Patented Oct. 1, 1946 ¥ ~ U'Ni Ten 2,408,570 STATES » PATENT o F F1 c E .25408,570“ ` _ TURNDOWN SHIRT. COLLARV Leonardi U. Michael; Montreal; Quebec, Canada Application-October 6, 1945, Serial No. 620,678 2 Claims. ' 1' ` , (01:. z'--131)Y 2 . This invention relates to a one-piece shirt col an‘dfy neck banddeñning lining plies which is as lar, designed. -to fold along a- predetermined line. soeiated` with the» lining ply of Fig. 4 in forming The term “one-piece” as .used herein is intend the complete lining. ed. todesignate collars in which the neck band Figure; 6 isva plan View of a further fold line and liap portions of the facing plies are in one VCTI and neck band defining lining ply which, is> as piece as distinguished from: two-piecey collars in sociated with. the lining pliesof- Figs. 4 and 5 in which separately formed` neck band and flap por-V forming the complete lining. . tions are secured together by stitching. Figure 7 is a View showing how the lining plies Conventional one-piece collars are unsatis of Figs. 4 to 6 inclusive are assembled to form factory in that they tend to fold along lines other the complete lining. than those intended by the maker of the shirt The dotted line 5 in Figure 1 indicates the line and soon lose their original shape and symmetri of demarcation between the flap portion 6 of cal appearance. the collar and the neck band portion "I, It also Two-piece collars are open to the objection that indicates the line of fold along which the flap they show stitching and do not present a pleas portion of the collar naturally and consistently ing appearance when left open for hot-weather folds when turned down over the neck band por comfort. tion. The present invention provides a one-piece col The fiap and neck band portions of the col lar designed s0 that it will always fold along the lar are formed and defined by sewing in place same predetermined line of fold and will pre 20 between the one-piece facing plies 8 a special sent a pleasing symmetrical appearance regard lining presenting a single-ply flap portion 9 and less of whether it is worn buttonedl at the neck a relatively stiff multi-ply fold line deñning neck with a cravat or is left open-at the neck for hot band portion II). The component plies of the weather comfort. neck band portion of the lining are respectively Another important feature is that, in the open 25 indicated at II, I2 and I3. The neck band ply position of the collar, there is no unsightly eX I I and the flap portion 9 of the lining are formed posure of stitching to mar the appearance of the by a single strip of material which corresponds to the ordinary lining incorporated in a conven collar. More particularly, the invention consists in the tional permanently attached turn-down collar. provision of a one-piece shirt collar comprising 30 The intermediate neck band ply I2 of the lining is plies of facing material concealing an interposed an adhesive or fusibly ply which is interposed be lining presenting a normally limp and flexible tween and fused to the outer neck band plies single-ply flap portion and a relatively stiff mul I I and I3 to provide a relatively stiff fold line de ti-ply neck band portion having afold line delin lining neck band construction. in this connec ing upper edge along which the nap portion of tion, it will be noted that the lining -plies i2 and the collar consistently folds when turned down to I3 are dimensioned and shaped so that their overlie the neck band portion. , upper edges form, in effect, a projecting shoul der I6 at one side of the lining ply II which de A preferred embodiment of the invention is il fines the fold line 5 and the upper edge of the lustrated in the accompanying drawing, in which 40 neck band portion of the collar. In the present instance, each of the lining Figure 1 i's a plan View of my improved collar plies I2 and I3 is shaped so that it presents a as it appears when laid out in a fiat unfolded straight lower edge I4, relatively short substan condition. tially vertical end edges I5, and a convexly curved Figure 2 is a sectional View taken along the line 2-2 of Figure 1. 45 upper edge I5. The shoulder effect formed by the convexly curved upper edges of the lining Figure 3 is a fragmentary View of the neck plies I2 and i3 is sufficiently pronounced so that portion of a shirt to which the collar shown in ` the flap portion E of the collar will naturally and Figs. l and 2 is permanently sewn by any suit consistently fold along these edges when turned able method which renders the sewing incon down over the neck band portion 1. spicuous. The lining ply I2 may consist of any suitable Figure 4 is a plan view of a lining ply cor material which develops adhesive and stiffening responding to the ysingle-ply lining ordinarily properties when subjected to heat. It may con employed in permanently attached turn-down sist of any suitable fabric coated or impregnated collars. ’ With cellulose acetate or other substance which Figure 5 is a plan View of one of the fold line 2,408,570 3 4 l. A one-piece collar comprising two facing plies and a lining intermediate the facing plies, enables it to develop adhesive and stiffening prop erties when interposed between the lining plies said lining comprising a. plurality of plies, one of said lining plies being coextensive with the neck band and flap portions of the collar, and another of said lining plies being coextensive with the neck band portion only of the collar, said Il and I3 and subjected to heat. It may also consist of fabric having thermoplastic yarns woven into the texture of the fabric to provide a lining ply similar to that used in certain types of separable so-called “fused-ply” collars. second lining ply containing thermoplastic adhe sive, the upper edge of the ñrst lining ply being The component neck band plies I I, I2 and I3 of the lining are assembled, as shown in Figure '7, with the adhesive or fusible ply I2 interposed 10 connected to the edges of the facing plies, each of said lining plies being in flat engagement and between the outer lining plies II and I3, The three plies II, I2 and I3 are sewn together along adhesively united by said thermoplastic adhesive throughout their coextensive areas whereby stitching at the upper edge of the second lining fused together by the application of heat and/ or pressure. The complete lining is then sewn in 15 ply to the first lining ply is avoided, the upper edge of the second lining ply being convexly place between the facing plies 8, as shown in curved so that said upper edge forms a shoulder Figure 2, to form the complete collar which is at one side of the ñrst lining ply which defines then sewn to the neck band portion I8 of the the fold line and upper edge of the neck band shirt I9 by any suitable method of sewing which 20 portion of thecollar. leaves the stitching relatively inconspicuous, 2. A collar according to claim 1 wherein an Having thus described the nature of my inven other lining ply of similar dimension and shape to tion and the preferred embodiment thereof, it will the second lining ply is adhesively united by said be understood that various modifications may be adhesive to the second lining ply throughout their resorted to within the scope and spirit of the ap their lower edges as indicated at Il and are then pended claims. v Having thus described my invention, what I claim is: 25 coextensive areas and on the opposite side from said first-mentioned lining ply. LEONARD U. MICHAEL.