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Oct. 8, 1946.
D, A_ ME'EKER ET AL
2,408,942
SCALE
Original Filed July 8,' 1958
4 Sheets-Sheet l
O’ct. 8, 1946.
n. A.' MEEKER Erm.
2,408,942
SCALE
Original Filed July 8, 1938
4 _Sheets-Sheet 2
Nl
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mm;@Q
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In venî‘ors
8, 1946.
D. A. MEEKER E_TAL
2,408,942
SCALE
original Filed July e, 195s
4 sheets-sheet »5
In van?orai
od. s, ‘1946.-
D. A. MEEKER mL "
2,408,942A
S CALE
Original Filed July 8, 1938 l
4 Sheets-Sheet 4
Patented Oct. 8, 1946
2,408,942
UNITED 'STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,408,942
SCALE
David A. Meeker, Troy, and Kenneth C. Allen,
Dayton, Ohio, assignors to The Hobart Manu
facturing Company, Troy, Ohio, a corporation
of Ohio
Original application July 8, 1938, Serial No.
218,240. Divided and this application June 29,
1942, Serial No. 448,964
6 Claims. (Cl. 24U-2.11)
1
2
This invention relates to scales, and more par
beneath the base, having friction pads I2 and
ticularly to scales of the computing type.
being suitably adjustable individually to provide
It is a principal object of the invention to pro
vide a scale construction having an outer deco
rative casing which may be readily removed with
out affecting the adjustment or setting of the
scale, and which effectively seals the scale when
for leveling the scale upon the surface on which
it rests.
A skeleton framework comprising two end
members I4 is bolted to and extends upwardly
from adjacent each end of the base I0, both the
frame and the base being suitably formed of a
in place to prevent access of dust or foreign mat
ter thereto.
lightweight casting and provided with strength
It is a further object to provide a simple and 10 ening ribs where desired to impart additional
effective construction for a sign or advertising
strength. As shown in Fig. 2 at the right-hand
display device capable of being changed readily
end of the scale the frame end member I4 is
by the user of the scale to display advertising
material as desired.
'
formed with an outwardly projecting flange IIIa
above the lever, but is offset inwardly with an
Other objects and advantages will be apparent 15 inwardly projecting flange Iâb where it extends
from the following description, the accompany
between the chart and the lever, thus providing
ing drawings, and the appended claim.
proper strength while reducing the longitudinal
In the drawings,
`
dimension of the scale.
A cross member I5 is
Fig. 1 is a perspective View from the clerk's side
fastened to the top of the two end members I4,
showing a scale constructed in accordance with 20 and may suitably comprise a stamping which is
the present invention;
bolted to the upper ends of members I4, thereby
Fig. 2 is a side elevational View within the cas
providing a ñrm framework Vsupport for receiv
ing and looking toward the mechanism of the
ing the scale operating parts.
scale, with portions being broken to show the
An outer decorative enameled shell or casing
construction more clearly;
25 I6 is shaped to conform generally with the frame
Fig. 3 is an end elevational view within the
member, and is adapted to be fitted downwardly
outer casing, and showing the operating mecha
over the frame, and into sealing relation with
nism of the scale;
the base. This casing does not carry the loads
Fig. 4 is a plan View with the platter
and with portions being broken away
construction of the sealing means for
an effective sealing of the outer casing
spect to the scale frame;
Fig. 5 is a detail plan vew showing
frame device;
removed
and is not subject to the stresses of the scale,
to show 30 which are carried wholly by the frame. It may
securing
be readily placed over the frame and removed
with re
therefrom with little possibility of damage to
the delicate scale parts being guided by the pro
the sign
n
Fig. 6 is a sectional view on the line 6-6 of
Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is a detail sectional view on the line 'I-l
tecting frame.
The casing I6 has a central open
35 ing at I‘I through which the platter supporting
means is received and mounted, and at its lower
edge extends into sealing relation with a periph
eral flexible strip I8 which is fltted Within a
groove within the base member I0. The strip
of Fig. 2, showing the means for fastening the
case to the frame of the scale;
40 tends to project horizontally and upon lowering '
Fig. 8 is a View showing the construction of
of the casing into position upon the frame, the
the platter supporting member which provides
lower edge of the casing contacts the flexible
for sealing the interior of the scale, the platter
strip, bending it downwardly, thereby establish
being in raised or substantially no-load posi
ing a highly effective sealing Contact around the
45 entire lower periphery of the scale to effectively
tion; and
Fig. 9 is a View showing a modified construction
prevent access of dust, insects or other foreign
of such sealing means.
particles thereto. The casing is fastened to the
This application is a division of parent appli
frame member i5 by means of a pair of screws 20
cation 218,240 ñled July 8, 1938, now Patent No.
which are received within an upwardly project
2,287,814, issued June 30, 1942.
50 ing threaded part 2| fastened to the Vframe mem
Referring to the drawings which disclose a
ber I5 as by welding or the like. Screw 20 has
preferred embodiment of the invention, there is
a tapered head, which receives a flanged washer
shown at I0 a base casting preferably integral
22, and a gasket 23 adap-ted to -be drawn down
and impervious, of generally rectangular shape.
into sealing contact with an upwardlyl projecting
vA plurality of adjustable feet II are positioned
flange 2lil formed upon the casing member I 6,
'2,408,942
Thus when screw 20 is tightened, the casing will
be firmly held upon the frame i5, and the at
taching means is adequately sealed and pro
tected.
The casing is also formed in its upper part with
an opening for receiving grommet 25 which pro
vides a close internal fit with a cylindrical level
casing 26, suitably fastened by screws 21 to the
4
price valuations. Such magnifying lens is re~
ceíved within a metal frame piece SEI which is
formed Iwith inwardly extending lugs |22 adapted
to pass through apertures formed in recessed
flanges |23 integral with casing I5. When thus
positioned in place, the inner end of the lugs |22
is twisted or clamped over, to thereby ñrmly hold
the lens in assembled position. Suitable sealing
compound |24 is positioned beneath the periph~
frame member I5. Thus the level is not carried
by the casing, but is carried by the frame itself 10 eral edge of the frame member |2| and the adja
cent face of the casing, maintaining a tightly
and projects upwardly through the grommet in
sealed construction. Illuminating means |25 are
relatively close sealing relation so that again
positioned to direct light upon the chart to en»
access of dust and the like is prevented, and an
able the 'same to be read, and are controlled by
effectively sealed condition is maintained in the
a switch which causes the lights to be turned on
scale, the casing as described being readily
whenever a load is placed upon the platform..
removable upwardly without removal of any- of
On the customer’s side of the scale the com~
the operating parts.
puted valuations are of course reversed and not
The frame I5 is curved downwardly as shown ’
in position to be legible and hence are blocked out
at 30 in line >with opening |'l in the casing, to pro
by suitable plates making it impossible for them
vide for receiving the platter support. An an»
to be seen. However an inverted weight scale
nular ring 3| having an inner upstanding flange
adapted to be read by the customer is provided
32 is fastened to the frame I5 by means of screws
on the chart and a reading device H3A is pro
33, the inner diameter of iiange 32 being only
vided to enable accurate weight readings to be
slightly in excess of that of the member 34 con
made. It is also desired to provide means on the
stituting the platter support. As shown in Fig.
customer’s side adapted to receive an advertising
8 member 34 has a lower circular rib 34a of
or display device, advertising for instance a spe
slightly larger diameter than the main body of
cial for the day, or any other item to which par
the support, the rib being adapted to closely ap
ticulai` attention is desired to be directed. For
proach the inner wall of flange 32 in the no-load
position of the scale to provide a close seal efiec- - this `purpose a sheet metal member |30 extends
across the width of the scale, being formed with
tively preventing passage of foreign matter.
two openings separated by an integral rib |30A,
When a load is placed upon the platform, memthe part |3| adapted to be in line with the weight
ber 34 moves downwardly, bringing the portion
readings on the scale chart, to provide for read~
of the body of lesser diameter opposite fiange 32,
to provide somewhat greater clearance to accom- ¿ ing the actual weight of the material upon the
platter. The part |32 is of larger extent, and
modate the arcuate movement of member 34, the
provides for receiving a suitable advertising dis
clearance still being sufficiently close to maintain
play or the like. This construction comprises a
an effective sealed relation. The casing I5 is
Z-shalzed flanged member |33 welded to the ad
formed with an annular oñset portion 35 and be
jacent inner face of member |30 and having in
tween this offset and the member 3| there is po
wardly extending lugs |34 formed thereon and
sitioned an annular piece of felt or the like 3S
passing through apertures in the casing part I6.
which forms a seal between the casing and the
A piece of translucent material |35, such as a
frame member. This construction, together with
frosted or ground glass plate is received within
the close clearance of the platter support, com
the angles of the members |33 and provides for
pletes the sealing construction 4which provides for
transmitting light from the light source |36, while
maintaining the interior of the scale free of for
preventing actually seeing through the plate.
eign matter.
Preferably
the plate |35 extends beneath both
The platter is 'shown at 40, as comprising a
parts |3I and |32, only ‘that portion underlying
generally ñat plate having an upwardly project- .
part |32 being frosted, the remainder being clear.
ing edge 4| at the customer’s side of the scale.
Anvouter flanged member |3l formed integrally
The details of the detachable support for the
with member |33 is formed with an overhanging
platter, and the construction of the lever and its
lip |38 spaced above the outer surface of the plate
associated weighing and chart actuating mech
|35, leaving a narrow elongated slot therein.
anism, are described in full in said parent Patent
Within
this Slot there is Slidable the right angu
No. 2,287,814 and this description is not repeated „
larly bent retaining frame |40, to the underside
here.
of which are Welded longitudinally extending flat
The charts carry weight indications adapted
to be read by the clerk and by the customer, and
also carry a series of computed values adapted
to be read only by the clerk. For this purpose
a reading plate I I0 is fastened to the frame mem
bers |4 and is provided with an opening |||
therein for coopera-tion with a series of unit pl‘íCe
indications ||2 to facilitate the reading of the f
computed values at the unit prices. A reading
line ||3 is carried in such position as to be visible
through the sight opening ||| in relation to the
unit price and the computed value thereof. Mom
ber ||0 is formed as a continuous uninterrupted
plate overlying both halves of the chart, yoke 50
as shown in Fig. 3 passing downwardly beneath
plate ||0.
spring members |4| which act to yieldingly re
tain the frame in proper position while providing
for sliding of the frame longitudinally of the slot,
to position and remove the same therefrom. Suit
able sealing material |42 forms a sealed connec
tion between the body of the casing and the sign
assembly. A glass plate |43 is carried by the
frame |40.
‘
In the use of the scale, the frame |40 is with
drawn and any desired lettering applied to the
glass plate |43 carried thereby. The frame is then
replaced in the holder and thus forms a readily
changeable sign which may indicate the special
for that particular day. Each time the scale is
used, illumination of this sign as well as of the
adjacent weight reading is effected, and the sign
A magnifying lens |20 is positioned in line with
thus stands out clearly, arresting the attention
the reading line ||3 and adapted to be used by
the clerk in reading the scale and the computed 75 of the customer. A single glass plate |43 is shown
2,408,942
5
'which is adapted to directly receive the lettering
in removable paint; if desired however this may
take the form of a pair of relatively thin trans
parent plates between which is received a paper
or like strip containing the lettering desired. In
such latter case these paper strips may be printed
for> different products and in different colors,
forming a highly attractive advertising device
for use in connection with the scale.
Fig. 9 shows a modified construction for seal
6
the frame and having means for effectively seai
ing the interior of the scale against access of dust
and foreign matter thereto, the casing being pro
vided vvith a longitudinally extending opening at
one side thereof, the combination of a light trans
mitting member overlying said opening in the
casing, part of said member being translucent and
part thereof being transparent to provide for
viewing a scale on said drum chart, means for
10 sealing said light transmitting member in fixed
position in said casing opening, means on the
ing the interior of the scale against the access
inside of said casing for illuminating the chart
of foreign matter. In this construction the frame
beneath the entire area of said light transmitting
is shown at |50, a casing at |5| and a platter
member, a display member, and means on the
supporting member at |52 having a main body
outside of said casing for removably receiving said
portion and a lower circular rib |53 of slightly
display member in position overlying the trans
greater diameter than the body portion. The
lucent part of said light transmitting member
frame |511 has a series of enlarged apertures |54
while maintaining the entire interior of said scale
therethrough through which extend studs |55 ad
eifectively sealed.
justably clamped in place thereon by lock nuts
3. In a scale of the character described hav
|55. The stud is internally threaded to receive 20
ing a frame in which there is rotatably supported
fastening screw |51 which holds an annular flange
a drum chart and with an outer casing overlying
|58 in place through spring washers |59. The
the frame and having means for effectively seal
flange is formed with an upwardly offset portion
ing the interior of the scale against access of
|60 adapted to overlie rib |53 so that in the no
dust and foreign matter thereto, the casing being
load position of the platform, rib |53 Will estab
provided with a longitudinally extending opening
lish close sealing engagement with po-rtion |50,
approaching closely though preferably not actu
at one side thereof, the combination of a light
-transmitting member overlying said opening in
ally contacting therewith. Should the platter
the easing, means for sealing said light transmit
support rise above its no load position, causing
rib |53 to strike portion |60, the resilient spring 30 ting member in ñxed position in said casing open
ing, means for illuminating the chart beneath
members |59 yield to avoid any deleterious shock
the entire area of said light transmitting mem
to the scale mechanism. In the weighing posi
ber, a display member including a slide frame and
tions, the scale is effectively sealed, with proper
a glass plate adapted to receive display material
clearance being provided for movement. The
construction described provides for accurately po 35 thereon, and means on the outside of said casing
for removably receiving said display member inv
sitioning the flanged member in proper operat
position overlying said light transmitting mem
ing position both laterally and vertically. Felt
ber while maintaining the interior of said casing
washer means |5| provides for sealing the outer
effectively sealed when said display member is
casing and the frame member to each otherl
`
While the form of apparatus herein described 40 removed.
4. In a scale of the character described hav
constitutes the preferred embodiment of the in
ing a frame in which there is rotatably sup
vention, it is to be understood that the invention
ported a drum chart and with an outer casingy
is not limited to this precise form of apparatus,
overlying the frame and having means for effec
and that changes may be made therein without
departing from the scope of the invention which 45 tively sealing the interior of the scale against
access of dust and foreign matter thereto, the
is defined in the appended claims.
casing being provided with a longitudinally ex
What is claimed is:
tending opening at one side thereof, the combina
l. In a scale of the character described having
tion oi a light transmitting member overlying
a frame in which there is rotatably supported a
said opening in the casing, means for sealing
drum chart and with an outer casing overlying
said light transmitting member in fixed position
said frame and said chart and having means for
in said casing opening, means for illuminating
effectively sealing the interior` of the scale against
the chart beneath said light transmitting mem
access oi~ dust and foreign matter thereto, the
ber, a display member including a frame and a
casing being provided with a longitudinally ex
tending opening at one side thereof, the combi 55 plate carried thereby adapted to receive display
material, resilient means on said display frame,
nation of a light transmitting member overlying
guide means on the outside of said casing for re
said opening in the casing, part of said member
being translucent and part thereof being trans
movably receiving said display frame in position
overlying said opening while maintaining the
parent to provide for viewing a scale on said drum
chart, means for mounting said light transmit 60 interior of said casing effectively sealed when
said display member is removed, said resilient
ting member in iiXed position in said casing open
means providing for retaining the frame in as
ing. means for sealing said member in position on
sembled position against movement While pro
said casing opening preventing passage of air
viding for ready withdrawal thereof.
and dust therethrough, means for illuminating
5. In a, scale of the character described hav
the surface beneath said light transmitting mem
ing a frame in which there is rotatably supported
ber, a display member, and means on the outside
a drum chart and with an outer casing overlying
of said casing for removably receiving said dis
the frame and having means for effectively seal->
play member in position overlying said opening
ing the interior of the scale against access of
and said translucent part of the light transmit
ting member while maintaining the entire interior 70 dust and foreign matter thereto, the casing being
provided with a longitudinally extending opening
of said scale effectively sealed when said display
at one side thereof, the combination of a light
member is removed.
transmitting member overlying said opening in
2, In a scale of the character described having
the casing, means for sealing said light trans
a frame in which there is rotatably supported a
drum chart and with an outer casing overlying 75 mitting member in fixed position in said casing
2,408,942
7
opening, means for lluminating the chart be
neath said light transmitting member, a display
member including a retaining frame, a plate for
receiving display material carried by said frame,
guide means on the exterior of said casing and
adjacent said opening for slidably receiving said
frame to position said display member in over
lying relation with respect to said opening while
maintaining the interior of said casing eiîectively
sealed when said display member is removed, and l0
flexible means effective between said frame and
said guide for yieldablxr retaining said frame in
assembled position.
8
lying said opening in the casing, means for seal
ing said light transmitting member in fixed posi
tion in said casing opening, means for illuminat
ing the chart beneath the entire area of said
light transmitting member, a display member in
cluding a retaining frame, a, plate for receiving
display material carried by said frame, guide
means on the exterior of said casing and ad
jacent said opening for slidably receiving said
frame to position said display member in over
lying relation with respect to said opening while
maintaining the interior of said casing effectively
sealed when said display member is removed, and
6. In a scale of the character described hav
resilient means in the form of elongated ftat
ing a frame in which there is rotatably sup 15 spring members carried by the inner side of said
ported a drum chart and with an outer casing
frame and adapted to bear against the outer sur
overlying the frame and> having means for ef
face of said light transmitting member for yield
fectively sealing the interior of the scale against
ably retaining said frame in position within said
guides while providing for ready Withdrawal
access of dust and foreign matter thereto, the
casing being provided with a longitudinally ex 20 thereof.
tending opening at one side thereof, the com- -
bination of a light transmitting member over
DAVID A. MEEKER.
KENNETH C. ALLEN.
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