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Патент USA US2408146

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Sept. 24, 1946.'
I
E. 1.._ JOHNSON
GARMENT HANGER
Filed Oct. 30, 1944
2,408,145
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Patented Sept. 24, 1946
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2,408,145
Appueation oetober’so, 1944',~seria11vo.561,i19 _ I
'1 6 Claims‘. (01. 223-;96)
1
.‘clampelements I2 and‘ I3, are preferably,
w This invention relates to an improved garment
hanger and has for an object the provision, of
such a, device‘ which is particularly adapted ,for
manufacture. by molding‘ of thermoplastic and
duplicatesv so‘that they may be‘ formed in the '
same : molding.
rdie.
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many of'theusual mechanical operations, such
as machining, cutting,_ welding, painting and as
sembly,‘ incidental to theiproduction of similar
,
,
,
.
These elements include, a‘
bodylportion?l, which is preferably shaped to
conform .to theecontour of the carrier portion
22 of the‘ suspension element“, and integral
clamping ?ngers 32 and.33. The clamping ?ngers
beingIormed'to register with the abutment ?n
gers 23 "and 24, and preferably of similar shape
1 similar materials, thusobviating the necessity for
devices.
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" Another important object isvto provide such a 10 except thatthey may be slightly curved inwardly >
device having anti-friction bearings facilitating
toward theirlower extremitiesas shown to in
ease of operation, and which is readily secured
creasel their gripping capacity. Longitudinal
grooves '34‘, may likewise be formed on the inside
in assembled relationship, by means of'interen
gagement of , the'parts in cooperation with the
facesiof thei?ngers 32 and 33,..for maxim
spring or'elastic means for applying clamping
gripping e?iciency.
pressure.
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~ The above described parts II; I2 and I3, may
be .moldedlcomp’lete oiany suitable plastic mate- -
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, Other objects, suchfas', the economy ‘of manu
facture will beapparentas the invention is better
rialikor may Joe-cast in metal upon occasion.
i- Theactuating spring I4, may be a helical ten
understood from the,f_ollowing description, which,
taken , in, connection with the 1 accompanying 20 sion‘ spring asshown or any suitable elastic or
'y'ie'l'dable element capable‘ of effecting clamping
drawing, ‘discloses ‘ an vembodiment ~thereof.
E'Referringto the
drawing:
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action byeither tension or compression.
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Figure 1 is anelevational view,,illustrating' an
embodiment offthe invention."
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- ..In ‘accordance with a feature of the invention,
pivot or fulcrum bearings M are provided‘ to
.
Fig. 2 is an end elevational view, viewing Fig. 1 25 form a'pivotal connection between the suspension
elei'nent II, and the clamp elements I2 and I3.
In‘ the present embodiment these bearings are
formed by knife-edge protuberances formed in
3.—3.in,Fig. 1, showing‘details of construction.
“Fig.4 is a section taken'substantially ‘on line
tegral with the carrier portion 22 of the suspen
4-'—4, in Fig. 1,] ‘further illustratingv details of 30 sion element II, these are located directly above
and intermediate the ends of the abutment ?n
Fig. 5 is a similar view, illustrating operation of
gers-23 and 24, see Figs. 1‘ and 3. One of the
the latching means; and,
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bearings 4| is provided for each one of the clamp
Fig. 6 is a perspective view, showing the latch
?ngers 32 and 33, and companion V shaped sock
plate in detaiL,
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35 ets :42, including obtuse angles, are formed in
corresponding. positions in the clamp’ elements
To illustrate the invention I have shown a
garment hanger including,.a suspension element
I2 andg'lz3 to cooperate therewith. These sockets
42 are preferably of vjust suf?cient length to re‘
II, clamp elements I 2 and I3_,,an actuating spring
from the left.
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Fig. 3 is a section taken. substantially on line
construction.
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I4, anda latch plate?l5. . ‘I
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ceive the bearing III so that when they are en
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. The suspension elementl I,’ is preferablyof sub
40 gaged therein, registration of the clamp ?ngers
stantially uniform thickness and includes a suit?
with the- abutment ?ngers ,will be effected.
able hook portion 2I,_by means of "which the de',-',
: ;Adjacent3 and preferably beneath the bearings
vice may be engagedlwithiany suitable support,
4| -_and the sockets 42,-the suspension element II
I a’ carrier. portion 22 preferably, of suitable: width
anditheclamp-elements I2 and I 3,are apertured
for engagement in a; coat orla similar garment 45 in alignmentto ‘form a substantially continuous
and having‘slightly rounded,v ends, and depend
bore 43, for,‘ receiving the actuating springs I4,
ing abutment ?ngers 23 and 24, formed integral
as shown, Figs. 1 and 3.
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therewith and being spaced apart to provide an
The springs I4 ,may be interlockingly. secured
intermediate clearance channel 25, as shown,
50 in operative relationship by means of suitable
anchor pins 45,, engaged in the looped ends of the
A serrated effect may be produced on the side
springs .I4 :and seated in suitable sockets 46,
faces of the abutment ?ngers 23 and 24, for
formed in, the clamp elements I2 and I3 adja
increasing the vholding efficiency thereof, ‘by
formingv a plurality of horizontally disposed
grooves 26 therein, as shown.
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j' 55
cent the bores 43, as shown.
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Suitable abutments 41 may be P¥Qvided for
2,408,145
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I claim:
limiting the closing movement of the clamping
?ngers 32 and 33 upon occasion.
1. A garment hanger comprising, a suspension
element having a carrier portion provided with
Latching means is provided for retaining the
clamping ?ngers 32 and 33 in open position as
spaced depending abutment ?ngers, a pair of du
plicate clamp elements for cooperation there-.
illustrated in Fig. 5. This means includes the
latch plate I5 and cooperating formations 0n the
with in hanging garments, each having a body
portion shaped to conform to the contour of
the carrier portion of said suspension element
suspension element II and the clamp elements
I2 and I3, as illustrated in Figs. 1, 4, and 5. The
plate [5 is an elongated and relativelythin strip
of flem'blei-material, such as‘spring ‘steel, which is
perforated to provide a centrally located regis
tration aperture 5|, and two latching apertures
52, laterally disposed with respect to the registrae
tion aperture 5|. While the apertures 5| and 52
are of rectangular form in the present embodi
ment it will be obvious that their form» is 'de-~
10
and ‘having depending clamping ?ngers disposed
in registration with the abutment ?ngers there
on, and yieldable means for effecting clamping
1action, said clamp elements being disposed on
opposite sides of said suspension element and
‘ ~ ‘being retained in operative registration therewith
15 by means of pivot bearing connections formed in
part integralwith the carrier portion of said sus
termined by the cooperating elements and ‘that j
pension element and functioning in cooperation
therefore they may have other suitable forms.
with the yieldable means for effecting clamping
A rectangular aperture 53 is formed substan
action.
tially at the center of the carrier portion 22 of 20
2. A garment hanger’ comprising, a suspension
the suspension element I I, for receiving the plate
element provided with knife-‘edge " fulcrum bear
I5, and an integral perpendicularly disposed pin
ing forming means‘ arranged'in spaced relation
54, is located at the center of 'the aperture 53.
ship and in pairs‘ oppositely disposed ‘with respect
The pin 54 is formed to ?t snugly into the regis
to said suspensionelemeht, cooperating clamp ele
tration aperture 5], so that upon assembly, the
ments havingspa'ced V shaped cavities‘therein
plate I5 is interlockingly secured against relative
for receiving the bearing forming 'means in reg‘:
movement in the plane of the plate thereby.
is'tered relationship ‘whereby substantially 'f'ric-'
Latch lugs 55 are formed on the clamp ele
tio‘nless clamping action is facilitated and regis;
ments I2v and I3 'for. engagement in the latch
tration is retained, and yielding means arranged
ing apertures 52, as illustrated in Figs. 1 and. 5.
to apply continuous pressure at the fulcrum bear
- Suitable actuating levers 56 are formed on the, -
clamp elements I2 and I3, and the suspension ele
ment I I may be relieved as at 51., to permit maxi
ings and similar clamping pressure to 'said clamp
elements.
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3. A garment hanger comprising, ‘a ‘suspension
mum opening ‘of the clamping ?ngers 32 and 33.
element provided with knife-edge ‘fulcrum bear
The entire garment hanger is formed of three 35 ing forming means arranged ‘in spaced relation
relatively simple molded parts. .I~I',, I2 and I3, two
ship and in pairs oppositely disposed with respect
helical springs I4 with looped ends, four short
to said suspension element, cooperating clamp
plain round pins 45, and one- simple stamping.
elements having spaced ‘V ‘shaped cavities therein
These parts are ‘assembled by engaging the latch
for receiving the bearing forming means in reg
.plate I5 with the pin 54, then the clamp elements 40 istered relationship whereby ‘substantially fric
l2 and I3 with the fulcrum bearings M of the sus
tionless clamping action is ‘facilitated and regis
pensionelement I I, then inserting. the springs ‘I4.
tration is retained, and ‘yielding means arranged
in the bores 43., and then inserting the anchor
to apply continuous pressure at the ‘fulcrum bear
pins 45.
ings and similar clamping ‘pressure to ‘said clamp
When so assembled, the parts II., I2 and I3
elements, said yielding‘ means ‘including a helical
are ‘secured in operative relationship by the
spring extending through said suspension element
springs I4, and the latch plate I5 is operatively
and engaged with two ‘independent cooperating
interlocked between the bottom surfaces of the
clamp elements whereby "clamping tension is ap
latch lugs 55 and a body portion 58, of the sus
plied to the clamp element's simultaneously‘while
50 permitting independent operation thereof.
pension element II.
Pressure applied to one of the actuating levers
4. For association with a garment hanger of
56 moves the associated clamp element ‘about the
fulcrum bearings 4| against the action of the
springs M. The springs I4 are tensioned to exert
the character describe'd'i'ncluding a suspension
some force will be required to start the opening of
istration aperture therein ‘adapted for ‘interlock
ing engagement with the ‘suspension element of
said garment hanger and two laterally disposed
element, and clamp elements laterally disposed
with respect thereto, a latch device comprising,
clamping ‘force continuously or so that at least 55 a ?exible plate having a centrally ‘disposed ‘reg
the clamping ?ngers from fully closed position.
Upon movement ‘of the clamping ?nger 32 to
the position shown at the left in Fig. 5, the latch
‘ latch receiving apertures‘ ‘either one or both of
plate I5 snaps over the latch lug 55 to lock the 60 which may ‘be engaged by 'a'cl'amp‘eljement of‘ said
clamp element in the full open position. When
garment hanger, for latching the clamp elements
inpredetermined positions'upon occasion.
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suita'ble pressure is applied'to a projecting end
5.; For ‘association ‘with a garment hanger ‘o
59 of the latch plate by means of a ?nger, re
lease of the clamp element is e?ected. This 65 the character described including “a suspension
element, and clamp ‘elements laterally disposed
latching effect permits an operator to use both
with respect thereto, a latch device comprising,
hands for ?lling the clamping ?ngers or to ‘ar
a flexible plate having a centrally disposed latch
range garments therein.
registering aperture therein wherein the suspen
It is thought that the invention and many of
its attendant advantages will be understood from 70 sion element may be cooperatively engaged and
two other apertures laterally disposed with re
the foregoing description, and it will be appar
spect thereto and formed to receive cooperating
ent that various changes may be made in the
latch elements of "companion clamp ‘devices
form, construction, and arrangement of the parts
whereby the ‘clamp ‘devices may be latched in
without departing from the spirit and scope of
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75 predetermined positions.
the invention.
_ 2,408,145
6
6. For association with a garment hanger of
the character described including a suspension
element, and clamp elements laterally disposed
with respect thereto, a latch device comprising,
a flexible plate having a centrally disposed latch
registering aperture therein wherein the suspen
sion element may be cooperatively engaged and
two other apertures laterally disposed with are
spect thereto and formed to receive cooperating
latch elements of companion clamp devices
whereby the clamp devices may be latched in pre
determined positions, said ?exible plate being
arranged to snap into latching engagement with
the latch elements and for release by ?exing
manually.
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ELMER L. JOHNSON.
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