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Sept. 17, 1946. '
E. E, ‘PETZOLD
VANE
4' 2,407,901
MOTOR
'
Filed Dec. 21, 1945
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INVENTOR.
EARL E‘. PETZOL-p
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Sept 17, 1946-
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E. E‘. PETZOLD
2,407,901
VANE MOTOR
Filed Dec. 21,‘ 19.43
42
5 Sheets-Sheet 2
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.EB;_ARL_E'. PETZOLD
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2,401,901
i’atented Sept. 17, 1946
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,407,901
VANE MOTOR
_
Earl E. Petzold, Burbank, Calif.
Application December 21, 1943, Serial No. 515,108
5 Claims.
(Cl. 103—-80)
1
.
2
Fig. 2 is a vertical view taken substantially
This invention concerns means and ways for
along the-line 2-2 of Fig. ‘1.
propelling all kinds of craft, land and water, as
well as for moving ?uids, both gases and liquids.
Rotary and/or reciprocal means and mecha
nisms are employed for moving plates, panels or
'
Fig. 3 is is a vertical View taken substantially
along the line 3-3 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is a left end elevational view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is a graph showing the general wavy
movement of a portion of the invention.
vanes in a sinuous, snake-like, or ?shtail-like
wavy -motion, the panels or vanes, because of
such motion, moving large volumes of ?uid, either
Fig. 6 is a modi?ed form of the invention as i
for the purpose of moving the ?uid, such as in
pipes etc., or for transmitting same from place to
place, or for moving ?uids with the prime purpose
applied to a boat, a portion of the boat being
shown in side elevation with a part thereof broken
away to show the applied invention.
of propelling some kind of a device, or some type
of land or water craft. The sinuous or Wavy mov
of the boat ‘of Fig. 6 and taken at right angles
Fig. '7 is a cross sectional view of a portion
ing vane may be ‘just a single element or a pair
of elements working in opposition to one another 15
so as to be more powerful and e?ective as a ?uid
thereto.
7
Fig. 8 is a plan view of a portion of an ele
ment shown in Fig. 6.
Fig. 9 is a vertical View, partly in section, show
moving means.
One of the principal objects of this invention is
ing how the single panel moving mechanism of
, to present a new and novel power propeller that
Fig. 1 can be applied to the double panel form
of the invention in Figs. 6 to 8 inclusive, ‘and
Fig, 10 is an end vertical view of Fig. 9.
Fig. 11 is an elevational view, partly in section,
showing a ball joint connection to the vane, the
view being taken substantially along the line
i!-H of Fig. 1.
is sturdy and simple in construction, and which
is economical to make and manufacture. I
Another object is to provide a sinuous mov
ing panel for displacing ?uids and the like, the
means including reciprocally acting rods pivotal
.ly coupled to the panel and adapted for moving
the ends of the panel at various speed rates, one
end of the panel always lagging behind the other
The invention as shown in Figs. 1 to 4 is for a
pump device and includes an outer shell or cover
which comprises a bottom wall 1, side walls 2
end thereof in movement so that the ?uids are
and 3, top wall 4, and a central‘ horizontal wall
constantly being forced in one direction.
Still, another object is to provide a pair of work 30 or partition 5. Extensions of the lower portion
of the shell includes the connecting ?anges 6 and
ing plates or panels which have wavy motion, the
‘l, as shown, so that the pump device can be se~
opposed ends of the panels always moving in op
curely and tightly fastened to the ?anges of the
posite directions so that their joint e?ective thrust
duct or pipe through which the ?uid is to be
upon the surrounding medium is in a single for
pumped. The lower portion of the device is rec
ward direction, but, however, rearward direction
tangular in section, cross-wise or longitudinally,
is accomplished by reverse operation of the plates
but in the event the device is to be connected to
or panels.
7
circular pipe, adapters having round and rectan
Other objects, advantages and features of my
gular ends can be employed, the same being well
invention will appear from the accompanying 40 known in the trade.
drawings, the subjoined detailed description, the
The partition 5 forms the device into two cham
preamble of these speci?cations and the append
bers, a pump chamber 8 and a driving mecha
ed claims.
nism chamber 9. The partition 5, as well as other
Applicant is about to illustrate and describe
walls of the device may be joined as shown so '
one of the forms of his invention in order to teach 4.5 that the partition is integral with the ?anged ends
one how to make and use the same, but it is to
6 and 1, or the partition may be welded in place.
be understood that the drawings and description
The particular construction of the shell is of no
thereof are not to limit the invention in any
importance because the invention is adaptable to
sense whatsoever, except as limited by the ap
various types and kinds of housings.
pended claims.
‘
50
Within the chamber 8 is a rectangular vane,
In the drawings:
plate, propeller or panel [0 having ?xed to each
Fig. 1 shows one form of the invention in side
end thereof the housings I I and !2 of a ball joint.
View, the bottom portion thereof being in ele
In each housing is a ‘ball [3, the upper end of
vation and the upper portion thereof being in
each ball being rigidly ?xed to the end of its re
section.
'
'
-
‘
~‘
55
spective rod l4; these rods being extensions from
a
2,407,901
ii
the link-pistons l5 and I6, as shown. The ball
joint housings each have the circular openings
the slot 5| not being as close to its edge of the
plate as the slot 50 is to its edge of the plate
I‘! at the tops thereof so that the rods l4 can
swing in any of a number of directions. Pintle
because of the axial displacement of the cranks.
These slots are provided for the purpose of lead
type hinges may be used in place of the ball joints,
especially in this particular form of the inven
tion, but the ball type is illustrated so that the
ing the rods of the cranks 4| and 43 directly to
device will operate when some other type of driv
ing mechanism is used in place of the one shown.
Each of the: link-(like pistons l5 and. I6 consist
of a cross-like frame having a horizontal slot l8
for a roller-pin [9 to ride in, the pin having a
?anged head to keep it in the slot. The rod I4‘
forms the lower stem of the cross-like frame and
their respective ends of the plate 49 as shown.
Pintle type hinges may be employed for pivotally
connecting the power ends of the rods to the
plates, but instead thereof, the ball joints 52 are
shown which are: the same as the ones shown in
Fig. 1 of the'drawings.
‘
The plate 49 is connected so as. to wave in a
sinuous motion in direct opposition to the wavy
sinuous motion of the plate 48, these plates each
the integral upright guide member 20 forming 15 having the wavy motion as indicated in the graph
of Fig. 5. When the plates are under the power
the upper stem of the frame. In order to make
each frame ride freely vertically, the lower bearaction of the. crank shaft 39, the water of the
ing 2| and the upper bearing 22 is provided, in
lake, river or sea is forced in the direction of the
arrow causing the boat to move forward. Other
,walls 5 and 4 respectively, as shown. The upper
stems 26 ‘must be long enough so as not to leave 20 types and kinds of water craf-t may be so pro
their respective upper bearings 22 when the slot
pelled such. as large surface ships, submarines,
etc.
of the frame is at its lowermost position.
The roller-pins [9 of each frame are jour
Figs. 9 and 10 illustrate how the driving mech
nalled in ?ywheel type crank-wheels, the crank
anismof Fig. 1 may he modi?ed for working a
wheel 23 being provided for working with they 25 pair of vanes. The drive shaft of Figs. 10 and 11
frame 15 and .the crank-wheel 24 being pro
vided for working with the frame I6. The
is a straight one and indicated at 65, and. has
the cross crank levers 66 and 66' integral with the
crank-wheels are keyed to the opposite ends of a
shaft 25 and the shaft is held in position by the
lever is a roller-pin 61, each one of which rides in
journal blocks 26 and 2'! which are ?xed to the
a slot of a cross-like frame; for instance, at one
top of the partition 5. Any suitable means may
be provided for‘ rotating the shaft, butfor a
complete showing, the shaft is rotated by an
electric motor 28 that is ?xed to the top of the
device; the motor having connection with the
end of the crank shaft, one of. the roller-pins rides
in the slots 68 of the frame 69', and the other roll
er-pin rides in aslot 10 of the frame "ll; note that
ends thereof.’ At each bearing end of‘ the crank
these. crossellike frames are the same as the
frames 15 and I6. of‘Fig. 1.. The lower stems l2
and ‘13, and '52" and-13" of the frames pass
through the partition or deck 31 of the.=boat, as
shaft through the bevel gears 29 and 36 as shown.
Note that the setting of the crank pins 19 of the
shown, or in the case of the airplane, said stems
crank-wheels is such that the frame l6 leads
would pass through the floor and skin 55' thereof.
the frame 15 by about 4.5 degrees as the crank
wheels rotate in the direction indicated‘ by the 40 The stem T2‘ connects pivotally with the 'rear-*
ward‘ end of‘ the plate 48 and the stem 13 con
arrows thereon.
The arrangement J'us-t related gives the plate
nects pivotally with the rearward end of the plate
or vane ID a sinuous motion as indicated by the
graph in Fig. 5. This graph shows a sine wave
3| with the plate or vane I E] positioned thereon
and 13' respectively have connection with the
in full lines to indicate the position of the vane _
as shown in Fig. 1; the two previous positions
are indicated in dotted lines at a: and y, and the
49. The similar frames 69" and ‘H ' and. stems 12'
other ends‘ of the plates 43 and 49v as the other
end of the crank shaft 65.. Any suitable power
connected means may be employed for rotating
the drive‘ shaft 65, for simplicity‘, the shaft is
later‘ positions by a, b, c, d and e to complete the
shown as having the pulley wheel 14 keyed there- I
cycle.
manner as set forth, the plate will Wave to and
fro as though neatly following the sine curve
to with the endless belt‘ ‘I51 connecting the pulley
Wheel with some suita'blemeans of power‘such as
the gasoline motor of the boat 35 or‘ the gasoline
3|. Should the plate It! and its driving mecha
engine of the plane 55;
nism be slanted or turned on its side, obvious
ly the motion and effect of the plate would be ,i
Fig. 11 shows how the‘ ball joint II’ is con
nected' to‘ the vane‘ or plate [0. It is sometimes
By connecting the plate I0 in such a '
'
the same.
necessary to provide slip means so‘ that‘ one of
Another form of the invention is shown as ap
plied to a small boat 35, note Figs. 6 to 8. The
bottom of the boat is‘ indicated‘ at 36, the deck at
31 and the rudder ‘at 38. At the rear of the boat
is a crank shaft 39 having the cranks. 40, 4|, 42
and 43. The shaft is supported by the standard
the ball joint housings of each vane can slide
slightly along the vane to compensate for the
slight difference in space distance between the
ball joints when the vane‘ is in operation; how‘
ever', loose play of the parts may be enough in
some instances without the employment of the
‘ball joint type H’. When the joint ill'is' re
quired, a slight dovetail like cut is made in the
vane as indicated at 16' and the housing II’ is
bearing 44 at one end and the bearing 45 at the
other end, the bearing 45 being supported by the
frame of the gasoline motor indicated in general
at 46. Each one of the cranks have connected
thereto a depending work- rod 41, these rods con
necting the forward end of the panel or plate
provided with a bevelled'base H” which neatly
slides in the cut [0’.
It is‘, of course, understood that various changes
43 with the crank 42',‘ the forward end of the panel
and modi?cations may be made in the‘ details‘ of
or plate 49 with the crank 43', the aftw'ard end 70 form, style, design and construction of the whole
of the plate 48 with the crank 40', and the aft- '
or any part of the speci?cally described} embodi
ward end of the plate 49 with the crank Al,
ment of this invention without departing: from
The plate 48 is slotted asv shown in Fig. 8', the
the spirit. thereof, such changes and modi?ca
slots 50 and SI are‘ parallel with each other and
tio'ns being restricted" only by the limitations
positioned along; the opposite ends of the" plate, 75 clearly expressed in the following claims: ‘ ‘ ‘
2,407,901
5
6
.
Having thus described my invention, what is
'3. A propeller device comprising a movable
claimed as new and desired to be secured by Let
ters Patent is:
1. A fluid propelling device comprising a hous~
ing having a plurality of chambers, one of the
plate and mechanism for sinuously working the
plate, the mechanism comprising a crankshaft
having connecting rod means with their ends piv
oted to the plate, and power means connected to
the shaft for rotating it, the connecting means
chambers constituting an open duct and another
of the chambers constituting a closed compart
ment, a movable plate means in the duct and
mechanism in the compartment for moving the
comprising a plurality of link-like pistons, each
piston including a pair of arms forming cross
like frames having a slot, a crank pin in each slot
plate means in a sinuous manner, the mechanism 10 eccentrically connected to the crank shaft, said
crank pins reciprocating the frames in a sub‘
comprising a crank shaft with a pair of spaced
stantially straight line.
i
apart crank elements keyed thereto, a crank-pin
4. A propeller device including a pair of inde
at the periphery of each of the elements, a recip
pendently operating plates and mechanism for
rocable rod adjacent each of the elements and
entering said‘ duct, means at the top of the rods 15 sinuously'working the plates in opposition to one
another, the mechanism including a crank shaft
connecting with their respective adjacent crank
having
extended connecting means reaching to
pin and means at the other ends of the rods piv
and joined pivotally with the plates by ball and
otally connecting with opposite edges of the plate
socket joints, power means for rotating the shaft,
means and power means connected to the shaft
each of said connecting means comprising a
for rotating it, said rods including cross-like
frame in the form of a cross wherein one arm of
frames, each frame having a short arm and a
long arm, the short arm of each frame having a
each frame has a straight slot to receive a crank
pin, a plurality of cranks connected to the shaft
having crank-pins, and a crank-pin in each slot
guide slot, and said crank-pins engaging the slots
of the short arms of the frame.
I
25 for the purposes described.
2. A ?uid propelling device comprising a. hous
ing having a plurality of chambers, one of the
chambers constituting an open duct and an
other of the chambers constituting a closed com
partment, a plurality of movable vanes in the duct 30
5. A propeller device including a pair of inde
pendently operating plates and mechanism for
sinuously working the plates, the mechanism in-v
cluding a crank shaft having extended connect
ing means reaching to and joined pivotally with
and mechanism in the compartment for waving
the plates by ball and socket joints, power means
the vanes in a sinuous manner, the mechanism
for rotating the shaft, the mechanism including a
comprising a crank shaft having ?xed thereto a
pair of crank means keyed to the shaft and spaced
pair of spaced apart crank means, each crank
apart along the shaft, a reciprocable element ad
means having spaced apart crank-pins, a crank 35 jacent to and positioned on each side- of each
rod extending from each crank-pin and entering
crank means, a pair of crank-pins ?xed to each
said duct and having a pivoted connection at one
crank means and arranged so that a crank-pin
end of one of the vanes, the pair of rods at one
engages each element, a rod extending from each
end of the shaft having like connection with their
element and connected to the plates, one rod from
respective vanes and the pair of rods at the other 40 each pair of elements connecting with opposite
end of the shaft having like connection with their
ends of one of the plates and the other rod from
respective vanes, each rod Where it connects with
each pair of elements connecting with the oppo
its respective crank-pin having a straight elon
site ends of the other plate.
gated slot.
‘
EARL E. PETZOLD.
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