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Patented Oct. 1, 1946
¥ ~ U'Ni Ten
2,408,570
STATES » PATENT
o F F1 c E
.25408,570“ `
_
TURNDOWN SHIRT. COLLARV
Leonardi U. Michael; Montreal; Quebec, Canada
Application-October 6, 1945, Serial No. 620,678
2 Claims.
'
1' `
,
(01:. z'--131)Y
2
.
This invention relates to a one-piece shirt col
an‘dfy neck banddeñning lining plies which is as
lar, designed. -to fold along a- predetermined line.
soeiated` with the» lining ply of Fig. 4 in forming
The term “one-piece” as .used herein is intend
the complete lining.
ed. todesignate collars in which the neck band
Figure; 6 isva plan View of a further fold line
and liap portions of the facing plies are in one VCTI and neck band defining lining ply which, is> as
piece as distinguished from: two-piecey collars in
sociated with. the lining pliesof- Figs. 4 and 5 in
which separately formed` neck band and flap por-V
forming the complete lining.
. tions are secured together by stitching.
Figure 7 is a View showing how the lining plies
Conventional one-piece collars are unsatis
of Figs. 4 to 6 inclusive are assembled to form
factory in that they tend to fold along lines other
the complete lining.
than those intended by the maker of the shirt
The dotted line 5 in Figure 1 indicates the line
and soon lose their original shape and symmetri
of demarcation between the flap portion 6 of
cal appearance.
the collar and the neck band portion "I, It also
Two-piece collars are open to the objection that
indicates the line of fold along which the flap
they show stitching and do not present a pleas
portion of the collar naturally and consistently
ing appearance when left open for hot-weather
folds when turned down over the neck band por
comfort.
tion.
The present invention provides a one-piece col
The fiap and neck band portions of the col
lar designed s0 that it will always fold along the
lar are formed and defined by sewing in place
same predetermined line of fold and will pre 20 between the one-piece facing plies 8 a special
sent a pleasing symmetrical appearance regard
lining presenting a single-ply flap portion 9 and
less of whether it is worn buttonedl at the neck
a relatively stiff multi-ply fold line deñning neck
with a cravat or is left open-at the neck for hot
band portion II). The component plies of the
weather comfort.
neck band portion of the lining are respectively
Another important feature is that, in the open 25 indicated at II, I2 and I3. The neck band ply
position of the collar, there is no unsightly eX
I I and the flap portion 9 of the lining are formed
posure of stitching to mar the appearance of the
by a single strip of material which corresponds
to the ordinary lining incorporated in a conven
collar.
More particularly, the invention consists in the
tional permanently attached turn-down collar.
provision of a one-piece shirt collar comprising 30 The intermediate neck band ply I2 of the lining is
plies of facing material concealing an interposed
an adhesive or fusibly ply which is interposed be
lining presenting a normally limp and flexible
tween and fused to the outer neck band plies
single-ply flap portion and a relatively stiff mul
I I and I3 to provide a relatively stiff fold line de
ti-ply neck band portion having afold line delin
lining neck band construction. in this connec
ing upper edge along which the nap portion of
tion, it will be noted that the lining -plies i2 and
the collar consistently folds when turned down to
I3 are dimensioned and shaped so that their
overlie the neck band portion.
,
upper edges form, in effect, a projecting shoul
der I6 at one side of the lining ply II which de
A preferred embodiment of the invention is il
fines the fold line 5 and the upper edge of the
lustrated in the accompanying drawing, in
which
40 neck band portion of the collar.
In the present instance, each of the lining
Figure 1 i's a plan View of my improved collar
plies I2 and I3 is shaped so that it presents a
as it appears when laid out in a fiat unfolded
straight lower edge I4, relatively short substan
condition.
tially vertical end edges I5, and a convexly curved
Figure 2 is a sectional View taken along the line
2-2 of Figure 1.
45 upper edge I5. The shoulder effect formed by
the convexly curved upper edges of the lining
Figure 3 is a fragmentary View of the neck
plies I2 and i3 is sufficiently pronounced so that
portion of a shirt to which the collar shown in
` the flap portion E of the collar will naturally and
Figs. l and 2 is permanently sewn by any suit
consistently fold along these edges when turned
able method which renders the sewing incon
down over the neck band portion 1.
spicuous.
The lining ply I2 may consist of any suitable
Figure 4 is a plan view of a lining ply cor
material which develops adhesive and stiffening
responding to the ysingle-ply lining ordinarily
properties when subjected to heat. It may con
employed in permanently attached turn-down
sist of any suitable fabric coated or impregnated
collars.
’
With cellulose acetate or other substance which
Figure 5 is a plan View of one of the fold line
2,408,570
3
4
l. A one-piece collar comprising two facing
plies and a lining intermediate the facing plies,
enables it to develop adhesive and stiffening prop
erties when interposed between the lining plies
said lining comprising a. plurality of plies, one
of said lining plies being coextensive with the
neck band and flap portions of the collar, and
another of said lining plies being coextensive with
the neck band portion only of the collar, said
Il and I3 and subjected to heat. It may also
consist of fabric having thermoplastic yarns
woven into the texture of the fabric to provide a
lining ply similar to that used in certain types of
separable so-called “fused-ply” collars.
second lining ply containing thermoplastic adhe
sive, the upper edge of the ñrst lining ply being
The component neck band plies I I, I2 and I3 of
the lining are assembled, as shown in Figure '7,
with the adhesive or fusible ply I2 interposed 10 connected to the edges of the facing plies, each
of said lining plies being in flat engagement and
between the outer lining plies II and I3, The
three plies II, I2 and I3 are sewn together along
adhesively united by said thermoplastic adhesive
throughout their coextensive areas whereby
stitching at the upper edge of the second lining
fused together by the application of heat and/ or
pressure. The complete lining is then sewn in 15 ply to the first lining ply is avoided, the upper
edge of the second lining ply being convexly
place between the facing plies 8, as shown in
curved so that said upper edge forms a shoulder
Figure 2, to form the complete collar which is
at one side of the ñrst lining ply which defines
then sewn to the neck band portion I8 of the
the fold line and upper edge of the neck band
shirt I9 by any suitable method of sewing which
20 portion of thecollar.
leaves the stitching relatively inconspicuous,
2. A collar according to claim 1 wherein an
Having thus described the nature of my inven
other lining ply of similar dimension and shape to
tion and the preferred embodiment thereof, it will
the second lining ply is adhesively united by said
be understood that various modifications may be
adhesive to the second lining ply throughout their
resorted to within the scope and spirit of the ap
their lower edges as indicated at Il and are then
pended claims.
v
Having thus described my invention, what I
claim is:
25 coextensive areas and on the opposite side from
said first-mentioned lining ply.
LEONARD U. MICHAEL.
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