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Oct- 1, 1946-
I c. w. BRANDON ETAL
2,408,505
RECEPTACLE FOR FLUIDS
Filed March 28, > 1945
3 Sheets-Sheet 1
.?ZarazzaelI/irarziazz
Oct 1, 1946.
c. w. BRANDON‘ HAL
2,408,505
RECEPTACLE FOR FLUIDS
Filed March 28,. 1945
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Inventar:
Patented Oct. 1,’ 1946
2,408,505
UNITED' STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,408,505
RECEPTACLE, FOR FLUIDS
Clarence W. Brandon, Newport, and George M.
Brandon, Tallahassee, Fla.
1
Application March 28, 1945, Serial N 0. 585,360
16 Claims. v(o1. 114-74)
This invention relates to a receptacle for ?uids
and more particularly to such a receptacle
adapted to contain ?uids, such as petroleum
products during transportation thereof.
A primary object of this invention is the pro
vision of an'improved ?uid containing receptacle
2
volatile ?uids may escape, when the temperature
of the liquid increases, and provided with means
whereby the condensate of these vapors may be
returned to the tank as the temperature, and
01 the corresponding volume of the ?uid in the tank
decreases.
'
provided with means whereby the same may be
A further and more speci?c object of the in
readily ?oated in a body of water, and towed as
vention is the provision of means in association
by a' boat to a desired destination, and so ar
with such a tank whereby the quantity of ?uid
ranged and constructed that the same receptacle 10 introduced into'the same may be governed in
may be ‘readily removed from the water and
accordance with the speci?c gravity of the liquid
transported overland on a truck, a railway car,
involved.
.
or the like.
A further speci?c object is the provision of
A'iurther important object of this invention is
means in association with such a tank whereby
the provision of an improved tank characterized
the amount of liquid placed therein may be varied
by ‘a ba?le or shell of arcuate con?guration clos
in accordance with the temperature of the liquid,
ing oil‘ a portion thereof, whereby the tank will
?oat in an upright position, with a marked in
crease in stability.
An additional and important object of this in
vention is the provision of an improved tank
provided with a protecting shield, whereby the
tank may be let into the direct rays of the sun
or the like, and the shield or dead air space will
serve effectively to prevent too great a heat strik-
ing directly the contents of the tank.
A still further object is the provision of such
a tank characterized by internal construction in
such manner that the tank will ?oat upright and
level, and not as is customary in plain cylindrical
tanks with one end or the other downwardly.
A still further speci?c object is the provision
‘of a tank, of the character described, which when
on land will right itself automatically when
loaded.
'
A still further object is the provision of a tank
and consequently its volume, in order to retain
the tank substantially full at all times.
,An additional speci?c object is the provision
of such a tank provided with an improved means
permitting fluid to over?ow into the vapor com
partment on increase in temperature, and return
to the tank on decrease in temperature.
Still another object of the invention is the pro
~ vision of such a tank provided with means where
by a plurality of tanks may be secured together
in related assembly to provide a tank train,
which may be towed through a body of water.
‘Another and more speci?c object is the pro
30 vision of means whereby such a tank may be
readily secured to a land vehicle for transporta
tion thereon. '
Still other objects reside in such a tank which
will be sturdy and durable in construction, re
liable, buoyant, stable, and e?icient in operation,
and relatively simple and inexpensive to manu
facture and assemble.
sulating, and collision safe guard compartments
Other objects reside in the combinations of ele
on the ends and sides thereof, such-compart
ments, arrangements of parts, and features of
m'ents also providing additional dead air space. 40 construction, all as will be more fully pointed
Still another object is the provision of an im
out hereinafter and disclosed in the accompany
proved cylindrical tank, provided with means
ing drawings wherein there is shown a preferred
whereby the interior braces or supports hitherto
embodiment of this inventive concept.
necessaryto maintain such a tank in proper
In the drawings:
structural relation may be substantially elimi
Figure 1 is a side elevational view of one form
of tank embodying this inventive concept, cer
A further object of‘ the invention is the pro
tain concealed parts thereof being indicated by
vision of a‘ cylindrical tank, so arranged and
dotted lines.
constructed that the main body thereof may be
Figure 2 is an- enlarged sectional view taken
maintained substantially full regardless of the
substantially along the line 2—2 of Figure 1 as
temperature or other conditions affecting the
viewed inthe direction as indicated by the ar
volume of the liquid containedtherein.
rows. ‘
A still further object of the invention is the
Figure 3 is an enlarged vertical sectional view
provision of such a tank provided with a recess
taken substantially along the center line of the
orspace into which the vapors or fumes of 55 device for‘governing a float valve controlling the
characterized by‘ the provision of buoyancy,‘in
nated.
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admission of ?uid into the tank in accordance
with the temperature and speci?c gravity of the
?uid.
Figure 4 is a fragmentary, top plan view of a
constructional detail of the device shown in
Figure 3.
Figure 5 is an enlarged sectional view taken
4
will occasion the opening of the valve, whereupon
any ?uid retained in the vapor chamber upon
the shield | | will ?ow into the tank, and be with
drawn with the balance of the contents thereof.
Referring back to the valve I3, as best shown
in Figure 5, it will be seen that the same com
prises a fitting 2'! to which may be secured a
?exible tube or the like for ?lling the receptacle,
substantially along the eenmr line of the tank,
within which is positioned a valve seat member
and showing the compartment in which the con
10 28 adapted to be closed at its upper extremity by
trol means and inlet valve are contained.
a valve 29, secured to a valve stem 30. The valve
Figure 6 is a fragmentary detailed View show
stem 39 is secured as by a pivot 3| to a rod 32,
ing one method of assembling a plurality of tanks
at the opposite extremity of which is positioned
into a tank train, and
a ?oat 33. The rod or lever 32 is fulcrumed at 34
Figure 7 is a fragmentary elevational view dis
to a rod 35 extending downwardly from the bot
closing an additional constructional detail
tom of a casing 38 comprising a portion of the
adapted to be utilized in conjunction with the
control member l4.
tank, when the same forms the warmest tank of
As best shown in Figure 3, the rod 35 is pro
a tank train.
vided with a conventional swivel 31 of any de
Similar reference characters refer to similar
parts throughout the several views of the draw 20 sired type whereby the upper portion of the same
may be rotated with respect to the lever 32, and
ings.
extends upwardly through the casing |3 to the
‘Having reference now to the drawings, there is
exterior
of the shield H, and terminates in an
generally indicated at In ‘a cylindrical tank,
operating handle 38. The upper portion of the
closed at it's ends as by externally convex pres
rod 35 is threaded as at 39 and engages corre
vsure head It’. Positioned within the tank HI,
spondi'ng
interior threads on a sleeve 40 provided
and secured thereto in ?uid tight relationship,
with
an
operating
handle 4|. The exterior of
as by welding or the like, is an arcuate shield or
the sleeve 48 is also threaded as at 42 and is
shell 1H», having a greater radius of curvature
adapted to engage interior threads 43 positioned
than the arc of ‘a tank, and providing above the
interiorly of the housing 36.
?-uid containing base of the tank a vapor ‘escape
compartment of generally crescent shaped cross
sectional con?guration.
A recessed compartment |2 in the top wall of
the ‘tank 10 extends to the top of the shell I | and
is provided with a pair of spaced apertures,
through which vextend a valve ?tting l3 and a
control im'ember generally indicated as l4, both
to be more fully described hereinafter.
The recess i2 is provided with a’ hinged cover
A partition 44 extends interiorly within the
housing 36, in close juxtaposition with the rod
35, beneath which are positioned packing glands
or washers 45 held in position as by a packing
r nut 45, the parts being held in related assembly
as by an apertured cap 41 threadedly secured to
the lower portion of the housing 36,
The upper portion of the casing 36, which as
previously stated extends through a suitable
iii adapted to be held in place as by a locking 40 aperture in the shield H, in ?uid tight relation
ship therewith is provided with a peripheral
means it including a bolt and wing hut H, a suit
?ange 48 on the upper surface of which is a dial
‘able sealing gasket |8 being provided to retain
49 marked with suitable indicia. Each of the
the compartment |2 watertight when the tank
operating handles 38 and 4| is provided with an
is ?oated.
aperture 59 and 5|, respectively, through which
As best shown in Figure 2-, the shell I | is pro
the indicia on the dial '49 may be viewed.
vided with 'a centrally disposed aperture I9, from
It may be here pointed out that the interior
which a pipe‘ 29 extends upwardly to the outer
and
exterior threads of the sleeve 40 are oppo
periphery of the tank 10, and thence curves in
sitely disposed, in such manner that the sleeve
two divergent branches 2| to openings 22 posi
40 may be rotated by the operating handle 4| in
tioned adjacent the juncture of the shell H with 50 dependently
of rotation of rod 35 by operating
the side wall of the tank ill but spaced slightly
handle 38. That is to say, that rotation of the
therefrom, the arcuate member 2| closely con
operating handle 4| will, through movement of
forming to the con?guration of the top of the
the sleeve 40, vary the position of the ?oat 33,
tank Hi. ‘Flu-id diffusing baffles 1213 are positioned
and hence the adjustment of the valve 29 to a
interiorlyci the pipe 1 9.
lesser degree than were ‘rotation of the operating
‘Float valves ~25 of conventional construction
handle. Accordingly, the handle 38 may be set
adapted to remain in closed vposition so long as
as may be desired until a desired numeral on the
the ?oat thereof is immersed in ?uid are ‘posi
dowel 419 is visible through the aperture 50, such
tioned at the opposite extremities of the juncture
numeral indicating the temperature of the ?uid,
of the shield -| | with the tank I'll,
or the surrounding atmosphere, as previously de
From the Lforegoing it will now be seen that
termined,
and the operating lever 4| correspond
when the tank 1| E2 is ?lled completely in a manner
ingly adjusted until a desired numeral on the dial
to be more 'fully described hereinafter in such
'49 is visible through ‘the aperture 5|, such nu
manner that the fluid obstructs the under sur
meral indicating the speci?c gravity ‘of the fluid
face of shield >|>|, expansion of the ?uid, as might
with which the tank is to be filled, After the
be occasioned ‘by an increase in temperature
setting has been obtained, which latter ‘setting
causes ‘a certain quantity thereof to ‘pass through
the pipe 29 into the pipe 2| and thus ‘into the
may be determined mathematically by means of
charts or formulae ‘or the like, the ?oat valve is
so arranged that the ?oat 33 is positioned'to close
‘and the upper surface of the tank H). As the
the valve when the exact quantity of ?uid in
temperature is reduced, a syphoni'ng effect may
accordance with temperature and speci?c gravity
be produced by the tube 2| to withdraw the ?uid
been admitted into the tank ill] to fill the
‘has
into the body of the tank. The valves 25'ar‘e pro
‘same'completely. ,
vided in order that when ‘the ‘tank vis ‘emptied,
Thus, it will ‘be seen that when the tank is
‘the ‘lowering of ‘the level of the ?uid ‘in the ‘tank 75
vapor expansion chamber between the shield II
5
2,408,505
?lled in the manner above described, the con
tents thereof are'maintained .substantially con
stant regardless of variations in'temperature by
means of the over?ow mechanism and ?oat valves
25 previously described.
‘
Additional buoyancy. and stability compart
6
1. Ina tank for the transportation of ?uids,
the combination of a cylindrical tank body closed
at its ends, an arcuate shield secured in ?uid
tight relationship to the interior of said tank
de?ning a vapor and buoyancy chamber, means
de?ning a recess in said chamber, valve means
for ?lling said tank in said recess, and a ?oat
control for said valve.
2. In a tank for the transportation of ?uids,
form elongated buoyancy chambers, which also 10 the combination of a cylindrical tank body closed
serve as bumpers in the event of collision between
at its ends, an arcuate shield secured in ?uid
the tank and other objects. ‘Still further com
tight relationship to the interior of said tank
partments are formed at each end of the tank
de?ning a vapor and buoyancy chamber, means
as by means of exteriorly positioned baliles 54,
de?ning a recess in said chamber, valve means
similarly welded to the tank, and thus serve 15 for ?lling said tank in said recess, a ?oat con
ments extend entirely along the sides .of the
tank, and are formed by arcuate ba?les 52 welded
to the sides of the tank as indicated at 53,1to
further to stabilize, ?oat, and protect the tank.
As best shown in Figure 6, suitable lugs 55
are positioned at opposite sides of the pressure
head I 0’, between which are adapted to extend
trol for said valve, and means for adjusting said
?oat in accordance with the speci?c gravity of
said ?uid.
.
3. In a tank for the transportation of ?uids,
links 56 for connecting a series or a plurality of 20 the combination of a cylindrical tank body closed
tanks in longitudinal alignment. Additional .
at its ends, an arcuate shield secured in ?uid
lugs 51 positioned on the sides of the tanks,
tight relationship to the interior of said tank
adjacent the extremities, are adapted to accom
de?ning a vapor and buoyancy chamber, means
modate similar lugs 58 on opposite tanks to
defining a recess in said chamber‘, valve means
secure a plurality of tanks in transverse align 25 for ?lling said tank in said recess, a ?oat control
ment. Similarly, lugs on the tops of the tanks
for said valve, and means for adjusting said ?oat
59 may accommodate transverse bars 88 to pro
in accordance with the temperature of said
vide lateral stability of associated tanks.
?uid.
Thus, it will be‘ seen that a plurality of tanks
4. In a tank for the transportation of ?uids, '
may be assembled into a tanktrain, in any de 30 the combination of a cylindrical tank body closed
sired‘ arrangement, a relatively Wide body of
‘at its ends, an arcuate shield secured in ?uid
tanks being utilized, if desired, in a broad sheet
tight relationship to the interior of said tank de
of water, while'a single or double line might
?ning a vapor and buoyancy chamber, means
be more advantageously utilized in a relatively
de?ning a recess in said chamber, valve means
restricted stream.
35 for ?lling said tank in said recess, a ?oat control
The lugs are so arranged that, if desired, a
for said valve, and means for adjusting said ?oat
rudder 6| (see Figure '7) may be positioned on
by independent adjustments in accordance with
the rearmost tank or tanks of the train to assist
a plurality of conditions.
in steering the same. Similarly, the lugs 51
5. In a tank for the transportation of ?uids,
may be advantageously utilized for securing'the 40 the combination of a cylindrical tank body closed
tanks to a vehicle, such as a truck or train when
at its ends, an arcuate shield secured in ?uid
the same is removed from the water.
tight relationship to the interior of said tank
The tank is particularly designed to be utilized
de?ning a vapor and buoyancy chamber, means
in conjunction with a transportation system,
de?ning a recess in said chamber, valve means
whereby the tank may be ?lled at the re?nery
for ?lling said tank in said recess, a ?oat con
or the like, and conveyed by any suitable means
trol for said valve,~ means for adjusting said
to a body of water, where a plurality of tanks
?oat in accordance with the temperature of said
may be assembled into a train and towed to a
desired distribution point. As the distribution
' ?uid, and an over?ow pipe extending from said
tank’ into said chamber.
point is passed or approached, a selected quan 50
6. In a tank for the transportation of ?uids,
tity of tanks may be detached from the train,
the combination of a cylindrical tank body closed
which then continues on its course, and the tanks
at its ends, an arcuate shield secured in ?uid
towed to shore where they may be removed from
tight relationship to the interior of said‘ tank
the water by means of suitable tracked behicles
de?ning a vapor and buoyancy chamber, means
or the like, and loaded upon trucks or freight 55 de?ning a recess in said chamber, valve means
cars for suitable further distribution. Obviously,
for ?lling said tank in said recess, a ?oat con
the process may be repeated until all of the tanks
trol for said valve, means for adjusting said ?oat
of the shipment have been distributed as desired.
in accordance with the temperature of said ?uid,
From the foregoing it will now be seen that
and an over?ow pipe extending from said tank
there is herein provided an improved shipping 60 into said chamber, said pipe having a plurality
tank for ?uids, such particularly as ?uid fuels,
of spaced lba?les therein.
characterized particularly by stability when im
7. In a tank for the transportation of ?uids,
mersed in water, by constant volume of content,
and by adaptability to land transportation with
the combination of a cylindrical tank body closed
at its ends, an arcuate shield secured in ?uid
a minimum of di?iculty, which accomplishes all 65 tight relationship to the interior of said tank de
the objects of this invention and others in
?ning a vapor and buoyancy chamber, means
cluding many advantages of great practical
de?ning a recess in said chamber, valve means
utility and commercial importance.
for ?lling said tank in said recess, a ?oat control
As many embodiments may be made of this
for said valve, means for adjusting said ?oat in
inventive concept, and as many modi?cations 70 accordance with the temperature of said ?uid,
may be made in the embodiment hereinbefore
and an over?ow pipe extending from said tank
shown and described, it is to be understood that
into said chamber, said pipe having a plurality
all matter herein is to be interpreted merely as
of spaced ba?ies therein, and terminating in an
illustrative and not in a limiting sense.
arcuate pipe conforming to the contour of the
We claim:
75 tank above said shield, the extremity of the pipe
2,408,505‘
extending to a point below the inlet ‘of said 'first
named pipe to form a syphon bond.
8. In a tank for the transportation of ?uids,
the combination of a cylindrical tank body closed
at its ends, an arcuate shield secured in ?uid
tight relationship to the interior of said tank
de?ning a Vapor and buoyancy chamber, means
de?ning a recess in said chamber, valve means
for ?lling said tank in said recess, a ?oat con
8
means for rotating said rod, and dial means con
taining indicia for indicating they position to
which said rod is rotated.
12. In a tank for the transportation of ?uids,
the combination of a cylindrical tank body closed
at its ends, an arcuate shield secured in ?uid
tight relationship to the interior said tank de
?ning ‘a vapor and buoyancy chamber, means de
?ning a recess in said chamber, valve means for
?lling said tank in said recess, a float control for
trol for said valve, means for adjusting said ?oat 10 said valve, and means for ‘adjusting said ?oat by
in accordance with the temperature of said ?uid,
independent adjustment in accordance with a
and an over?ow pipe extending from said tank
plurality of conditions, said last-mentioned
into said chamber, said pipe having a plurality
means including a lever secured to said ?oat and
of spaced baffles therein, terminating in an
arcuate pipe conforming to the contour of the 15 said valve, a fulcrum for said lever, a threaded
rod rotatably secured to said fulcrum, means for
tank above said shield, the extremity of the pipe
rotating said rod, an internally and externally
extending to a point below the inlet'oi" said ?rst
threaded sleeve surrounding said rod, said last
mentioned pipe to form a syphon bond, and ?oat
mentioned threads being opposite, a threaded
valve means adapted to be closed when immersed
housing surrounding said sleeve, means for ro
in ?uid operable to permit escape of ?uid in said
tating said sleeve independently of said rod, and
chamber when the ?uid level in said tank falls
dial means containing appropriate indicia desig
below a predetermined point.
nating the condition to which said rod and said
9. In a tank for the transportation of ?uids,
sleeve are adjusted.
the combination of a cylindrical tank body closed
13. In a tank for the transportation of ?uids,
at its ends, an arcuate shield secured in ?uid 25
the combination of a cylindrical tank body closed
tight relationship to the interior of said tank
at its ends, and an arcuate shield secured in ?uid
de?ning a vapor and buoyancy chamber, means
tight
relationship to the interior of said tank de
de?ning a recess in said chamber, valve means
?ning a vapor and buoyancy chamber, said ar
for ?lling said tank in said recess, a ?oat control
for said valve, and means for adjusting said ?oat 30 cuate baffle being of a greater radius of curvature
than said tank, to define a crescent shaped cham
in accordance with the temperature of said ?uid,
ber in the upper portion thereof.
said last-mentioned means including ,a lever se
14. In a tank for the transportation of ?uids,
cured to said float and said valve, a fulcrum for
the combination of a cylindrical tank body closed
said lever, a rod rotatably secured to said rule
at its ends, an arcuate shield secured in ?uid
crum, and means for rotating said rod.
tight relationship to the interior of said tank de
10. In a tank for the transportation of ?uids,
?ning a vapor and buoyancy chamber, means de~
the combination of a cylindrical tank body closed
tight relationship to the interior of said tank
?ning a recess in said chamber, valve means for
?lling said tank in said recess, a ?oat control for
by independent adjustment in accordance with
the combination of a cylindrical tank body closed
at its ends, an arcuate shield secured in ?uid
de?ning a vapor and buoyancy chamber, means 40 said valve, and means de?ning additional buoy
ancy chambers extending along each side of said
de?ning a recess in said chamber, valve means
'
tank
to full 1ength thereof.
for ?lling said tank in said recess, a ?oat control
15. In a tank for the transportation of ?uids,
for said valve, and means for adjusting said float
a plurality of conditions, said last-mentioned
means including a lever secured to said ?oat and
said valve, a fulcrum for said lever, a threaded
at its ends, an arcuate shield secured in ?uid
tight relationship to the interior of said tank de~
?ning a vapor and buoyancy chamber, means de
?ning a recess in said chamber, valve means for
rod rotatably secured to said fulcrum, means ‘for,
?lling said tank in said recess, a ?oat control for
rotating said rod, an internally and externally
threaded sleeve surrounding said rod, said last 50 said valve, and means de?ning buoyancy cham
bers positioned at each end of said tank,
mentioned threads being opposite, a threaded
16. In a tank for the transportation of ?uids,
housing surrounding said sleeve, and means for
the
combination of 'a cylindrical tank body closed
rotating said sleeve independently of said rod.
at its ends, an arcuate shield secured in ?uid
11. In a tank for the transportation of ?uids,
tight relationship to the interior of said tank de
the combination of a cylindrical tank body closed
?ning a vapor and buoyancy chamber, means de
at its ends, an arcuate shield secured in ?uid tight
?ning a recess in said chamber, valve means for
relationship to the interior of said tank de?ning
filling said tank in said recess, a ?oat control for
a vapor and buoyancy chamber, means de?ning a
said valve, means de?ning additional buoyancy
recess in said chamber, valve means for ?lling
chambers extending along each side of said tank
said tank in said recess, a ?oat control for said
to full length thereof, and means defining buoy
valve, and means for adjusting said ?oat in ac
ancy chambers positioned at each end of said
cordance with the temperature of said ?uid, said
last-mentioned means having a lever secured to
said ?oat and said valve, a fulcrum for said lever,
a rod rotatably secured to said fulcrum, and 65
tank.
‘CLARENCE W. BRANDON.
GEORGE M. BRANDON.
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