Патент USA US2408733код для вставки
Oct. 8, 1946. > \ J. BURGER . . 2,408,731 CONTAINER OR SHIPPING CASE HAVING A REMOVABLE 'covER TO BE LOCKED AND SEALED .Filed Dec. 30, 1945 , ' 2,408,731 Patented Oct. '8, 1946 UNITED‘ STATES PATENT OFFICE QONTAINER 0R‘ SHIPPING CASE HAVING A REMOVABLE COVER TO BE LOCKED AN SEALED Joseph Burger, New York, N. Y. Application December 30, 1943, Serial No. 516,151 1 Claim. (Cl. 217--56) 1 holding means therebeneath; ’ Fig. 2 is a section on the line 2-—2 of Fig. 1; Fig. 3 is a sectional View similar to Fig, 2, with the top or cover removed; Fig. 4 is a section on the line 4-4 of Fig. 1; Fig. 5 is a top plan view ‘of. the top or cover, showing the locking members in position to per mit the closure to be removed from the container cardboard, from which materials were formerly ' made those shipping or packaging containers in 10 tended to be thrown away after use, since these - materials are not longer available. As a result, shipping containers or packing cases of this type must now be made of more costly materials, such or case. . ‘ ' . ‘ Referringr now to the drawing, the box or ship ping case l0 may be made of any suitable mate rial, preferably wood, and is provided with the bottom [2, the end walls l4 and sides ‘l6, which may be secured together by any suitable well as wood, making them relatively expensive to discard. 2 partially broken away show the catch member The present invention relates ,to containers or shipping cases and more particularly to those having removable tops or covers which can be locked. and sealed and so constructed, and ar ranged that they may be so used repeatedly. Under conditions now existing it is not possible to make containers or shipping cases from inex pensive materials, such as corrugated paper or known means, such as glue, nails or- screws. ‘ It will, of course, be understood that the present invention may be applied to any construction of I have provided a container, the top of or cover to which, although locked and sealed, may readily be opened to remove the goods shipped in the container but which is so designed that it may then be returned to the shipper for repeated sim box or case, the details of construction, except as modi?ed as hereinafter described, forming no part ilar use. As a result, containers or shipping cases embodying my invention, even though made from The interior I8 of the box or shipping case I0 is closed by the cover 20, which rests on the upper edges of the end liners orend cover supports 22 and side liners or side cover supports 24 secured to'the container or case in the interior thereof, of the invention. comparatively expensive materials, are yet come paratively inexpensive since they may be used over again a great many times, making available ' > Further, containers or packing cases embody 30 ing my invention are so constructed and arranged that they are tamper-proof because the cover thereof cannot be removed without breaking a seal, which if broken would immediately indicate - ' ~ the liners or supports extend inwardly from the ends l4 and sides [6 beyond the-upper shoulder 26 forming the locking groove 28, to which fur for'commerce more durable and stronger con tainers, which heretofore because of cost were not used in a great many services. I ther reference will-be made.‘ ‘ _ , Y, The dimensions of the cover or closure 20 are such that it ?ts close to the ends l4 and sides l6 but does not extend into the locking groove 28 so that the cover or closure may be lifted out to the receiver that the container or packingcase 35 through or ?tted into the opening 30 to the in had been opened. » Heretofore, wooden boxes or cases could not readily be reused, since the top or cover thereof terior of the container or case to open or close it. The cover or closure 20 has pivotally arranged ' thereon the locking members 32, which are se cured to the cover or closure by, any suitable is usually nailed or so secured to the box or case 40 means, such as the rivets 34, which constitute that it must of necessity be destroyed or so dam pivots about which the locking members may be aged when it is opened that it is no longer re swung into locking and unlocking position, as usable. indicated by the arrows 36 (Figs. 1 and 5) and My invention, on the other hand, when applied which function will be further explained. to the prior box or shipping case construction 45 The ends 38 0f the locking members 32 are provides one which can be sealed and readily preferably somewhat beveled so that they will relatively tightly ?t into the grooves 28, when ' opened without any damage thereto so that the the members are swung about the pivots 34 into box or case may be reused as often as desired. These, other and further objects, advantages locking position against the, stop members 40, . and uses of my invention will be clear from the 60 Which'are secured to the cover or closure 29 by following description and the drawing relating thereto, in which Fig. 1 is a top plan view of a, container or ship any suitable means. - The locking members 32 are longer than the width of the cover or closure 20 so that the bev eled ends 38 extend completely into the groove broken to show a groove and one of the seals 55 28 when the members 32 are positioned by cor ping case according to my invention, partially 2,408,731 3 4 responding, adjacent stops 40 transversely of the removal from the stop and, locking members so that the container can be opened and the con cover or closure (as illustrated in Fig. 1), the stops arranged on the closure or cover relatively tents removed, whereupon the container may be to the locking members to accomplish this. For convenience in the manufacture of the corn tainer, the locking grooves 28 are arranged along the sides l6 extending from one end of the con tainer or case to the other end thereof, though it will be understood that these grooves need only be long enough and properly spaced to permit the entry therein in looking position of the bev eled ends 38 of the locking members 32. In operation, after the box or shipping is packed and the cover or closure locked in posi tion by swinging the beveled ends 38 of the mem bers 32 into the groove 28, whereupon’ the case or container will not be opened unless the members are purposely moved into a position such as illus trated in Fig. 5. ' In order to prevent tampering with the case and unauthorized removal of its contents during transit, I provide means for looking a member 32 to a stop 40, in the container closing position il lustrated in Fig. 1. A comparatively inexpensive construction to accomplish this is to provide an opening 42 in each stop 48 and a corresponding opening 44 in each member 32, the openings being brought into parallel alignment upon bringing home against its corresponding stop 40 a member 32. A catch member 46, such as a U-shaped staple, one leg 48 of which is arranged in the stop member open ing 42 and the other leg 50 of which is arranged in the aligned opening 44 of the corresponding locking member 32, prevents these members from being moved into the position illustrated in Fig. 5, whereat the ends 38 have been moved out of the grooves 28 to thereby permit removal of the cover or closure 20 from the container or case. This catch member or lock 46 may then be sealed as by the metal or paper seal 52, which covers and holds the catch member or look in position and which seal is preferably cemented to the stop and locking members. Should the seals be removed or in any way broken or dam closed, as described, the catch member or look 5 rescaled so that it will not be lost and the con tainer returned to the shipper for reuse. It will now be recognized that I have provided a shipping container or packing case which will in no way be damaged when it is opened to re move its contents, even though it had been sealed to prevent tampering therewith or unauthorized removal of its contents, so that it may be used again and again, as desired, making possible for its construction heretofor unused relatively ex pensive and durable materials. While I have described in speci?c detail the construction of an embodiment of my invention, I do not intend to be limited thereto but intend to claim the invention as broadly as the following claim and the state of the prior art will permit, since changes in the construction details thereof will now readily occur to those skilled in the art. I claim: A shipping case comprising a bottom, end walls, side walls and a removable closure therefor, said side walls having grooves therein, locking mem bers pivotally secured to the closure, stop mem bers ?xed to the closure and extending sub stantially at right angles to the grooves upon arranging the closure in the case, each of said locking members to be swung about its pivot into locking position against a stop member with the ends or” the locking member inserted in a said roove, each of said stop and locking members having holes therein, the mouth of the hole in a stop member lying in the same horizontal line as the mouth of the hole in the locking member upon bringing the locking member against a stop mem ber, a U-shaped member, the legs of which com pletely and removably extend into a hole in the stop member and into the hole of the correspond— ing locking member, the element of said U-shaped member connecting the legs thereof being posi tioned on and against the top of the stop mem~ ber and corresponding locking member and a ?at sealing member secured to the surface of the stop member and corresponding locking member and extending partially thereover to partially cover aged that would establish immediate evidence of possible tampering with the contents that had been shipped, so that in such event the shipment need not be accepted. said members, the holes and leg joining element When the shipment is received, the seals are 50 of the U-shaped member. broken to release the catch member or look for JOSEPH BURGER.