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Патент USA US2408629

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Oct. 1, 1946.~
2,408,628
‘|__ B_ GREEN
’ RAIL FASTENING
Filed Oct. 21, 1943
INVENTOR.
H544
155 5. GREEN
BY
>
2,408,628
Patented Oct. 1, 11946
UNITED STAT Es
PATENT]lorries ' >
' - ‘_ 2,408,628
ItAIL‘ FASTENING‘
7 Lee B. Green, LakewoocLyOhio
_
Application October 21, 1943, Serial’No. 507,117
(or. 238-321)
'7 Claims.
1
.
This invention relates to fastenings or anchors
for railway rails andaims to provide novel means
for this purpose which is very simple, economical
and efficient;
'
.
~
2
The tie plate II, as shown in Figs. 1 and 3, is a
substantially ?at metal plate having one or more
upstanding transverse ribs or shoulders I9 for co
operation with the ?ange I4 for gaging or locating
the rail. A desired number of the ‘openings Ho
and 18a for the cut spikes I1 and I8 are pro
.
Another object of my invention is to provide
an improved fastening of this character by which
vided in the plate at suitably located points.
a rail can be secured to a tie or other support
When the ribs I9 are provided on the tie plate the
opening I8a may extend therethrough as shown
Still another object of this invention is to pro
in Figs. 1 and 3. The openings I‘Ia and I8a are
vide an improved rail fastening involving the use 10 preferably somewhat larger in size than the stems
of a curved spike or clamp which can be very
of the spikes II and IB so that the tie plate can
and effectively held against longitudinal creeping.
economically manufactured and readily applied
have limited lateral movements. . The spikes I1
to a rail-supporting plate for securing the rail in
proper , position
and
preventing
creeping thereof.
.
and I8 usually also permit a limited vertical
movement of the tie plate II as trains pass over
longitudinal
I
the rail III;
A further object of the“ invention is to provide
of a tie‘ and a curved spike or clamp cooperating
in a novel mannerwith such overhanging portion
,
.
;
.
laterally projecting portion 2I at one side thereof
which overhangs the side facer22 of the tie I6.
This overhanging portion of the tie platehas one
or more pairs of spaced openings 23 and 24 there
tie'plate having a portion overhanging the edge,
of the tie plate.
7
As shown in the drawing, the tie plate I I has a
an improved rail fastening involving the use of a
>.
in in which ‘the clamps or spikes I2 are located
The present invention also provides a_novel
for clampingly holding the rail III to the tie plate
II. The tie plate shown in Figs. 1 and 3 has a
clamp.
1
of these openings on each side of the rail I0
Other objects and advantages of the invention 25 pair
and one of the clamps I2 is located in each such
will be apparent from the following description
pair of openings. However, if desired, the tie
when taken in conjunction with the accompany
plate can be provided with only one such pair of
ing sheet of drawings wherein
openings as in the case of the tie plate 25 shown
Fig. 1 is a perspectiveview showing a rail fas
in Fig. 4, in which event only one of the clamps
tening constructed according tov my invention.
I2 is used.
Fig. 2 is a sectional view taken through the rail
form of tie plate and a novel form of rail spike or
' The opening 23 is located in the tie plate II so
as to lieadjacent the edge of the rail flange I4
and tie plate to further illustrate my improved
fastening.
~
g
p
:_
I
-
and the opening 24 is spaced from the opening.
23 in a direction transversely of the rail, that is.
longitudinally of the tie plate. Both of the open
I
Fig. 3 is a plan view of the rail fastening shown
in Fig. 1.
g
_
Fig. 4 is a plan view of another rail fastening
ings 23 and 24 are so located in the overhanging
constructed according to my invention and em
bodying my novel tie plate and rail clamp and
Fig. 5 is a plan view showing how the noveltie
plate of Fig. 4 can be economically produced from
plate stock.
,
V
.
In the embodiment of the invention illustrated
in Figs. land 3 I show a rail‘ I0 supported on a
portion 2| of thetie plate so that when the clamp
40
or spike I2 is driven or installed in such openings
it will lie immediately adjacent the side face 22
of the tie I6 as shown in the drawing. In this
position the member I2 serves as an anti-creeper
as well as a rail clamp and effectively prevents
plate I I and clampingly secured thereto by means
longitudinal creeping of the rail I0.
cured to the tie I6 by cut spikes I1 and I8 driven
into the tie through suitable openings I‘Ia and
I8a provided in the plate. The spikes I‘! also
offset relation to the stem 26 and is adapted to,
engage the rail ?ange I4 in overlying relation
engage the rail ?ange I4 along opposite edges
substantially straight portion 26a depending from
The fastener I2, which is herein referred to as
of one or more of my novel spikes or clamps I2. 45 a spike or clamp, comprises a curved stem 26
The rail III is of a conventional form having a
having fastening or holding elements 2'! and 28
head I3 and a base ?ange I4. In the form of the
atv opposite ends thereof. The fastening element
invention here illustrated, the plate II is atie
21 is here shown as a head which may be of a
plate and is shown resting on the upper face I5
shape similar tothat provided on conventional
of a wood cross-tie I6. The tie plate II is se 50 cut spikes, that‘is to say, it projects laterally in
thereof.
Y -
thereto. The stem 26 comprises a relatively short
3
2,408,628
the head 21 and which may be of a quadrangular
cross-sectional shape and a curved or bowed por
4
extends only part way along one side of such plate
and has only one pair of the openings 23 and 24
for the spike or clamp l2. Fig. 4 shows a rail
fastening embodying this modi?ed form of tie
tion 26b. The curved stem portion 28b is tapered
or relatively reduced in thickness and provides
the clamp with a substantially flat reversely 5 plate and from this view it will be seen that the
curved tail portion. The holding element 28 pro
tie plate and clamp I 2 are used in a similar man
vided 0n the end of the curved stem portion 26b
is in the form of a hook adapted for anchoring
engagement with the tie plate I I when the curved
stem portion is sprung upwardly into the opening
24 of the tie plate as hereinafter explained. At a
point adjacent the junction of the straight stem
portion 26a with the curved stem portion 26b -I '
provide the clamp with a lateral projection or
shoulder 29 which engages the under surface of
the tie plate H and forms a fulcrum upon which
the spike rocks when being driven or installed in
the tie plate.
In Fig. 2 I have shown the clamp l2 in full
lines in its installed or driven position and have -
also shown the same clamp in construction lines
in its partially driven position. In such partially
driven position, I have shown the clamp [2 after
its curved stem portion or tail section 2% has
been passed downwardly through the opening 2.3
of the tie plate and just prior to the engagement
of the lateral shoulder 29 beneath the tie plate‘
i 5. By means of a suitable tool (not shown) the
curved stern portion or tail section 26b is lifted o-r
sprung upwardly toward the tie plate so as to
ner and serve a similar purpose to that explained
above for the tie plate II and the clamps l2 em
ployed therewith.
Fig. 5 shows how two tie plat/es having the plan
shape of the plate illustrated in Fig, 4 can be cut
from plate stock 35 so as to substantially elimi
nate waste. It will be noted that the tie plate 25
has a wide end 25a and a relatively narrower end
252) and that its straight edge portions 35 and 31
along one side thereof extend toward each other
for a portion only of the length of the tie plate
and have their adjacent ends connected by the
relatively inclined edge portion 38. When the
straight edge portions 36 and 31 are made of sub
stantially equal lengths, as shown in the drawing,
two of the tie plates 25 can be out from a single
piece of plate stock 35 as indicated in Fig. ‘5
and the two resulting tie plates will be of sub
stantially identical shape.
From the foregoing description and the ac
companying drawing it will now be readily under
stood that I have provided an improved rail fas
tening or anchoring means by which a rail can
be securely and resiliently clamped in proper po- '
move the holding element or hook 28 through the
opening 24. As the hook 28 moves upwardly
through the opening 213 the resiliency of the clamp
effectively held against longitudinal creeping. It
will cause the hook to snap to its full line posi
tion in which it cooperates with the tie plate in
form of tie plate usable in my improved rail
fastening and which can be cut from plate stock
anchoring the outer end of the clamp 12 thereto.
Such upward movement and springing of the
curved stem portion 281) causes the clamp to rock
or fulcrum on the shoulder 29 thereby swinging
the head 27 laterally and downwardly to its full 40
line position in overlying clamping engagement
sition on a rail-supporting plate and will be
will be seen also that I have provided a novel
substantially without waste. Likewise it will be
seen that I have provided a novel form of rail
clamp or spike which can be very economically
manufactured and can be easily installed or
driven in forming my improved rail fastening.
While I have illustrated and described my im
proved rail fastening and the features and ele
with the rail ?ange I .4 as shown in fulllines in the
drawing, The curved stem portion 25b of the
ments thereof in more or less detail it will be
clamp i2 is resilient in character, as above indi
understood, of course, that I do not wish to be
45
cated, and when the clamp has been driven or in
correspondingly limited but regard my invention
stalled as above explained the head 27 will exert
as including all changes and modi?cations coming
a strong but somewhat yielding clamping force
within the scope of the appended claims.
on the rail and will securely hold the rail to the tie
Having thus described my invention, I claim:
plate H so as to retain the rail in proper posi
1. In combination with a ?anged rail and a
tion thereon and effectively prevent longitudinal. 50
rail supporting plate ‘having a pair of Openings
creeping of the rail.
' spaced transversely to the direction or the rail
From Fig. 2 of the drawing it will be readily
and both located on the same side of vthe rail
seen that the curved stem portion 26b of the
?ange, a. rail fastener having a bowed resilient
clamp i2 is relatively long as compared with the
straight stem portion 25a and that the leverage 55 portion lying below the plate and extending away
from the rail and ends extending upwardly into
will accordingly be such that when the curved
said openings, one of said ends having means
stem portion has been sprung to its anchored po
thereon for anchoring the same in one of said
sition, the clamping force exerted by the head 27
openings and the other end having a holding por
on the rail ?ange M will be very great. Any tend
tion
thereon engaging the ?ange of the rail in
ency for the rail to creep longitudinally will be 60
overlying relation thereto, said fastener also
resisted by the clamping action of the member
having a shoulder thereon spaced from said other
l2 and its engagement With the side face of the
end so as to engage under said plate.
tie it and, if some creeping of the rail dces oc
2. In a rail fastening, a ?anged rail, a plate
cur, it will cause the clamp [2 to be tilted or
cooked and this will increase its gripping elTeot on 65 supporting said rail and having an opening ad
jacent the rail ?ange, and a fastener connecting
the rail and enable the clamp to further resist
the tendency to creep. The resiliency of the
said rail and plate, said fastener having a head
clamp l2 also enables it to function as a resilient
engaging said ?ange and a substantially straight
rail clamp which will permit a controlled rise and
stem portion extending down through said open
fall of the rail during the passage of trains there? 70 ing with a shoulder thereon engaging under said
over, without a destructive pounding of the tie
plate and a reduced stem portion curving lateral
plate on the tie.
ly outwardly in a direction away from the rail
The tie plate 25 shown in Figs. 4 and 5 is simi-,
below the plate and having its end anchored on
lar to the tie plate ll except that its portion 31
said plate, said outwardly curving reduced stem
which overhangs the side face 32 of the tie 33 75 portion being resilient for holding the fastener in
2,408,628
5
place with its head pressed against said rail
plate having a portion overhanging the edge of
- the tie and provided with a pair of openings
?ange.
>
spaced apart in a direction transverse to the rail,
3. In a rail fastening, a ?anged rail, a. plate
means
connecting the tie plate with the tie, and
supporting said rail and having an opening ad
means for clamping the rail to the tie plate corn
jacent the rail ?ange and a second opening
prising a member having a head engaging the rail
spaced from the ?rst opening in a direction away
?ange and a stem extending down through one '
from the rail, and a fastener connecting said rail
of said openings, said stem having a shoulder en
and plate, said fastener having a head engaging
gaging under the tie plate and a portion curv
said ?ange and a substantially straight stempor
tion extending down through the ?rst opening 10 ing' away from the rail alongside said tie and
provided with means for anchoring its outer end
with a shoulder thereon engaging under said
in the other of said openings.
'
plate and a relatively reduced resilient stem por
6.
In
combination,
a
tie,
a
?anged
rail, a tie
tion curving away from the rail below the plate,
plate having a portion overhanging the ‘edge of
the end of said reduced portion having a hook
15 the tie and provided with a pair of openings
thereon engaging in said second opening.
spaced apart in a direction transverse to the rail,
4. In combination, a tie, a ?anged rail, a tie
means connecting the tie plate with the tie, and
plate seated on said tie‘ and having a laterally
means for clamping the rail to the tie plate com
extending portion overhanging the edge of the
prising a member having a head engaging the
tie and provided with a pair of openings‘spaced
rail ?ange and a stem extending down through
20
apart in a direction transverse to the rail and
one of said openings, said stem having a shoulder
both lying on the same side of the latter, means
engaging under the tie plate and a relatively re
connecting the tie plate with the tie, and means’
for clamping the rail to the tie plate and pre
venting longitudinal creeping of the rail compris
' duced resilient portion curving away from the
rail alongside said tie, said curving portion hav
ing a member having a head engaging the rail 25 ing a hook thereon and being sprung toward the
tie plate to engage said hook in said second open
?ange and a stem extending down through the
mg.
opening which is nearest the rail, said stem hav
'7. A rail fastener, comprising a clamp having a
ing a portion which curves laterally away from
head and a stem, said stem having a substan
the rail and upwardly toward the tie plate and
straight portion adjacent said head and a
which is provided at itsfree end with fastening 30 tially
resilient
relatively reduced reversely curved tail a
means adapted to be retained in the other of said
portion formed as a continuation of said straight
openings, said curved stem portion being of rela
stem portion and having 'a hook element at the
tively reduced size and being resilient so as to
end thereof, and a shoulder on the stem adjacent
press said head against the rail ?ange when said
35 the junction of said straight and curved portions.
fastening means is retained in said other open
1 ing.
5. In combination, a tie, a ?anged rail, a tie
LEE B. GREEN.
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