Патент USA US2408652код для вставки
‘Od- 1, 1946. ‘ R. A. KIEHL I WORLD GLOBE AND SGALE' Filed Nov. 10, 1944 2,408,651 _ I V > _2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Ram-6M ‘ Oct. 1, 1946.. > A, K|EH|_ ' I 2,408,651 ' WORLD GLOBE AND SCALE ' I Filed Nov. 10-, 1944 39 52 za zéza . 7.2‘ 7_§L3 7' ' I 3+ 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 9 55 ,l._I /,/1\Q// /,//' ,’ - " 36' . ‘ 4'5 4,2’ . 47 46 35 ‘ I - _ _ \ 55.12:; 4’4 /6 2,408,651 ‘Patented Oct. 1, 1946 . ' ’ .UNITED‘JFS‘TATE s. PATENT‘, oFFicE i I i. WORLD GLOBEAND .sCALE‘i' ' i Ralph A. Kiehl, ‘San Diegopcalif. ’ Application_'November 10, 1944, Serial No. 562,810 6 Claims’. (on. 35-46) > 1 . , - , This invention relates to world globes and to a 2 . arms l2 and 13 are substantially shorter in length means for scaling distances on the globe. ~An object of this invention is to provide a than the arms l4 and I5, the purpose for which‘ will be hereinafter. described. globe and support therefor. wherein no ?xed axis porting arms [2 to l5, inclusive, and is rotatably for the globe is provided so that the globe may ‘ be turnedin any way desired to dispose the de sired ‘section of the globe in a position whereby distances _ may be measured. between selected , A globe .IB is adapted to be seated on the sup supported within the concave sides ‘of the arms on supporting balls ll- There is one ball in each of the supporting arms and each ball is car ried by a ball socket l8, whichis threaded into points. 7 an opening IS in each of the arms at a point ‘ Another. object of this invention is to provide 10 below the horizontal center of the globe. ‘The a globe structure wherein the'g'lobe may be read ily removed’ and replaced without taking the support apart. _ ' ' ' l balls I’! in the arms l4 and I5 are positioned at a point downwardly from the upper ends there ‘ of and are in substantially the same horizontal ' A further object of this invention is to provide ‘in a globe structure or this kind- an adjustable 15 plane as the horizontal plane of balls in arms l2 and I3. ' ' axis which is correlated with'the measuring slide . An arcuate guide bar and. globe retaining mem so that the distance between the axis and a ber 20 is pivotally secured on pivot members 2| selected point may be accurately measured. and‘22 which are carried by the upper ends ‘of _ A further object of this inventionfis to provide the‘ arms I4 and I5. The free ends of the guide an improved globe support and means for rotat 20 member 20 are frictionally held on the pivot ably supportingthe globe; ' A further object of this invention is to provide ‘ a ‘combined measuring slide and brake so that members'22 so that the guide member 20 will ‘remain in a predetermined position, the normal position of guide '20 beingin vertical alignment thejglobe will be held stationary when. the dis tancesare being measured. ' with arms l4‘and l5. Guide member 20 is pref erably formed oftransparent material and is provided with an elongated slot 23 extending lengthwise thereof, and one edge of the slot 23 is , To the foregoing objects, and others which may hereinafter more fully appear, the invention con sists of the novel construction, combination and formed with graduations 24 which are graduated arrangement‘ of parts, as-will be more speci?cally in ‘miles, or other predetermined distances, so referred to and illustrated in they accompanying 30 that distances may be accurately measured on drawings, but it is to be understood that changes, variations, and modi?cations may be'resorted to which fall within the scope of the inventionas the surface of globe I6.‘ I . - ' I , A combined slide and'brake member generally designated as 25 is slidably carried by guide bar 20 and comprises an upper transparent plate 26,v -35 In the drawings: ' ' . which is formed with a crossed hairline indica Figure 1 is a detail side elevationlof'a globe tion 21. The plate 26 has secured to the lower and support constructed according to an embodi side, thereof a pair of ?ange bars 28 and 29, the ment of this invention. ~ ?anges 30 and 3|, respectively, of which are dis Figure 2 is a detail front elevation of the device. posed on the lower side ,ofvguide' member 20. ’ Figure 3 is a top plan of the device. 7 4.0 The bars 28 and 29 are secured to plate 26fpy claimed. . j . r ' Figure 4 is a sectional view taken on the line means of'iastening members 32'and ‘3,3,.respec 4-4 or Figure 1. tively. ' A spring pressed globe brake member 34 vextends laterally from 'onexside of slide 25 and comprises an elongated strip 35 which has se cured to the» outer end thereof a ?brous braking . , ~ Figure 5 is a sectional view taken on the line 5-5 of Figure 3. " V Figure 6 is a sectional view taken-on the line 6-6 of Figure 5. ' Figure '7 is a sectional view taken on the line 74.5 element 36. - ' The inner or upper end of strip 35 is formed '|—1 of Figure 2. with a barrel 3‘! through which a pivot member Figure 8 is a fragmentary planview of the 38 engages. A handle or operator 39 is formed combined slide and brake on an enlarged scale. 50' integral with strip 35 and extends at an acute Referring to the ‘drawings, the numeral 10 designates a base which has rising therefrom a angle upwardly and outwardly from the inner end of strip 35. 'Bar 28 and the adjacent end of plate 26 are cut out, as indicated at 40, to pro extending therefrom pairs of upwardly curved vide iorreceiving the barrel 31' and pivot mem globe supporting arms I2, l3, l4- and I5. The .55 standard or support II‘. The standard ll has 2,408,651 ‘ ‘3 a ber 38. A spring 41 engages about pivot mem ber 38 and provides a means whereby brake member 34 is constantly urged to a braking position. A second braking member 32 extends laterally from the opposite side of slide 25 and comprises an elongated strip 43, having secured to the lower end thereof braking element M. The inner up per end of the stripés is formed with one or more barrels 155 through which a pivot member 46 en gages and bar 29 and the adjacent side of plate 26 are cut out, as indicated at 47, to provide for receiving brake member 132. A spring 48 con . stantly urges brake member 42 to a position with braking element 44 contacting the periphery or outer surface of globe i6. . ‘ In order to provide a releasable axis and point er or indicator which is correlated with slide 25 to measure a distance between two predetermined points on the globe I6, I have provided a resilient combined pointer and axis designated 49. The combined pointer and axis‘llli includes a V-shaped pointer 56 which is formed with a rounded point 5| adapted to engage the outer surface of the globe i8. Pointer ?ll is carried by a U-shaped resilient member 52, having openings 53 and 54 in the parallel legs thereof through which a 4 and when guide 20 is in either a horizontal posi tion or a position below the horizontal globe l6 may be easily lifted from the supporting frame structure. By providing a releasable axis for the globe and a round'point for this axis, the surface of the globe will not be injured when point 5| is in contact with the globe. While the guide bar and retaining member 20 is shown as having indicia and graduations there 10 on indicating distances, this member may also be calibrated in time periods between selected points, , and cost rates for air travel, air mail, air express and the like. What I claim is: 1. A globe and support therefor comprising a base, a standard rising from said base, radially arranged upwardly directed arcuate arms carried by said base, a globe rotatably seated in the con cave sides of said arms and having universal movement, a substantially semiecircular com bined ‘globe retainer and guide bar rockably car ried by an opposed pair of ‘said arms, a slide mem ber slidably carried by said bar, and spring pressed brake means carried by said bar for hold ing said globe against rotation. 2. A globe and support therefor comprising a base, a plurality of upwardly directed arcuate threaded clamping screw 55 is adapted to engage. arms carried by said base, a globe/rotatably car The inner leg of the U-shaped member 52 is ried by said arms and having universal‘move ‘formed with a right angular ?ange 56 adapted to 30 ment, a substantially Semi-circular combined engage ‘against the ‘end of slot 23, as shown in globe retainer and guide bar rockably carried by Figure '5. Pointer 5i} loosely engages through an opposed pair of said arms, means releasably slot 23 "and'when in released position, pointer 59 locking said bar in alignment with said opposed is out of ‘engagement with the surface of globe 15. pair of arms, a sli'de‘member slidably carried by In the use and operation of this device, pointer said bar, springpressed brake means carried by 139 is initially disposed out of engagement with said slide member engageable'with said globe for the surface of globe 16, so that globe l6 may be holding said globe against rotation, a resilient freely rotated on the supporting balls l1. As axis member carried by. said bar normally'disem there is no fixed axis for globe Hi, this globe may gaged from said globe, and'adjustable vmeans for be turned in any desired direction. In order to moving said axisv member into contact ‘with said measure the distance between two given points globe. ' p on .the surface'of globe E6, the globe is turned 3. A‘ globe and vsupport therefor as set forth in until one of the given points is beneath the sta claim 2 wherein'said ‘arm's include rotatable balls tionary pointer 159. Set screw 55 is then turned engageable with said globe for rotatably support inwardly to provide for contact of the rounded 45 ing the latter whereby said'gl'ob‘eimay be univer .point M with the surface of the globe at one of sally rotated. ‘ ‘the two points to be measured. The globe may 4. A globe and support therefor as set forth in then be rotated with point 5! as an axis, and claim 2 ‘wherein said bar is formed with gradu when the'second point on the globe is within slot ations on the outer ‘side thereof and said slide is 23, slide '25 is shifted until hairline 2? is over 50 ‘formed with a hairline indication. the second measured point. The numerals on 5. A1 globe and support therefor asset forth in the graduations ill will then indicate the correct claim .2'wherein said bar is formed with gradu ‘distance in miles or the like between the two . ‘ati'ons, and said axis member is correlated with designated points on the globe. said graduations whereby the distance between ' When hairline '2‘! is over‘the second of the the point on .the globe contacted by said axis and points to be measured, brakes 34 and 42 which are a second point vdetermined by said ‘slide may be raised by pressing the handles 39 inwardly, are accurately measured. , ' released for engagement with the surface of the 6. A globe and support thereforas set forth in globe so that the globe will then be held station ‘claim 2 wherein said spring-pressed brake means ary. In the event it is desired to remove globe it 60 extends laterally from opposite sides of said slide. from the supporting frame structure, guide 20 may be swung downwardly in either direction, RALPH A. KIEHL.