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Oct, 1, 1946.
_ 2,408,388
Filed Feb. l2, 1944
2 Sheets-Sheet l
(369520596, l
' u :7%5
Oct. l, 1946. '
Filed Feb. 12, _1944
2 sheets-sheet 2
Patented Oct. 1, 1946
12, i944,"se?ia1'No.'522,649
-1' Claim. (01.774-55/21)
This'A invention relates-'- to a-steering" wheel, and
V’My invention further resides inthe combina
while it is particularly adapted to steering wheels
_ forA automobiles and the rlike it is not limited
‘ tion„’construction and arrangement of parts illus
trated' iny the accompanying; drawingsjand - while
thereto, but is- capablev of' use’ in airplanes, motor
boats, tanks and in many other instances to
which it may bev adapted. The structure is such
nI >have shown therein preferred embodiments; I
wi’s'h it understood that the same vare susceptible
onmodiñcation and change without departing
as to greatly facilitate its eiîective-'an'd economical
manufacture, and" is' o_f' particularvalue in that
it' admirablyv lends* itself to the'> ready application
"over the rim~ portion'of‘a protective, ornamental 10
from the spirit of my invention.
In the drawings:
1 isa top plan view of a steering wheel
embodying Ymy invention.
and: useful covering.
In the oldA forms of» steering' wheels prior'to'my
Fig. 2‘is a' vtransverseV vertical rsection through
the steering >vvîhee'ljon‘theïl‘ine 2'-"-2 o_f Fig. 1, with
present invention',l ¿therefhave been Ymany -com
plicated structures'thathave not possessed the
the cover' housing 'in' _ place over _the hub.
desired combination of Y streng-tti, economy of
manufacture, Yand.pleasing appearance. Also in
the prior 'steering wheels“,v whenit' was desired to
apply a decorative covering tofthe rim, Ythe same,
Fig; -3`i‘s'a perspective view of the rim element
orA theß wheel before' lia-ving the>` h'u'b clamping
plates applied> thereto.
Fig. ‘lis’ a planvi'ew'of" thefgroov'e'd' face of one
'ofthe hub'fcla’rriping plates.
when such material- -as plastics’ or the like were
Fig. 5‘ i's> a transverse vertical section Yon a re
used, would involve too great Yan expense -for~ 20 duced vscale''offaiïlo’the'i' YÍ‘Örl‘?l` >0f hub Construction.
materials and molds,«and` wouldY -in- many cases
Fig'. 6ï`isy a transverse vertical section on the
result in the development of-'cracks that would
greatly mar the ornamental appearance, a's'f’well
Figi _’7 _isa fragmentaryl 'perspective' view,` o‘n- an
as lessen the efficiency, and bea menace Vto, the
safety of the' operator.
Among'the objects of my. invention iste-provide
a steering wheel having a' novel" rim ‘construction
'so formed 'as to enable an» ornamentaland useful
tubular covering of `5'fie1`da-ble "material of the
desired size, to 'be started overa free e'n'd of Ft'l‘ie‘ ‘
rim structure and pulled there'along'to'cover‘the
desiredportion ofthe rim.
Another object is to- provide anovel vfneilrod
of applying'a tubular *covering- o'ff‘ yieldableïmate
rial overfthe- rim of the steer'ingwh'eel".
A further Objectis to provide `a novelV method,
and resulting structure, forformi-'n'g 'nnger grip
projections or recesses in the steering- wheel'rim_
and covering therefor.
A still further object is to provide' a" novel>
method, and resulting structure', for applying to
»a steering 'wheel' rim, a permanently' or teìnp'o
rarily yieldable covering such as a plasti'cï‘mate
rial', rubber', yield'abl'e textile or fabric; or other
material 'adapted to the purpose.
An additional object isr te make use y»oiï‘î'a com
bined lubricantv and cementingf material l’when
applying'the yieldable ’tubular 'coveringV to 4the
Another object i's 'to makeîposs'ible the"use',"as "
an ornamental ri'mcovering, of athermoplastio
resin, rubbenor other suitable-yieldable material.
OtherV objects, ’advantages- and' capab_ilities,~"in-
herently possessedv >by ’myr invention, will later
Y more fully appear.
enlarged-'scala of Va portion ofthe ri'in and a por
i'tion of a yiel'dable covering in position to be
pulled- longitudinally thereover.
Vis _a rtransverse ve'rtical'section on the
_linea-Blof: Fig. 7', before vthe ¿covering is applied
Fig; 9" isa side view,V partly inlelev'ationand
partly inverti'cal section, off‘ the portion of rim
shown in`Fig; '7, and after the coveringr has been
pulled> longitudinally ` th‘ereover.
' Fig1 10 is a transverse vertical- section on the
' Fig'. `1‘1 _afvie‘w similar to Fig'. 1f)- but showing
a; modified form of gri-p' projection.
Fig’. 1-'2 is a‘îbottdm pl'an'viévvwof Fig. 11 but With
the covering omí-'ttfedí eiírcep't ynear the lower end,
and Showing" tf‘le rieles" through which a tool is
ii’is’ertet‘lv for' Órh'fiiïn’g' the grip.
Fig. 13’ is a»- fragmentary perspective view of' a
portion of’ a rim'v of >rnodiiîed'1' construction with
` the »co‘veri'n‘g- iin vpositio'ifi»v only' partway thereover. .
` Figa 14’ isa' vertical' transverse section on the
lineM-M of Fig. 13.
Fig'. 115 is a'f-ra’gïmentaryvertical longitudinal
section'througlä a. portion of the rim and cover
and f showingV a further> modification.
Fig. 16 is a vertical transverse section on the
li'nïe " |3544 5 (JïfA
Referring more in detail'. to the drawings, my
inventioncompri'sesa hollow tubular rim lf, pref
erably‘ of' metal, b_u'táincluding' any material Yother
metal, that vvi'l_ladaptA itself to. the spiriti of
casing t0 temporarily slightly enlarge its diam
eter to such degree as to enable it to be slipped
so that in applying the covering these bent ends
and arms 5 and E may be sprung apart sufficiently
over the exterior of the rim, after which the cov
ering willreturn to a size suiiiciently to grip the
rim. It will also be understood that during such
enlargement of the covering or casing the remote
to permit the covering to pass over each of them
individually as it is slid on over the rim. The
inner end portions 'I and 8 of arms 5 and 6 are
each curved, as shown in Figs. 1, 3 and '4, with
their extreme inner ends unattached to each
other, so that before being secured in the hub of
the steering wheel these ends are free to haveVv
the covering passed on over either one of them,
then all the way around the rim and back to the 15
other arm with the ends of the covering terminat- ->
ing at 9 and I0 preferably in a _position just out
pull, or any available means to effect such move
ment. If desired, air or other pressure, may be
applied to the hollow interior of the covering or
this invention. For illustrative purposes I have
shown this tubular rim as being of one piece with
its ends bent inwardly at 2 and 3 to preferably
contact each other at 4 but not fastened together,
end will be plugged up or otherwise stopped to
permit the application> of such interior pressure.
During the slipping or otherwise forcing of the
covering ór casing over the rim a lubricant is
applied to the outside of the rim or inside of the
casing, to assist such movement, and the lubri
cant- will thereafter dry and cement the covering
. or casing lto the exterior of the rim.
Any of the
many available lubricants may be used, among
which may be mentioned as illustrative only and
The covering is designated generally at I2 and
comprises a suitably yieldable material that may 20 not in a limiting sense, soap, a phenolic glue, a
plasticizing glue, or any other suitable glue, ce
be pulled on, or otherwise forced over the rim,
side of the hub Il.
preferably around its entire circumferential
length, although it may be stopped short of such
' ment, or lubricating agent desired.
The covering or casing, when kbeing applied to
the rim will be started over one end of either of
distance if desired without departing from the
spirit of my invention. For the covering mate 25 theL end portions 1 or 8, then pulled or forced
around the rim I and if desired left to the amount
rial I may use any suitable thermoplastic resin, shown> (or other amount) in Figure 1 upon the
rubber, or other desirable and suitable yieldable
arms 5 and 6, it being understood that theseV arms
material. One thermoplastic resin that may be
may be sufñciently laterally separated while the
mentioned isVinylite, although as will be under
stood, there are many vinyl and otherresins hav 30 casing is passing thereover and around the'rim.
Or the casing may be terminated at anyv point
ing yieldable properties rand adaptable for this
around the rim or upon the arms desired. A'The
purpose. As stated, rubber may be used as well
casing or covering will be applied to the rim be
as any of the many rubber-like plastics.
fore the rim is placed into and secured to the hub.
After the covering has been applied to the rim,
as later more fully described, the'curved end por es A further feature of my invention is the-pro
vision on the tubular rim of leither protuberances
tions 1 and 8 of the arms 5 and 6 will be placed
or depressions as desired, to afford better grip
in corresponding depressions I3. and I4 in -the
ping actionon the stearing wheel. In Figures~7
lower hub plate I5, and the top hub plate I6 hav
to 10 inclusive, gripping protuberances are shown
ing complemental depressions then placed there
over and fastened by bolts, screws or the like I1 40 in the form of rivets, or similar` devices, each
having a neck 20 and head 2I, the neck being
. to the lower hub plate to securely fasten the rim
snugly inserted in a hole formed at any desired
element therebetween, as seen in Fig. 2.Y As will
location on the rim, preferably at the top, yand
be understood, the hub plates will be keyed or
the lower face of the head bearing against the
otherwise fastened to the upper end portion of
a steering post (not shown). For» ornamental 45 rim. Any desired number of these rivets,-or
similar devices, may be applied to the rimfand
purposes there will be secured to the hub plates
at any suitable distances apart. When the yield
a hub housing I8, preferably made in two halves
able covering or casingy is forced longitudinally
and of a suitable plastic material. If desired the
over the rim, as described above, it will subtan
hub construction may be like that shown in Fig.
5 in which stamped metal is used, in which the 50 tially follow the upper contour ofleach of the
rivet heads, andfthus form gripping protuber
upper and lower plates are stamped into the de
ances or humps h to afford more effective grasp
sired shape by the use of dies or the like, and
ing- of the wheel by the operator. These are
when assembled and connected together by mar
clearly shown in Figures 9~and 10, while Figure 7
ginal rivets or the like, havel a sleeve inserted
into the centra1 opening, said sleeve having an 55 shows the covering just starting over one of the
_»rivet heads. For conservation >of space Figure 7
upper flange supported upon the upper plate and
shows the covering as being started on a frag
a central opening to receive the steering post.
ment of the rim, instead of starting on the free
Also, as indicated by dotted lines in Fig. 1, an
end of one of the end portions 'I and 8 as would
Vadditional strengthening arm I9 may be added if
desired, and be of any suitable construction, >such 60 actually occur.
Figures 11 and 12 show how a modiñed form
for example as generally indicated in my Patent
of protuberance or hump is formed in the mate
No. 2,276,477, granted March 17, 1942, for “Steer
rial of the rim. The rim in this form is pro
ing wheel.” Other forms for such additional
videdpreferably in its lower face (although other
stiffening arm may be used as desired, or it may
locations could be used) with suitably sized and
be omitted if the additional stiffness is not pre
The usual nut (not shown) will be applied at
the top of the steering post to bear against the
top of the hub construction and within the hub
The covering or casing I2, which, as described
above, is of a yieldable plastic resin or other suit
able material, will be applied over the rim by slip
ping, pulling or otherwise forcing it thereover in
any manner desired, including a manual or other
, spaced holes 2,2, through each of which will be
inserted a swaging tool with a rounded endv to
contact the inner- face ofv the opposite side of
the rim. Application of suitable blows, or ,pres
sure in a press, or otherwise as desired, to the tool
will force the metal vof the opposite side of the
rim outwardly into a bulge or protuberance 23,
over which the yieldable covering I2, herein
- before described, will be forced and causedto
cling thereto when the covering cornes ¿toits
ñnal rest, thus forming humps or gripping pro
tuberances h' similar to the humps h in Figure 9,
and for a similar purpose.
In Figures 13 and 14.V I have shown a rim hav
spaced depressions 26 are formed, into which the
yieldable covering extends as shown in these
ñgures to form gripping depressions.
Diiferently spacedand differently shaped pro
ing a continuous slot a through its lower wall, 5 tuberances> or> humps and depressions -may be
through which slot at suitable intervals a swag
used >`without departing from the spirit> of my ;
ing tool may be inserted and under pressure
form bulges or protuberances 24 in the opposite
Having described my invention, I claim:
wall of the rim, and over which the yieldable
In a steering wheel, an elongated metal tubular
covering will be stretched or slipped,fas earlier 10 rim having a circular portion and inwardly ex
described, resulting in gripping protuberances h”
tended end portions, means for detachably secur
similar to those previously described, and for a
ing said end portions together, said rim having
similar purpose. Also in the form of Figures 13
an elongated slot in its bottom side, anda yield
and 14 the covering or casing will be extruded,
able ornamental thermoplastic resin vcovering
or otherwise formed, with a longitudinal rib 25 15 snugly fitting around the exterior surface of the
which will follow and be positioned- in the slot a
rim, said covering having in its bottom wall an
when the covering is applied to the rim.
elongated rib ñtting into the slot of the rim, and
In Figures 15 and 16 a similar procedure is
being of a nature enabling pulling it longitudi
followed, except that instead of forming out
nally over the rim.
wardly extending bulges in the rim, suitably 20 '
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