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Патент USA US2408423

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' Oct. 1, 1946.
Filed 001;. 29,‘ 17945
2 Sheets-Sheet l
0a. 1,1946.v
Filed Oct. 29, 1943
I '
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
- B
Patented Oct. 1, 1946
UNITED; STAT as rare
Jesse A.. Harris, West Linn, 0mg, assignor. to
Crown . Zellerhach .Gorporatiom, San Francisco,
CaliiE-wa corporation of Nevada.
Application October 29, 1943; SeriaI‘N'o. 508,222"
1 Claim.
This; invention relates to-the- Fourdrinier wire
of. a. papermaki'ng machine and, speci?cally,’ to
the patching of; small holes developing in the
Fourd'rinier wire as‘ a result vof‘use or due to other
('01. 140-3‘);
tuting the ?rst step in the preparation‘ of the
As is well known-,lwhen a hole develops‘ in the
. Fourdrinier wire it becomes necessary to repair
or, replace the wire immediately‘ otherwise there
willbe; corresponding failure; or imperfection in
theimat' of .paper stock formed on- the Wire.
Atthe present time it is customary to- repair
holes7 in the Fourdrinier'wire by a “sewing’oper
ation" , Such repairing enables maximum produc
Fig. 2 shows the same piece of wire fabric after
four “shute” wires havebeen removed from each
end, the removal of these “shute”'wires consti
Fig. 31 is a fragmentary enlarged isometric view
of a :portion of one end of the same piece of wire
fabric illustrating the alternate projecting warp»
strands at each end and a convenient way of sap-
arating alternaterwarp strands at‘ each end of the
Fig: 4 illustrates the next step in‘ the prepara
tion of‘ the patch in which the’ alternate warp
strand‘ ends are bent down- to‘ enable-them to be
tivei life to be obtained from the Fourdrinier‘wire
and. this is an important consideration since it 15 cut off easily;
Fig, 5‘ shows the bent-down warp strand ends
meansrtheconservation of the essentialmaterials
cut off' and their" stubs hooked around the end
used initsmanufacture; However, while the cuss
“shute’” wires:
tomaryand regular method‘ of repairing or patch
Fig: 6 is'a‘ side elevation of the completed'patch
ing; the‘ Fourdrinier‘ wire by “sewing” is quite
satisfactory, the chief objection to thisprocedure 20 with the warp ends straightened and those at the
rearen'd bent down at’ right angles, the patch now
is that the operation‘ requires‘ an» average mini
being ready for'attaching to the Fourdrinier wire;
mum of‘ 90" minutes; for “sewing” even a small
‘ Fig. '7 is a diagrammatic side elevation illus
space; and‘ during this period of 90. minutes or
trating the first step-in attaching the patch to
more themachine must be completely-shut down;
which ‘results in a loss in production and a'loss‘in - the" Fourdrini'er" wire ;
Fig; 8'- is- a similar‘ diagrammatic side elevation
man hours.
showing‘ the'patch'fully secured in place;
The object of the present invention is to pre
Fig; 9 ‘is a‘ top plan view of a portion of the
vent: or greatly reduce such loss |by providing a
wire’ showing the patch secured in
method for patching the Fourdrinier WiI‘ejWl'lich‘
will'require only a very few‘ minutes and‘ which 30 place; and
Fig. '10 is a bottom plan view drawn to larger
will enable the Fourdrinier ‘wire then to' continue
scale‘ showing the, under side of the patched
in service for considerable time‘just'as’ if the’ re
pairinghad been done- by the longer and more
laborious “sewing” method. ‘
Afurtherobject of this invention is- to provide a
prepared patch, which can be made up'in quan
tity in- advance and‘ kept ready for such emer
gency, and which can be quickly and easily ap
plied to the Fourdrinier'wire whenever the‘ ne
cessity arises enabling'the Fourdrinier wire then
to: continue: in’ use.
The manner; in which such improved- patching
Of'theFOllI'dI‘iIiierWiI‘I-B is carried out‘ by this in;
vention and the manner in which the patch" is
prepared in. advance andth-en- applied to-‘the'wi‘re‘
is: hereinafter fully described- with reference to»
Fourdrinier' wire.
Asa rule the holes which occur in the Four
' d'rinier'wire necessitatingimmediate repair are
small, usually only'a, fraction of van inch in diam
The piece of‘ woven wire fabric or wire
mesh t'obe used‘ifor'making the patch in accord
ance with'my‘ method will’ therefore also be small,
for*~exarnple, from 3/4‘ to- 1- inch square on an
average.- The piece of wire fabric ‘la-in Fig. 1 is‘
assumeditobe such a piece cut tosuf?cient, size
to- make’ theid'esired patch. It is necessary with
nay-method that'the Warp strands in the woven
wire'fabrieto be used‘ to be of? sufficient ?neness
to=pass readily through‘ the meshes or interstices
of’ the‘Fourdrinier’wire'. I' have found that the
material ircm'whichthe patchv is made is satis
In the drawings, which are more- or'less» dia
factorilyr described to‘the trade: by stating that it
grammatic and in which the: various wires are
shownv considerably: enlarged for the‘ sake of 50 is “about 5‘ points ?ner" mesh’ than the Four-v
drinier- wire.” The piece of patching fabric
shownvinl the ?gures-‘is assumed to be of this ap~
Fig. I shows a1 piece of woven wire fabric of‘
proximater?ne'ness as compared with‘ the ?ne
?ne- wire‘ mesh cut‘ to the approximate size: de-v
ness-of the Fourdrini'er-r wire l5 (shown in Figs.
sired for the patchand suitable‘ for being" formed
the: accompanying drawings. 7
into-my prepared-patch;
9‘- and ‘~1-'0'-)*-." '
The ?rst step in forming the cut-out piece of
material into my improved patch is the removal
of several “shute” (or woof) wires at each end
of the piece. I have found it preferable to re
move four “shute” wires from each end, this
number being su?icient for my purpose.
Fig. 2
by bending them over the corner edge of a block
or any other suitable object. Fig. 6 shows the
piece after this has been done. The patch is
now ready to be attached to the Fourdrinier wire.
The attaching of the patch to the Fourdrinier
wire is a. simple operation requiring only a. few
shows ethe piece of patching material with these
minutes and thus requiring only a momentary
“shute” wires removed leaving th'e ?fth “shute”
shut down of the machine. The pro-formed and
wires II and I!’ as the last “shute” wires at each
prepared patch is held against the top side of
end. This removal of the “shute” wires is done 10 the Fourdrinier wire, positioned perpendicularly
to cause the ends of the warp strands to project
and transversely with respect thereto, with th'e
from each end of the piece as shown at I2 and IS
projecting warp strand ends In at the front end
in Fig. 2.
of the patch passing through meshes in the
Not all the warp strand ends can be used in
Fourdrinier wire a short distance ahead of the
attaching the patch to the Fourdrinier wire since 15 hole to be covered. The patch Will then be in
these are too numerous.
Therefore I use only
the alternate warp strand ends for this purpose,
and consequently the other warp strand project
ing ends should be cut off. I have found that
the most convenient way of doing this is to insert
some thin instrument, such, for example, as a
dentist's nerve probe, indicated at M in Fig. 3,
across between adjacent warp strands into the
position formerly occupied by the fourth or last
removed “shute” wire at each end.
This causes
the projecting warp strand ends to be separated
into two alternate groups, l2a and 121), thus with
half of the warp wires l2a on one side of the
instrument l4 and the other warp wires lZb on
the other side of the instrument (Fig. 3).
of these groups lib may then easily be bent
down at right angles if the packing piece is held
against a block of wood or other convenient
the relative position indicated in Fig. 7. These
forward warp strand ends protruding from the
underside of the Fourdrinier wire should be bent
over in the opposite direction from the travel of
the Fourdrinier wire to secure the forward end of
the patch in place. The direction of travel is in
dicated by the arrows at in Figs. 9 and 10. This
bending of the protruding ends ordinarily can
easily be done by hand, or, if preferred, the Four
drinier wire can be run slowly over the suction
box which‘ will produce the desired bending over
of the protruding ends.
The patch is now tilted back until it lies ?at
on the top face of the Fourdrinier wire, and dur
ing this positioning of the patch the warp strand
ends l3a at the rear end of the patch, which had
been .‘bent at right angles to the patch, are pushed
through meshes of the Fourdrinier wire, and
corner surface. Fig. 4 shows the warp wire ends
these ends are ?nally hooked over on the under
!2b and I3?) bent down in this manner. These
side of the Fourdrinier wire also in the opposite
bent down ends can now be easily sheared oil
direction from the travel of the Fourdrinier wire.
by a pair of scissors without cutting the other
This secures the rear end of the patch in place
warp strand ends PM or I311. The stubs of the
on the Fourdrinier wire. It will be obvious that
cut-off warp strands are next bent around the
if the warp strand ends were bent over in the
?fth “shute” wire at each end, as shown at IS in 40 opposite direction, viz. in the direction in which
Fig. 5. This makes the patching piece stronger
the Fourdrinier wire travels, the ends would en
by holding the end “shute” wires more ?rmly
gage the edges of the stuf?ng box and the patch
and also prevents any warp strand ends extend
would :be pushed loose. All the warp strand ends
ing from the top surface of the patch when in
bent over on the under side of the Fourdrinier
place on th'e Fourdrinier wire. When the patch 45 wire should be smoothed down and this can be
ing piece has reached this stage it is desirable to
conveniently done if desired by running the
place the piece against a ?at surface and ham
patched Fourdrinier wire onto the suction box
mer the hooked stubs IS with a wooden mallet
edge and pounding the end of the patch with a
which will insure their lying ?at against the un
small wooden mallet.
derside of the patch, both ends of the piece being
that a, very few min
treated identically.
utes will be required to attach the patch in place
The remaining warp strand ends l2a and Ba
on the Fourdrinier wire and consequently, if the
projecting from the ends of the patching piece
patching piece has been prepared in advance in
will still be kinked and present a zig zag appear
anticipation of such emergency according to the
ance, as shown in Fig. 5, and it is necessary to 55 manner which I have described, only a minimum
straighten out each one of these extending ends
amount of time is lost in making such repairs.
before proceeding further. This is a rather tedious
Although I developed my method of patch
step and I have found that the easiest way to do
ing the Fourdrinier wire at ?rst as only a
this is with a, pair of ?at-faced tweezers. The
temporary expediency with the idea of making
tweezers should be placed on the warp strand ends 60 a more or less temporary patch which would en
close to the ?fth “shute” wire and pulled out
able the Fourdrinier wire to continue in service
and off the ends of the strands, pulling them
for the time being and until more permanent re
and straightening the kinks in each strand. It
pairing, such as "sewing” the wire, could be con
is desirable to use a hand lens or magnifying
glass during this operation so that each strand
end can be clearly observed. Some of the warp
strand ends may have a tendency to turn 90°
so that their kinks lie in the other plane and in
such case an extra pair of sharp pointed tweez
ers should be used to grasp each of such strand 70
ends separately and straighten them individually.
The ?nal step in preparing the patch is to
bend the projecting straightened warp strand
ends l3a at the rear end of the patching piece
down at right angles. This is very easily done
veniently performed, for} example, when the plant
was shunt down on a Sunday, I found that a
patch made and secured in place in accordance
with my method lasted as long on the average
and proved fully as satisfactory as the “sewed”
patches and other more laborious methods of re
pairing worn holes in the Fourdrinier wire. Oc
;casionally it happens that a hole in the'Four
drinier wire which has been patched once, will,
if the patched wire continues in use for several
weeks, wear larger until it extends beyond the
patch border at one side. However, my method
2,408,422 .
of patching offers an additional. advantage under I removing several “shute” wires from opposite
ends of said piece so as to leave the warp strand
such circumstances in that the patch canvbe re
- ends projecting from the ends of said piece, bend- .
moved from the Fourdrinier wire just as easily
ing down the alternate projecting warp strand
as it is applied and a larger patch‘then substi
ends, cutting off said bent-down warp ends and
tuted in its place, this again requiring only a few
turning their stubs {back against the under side of
minutes at most. For this reason it is desirable
the adjacent "shute” wire to prevent said stubs
to have a supply of several patching pieces of dif
from extending from the top surface of the patch,
ferent sizes made up in order that holes of differ
ent size can immediately be taken care of at any ‘ straightening out the kinks in said remaining pro
jecting warp ends to facilitate their insertion in
the meshes of the Fourdrinier wire, bending down
It is of course possible to have patching pieces
the warp strand ends extending from the rear end
of different sizes specially woven for carrying out
of said piece until they are approximately at right
my method, thus with some of the “shute” wires
angles to said piece, inserting the warp strand
omitted and also with the warp strands formed
straight instead of kinked at the places where *' ends at the forward end of said piece through
meshes- of the Fourdrinier wire slightly ahead
the “shute” wires are omitted. , This would save
of the place to be patched by holding said patch-_
‘the trouble of removing the “shute” wires from
ing piece against the Fourdrinier wire while po
the patching piece and _ also the trouble of
sitioned perpendicularly and transversely there
straightening out the warp strand ends'project
on, securing the forward end of said patching
ing from the ends of the patching piece. Also
piece in place on the Fourdrinier wire by bend
the warp strand ends at both ends of the finished
ing said forward warp strand ends back against
patching piece could be bent down at right an
the under side of the Fourdrinier wire in the di
gles to the piece and both groups inserted simul
. rection opposite to the direction of Fourdrinier
taneously through meshes in the Fourdrinier wire
wire travel, tilting said patching piece back down
as the patch is applied. I prefer, however, to
on the Fourdrinier wire and inserting the bent
leave the warp ends at the forward end of the
down warp ends at the rear of said piece through '
piece extending in the same plane and to attach
the Fourdrinier wire until they patching piece lies
the patching piece in the way previously de- '
flat against the top face of the Fourdrinier Wire,
and securing the rear end of said patching piece
in place by bending said rear warp ends back on
The method of patching the Fourdrinier wire
the under side of the Fourdrinier wire in the di-'
in a paper-making machine comprising cutting
rection opposite to the direction of Fourdrinier
a piece of woven wire fabric of ?ner mesh than
wire travel.
the Fourdrinier wire to proper size to extend over
the portion of the Fourdrinier wire to be patched,
I claim:
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