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Патент USA US2407941

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Sept. 17, 1946.
Filed April 19, 1944
6712117222 L. Jim/em’
Patented Sept. 17, 1946
Clinton L. Stevens, Jamestown, N. Y.
Application April 19, 1944, Serial No. 531,728
7 Claims. (01. 5-286)
This invention relates to an improvement in
manufactured articles of furniture, and more
particularly to individual parts thereof.
More speci?cally the invention pertains to
manufactured parts that comprise and are as
sembled into articles of furniture, and for a fuller
understanding of its purpose, the invention is
embodied in a supporting rail, such, for example,
be subsequently ornamented, painted, or veneered
to simulate any desired material or color. The
rail is so constructed as to provide adequate
strength and at the same time is of considerably
less weight than its currently manufactured
counterpart in either wood or metal.
Other objects and'advantages of the invention
will become apparent from a consideration of the
as the side rail of a bedstead.
following speci?cation, taken in conjunction with
For some time in the past it has been common 10 the accompanying drawing, wherein one appli
practice to manufacture comparatively thin
cation of use of the invention is shown; and in
sheets from cellulose ?ber to provide rough or
?nished covering for walls and the like. These
Fig. 1 is a fragmentary perspective view of one '
sheets are commercially available in varying
end of a bed rail embodying the invention, parts
thicknesses; the thicker sheets being more porous 15 being broken away to disclose the method of an
and usually serving as an insulating board, and
choring a bed hook thereto; ,
the thinner sheets, being more highly compressed
Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional view taken sub
and dense, serving as a ?nishing board. So far
stantially on the line 2—2 of Fig. 1;
as is known, no effort has been made to provide a
Fig. 3 is a further vertical sectional View simi
bond for the cellulose ?bers of a wall board to give 20 lar to Fig. 2, showing the application of a veneer
it strength beyond that required in the erection
or other ?nishing material to the side and top
of walls or partitions. In other words, wall board
surfaces of a rail;
manufactured from cellulose ?bers has been en
Fig. 4 is a vertical sectional view taken sub
tirely in sheet form and without structural design
stantially on the line 4-4 of Fig. 1 and shows one
by which to give such strength as to render it ca 25 form of reinforcement that may be embedded in
pable of serving to support a weight other than
the rail ribs to give added strength;
its own. It is a purpose of the present invention
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary side elevational. view
to illustrate and describe one of several uses to
of the rail shown in Fig. 1, parts being broken
which pressed, properly bonded, cellulose ?bers
away to disclose a form of reinforcement appli
may be put when designed to give structural 30 cable to the web portion of ‘the rail; and
strength that heretofore was provided through
Fig. 6 is a vertical sectional view taken substan
the use of additional structural members formed
tially on the line 6-6 of Fig. 5 and shows a fur
from wood or metal.
ther reinforcement for the rib, together with the
In the present illustrated form, the invention
location of the web reinforcement.
is directed to a side rail of a bedstead. This rail
Referring more particularly to the drawing,
consists of cellulose ?bers held together in com
the reference numeral [0 is employed to generally
pressed relationship with a binder that is of such
designate the side rail of a bed in which is em
nature as to give added strength to the ?bers,
bodied one form of the invention. This rail is
such a binder being available in several of the
formed from suitably bonded cellulose ?bers,
commercial synthetic resins. The advantages 40 being made into rail form in a mold under appli
of a structural member of this nature are many;
cation of heat and pressure. The rail comprises
namely, the utilization of a material or substance
a vertical web portion l l which is located towards
that is largely waste, and with a suitable bond
the outer or exposed side, and this web portion
ing agent, molding this material into the form of
connects, and is, of course, integral with top-and
parts of an article of furniture. Thus, although 45 bottom ledges l2 and i3. As illustrated in Fig. 2
the parts of the article are molded, they, never
of the drawing, the rail has the appearance of a
theless, being formed from wood ?bers, will have
channel, and it is proposed, in order to give neces
the general appearance of wood, as well as its
sary structural support to the top and bottom
warmth, as distinguishedfrom metal. Addition
ledges ‘l2 and I3, that the ends M be the full
ally, by molding such parts, the manufacturer is 50 rail depth. Intermediate the ends M, a suitable
limited in design or pattern only to the extent
number of ribs I6 are provided. ‘ These ribs are,
of the design of the mold,,and even this design
of course, integral not only with the web portion
may be altered by further work, following removal
1 l, but with the top and bottom ledges l2 and i3 ‘
from the mold. Thus, for example, a rail may
as well, and they serve,‘ when provided in suit
be produced in a mold of given contour and may 55 able number, to give such supportto the top ledge
portions on said member, a plate partially embed
ded in each of said end portions and having hook
to the lower ledge 13 that it may be utilized as a
support for the ends of cross-slats which, in oertain types of beds, serve to mount a spring.
End plates I‘! are embedded in and secured to
elements extending therebeyond, intermediate
ribs connecting the ledges of said member, said
ribs, ledges and'web portion being integral and
said ribs serving to rigidify said ledges.
the rail ends I4 during the molding operation.
2. In an article of furniture, a channel-like sup
These plates may be notched in one or more
port member comprising a web portion, integral
places, as indicated at l8, for the, purposeiof van
choring them and prev'entingitheirsubsequent
ing opposite edges of said portion, full depth end
I 2 that it may be readily used to support a spring.
Additionally, the ribs 16 give such added strength
top and bottom ledges terminating opposite edges
of said portion, end portions substantially the
full depth and height of said member, hook plates
"having their ends embedded in said end portions,‘
dislodgment from the ‘rail ends.‘ Each'plate is
also formed with one or more hooks l9 and in
clined slots 2| by which to secure the rail end ‘ '
The ' _ a plurality of ribs intermediate the end portions,
to the head or foot-board of a bedstead.
each of said ribs being integral with said web and
the top and bottom ledges and terminating sub
stantially flush with the ledges.
particular type of hook l9 formsno part of the
It is contemplated that certain types of _arti-‘
3., In an article of furniture, a support mem
cles of furniture are subjected to greater struc-_
ber having solid ends, hook plates having their
ends permanently joined to said solid ends, said
tural strain than are other articles, and in the
presentillustration it would be true that the rails
member,v intermediate its?ends, being channel- I
of singlebeds would normally be required to stand
like in cross section, the sides of the channelcon
upunder a lesser weight than would the rails of
stituting .top and bottom ledges, a plurality of
a three-quarter or double bed. Under such cir
spaced ribs formed integral with said ledges and
cumstances, it is contemplated to provide a struc
tural reinforcementinthe rail atsuch points, or 25 the connecting web of the channel, each of said
ribs','in cross'section, beingiwedge-shaped with
throughout its length, as may be found necessary
the-wider part at the web of the channel and ‘the
to give added strength. In Fig. 4 of the drawing
narrow. edge terminating substantially ?ush with
a metal rod or' wire 22 is shown. 7 This Wire .is
the free edges of the'top and bottom ledges.
intended to give reinforcement to the rib l5 and
is of such proportions and shape asto act as a 30
tie between the ledges l2: and I3 andthe rib-i6.
posite edges of said web portion and cooperating
therewith to form a channel, 'solid ends on said
channel, hook plates having their ends perma
nently- joined-tothe solid ends,; a plurality of
spaced apart ribsformed integral with the web
and flanges, each of said ribs having an edge
Additionally, it is contemplated to provide rein
forcement for the webll, and one form of such
reinforcement is shown in Fig. 5 of the drawing,
wherein permanently secured, verticaland hori
zontal wire rods ,23 and.24 .are utilized. The
number of such rods .may. be increased over that
shown, and it is ‘contemplated, in lieu .of the use
of such rods, to utilize expanded sheet metal.
With use of rods as a reinforcement it is possible
to continue them, as illustrated in Fig. 6 of the
terminating within the limits of said channel, and
means forming a part of each of said ribs serving
tov reinforce the integral, connection with said
The metal reinforcement. i
As is suggested in Figs. 3 and ,4 of the drawing,
the rail, ,along its web ,II and topledge .I2,'may
edges of ‘said portion, atleast one end of said
member being, solid, an attachment element ex
tending in the ,direction of the length of said
member, said element having a'portion embedded
in said solid end, and a further portion extend
ing therebeyond and, providing fastening means
for said member to another element of the‘ article
' of furniture.
be covered with a veneer that will'match the
6. In an article of furniture, a channel-like
material from which a head andfoot-board are
constructed. Theapplication of the veneer is a
support member comprising a web portion‘,,inte
gral top and bottom flanges-terminating opposite
simple matter and its permanency is assured,
edges of said web portion, a hook plate extending
in the direction'of the length of said memberLan
end ofv said channel-like member being solid and]
since it is applied to like material.
Although applicant has shown and described
only one part of’ a given article of furniture that
may be constructed in accordance with the inven
of ‘a thickness and lengthrto receive and embed
an end portion of said hook plate, and means
forming a part of the embedded portion adapted
tion, and inusuch partphas shownonly one form
of reinforcement, it will be apparent to those
‘skilled in, the art thatthe invention is applicable
to the manufacture of parts of other articlesof
furniture in the manner taught herein and such
application or modi?cation thereof is therefore
contemplated insofar as it is within, the spirit
and‘scope of the invention as setout in the any
support member comprising'a web portion, inte
gral topand bottom ledges terminating opDQsite
in either the rib 16 or web H, or both, is such as,
to add only immaterially to theweight of the
rail, and since it iscompletely embedded, pre.—
sents no unsightly appearance.
_j5.~In_ an article of furniture, a channel-like
drawing, at the webs to provide horizontal and
vertical parts 26 and 21. In this instance, the
parts 26. and 21 take the place of the rods 22,
illustrated in Fig. 4;
4. A support member comprisinga web portion,
correspondingright angleflanges terminating op~
to anchor said hook plate to said solid end.
17..In an article of furniture, a channel-like‘
support’ member comprising a web portion, inte
gral top and bottomledges terminating opposite
edges of said support, solid end portions on said
member, hook plates having their ends embedded
insaid end portions, at least one rib intermediate
the solid end portions, saidrib being made inte
Having thus set forth my invention what _I
claim as new and for which I desire protectionby 70 gral with said web and the top and bottom ledges‘
and terminating substantially flush with at least
Letters Patent is: ‘
nexed claims.
1.'In anarticle of furniture, a support member,
comprising a web‘, portion, likeledrges terminate
one. of the ledges.
.. . .
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