close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Патент USA US2408249

код для вставки
Sept. 24, 1946
2,408,248
‘Q. c. BARBER
TREATING MACHINE
3 Sheets-Sheet 1
Filed Aug. 10, 1945
'85
84
62
78
Jig. / '
_
,
mmvrox;
QUAY cameras
7
BY
.
‘
4
+0L0wv£a0£l j
v
ATTORNEYS
-
Sept. 24, 1946,
O. c. BARBER
2,408,248 ‘
TREATING MACHINE
Filed Aug. 10, 1945
79
se
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
'
'33 84» an"
4
* -
You) “m
mmvrox.
QUAY G. BARBER
BY
MNLMJ;
' ATTORNEYS.
Sept. 24, 1946.
'
'
'
'
'
Q. c. BARBER
TREATING
.
2,408,248
MACHINE
Filed Aug. 10, 1945
‘
I
3 Sheéts-Sheet 3
(fig. 7.
66
uz
68
69
INVENTOR.
QUAY 0. BAR BER
ofwctw
.‘
ATTORNEYS
Patented Sept. 24,1946
; 2,408,248
_ UNITED‘ '1 sTArcs PATENT OFFICE
Quay C. BarbenyCleveland, Ohioi John
Burn-.
side administrator of s aid Quay G. Barber,v de-
'
ceased
Application August 10, 1945, sesame. 610,133‘
_8 Claims. (01. 1345-46)
'This invention relates as indicated to treating
ment of rails therein on which the container'im-'
mediately supporting» the work is carried;
machines and more especially to a machine which
is adapted-to handle work-pieces which require
, Fig.- .7’ is a plan view of- the apparatus illus
to be immersed in a vat and which, duringthe
immersion period; are preferably reciprocated in
the vat so as to accentuate the'actionof the
tratedin Figs. 1 and 2;
of the center column of the apparatus with its
associated mechanism; and
‘
,.
‘
Fig. 12 is a transverse sectional view of that
10 portion of the apparatus shown in Fig. 9 taken
A particular ?eld of usefulness of my improved
machine is in conjunction with the cleaning and
dressing of poultry wherein the poultry is re~
quired to be immersed in a scaldin'gvat prior to
the removal of the feathers therefrom.
_
side felevational views drawn to an enlarged scale
bath on the Worl<—pieces. Machines of this char
acter have a wide ?eld of application, as,v for ‘ex_
ample in the treatment of metallic objects which
require immersion in_ a treatingor cleaning bath.
'
Figs. v8,9, i0, and‘ ‘11 are ‘each fragmentary
on a plane substantially indicated by the line
|2-—-I2.
Fig. 13 is a section view taken along the line
I3—l3 of Fig. 7 showing the vertical alignment
15 of the conveyor and container tracks. '
_
I
It is a principal object of my invention to pro}
vide a machine of the character described which
Referring now more specifically to the draw
ings and more especially to Figs. 1, 2 and 7,_the
will perform'the stated function with a minimum
apparatus here illustrated includes a vat or tank
of attention on the "part, of the operator, and
generally‘ indicated at I which is supported at
which machine may be manufactured and oper 20 an elevatedposition above the floor on suitable
ated at a relatively low cost.
'
legs 2. I The vat is {?uid-tight with an open top.
Other objects of the invention Will appear: as
the description proceeds.
'
._
c
.
.
At one side, the vat is provided with a drain plug
‘ 3 in the form of a swivel connection carrying a
,
To the accomplishment of theforegoing and
pipe extension 4 so that as the discharge‘end
related ends, said inventiontlien comprises the 125 of‘ the pipe 4 is adjusted vertically,~ the level of
features hereinafter fully described and particu-.
liquid within the vat is similarly maintained.
larly pointed out inlthc claims, the following de
When it is desired to drain the vat, the pipe 4 is
scription and the annexed drawings setting forth
rotated about its swivel connection until the free
in detail certain illustrative embodiments of the
invention, these being indicative, however, of but
a few of the various ways in which the principle
of the invention may be employed.
end of the pipe is below'the bottom of the vat,
30 whereupon the contents of the vat will be drained
'
In said annexed drawings:
through the pipe.
'
Extending into the vat near thebottorn thereof
is a‘ conduit 5 which pursues a circuitous path I
Fig, 1 is a. side elevation of av'machine 'con- ,
overlying'the bottom of‘the vat and terminates
structed in'accordance with the principles of my 35 ‘in a vertically projecting portion 6. The "pipe 5
invention showing the arrangement of parts with
has‘ a. ?ared terminal portion 7 into which may
the work supporting basket, elevated above the
be 'proj'ecteda ?ame as from a hydrocarbon
va ;
burner generally indicated at 8.
The projec
Fig. 2 is a view similar to Fig. 1 but showing
tion of a ?ame into the pipe 5 serves to heat the
the parts arranged with the work-carrying basket 40 contents of the vat and the products of combus
in the vat;
tion pass outwardly through'the section 6 which
serves as a ?ue.
Fig. 3 is a vertical sectional view drawn to an
enlarged scale of the apparatus illustrated in
Fig. 1 taken on a plane substantially indicated
by the line 3-—-3 ;
Fig. 4 is a side elevational view of that por
tion of the apparatuswhich is particularly- illus
Positioned on the vat is framework generally
indicated at 9 formed ofangle iron'or' the like
so as to provide an elevated platform 10 on
which is supported the apparatus which more
particularly comprises the structure of the pres
ent invention.
trated in secti0ninFig.'3;
.
'
,
:1
Y
.
Fig. 5 is a section view of the work-supporting 50
basket forming a part of the previously illus
trated structure and taken on a plane substan
tially indicated by the'line 5-5 in Fig. 2;
Fig. 6 is an enlarged view of a portion of the
work-supporting basket showing the arrange
'
‘
vAs most clearly illustrated in Fig. 4, ?xedly» '
supported on the platform II) is a main guiding
and supporting member | l which, as most clearly
illustrated in Fig. 12, is generally C-shaped in
cross section and which extends in Fig. 4‘from
the point indicated at [2 to the point indicated
at I3. The member II is secured to the platform
2,408,248
3
I0 by any suitable means such as by being welded
to the platform I0 at the point of intersection
as indicated at IN and also by means of struts
such as I4 shown in Fig. 4. The upper end of
the member II is shown in Fig. 8. An intermedi
ate portion of the member II is shown in Fig. 9.
The member I I is provided at its lower end, as
most clearly illustrated in Fig. 4, with a bearing
block I5, and at its upper end, as most clearly
4
pin 46. Projecting laterally from the auxiliary
cross-head 45 is a pin 41.
Pivotally mounted
on the stub shaft 43 and movable independently
of the link 42 is a detent or pawl 46 which, as
most clearly illustrated in Fig. 9, is adapted to
engage the pin 41 and thus secure the auxiliary
cross-head 45 to the main cross-head 44 so that
the auxiliary cross-head is caused to reciprocate
with the main cross-head when such latch is in
illustrated in Fig. 8, with another bearing block 10 engagement,
To the auxiliary cross-head 45 there is con
IS. The bearing blocks I5 and I6 are secured in
the C-shaped member II as by welding or the
like, and are provided with axially aligned open
ings I02 and I03, respectively, in which is slid
ably mounted avertically extending rod I1, to 15
nected one leg 49 of a generally U-shaped frame
member 50, the opposite leg SI of which is se
cured by means of a collar 52 and transversely
extending pin 53 to the rod I1 near its upper
the lower end I8 of which there is attached a
end.
framework generally indicated at I9 in which the
work to be treated is supported.
50 in the area between lines 54 and 55 is of a
As most clearly illustrated in Fig. 4 the web
width determined by the lines 56 and 51, In
The framework I9 is a substantially rectangu
the area between the lines 55 and 58 the web
lar box with one pair of open sides I04 and I05 20
50 is of a width determined by the distance be—
as shown more particularly in Fig. 5. It consists
tween
the lines 56 and 59.
of a top 20 and a bottom or platform 2I inter
Fixedly attached to the inside face of the C
connected by means of vertically extending posts
shaped member II are lugs 60 and 6|. These
22. The platform 2I is adapted to be moved to
lugs are provided with axially aligned cylindrical
a position of alignment with loading and unload 25 openings in which is slidably positioned a rod
ing means to be later described, Secured to the
62, to the upper end of which is secured a stop
bottom 2| are spaced V-shaped rails 23 in which
collar 63.
are adapted to be supported transversely extend
Lug 6I includes a helically coiled spring an
ing rods 24 fastened to the bottom of the crate
nulus 6Ia which snugly engages the rod 62 and
25 within which the work to be treated is di 30 is held on the lug 6I by a cap Mb. The spring
rectly supported. The crate 25 is of any suitable
is effective to hold the shaft 62 and the lug 6|
form and is preferably a basket with foraminous
against relative movement by gravity.
sides and bottom and an open top I06. The di
mension of the basket 25 is such that it will be
Slidable on the rod 62 is a collar 64 which is
urged upwardly under the in?uence of a spring
snugly accommodated with the con?nes of the 35 65 which at its upper end is connected by means
framework I9 during the treating operation. In
of a hook 66 to one leg of the c-shaped member
order to prevent lateral displacement of the
II. A portion of ‘the same leg of the member II
basket within the framework, the latter is pro
vided with a rod 26 extending across the top
is struck outwardly as at 61 providing a slot II2
as illustrated in Fig. 9, and carries a bolt 68 which
thereof and through vertically extending brack 40 adjustably supports a stop member 59 which
ets 21 at opposite sides. The ends 28 of the rod
projects through the slot H2 in the path of the
' 26 are bent downwardly so that when in the po
. collar 64. By adjusting the nuts on the bolt 68,
sition illustrated in Fig. 5 the basket is prevented
the position of the stop member 69 may be corre
from moving laterally out of the framework dur
adjusted and accordingly there may
ing the treating operation.
.45 spondingly
be an adjustment of the vertical extent to which
Supported on the platform I0 and also by the
the spring 65 may urge the collar 64.
C-shaped member II is apparatus by which the
The collar 64, as most clearly illustrated in
framework I9 may be moved into and out of the
Figs. 11 and 12 is provided with a pair of down
vat I and vertically reciprocated while in such
wardly extending projections I08 and I09 be
vat. Such apparatus includes a driving motor .50 tween which is pivotally supported a detent 10
generally indicated at 30 which is connected by
mounted on the transversely extending pin H.
means of a belt or other driving web 3| to a
The bottom ends of the projections I08 and I09
pulley or sprocket 32 which is keyed to the shaft
coincide with the lower end of the detent 10 as
33. Likewise keyed to the shaft 33 is a sprocket
illustrated with respect to the projection I08 in
or pulley 34 about which is trained a belt or 55
Fig. 11.
driving web 35 which passes about the sprocket
The detent 10 carries a laterally projecting pin‘
or pulley 36. The shaft 33 is rotatably supported
12. The end 10' of the detent 10 adjacent the
in bearings carried by the bracket members 31.
rod 62 is slotted as illustrated in dotted lines in
The pulley or sprocket 36 is secured to a shaft
Fig. 11 and is thus adapted to snugly embrace
38 which is rotatably supported in bearings car 60
the rod, and the mounting of the detent 10 is
ried by the brackets 39 and 40.
such that when the collar 64 is moved down
As most clearly illustrated in Fig. 3, the end
of the shaft 38 (i. e. the right-hand end as viewed
in Fig. '1) has a crank arm 4| secured thereto
wardly relatively to the rod 62, the detent will
jam against the rod and cause the rod and sleeve
64 to move in unison. When the sleeve 64 is
65
which terminally carries a transversely extend
moved
upwardly, the slotted end 10’ of the de
ing pin I01 whereby the crank arm 4| is piv
tent 10 moves away from the rod 62 to permit
otally secured to the upper end of a link 42.
relative movement between the sleeve 64 and
The other end of the link 42 is pivotally con
the rod 62.
nected to a stub shaft 43 which is carried by
As most clearly illustrated in Fig. 10, the lug
and extends laterally from a cross-head 44
BI is also provided ‘with downwardly projecting
which is loosely slidable vertically on the shaft
ears on one side thereof which similar to the
or rod I1.
projections I08 and I09, one of which is desig
Secured to the shaft I1 above the cross-head
nated by reference numeral III! in Fig. 10, sup
44 is an auxiliary cross-head 45 keyed to the
shaft I1 by means of a transversely extending 75 port a pin 13 On which is pivotally mounted a
2,408,248.
.
'6
7
under. a. tension substantially-.1 equivalent to; the
load of_‘ the apparatus and the work carried there
detent 1-4 urged" for rotation in a counter-clock
wise direction on the pin- 13’- by means. of the.
spring 15'." The" bottom ends of the ears coin-v
by. The.» downward pull on the rope’ 90$ is con-..
cide with the lower end of the detent ‘[4 as illus
tinued' until? the auxiliary cross-head 45 moves
trated with respect toear- H0 in Fig. 10.
5, intowclose. proximity to. the, main cross-head 44,
it being understood that during this time the
" The spring'liurges the lower end HI of‘ the
detent 14 into engagement with'the rod 62: so]
motor‘ 30 is running continuously and the‘ main
that while the rod is free to move- downwardly
cross-head 44; is reciprocating continuously. As
relatively to the collar Bl, as viewed in Fig. 10,
soon as. the auxiliary cross-head approaches the
relative movement in the opposite direction is 150': main‘ cross-head,v the pin 4‘! engages the upper
prevented by the detent so longras the- latter is
right hand portion ofthe detent 48 (see Fig. 9)
in engagement with the rod.
,
and cams the same in acounter-clockwise di
Projecting from the inner face of the web 50
is a ?nger‘ 16 which projects into the path of the
recticn about‘th'e shaft 43, to permit the pin 41 to
move into latching position. The detent 48 is
pin- 1-2 so that as the member 50- moves down
then moved in a clockwise direction about the
wardly with vthe auxiliary cross-head 45\, when
shaft 43. by the action of gravity‘and also. due to
the latter is latched to the mainIcross-head 44,
engagement ofthe pin 41‘ with the surface H3
the ?nger 16 will strike the-pin ‘l2 and < carry
and the detent 48' latches over the pin 41, and
the sleeve‘ 64' downwardly, carrying the shaft 62.
the auxiliary cross-head is caused to follow the
along» therewith. Such downward movement of. 20 main cross-head in the latter’s reciprocation.
thefshaft 62' is‘ permitted by the detent 14; 'How- , _As' soon-as‘ the detent 48‘v latches over the pin 41,
ever, when the ?nger ‘[6 has reached the. limit of
the downward‘ pull on the’ rope .98 is discontinued
its‘rdownward‘travel and moves upwardly again,
and the rope 99: is‘ thereby automatically slack-t
the spring 65 will carry the collar 64 along there
with untilv the collar 64 strikesthe stop member
69'. The rod 62 is prevented from returning up
wardly, however, because of its engagement by
the detent 14¢.
erredv onthe shaft 33‘. The work supportcarrying
25v
the basket within which the work is contained is
accordingly caused to reciprocate with the main
.
.
cross-head, during which interval thework base ,
ket is reciprocatedvertically within the vat I.
For each downward movement of the auxiliary
' '
Secured to the upper end I13 of the C-shaped
member‘ H is a collar 111 to which are pivotally 30 cross-head’while the. latter is latched to the main 7
secured the lower ends: of toggle links 18. To
cross-head, th'e‘consequent downward movement
the upper end of the rod or‘shaft H is secured ' of . the member 50.wil1 carry the ?nger 16 along
a? collar ‘L9 to which are pivotally secured the
therewith. The ?nger 16, by striking the pin 12
ends of toggle links 80‘. The opposite ends of the
‘ toggle links 18 and 80 are pivotally' secured to
collars 8'li which telescopically .engage av trans
versely extending shaft 82. Stop" collars 83 are
secured to the ends ofthe shaft 82 and‘positioned
intermediately' of such collars and the, collars 8|
in the-manner ‘previously explained, will cause the
35 .
rod‘ 62- to be moved downwardly for each recip
rocation ‘of the cross-heads by an increment
which is dependent upon the setting of the stop
are springs 34.‘ A spring 85 is mounted coaxially
member I59. Thedetent 10 moves the rod 62
downwardly while the detent ‘I4 prevents the rod
62' fromvmovingmupwardly. The reciprocation of
on the rod 82 intermediately of the collars 8|.
the cross-heads latched together continues until
' Projecting laterally from-the collar‘!!! is- an
arm 86:‘ to which is ‘secured one end of a rope
or cable 81 which passes about a pulley 88 ro
such incremental downward movement of the rod
62 is suf?cient to cause the lower end thereof to
engage'thef laterally extending projection 93 on
tatably supported‘ by the bracket 89. After thus 45 the detent 48. Such engagement will cause a
passing about the pulley 88, the rope 81' is Wound
counter-clockwise rotation of the detent 48' as
about the shaft 33 for several turns (see Fig. '7)
viewed in vFig. 9. thereby unlatching the. auxil
and its free end .98 hangs downwardly- at the side
iary'cross-head from the main cross-head.
of the machine. ‘
,
The springs 84 then raise the rod 11 and its
Mounted on opposite sides of the vat 'l' and on 50 attached auxiliaryv cross-head 45, and the work
a plane. substantially level with the top of thevat
basket carried on the lower end of the rod, up
are laterally extending conveyors 9| each pro.
wardly out of the. path of travel of the-recipro
vided with tracks 92 which are in ‘alignment with
cating main cross-head 44,. . The springs 84 move
the tracks ’23 on the bottom of the<_framework
the rod‘ l1‘ upwardly until the auxiliary cross
I 8. The apparatus is so constructed that When ‘55 head'WE strikes the lug 68 where the upward
the framework I9 is at rest above the vat I the
movement ofthe rod I‘! is arrested and the work
trackways 23' carried thereby are substantially in
basket held'in elevated position above the vat.
alignment with the trackways 92 so that a'basket ‘
As the’ rod IT is moved upwardly under the in
just treated may be moved out of the framework
?uence of the springs-84, the member 50 will be
19 onto the discharge conveyor, and another has v60 carried along ‘therewith. During the initial
ket of material may be moved‘ from the charging
stages vof such movement, the member 50 will fric
conveyor into such framework.
ticnally engage'the detent 14 causing the same
'I'he‘operation'of the above described form of - to be‘moved in a clockwise direction against the
apparatus is as follows:
action of‘ the spring 15 thereby disengaging the
When the, parts are in the position illustrated 65 rod 62 and permitting the rod to be shoved up
in Fig. 1, the operator'?rst moves a basket of
wardly in its supporting sleeves by ?nger 16 strik
material to be treated into the framework, l9.
ing collar 53, thus resetting the rod for the next
After closing the latch 26, he then exerts a slight
cycle of operations.
pull on the rope 90. This will tighten the sev
From the foregoing description, it will be ob
eral turns of such rope on the shaft: 33 sui?cient 70 served that the apparatus of my'invention pro
~ ly so that the upper portion. of the rope is wound
vides a simple means whereby the work basket is
helically onwsuch shaft, thereby pulling down-.
normally maintained at an elevated position
above the vat and in alignment with the charg
wardly on the bracket 86. Such downward‘ pull
ing and, discharging conveyors. As soon as the '
will force the rod; I11 downwardly, pushing out
wardly on the springs 84 and placing the same 75 work basket has been loaded; a slight vpull on
2,408,248
7
the’ rope 90’ sets the apparatus in operation, au
tomatically immersing the work‘ basket in the vat
where it is reciprocated for a predetermined
number of times and then automatically raised
to and held in the loading andunloading'position.
As previously indicated, while my apparatus
has been designed primarily for use in scalding
poultry for the purpose of removing the feathers
cross-head, means for controlling the position of
said Work support relative to said cross-head for
engagement of said connection while said cross
head is being reciprocated continuously, and
means effective to release said connection auto
matically after an adjustably variable interval
after the occurrence of a predetermined number
of reciprocations of said cross-head after said
connection has been established.
therefrom, it may, nevertheless, be employed in
6. In a device of the character described,,the
any capacity where it is desired to move work 10
combination of a treating vat, a work support
pieces into a vat and to reciprocate them in the
adapted to move into and out of said vat, resili
vat during a treating operation.
ent means for urging said worksupport to a
Other modes of applying the principle of the
position out of said vat, a cross-head, power
invention may be employed, change being made
as regards the details described, provided the 15 means for continuously reciprocating said cross
headvertically above said vat, means for effect
features stated in any of the following claims or
ing areleasable connection of said work sup
the equivalent of such be employed.
port to said cross-head, manually controlled
I,‘ therefore, particularly point out and distinct
means for moving the work support in reach of
ly claim as my invention:
'
1'. In a device of the character described, the 20 said means for effecting a releasable connection
of the work support to the cross-head while said
combination of a treating vat, a workv support
cross-head is being reciprocated- continuously,
adapted to move into and out of said vat, means
and means effective to release said connection
urging said work support to a position out of said
automatically after a predetermined interval
vat, a cross-head, continuously operating means
for reciprocating said cross-head, and means for 25 after said connection has been established.
7. In a device of the character described, the
releasably connecting said work support to said
combination of a treating vat, loading and un
.
'
loading rails in the same horizontal plane in
2. In a device of the character described, the
alignment on opposite sides of said vat, a work
combination of a treating vat, a work support
adapted to move into and out of-said vat, means 30 support including a platform adapted to move
from a position inalignment With said rails into
urging said work support to a position out of said
and out of said vat, resilient means'for urging
vat, a cross-head, continuously operating means
said work support out of said vat and into a po
for reciprocating said cross-head, means for ef
sition with said platform in alignment with said
fecting a releasable connection of said work sup
port to said cross-head, and means for control 35 rails, a cross-head, power means for continuously
cross-head.
reciprocating said cross-head vertically above
ling the position of said work support relative
said vat, means for effecting a releasable connec
to said cross-head for engagement of said con
tion of said work support to said cross-head,
nection while said cross-head is being recipro
manually controlled means for moving the work
cated continuously.
3. vIn a device of the character described, the 40 support in reach of said means for effecting a re
leasable connection of thework support to the
combination of a‘ treating vat, a work support
cross-head while said cross-head is being recip
adapted to move into and out of said vat, means
rocated continuously, and means effective to re
urging said work support to a position out of said
lease said connection automatically after a pre
vat, a cross-head, means for continuously recip
rocating said cross-head, means for effecting a
' determined interval after said connection has
releasable connection of said work support to said
cross-head, means for controlling the position of
said Work support relative to said ‘cross-head for
engagement of said connection while said cross
head is being reciprocated continuously, and
means effective to release said connection auto
matically after a predetermined interval after
been established.
8. In a device of the character described, the
combination of a treating vat, loading-and un
loading trackways in the same horizontal plane
on opposite sides of said vat, a work support in
cluding a platform adapted to move from a po
sition in alignment with said trackways into and.
out of said vat, resilient means for urging said
work support out of said vat and into a position
4. In a device of the character described, the
combination of a treating vat, a work support ,55 with said platform in alignment with said track
said connection has been established.
‘
_
adapted to move into and out of said'vat, means
urging said work support to a position out of said
vat, a cross-head, means for continuously recip
rocating said cross-head, means for effecting a
releasable connection of said work support to said
cross-head, means for controlling the position of
said work support relative to said cross-head for
engagement of said connection while said cross
head is being reciprocated continuously, and
v65
means effective to release said connection after
the occurrence of a predetermined number of
reciprocations of said cross-head after said con
nection has been established.
5. In a device of the character described, the
combination of a treating vat, a work support .
ways, a cross-head, power means for continu
ously reciprocating said cross-head vertically
above'said vat, means for effecting a releasable
connection of said work support to said cross
head, manually controlled means for moving the
work support in reach of said means for effecting
a releasable connection of the work support to
the cross-head while said cross-head is being re
ciprocated continuously, and means effective to
release said connection ‘automatically after an
adjustably variable interval after the occurrence
of a predetermined number of reciprocations of
said cross-head after said connection has been
established to permit said ?rst named means to
restore said work support platform to and main
tain the same in its loading and unloading posi
tion above said vat in alignment with said track
urging said work support to a position out of said
ways.
vat, a cross-head, means for continuously recip;
.
QUAY C. BARBER.
rocating said cross-head, means for effecting a
releasable connection of said work support to said 75
adapted to move into and out of said vat, means
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
0
Размер файла
884 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа