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Патент USA US2408513

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Oct. 1, 1946.
‘T, J, GQLrHARD
FOG-NOZZLE
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~2,408,51_1
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Filed 001:. 27', 1945
I Inveni'or;
Patented Oct. 1, 1946
_ 2,408,511
UNITED STATE s ' PATENT
OFFICE
2,408,511
Foe NOZZLE
Thomas J. Gothard, Los Angeles, Calif.
Application October 2'7, 1943, Serial No. 507,790
"
(Cl. 299-426)
6 Claims.
1
supply line.
devices that are used for breaking up a liquid or,
other suitable matter to such'an extent as to
,
»
The fog-producing parts are assembled in cer
tain units, of which more orless units may easily
be brought into operation on the same termina
forma ?ne fog-like spray on being discharged
into the open air.
2
a change without material reconstruction of the
My invention relates more particularly to such
_
tion of the; supply line, the termination being
The objects of this invention are, first, to pro
vide av rotating, mist- or fog-producing, ‘inter
the‘ tubing member ll. When less units are
wanted, a plain tubing in form of a sleeve I6 is
nally-driven control-member; second, to provide
placed over a portion of the tubing member ll
tangentially-acting jets in a centrally disposed
structure; third, to make this structure in part 10 whereby some of the supply-openings l5 are
. maintained closed. The tubing‘member II can
of a split ring in oppositely disposed sections
be made in any desired or required length to
with cooperating grooves or channels in the op
'facilitate'the
use of any desired number'of units
posite faces; fourth, to mount these several parts
of fog-producing parts.
in units, of which more or less may beco-mbined
One, or each of such units consists of
to assure a desired amount of fog, or desired 15
ingrings ll; a split, or sectioned jet-ring l8; and
‘amount of discharged matter; and having other
the rotor It.
details and features that may easily be recognized
and understood from the following speci?cation,
When two, or more, of the units are in use, one
view of the rotor with sharp-edged pockets; Fig.
the outer rings, one vnear the top, that is below
the cap i4, and the other ring near the bottom,
de?ecting ring may be sufficient between two ad
appended claims, and accompanying drawing, in
20 joining units.
' .
which
s In such a case, the deflecting ring is simply
Fig. 1 is a fragmentary vertical mid-sectional
provided with notches 2! on both edges, though
view of the complete fog-nozzle; Fig, 2, a plan
3, a fragmentary plan-view of a slightly modi?ed
form of rotor, with rounded actuating pockets;
Fig. 4, a fragmentary section through the assem;
bly online é-—li of Fig. 1; Figs. 5 and 6, the op
against the shoulder 22 of the central tubing H,
where the outer sides and edges would have no
effect on any discharge from this fog-nozzle, need
no notching. The purpose of this notching will
positely disposed faces of the jet-ring-sections;
Figs. '7, 8, 9 and i0, fragmentary plan-views and 30 be described presently, ,
' Matter, to pass through ‘this fog-nozzle, enters
cross sections of slightly modified forms of de
through the end 12 of the central tubing mem
?ecting rings.
ber, to then escape through the openings l5, from
Similar numerals refer to ~ similar parts
which it passes through channels a, that act in
throughout the several views and throughout the
the manner of jets towards the rotor 19, which
The central tubing member i ii is provided'with 35 for this purpose is provided with cross-pockets
2B, of which the ends face the previously-named
a threaded portion l2 at one end, by which the
device may be applied to any liquid-supplying
notches 2i, to thereby discharge from this de-_
apparatus, such as a water main; and has, at the
vice.
opposite end another threaded portion 13, to
The channels a are provided in the oppositely
which‘ a cap I4 may be applied to hold all other
disposed faces of the halves of the ring [8 in the
parts in proper position on the tubing member. ,
manner more clearly illustrated in Figs. 5 and 6;
The tubing member is also provided with a num
the channel (11 in the face of one ring-half being
ber of supply-openings l5 by which a supplied
‘disposed in the opposite direction of the channel
liquid, or other matter, may escape from the
(11-1 in the face of the other ring-half so that,
inside of the tubing towards the outside.
' when the'two ring-halves are put face to face,
Right here it should be understood that mat
these two half-channels form a single jet to act
ter to be handled by this present device and in
upon the rotor. The other channels on 8: (12-2;
vention is not onlynecessarily plain water, or
as 8:‘ azeg; and a4 31 (14-4 complete the jet ‘system
even liquid, but that gaseous, or other sorts of
as illustrated. However, it should be understood
mixtures, may be agitated suitably to discharge 50 that more or less jets can be provided, being in
in form of a desired fog.
practice largely a matter of requirement as to
Moreover, inasmuch as it is a quite common
the amount to be discharged through this device.
requirement that a smaller or larger amount of
The cross-pockets of the rotor, of course, also,
fog be produced from one and the same supply
may be of diiferent form, sharp-cornered as illus
line, the device is designed so as to facilitate such
speci?cation.
V
,
_
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2,408,511
3
4
trated in Fig. 2, rounded as illustrated in Fig. 3,
or otherwise when so desired or required.
by said jets and to discharge towards said vapor’
izing edges.
And, also, the de?ecting rings may have V
shaped, sharp-cornered notches 2| as illustrated
?ecting and vaporizing notches in the opposite
2. In a fog-nozzle, a de?ecting-ring having de
in Figs. 7 and 9, or square-shaped as illustrated 5 ?at faces open towards the circumferential edge
of the ring.
in Figs. 8 and 10, or otherwise.
The spacing of the rotor I9 is shown somewhat
more than it may be in actual practice. This
showing is made only to indicate that the rotor
is free to move between the adjoining de?ecting
3. In a fog-nozzle, a tubing member having
connecting means at one end formed to serve for
connection with a supply source and having con
necting means at the opposite end for engaging
rings for‘illustrative reasons, since 'all the other
a closing cap and having furthermore a shoulder
portion on the outside near the ?rst-named end
parts are assembled on the central tubing mem
ber H tightly pressed between the shoulder 22
and having also outlet openings extending from
and the cap M whereby any passing or handled
the inside towards the outside, a ring having
matter is prevented from escaping any other way 15 jets extending from its inner cylindrical face in
but through the described channels, openings,
communication with’ said openings towards its
and jets, and notches, and cross-pockets.
outer cylindrical face in a tangential direction
This arrangement also facilitates a quick and
from the point of communication with the open
easy exchange and arrangement of units when
ings, de?ecting-rings having de?ecting notches
more or less units are wanted. On a removal of 20 in portions of the flat faces outside of the ad
the cap, the units may be removed or replaced,
joining jet-ring and open towards the periph
the rings H’ and i8 being not at all necessarily
eral edges of the de?ecting-rings, a rotor on the
tight-fitting on the tubing member H, the end
?rst-named jet-ring and between the de?ecting
clampingby the cap taking care of sealing re
rings and having actuating pockets in its inner
quirements.
25 cylindrical face and extending towards both ?at
The tubing member 1 l is made long enough to
faces of the rotor to discharge towards the oppo
allow an arrangement of the desired number of
units between the cap and the shoulder 22; dif
sitely disposed de?ecting rings and particularly
towards the de?ecting notches, a cap engaging
the second-named connecting means of the tub
ferent lengths of sleeves I6 being provided to
facilitate the mounting of more or less units, a 30 ing member for holding the several rings tightly
shorter sleeve, or none at all, being slipped on
when more units are desired on the tubing H.
against said shoulder portion, and an adapter
sleeve to facilitate the mounting of any required
number of units of rings and rotors between the
cap and the shoulder portion.
The matter passing through this device is bro
en up, vaporized, diffused, or suitably converted
into a fine fog, by the fact that it is forced against
4, In a fog-nozzle, a central supply structure
having an outer cylindrical contour about a lon
so many cross-faces that are even suitably rough
ened, as by the cross-notches in the rotor, and,
gitudinal axis and embodying means to discharge
particularly, when passing from the cross-notches
secantly of said cylindrical contour and in a
of the rotor against the notched edges of the
plane crosswise to said axis, a rotor with a cylin
de?ecting rings while the rotor is in motion, the 40 drical inner face in which there are actuating
different cross-notches of the rotor passing the
grooves parallel to said axis and crosswise to
different notches on the edges of the de?ecting
said discharge, and discharge-de?ecting means
rings.
,
slightly spaced from said rotor and on opposite
From the above, it should be understood that
sides thereof in the path of discharge from said
45
the rotor is acted upon in practically all direc
grooves, whereby the rotor is disposed ?oatingly
tions radially as the rotor moves about the jet
by the discharge between these de?ecting means
ring, and, inasmuch as the rotor discharges
and about said structure.
towards both ends against the two oppositely dis
5. In a fog-nozzle, a jet-ring with cylindrical
posed de?ecting rings, such discharging, also, acts
inner and outer faces about a common longi
tudinal axis and made in sections each of which
is provided with a face crosswise to the ?rst
named axis and faces and each of such thirdly~
upon the rotor from both ends, to result in a
?oating support for the rotor, not to require any
bearing action, and not being subject to any fric
tional wear-off or retarding, so that the rotor may
thereby rotate so much more readily to the slight
est pressure, and to, thereby, cause a so much
more effective vaporizing of the passing matter.
While I am aware of the manufacture and use
of other fog-nozzles, I claim:
1. In a fog-nozzle, a tubing with radially ex
5
named faces having channels secantly of said
outer face and extending from said inner to said
outer cylindrical faces, the channels of one sec
tion and the channels in the other section being
designed to unite to form joint-jets in the com
bined sections of a jet-ring.
6. In a fog-nozzle, a central supply structure
tending openings for discharge, a sectioned ring 60 embodying discharge jets, and a rotor turnably
with matching channels in oppositely disposed
mounted on said structure and having an inner
faces of the sections in form of jets which are
cylindrical face about a central longitudinal axis,
in communication with said openings and formed
said face being provided with actuating grooves
to discharge tangentially from the ring, de?ect
designed to receive discharges passing through
ing rings with vaporizing edges extending beyond 65 said jets for rotating the rotor under direct action
the peripheral contours of the ?rst-named ring,
of such discharges, the grooves being parallel to
and a rotor on the ?rst-named ring and between
said axis and crosswise to said jets throughout
the de?ecting rings and having actuating means
the length of said cylindrical face.
in its inner face in a position to be acted upon
THOMAS J. GOTHARD,
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