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Патент USA US2408899

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011 3, 1946.
Filed Nov. 19, 1945
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
Im w n._ M s E N
Filed Nov. 19, 1945
2 Sheets-Sheét 2
Patented Oct. 8, 1946
Joseph Wilmsen, Rushland, Pa.
Application November 19, 1945, Serial No. 629,491
1 Claim.
My invention relates to chenille-making ma
chines and more particularly to improved means
for carrying the pile-forming strands.
In machines of this type and particularly those
used for making tinsel of the type used for deco
rating Christmas trees and on other festive occa
sions, it is the usual practice to provide each
(01. 57—-24)
‘rially altering the structure of such machines,
while permitting such machines to operate for
relatively long periods of time without the neces
sity of interruption for re-spooling.
This and other objects are'attained by my in
vention as set forth in the following speci?cation
and as illustrated in the accompanying drawings,
in which:
Fig. 1 is a fragmentary top plan view of a con
machine with two separate heads, each of which,
in the more improved machines, forms two
“ropes” of tinsel. The tinsel is formed from rela 10
ventional chenille-making machine of which only
tively thin strands of metal foil which are twisted
the parts necessary for illustrating the invention
and looped on and between strands of yarn, the
have been shown.
loops, being then cut so as to produce loose ends
Fig. 2 is a view partly in section and partly in
which extend at an angle to the supporting or
core yarns. In order to give the tinsel a thick, 15 side elevation, of the machine shown in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is an end elevation taken on the line
?uify appearance, it is desirable to use a large
III——III of Fig. 2.
number of ends or strands which are fed simul
Fig. 4 is a plan View of the forming bar which
taneously. However, since machines of this type
is part of the conventional machine.
are long and narrow, and since it is the practice
Fig. 5 is a section on line V—V of Fig. 4..
to provide each machine with two spinning heads
so as to produce two “ropes” of tinsel simultane
ously, there is no room for accommodating two
In Fig, 1, there is shown a source of power,
such as a motor M, which drives a shaft 5 which
heads, each of which is large enough to carry the
required number of spools.
It, therefore, has
been the practice heretofore to take several
spools of tinsel strands, for example four, each
containing a predetermined number of feet of
strand, as, for example, one hundred feet, and
to rewind the strands from all four spools onto
‘carries a gear 7. The gear ‘I meshes with ring
a single spool of the same size.
The result is
that the single spool referred to carries only
gears 8 which form part of or are carried by each
of two spool-supporting heads 9. Alternately,
the spool-supporting heads 9, instead of having
ring gears 3, may be provided with grooves which
will be engaged by a belt driven by the motor M
or other source of power.
The heads 9 are car
ried by sleeves H! which are mounted on stub
shafts I I and provided with suitable thrust bear
twenty-?ve feet of “ll-ply” tinsel strands. When
iIlgs Q. When the heads 9 are rotated by the
this practice is followed, it is necessary to stop
gear I, the sleeves l6 also rotate On the stub
shafts H. Each of the stub shafts ll carries a
forming bar l3 which is provided with radial
and respool the machine as soon as the twenty
?ve feet of 4-ply strands have been used up.
This, together with the necessity of winding the 35 grooves 14 and above and below which are suit- '
ably mounted rotating cutters IS. The textile
strands from several spools onto one spool, re
tarded production and increased costs.
This problem has heretofore been recognized
yarns about which the tinsel yarns‘ are twisted,
together with the guide wires forming part of
and an attempt to solve it is disclosed in Ander
conventional machines of this type, have been
narrow and there is no room for enlarged spool
spools which carry the tinsel strands are mounted
on the left-hand side of the head, as viewed in
tion to produce an improved supporting head
whereby a greatly increased number of spools
may be supported without increasing the size of
50 about the forming bar and are cut by the cutters
son Patent No. 1,585,357 of May 18, 1926. In 40 omitted from‘ Fig. 2 for clarity of illustration.
The sleeves II] are provided with rods l6 which
this particular patent, the solution of the prob
carry a guide ring 11 which rotates with the
lem consisted in providing a greatly enlarged head
sleeves Ill and the heads 9.
for supporting the spools and by mounting on
conventionally, and as illustrated in the patent
said head concentrically-staggered rows of spools.
This, as above stated, is not an adequate remedy 45 above referred to and such other patents as
Wolkow, No. 1,039,876, of October 1, 1912, the
because machines of this type currently used are
It is, therefore, a speci?c object of the inven
Fig. 2, and the strands from the spools are twisted
I 5 above and below the bar. The textile yarns
about which the tinsel strands are twisted have
been omitted from Fig. 1 also, but the guide wires,
the head itself, so that conventional machines
may be equipped with two heads without mate 55 which serve to propel the work to the left, as
viewed in Figs. 1 and 2, are shown at 16X in Fig.
1, as are the guide rollers I8 over which these
wires are endlessly driven. As will be seen from
Fig. 1, the guide rollers I8 are in the nature of
grooved pulleys which overlap the opposite edges
a single strand, it follows that each of the thirty
two spools carries a, much longer strand of tinsel
than would be the case when two or more spools
are re-wound on a single spool to provide two,
three or four ends on one spool.
For example,
of the forming bar. The parts heretofore de Or if in prior conventional machines, the spool head
scribed may all be conventional and form no part
is provided with sixteen spools, each of which
carries two strands, so as to produce a tinsel rope
of the present invention.
In order to carry out my invention, namely, to
formed of thirty-two ends, such machine will
avoid rewindlng two or more spools carrying
run for a period of time equal to one-half of the
tinsel strands onto one spool and thus shorten
time for which a machine provided with a head
the operation of the machine between re-spool
embodying my invention and carrying sixteen
ings, I have devised the head shown best in Fig.
spools on each side will run. In other words, the
3. As will be seen from this ?gure and from the
conventional machine referred to has to be re
other ?gures of the drawings, I have'mounted a
spooled twice, every time that a machine em
number of spools 20 on opposite sides of the
bodying the head of my invention will have to
head 9, the spools on one side of the head being
be re-spooled once. This increase in the length
preferably staggered with respect to the spools
of time of continuous operation of the machine
on the other side thereof. Each of the spools
constitutes a very great saving in time and labor
20 is mounted on a stub shaft 2| and is tensioned
and, because the spools are located on opposite
by a spring 22. To One side of the head 9, I pro 20 sides of the head, the overall dimensions of the
vide an auxiliary head 23, which is provided with
head will not be increased. Therefore, a con
apertures 2:1 which register with apertures 25 in
ventional machine, such as that illustrated in
the head 9 and through which the tinsel strands
Fig. 1, instead of having two, heads each having
26 from the spools on the corresponding side of
eight spools with four strands on each spool, with
25 the spools all on one side of the head, will, ac
the head are adapted to pass.
As will be seen from Fig. 2, the strands 26
cording to my invention, have two heads each of
from the spools on the right-hand side of the
which has sixteen spools, thus providing the same
head 9 are guided by the ring I‘! onto the form
number of ends without enlarging the machine
ing bar 13, while the strands 21 from the spools
or materially altering the arrangement of the
on the left-hand side of the head impinge directly 30 operative parts thereof.
upon the forming bar. As the sleeve III, the head
What I claim is:
9 and the auxiliary head 23 rotate, the strands
The combination with a tinsel making machine
26 and 27 are twisted 0n the forming bar and
of a spool head for supplying strands of tinsel
are cut by the cutters I5 to form multiple ropes
to the forming bar of said machine, said head
35 comprising a relatively small body of a size to
of tinsel 28, as shown in Fig. 1.
As shown in Fig. 3, the head 9 is provided with
?t the dimensions of a conventional machine
eight spools on each side thereof, making a total
of this type, a ?rst plurality of spools on one
of sixteen. This, however, is simply for the pur
face of said head,_a second plurality of spools
pose of illustration, because in actual practice
disposed on the opposite face of said head in
and on an actually-operating machine, there are
staggered relation to the ?rst mentioned spools,
sixteen spools on each side of the head 9, giving
and a plate rotatable with said head and having
a total of thirty-two spools, all of which feed
apertures therein for‘ passage of strands from
strands of .tinsel simultaneously to the forming
said second plurality of spools therethrough,
bar [3. By this means the tinsel is formed from
there being apertures in said head registering
thirty-two separate ends, so that it has the de 45 with the apertures in said plate for passage of
sired thickness and ?uf?ness, but, since all
strands from said second plurality of spools in
thirty-two spools are original spools, that is, each
the direction of the strands from the ?rst plu
of which carries a single end, it follows that the
rality of spools.
machine will run until the tinsel strands on the
spools are used up. Since the strands of tinsel 50
are extremely thin and since each spool carries
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