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Патент USA US2408694

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.oct- 1, 1946-’ '
M.- H. SIDEBOTHAM
NIPPLE APPLYING IMPLEMENT‘
Filed Sept. 16, 1943
_' 2,408,693
2,408,693
Patented Oct. 1, 1946
* ' UNITED STATE s
PATENT; OFFICE‘
2,408,693.,"
Melvin NIPPLE
H. Sidebotham,
APPLYING'IMPLENIENT
Newton." Mass., assignor
of one-half to Harlow M. Russell,‘ Chelsea,
Mass.
Application September 1 6, 1943, Serial No. 562,575
2 Claims. (01. 81545.1)
‘1
in place ready to be stretched and applied to a
My invention relates to an implement for use
in homes and hospitals forvapplying expansible,
nursing bottle. '
rubber nipples to nursing bottles._
plement has been actuated to stretch the nipple
.
.
, _
.There has long been a needfor a simple, sani~
‘I
preparatory to applying the nipple to the mouth
tary deviceto aid in applying rubber nipples to
nursing'bottles. The method in universal use
of a bottle.
I Fig. '7 is an elevation of a typical nursing bot_
for applying such nipples to nursing bottles has
been to grasprthe nipple with the ?ngers and
tleto which rubber nipples are applied.
I ‘
Fig. 8 is an elevation of a nursing bottle with
‘stretch andydraw the nipple over the mouth and '
neckrof the nursing bottle. It will be obvious 10
that this operation is'very unsanitary because it
renders the nippleliable to contamination from
the hands of the person applying the nipple.
This method‘ of applying rubber ‘nipples to bot
the rubber’ nipple in place.
'
V
I
Similar reference characters indicate similar
parts or features in all of the views.
Referring ?rst to Figs. 1, 2 and 3, the imple
ment comprises abase ring I of any suitable ma
terial such as metal or plastic. The said base
ring-l has an annularrecess 2 in which is slid
‘ tles is difficult when the nipple is new and con
sequently requires
'_
~ Fig. 6 is the same as Fig. 5' except that the im
considerable strength to
ably and rotatably positioned an operating ring
stretch the nipple su?iciently to affix to‘the bot
tle. In hospitals it is not unusual to have large
,3. A handle 4 is secured, by means of rivets 4a,
to the base ring’ I, and a corresponding handle
5 is secured by means of rivets 5a to the voperat
numbers of nursing bottlesto be capped several
times a day. The number of bottles to which a
nurse may apply nipples in a short space of time,
ing ring 3. V A plurality of expansion arms 6 are
pivotally secured to the base ringll by pivot pins
is limited because of the strength required to
stretch the nipples.
One object of the present invention is to pro
1 spaced equidistant around the inner diameter
of the said base ring I. A gripping prong 8 ex
tends upward at right angles from the inner ex
25
vide an implement on which a nipple may be
tremity of each expansion arm 6. The outer end
placed and the bottom or base portion of the
of each expansion arm 6 is provided with a slot
ted recess 9 which slidably engages an operating
nipple stretched su?iciently to enable the nipple
to easily pass over the mouth and neck of the
pm Hi secured to the operating ring 3.
bottle. The implement is then pressed downward
In the operation of my improved implement,
out of engagement with the nipple and moved 30 when the two handles 4 and 5 (Fig. 1) are moved
upward out of contact with the bottle and nipple.
to approach each other, the operating ring 3 will
Another object of my invention consists in a
move in a counter-clockwise direction, and the
sanitary method for applying nipples to nursing
base ring will move in a clockwise direction.
bottles. This method consists in first frictionally
The movement of the base ring and the operating
holding a nipple on a nipple applying implement, 35 ring will cause each expansion arm 6 to pivot on
then immersing the nipple in hot water or any de
its corresponding pin 1 by the movement of pin
sired sterilizing solution, and thereafter applying
N which in turn moves the outer end of the
the nipple to a nursing bottle without human
expansion arm 6. It will be obvious that with the
hands coming in contact with the nipple after
counter-clockwise movement of the outer end of
40 each expansion arm 6 about the corresponding
the nipple is sterilized.
With said objects in view, and others that will
pivot pin 1, the inner portion of the said expan
be apparent from the following disclosure, my
sion lever will also move in a counter-clockwise
invention consists in the implement, and the ' direction. Thus the prongs 8 on the inner ex
method of sterilizing and applying nipples to
tremity of each expansion arm will operate out
nursing bottles as hereinafter described and 45 wardly to expand a rubber nipple placed with
claimed.
,
_
said prongs within the opening at the base of
Of the accompanying drawing:
7
Fig. 1 is a top view of the improved nipple
applying implement.
Fig. 2 is a side view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a bottom view of the implement shown
in Figs. 1 and 2.
.
Fig. 4 is a’ section at 4-4 of Figure 1.
Fig. 5 is a side view, drawn to a small scale,
the nipple.
In the method for using my improved nipple
applying implement, a rubber nipple llv (Fig. 5)
50 is placed upon theimplement with all the prongs
8 of the implement within the opening at the
base of the said nipple. The nurse then takes
' both handles 4 and 5 of the implement in one
of the nipple applying implement with a nipple 55 hand and draws the handles toward each other
3
2,408,698
4
slightly. Thus the prongs positioned in the nip
ple move outwardly to frictionally hold the nip
Having now described my invention, what I
claim is:
'
ple in place on the implement. While the nipple
1. An implement for applying expansible nip
is thus ?rmly held on the implement, the nip
ples to nursing bottles, comprising a base ring
ple and the area of the implement about the CL having an annular recess, an annular operating
nipple are submerged in hot water or any other
ring rotatably positioned in said annular recess,
suitable solution to sterilize the nipple and a
a handle secured to and extending radially out
portion of the implement. The implement with
ward frornthe base ring, a second handle secured
the nipple in' place thereon is removed from the
sterilizing solution. The handles of the imple
to and extending radially outward from the oper
10 ating ring and lying in close proximity to the
ment are then brought closer together in order
to cause the expansion arms to act to stretch the,
base of the nipple. The nipple and the imple-,
ment are next positioned with the nursing bot
tle, to which the nipple is to be applied, pro
jecting through the inner opening in the imple
ment and into the base of the stretched rubber
nipple. The handles of the implement are then
released to permit the handles to move away from
each other with the result that the rubber nip
ple grips the mouth of the nursing bottle I 2
(Fig. '7). The prongs 8 of the implement are
at this point gripped between the inner diameter
of the rubber nipple and the outer diameter of
the mouth of the bottle. The implement is then
pressed downward to draw the prongs '8 of the
implement out of engagement with the nipple
and‘ bottle. The implement is then brought up
ward out of engagement with the nipple and bot
tle to complete the operation of applying the 30
nipple to the bottle.
handle on the base ring, a plurality of expansion
‘arms spaced equidistant about the base ring, piv
ot pins ?xed ‘in, the base ring intermediate the
ends of the expansion arms for pivotally sup
porting each expansion arm, a prong at the in
ner extremity of each expansion arm extending
upward at right angles to the main portion of the
said expansion arms, and pins secured to the
operating ring and engaging the expansion arms
for actuating the outer end of each expansion
arm.
2.‘ An implement for applying expansible nip
ples to nursing bottles, comprising a base ring
having an annular recess, an annular operating
ring rotatably positioned in said annular recess,
a handle secured to and extending outward from
the base ring, a second handle secured to and
extending outward from the operating ring and
lying in close proximity to the handle on the
base ring, a plurality of expansion arms spaced
about the base ring, pivot pins ?xed in the base
It is common practice in hospitals to use ex
pansible caps to cover nursing bottles after the
bottles have been ?lled and before the nipples
are applied to the bottles. My improved imple
ment and method are also intended for use in
applying such expansible caps to nursing bot
ring intermediate the ends of the expansion arms
for pivotally supporting each expansion arm, a
prong at the inner extremity of each expansion
arm extending upward from the main portion
of the said expansion arms, and pins secured to
tles. Therefore, “nipples” in the appended claims
is intended to include any type of expansible
the operating ring and engaging the expansion
closure.
My invention is not limited to the embodiment
herein shown and described, its scope being set
forth in the appended claims.
arms for actuating the outer end of each expan
sion arm.
‘
MELVIN H. SIDEBOTHAM.
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