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Патент USA US2408542

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Oct. 1, 1946.
Filed March 9, 1944
_ 2 Sheets-Sheet- 1
7' BY
Oct. 1, 1946.
2,408,541 -
' Filed March v9, 1944
2 Sneets-Sheet'2
Patented Oct. 1, [1946
I 2,408,541
I 2,408,541.
‘- ' Ronald M. ,Wi1son,"‘Devon, Pai, assignon'by'mesne ; .7
assignments, tolfwilliam MéWilson’s Sons, Ind;
av corporationio'f ‘ Pennsylvania
I “Application March‘ 9, 1944, Serial'No.,525,'65%1
10-.Claims. (c1.v 2517-7163),‘ f '
This inventionrelates to faucets. More espe
helical compression spring 21 concealed in a hol
low jointly formed by ‘the button head 25 and
the‘ boss 26 and surrounding the stem 22 serves
cially it has reference to faucets of the self-clos
ing type designed for use with barrels 0r drums,
and operable by exertion of direct pressure 'upon
to normally maintain the closure , member [8.
yieldingly in engagement with its vseat. 'Project- '
the ends
aims of my
vare to's'iin
ing laterally from, the button head 25 are 'di
plify the construction of faucets of the kind re‘-'
' afnetral ears 28and 29 which are ‘normally posi
ferred to with ‘a view toward "reducing ‘production
Ytionedias ‘shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 3 but which
costs ;7 to provide tforthe‘locking of such/faucets
' upon partial‘ rotation of the head can be brought
against unauthorized operation; and to insure
into registry with similar ears .38- and 3| at oppo
site sides of 'the body, vIll. As shown in Figs. 1,
against the ‘possibility of leakage through the
faucets when locked in closed position.
Band 4', each ‘of the ears 30, 3|‘ is formed along
its opposite side edges with inclined cam ledges
How the foregoing and other objects and ad
vantages can be readily realized in practice will
appear from the attached drawings wherein
Fig. 1 is a perspective View 'of a faucet conven
iently embodying'my invention.
32 ford purpose presently 'explained'
15" In use,,_theffaucet is opened by exertion ‘of pres
sure ‘upon 'the‘fbi'itton head 25, whereby, through
thermediuni'wofthe ‘stem ‘22, the closure member
.18 is. moved away/from its ‘seat I“! to allow free
Fig. 2 is a longitudinalsectional ‘view of the
?uid ?ewrrom the vbody through 'the outlet l3.
Fig. ‘3 shows ‘the frontend elevation of the 20 ‘.When
fit is desired ‘to secure the faucet against .
faucet with a portion of‘ its actuating press but
the button head '25 is turned
ton broken away to ‘expose portions’to- the rear
"through a quadrant in one direction or ‘the other
7 thereof.
from the position of Figs. 1 and 3-to that of Figs.
‘ 4 and 5. During this movement, the ears.28, 29
with-the faucet locked against use.
25 on'the button head 25 are forced over the ‘cam
Fig.5 is an end view like’ Fig.‘ 3 but correspond} v
ledges ‘32 of the ears 35!, ‘31 on the body _l0 as a
ing to ‘Fig. 4.
consequence of which the valve stem 22 is drawn
- Fig. 6 is a view corresponding to Fig.-fa2'show
outwardly and the beveled washer l9 further
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary view in ‘side elevation
ing a modi?ed embodiment of \my invention.v
Fig. 7 is a‘fragmentary view showing the modi
?ed faucet in side elevation; and“
Fig. 8 shows the modi?ed faucet‘in front end
‘I ‘I
,As herein shown, my improved faucethas a
body I B which is_closed at its cuteriend as "at “
II and ‘open at its other or inlet, end asjat l2,
'an'd‘which has a lateral outlet l3 (Fig. 2). The
inlet end 12 ‘of ithe‘body i0 is externally ‘threaded
compressed with attendant tighter seating of the
closure member I 3. Upon eventual registry of
the ears 23,129 ‘on the head 25 with the ears 30,
3| on the body It], said head will recede slightly
‘as its ears drop intovthe intervals vbetween the
cam ledges ~32 on said ears‘ 30, 31. With this
_accomplished,a padlock such as indicated at L
in Figs. 4 and 5 is applied to one of thetwo reg
' ‘isteri‘ng' pairs of ears‘ 28,‘ 30/ Wear can be com
. as at l6‘ so that the faucet may be screwed intof
pens'ated forras may be required from-ftir'ne't'o
timeiby- adjustingthe closure member Ill-“along
the bunghole of the barrel or tank with which 40 the threaded portion of the stem 22, the packing
it is 'to be used.
Cooperative with a seat I‘! at‘ »
the inlet end of the faucet body is a closure mem
ber It! with a» circumferentially beveled washer‘.
l9 of resilientmaterial like rubber held between
rigid backing disks 2B and 2| in engagement with
shown at 33 insuring against leakage along the '
threads when the faucet is closed.
Referring now to the modi?ed‘ embodiment
shown in Fig. '6, it will be seen that the. faucet
body. Illa is prcvided’with a rearward threaded‘
screw threads at the innerend of a stem 22. ;
boss35 onwhich is screwed a hollow extension
From Fig. 2 it'will be noted that the stem 22 ‘
member 36 which surrounds the seat I 1a, and
passes out through a bearing 23 in the closed end
vwhich provides the threaded neck l6a whereby
portion ll of the body [0 and has integrally
j the faucet is screwedinto the bunghole of the
‘formed with’ it or secured to it at- its protruding 50 barrel ortank. One end of the spring 21a is
end, a button head 25, which, as will presently
engaged in airecess formed in the element 2la
be explained, also serves as a keeper element.
'cf the closure member [8a and the other end in
. As shown, the head 25 is hollow and slidably en:
igaged over an axial annular guide boss projec
Y. tion 26 at the closed end of the body “I. The
‘a recess 3'! in the rear wall of the extension 36
so as to act upon said closure member from the
Instead of being formed on a, cap as in
the body to permit application of a padlock or
the ?rst embodiment, the ears 28a, 29a. are pro
vided by a separate keeper element 38 which is
the like.
2. A faucet according to claim 1, wherein the
held in place between spaced shoulders 39 and
keeper element is in the form of a hollow press
40 (Fig. 6) at the outer end of the faucet stem
button head, which, jointly with an interengag
22a and said element 38 with capacity for being
ing hollow guide boss therefor on the faucet body,
turned about said stem into registry with the
provides a closed cavity for accommodation and
ears 30a, 31a on the faucet body IGa. As a means
concealment of the spring means.
for operating the ‘faucet I havehere additionally
3. .A faucet according to claim 1, further in
shown an upstanding press lever 4| which is piv
10 cluding cam means operative as the ear of the
oted at 42 to a bifurcated lug 43 projecting for
wardly from the faucet body lBa.
The upper
end of the lever M is inclined rearwardly so as
to overhang the faucet body llla and formed with
an elliptical hand press pad 44 whereof the up
., keeper element is brought into registry with the
ear 0n the body to induce an outward draw on the
"stem and thereby insure tighter engagement of
the ~_closure member ‘with its seat when the
per surface is roughened as conventionally indi-_ ' 1 faucet is locked.
" 4. A faucet according to claim 1, wherein a cam
cated. The lever 4| is restrained from falling, ~
surface on the body ear cooperates with the ear
forward from the normal vertical position in _
which it is shown through contact of the ?at edge ~~ " of the keeper element as the latter is brought
into registry with the body ear, to induce an out
45 tangential to the curvature of its rounded
ward draw upon the stem and thereby insure
fulcrum portion with the bottom of the clevis in
tighter engagement of the closure member with
the lug 43 on the faucet body Illa. In order to
its seat when the faucet is locked.
preclude the necessity for repetitive description,
5. A faucet according to claim 1, wherein raised
all other component elements of the modi?ed
cam ledges along opposite side edges of the body
faucet not speci?cally referred to but having
ear individually cooperate with the ear on the
’ theirccunterparts in the ?rst described embodi
element depending upon the direction in
ment are designated by the same reference nu
which saidelement is rotated incident to registry
merals previously employed with addition, how
of- the ear of the latter with said body ear, to
induce an outward drawupon the stem and there
ever, in each instance, of the letter “a” for con
venience of ready distinction. The modi?ed fau
cet is operated simply by pressure of the hand
upon the pad 44 as a result of which the lever
4| is moved inwardly, this being attended by cor
responding movement of the stem 22a and the
displacement of the closure member l8a from
its seat l‘la. Locking of the faucet is eifected in
by insure tighter engagement of the closure mem
ber with its seat when the faucet is locked; and
wherein under the in?uence of the resilient por
tion of ‘the closure member after registry is
elfected, the ear on the keeper element is caused
to recede slightly into full contact with the body
ear in the interval between the two‘ ledges.
generally the same manner as'described in con
nection with the ?rst embodiment, i. e., by turn
ing the keeper element 38 from the normal in
active dot-and-dash line angular position which
i it normally occupies to the full line position
shown in Figs. '7 and 8, whereupon the padlock
L’ is applied to prevent subsequent unauthorized
6. A faucet according to claim 1, wherein the
closure member is adjustablealong the stem to
permit compensation for wear.
“7. A faucet according to claim 1, wherein the
closure member has a screw threaded connection
with the stem for the purposes of adjustment in
compensating for wear; and wherein sealing
Havingthus described my invention, I claim:
means incorporated with said closure member
the body; spring means to normally maintain the
‘connected to the faucet body and whichis adapted
l. In‘ a faucet of the character described, an 45 precludes leakage along the threads of said stem
when ‘the valve
axially-straight hollow body closed at one end
8. A faucet according to claim 1, wherein the
and open at the other, and having a lateral out
keeper element is rotatably mounted between op
let and an ear adjacent its closed end; a closure
posed shoulders on the stem.
member with a resilient portion adapted to close
9. A faucet according to claim 1, further includ
against a seat to normally prevent flow through
ing an actuating press lever which is pivotally
closure member in engagement with its seat; a
stem extending from the closure member through
to bear against the outer end of the stem. -
,10. A faucet according to claim _1, wherein the
the closed end of the body and axially movable
faucet body has a chamber adjacent its‘ open end
against the spring pressure to‘ open thevalve;
surrounding thev seat, and wherein the spring
and a rotatable keeper element at the outer end
means is disposed within said chamber‘ and acts
.of the stem having an
upon theoclosure member from the rear.
rotation of said element from a normal inactive
. .
_' _
position is brought into registry with the ear on
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