Патент USA US2408635код для вставки
Oct. 1, 1946. ' _ a ’ H. w. HAGEN BOTTLE CLOSURE TO RENDER BOTTLES NONREFILLABILE Filed may 1, 1944 / 2,403,634 2,408,634 ‘Patented Oct. ‘1,1946 - ' UNITED STATES mm orrica ‘ BOTTLE CLOSURE TO RENDER‘ BOTTLES ' I I NONREFILLABLE. Harry. W. Hagen, Decatur, Ill.’ 7 ' Application May '1, 1944, Serial ‘N0. 533,483' _ 11 creams. ‘ (01. 215-25‘) I ;_ Theipresent-invention relates to a bottle clo 2 Fig; 3 is a top view; sure of the type which is inserted into the neck . _ Fig. 4; is a bottom view; . ~ Fig. 5 is a bottom view of the interiorly located of a_<bottle or similar container ‘after ‘the same ' has been ?lled, and is then suitably sealed there core member; . _ v ' to, so that its removal will be impossible without' breaking thejseal and thus revealing the fact that ' Figs. 6 and 7' respectively are bottom views of modi?cations within the contemplation of the in thebottle' has been tampered with.’ Moreover, vention; and v ‘ - Fig. 8 is a perspective view of an alternative the interior construction of the closure is such type of valve. ,/ > as to prevent the unauthorized re?lling of the 10 bottle after its contents havev been discharged. Referring ?rst to Fig. 1, a suitable neck ID of The device di?ers from the usual vtype of non a bottlerhas inserted into the opening H thereof the lower cylindrical end ll of the bottle closure, re?llable, bottle in that it .is not a part of the the depth of penetration of the'same into the bottle structure itself, but is attachable to any bottle neck opening I‘! being limited by shoulders ' bottle 'or-sim'ilar container which has the-proper 15 dimensions for which it has been designed. One of the objects of the invention is to pro-. ‘ If'desired-and if the device is made of metal vide a comparatively simple type'of non-re?llable or plastic, ‘a suitable sealing ring of, cork or plastic material 14 may serve to seal the exterior. ' bottle closure which contains but ’ a minimum walls of the bottom of the closure to the‘ interior number vof parts, which is'readily assembled, is simple and positive in itskaction, and when sealed 20 walls ofthe bottle opening II. The shoulders l3 to a ‘bottle, will effectively prevent the unauthor-' restagainst'the upper end of the bottle neck l0, ized re?lling thereof, also being so constructed and the device moreover has at its‘upper end a stopper-receiving ring-shaped portion 15 which that tampering ‘with the liquid sealing means will be substantially impossible.l > ‘ is tightly ?tted into the upper end of the main , A ‘further object is to'provide a bottle vclosure ' which ‘can be readily and easily manufactured from'eith'er metal or plastic material which vis easy to assemble and if desired may be reused by the original bottlers ‘of the material by the sim ple operation of removing a suitable ‘seal, re?lling 30 body portionv 16 so as to be di?icultly removable therefrom-and preferably sealed thereto as de scribed in further detail hereinbelow. The bottle closure itself, ‘as canbest be seen from Fig. 2, comprises the body portion Hi, the interior I’! of which is hollow, being generally in ‘ th‘e'shape of the :frustrum of a cone that is wider Broadly speaking, the bottle closure comprises a substantially tubular housing'ha'vin'g centrally positioned therein va cylindrical body with cut at the bottom than at the top. Moreover, the bottom ‘of the empty annular space I‘! is partly closed by a suitable plate I8 which is preferably the bottle and replacing the seal." ' ' away ‘shoulclers so that the central body will in effect consist of the inverted f'r'ustrums of two cones. ' The interior of the tubular housing more ‘ made integral with the bOdy portion I6. The said fiplat'e i8 is provided with a plurality (say four)'of openings l9 which are so shaped‘ that they may receive andjhold suitable freely movable over is conical so that it is wider at the ‘bottom than ‘at the top, and at the bottom thereof there balls 20 which, when the device is in a vertical is a plate containing a plurality of valve open 40 position, will lie within the Openings ‘I9, thus ob'turalting. the same. Extending through a suite ings’which; when the device is‘in'a vertical posi able opening 2! in the plate Hi there is a screw tion, are closed by vfreely movable‘ valves, such portion ‘22 which forms a part of the centrally as balls ‘and the like, which are movable within a limited space in suitable recesses provided along located core member broadly designated by the 45 reference numeral 23. rl‘his core member con the exterior side walls of the central body. For a better understanding of the present in sists of two portions, of ‘ which the lower one, vention, the same is illustrated in a single sheet 24, is in the general form of the inverted frus of drawing, in which: _ trum of a cone, and at its widestv dimension is just equal in size to the interior diameter of the Fig. 1 is anrelevational View partly in section, showing the upper end of the neck of a bottle with 50 upper portion‘. 25 of the body portion IS. The the device of the present invention‘i-inserted.int'o core member 23 also has a second conical portion the opening thereof, and sealed to the bottle; 25, the upper. end 2'! of which issomewhat nar Fig. 2, on a somewhatfsmaller scale, is'a'vere rower so as to allow a certain amount of annular tical section through the bottle closure‘ itself, showing its interior construction; ' space 28 between the, interior walls of the body ' member 116 and the core member 23 fo'rthe flow 2,408,634 O 4 of ?uids. The lower portion of the core mem ber 23 is provided with recesses 29 so shaped that tle, it is tilted toward a horizontal or downwardly a the balls 26 may roll out of the openings l9 inclined position, whereupon the balls 20 will fall, under the in?uence of gravity, out of the holes l9, and will tend to run along the interior of the walls of the body member l6, so far as the two balls are concerned which are on the lower side when the bottle is in a horizontal position, while the upper balls will roll in the recesses 29. Liquid cesses 29» is so proportioned that when the core can therefore flow through the holes l9 and the member 23 is in position and is secured to the plate I 8 by means of the internally threaded cap 10 annular space H and ?nd its way through the whenever the device is in a position so that grav ity will tend to cause the balls 20 to roll out of the openings I9. The space between the lower interior walls of the body member l5 and the re 30, the balls cannot move any further than the , upper ends of the recesses 29. annularopening 28 and to the opening 32, from which the cork or stopper has suitably been ?rst withdrawn. At the same time air may pass At the upper end of the body member [5 there through the upper portion of the space I1 and is a therein inserted stopper-receiving annular portion l5, the exterior of the lower portion there 15 enter the bottle through one of the other open ings l9 which now form the upper part of the of, 3|, being so proportioned as to form a tight device, i. e'., when it is in a substantially hori and close ?t with the upper part of the body zontal or even further inclined position. member I6. The central core member 23 thus performs an The method of assembling the bottle stopper ' 20 important ‘double function. _ In the ?rst place, it is as follows: assures a proper separation betweenliquid and The four balls 2!] are first placed in the open gaseous ?uids when the contents of the bottle are ings l9 Whereafter the core member 23 is dropped being discharged, and thus permits of a free and vertically into the body portion E6 in such a even ?ow of the liquid without the necessity of manner that the screw threaded part 22 will pass through the opening 2! in the plate I8, where 25 shaking the bottle, and without the intermittent ?ow which has been the characteristic of so many upon the cap Si} is tightly screwed thereon. The of the non-re?llable bottle closures of the past. opening ‘2! is preferably made square so that Furthermore, the core member 23 performs an when screwing on the cap 3!} the core member other important function, particularly by reason will be restrained from turning, By reason of the fact that the widest portion 24 of the core 30 of the shoulders 24 and ZTWhlCh prevent anyone from pushing a wire down through the space I‘! member 23'wi11 just clear the upper opening of in an attempt to'hold the balls 20 out of the the body member l5, insertion of the core mem openings IS in an attempt to re?ll the bottle. ber'into'the housing will easily be possible and yet have‘ the shoulders produced by the part 24 With the upper annular stopper-receiving portion wide enough seriously to interfere with any at l5 in place, if an attempt were made to push a tempt which might be made to dislodge the balls wire into the device, the wire would ?rst encoun by inserting a wire through the top of the device. ter the flat surface of the upper end of the core member 23 and even if one should succeed in ‘ Further to insure the di?lculty of such tamper bending the wire through-the annular space 28, ing, the stopper-receiving member I5 is inserted into the upper end of the device, preferably being 40 the wire would then encounter the shoulder of the part 24. It will be readily apparent that it is sub cemented thereto so that it cannot be removed stantially impossible to get a wire down into the without injuring the device itself. A suitable stopper may be inserted in the hole 32. The stopper is not shown in the drawing, as its con holes 19 so as to keep the‘balls 20 from properly sealing said openings I9. Therefore, when the struction is a matter of choice, and it may be any 45 bottle is in the vertical position, liquid cannot be poured therein as the balls 20 would prevent en trance thereof into the interior of the bottle. In case, as shown in Fig, '7, only two openings l9 are used, it is important to orient them in such a position when discharging the contents or 3 holes as shown in Fig. 6. of the bottle that one of them will be uppermost The reason for having more than one ball so that air may pass therethrough while liquid sealed opening i9 is to enable the liquid to ?ow flows from the bottom hole. out of the bottle without interference with the In case there are three openings, as shown in inflow of air whenever the bottle is inverted for 55 Fig. 6, the proper location of an air entry open the purpose of pouring liquid therefrom. ing will be de?nitely assured, no matter in what ~ The operation of the device of the present in position the bottle is grasped. Most convenient, vention is substantially as follows: however, is the arrangement shown in Figs. 1, 2, With the device entirely out of the neck H] of 3 and 4, in which four equally spaced openings the bottle, the bottle is ?lled with liquid, where' l9 are used. ' upon the device is inserted into the neck, then The device may be made of metal or of a suit being sealed thereto by means of any suitable able plastic composition which may, for example, wrapping 35, which may be either of metal or a be molded as by injection molding of such com suitable plastic composition, preferably bearing type of suitable cork, plastic or the like. If desired the number of holes [9 may be less than the four shown in Figs. 4 and 5, for instance, there may be but two h'oles, as shown in Fig. '7, position as cellulose acetate, ethyl cellulose, or the insignia and other decorative markings of the manufacturer of the contents of the bottle. GD 01 various thermoplastic and/or thermosetting res ins, taking into consideration, of course, the na ._t therefore is impossible for anyone to remove ture of the contents of the bottle. The material the bottle stopper of the present invention with of which the device is made must, of course, be out revealing the fact that he has tampered with such that it is not soluble in or affected by the the sealing device. The main object of the pres ent invention is to assure consumers of beverages 0 contents of the bottle. ‘ the manufacturers whose names appear on the The actual" shape of the various portions is of course a matter of considerable choice, but the presence of the centrally located core mem bottles. When it is desired to pour liquid out of the bot vention, particularly because of its ability to pre that the contents of the bottles from which bev erages are dispensed are the genuine products of ber 23 is the important part of the present in 2,408,684 5 6 vent tampering with the balls .20, and also by 7. A non-re?llable bottle having a closure as effecting a proper separation between the ?ow de?ned in claim 6 sealed thereonto after ?lling. 8. A bottle closure comprising a hollow cylin drical body portion whose interior space is coni of liquid on the one hand and of air on the other. The method of attaching the stopper-receiving portion broadly designated as i5 is also subject to a considerable variety of choice. While balls 2H have been described in con nection with the construction and operation of the device, it will be obvious that other forms of valves may be substituted therefor. A suit 10 abie type is shown in Fig. 8, in which the ob turating valve member is shown as taking the form of a pear shaped body 33 having a depend ing substantially cylindrical neck 3!.‘- which is adapted to pass through the openings i9. Other suitable valves may be used, provided that they are freely operative under the influence of gravity to close or open as desired. cal with the wider portion at the bottom thereof, a circular plate integral with the bottom of said body portion provided with a plurality of ball sealable openings, a central core portion con sisting of two sections each in the shape of an inverted frustrum of a cone, the diameter of said central portion at its widest part being substan tially the same as the internal diameter of the upper interior end of the body portion but pass able therethrough, said central portion being provided at its lower end with a plurality of ball-guiding recesses, means for securing the centra1 portion to said circular plate, a stopper receiving annular ring fitted into the upper open ing of the body portion, and freely movable balls Having described the invention and the manner of its operation, what is vclaimed as new is: 1. A bottle closure comprising a substantially tubular housing, a therein centrally positioned tween said recesses and the interior surface of substantially cylindrical body having ball-receiv the body portion. for obturating vsaid openings, said balls being limited as to their movement by the space be 9. A bottle closure comprising a stopper insert -ing-and-guiding recesses at its lower end and abutting the inside of the lower end of said 25 able in a bottle opening and sealable thereto comprising a cylindrical housing, a cylindrical in_ housing, said body being spaced from the hous ing to provide therewith an annular path for ternal core member providing with said housing ?uids, said housing being provided with a plu an annular path for fluids, a circular plate a?ixed to the bottom of said housing, the core member rality of ball-scalable openings at its lower end, balls of a size capable of sealing said openings 30 being a?ixed to said plate and said plate being and of rolling away from said openings to permit provided with a plurality of openings, free balls normally closing said openings when the closure ?ow of?uids therethrough, and means for secur is in a vertical position, recesses in said core ing said body to said housing. 2. A bottle closure comprising a tubular hous member of a size permitting limited movement ing bounded at the bottom thereof by a plate 35 of said balls in a direction away from said open ings so as to permit flow of ?uids therethrough having apertures therein, a core member secured to said plate and spaced from said housing and when the closure is in a position other than ver forming therewith an annular path for ?uids and tical, and an annular stopper-receiving member also having valve-guiding recesses along its longi anixed to the upper end of said housing. 10. A bottle closure comprising a hollow cy tudinal axis, and a plurality of valves capable of closing the apertures in said plate. lindrical body portion whose interior space is 3. A bottle closure as de?ned in claim 2 in conical with a wider portion at the bottom there which the core member is provided with in of, a circular plate forming the bottom of said ‘body portion and provided with a plurality of wardly-extending shoulders intermediate its ball-sealable openings, a central core portion length. ' consisting of two sections each in the shape of 4. A bottle closure as de?ned in claim 2 in which the interior of the tubular housing is an inverted frustrum of a cone, said central core portion forming with said body portion a sub wider at the bottom than at the top. 5. A bottle closure as de?ned in claim 2 in stantially annular path for ?uid, said central which the tubular housing has a smaller annular portion being provided at its lower end with a stopper-receiving member a?ixed to the top thereof. 6. A bottle closure comprising a stopper insert able in a bottle opening and scalable thereto comprising a cylindrical housing, a cylindrical internal core member providing with said housing an annular path for ?uids, a circular plate a?ixed to the bottom of said housing, the core member being affixed to said plate and said plate being plurality of ball-guiding recesses, means for securing the central portion to said circular plate, freely movable balls for obturating said ball-scalable openings, said balls being limited as to their movement by the space between said recesses and the interior surface of the body portion. 11. A bottle closure comprising a hollow body portion provided at its lower end with a plu provided with a plurality of openings, free balls 60 rality of valve-scalable openings, a core member positioned interiorly within said body portion normally closing said openings when the closure is in a vertical position, recesses in said core member of a size permitting limited movement of said balls in a direction away from said open ings so as to permit flow of ?uids therethrough when the closure is in a position other than ver tical, shoulders on said core member, and an an nular stopper-receiving member a?ixed to the upper end of said housing. ‘and spaced therefrom so as to provide a path for ?uids, said core portion being provided at its lower end with a plurality of recesses adapted to guide freely movable valve-members capable of obturating said openings but limited as to their movement by the space between said recesses and the interior surface of the body portion. HARRY W. HAGEN.