Патент USA US2408146код для вставки
Sept. 24, 1946.' I E. 1.._ JOHNSON GARMENT HANGER Filed Oct. 30, 1944 2,408,145 '' ~ Patented Sept. 24, 1946 _ 2,408,145 Appueation oetober’so, 1944',~seria11vo.561,i19 _ I '1 6 Claims‘. (01. 223-;96) 1 .‘clampelements I2 and‘ I3, are preferably, w This invention relates to an improved garment hanger and has for an object the provision, of such a, device‘ which is particularly adapted ,for manufacture. by molding‘ of thermoplastic and duplicatesv so‘that they may be‘ formed in the ' same : molding. rdie. ’ many of'theusual mechanical operations, such as machining, cutting,_ welding, painting and as sembly,‘ incidental to theiproduction of similar , , , . These elements include, a‘ bodylportion?l, which is preferably shaped to conform .to theecontour of the carrier portion 22 of the‘ suspension element“, and integral clamping ?ngers 32 and.33. The clamping ?ngers beingIormed'to register with the abutment ?n gers 23 "and 24, and preferably of similar shape 1 similar materials, thusobviating the necessity for devices. 1' 1; r " Another important object isvto provide such a 10 except thatthey may be slightly curved inwardly > device having anti-friction bearings facilitating toward theirlower extremitiesas shown to in ease of operation, and which is readily secured creasel their gripping capacity. Longitudinal grooves '34‘, may likewise be formed on the inside in assembled relationship, by means of'interen gagement of , the'parts in cooperation with the facesiof thei?ngers 32 and 33,..for maxim spring or'elastic means for applying clamping gripping e?iciency. pressure. . " . _ ' .. _. . : ~ The above described parts II; I2 and I3, may be .moldedlcomp’lete oiany suitable plastic mate- - v‘ , Other objects, suchfas', the economy ‘of manu facture will beapparentas the invention is better rialikor may Joe-cast in metal upon occasion. i- Theactuating spring I4, may be a helical ten understood from the,f_ollowing description, which, taken , in, connection with the 1 accompanying 20 sion‘ spring asshown or any suitable elastic or 'y'ie'l'dable element capable‘ of effecting clamping drawing, ‘discloses ‘ an vembodiment ~thereof. E'Referringto the drawing: " v ' V , ' action byeither tension or compression. ,_ Figure 1 is anelevational view,,illustrating' an embodiment offthe invention." " , . - ..In ‘accordance with a feature of the invention, pivot or fulcrum bearings M are provided‘ to . Fig. 2 is an end elevational view, viewing Fig. 1 25 form a'pivotal connection between the suspension elei'nent II, and the clamp elements I2 and I3. In‘ the present embodiment these bearings are formed by knife-edge protuberances formed in 3.—3.in,Fig. 1, showing‘details of construction. “Fig.4 is a section taken'substantially ‘on line tegral with the carrier portion 22 of the suspen 4-'—4, in Fig. 1,] ‘further illustratingv details of 30 sion element II, these are located directly above and intermediate the ends of the abutment ?n Fig. 5 is a similar view, illustrating operation of gers-23 and 24, see Figs. 1‘ and 3. One of the the latching means; and, ' ' ' ' bearings 4| is provided for each one of the clamp Fig. 6 is a perspective view, showing the latch ?ngers 32 and 33, and companion V shaped sock plate in detaiL, . v . ‘ 35 ets :42, including obtuse angles, are formed in corresponding. positions in the clamp’ elements To illustrate the invention I have shown a garment hanger including,.a suspension element I2 andg'lz3 to cooperate therewith. These sockets 42 are preferably of vjust suf?cient length to re‘ II, clamp elements I 2 and I3_,,an actuating spring from the left. ' , Q- ' > ’ Fig. 3 is a section taken. substantially on line construction. ' ’ _ ' I4, anda latch plate?l5. . ‘I ' , ceive the bearing III so that when they are en Y . The suspension elementl I,’ is preferablyof sub 40 gaged therein, registration of the clamp ?ngers stantially uniform thickness and includes a suit? with the- abutment ?ngers ,will be effected. able hook portion 2I,_by means of "which the de',-', : ;Adjacent3 and preferably beneath the bearings vice may be engagedlwithiany suitable support, 4| -_and the sockets 42,-the suspension element II I a’ carrier. portion 22 preferably, of suitable: width anditheclamp-elements I2 and I 3,are apertured for engagement in a; coat orla similar garment 45 in alignmentto ‘form a substantially continuous and having‘slightly rounded,v ends, and depend bore 43, for,‘ receiving the actuating springs I4, ing abutment ?ngers 23 and 24, formed integral as shown, Figs. 1 and 3. ; , ‘ therewith and being spaced apart to provide an The springs I4 ,may be interlockingly. secured intermediate clearance channel 25, as shown, 50 in operative relationship by means of suitable anchor pins 45,, engaged in the looped ends of the A serrated effect may be produced on the side springs .I4 :and seated in suitable sockets 46, faces of the abutment ?ngers 23 and 24, for formed in, the clamp elements I2 and I3 adja increasing the vholding efficiency thereof, ‘by formingv a plurality of horizontally disposed grooves 26 therein, as shown. v r 1 j' 55 cent the bores 43, as shown. - . ' Suitable abutments 41 may be P¥Qvided for 2,408,145 4 3 I claim: limiting the closing movement of the clamping ?ngers 32 and 33 upon occasion. 1. A garment hanger comprising, a suspension element having a carrier portion provided with Latching means is provided for retaining the clamping ?ngers 32 and 33 in open position as spaced depending abutment ?ngers, a pair of du plicate clamp elements for cooperation there-. illustrated in Fig. 5. This means includes the latch plate I5 and cooperating formations 0n the with in hanging garments, each having a body portion shaped to conform to the contour of the carrier portion of said suspension element suspension element II and the clamp elements I2 and I3, as illustrated in Figs. 1, 4, and 5. The plate [5 is an elongated and relativelythin strip of flem'blei-material, such as‘spring ‘steel, which is perforated to provide a centrally located regis tration aperture 5|, and two latching apertures 52, laterally disposed with respect to the registrae tion aperture 5|. While the apertures 5| and 52 are of rectangular form in the present embodi ment it will be obvious that their form» is 'de-~ 10 and ‘having depending clamping ?ngers disposed in registration with the abutment ?ngers there on, and yieldable means for effecting clamping 1action, said clamp elements being disposed on opposite sides of said suspension element and ‘ ~ ‘being retained in operative registration therewith 15 by means of pivot bearing connections formed in part integralwith the carrier portion of said sus termined by the cooperating elements and ‘that j pension element and functioning in cooperation therefore they may have other suitable forms. with the yieldable means for effecting clamping A rectangular aperture 53 is formed substan action. tially at the center of the carrier portion 22 of 20 2. A garment hanger’ comprising, a suspension the suspension element I I, for receiving the plate element provided with knife-‘edge " fulcrum bear I5, and an integral perpendicularly disposed pin ing forming means‘ arranged'in spaced relation 54, is located at the center of 'the aperture 53. ship and in pairs‘ oppositely disposed ‘with respect The pin 54 is formed to ?t snugly into the regis to said suspensionelemeht, cooperating clamp ele tration aperture 5], so that upon assembly, the ments havingspa'ced V shaped cavities‘therein plate I5 is interlockingly secured against relative for receiving the bearing forming 'means in reg‘: movement in the plane of the plate thereby. is'tered relationship ‘whereby substantially 'f'ric-' Latch lugs 55 are formed on the clamp ele tio‘nless clamping action is facilitated and regis; ments I2v and I3 'for. engagement in the latch tration is retained, and yielding means arranged ing apertures 52, as illustrated in Figs. 1 and. 5. to apply continuous pressure at the fulcrum bear - Suitable actuating levers 56 are formed on the, - clamp elements I2 and I3, and the suspension ele ment I I may be relieved as at 51., to permit maxi ings and similar clamping pressure to 'said clamp elements. ' I ' ' 3. A garment hanger comprising, ‘a ‘suspension mum opening ‘of the clamping ?ngers 32 and 33. element provided with knife-edge ‘fulcrum bear The entire garment hanger is formed of three 35 ing forming means arranged ‘in spaced relation relatively simple molded parts. .I~I',, I2 and I3, two ship and in pairs oppositely disposed with respect helical springs I4 with looped ends, four short to said suspension element, cooperating clamp plain round pins 45, and one- simple stamping. elements having spaced ‘V ‘shaped cavities therein These parts are ‘assembled by engaging the latch for receiving the bearing forming means in reg .plate I5 with the pin 54, then the clamp elements 40 istered relationship whereby ‘substantially fric l2 and I3 with the fulcrum bearings M of the sus tionless clamping action is ‘facilitated and regis pensionelement I I, then inserting. the springs ‘I4. tration is retained, and ‘yielding means arranged in the bores 43., and then inserting the anchor to apply continuous pressure at the ‘fulcrum bear pins 45. ings and similar clamping ‘pressure to ‘said clamp When so assembled, the parts II., I2 and I3 elements, said yielding‘ means ‘including a helical are ‘secured in operative relationship by the spring extending through said suspension element springs I4, and the latch plate I5 is operatively and engaged with two ‘independent cooperating interlocked between the bottom surfaces of the clamp elements whereby "clamping tension is ap latch lugs 55 and a body portion 58, of the sus plied to the clamp element's simultaneously‘while 50 permitting independent operation thereof. pension element II. Pressure applied to one of the actuating levers 4. For association with a garment hanger of 56 moves the associated clamp element ‘about the fulcrum bearings 4| against the action of the springs M. The springs I4 are tensioned to exert the character describe'd'i'ncluding a suspension some force will be required to start the opening of istration aperture therein ‘adapted for ‘interlock ing engagement with the ‘suspension element of said garment hanger and two laterally disposed element, and clamp elements laterally disposed with respect thereto, a latch device comprising, clamping ‘force continuously or so that at least 55 a ?exible plate having a centrally ‘disposed ‘reg the clamping ?ngers from fully closed position. Upon movement ‘of the clamping ?nger 32 to the position shown at the left in Fig. 5, the latch ‘ latch receiving apertures‘ ‘either one or both of plate I5 snaps over the latch lug 55 to lock the 60 which may ‘be engaged by 'a'cl'amp‘eljement of‘ said clamp element in the full open position. When garment hanger, for latching the clamp elements inpredetermined positions'upon occasion. “ . suita'ble pressure is applied'to a projecting end 5.; For ‘association ‘with a garment hanger ‘o 59 of the latch plate by means of a ?nger, re lease of the clamp element is e?ected. This 65 the character described including “a suspension element, and clamp ‘elements laterally disposed latching effect permits an operator to use both with respect thereto, a latch device comprising, hands for ?lling the clamping ?ngers or to ‘ar a flexible plate having a centrally disposed latch range garments therein. registering aperture therein wherein the suspen It is thought that the invention and many of its attendant advantages will be understood from 70 sion element may be cooperatively engaged and two other apertures laterally disposed with re the foregoing description, and it will be appar spect thereto and formed to receive cooperating ent that various changes may be made in the latch elements of "companion clamp ‘devices form, construction, and arrangement of the parts whereby the ‘clamp ‘devices may be latched in without departing from the spirit and scope of ' 75 predetermined positions. the invention. _ 2,408,145 6 6. For association with a garment hanger of the character described including a suspension element, and clamp elements laterally disposed with respect thereto, a latch device comprising, a flexible plate having a centrally disposed latch registering aperture therein wherein the suspen sion element may be cooperatively engaged and two other apertures laterally disposed with are spect thereto and formed to receive cooperating latch elements of companion clamp devices whereby the clamp devices may be latched in pre determined positions, said ?exible plate being arranged to snap into latching engagement with the latch elements and for release by ?exing manually. ~ ELMER L. JOHNSON.