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Патент USA US2409141

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Oct. 8, 1946.
S. C. MACK
2,409,138 _
HOSIERY_
Filed my 9, 1.942
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0st 8,, 1946.
2,409,138
S. C. MACK
HOS IERY
Filed July Q, 1942
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HOSIERY
2,409,138
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Filed July 9, 1942
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INVENTOR
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patented Oct. 8, 1946
2,409,138
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,409,138
HOSIERY
Sterling C. Mack, Bangor, Pa., assignor to Julius
Kayser & 00., Brooklyn, N. Y.
Applicaticn July 9, 1942, Serial No. 450,330
18 Claims.
1
The present invention generally relates to
hosiery and, more speci?cally, pertains to full
(Cl. 66—187)
2
feeding the several yarns in the knitting of cer
tain parts of the stocking blank;
.
fashioned hosiery knitted in one operation on a
Figure 4 is a diagrammatic representation of
single machine in accordance with the method
set forth in my Letters Patent No. 2,298,302, is
the widened fabric constructed according to one
form of the invention;
Figure 5 is a diagrammatic representation of
the widened fabric construction according to
sued October 13, 1942, on copending application
Serial Number 410,705, ?led September 13, 1941,
of which the present application is a continua
, another form of the invention.
tion in part.
Referring more particularly to the drawings
The invention particularly aims to provide a 10 wherein like characters of reference will desig
knitted single unit hosiery fabric construction
nate corresponding parts throughout in several
wherein the heel portions are shaped through
views, there is shown in Figure l a full-fashioned
widening by the addition of loops onto the ends
knitted stocking I constructed in accordance
of the heel courses, and has for one of its main
with the invention. The stocking comprises the
objects the provision of widened heel portions 15 welt portion 2, the leg portion 3, and the foot
in hosiery fabric of the “ringless” construction
whereby the separate yarns utilized in succesé
portion 4. The stocking also‘ preferably has the
usual reinforced high heel 5, heel proper 6, in
sive sequence for the knitting of said portions
in such fabric become tied in the selvage edges
step ?, sole 8, and toe 9, the toe being of the well
known French type which, as generally known, is
20 obtained by narrowing the fabric to form diamond
thereof, thus constituting strong and tight sel
vages without any detrimental “?oats” running
points [0.
.
'
along said selvages between the series of courses.
As diagrammatically shown in Figure 2, the
Another important object of the invention re
stocking is made from a ?at knitted blank, the
sides in the provision of hosiery fabric of the
selvage edges ll of which are sewed to form the
kind speci?ed wherein the formation to tight, 25 ordinary back seam l2 (Figure 1) extending from
strong, and non-ravelling selvage edges of the
the top of the welt to the tip of the toe where
widened heel area are assured, whether the wid
the loose course l3 (Figure 2) of the toe which
ening of the heel courses takes place in each
is looped in the usual manner, as indicated at 14
course or in spaced courses throughout said area.
in Figure 1, after the ravelling course portion
A particularly important feature of the inven
l5 (Figure 2) is removed.
tion results from an improved widened selvage
The stocking fabric is of the well known “ring
construction which not only ties in the various
less” construction, that is, the fabric, as diagram
yarns utilized in the knitting of the widened
matically shown in Figure 3, is knitted prefer
heel area to form a tight and strong selvage and
ably from three separate and distinct body
obviate detrimental “?oats,” but which is also
yarns, YI, Y2, and Y3 respectively laid in re
capable of effectively locking the selvage loops
peated alternating sequence/s0 that the same
formed from said yarns to prevent ravelling of
body yarn never reoccurs in any two‘ consecutive
such loops.
courses.
‘
Qther important objects and advantages of
The sections of the foot portion of the blank
the invention will be in part obvious and in part 40 adjoining both selvage edges I l are reinforced to
pointed out hereinafter.
constitute the reinforced high heel 5, heel proper
In order that the invention and its mode of
5, and sole 8 by means of reinforcing yarnsRl '
operation may be more readily understood by
and R2 respectively fed to the corresponding
those skilled in the art, I have, in the accompanying
parts of the courses'within the areas to be re
drawings and in the detailed description based 45 inforced, as is represented diagrammatically in
thereupon, set out possible embodiments of the
Figure 3. For convenience and clarity in show
invention.
ing the invention, the reinforcingyarns RI and
In these drawings:
B2 are shown unshaded, whereas the body yarn
Figure 1 is a face elevation of a lady's full
Yl is shaded solid black, the body yarn Y2 is
fashioned stocking constructed in accordance 50 stipplcd, and the body yarn Y3 is lined
with the invention;
'
Figure 2 is an elevation of a portion of the ?at
It will clearly be understood from Figure 2
that the stocking blank is of the single unit type,
knitted stocking blank diagrammatically illus
that is, the foot portion 4 is knitted as a direct
trating the formation thereof;
continuation of the leg portion 3 on one ma
Figure 3 is a diagram illustrating the mode of 55 chine, the sections of the heel proper 6v being
2,409,138
3
4
and revel-proof selvage. Likewise at the oppo
site selvage edge, the remaining body yarn Y3
passes through and is engaged by the selvago
loop 22 so that this selvage edge also is tight and
revel-proof.
shaped through widening and narrowing, as
shown at is and I1 respectively. In accordance
with the present invention, the widening is ac
complished by the addition of loops onto courses,
such widening taking place in each course, or
in spaced courses of said series within the widen
In the immediately following course III which
is formed with the body yarn Y3, said body yarn
ing area.
Y3, together, with the reinforcing yarn RI and the
In Figured, the invention is shown as‘ applied
body yarn‘ Y2 which forms the preceding course
to the widening of‘ each of the successive courses"
within the widening area, whereas in Figure 5 ill II, are extended beyond the mentioned selvage
loop 22. The body yarn Y3 and reinforcing yarn
the invention is shown as applied to the widening
RI thus form two additional needle loops 23 and
of spaced courses within such area.
In both Figures 4 and 5, there are represented " '25‘ and an intermediate additional sinker loop
2.5,‘thebody yarn Y3_ passing through and being
several successive courses taken in the vicinity.
engaged by the sinker loop 25 and body yarn Y2
of the stocking heel to include a portion-,H or"
and the reinforcing yarn R! passing through
the sections of the reinforced high heel. Eand a
and'being engaged by both the sinker loop 25
portion W of the sections of the reinforced‘
and-‘the immediately adjacent inner sinker loop
widened heel 5. In accordance with the usual.
26 to constitute a tight selvage and lock the same
practice one reinforcing yarn BI is used in con
junction with thethree body. yarns Yl, Y2, and
Y3 in forming thedesired- number of reinforced
20
loops to constitute-‘thereinforced heel area A
at one side of the stocking fabric, and the other
reinforcing yarn R2 is used in» conjunction with
the three body; yarns Yl, Y2, and Y3 in forming
the desired; number of reinforced loops to con
against ravelling.
Additionalneedle-andsinker loops such as those
above described are formed withea-ch of the body
yarnsYi, Y2, and Y3 and the associated reinforc
ing yarns HIV and R2v in the respective successive
courses throughout the widened portion of the
heel, 6, that. is, up to approximately the point
b-h (Figure 2).
stitute the reinforced heel area B4 at the other
In the construction ‘wherein widening- occurs
in spaced courses of the widened heel area (Fig
ure~5), at the point a-a- the coursesIa and 1111
side of the stockingfabric, said three body yarns
Yl, Y2, and Y3 being used alone,v that is, with—
out. either rein-forcing yarn- R! or‘RZ, to form the
desired number of non-reinforced loops inter~
mediatethe reinforcedloopswithin the heel area
A and the reinforced loops within the heel area B
to constitute the sheer-instep area 0.
It will be understood that: the-desired number
of reinforced loops within the‘ reinforced heel
areas A and B ‘maybe obtained'by predetermined
adjustment of any. suitahle'widening attachment‘,
have the same formation as.‘ courses I. and‘II of
Figurev 4, thatis, the body yarn, for instance the’
body yarn Y! whichformsicourse, Ia, the reinforce
ing' yarn R2; Which reinforces certain loops
of said course Ia, and the~bodyvyarn Y2 which
forms the next’ succeeding. course 110,, are ex
tendedbeyond the selvage'loop l?al so that in
said course IIa the body yarn Y2- and reinforcing
yarn R2 form two- additional needle loops i911,
preferably; such as that shown and;described in
my cooendlng application Serial Number 401 112. 40 and 26a and one intermediate sinker loop Zia
at the-right handside'selvage edge looking at
?led July'E, 1941, and of the well known “Pointex”
Figure 5; the portions ofthebody yarns Y! and Y2
attachment usually provided on full-fashioned
and the reinforcing yarn R2 ?oating beyond the
knittingma-chines, the widening attachment con
trolling the feedingofthe body and reinforcing
yarns at the-v outer selvage edges of the, reinforced
areas‘Aand- B of thefa-bric, and the “Pointex”
attachment: controllingthe; feeding of the rein
forcing yarns at the inner se‘lvage; edgesof said
areas.
'
In constructing the stocking I_ (Figure l) in
accordance with this invention, the welt 2 and‘ leg
E’are knitted in the usual well known manner.
down to and including the reinforced sections of
thehigh heel 5, that is,.the hosiery blank (Fig
ure 2) is. knitted in accordance with the ordinary
practice: in the art to approximately’ the‘ point;
a-a.
At saidpoint a-a, if the constructionof the
hosiery fabric; is such that widening occurs in. each ,
course of the widened'areaW (Figure 4), then
the, body yarn, for instance, the» body yarn Yl
which forms course I; the reinforcing yarn R2
which reinforces certain loops of said‘ course I,
and the body yarn Y2 which forms the ,next_suc-,
ceedingcourse II are extended beyond the selvage.‘
selv-age loop‘elSa passing through-and being en
*' gaged: by the additional-sinker loop 2 la of course
11a and, accordingly, providinga tight and ravel'»
proof. selva-ge;
Also attheopposite selvage edge, theremaining
bod-y, yarn ‘13-. passes throng/hand is engaged by
theselvage-loopZQaso that; the selvage‘edge is
tightand revel-proof.v However, as will»clearly
appearifrom Figure 5, in the immediately follow
ing-course IIIa there ‘isprovided but a single addi
tional-needle loop 2'1’ constituted by one body yarn.
C. CH only; that is; the-body ‘yarn Y3 :withoutthe rein
forcing; yarn. The: sinker loop 28 contisuousito
the needle loop 2'! is likewise constitutedby ‘the
body yarn Y3; alone, the reinforclng'yarn RI
starting in the: course IIIa. with. the: formation
of the adjoining needle loop 29;
loop. l8. so that in said course II the body yarn Y2
and reinforcing yarn R2 form two additional
needle loops I-Q‘and ‘2B and one intermediate addi
tional sinkeryloop 2| at the-right handiside selvage'
It’ is-particularlypointed out‘ that the yarn Y2
which forms'the'course IIa passes throughxthe
non-reinforced sinker loop.v 28;, and. thus becomes
tied/thereby, The end; needle loop; 38 at the
right‘ hand side salvage of the course. IIIo, is
drawn through the needle loop 19a of theprece'i-»
ing course Ho and the end needle, loop 31:; at said
right hand selvage, ofthe nextsucceeding :course
1b is drawn through said- needle-loop 30 so: that
70 there is no widening of courses IIIa and'Ib beyond
edgelockingat Figure 4.
the 11001) I911 of .courseIIa.
It'will be noted that the portions of the body
yarns Y1 and Y2‘ and of the reinforcing yarn R2.
which ?oat beyond the selvage loops l8 of course.v
I pass through and aregengagedby the additional
sinker loops 2! of course II thus providing a tight 75
. At the left hand" side: selvage' of course 1b,
the body yarn YI; and‘, the; reinforcing yarn R1,
together- with thebody yarn Y2, are extended
beyond the selvage loop 3| so that said body yarn
2,409,138
5
Y2 and reinforcing yarn RI form two additional
needle loops 32 and 33 and an intermediate addi
tional sinker loop 34. It will be noted that the
thereonto, the portions of the several yarns iii
corporated in the courses of one series and ?oat
ing from the selvage thereof, passing through
body yarn Y2 incorporated in the courses I10. and
such a sinker loop added onto coursesof subse
11b and passed through the non-reinforced sinker
loop 28 also passes through the selvage loop 34
quent series.
4. Hosiery having a ?at knitted widened heel
portion comprising series of courses, the courses
in each series being knitted from separate but
added to course IIb whereas the body yarn Y! and
reinforcing yarn RI extended beyond the selvage
loop 3| of course Ib pass through said added sinker
loop 34 and also through the immediately adjoin
ing sinker loop 35 of said course 111).
As represented in Figure 5, the formation and
construction of the loops 21, 28, and 29 at the left
identi?cal yarns, certain of said courses having
a pair of needle loops and an intermediate sinker
loop added thereonto, the portions of the several
yarns incorporated in the courses of one series
and ?oating from the selvage thereof passing
hand side selvage edge of course IIIa are dupli
cated at the right hand side selvage edge of course
through such a sinker loop added onto courses
IIIb, whereas the formation and disposition of
loops 35] and 3! of the right hand side selvage
5,. Hosiery having a flat knitted widened heel
portion comprising series of courses, the courses
of subsequent series.
-
- in each series being knitted from separate but
of courses 111a and Ib are duplicated at the left
identical body yarns, certain loops in each of said
hand side selvage of courses 111D and I0.‘
The addition of loops and duplication of the 20 courses having reinforcing yarns incorporated
therein, certain of said courses having reinforced
loop formation construction and disposition as
loops added thereonto, the portions of the sev
above described are carried out throughout the
eral body yarns and reinforcing yarns incor
widened heel area, that is, up to approximately
porated in the courses of one series and ?oating
the point b—b (Figure 2).
As illustrated in said Figure 2, following the 25 from the selvage thereof passing through certain
reinforced loops added onto courses of subsequent
completion of the widened heel area (point a—-a
series.
to point b—b), several straight courses, that is,
6. Flat knitted ringless fabrici produced from
courses of equal length, are knitted to supply the
plural yarns used in succession and in a de?nite
necessary amount of fabric (point 12-12 to point
c--c) for the desired dimension of the heel, after 30 repeating sequence in the knitting, and having
which the courses (point c--c to point d—-cl) are
courses widened by one or more added end loops,
narrowed, as indicated by the marks 36, accord
in each of which widened courses a selvage loop
comprises one of said plural yarns and is locked
by passage of said one of the plural yarns and
ing to the well known established procedure for
imparting to the heel its proper shape.
From
formation of courses in the ordinary manner to
another of said plural yarns through the sinker
Wale loop adjacent said selvage loop in such
constitute the sections of the sole 8 and toe 9 and,
widened course.
?nally, the ravelling portion l5.
7. In a Weft knit fabric comprising series of
courses of di?erent widths, the courses of each
series being knit from separate yarns, and per
the point d—d, the blank is completed by the
Whereas in Figure 5 and in the description
based thereon, the widening is disclosed by way
of example as taking place at the end of every
tions of a plurality of yarns forming a narrower
series looking a selvage of a course of a wider
third course, it is to be understood that the spac
series.
ing of the widened courses may vary without de
3. A weft knit fabric including a plurality of
parting from the gist of the invention. Also it is
to be understood that the embodiment of the in 45 courses of loops knit from the same yarn and
vention as herein shown and described is capable
one of which courses is wider than the other, in
termediate courses of loops spacing and connect
of certain modi?cations. Therefore, any mod
i?cations coming within the scope of the sub
ing said ?rst named courses of loops, one of said
intermediate courses of loops having a sinker
joined claims are to be considered within the
50 Wale loop adjacent to a selvage loop, and said
spirit of the invention.
What I claim is:
spaced courses ?rst named being connected by
1. A flat knitted fabric comprising series of
courses, the courses in each series being knitted
from separate but identical yarns, certain of said
courses having a pair of needle loops and an in
termediate sinker loop added thereonto, the por
tions of the several yarns incorporated in the
a ?oat locking said sinker Wale loop.
9. A weft knit fabric comprising a plurality of
courses of loops knit from the same yarn, one of
which courses is wider than the other, inter
mediate courses of loops spacing and connecting
said ?rst named courses of loops, said yarn hav
ing a section looking a selvage of said interme
thereof passing through such a sinker loop added
diate courses.
onto courses of subsequent series.
60
10. A weft knit fabric comprising courses of
courses of one series and floating from the selvage
2. A ?at knitted fabric consisting entirely of
loops knit from plural yarns in succession in a
series of courses, the courses in each series being
definite repeating sequence, one of said courses
knitted from separate but identical yarns, certain
courses of certain series having a pair of needle
loops and an intermediate sinker loop added
thereonto, the portions of the several yarns in
having a selvage loop and an adjacent sinker loop
corporated in the courses of one series and ?oat
extending laterally beyond an adjoining course,
and a plurality of yarns forming courses afore
said having portions ?oating through and locking
said sinker loop and one of said last named yarns
ing from the selvage edge thereof passing through
having a further portion forming said selvage
such a sinker loop added onto courses of subse
loop.
quent series.
3. A ?at knitted fabric consisting entirely of
series of courses, the courses in each series being
knitted from separate but identical yarns, the
courses of certain series having a pair of needle
11. A Weft knit fabric having courses of loops
and including a plurality of spaced courses of
loops formed from the same yarn, said yarn hav
ing a continuous ?oat portion between said last
named courses and passing through loops of a
loops and an intermediate sinker loop added 75 plurality of other courses of said fabric.
25409,].138
7
.12. A Weft‘ knit fabric having courses of loops
8
through an added sinker loop of a widened course
andincluding. a plurality of spaced selvedged
of a subsequent series to form a non-ravelling
courses of different widths formed from the same
yarn, a plurality‘of intermediate courses of loops
spacing and connecting said last named courses,
said yarn having a continuous ?oat portion pass
ing through a loop of each of said intermediate
courses,’ said last named loops being in wales ly
of three courses, each course in each series in
cluding a yarn separate from the yarns forming
ing outwardly beyond the adjacent selvage loop
of the narrower of said ?rst mentioned courses.
. 13. A'weft knit selvage fabric having a Wid
ened portion and comprising series of courses, the
courses in-e'ach series being knit from separate
selvage.
16. A ?at knit selvage fabric comprising series
the remaining courses of such series, one course
in each series having loops added thereto and
unlooped portions of several yarns incorporated
10 in courses ~of one series and ?oating through a
loop aforesaid‘ addedvonto a course of a subse
quent series.
17. A flat‘ knit fabric comprising a series of
courses, the courses‘ in each series being knit from
in courses of one series locking the salvage ‘of a 15 separate yarns, courses of saidseries having loops
added thereto and portions of several yarns in
course‘ of a subsequent series. 7
corporated in courses ‘of one‘ series and ?oating
14. A J?at knit selvage fabric comprising series
from the-selvage‘ thereof passing consecutively
of courses; the courses in each series being knit
through loops of a‘ plurality vof courses of a sub
from separate yarns, certain of said courses hav
.
ing loops added thereto and portions of several 20 sequent series.18. Weft knit hosiery ‘having a lock-selvaged
yarns‘incorporated in separate courses of one
yarn's',rand_ portions of‘ several yarns incorporated
series ?oating through an added loop of a course
reenforced. .sv'i'dened heel, portion comprising
courses of loops‘ formed of a plurality of yarns in
succession in a de?nitev repeating sequence, each
of courses, the courses in each series being knit 25 yarn aforesaid having a float portion locked in a
loop inward from a selvage loop of a course lying
from separate yarns, certain of said courses be
between ‘courses formed‘ by such yarn.
ing widened by needle and sinker loops added
of a subsequent series and locking the selvage,
- vl5. A ?at knitselvage fabric comprising series
thereto; and portions of» several yarns incorpo
rated in separate courses of one series passing
STERLING C. MACK.
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