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Патент USA US2408658

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Oct. l', 1946.~ `
R. KRAsBERG
HAIR CURLER
v Filed April 20.V 1944
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,657
Patented Oct. 1, 1_946
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lRudolfKrajsberg,Chicago,Ill;r
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Applicatió?npril20,1944, serielN6§531,s76„¿§
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vns claims.
(01.132-345/
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ofthe device shownin Figure’B explanatory of the
` The present invention relates lto hair curlers
«construction and voperation ` thereof;
and more particularly to an improved hair (curler
Figure 6r shows the construction used where the
curling ïbar, has a `greater diameter thanv that
shown in Figure 3; and
Figure '7 shows another form- of the locking or
which is simple and economical tomanufacture
and which is easily operated by the user. >`
The present invention relates tor hair curlers
` of the type comprising arbar on which a curl may "
be wound.
restraining member.
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Referring to the drawing a curler i0 is shown
Preferably the curl `bar is hollow anda-*may be
in Figure 1 having'thereon acurl I2 held in posi
perforated, and a suitable gripper may be em
ployed whereby one 'end ofthe curl may be se 10 tion by arestraining or locking member I4. In
,winding the curl the «curlerris rotated in the direc
cured to the- lbar. In order to preventcthe curl
tion of the arrows shown in Figure 1 and when
from unwinding from the bar it is necessary to
the curl has'been completed the _locking member
provide some means which will restrain'the un
I4 is rotated in an opposite direction» to that
curling motion,v and in the past this -has been
shown’A bythe. arrows inthe figure. ` '
accomplished by a wire member secured to the
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,The details ofthe ¿curler I0 and the locking
bar and gripping member; kSucharrangement
member I4 are illustratedv in Figures 3, 4, ,and 5
does not permit the curl `to be'woundïtightly
from which it >becomes apparentthatthe curler
against the head of the person since in winding
I0 is provided with a hollow perforated bar por
it is not possiblev to judge with great accuracy
how many turns of the bar are required to form 20 tion I6 which is pivotallyconnected at I8 to a
gripping member 20. The gripping member 20 is
a curl and hence'a fixed restraining’member may
'biased 'towardïthe `bar lß'by a suitable spring 22
be a fraction of a turn removed from the most
mounted adjacent Athe 'handle portions of the
desirable restraining position. Other devices have
curler. ` At theopen end ofthe curler I0 there is
_provided a hair pin like member'inserted in a
hollow bar-but such device has certain disadvan
mounted in the hollow bar I6 ian extension mem
ber 24 which' formost sizesof curlers preferably
is of Vhollow construction.`_,The' locking member
tages, particularly when used with a perforated
hollow :bar in’that it is difiicult to insert the de
vice into the bar'and the rough interior of the
>bar does not readily permit the placementof‘the
wire member in the most desired restraining posi
tion.
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I4 is mounted on the outer extremity of the
>extension member `2|‘Iby a member 26 comprising ,
30 a resilient helical spring having a' stop portion 2K8 Y
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In accordance with the present invention the v
abjove mentioned disadvantagesfare ’overcorneby`
providing‘a curling barv having lat the end there
of an extension portion adapted to receive arre
straining member which is resiliently retained in
the ’desired position so as to have adequate in
herent rotation resisting action relative-to the
adapted to engage the endl fof the extension 24.
Inforder to-provide'the desired vdegree, of resist
ance against ’rotation :between the lockingv mem- '
ber I4 and the curler Iû at least one of the con
35 YVolumens 3o of the’helicai. spring ze is‘f‘bffset
slightly so that its .center does not coincide with
the aXis of Athe remainder of the convolutions.
, Figure 4 illustrates how the outer extremity of
the reduced'diameter extension portion 24 is in
It therefore is an object of the present inven 40 serted into the helical spring portion 26 wherey it
isabout to engage theslightly displaced convolu
tion to provide an improved curling bar with a re
tion 3D. In Figure 5 it will be seen that thecon
straining or lock member'whichobviates certain
`volution 30 is in'substantial alignment- with the
disadvantages/of the devices of 'the prior.V art.
Other and further objects of the invention sub 45 remaining convolutions of the helical portion 26.
Thus Vthe convolution 30 produces a certain resil
sequently will become apparent from the follow
ient bias which resists relative rotation between
ing description taken in conjunction with the
the locking member I4 and the curler I0.
accompanying drawing in which
In the use of the lcurlers of the type shown it
Figure 1 is a perspective view of a hair curler
frequently is desirable to use several sizes of curl
y in operating position with a curl formed there
50 ers of different diameter. To facilitate hair curl
about;
ing where different diameter curlers are used it
` Figure 2 is an end view of the curl shown in ~
is possible to provide an arrangement such as
shown in Figure 6 wherein the curler Ilia is of
Figure 3 is one embodiment of the present in
larger diameter than the curler l0. In that case
vention;
.
Van extension member 24a is inserted within the
Figures 4 and 5 are detailedl views of a portion
bar.
Figure
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2,408,657
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curler Illa so that the reduced end portion 2'5
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thereof extends beyond the end of the curling bar
|6a. The diameter of the extension portion 25
rigidly mounted within said hollow bar and hav
ing a portion extending beyond the end ofvsaid
bar, and a lock member rotatably carried by said
is the same diameter as the extension portion 24
extension member and having an arm spaced
of Figure 3 so that the same size locking member
I4 may ¿be used interchangeably with different
size curlers.
In Figure 7 there is shown a curler l0 having
an extension .24 embodying the same general
structure as that shown in Figure >3. The locking
member 30 has a helical spring gripping portion
32 one convolution of which may be’displaced
in the manner of the convolution 30 of the previ
ous embodiment, «and the locking member termi
from the surface of said bar to overlie the curl
and a resilient portion in engagement with said
extension member to resist rotation of said arm
relative to said bar, said lock member being
adapted to be moved to an adjusted position to
maintain the strand lin wound condition.
5. A hair curler comprising a hollow bar on
' which a strand of hair may be wound, gripping`
means for securing end of said strand to the bar,
an extension member having a portion thereof
nates in a handle portion 34. The handle portion 15 rigidly mounted within said hollow bar and hav
34 will facilitate the rotation of the locking mem
ing a portion extending beyond the end of said
ber 30 when the curling operation takes place as
bar, and an adjustably positioned lock member
was explained in connection with Figure 1.
While for the purpose of illustration and de
rotatably carried on said extension member by a
helically wound generally cylindrical shaped
scription, certain specific embodiments of the 20 spring portion having at least a portion of one
present invention have been shown, it is to be
convolution thereof oiî center so that the center
understood that the invention is not to be limited
thereby since obviously such variations may be
made as are commensurate with the scope of the
appended claims.
The present invention is hereby claimed as
follows:
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l.k A hair curler comprising a hollow bar on
which >a strand of hair may be wound, said bar
being provided with an extension and a remov
able rotatable locking member adapted to main
tain the strand in wound condition, said locking
thereof is not coincident with the center of the
remainder of the member.
6. A hair curler comprising a hollow bar on
25 ‘which a strand of hair may be wound, an exten
sion member positioned at the end of> said bar,
said extension member being of lesser diameter
than said bar, and a lock member to maintain
the strand in wound condition, said lock member
30 being carried on said extension member by a
helically wound generally cylindrical shaped
member comprising an exterior arm portion
spaced from the surface of said bar to overlie the
curl and a portion -resiliently mounted 'on the
spring portion having at least a portion of one
convolution thereof off-center so that the center
'thereof is no-t coincident with the center of the
remainder of the member, said lock member
exterior o'f an extension of said bar so as to have
being mounted by said spring for rotation to
inherent rotation resisting relation therewith.
an adjusted position to maintain the strand in
wound condition.
'7. A hair curler comprising a hollow bar on
sion for said bar carried thereby ademountable 40 which a strand of hair may be wound, said bar
2. A hair curler comprising a hollow bar on
which a strand of hair is to' be wound, an exten
looking member adapted to maintain the strand
>justably mounted on the exterior of an extension
'of ‘said bar 'so as to have inherentrota‘tion re
sisting relation therewith.
having an extension portion beyond the portion
on which the strand is wound, and an adjustable
locking member 'adapted to be moved to adjusted
position Vrelative to said bar to maintain the
strand in wound condition, said locking member
comprising an exterior arm portion spaced from
the surface of said bar to overlie the curl and a
3. A hair curler comprising a hollow bar on
which a strand of hair may be wound, an exten
resilient portion mounted on 'the exterior exten
sion of ysaid bar so as to have »inherent rotation
in 'Wound condition comprising an arm portion
spaced from -the surface of said bar to overlie
the curl and a resilient coil spring portion ad
sion member having a portion thereof rigidly
'mounted within said hollow, bar and extending
beyond the end of said bar, and a lock member
50 resisting relation therewith normally to retain
said locking member in adjusted position.
8. A hair curler comprising a hollow bar on
which a strand of hair is to be wound, said bar
rotatably mounted on said extension member so
as >tof be moved to adjusted position to maintain
the strand in wound condition, said lock member
having an extension portion beyond the portion
having a supporting portion in inherent resilient
rotation resisting engagement with said extension
wire locking member adapted to maintain the
on which the strand is wound a demountable
strand in wound condition comprising a wire
arm portion spaced from the surface of said
the wound strand of hair.
bar to overlieV the curl and a resilient coil spring
4. A hair curler comprising a hollow bar on 60 portion mounted'on the exterior of an extension
which a strand of hair may be wound, gripping
of said bar Vso as to have inherentl rotation re
means for securing end of said strand tothe bar,
sisting relation therewith.
H
an extension member having a portion thereof
vRUDOLF' KRASBERG.
member and an arm portion adapted to over-lie
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