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Патент USA US2408635

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Oct. 1, 1946. ' _
a
’
H. w. HAGEN
BOTTLE CLOSURE TO RENDER BOTTLES NONREFILLABILE
Filed may 1, 1944
/
2,403,634
2,408,634
‘Patented Oct. ‘1,1946 - '
UNITED STATES mm orrica
‘ BOTTLE CLOSURE TO RENDER‘ BOTTLES
'
I I
NONREFILLABLE.
Harry. W. Hagen, Decatur, Ill.’
7 ' Application May '1, 1944, Serial ‘N0. 533,483'
_ 11 creams.
‘
(01. 215-25‘)
I
;_ Theipresent-invention relates to a bottle clo
2
Fig; 3 is a top view;
sure of the type which is inserted into the neck
.
_ Fig. 4; is a bottom view;
.
~ Fig. 5 is a bottom view of the interiorly located
of a_<bottle or similar container ‘after ‘the same
' has been ?lled, and is then suitably sealed there
core
member;
.
_
v
'
to, so that its removal will be impossible without'
breaking thejseal and thus revealing the fact that '
Figs. 6 and 7' respectively are bottom views of
modi?cations within the contemplation of the in
thebottle' has been tampered with.’ Moreover,
vention;
and
v
‘
-
Fig. 8 is a perspective view of an alternative
the interior construction of the closure is such
type of valve.
,/ >
as to prevent the unauthorized re?lling of the
10
bottle after its contents havev been discharged.
Referring ?rst to Fig. 1, a suitable neck ID of
The device di?ers from the usual vtype of non
a bottlerhas inserted into the opening H thereof
the lower cylindrical end ll of the bottle closure,
re?llable, bottle in that it .is not a part of the
the depth of penetration of the'same into the
bottle structure itself, but is attachable to any
bottle neck opening I‘! being limited by shoulders
' bottle 'or-sim'ilar container which has the-proper
15
dimensions for which it has been designed.
One of the objects of the invention is to pro-.
‘ If'desired-and if the device is made of metal
vide a comparatively simple type'of non-re?llable
or plastic, ‘a suitable sealing ring of, cork or
plastic material 14 may serve to seal the exterior. '
bottle closure which contains but ’ a minimum
walls of the bottom of the closure to the‘ interior
number vof parts, which is'readily assembled, is
simple and positive in itskaction, and when sealed 20 walls ofthe bottle opening II. The shoulders l3
to a ‘bottle, will effectively prevent the unauthor-'
restagainst'the upper end of the bottle neck l0,
ized re?lling thereof, also being so constructed
and the device moreover has at its‘upper end a
stopper-receiving ring-shaped portion 15 which
that tampering ‘with the liquid sealing means will
be substantially impossible.l
>
‘
is tightly ?tted into the upper end of the main
,
A ‘further object is to'provide a bottle vclosure '
which ‘can be readily and easily manufactured
from'eith'er metal or plastic material which vis
easy to assemble and if desired may be reused by
the original bottlers ‘of the material by the sim
ple operation of removing a suitable ‘seal, re?lling 30
body portionv 16 so as to be di?icultly removable
therefrom-and preferably sealed thereto as de
scribed in further detail hereinbelow.
The bottle closure itself, ‘as canbest be seen
from Fig. 2, comprises the body portion Hi, the
interior I’! of which is hollow, being generally in
‘
th‘e'shape of the :frustrum of a cone that is wider
Broadly speaking, the bottle closure comprises
a substantially tubular housing'ha'vin'g centrally
positioned therein va cylindrical body with cut
at the bottom than at the top. Moreover, the
bottom ‘of the empty annular space I‘! is partly
closed by a suitable plate I8 which is preferably
the bottle and replacing the seal."
'
'
away ‘shoulclers so that the central body will in
effect consist of the inverted f'r'ustrums of two
cones. ' The interior of the tubular housing more
‘ made integral with the bOdy portion I6.
The
said fiplat'e i8 is provided with a plurality (say
four)'of openings l9 which are so shaped‘ that
they may receive andjhold suitable freely movable
over is conical so that it is wider at the ‘bottom
than ‘at the top, and at the bottom thereof there
balls 20 which, when the device is in a vertical
is a plate containing a plurality of valve open 40 position, will lie within the Openings ‘I9, thus
ob'turalting. the same. Extending through a suite
ings’which; when the device is‘in'a vertical posi
able opening 2! in the plate Hi there is a screw
tion, are closed by vfreely movable‘ valves, such
portion ‘22 which forms a part of the centrally
as balls ‘and the like, which are movable within
a limited space in suitable recesses provided along
located core member broadly designated by the
45 reference numeral 23. rl‘his core member con
the exterior side walls of the central body.
For a better understanding of the present in
sists of two portions, of ‘ which the lower one,
vention, the same is illustrated in a single sheet
24, is in the general form of the inverted frus
of drawing, in which:
_
trum of a cone, and at its widestv dimension is
just equal in size to the interior diameter of the
Fig. 1 is anrelevational View partly in section,
showing the upper end of the neck of a bottle with 50 upper portion‘. 25 of the body portion IS. The
the device of the present invention‘i-inserted.int'o
core member 23 also has a second conical portion
the opening thereof, and sealed to the bottle;
25, the upper. end 2'! of which issomewhat nar
Fig. 2, on a somewhatfsmaller scale, is'a'vere
rower so as to allow a certain amount of annular
tical section through the bottle closure‘ itself,
showing its interior construction;
'
space 28 between the, interior walls of the body
' member 116 and the core member 23 fo'rthe flow
2,408,634
O
4
of ?uids. The lower portion of the core mem
ber 23 is provided with recesses 29 so shaped that
tle, it is tilted toward a horizontal or downwardly
a
the balls 26 may roll out of the openings l9
inclined position, whereupon the balls 20 will fall,
under the in?uence of gravity, out of the holes l9,
and will tend to run along the interior of the
walls of the body member l6, so far as the two
balls are concerned which are on the lower side
when the bottle is in a horizontal position, while
the upper balls will roll in the recesses 29. Liquid
cesses 29» is so proportioned that when the core
can therefore flow through the holes l9 and the
member 23 is in position and is secured to the
plate I 8 by means of the internally threaded cap 10 annular space H and ?nd its way through the
whenever the device is in a position so that grav
ity will tend to cause the balls 20 to roll out of
the openings I9. The space between the lower
interior walls of the body member l5 and the re
30, the balls cannot move any further than the ,
upper ends of the recesses 29.
annularopening 28 and to the opening 32, from
which the cork or stopper has suitably been ?rst
withdrawn. At the same time air may pass
At the upper end of the body member [5 there
through the upper portion of the space I1 and
is a therein inserted stopper-receiving annular
portion l5, the exterior of the lower portion there 15 enter the bottle through one of the other open
ings l9 which now form the upper part of the
of, 3|, being so proportioned as to form a tight
device, i. e'., when it is in a substantially hori
and close ?t with the upper part of the body
zontal or even further inclined position.
member I6.
The central core member 23 thus performs an
The method of assembling the bottle stopper '
20 important ‘double function. _ In the ?rst place, it
is as follows:
assures a proper separation betweenliquid and
The four balls 2!] are first placed in the open
gaseous ?uids when the contents of the bottle are
ings l9 Whereafter the core member 23 is dropped
being discharged, and thus permits of a free and
vertically into the body portion E6 in such a
even ?ow of the liquid without the necessity of
manner that the screw threaded part 22 will pass
through the opening 2! in the plate I8, where
25 shaking the bottle, and without the intermittent
?ow which has been the characteristic of so many
upon the cap Si} is tightly screwed thereon. The
of the non-re?llable bottle closures of the past.
opening ‘2! is preferably made square so that
Furthermore, the core member 23 performs an
when screwing on the cap 3!} the core member
other important function, particularly by reason
will be restrained from turning, By reason of
the fact that the widest portion 24 of the core 30 of the shoulders 24 and ZTWhlCh prevent anyone
from pushing a wire down through the space I‘!
member 23'wi11 just clear the upper opening of
in an attempt to'hold the balls 20 out of the
the body member l5, insertion of the core mem
openings IS in an attempt to re?ll the bottle.
ber'into'the housing will easily be possible and
yet have‘ the shoulders produced by the part 24
With the upper annular stopper-receiving portion
wide enough seriously to interfere with any at
l5 in place, if an attempt were made to push a
tempt which might be made to dislodge the balls
wire into the device, the wire would ?rst encoun
by inserting a wire through the top of the device.
ter the flat surface of the upper end of the core
member 23 and even if one should succeed in
‘ Further to insure the di?lculty of such tamper
bending the wire through-the annular space 28,
ing, the stopper-receiving member I5 is inserted
into the upper end of the device, preferably being 40 the wire would then encounter the shoulder of the
part 24. It will be readily apparent that it is sub
cemented thereto so that it cannot be removed
stantially impossible to get a wire down into the
without injuring the device itself. A suitable
stopper may be inserted in the hole 32. The
stopper is not shown in the drawing, as its con
holes 19 so as to keep the‘balls 20 from properly
sealing said openings I9.
Therefore, when the
struction is a matter of choice, and it may be any 45 bottle is in the vertical position, liquid cannot be
poured therein as the balls 20 would prevent en
trance thereof into the interior of the bottle.
In case, as shown in Fig, '7, only two openings
l9 are used, it is important to orient them in
such a position when discharging the contents
or 3 holes as shown in Fig. 6.
of the bottle that one of them will be uppermost
The reason for having more than one ball
so that air may pass therethrough while liquid
sealed opening i9 is to enable the liquid to ?ow
flows from the bottom hole.
out of the bottle without interference with the
In case there are three openings, as shown in
inflow of air whenever the bottle is inverted for
55 Fig. 6, the proper location of an air entry open
the purpose of pouring liquid therefrom.
ing will be de?nitely assured, no matter in what
~ The operation of the device of the present in
position the bottle is grasped. Most convenient,
vention is substantially as follows:
however, is the arrangement shown in Figs. 1, 2,
With the device entirely out of the neck H] of
3 and 4, in which four equally spaced openings
the bottle, the bottle is ?lled with liquid, where'
l9 are used.
'
upon the device is inserted into the neck, then
The device may be made of metal or of a suit
being sealed thereto by means of any suitable
able plastic composition which may, for example,
wrapping 35, which may be either of metal or a
be molded as by injection molding of such com
suitable plastic composition, preferably bearing
type of suitable cork, plastic or the like.
If desired the number of holes [9 may be less
than the four shown in Figs. 4 and 5, for instance,
there may be but two h'oles, as shown in Fig. '7,
position as cellulose acetate, ethyl cellulose, or
the insignia and other decorative markings of
the manufacturer of the contents of the bottle. GD 01 various thermoplastic and/or thermosetting res
ins, taking into consideration, of course, the na
._t therefore is impossible for anyone to remove
ture of the contents of the bottle. The material
the bottle stopper of the present invention with
of which the device is made must, of course, be
out revealing the fact that he has tampered with
such that it is not soluble in or affected by the
the sealing device. The main object of the pres
ent invention is to assure consumers of beverages
0 contents of the bottle. ‘
the manufacturers whose names appear on the
The actual" shape of the various portions is
of course a matter of considerable choice, but
the presence of the centrally located core mem
bottles.
When it is desired to pour liquid out of the bot
vention, particularly because of its ability to pre
that the contents of the bottles from which bev
erages are dispensed are the genuine products of
ber 23 is the important part of the present in
2,408,684
5
6
vent tampering with the balls .20, and also by
7. A non-re?llable bottle having a closure as
effecting a proper separation between the ?ow
de?ned in claim 6 sealed thereonto after ?lling.
8. A bottle closure comprising a hollow cylin
drical body portion whose interior space is coni
of liquid on the one hand and of air on the other.
The method of attaching the stopper-receiving
portion broadly designated as i5 is also subject
to a considerable variety of choice.
While balls 2H have been described in con
nection with the construction and operation of
the device, it will be obvious that other forms
of valves may be substituted therefor. A suit 10
abie type is shown in Fig. 8, in which the ob
turating valve member is shown as taking the
form of a pear shaped body 33 having a depend
ing substantially cylindrical neck 3!.‘- which is
adapted to pass through the openings i9. Other
suitable valves may be used, provided that they
are freely operative under the influence of gravity
to close or open as desired.
cal with the wider portion at the bottom thereof,
a circular plate integral with the bottom of said
body portion provided with a plurality of ball
sealable openings, a central core portion con
sisting of two sections each in the shape of an
inverted frustrum of a cone, the diameter of said
central portion at its widest part being substan
tially the same as the internal diameter of the
upper interior end of the body portion but pass
able therethrough, said central portion being
provided at its lower end with a plurality of
ball-guiding recesses, means for securing the
centra1 portion to said circular plate, a stopper
receiving annular ring fitted into the upper open
ing of the body portion, and freely movable balls
Having described the invention and the manner
of its operation, what is vclaimed as new is:
1. A bottle closure comprising a substantially
tubular housing, a therein centrally positioned
tween said recesses and the interior surface of
substantially cylindrical body having ball-receiv
the body portion.
for obturating vsaid openings, said balls being
limited as to their movement by the space be
9. A bottle closure comprising a stopper insert
-ing-and-guiding recesses at its lower end and
abutting the inside of the lower end of said 25 able in a bottle opening and sealable thereto
comprising a cylindrical housing, a cylindrical in_
housing, said body being spaced from the hous
ing to provide therewith an annular path for
ternal core member providing with said housing
?uids, said housing being provided with a plu
an annular path for fluids, a circular plate a?ixed
to the bottom of said housing, the core member
rality of ball-scalable openings at its lower end,
balls of a size capable of sealing said openings 30 being a?ixed to said plate and said plate being
and of rolling away from said openings to permit
provided with a plurality of openings, free balls
normally closing said openings when the closure
?ow of?uids therethrough, and means for secur
is in a vertical position, recesses in said core
ing said body to said housing.
2. A bottle closure comprising a tubular hous
member of a size permitting limited movement
ing bounded at the bottom thereof by a plate 35 of said balls in a direction away from said open
ings so as to permit flow of ?uids therethrough
having apertures therein, a core member secured
to said plate and spaced from said housing and
when the closure is in a position other than ver
forming therewith an annular path for ?uids and
tical, and an annular stopper-receiving member
also having valve-guiding recesses along its longi
anixed to the upper end of said housing.
10. A bottle closure comprising a hollow cy
tudinal axis, and a plurality of valves capable
of closing the apertures in said plate.
lindrical body portion whose interior space is
3. A bottle closure as de?ned in claim 2 in
conical with a wider portion at the bottom there
which the core member is provided with in
of, a circular plate forming the bottom of said
‘body portion and provided with a plurality of
wardly-extending shoulders intermediate its
ball-sealable openings, a central core portion
length.
'
consisting of two sections each in the shape of
4. A bottle closure as de?ned in claim 2 in
which the interior of the tubular housing is
an inverted frustrum of a cone, said central core
portion forming with said body portion a sub
wider at the bottom than at the top.
5. A bottle closure as de?ned in claim 2 in
stantially annular path for ?uid, said central
which the tubular housing has a smaller annular
portion being provided at its lower end with a
stopper-receiving member a?ixed to the top
thereof.
6. A bottle closure comprising a stopper insert
able in a bottle opening and scalable thereto
comprising a cylindrical housing, a cylindrical
internal core member providing with said housing
an annular path for ?uids, a circular plate a?ixed
to the bottom of said housing, the core member
being affixed to said plate and said plate being
plurality of ball-guiding recesses, means for
securing the central portion to said circular
plate, freely movable balls for obturating said
ball-scalable openings, said balls being limited as
to their movement by the space between said
recesses and the interior surface of the body
portion.
11. A bottle closure comprising a hollow body
portion provided at its lower end with a plu
provided with a plurality of openings, free balls 60 rality of valve-scalable openings, a core member
positioned interiorly within said body portion
normally closing said openings when the closure
is in a vertical position, recesses in said core
member of a size permitting limited movement
of said balls in a direction away from said open
ings so as to permit flow of ?uids therethrough
when the closure is in a position other than ver
tical, shoulders on said core member, and an an
nular stopper-receiving member a?ixed to the
upper end of said housing.
‘and spaced therefrom so as to provide a path
for ?uids, said core portion being provided at its
lower end with a plurality of recesses adapted
to guide freely movable valve-members capable
of obturating said openings but limited as to their
movement by the space between said recesses and
the interior surface of the body portion.
HARRY W. HAGEN.
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