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Sept._24, 194s. _
_
2,408,071 `
\ CIM. JAHN ¿
ADJUSTABLE HINGE
FiledAug. 9; 194s-
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Sept. 24,- 1946.; '
2,408,071
c. M. .uM-1NADJUSTABLE HINGE
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
Filed Aug. 9, 1945
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Inventor' ~
Clarence #1A/’012mÈ
2,408,071
Patented Sept. 24, 1946
UNITEDÍsTAi-‘es PATENT ¿OFFICE
Ill., assignor to Fire
'Clarence'
M; Jahn, Chicago,
rcraft Corporation,
a corporation of Illinois.
' Application August 9, 1943, ASerial No. 497,884:V
6 claims.
(o1. 16-129) ' ~ ~
This invention relates to adjustable hinges,
more particularly those for supporting doors of
substantial weight.
The invention is particularly adapted, but is
not limited, to the adjustable support of sound
proof doors employed in buildings tending to set
Fig. 6 is similarV to Fig. 4 but is less broken
away and also shows how a door mountedon the
hinge construction cooperates with a door frame;
and
Fig. 7 is a fragmentary sectional View of a
modified form of hinge strap eye and bearing
tle, or subject to considerable vibration, such as
those in which aircraft engines and other parts
therefor.
Y
While there is shown and described herein cer
tain specific structure embodying the invention,
are tested, and where machinery is operated. As 10 it will be manifest to those skilled in the art that
various modifications and rearrangements of the
a result of uneven settling of the building,` vibra
parts may be made without departing from the
tion and other causes, the door frames of such
scope of the invention, and that the same is not
buildings sometimes become warped, so that for
a displace
limited to the particular forms herein disclosed.
Referring now more particularly to the draw
ment of the doors relative to the frames, with 15
ings, there is shown at 2B a wall such as, for ex
a resultant drop in eiîicieney of the sound-proof
ample, a concrete wall having a vdoor frame 22
ing between the door and the frame. The inven--
one reason or another there occurs
tion also has to do with refrigerator and other
Sometimes, due to improper preparation
of the parts to be installed, manufacturing tol
erances, etc.; if no nexibility of installation of the
door were possible. the door would be mounted
in improper or inefficientl sealing relation to the
at a side of which arehinge bracketsupporting
plates 24 adjacent the upper and lower ends 2S
of the hinge stile 30 of the frame. if desired, the
hinge brackets may be bolted directly to the wall
or to the frame itself. >The frame 22 is adapted
to receive a door 32 supported by means of upper
and lower hinge straps ~ 34.
These- straps are
frame.
`
bolted as at 38 or otherwise suitably secured to
It is accordingly an object
of my invention vto
the door 32 _and connected to a'pintle bracket Ml>
provide a hingesupport for a door enabling ad
The number of straps may bel
justments to be made at the time of installation
as will appear.
and thereafter from time to time in various di
variedY as desired.
y
The pintle bracket 4l) is preferably bolted or
rections yto establish and to reestablish any de
as at ¿l2` to the respective sup
sired relation between thedoor and thev asso- ï, , otherwisesecured
or to the wall or frame, as the
porting plate 24Said
ciated frame.
bracket is preferably in the
Additional objects are to provide' an adjust
case may be.
and lower arms
able hinge construction which is extremely
simple, embodying a minimum. ‘of parts which
may be produced inexpensively and readily as- „
readily acces-V t
*form of a casting and has upper
44 with substantially registering holes'ßß there
through. Above the upper hole 46 and below the
sembled and disassembled, and is
sible for adjustment at all times.
Another object is'to provide a universally ad
lower hole 45 is a cavity 48 having a back wall
50 and two side lwalls 52 and open at the front
justable door hinge construction.
to provide a door hinger
A further object is
ceiling 54 of the lower arm and the floor 5S of
the upper arm are serrated as shown at 51 sub
stantially from one to the other of the side walls
or lugs 52.
is provided an adjust
construction enabling the door to be adjusted in
a direction transverse to the hinge axis.
Further objects and advantages of the inven
tion will appear as the description> proceeds.
The invention will be better understood upon
reference to the following description and the
accompanying drawings, in which:
Fig. l is a fragmentary elevation of a door
and at the top and bottom, respectively. The
For each cavity is there
ing block 58 having a bore 60 substantially
smaller than the openings 45 in the pintle
bracket arms Mi and adapted to slidably fit the
shank E2 of a pintle bolt 64 and having in one
face thereof serrations 65 adapted to interfit with
the serrations 51 of the pintle bracket 40. The
length and width of the adjusting block 58 are
mounted in accordance with my invention;
Fig. 2 is a fragmentaryvelevation showing the to
both substantially less than the length and width,
hinge mounting in detail;
respectively, of the ceiling 54 and the door 56,
Figs. 3 and 4 are fragmentary sectional views
and the adjusting block accordingly may be ad
taken as indicated by the lines 3-3 and 4-4, re
justed toward and away. from the back wall 50
n
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary perspective view of the 55 of eachl opening 48 and toward and awayv from
spectively, in Fig. 2‘; ' "
hinge mounting;
f " -`
»
3
2,408,071
the respective side walls 52 of the bracket, with
in the limits determined by the wall of each
opening 46, cooperating with the shank 62 of the
pintle bolt 64. The walls 52 of each opening 48
ilarcontinuous gasket |04 adapted similarly to
are tapped at 10 and receive set screws 12 adapted
of the door frame. As has 4been indicated above,
to clampingly engage opposite edge faces 'I4 of
the adjusting block 58 to securely maintain the
there may be such a relative displacement of
the door and frame as to materially reduce the
portion of the door may be provided with a sim
cooperate with a continuous corner portion |66
eñîciency of the sound-prooiing or heat insulating
same in the desired position of adjustment. The
set screws may be of the socket head or any other
suitable type. Although I have shown two set 10
struction described above and shown on the draw
screws in each wall 52, placed so as to be effective
ings to reestablish the proper relation between
irrespective of the adjustment of the adjusting
the door and the frame.
block, obviously one or any other suitable num
Various modifications may suggest themselves
ber of set screws, suitably spaced, could be pro
vided in each wall 52. The screws will positively 15 to those skilled in the art without departing
prevent shifting of the block parallel to the
from the spirit of my invention, and, hence, I
do not wish to be restricted to the specific form
grooves or serrations, and, with the nut 16, will
shown or uses mentioned, except to the extent
prevent the blocks from movement away from the
>indicated in the appended claims.
serrated surfaces 56 so that, once the device is
AI claim:
set up, it is impossible for the pintle bolt to shift
1. In an adjustable hinge, a pintle support
accidentally relative to the pintle bracket.
comprising arms having substantially alined
Each hinge strap 34 has an eye 80 through
holes for receiving a pintle, means for securing
which the shank 62 of the pintle lbolt 64 passes,
said arms to a wall, said arms being spaced
between the arms 44 of the pintle bracket.
apart to accommodate `between them the eye of
overall height of the eye is substantially less
25 a door hinge strap, said holes being oversize to
than the distance between the arms 44, and ac
permit a pintle therein to be adjusted laterally
cordingly suitable spacing means is placed about
relative to its axis, each arm having corruga
the shank and between the eye and the arms 44.
tions about its hole at the surface thereof re
The eye may be formed in any suitable manner.
In the form of the invention shown in Figs. l 30 mote from said space, the corrugations at each
surface being paralle1 to those at the other sur
to 6, the eye maybe formed by curling the hinge
face, lugs adjacent the ends of the corrugations
strap 34 and rests on an end thrust bearing 82
and projecting away from said space, set screws
'under which are disposed two or any other suit
in said lugs, and adjusting blocks having pintle
able number of shims or washers S14. Four or
receiving holes substantially smaller than the
any other suitable number of additional washers
arm holes and having corrugated surfaces en
84 are disposed between the top of the eye and
the upper arm 44.
gageable with the corrugated surfaces of the re
spective arms, each block being shorter, in the
I have already explained how each adjusting
block may be adjusted in two directions at right
direction of the corrugations, than the space be
angles to each. other, both normal to the axis 40 tween the associated lugs, said blocks being
of the holes 45 in the arms 44. It is possible
shiftable free of said arms and transversely to
said corrugations and reengageable with said
for either block 58 to be adjusted dilîerently
from the other block 58, due to the tolerances
arms at locations removed from the previous
-between the blocks and the bolt and between
locations, with corrugated portions of said blocks
the washers 84 and the bolt, so that the bolt 45 and arms again mutually engaged, opposite por
may be secured with its axis inclined to the axis
tions of each block, in all adjustments thereof,
of the holes 46. It is also possible to adjust the
being engageable by the associated screws so that
eye Bil upward or downward. Thus, to adjust
each block may be held in the desired adjust
ment relative to the associated arm.
the eye downward, the nut 'l5 is removed, the
bolt 64 is raised until the free end thereof is
2. In an adjustable hinge, a pintle support
suiliciently high to enable one of the lower 50 comprising arms having substantially alined
washers 84 to be shifted to the upper group of
holes for receiving a pintle, means for securing
washers d4, and the bolt is reinserted and secured
said arms to a wall, said arms being spaced
by the nut 16. To adjust the eye upward, this
apart to accommodate ybetween them the eye of
same procedure is followed except that one of
a
door hinge strap, said holes being oversize to
the upper washers is shifted to the lower group 55
of washers. The eye 80 can thereby be adjusted
in a direction parallel to the bolt.
Thus it is apparent that with my novel ad
justable hinge construction it is possible to ad
just the pintle bolts toward or away from the 60 lugs adjacent the ends of the corrugations and
wall, toward or away from the door frame and
projecting away from said space, set screws in
up or down.
said lugs, and adjusting blocks having pintle
Instead of forming the eye by curling an end
receiving holes substantially smaller than the
of the strap 34, I may cast the strap as shown 65 arm holes and having corrugated surfaces en
at 95 and form the same with an eye 92 counter
gageable with the corrugated surfaces of the
sunk at 94 to receive combined end and radial
respective arms, each block `being shorter, in the
thrust bearings 96 which preferably project
direction of the corrugations, than the space be
slightly above and below the eye for unhampered
tween the associated lugs, said blocks being shift
engagement with adjacent adjusting washers.
` arms and transversely to said
It will be observed that in one form of door 70 corrugations and reengageable with said arms at
installation to which the invention is adapted,
'
locations removed from the previous locations,
with corrugated portions of said blocks and
there may be provided in the door framea con.
tinuous gasket
arms again mutually engaged, opposite portions
lûß adapted to engage an >inner
corner portion |02 of the door, and an Youter 75 of each block, in all adjustments thereof, being
engageable by the associated screws so that each
2,408,071
5
block may .be held rinv the desired adjustment
relative to the associated arm, each block being
exposed beyond said lugs for all positions of said
block to enable said block to be grasped between
the thumb and a finger to facilitate installation,
adjustment and removal of each block.
able by the associated screws so that each block
may be held in the desired adjustment relative
to the associated arm.
3. In an adjustable hinge, a pintle support
comprising
~
5. In an adjustable hinge, a pintle support
comprising arms having substantially alined holes
for receiving a pintle, means for securing said
arms to a wall, said arms being spaced apart
arms having substantially - alined
h'oles for receiving a pintle, means for securing
said arms to a wall, said arms being spaced apart
to accommodate between them the eye of a door
hinge strap, said holes being oversize to permit
a pintle therein -to be adjusted laterally relative
arm having corrugations about,`
to its axis, each
its hole at the surface thereof remote from said
space, the corrugations at each surface being
to accommodate between them the eye of a door
hinge strap, said Yholes being oversize to per
mit a pintle therein to be adjusted laterally rela
tive to its axis, eacharm having corrugations
about its hole at the surface thereof remote from
said space, set screws carried in association with
parallel to those at the other surface, lugs adja-l
cent the ends of the corrugations and project
vsaid arms, and adjusting blocks having pintle
receiving holes substantially smaller than the
arm holes and having corrugated surfaces en
gageable with the corrugated surfaces ofthe re
spective arms, said blocks being shiftable free of
said arms and transversely to said corrugations
holes substantially smaller than the arm holes
and reengageable with said arms at locations re
moved from the previous locations, with corru
gated portions of said blocks and arms again mu
and having corrugated surfaces engageable with
tually engaged, opposite portions of each block,
ing away from said space, set screws in said lugs,
and adjusting blocks having pintle-receiving
in all adjustments thereof, being engageable by
the corrugated surfaces of the respective arms,
the associated screws so that each block may be
each block being shorter, in the direction of the
corrugations, than the space between the asso 25 held in the desired adjustment relative to the
ciated lugs, said blocks being shiftable free of
associated arm, each block being exposed for all
said arms and transversely to said corrugations
positions of said block to enable said block to
be grasped between the'thumb and a finger to
and reengageable with' said arms at locations re
facilitate installation, adjustment and removal of
moved frorn the previous locations, with the cor
30
rugated portions of said blocks and arms again
each block.
Y
6. In an adjustable hinge, a pintle support com
mutually engaged, opposite portions of each
prising arms having substantially alined holes
blocky in all adjustments thereof, being engage
for receiving a pintle, means for securing said
able by the associated screws so that each block
arms to a wall,.said armsbeing spaced apart to
may be held in the desired adjustment relative to
the associated arm, each block being exposed be 35 accommodate between them the eyerof a door
hinge strap, said holes being oversize to permit
yond said lugs for all positions of said block to
a pintle therein to be adjusted laterally relative
enable said block to be grasped between the
to its axis, each arm having corrugations about
thumb and a finger to facilitate installation, ad
justment and removal of each block, and a wall
its hole at the surface thereof remote from said
40
engaging portion extending from each arm away
space,lugs adjacent the ends of the corrugations
from said space and united with said lugs for
and projecting away from said space, set screws
in said lugs, and adjusting blocks having pintle
reinforcing said arm.
4:.,In an adjustable hinge, a pintle support
receiving holes substantially smaller than the
comprising arms having substantially alined
arm holes and having corrugated surfaces en
holes for receiving a p'ntle, means for securing
Vgageable with the corrugated surfaces of the re
said arms to a wall, said arms being spaced apart
spective arms, each block being shorter, in the ~
corrugations, than the space be-`
to accommodate between them the eye of a door
direction of the
hinge strap, said holes being oversize to permit
tween -the associated lugs, said blocks being shift
a pintle therein to be adjusted laterally relative
able free of said arms and transversely to said
to its axis, each arm having corrugations about 50 corrugations and reengageable with said arms
its hole at the surface thereof remote from said
at locations removed from the previous locations,
space, set screws carried in association with said
with the corrugated portions of said blocks and
arms, and adjusting blocks having pintle-receiv
ing holes substantially smaller than the arm
holes and having ycorrugated surfaces engageable
with the corrugated surfaces of the respective
arms, said blocks being shiftable free of said
arms and transversely Ito said'corrugations and
arms again mutually engaged, opposite portions
of each block, in all adjustments thereof, being
engageable by the associated screws so that each
block may be held in the desired adjustment
relative to the associated arm, and a wall-engag
_ ing portion extending from each arm away from
reengageable with said arms at locations re
said space and united with said lugs for reinforc
moved from the previous locations, with corru 60 ing said arm.
'
' CLARENCE M. JAHN.
gated portions of said blocks and arms againy
mutually engaged, opposite portions of each
block, in all adjustments thereof, being engage
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