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Патент USA US2408652

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‘Od- 1, 1946.
‘ R. A. KIEHL
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WORLD GLOBE AND SGALE'
Filed Nov. 10, 1944
2,408,651 _
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Oct. 1, 1946..
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2,408,651
' WORLD GLOBE AND SCALE
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Filed Nov. 10-, 1944
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2,408,651
‘Patented Oct. 1, 1946 .
' ’ .UNITED‘JFS‘TATE
s. PATENT‘, oFFicE i
I i. WORLD GLOBEAND .sCALE‘i'
' i Ralph A. Kiehl, ‘San Diegopcalif.
’ Application_'November 10, 1944, Serial No. 562,810
6 Claims’. (on. 35-46)
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, This invention relates to world globes and to a
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arms l2 and 13 are substantially shorter in length
means for scaling distances on the globe.
~An object of this invention is to provide a
than the arms l4 and I5, the purpose for which‘
will be hereinafter. described.
globe and support therefor. wherein no ?xed axis
porting arms [2 to l5, inclusive, and is rotatably
for the globe is provided so that the globe may ‘
be turnedin any way desired to dispose the de
sired ‘section of the globe in a position whereby
distances _ may be measured. between selected ,
A globe .IB is adapted to be seated on the sup
supported within the concave sides ‘of the arms
on supporting balls ll- There is one ball in
each of the supporting arms and each ball is car
ried by a ball socket l8, whichis threaded into
points.
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an opening IS in each of the arms at a point
‘ Another. object of this invention is to provide 10 below the horizontal center of the globe. ‘The
a globe structure wherein the'g'lobe may be read
ily removed’ and replaced without taking the
support apart.
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balls I’! in the arms l4 and I5 are positioned
at a point downwardly from the upper ends there
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of and are in substantially the same horizontal '
A further object of this invention is to provide
‘in a globe structure or this kind- an adjustable 15 plane as the horizontal plane of balls in arms
l2 and I3.
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axis which is correlated with'the measuring slide
. An arcuate guide bar and. globe retaining mem
so that the distance between the axis and a
ber 20 is pivotally secured on pivot members 2|
selected point may be accurately measured.
and‘22 which are carried by the upper ends ‘of
_ A further object of this inventionfis to provide
the‘ arms I4 and I5. The free ends of the guide
an improved globe support and means for rotat 20 member 20 are frictionally held on the pivot
ably supportingthe globe; '
A further object of this invention is to provide ‘
a ‘combined measuring slide and brake so that
members'22 so that the guide member 20 will
‘remain in a predetermined position, the normal
position of guide '20 beingin vertical alignment
thejglobe will be held stationary when. the dis
tancesare being measured.
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with arms l4‘and l5. Guide member 20 is pref
erably formed oftransparent material and is
provided with an elongated slot 23 extending
lengthwise thereof, and one edge of the slot 23 is
,
To the foregoing objects, and others which may
hereinafter more fully appear, the invention con
sists of the novel construction, combination and
formed with graduations 24 which are graduated
arrangement‘ of parts, as-will be more speci?cally
in ‘miles, or other predetermined distances, so
referred to and illustrated in they accompanying 30
that distances may be accurately measured on
drawings, but it is to be understood that changes,
variations, and modi?cations may be'resorted to
which fall within the scope of the inventionas
the surface of globe I6.‘
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A combined slide and'brake member generally
designated as 25 is slidably carried by guide bar
20 and comprises an upper transparent plate 26,v
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In the drawings:
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which is formed with a crossed hairline indica
Figure 1 is a detail side elevationlof'a globe
tion 21. The plate 26 has secured to the lower
and support constructed according to an embodi
side, thereof a pair of ?ange bars 28 and 29, the
ment of this invention.
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?anges 30 and 3|, respectively, of which are dis
Figure 2 is a detail front elevation of the device.
posed on the lower side ,ofvguide' member 20.
’ Figure 3 is a top plan of the device.
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4.0 The bars 28 and 29 are secured to plate 26fpy
claimed.
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' Figure 4 is a sectional view taken on the line
means of'iastening members 32'and ‘3,3,.respec
4-4 or Figure 1.
tively. ' A spring pressed globe brake member 34
vextends laterally from 'onexside of slide 25 and
comprises an elongated strip 35 which has se
cured to the» outer end thereof a ?brous braking
.
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Figure 5 is a sectional view taken on the line
5-5 of Figure 3.
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Figure 6 is a sectional view taken-on the line
6-6 of Figure 5.
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Figure '7 is a sectional view taken on the line
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element 36.
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The inner or upper end of strip 35 is formed
'|—1 of Figure 2.
with a barrel 3‘! through which a pivot member
Figure 8 is a fragmentary planview of the
38 engages. A handle or operator 39 is formed
combined slide and brake on an enlarged scale. 50' integral with strip 35 and extends at an acute
Referring to the ‘drawings, the numeral 10
designates a base which has rising therefrom a
angle upwardly and outwardly from the inner
end of strip 35. 'Bar 28 and the adjacent end of
plate 26 are cut out, as indicated at 40, to pro
extending therefrom pairs of upwardly curved
vide iorreceiving the barrel 31' and pivot mem
globe supporting arms I2, l3, l4- and I5. The .55
standard or support II‘. The standard ll has
2,408,651
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a
ber 38. A spring 41 engages about pivot mem
ber 38 and provides a means whereby brake
member 34 is constantly urged to a braking
position.
A second braking member 32 extends laterally
from the opposite side of slide 25 and comprises
an elongated strip 43, having secured to the lower
end thereof braking element M. The inner up
per end of the stripés is formed with one or more
barrels 155 through which a pivot member 46 en
gages and bar 29 and the adjacent side of plate
26 are cut out, as indicated at 47, to provide for
receiving brake member 132. A spring 48 con
. stantly urges brake member 42 to a position with
braking element 44 contacting the periphery or
outer surface of globe i6.
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In order to provide a releasable axis and point
er or indicator which is correlated with slide 25
to measure a distance between two predetermined
points on the globe I6, I have provided a resilient
combined pointer and axis designated 49. The
combined pointer and axis‘llli includes a V-shaped
pointer 56 which is formed with a rounded point
5| adapted to engage the outer surface of the
globe i8. Pointer ?ll is carried by a U-shaped
resilient member 52, having openings 53 and 54
in the parallel legs thereof through which a
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and when guide 20 is in either a horizontal posi
tion or a position below the horizontal globe l6
may be easily lifted from the supporting frame
structure. By providing a releasable axis for the
globe and a round'point for this axis, the surface
of the globe will not be injured when point 5| is
in contact with the globe.
While the guide bar and retaining member 20
is shown as having indicia and graduations there
10 on indicating distances, this member may also be
calibrated in time periods between selected points,
, and cost rates for air travel, air mail, air express
and the like.
What I claim is:
1. A globe and support therefor comprising a
base, a standard rising from said base, radially
arranged upwardly directed arcuate arms carried
by said base, a globe rotatably seated in the con
cave sides of said arms and having universal
movement, a substantially semiecircular com
bined ‘globe retainer and guide bar rockably car
ried by an opposed pair of ‘said arms, a slide mem
ber slidably carried by said bar, and spring
pressed brake means carried by said bar for hold
ing said globe against rotation.
2. A globe and support therefor comprising a
base, a plurality of upwardly directed arcuate
threaded clamping screw 55 is adapted to engage.
arms carried by said base, a globe/rotatably car
The inner leg of the U-shaped member 52 is
ried by said arms and having universal‘move
‘formed with a right angular ?ange 56 adapted to 30 ment, a substantially Semi-circular combined
engage ‘against the ‘end of slot 23, as shown in
globe retainer and guide bar rockably carried by
Figure '5. Pointer 5i} loosely engages through
an opposed pair of said arms, means releasably
slot 23 "and'when in released position, pointer 59
locking said bar in alignment with said opposed
is out of ‘engagement with the surface of globe 15.
pair of arms, a sli'de‘member slidably carried by
In the use and operation of this device, pointer
said bar, springpressed brake means carried by
139 is initially disposed out of engagement with
said slide member engageable'with said globe for
the surface of globe 16, so that globe l6 may be
holding said globe against rotation, a resilient
freely rotated on the supporting balls l1. As
axis member carried by. said bar normally'disem
there is no fixed axis for globe Hi, this globe may
gaged from said globe, and'adjustable vmeans for
be turned in any desired direction. In order to
moving said axisv member into contact ‘with said
measure the distance between two given points
globe.
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on .the surface'of globe E6, the globe is turned
3. A‘ globe and vsupport therefor as set forth in
until one of the given points is beneath the sta
claim 2 wherein'said ‘arm's include rotatable balls
tionary pointer 159. Set screw 55 is then turned
engageable with said globe for rotatably support
inwardly to provide for contact of the rounded 45 ing the latter whereby said'gl'ob‘eimay be univer
.point M with the surface of the globe at one of
sally rotated.
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‘the two points to be measured. The globe may
4. A globe and support therefor as set forth in
then be rotated with point 5! as an axis, and
claim 2 ‘wherein said bar is formed with gradu
when the'second point on the globe is within slot
ations on the outer ‘side thereof and said slide is
23, slide '25 is shifted until hairline 2? is over 50 ‘formed with a hairline indication.
the second measured point. The numerals on
5. A1 globe and support therefor asset forth in
the graduations ill will then indicate the correct
claim .2'wherein said bar is formed with gradu
‘distance in miles or the like between the two .
‘ati'ons, and said axis member is correlated with
designated points on the globe.
said graduations whereby the distance between
' When hairline '2‘! is over‘the second of the
the point on .the globe contacted by said axis and
points to be measured, brakes 34 and 42 which are
a second point vdetermined by said ‘slide may be
raised by pressing the handles 39 inwardly, are
accurately measured.
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released for engagement with the surface of the
6. A globe and support thereforas set forth in
globe so that the globe will then be held station
‘claim 2 wherein said spring-pressed brake means
ary. In the event it is desired to remove globe it 60 extends laterally from opposite sides of said slide.
from the supporting frame structure, guide 20
may be swung downwardly in either direction,
RALPH A. KIEHL.
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