Патент USA US2407941код для вставки
Sept. 17, 1946. c. L. STEVENS 2,407,940 MANUFACTURED ARTICLE OF FURNITURE Filed April 19, 1944 6712117222 L. Jim/em’ Patented Sept. 17, 1946 2,407,940 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE, 2,407,940 MANUFACTURED ARTICLE OF FURNITURE 1 Clinton L. Stevens, Jamestown, N. Y. Application April 19, 1944, Serial No. 531,728 7 Claims. (01. 5-286) This invention relates to an improvement in manufactured articles of furniture, and more particularly to individual parts thereof. More speci?cally the invention pertains to manufactured parts that comprise and are as sembled into articles of furniture, and for a fuller understanding of its purpose, the invention is embodied in a supporting rail, such, for example, 2 be subsequently ornamented, painted, or veneered to simulate any desired material or color. The rail is so constructed as to provide adequate strength and at the same time is of considerably less weight than its currently manufactured counterpart in either wood or metal. Other objects and'advantages of the invention will become apparent from a consideration of the as the side rail of a bedstead. following speci?cation, taken in conjunction with For some time in the past it has been common 10 the accompanying drawing, wherein one appli practice to manufacture comparatively thin cation of use of the invention is shown; and in sheets from cellulose ?ber to provide rough or which ' ?nished covering for walls and the like. These Fig. 1 is a fragmentary perspective view of one ' sheets are commercially available in varying end of a bed rail embodying the invention, parts thicknesses; the thicker sheets being more porous 15 being broken away to disclose the method of an and usually serving as an insulating board, and choring a bed hook thereto; , the thinner sheets, being more highly compressed Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional view taken sub and dense, serving as a ?nishing board. So far stantially on the line 2—2 of Fig. 1; as is known, no effort has been made to provide a Fig. 3 is a further vertical sectional View simi bond for the cellulose ?bers of a wall board to give 20 lar to Fig. 2, showing the application of a veneer it strength beyond that required in the erection or other ?nishing material to the side and top of walls or partitions. In other words, wall board surfaces of a rail; manufactured from cellulose ?bers has been en Fig. 4 is a vertical sectional view taken sub tirely in sheet form and without structural design stantially on the line 4-4 of Fig. 1 and shows one by which to give such strength as to render it ca 25 form of reinforcement that may be embedded in pable of serving to support a weight other than the rail ribs to give added strength; its own. It is a purpose of the present invention Fig. 5 is a fragmentary side elevational. view to illustrate and describe one of several uses to of the rail shown in Fig. 1, parts being broken which pressed, properly bonded, cellulose ?bers away to disclose a form of reinforcement appli may be put when designed to give structural 30 cable to the web portion of ‘the rail; and strength that heretofore was provided through Fig. 6 is a vertical sectional view taken substan the use of additional structural members formed tially on the line 6-6 of Fig. 5 and shows a fur from wood or metal. ther reinforcement for the rib, together with the In the present illustrated form, the invention location of the web reinforcement. is directed to a side rail of a bedstead. This rail Referring more particularly to the drawing, consists of cellulose ?bers held together in com the reference numeral [0 is employed to generally pressed relationship with a binder that is of such designate the side rail of a bed in which is em nature as to give added strength to the ?bers, bodied one form of the invention. This rail is such a binder being available in several of the formed from suitably bonded cellulose ?bers, commercial synthetic resins. The advantages 40 being made into rail form in a mold under appli of a structural member of this nature are many; cation of heat and pressure. The rail comprises namely, the utilization of a material or substance a vertical web portion l l which is located towards that is largely waste, and with a suitable bond the outer or exposed side, and this web portion ing agent, molding this material into the form of connects, and is, of course, integral with top-and parts of an article of furniture. Thus, although 45 bottom ledges l2 and i3. As illustrated in Fig. 2 the parts of the article are molded, they, never of the drawing, the rail has the appearance of a theless, being formed from wood ?bers, will have channel, and it is proposed, in order to give neces the general appearance of wood, as well as its sary structural support to the top and bottom warmth, as distinguishedfrom metal. Addition ledges ‘l2 and I3, that the ends M be the full ally, by molding such parts, the manufacturer is 50 rail depth. Intermediate the ends M, a suitable limited in design or pattern only to the extent number of ribs I6 are provided. ‘ These ribs are, of the design of the mold,,and even this design of course, integral not only with the web portion may be altered by further work, following removal 1 l, but with the top and bottom ledges l2 and i3 ‘ from the mold. Thus, for example, a rail may as well, and they serve,‘ when provided in suit be produced in a mold of given contour and may 55 able number, to give such supportto the top ledge 2,407,940 3 portions on said member, a plate partially embed ded in each of said end portions and having hook to the lower ledge 13 that it may be utilized as a support for the ends of cross-slats which, in oertain types of beds, serve to mount a spring. End plates I‘! are embedded in and secured to elements extending therebeyond, intermediate ribs connecting the ledges of said member, said ribs, ledges and'web portion being integral and said ribs serving to rigidify said ledges. the rail ends I4 during the molding operation. 2. In an article of furniture, a channel-like sup These plates may be notched in one or more port member comprising a web portion, integral places, as indicated at l8, for the, purposeiof van choring them and prev'entingitheirsubsequent 4 ing opposite edges of said portion, full depth end I 2 that it may be readily used to support a spring. Additionally, the ribs 16 give such added strength 10 top and bottom ledges terminating opposite edges of said portion, end portions substantially the full depth and height of said member, hook plates "having their ends embedded in said end portions,‘ dislodgment from the ‘rail ends.‘ Each'plate is also formed with one or more hooks l9 and in clined slots 2| by which to secure the rail end ‘ ' The ' _ a plurality of ribs intermediate the end portions, to the head or foot-board of a bedstead. each of said ribs being integral with said web and the top and bottom ledges and terminating sub stantially flush with the ledges. particular type of hook l9 formsno part of the invention. ' ' ' > ' It is contemplated that certain types of _arti-‘ 3., In an article of furniture, a support mem cles of furniture are subjected to greater struc-_ ber having solid ends, hook plates having their ends permanently joined to said solid ends, said tural strain than are other articles, and in the presentillustration it would be true that the rails member,v intermediate its?ends, being channel- I of singlebeds would normally be required to stand like in cross section, the sides of the channelcon upunder a lesser weight than would the rails of stituting .top and bottom ledges, a plurality of a three-quarter or double bed. Under such cir spaced ribs formed integral with said ledges and cumstances, it is contemplated to provide a struc tural reinforcementinthe rail atsuch points, or 25 the connecting web of the channel, each of said ribs','in cross'section, beingiwedge-shaped with throughout its length, as may be found necessary the-wider part at the web of the channel and ‘the to give added strength. In Fig. 4 of the drawing narrow. edge terminating substantially ?ush with a metal rod or' wire 22 is shown. 7 This Wire .is the free edges of the'top and bottom ledges. intended to give reinforcement to the rib l5 and is of such proportions and shape asto act as a 30 tie between the ledges l2: and I3 andthe rib-i6. posite edges of said web portion and cooperating therewith to form a channel, 'solid ends on said channel, hook plates having their ends perma nently- joined-tothe solid ends,; a plurality of spaced apart ribsformed integral with the web and flanges, each of said ribs having an edge Additionally, it is contemplated to provide rein forcement for the webll, and one form of such reinforcement is shown in Fig. 5 of the drawing, wherein permanently secured, verticaland hori zontal wire rods ,23 and.24 .are utilized. The number of such rods .may. be increased over that shown, and it is ‘contemplated, in lieu .of the use of such rods, to utilize expanded sheet metal. With use of rods as a reinforcement it is possible to continue them, as illustrated in Fig. 6 of the terminating within the limits of said channel, and means forming a part of each of said ribs serving tov reinforce the integral, connection with said ?anges. The metal reinforcement. i . a As is suggested in Figs. 3 and ,4 of the drawing, 50 the rail, ,along its web ,II and topledge .I2,'may . - . edges of ‘said portion, atleast one end of said member being, solid, an attachment element ex tending in the ,direction of the length of said member, said element having a'portion embedded in said solid end, and a further portion extend ing therebeyond and, providing fastening means for said member to another element of the‘ article ' of furniture. be covered with a veneer that will'match the 6. In an article of furniture, a channel-like material from which a head andfoot-board are constructed. Theapplication of the veneer is a support member comprising a web portion‘,,inte gral top and bottom flanges-terminating opposite simple matter and its permanency is assured, edges of said web portion, a hook plate extending in the direction'of the length of said memberLan end ofv said channel-like member being solid and] since it is applied to like material. Although applicant has shown and described only one part of’ a given article of furniture that may be constructed in accordance with the inven of ‘a thickness and lengthrto receive and embed an end portion of said hook plate, and means forming a part of the embedded portion adapted tion, and inusuch partphas shownonly one form of reinforcement, it will be apparent to those ‘skilled in, the art thatthe invention is applicable to the manufacture of parts of other articlesof furniture in the manner taught herein and such application or modi?cation thereof is therefore contemplated insofar as it is within, the spirit and‘scope of the invention as setout in the any ‘ support member comprising'a web portion, inte gral topand bottom ledges terminating opDQsite in either the rib 16 or web H, or both, is such as, to add only immaterially to theweight of the rail, and since it iscompletely embedded, pre.— sents no unsightly appearance. , _j5.~In_ an article of furniture, a channel-like drawing, at the webs to provide horizontal and vertical parts 26 and 21. In this instance, the parts 26. and 21 take the place of the rods 22, illustrated in Fig. 4; 4. A support member comprisinga web portion, correspondingright angleflanges terminating op~ to anchor said hook plate to said solid end. 65 17..In an article of furniture, a channel-like‘ support’ member comprising a web portion, inte gral top and bottomledges terminating opposite edges of said support, solid end portions on said member, hook plates having their ends embedded insaid end portions, at least one rib intermediate the solid end portions, saidrib being made inte Having thus set forth my invention what _I claim as new and for which I desire protectionby 70 gral with said web and the top and bottom ledges‘ and terminating substantially flush with at least Letters Patent is: ‘ nexed claims. v 3, / ‘ 1.'In anarticle of furniture, a support member, comprising a web‘, portion, likeledrges terminate one. of the ledges. . . .. . . ' V . -'CLINTQN' L. ‘STEVENS.