Патент USA US2408694код для вставки
.oct- 1, 1946-’ ' M.- H. SIDEBOTHAM NIPPLE APPLYING IMPLEMENT‘ Filed Sept. 16, 1943 _' 2,408,693 2,408,693 Patented Oct. 1, 1946 * ' UNITED STATE s PATENT; OFFICE‘ 2,408,693.," Melvin NIPPLE H. Sidebotham, APPLYING'IMPLENIENT Newton." Mass., assignor of one-half to Harlow M. Russell,‘ Chelsea, Mass. Application September 1 6, 1943, Serial No. 562,575 2 Claims. (01. 81545.1) ‘1 in place ready to be stretched and applied to a My invention relates to an implement for use in homes and hospitals forvapplying expansible, nursing bottle. ' rubber nipples to nursing bottles._ plement has been actuated to stretch the nipple . . , _ .There has long been a needfor a simple, sani~ ‘I preparatory to applying the nipple to the mouth tary deviceto aid in applying rubber nipples to nursing'bottles. The method in universal use of a bottle. I Fig. '7 is an elevation of a typical nursing bot_ for applying such nipples to nursing bottles has been to grasprthe nipple with the ?ngers and tleto which rubber nipples are applied. I ‘ Fig. 8 is an elevation of a nursing bottle with ‘stretch andydraw the nipple over the mouth and ' neckrof the nursing bottle. It will be obvious 10 that this operation is'very unsanitary because it renders the nippleliable to contamination from the hands of the person applying the nipple. This method‘ of applying rubber ‘nipples to bot the rubber’ nipple in place. ' V I Similar reference characters indicate similar parts or features in all of the views. Referring ?rst to Figs. 1, 2 and 3, the imple ment comprises abase ring I of any suitable ma terial such as metal or plastic. The said base ring-l has an annularrecess 2 in which is slid ‘ tles is difficult when the nipple is new and con sequently requires '_ ~ Fig. 6 is the same as Fig. 5' except that the im considerable strength to ably and rotatably positioned an operating ring stretch the nipple su?iciently to affix to‘the bot tle. In hospitals it is not unusual to have large ,3. A handle 4 is secured, by means of rivets 4a, to the base ring’ I, and a corresponding handle 5 is secured by means of rivets 5a to the voperat numbers of nursing bottlesto be capped several times a day. The number of bottles to which a nurse may apply nipples in a short space of time, ing ring 3. V A plurality of expansion arms 6 are pivotally secured to the base ringll by pivot pins is limited because of the strength required to stretch the nipples. One object of the present invention is to pro 1 spaced equidistant around the inner diameter of the said base ring I. A gripping prong 8 ex tends upward at right angles from the inner ex 25 vide an implement on which a nipple may be tremity of each expansion arm 6. The outer end placed and the bottom or base portion of the of each expansion arm 6 is provided with a slot ted recess 9 which slidably engages an operating nipple stretched su?iciently to enable the nipple to easily pass over the mouth and neck of the pm Hi secured to the operating ring 3. bottle. The implement is then pressed downward In the operation of my improved implement, out of engagement with the nipple and moved 30 when the two handles 4 and 5 (Fig. 1) are moved upward out of contact with the bottle and nipple. to approach each other, the operating ring 3 will Another object of my invention consists in a move in a counter-clockwise direction, and the sanitary method for applying nipples to nursing base ring will move in a clockwise direction. bottles. This method consists in first frictionally The movement of the base ring and the operating holding a nipple on a nipple applying implement, 35 ring will cause each expansion arm 6 to pivot on then immersing the nipple in hot water or any de its corresponding pin 1 by the movement of pin sired sterilizing solution, and thereafter applying N which in turn moves the outer end of the the nipple to a nursing bottle without human expansion arm 6. It will be obvious that with the hands coming in contact with the nipple after counter-clockwise movement of the outer end of 40 each expansion arm 6 about the corresponding the nipple is sterilized. With said objects in view, and others that will pivot pin 1, the inner portion of the said expan be apparent from the following disclosure, my sion lever will also move in a counter-clockwise invention consists in the implement, and the ' direction. Thus the prongs 8 on the inner ex method of sterilizing and applying nipples to tremity of each expansion arm will operate out nursing bottles as hereinafter described and 45 wardly to expand a rubber nipple placed with claimed. , _ said prongs within the opening at the base of Of the accompanying drawing: 7 Fig. 1 is a top view of the improved nipple applying implement. Fig. 2 is a side view of Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a bottom view of the implement shown in Figs. 1 and 2. . Fig. 4 is a’ section at 4-4 of Figure 1. Fig. 5 is a side view, drawn to a small scale, the nipple. In the method for using my improved nipple applying implement, a rubber nipple llv (Fig. 5) 50 is placed upon theimplement with all the prongs 8 of the implement within the opening at the base of the said nipple. The nurse then takes ' both handles 4 and 5 of the implement in one of the nipple applying implement with a nipple 55 hand and draws the handles toward each other 3 2,408,698 4 slightly. Thus the prongs positioned in the nip ple move outwardly to frictionally hold the nip Having now described my invention, what I claim is: ' ple in place on the implement. While the nipple 1. An implement for applying expansible nip is thus ?rmly held on the implement, the nip ples to nursing bottles, comprising a base ring ple and the area of the implement about the CL having an annular recess, an annular operating nipple are submerged in hot water or any other ring rotatably positioned in said annular recess, suitable solution to sterilize the nipple and a a handle secured to and extending radially out portion of the implement. The implement with ward frornthe base ring, a second handle secured the nipple in' place thereon is removed from the sterilizing solution. The handles of the imple to and extending radially outward from the oper 10 ating ring and lying in close proximity to the ment are then brought closer together in order to cause the expansion arms to act to stretch the, base of the nipple. The nipple and the imple-, ment are next positioned with the nursing bot tle, to which the nipple is to be applied, pro jecting through the inner opening in the imple ment and into the base of the stretched rubber nipple. The handles of the implement are then released to permit the handles to move away from each other with the result that the rubber nip ple grips the mouth of the nursing bottle I 2 (Fig. '7). The prongs 8 of the implement are at this point gripped between the inner diameter of the rubber nipple and the outer diameter of the mouth of the bottle. The implement is then pressed downward to draw the prongs '8 of the implement out of engagement with the nipple and‘ bottle. The implement is then brought up ward out of engagement with the nipple and bot tle to complete the operation of applying the 30 nipple to the bottle. handle on the base ring, a plurality of expansion ‘arms spaced equidistant about the base ring, piv ot pins ?xed ‘in, the base ring intermediate the ends of the expansion arms for pivotally sup porting each expansion arm, a prong at the in ner extremity of each expansion arm extending upward at right angles to the main portion of the said expansion arms, and pins secured to the operating ring and engaging the expansion arms for actuating the outer end of each expansion arm. 2.‘ An implement for applying expansible nip ples to nursing bottles, comprising a base ring having an annular recess, an annular operating ring rotatably positioned in said annular recess, a handle secured to and extending outward from the base ring, a second handle secured to and extending outward from the operating ring and lying in close proximity to the handle on the base ring, a plurality of expansion arms spaced about the base ring, pivot pins ?xed in the base It is common practice in hospitals to use ex pansible caps to cover nursing bottles after the bottles have been ?lled and before the nipples are applied to the bottles. My improved imple ment and method are also intended for use in applying such expansible caps to nursing bot ring intermediate the ends of the expansion arms for pivotally supporting each expansion arm, a prong at the inner extremity of each expansion arm extending upward from the main portion of the said expansion arms, and pins secured to tles. Therefore, “nipples” in the appended claims is intended to include any type of expansible the operating ring and engaging the expansion closure. My invention is not limited to the embodiment herein shown and described, its scope being set forth in the appended claims. arms for actuating the outer end of each expan sion arm. ‘ MELVIN H. SIDEBOTHAM.