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Патент USA US2408563

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Filed May 28, 1943
o 7/29
036 îiq'
E’ Ä, ¿WL
Patented Oct. 1, 1946
Y 2,408,562
»Ottmar 1A: Kehle, r«liti-est Los'Angeles‘, Galif., as
v »signor Yto Adel ¿Precision Products Corp., a cor
poration 'ofï‘Califoi-‘nia
«mentation-linges, isnt-serai Nafii’ssteze
'e' 'chime (ci. zwi-2o.)
l2 .
'This invention ßrelate's' to ‘valves for controlling
the rate o'f flow Iof ñuid ‘from a îpump` for vother
fsource 'of supply under pressure to a :point of
applicatíbn o'r use ofthe íiu'id.
An object of my invention is 'tov provide 'a
now vcontrol valve unit `suchV as'clescribed which
is' comparatively small,> c'ompa'ct, light asl to
weight, simple 'as-to construction 'and ïmost reli
able'as to 'operationfor effecting the flow- vof anti'
-icing ñ‘uid at variable rates rfor- application to
"those .parts `of an vaircraft Where ice is likely
to form, ‘o'r on 'which `’parts ice` has formed and
plurality of 'such units for independent, Aoperation
with one of the units receiving thepressure lfluid
from the pump'and'supplying thegñuid to- each of
the other units, ythereby eliminating fa- separate
-fluid Vsupply line foreach unit;
With the foregoing objects in View», :together
With such vother objects and advantageswasemay
"subsequently appear, the invention resides in 'the
partsV and in the combination; construction vand
arrangementv of parts yhereinafter described-»fand
claimed, and illustrated by' w'ay vof "examplefin
the 'accompanying Adrawing', in which:
Fig. 1 isa front elevation fofa control valve
may be' removed upon' application of 'the fluid
embodying my invention;
thereto; said valve unit'being of course ’applicable
V'Fig. 2 is 'a vertical‘section‘al View taken'gon -the
to hydraulic and <other systems'` Where isimilar '-15
.line 2-2 of Fig. 1.;
ñow control is "desired,
Figi 3 isat'o'p plan view ofthe valve'unitïshown
Another- object of -rny >invention iS to vprovide
Figs. 1 and 2;
a valve unit vsuch as described rwherein‘~`a‘fnovel
Fig. 4 is 'a fragmentary 'toplplan‘ view of'two
arrangement -of valve members and anA especially
of my valve units coupled together'in'faccordance
designed operating meansA rmake ‘it’ possible .to 20
this invention;
eiïect a ready and most »reliablelcontrol vof the
Fig. öis'a'diagrammatic View showing 'the ap,
now of variable »amounts of fluid at the will of
plication Yof 4my valve unit Ito an- aircraft anti'
the operator with provision forsetting the oper’
ating means tol cause a, uniform norm-al flow
li’ig. 6 is -a 'fragmentary :side elevation, partly
from the valve unit, say at a ratel of -four lgallons
v»in section, »"o'f a v1‘nodiñedlform 'of "control valve unitV
or less per hour for preventing the formation
>Vembodying my invention.
of ice on the serviced part cr- parts, 4or quickly
Referring tothe drawing moreïspeciñcallmlpar
manipulating the operating- means to lcause a .
>'1 to 3 inclusive, it fis "seen 'that
greatly >increased¿emergency ¿flow .should the Woc
-foi'îïm ofrny »flow 'control valvefunit includes
casion so demand, say double `rthe -normalyrate so one
a rectangular »body member i navings'paeeapar'
c_f now,- the operating Atmeans when - released «from
allel valve receiving bores 2v zaini.4 3' ‘extending
the emergency -flow :position Yautomatically «re
transversely therethrough and ëp'rovi'ded'with out
turning to saidifnormalflow :position finger-1e em
let ports 4 and r'5 extending longitudinally ‘of the
bodiment of my invention and to the off'rïqr'neu
member from ï'p'oi'nts intermediate the ends
tral position infanother em'bodir-nent»ofY my Vinven
of the respective'bor‘es to opposite :ends of v.the
body7 member.
Another object >of- my invention is to :provide
a valve unit of the character `describedhaving
two‘outlets each controlledV by a valve-and an
operating means common to the valves >and in-->
clu'ding a single »handle movable _fromva neu
connection '6 4screwed in’to'on'e' ‘en’d '.thereo'fthrough
40 which fluid Aunder .pressure is deliveredv to 'said
bo're whereas the corresponding'end'of the `bore
3 is ‘closed’ by ascrew plug 'L Eluidlthus-ïdeliv’
tral position into normal‘flow positiontolcause
‘ered -to Ythe bore Í2 passes through ainfi'ntercorr'i‘
-municating'port 8 into the fbore 3 `Wnereby'tn‘e
but one valve to open, _and into an emergency
Vilkzíw' position in 'which bötlî vvalves will be
As here provided the bore v2 ïh'as ’aíñuid'ïintake
one intake kconnection vsupplies beth' valve bores
'with flui'cl"1ïnder pressure. "I-‘h'e' intercomnïufrïii;
catingport' 8- .is exten-ned transversely through
' vide a control valve-'unit 'such fas described in
,which a novel 'construction vland arrangement of
the body 'member `l at rightfangies"tothe-bores
2v >and 3 ¿butt/'is L'so fpo'si'tionedftl'lat >it bridges "the
space between and thereby ‘connects s'aiîi- lìói‘e's,
the ends» of this -pol‘t being lclosedand' :sealed-by
means fof' portions 'of angular "brackets ‘9\ and
sealing- ring‘s I0». These brackets are removably
secui‘ëdto 'the body f?îeinber I by means of bolts
I3 affording the mounting thereof on a suitable
support (not shown). This arrangement of the
port 8 and the brackets 3 makes possiblea ready
the end of the stem 23 and opens the valve I5
maintaining it open while the crank arm 33 en
gages the stem 22 and opens the valve I4. _Both
and eñcacious coupling or stacking of two or
more valve units as shown in Fig. 4 and as will
be hereinafter more fully described.
Valves I4 and I5 have stems of uniform diame
ter mounted in the bores 2 and 3 for controlling
the flow of iiuid from said bores into the outlet
ports 4 and 5. These valves are urged by springs
I3 to seat against the inner ends of tubular valve
seat member Il snugly fitted in the bores 2 and
3 and having marginal flanges I8 abutting annu
lar shoulders I9 in said bores. Ports 2B are pro
vided in the seat members I'I to afford commu
nication of the diametrically enlarged inner por
tions of the bores of said seat members with the
outlet ports 4 and 5 respectively.
Stems 22 and 23 for the valve members I4 and
valves are now open and ñuid will flow through
the bores 2 and 3 andout through the two outlet
ports 4 and 5 thereby delivering a greater amount
of fluid for an emergency servicing of parts or
part to be de-iced. The emergency operation
requires that the operator hold the handle in its
uppermost or emergency iiow position as shown
in dotted lines in Fig. 2 and upon release of the
handle the spring for the valve I4 will push the
handle back to normal flow position thereby mov
ing the cam 32 olf the stem 23 and disposing the
cam 3| in position to hold the valve I5 open while
the valve I4 is closed.
A feature important in this valve unit is that
the intercommunicating port 8 serves the pur
pose of connecting the bores 2 and 3 with one
I5 respectively, extend through the seat members 20 another and facilitates the coupling or stacking
I l and openings 24 in a plate 25 secured by 'screws
‘of two or more units together in an efficient man
>25 to one side of the body member I. This plate
ner as shown in Fig. 4. To do this the angular
closes the adjacent ends of the bores 2 and 3. Ex
brackets 9 on the valve units are removed and
pansible sealing rings 2l surround the valve stems
the units then placedfside by side with their ports
between the outer end-s of the seat members Il
8 in registration. Two of the plates 9 are then put
and the plate 25 there being crowding rings 28v
back on the outer sides of the >units to cover the
between the seat members and said sealing rings.
outer ends of the connected ports 8, and longer
Each of the valves I4 and l5 as here shown
bolts are inserted through the body members, the
-comprises a flanged head 23 formed integrally
bolt holes thereof being also aligned, and the
'with and being of larger diameter than its stem,
two units are thus coupled for independent op
and a cup-like valve member 33 of yieldable ma
eration except that the supply of pressure fluid
terial such as rubber or synthetic rubber which
'encompasses said head so as to present an annu
lar supplementary seal» against the associated seat
member Il' while surrounding the head 25 which i..
also engages the seat member. .The head 29 iits
snugly in the socket afforded by the member 33
land securely holds said member on the head. A
boss 35a on the member 3!) acts as keeper for the
vassociated spring I6.
In accordance with this invention the outer
'ends of the valve stems 22 and 23 project beyond
-the plate 25 so that they may be engaged by valve
operating means including cam surfaces 3I and
passes from one to the other of the units through
the connecting ports 8 and but one supply line
connected to one of the units need be used. With
'the plurality of valve units thus stacked, different
portions of the aircraft maybe serviced at will
and the units are compactly mounted and take up
but little room, it being unnecessary to run more
than two fluid lines from each unit except the one
to which the fluid supply line is connected. Fur
thermore, a distinct advantage results from the
u-se of the particular type of intercommunicat
ing ports 8 in a series of valve bodies stacked as
v32 and a crank arm 33. These cam surfaces andi 45 aforesaid, because the aligned ports 8 provide a„
straight unobstructed passage through the inter
"the crank arm are provided on the inner end of a
handle 34 pivoted on a pin 35 carried by flanges
38 on the plate '25. The handle 34 is held in
proper position on the pin 35 by means of a spacer
`sleeve 37 and a spring 38 as shown in Figs. 1 and> 50
3, said spring holding the parts against rattling.
.In its neutral or off position the handle 34 ex
.tends downwardly andA outwardly from the pivot
end 35 as_shown in full lines in Fig. 2, and the
>cam surface 3l which is planar, is disposed
angle to the outer end of the stem 23 of the
I5 and close thereto while the crank arm
>‘spaced well outwardly from the valve stem
at an
33 is
22 of
-the valve I4, both said valves being then closed.
mediate units of the series. This advantage re
-sults from the fact that only opposite side por
tions of said port 8 communicate with the pas
sages to which they deliver the incoming fluid.
Fig. 5 shows a diagram of a typical anti-icing
system as used in aircraft as when operating to
"supply a normal ñow of fluid, and which includes
a reservoir A, and a pump B for delivering fluid
vthrough a supply line C to a control valve unit D
embodying my invention. Line E leads from the
normal flow outlet port 5 of the unit D and line
vF leads from the emergency outlet port 4 of said
unit and said lines have a common outlet G where
In order to set the valve unit for a normal iiow 60 it is desired to apply the fluid. A relief line H
leads from the supply line C back to the reservoir
of anti-icing ñuid, the handle 34 is lifted so that
and is provided with a relief check valve J allow
»the cam surface 3I engages the stem 23 and moves
ing excess fluid to ñow back to the reservoir. In
»it to unseat the valve I5. When the corner of
the lines E and F are metering or restrictor valves
the cam surface farthest from the handle 34 be
comes approximately centered on the end of the 65 K and L set to allow fluid to ñow through said
.stem 23, the handle and cam means will be held
lines at predetermined rates, the valve K being,
lin position in which the valve I5 is unseated and
for'example, set to allow a flow of one gallon per
so remains until the handle is moved into emer
lhour or less and the valve L a flow of from eight
gency iiow position or back to neutral position.
to twelve gallons per hour. These valves are set
When the valve I5 is open the pressure ñuid will 70 to allow the requisite amount of fluid to be ap
4flow from the bore 2 through the port 8 into the
plied dcpending upon the size and other charac
bore 3 past the open valve I5 and out through the
-teristics of the part of the plane to be serviced.
-outlet port 5, the valve I4 remaining seated.
vWhen the two valves of the unit are opened maxi
y When the handle is lifted into emergency kiiow
mum iiow takes place to the part or parts being
position the convex cam surface 32 rides against 75 >Íserviced but ordinarily a lesser flow is normally
applied by vopening but one of the two valves of ~
the unit as hereinbefore described.
' A modified form of my invention shown in Fig.
_means for seating said valves, operating means -
6 is identical with the unit shown in Figs. 1, 2
and 3 except for’the arrangement of the cams
mounted on said body member for opening said
valves, and bolts to cooperate with said closure
and the operating'k handle. . For this reason those
means whereby two or more identical control
parts which are identical with corresponding
valve units thereof may be coupled'together with
the aforesaid intercommunicating passages
10 rthereof in registration with one another.
parts shown in Figs. 1 and 3 are designated by
the same reference characters while the modified
' parts are otherwise identified.
tercommunicating port, an outlet port for each
bore, valves in said bores for controlling the iiow
of fluid therefrom into-said outlet port, spring
Thus, the operat
2. In a ñow control valve unit, a body member
having a pair. of valve-receiving bores extending
ing handle is designated45 and is pivoted on a
pin 46 on the valve body in the same manner
as shown in Figs. 1,2 and v3, and has a planar
>cam surface 41, and a crank arm 48 for engaging
f the stems of the two valves. When the handle
45 is in neutral or off position it extends sub
stantially at right angles to the major axis of
the body member of the unit. The planar cam
transversely therethrough in spaced relation to
one another, means for intaking fluid under pres
sure -into vone of said bores, an intercommunicat
ing port extending transversely through said>
body member from one outer surface thereof to
an opposite outer `surface thereof and having
between its ends an intermediate portion which
surface 41 is then disposed close to the stern 23
and substantially ¿at right angles to the axis of 20 bridges the space between said two valve-receiv
ing bores whereby pressure fluid will flow from
the stem while the crank arm is spaced from
surface 41 engages the stem 23 and unseats the
said one bore to the other bore, outlet ports ex»r
tending longitudinally in said body member from
said bores through opposite outer surfaces'of said
body member, valves in said bores for controlling
the flow of fluid therefrom into said outlet ports,
valve l5 and when the corner 49 of this cam sur
valve operating means mounted on f said body
face is centered on the stem the operating means
will remain in normal flow position maintaining
member, and closure means mounted on said
body for closing the ends of said intercommuni
eating ports subject to removal to permit of cou
stem 22. The spring of the pin 46 operates tok
hold the handle in this neutral position.
Upon depressing ther handle 45 into the lower
' most dotted position as shown in Fig. 6 the' cam`
the valve l5 Vopen while the valve I4 is closed. „v
To effect an emergency or full iiowA operation
pling together the body members of at least two
of the valve units with the intercommunicating
ports thereof vin‘registration with one another.
of the unit, both valves are opened by raising the
handle 45 into the uppermost dotted position
shown in Fig. 6 whereupon the corner 56 of cam~
surface 41 will center on the stem 23 for the valve
l5 and maintain said valve open while the crankl
arm 48 engages the stem 22 and moves it to un
3. In an assembly of valve units of the kind de
‘ scribed, a plurality of valve bodies abutting each
other and extending in alignment in one direc
tion, each of said bodies having through it a pair
lof adjacent parallel bores extending at right
seat valve I4. While the handle is held by the
angles to the aforesaid direction, an elongated
operator in this emergency flow position, the two
valves are held open and ñuid flows from the two 40 valve structure in each of said boresv extending
axially of the bore which it occupies, each said
outlets 4 and 5 in maximum volume to the part
valve structure> comprising a spring tending to
or parts »to be serviced. On release of the han
close it, a head at one end which occupies a di
dle 45 the spring for the valve I4 returns the
ametrically enlarged end portion of the bore
handle to off position shown in full lines in Fig. 6.
which contains such valve structure and a stem
This form of my invention diiïers from the first
which carries saidv head and occupies the opposite
described form only in that the handle is movable
end portion of said bore, there being an annular
from an intermediate position in which both
passage around-said stem adjacent to said head,
valves are closed, in either direction and must
and an outlet laterally communicating with said
movev through the off position from normal ñow
passage, said head controlling admission of fluid
to emergency flow position and vice versa, Where--y
to one end of said passage, each of said valve
as with the handle shown lin Figs. 1, 2 and 3 the
movement is progressive Vfrom the lowermost andv
off position, ñrst to normal flow andv then to
emergency flow positions.
While I have shown and described specific em
bodiments of my invention I do not limit myself
to the exact details of construction set fortlnand
the invention embraces such changes, modifica
tions and equivalents of the parts and their‘for
mation and arrangement as come within the pur
view of the appended claims.
I claim:
1. In a ñuid control valve unit, a body member Y
having a pair of valve-receiving bores therein in
a parallel adjacent relation to each other, means
bodies having through it a horizontal intercom- ,
municating port consisting of a bore the width of
which spans the space between the aforesaid ad
jacent enlarged end portions of said valve-con
taining bores and thereby affords communication
between the latter bores, said intercommunicat
ing ports alining with each other to form a .
passage within the assembled valve units extend
ing in the direction of their alinement, closure
means for the opposite ends of said valve-receiv
ing bores, said valve stems projecting slidably
through said closure means at one side of each
. valve body, means operatively related to'the pro
jecting portions of said valve stems to operate
for intaking fluid under pressure into one of said
the valves, inlet means for atleast one of said
bores, an intercommunicating port extending
valve bodies communicating with at least one of
through said body member and so positioned that
its width bridges the space between said bores at
its said diametrically enlarged bore portions, and `
a point intermediate of its ends to afford the pas- 1
sage of pressure fluid from one to the other of said
communicating ports at each end of the assem- n
bores, closure means to overlie a side of said body
member for closing either of the ends of said in- l
closure means forthe outer ends of said inter
Ab_led valve units.
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