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Sept. 17, 1946.
Filed May 5, 1945
EH13 4 Fl; “G5
Patented Sept. 17, 1946
Edward Hayden, Windsor, Ontario, Canada
Application May 5, 1945, Serial No. 592,100
2 Claims. (01. 46-49)
This invention relates to construction models
Referring more particularly to the drawing,
or toys comprising blocks, slabs and similar ele
ments adapted to be detachably interlocked to
form the component parts of a miniature house
. ments designed in accordance with my invention
or other structure.
In_ the present instance the invention will be
described in connection with the fabrication of
component parts of a sectional house adapted to
serve as a construction model for architects or
Fig. 1 shows the manner in which building ele
may be directly interlocked with each other to
provide the windows ‘and other component parts ‘
of a miniature house or building adapted to serve
as a builders’ or architects’ model or as a toy.‘ In
this View a pair of built-up’ window units desig;
nated 5 and 6 are shown with their outer sides
builders or as a toy but it will be understood that 10 interlocked with L-shaped corner elements ‘i and
8 and their inner sides interlocked with a rec—
tangular element 9.
that the principles of the invention may be em
this is merely for purposes of illustration and
The corner elements ‘I and 8 comprise verti
bodied in the design of construction elements
cally extending L-shaped blocks representing an
adapted to be used in the fabrication of various
other miniature sectional structures.
15 gularly related legs l8 and H, the face {Illa of leg
it being provided witha full length ‘T-shaped‘
The main feature of the invention consists in
groove Hi1) and the face Ha of the leg H being
the provision of building elements provided with
provided with a full length T-shaped groove Mb.
slots designed to permit said elements to be di
The intermediate element 9 comprises an elon
rectly interlocked with each other by sliding a
side wall of the slotted portion of one element into 20 gated rectangular block or slab provided with
full length T-shaped grooves do in its opposite
interlocking engagement with an inter?tting side
side faces I? and i3. The upper and lower end
wall of the similarly slotted portion of another
faces of element 9 are also provided with T-shaped
of said elements. In the preferred embodiment
grooves i5 extending between the faces l2 and
of the invention a T-shaped slot or groove is
formed in one side or in each of a plurality of 25 i3 and intersecting the verticalgrooves 9a.
The corner elements ‘i and 8 are shown ar
sides of each element and these grooved or
ranged with their grooves Hlb opposed to but
slotted portions of the elements are suitably pro
spaced from the grooves 9a. of the intermediate
portioned 50 that two of said elements may be
directly interlocked with each other by sliding the
element 9.
The top, bottom and side frame members of
L-shaped side wall of one of the T-grooves of one 30
each window unit 5 and 6 are formed of separate
element into the T-shaped slot or groove of a
blocks respectively indicated at l6, l1, l8 and t9.
companion element. This ‘construction enables
Each of these blocks is formed with T-shaped
the elements to be releasably interlocked by di
grooves 20 in its opposite side faces 2| and with
rect inter?tting engagement with each other and
eliminates the necessity of providing additional 35 T-shaped grooves 22 in its opposite end faces 23,
the grooves 22 extending between the faces 2|
connecting members for securing the elements
and intersecting the grooves 23. The top and
together in assembled relation in the fabrication
bottom blocks 16 and H of each window unit
of toy houses or other ‘structures.
Proceeding now to a more detailed description
are interlocked with one of the corner elements
of this invention reference will be had to the 40 1 or 8 and with the intermediate element ‘9 as
shown in Figs. 1 and 2, it being noted that each
accompanying drawing, in which—
block has the L-shaped wall of one of its end T
Fig. 1 is a perspective view showing building
grooves 22 ?tted in the T- shaped slot Nb of the
elements designed and interlocked in accordance
adjacent corner element and also has one L
with my invention.
Fig. 2 is a sectional View taken along the line 45 shaped wall of its remaining end T-groove 22
?tted in one of the T-shaped slots 9a of the inter
2-2 of Fig. 1.
mediate element 9. The outer side block I8 of
Fig. 3 is a sectional view taken along the line
3—3 of Fig. 1.
each window unit is arranged vertically with the
L-shaped wall of its outer T-groove 2t) ?tted in
Fig. 4 is a perspective view of a sill element
adapted to be used in conjunction with my im 50 the T-groove “lb of the adjacent corner member.
proved building elements.
The inner side block It of each window unit is
also arranged vertically with one L-shaped side
5 is a side elevation of one of the building
elements shown in Figs. 1 to 3 inclusive.
Fig. 6 is an end view of the element shown in
Fig. 5.
wall of its inner T-groove ?tted in the adjacent
T-shaped slot 9a of the intermediate element 9.
55 The central opening de?ned by the. framing
blocks of each window unit is closed by a trans
in a direction at right angles to the direction of
parent panel 26 having its side edges ?tted in the
inwardly facing T-grooves 20 of the blocks I8
the courses of brick or stone simulating areas
on the opposite side so that said element may
and I9 and its upper edge ?tted in the down
wardly facing T-groove 20 of the upper block [6.
be used eithed horizontally or vertically.
I claim:
1. A miniature sectional building structure
The lower edges of the transparent panel rest on
a sill member 28 which is interlocked with the
blocks l1, l8 and Hi. This sill member is shown
provided with end projections 29 which enter the
inwardly facing T-shaped slots 20 of the blocks l8
and I9. The sill member is also provided with
a depending projection 39 which is received in
the upwardly facing T-groove 21:] of the lower
block IT and. with projections 3| which overlie the
outer side faces of the blocks l8 and E9.
The remaining structure of the miniature
building shown in the present drawing may be
completed in various Ways by interlocking ‘with
the blocks shown-in Fig. 1 various other blocks
provided with T-shaped grooves permitting them
to be directly interlocked in accordance with the
principle of my invention. As previously stated
the essential feature is the construction of the
blocks with T-shaped grooves so that an L
shaped side wall of the T-groove of one block may
be inserted in the T-groove of another block to
secure the blocks together by direct inter-?tting
and interlocking engagement with each other.
The building elements described herein may
adapted to serve as a toy or builder’s model, said
structure comprising a plurality of detachably
interlocked building elements, each element being
I provided with a T-shaped groove open at both
ends and having one of the L-shaped de?ning
walls of said groove slidably ?tted within the T
shaped groove of an adjoining element, each part
of the said L-shaped portionvbeing in direct en
gagement with a Wall portion of the T-shaped
2. A miniature building structure adapted to ‘
serve as a toy or builder’s model, said structure
comprising a plurality of relatively long and nar
row blocks detachably interlocked with each
other, certain of said blocks being each provided
With full length T-shaped slots extending along
opposite sides thereof and with additional T
shaped slots extending across the end faces there
of and intersecting the ?rst mentioned slots, each
of said grooved blocks having L -shaped side walls
of different side and end grooves thereof slidably
?tted within T-shaped grooves of adjoining
blocks, each part of the said L-shaped portion
have brick or stone simulating surfaces printed 30 being in direct engagement with a wall portion 7
or otherwise applied to opposite sides thereof. In
this case the courses of brick or stone simulating
areas at one side of each element would extend
of the T-shaped groove.
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