Патент USA US2407832код для вставки
Sept» 17, 1946-' lA. N. GUs‘rAvsoN 2,407,831 VOTING MACHINE Filed Deo'. 24, 1942 ` 3 sheets-sheet 1 C 0 O 4a 9 I l _FLE-_ E «9V f 24 l?? \ ‘I 1| 7e l /8 ‘îz l a3 O » Sept. 17, 1946. ,Q_ N_ GUSTAV5ON 2,4079831 VOTING MACHINE Filed Dec. 24, 1942 V 5_ Sheets-Sheet 2 Sept. 17, 1946. A. N. G_USTAVSQN ' 2,407,831 VOTING MACHINE Filed Dec. 24, 1942 6?. m, 3 Sheets-5h86?Í 3 2,407,831 Patented Sept. 17, 1946 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,407,831 VOTING MACHINE Alvin N. Gustavson, Bemus Point, N. Y., assigner to Automatic Voting> Machine Corporation, Jamestown, N. Y., a corporation of Delaware Application December 24, 1942, Serial No. 470,046 4 Claims. (Cl. 235-54) 2 1 means by which a voter, with an alternative vot This invention relates to an improvement in voting machines Vand more particularly to a structure by which to adapt a voting machine to control certain kinds of voting such for example as cumulative voting for general assembly. In its present form the invention comprises a mechanism that is adapted to be mounted as a ing privilege, automatically restricts himself to the selected privilege. Other objects and advantages of the invention will be more fully understood from a considera tion of the following specification when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, and in which unit in a voting machine and may be removed or left as a permanent part of the voting machine as found necessary. A voting machine to which Figure 1 is a front elevational View of a portion of the keyboard of a voting machine that is ar ranged for voting on candidates for representa the invention is particularly adaptable includes a multiplicity of indicator operable interlocking straps. Any desired group of these straps may be connected with and controlled by the mech tives in general assembly; Figure 2 is a fragmentary view from the rear of a voting machine showing the conventional anism of the unit for the purpose of both' en interlocking straps and main grouping channel; abling and requiring a voter to ballot in accord ance with given voting laws. through the main grouping channel, parts being In certain areas provision is made for cumu lative voting such as voting for representatives compensatcrs. Figure 3 is an enlarged fragmentary view broken away to show both ñxed and adjustable Figure 4 is an enlarged view showing the cumu lative mechanism attached to the main grouping in general assembly. The voter, by law, is given three votes with respect to the candidates for representatives to general assembly and may dis channel; one and a single vote for another or one for each of three candidates. Provision is also made for a voter to split his ticket and cast one or two votes for a candidate or candidates in another party. The election law further provides that a voter may split his three votes for two candi . mechanism,- the adjustable compensator being sires among the candidates of his own party or among the candidates of his own and other parties. That is, he may cast all three votes for a single candidate in his own party, two votes for . Figure 5 is a perspective view of the cumulative tribute these three votes in any manner he de indicated in dotted lines; .Figure 6 is a perspective view of an adjustable ' compensator; ‘ Figure '7 is a fragmentary perspective View of the vcumulative mechanism, showing the con nection of the'mechanism with the interlocking straps through the use of grouping straps; Figure 8 is a rear elevational view of the mech' anism with parts in the position assumed when dates by voting one and one-half votes for each a voter has indicated a one and one-half vote of the two selected. preference for a single candidate; In the patent to A. N. Gustavson, No. 2,217,980, dated October 15, 1940, there is shown a device for cumulative voting which, while capable of controlling such voting, nevertheless requires the ’ Figure 9 is a vertical sectional view showing the position of the parts of the cumulative mecha nisrn being taken substantially as suggested by the line 9-9 of Figure 8; Figure 10 is a further rear elevational view of appearance of each candidate’s name in four 40 the mechanism, the parts thereof assuming this places on the ballot label. In certain election position when a single vote h'as been cast for a districts this has been considered as being highly candidate; and confusing to a voter and has in some instances Figure 11 is a vertical sectional view of the resulted in voters failing to cast votes in a man ner intended. The present invention not only un Ul mechanism and straps, being taken substantially as suggested at line ll-I l of Figure l0. makes possible voting in the manner set out Referring particularly to the drawings, the rei above but also eliminates the necessity for multi erence numeral I0 is employed to generally des ple appearance of each candidate’s name on the ignate a portion of a voting machine keyboard. ballot label and this therefore constitutes one of 50 This keyboard is of standard structure and is the objects of the invention; shown with several rows of horizontal indicators. Another object of the invention is to provide Each indicator Il, through a mechanism well automatically operable means for controlling the known in the art, is capable of registering a vote voting within a single group in the main grouping on a suitable counter subsequent'J to being moved or interlocking channel. from a generally horizontal position to a down A further object of the invention is to provide 2,407,831 3 wardly directed position with one end of the indi 4 nine compensators 24 into the grouping channel. cator overlying a part of the ballot label I2, a Each compensator takes up a space equal to the sing‘e indicator being so positioned in Figure l enlarged portion I1 of one strap. Provision must to illustrate this position. In Fig, 1 the voting additionally be made in the grouping channel for machine is shown set up for one major and two Cr limiting to two the number of straps that may be minor political parties, this illustration being for raised in the event a voter chooses to split his the sole purpose of disclosing the applicability of the present invention to multiple cumulative vot ing. ln general the major party, due to its re spective strength, has more candidates for repre sentatives >togeneral assembly than the minor parties and thus the major party X shows candi dates A, B and C, whereas the minor parties Y and Z show respectively two candida-tes` and one candidate. It will be noted that> each candidate’s name appears only once but embraces four of the indicators II. Also there is a number one be neath each of three of the indicators Il and a number one and one-half under the correspond ing fourth indicator for each candidate. With this arrangement, a votor has the privilege of moving into voted position, three single indicators for any one of the candidates or may make any division of these three, such` as for three separate candidates or two for one and one for another. If the voter prefers to cast his total of three votes for only two candidates, he may manipulate the vote to one and one-half for each of two candi dates. An additional compensator, movable as required into and out of operating position with respect to the grouping channel is provided, the operation of which is set forth in connection with the description of the cumulative mechanism. The cumulative mechanism by which a voter can cast three votes for representatives in general assembly is generally indicated by the reference numeral 26. The mechanism includes an upright portion 21, the lower edge of which is formed with a »base or mounting Vflange 28 that termi nates short of the ends of the portion 21. At the ends are horizontal ilanges 29 which terminate in laterally spaced upstanding lugs 3l and 32. The lugs serve not only to engage the under edge of one of the grouping channel plates I9 but to properly space the mechanism with respect to said channel. Suitable spacing studs 33 on the portion 21 abut the channel plate IB and also serve as a means of properly spacing the mecha indicator II appearing over the numeral one and nism. Elements such as the struckout ilanges 34 one-half in the ballot label of the preferred candi provide pivota1 support for hooks 36 which, in date and another indicator in a corresponding the present showing, project through openings position for another preferred candidate. 31 formed by the struckout ñanges 34. One end As is well known, each of the indicators in a of each hook is pivotally joined to a clamping voting machine of the type disclosed is connected screw 38 that projects through a support 39 on with and serves to actuate an interlocking strap. the portion 21. The upper end of the screw is All such straps except for length are substan \ threaded to receive a nut 4I. When the mecha tially identical and designated by the numeral I3. nism is mounted as shown in the drawings, rota If the voting machine is of 'a size to provide nine tion of nuts 4i tilts hooks 36 downwardly caus horizontal or party rows then there will be nine ing them to engage the lower edges of openings straps I 3, in close proximity and representing one 42 formed in the outermost plate I9 of the group vertical row of indicators. Each of "these straps, 40 ing channel. adjacent its lower end, is formed with a ledge or A pair of end ilanges 43 serve as a support for shoulder I4, and the lower end of the strap is a pair of parallel shafts 44 and 46. These shafts formed with a neck I6k which terminates in an preferably extend the full length of the mecha enlarged portion I1; The neck and enlarged por~ nism and for convenience of assembly may be tion I6 and I1 project into a main grouping squaredsubstantially as shown. Mounted on the channel I3 which forms a. conventional part of upper shaft 44 between the supporting franges 43 the voting machine and includes a pair of spaced are arms 41. Pairs of these arms are connected apart plates I9, having inwardly opening chan by rods 48. Each rod has several reduced diam nels 2I. These channels receive the enlarged eter areas 49 for a purpose hereinafter brought ends of rollers 22. For convenience the space out». An additional arm 5I is mounted on the between each pair of rollers accommodates the 50 shaft 44» and one of the rods 48 projects there neck portions I6 of two of the straps I3, the en through. This last mentioned arm is formed larged portions I1 being oifset in opposite direc with an opening 52 through which the iinger 53 tions. When one of the indicators I I on the face of a cam arm 54 is engaged. Armsl 41 and 5I of the machine is manipulated, the correspond rotate as one with shaft 44. ing strap I3 is raised. causing the enlarged por tion I1 thereof to move upwardly between and laterally spread apart the rollers. To control the number of straps that may -be raised in'this man ner, grouping pins 23 and compensator 24 are provided. The grouping pins serve to generally limit the lateral movability of rollers 22.whereas the compensator provides additional> limitations to the movability of the rollers and of course thus controls the number of wedge portions I1 of straps I3 that may be moved between these` rollers with in a group of any given size. In the present illustration of the invention, two grouping pins 23 are positioned to take in twelve vertical rows of indicators. In such a group the rollers are normally` of such size and number as would permit only twelve of the straps I3 to be raised. However, the major politica] party has only three candidates and therefore this group must be additionally limited by the insertion of The lower shaft 45 is fitted with arms 55 which are also arranged in pairs, each pair being con nected by a rod 58, having at least one reduced diameter area 59. One of theI arms 56 is formed with an opening 6I through which the finger 62 of a further cam arm 63 projects. The cam arms 54 and 63 are preferably mounted at opposite ends of the portion 21 and disposed for vertical pivotal movement about studs 64. Mounted o-n the por tion 21 are links 66 and 61. One end of each link is supported for pivotal movement on a stud 63. The other end of each of these links is ñtted with a pin 69 which projects through a suitable slot 1l in the portion 21. Between the arms 54 and 63, the portion 21 also supports a sliding link 12, movement thereof being limited by a pin and slot structure 13 and 14. Inclined surfaces 1S on the lower corners of the link 12 are engageable by pins 69 of the links 36. The arms 54 and 63 are also provided with inclined surfaces 11, these sur 2,407,831 5 faces under certain circumstances of operation of the mechanism being engaged by pins 69. As shown in the Gustavson patent referred to above, the cumulative mechanism is connected with the interlocking straps I3 through the use of grouping straps 'I8 which at one end have spaced- parts connected by a lug 19. The parts continue parallel for a short distance and then bend inwardly, being joined to form a connect-l ing link 8i, the lower end of which terminates 10 6 ments` and rest upon the grouping channel. Thus, when arms 56 are rotated, compensator 86 moves upwardly into position between a pair of rollers and the grouping channel and the voter has been caused, by casting one vote, to use up two-thirds of the available space as limited by the heretofore mentioned grouping pins and iixed compensator. He can therefore move only one more indicator of the one and one-half type into voted position. Due to arrangement of links 6B and 12, and the cam arms 54 and 63, it is possible for a voter in the midst of his selection to change from one type to the other, that is, he may have started rows of indicators on the voting machine. The 15 voting in a group where he is entitled to cast one, two or three votes for one to three candidates, hook 82 oi each of such group of straps is en and prefer to 'select only two candidates and cast gaged with one of the areas 49 or 59 of the rods 48 two votes. By returning the first actuated indi or 58, and the lug 'I9 rests upon the conventional cators to inoperative position, he may actuate ledges or shoulders I4 of the interlocking 20 the one and one-half vote indicators and the straps I3. cumulative mechanism will shift from the show Having described the structure of the mecha in a hook 82. The straps 'i8 are of a size to en close a vertical group of interlocking straps I3, this group, as heretofore brought out, being of a size corresponding to the number of horizontal ing in Figure 10 to that of Figure 8. By means of the present structure, it is pos sible to adapt the main grouping channel not tion is set forth. It is assumed that a voter be longing to one of the parties such as X, is about 25 only for cumulative voting but for any other type of alternative voting through the provision to vote and in that part of the voting machine nism andits connection through the interlocking straps with the voting indicators II, the opera of the lockout group feature together with an set aside for cumulative voting, he has a choice automatically operable compensator. of three candidates A, B and C. As already set Although applicant has shown and described forth, the law sanctions this voter casting three ballots in any combination he may see ñt. If he 30 only one mechanism and arrangement for the control of group voting and particularly for the desires to cast one, two or three ballots for any of control of cumulative voting for representatives the three candidates in the party row X, he in general assembly, it will be apparent that moves the corresponding indicators il into voted variations of the structure may be made and are position. On the movement of the iirst indicator contemplated in so far as such variations are in a corresponding interlocking strap I3 is raised the spirit and scope of the annexed claims. and through the group strap 'I8 and hook 82 rod Having thus set forth my invention what I 48 is elevated. This movement of rod 48 causes claim as new and for which I desire protection arm 54 to swing upwardly, incline surface 'I'I by Letters Patent is: thereof contacting pin 69 and swinging link 61 1. In a voting machine, a plurality of inter toward the left, as viewed in Figure l0, sliding 40 locking straps, an interlock common to all of link ‘I2 so that it will contact pin 59 of the other said straps and including means for limiting to link 65 rotating said other link in a manner to a predetermined maximum the number of straps secure arm B3 in lowered position. It is of course that may be actuatedfpivotally movable mem understood that grouping pins 23 and compen bers, means engaged with and segregating said sators 24, provide that only a maximum of three 45 straps rinto a plurality of groups, said means serving to connect said groups with said mem bers, other means connecting said members, said vote a one, two or three distribution, it is imma other means being operable by any of said mem terial whether he indicates a second or third vote but he cannot indicate a vote in the amount 50 bers to render another member and any straps connected thereto inoperative, and an adjustable of one and one-half under these circumstances. compensator for said interlock, said compensator This is due to the fact that the one and one-half being connected lwith one of said members and vote indicators for the candidates are connected movable thereby to decrease the maximum num- _ with rods 58. Since these rods are mounted on a ber of straps that may be actuated. 55 common shaft 46 and are held in lowered posi 2. In a voting machine, a plurality of inter tion by the secured arm 63, none of the one and locking straps, an interlock common to all of one-half vote straps may be raised. said straps having grouping pins and compen If avoter, however, prefers to cast his three votes sators for limiting to a predetermined maximum for two candidates, then he moves one of the the number of straps that may be actuated, piv one and one-half Vote indicators into operative otally movable members, means engaged with position and such movement elevates all of the and segregating said straps into a plurality of rods 58 together with arm 63. Links 66 and 'I2 groups, said means serving to connect said together with arm 54 now assume the position -groups with said members, means connecting shown in Figure 8. Under these circumstances said members in a manner to permit operation 65 it is clear that arm 54 is secured against move of only one of `said members at a time, an ad ment and thus all of the single vote straps joined justable compensator for said interlock, said with rods 48 are prevented movement into voted compensator being connected with and movable position. With this selection a voter should only by one of said members to further limit the max actuate two indicators and not three as he was imum number of strap-s that may be actuated. entitled to actuate under his other selection in 3. In a voting machine, a plurality of inter voting. One of the arms 56 has an extension 83 locking straps, an interlock common to all of and a pin 84 that provides support for the hooked said straps having grouping pins and compen end 85 of an adjustable compensator 86. Suit sators for limiting to a predetermined maximum able guides B1 for the compensator 86 may be pro vided and in the present disclosure are split ele 75 the number of straps that may be actuated, a straps I3 and their corresponding indicators II may be actuated. Since the voter has chosen to 7 2,407,831 pair of pivotally movable members, hook-like elements engaged with and segregating said straps into a plurality of groups, said elements serving to connect said groups with said mem bers, means connecting said members in a man ner to render either of said members inoperative, and the straps connected therewith, upon oper-v ation of the other of said members, an adjustable 8 a predetermined maximum the number of straps that may be actuated, pivotally movable mem» bers, means engaged with and segregating said straps into a plurality of groups, said means serv ing to connect said groups with said members, other means connecting said members, said other means being operable by any one of said members to render another member and any straps con~ compensator for said interlock, said compen nected thereto inoperative, and further means sator being connected with and movable by one 10 actuated by operation of one of said members. of said members to change the capacity of said said further means being operable on said inter interlock to control actuation of the straps. lock to change its capacity to control actuation 4. In a voting machine, a plurality of inter~ of the straps from said predetermined maximum locking straps, an interlock common to all oi" number. said straps and including means for limiting to 15 ALVIN N. GUSTAVSON.