15, 19460 J. H. - SHAMPOO QWER CABINET COMBINATION Filed‘ July 26, 1943 ~ ’ ZAWJM ' Patented Oct. 15, 1946 2,409,187 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE- -. 2,409,187 SHAM1’00 CABINET COMBINATION John Henry Bower, Burlingame, Calif. Application July 26, 1943, Serial No. 496,226 2 Claims. 1 This invention relates to the Patent O?ice class of “Supports, cabinet structures,” and especially to the sub-classes “Room corner type,” “Knock down type” and “With compartments, with, drains”; and inasmuch as it is intended primarly for use of shampoo operators, I choose to give it (01. 4—159) 2 . . erly connected with pipes for supplying and dis charging water or other ?uid. H the title, shampoo cabinet combination; though it is useful for purposes other than shampoo . . Other objects and important features are pointed out or implied in the following details of description, in connection with the accompanye ing drawing in which: Fig. 1 is a top-plan view showing one of my improved shampoo-supporting units‘?tted in a mg. corner or niche between two closets or wardrobes, One object of this invention is to provide an 10 and an upright tubular support and outlet for improved form of shampoo-supporting unit that water-pipes disposed in an opposite niche at-rear includes a lavatory and is adapted to fit snugly of the two closets. , in a rectangular corner of a room or in angu Fig. 2 is a top plan view of one of the shampoo lar niches between closets of the main combina supporting units ?tted against one of the stor tion; and that also includes wall-separated 15 age closets or wardrobes, the upwardly inclined shelves for respectively holding various materials arrows indicating the proper direction .of move and utensils in positions for convenient access ment to. properly ?t this sub-combination onto and ready use of shampoo operators on the heads that shown in Fig. 1 so as to provide a two-basin of customers whose necks are seated in for three-closet assemblage serviced by a single tubu wardly projecting seats therefor; also to provide 20 lar support for water-pipes, and adapted to be such supporting unit with walls having inwardly seated against a plane wall, as if the spacebee curved upper edges for preventing water or other tween these adjoined assemblages andFigs- 3 liquid from slopping over these walls from the and 4 represents or contains such wall. .Fig..3.is.a basin in which the patients’ or customers’ heads View of the same elements shown in Fig. 2, but are being shampooed or otherwise treated. these elements transposed to opposite sides,- a Another object is to provide, in combination portion of the closet being broken off to gain, with a shampoo-supporting unit or units such as necessary clear space, the upwardly inclined ar brie?y described, conveniently accessible closets rows showing the direction of movement neces for supporting and storing various materials and sary to properly position this sub-assemblage utensils for various uses or kinds of treatment of 30 against that of Fig. 1 in the operation of forming hair and scalp, according to the various condi the complete radial or circular assemblage where tions and requirements; also for storage of oper in the vertical water-supply pipe is thecentral ating garments, etc., of the respective operators in an establishment wherein my combined de vices are grouped around a central water-sup ply and water-disposal means such as will pres element or axis. > - ' Fig. 4 is a top plan view of one of the shampoo 35 units for supporting water, other shampoo ma terials, implements for use in shampooing, etc., ently be described. and the head and neck of aperson who is be Another object of this invention is to provide ing operated on, the arrow showing the direc a radial assemblage (one wherein the water-pipe tion of movement nececssary to ?t the unit into support is the central or radiating point) in 40 the angular niche between adjacent closets in Figs. 2 and 3. j ' which the water-pipes serve, in addition to their primary functions, as means to secure or assist Fig. 5 is a vertical sectional View taken along in securing the shampoo-supporting units, or the line 5—5 of Fig. 1, parts being broken out to supports for water, other materials and'imple conserve space, and additional elements being ments, in their respective positions, and thereby 45 cooperating to prevent lateral movements of the several closets from their normal positions, viz., positions in which they have their median planes disposed along radii from the central point in the water-pipe-support. shown at upper-left. . ‘ ' Fig. 6 is a front elevation of the unit shown in Fig. 4 and of a supporting unit or base there‘; under, which supporting unit constitutes a 'stor age cabinet or closet whose upper end is horizon 50 tally substantially coextensive with the ‘lower A further object is to provide, in an assemblage end of the unit supported thereby. Y as just above described, at least three sub-com binations which are easily disconnected and sep Fig. 8 is a top plan view of a modi?ed form of tubular support, and a modi?ed arrangement arated and which are individually useful when of _water-supply pipes therein and extending ?tted in different corners of a room and prop 55 therefrom. \ » r ' > . 2,409,187 3 one of such units is normally mounted on a sup porting base like or similar to the one shown at to Fig. 4, it is seen that this is an integral unit which may be of any appropriate material or com I4 in Figs. 5 and 6, preferably a storage closet for storing and supporting materials and implements in convenient nearby location for ready access by a shampoo-operator when preparing to begin bination of materials, ~ for instance, enameled cast-iron,- ceramic material or plastic material molded or otherwise formed. Its component and combined elements are two relatively high rear walls III that are formed with outwardly turned ?anges Illa that are merged in a wide rectangular horizontal cover Iilb over a space that receives a part of the drain or over?ow pipe and may receive a greater part of the water-supply pipe than is shown in Fig. 5; this cover being substantially rectangular; in other words, the wall It and this cover being combined to form a substantially 4 ing the time that would be required to mop or wipe up such slop. Each one of the four shampoo-supporting units that includes the basin, answers to the descrip tion given in the preceding paragraph, and each Fig. '7 is a vertical sectional view taken along the line 1-1 of Fig. 2, showing more clearly the inwardly curved upper edges of the relatively low walls that connect the neck-rest to the high rear wall. Referring to these drawings in detail, and ?rst, shampooing or treating any customer's or pa tient’s head. In Figs. 2 and 3, a wardrobe or closet I5 is added to the combination, one of its lateral sides being adjoined to one of the rear wall-sections and be ing substantially vertically and horizontally co extensive with the adjoining rear wall-section and its base I4, so its top is substantially level with 20 the top of the rear wall-section and is convenient rectangular part that is adapted to be closely ?t ted into a corner of an ordinary room or into an angular niche such as described in the foregoing. A basin II has its deeper and major portion portion disposed between the rearwardly converg- * ing right and left portions of the wall It], while an upwardly and forwardly inclined bottom-portion I la of this basin is forwardly converging and ter minates in a neck-support I Ib which is upwardly concaved and adapted to receive large necks or to receive suitable padding (not shown) to prevent leakage past small necks of persons whose respec tive heads are partly over the deep part of the basin and partly resting on the inclined part I Ia; and it should be noted that this relatively narrow as a support for various ornamental or useful articles which enhance the aesthetic and utili tarian values of this group, of shampoo devices; but the main purpose of each wardrobe I5 is to support and protect garments and other valuables of the individual shampoo operators. while dispos ing such ‘garments, etc.,'in very convenient'posi tion for ready access of the respective shampoo operators immediately before or after each sham‘ pooing operation, or even during such operation. Each of these wardrobes is preferably a locker, though no lock is here shown. These wardrobes also‘ serve to cooperate in keeping the shampoo elements or units and closets I4 in their normal positions with respect to the support and outlet for water-supply and water-disposal pipes, as will front end of the basin projects considerably in presently become apparent. front of all other elements of the shampoo-unit, In Fig. 1, there is added a second wardrobe or thereby disposing the head of the customer or locker I5, one on each right and left side of the patient near the shampoo operator who stands shampoo unit, two of their rear corners substan 40 to right or left of the forwardly protruding por tially meeting at the rear corner of the cover tion. Two level shelves I2 are at opposite sides Ilib, while their rear sides diverge to form a niche of the basin and united with the upper parts or in which the upright tubular support I6 extends. side-walls of the basin. Two relatively low front Because of the substantially right-angular shape walls I3 have their rear ends united with the of this group, it is adapted to be seated in a cor relatively high rear wall I0 and converge for ner of a room where the Water-pipes are very wardly to the neck-rest I Ib where they terminate near two meeting walls of the room, and there in unity with the neck-rest, their main interme constitutes a‘ complete combination for use by an diate parts extending across the respective shelves operator and assistant-operator; or if the Water I2 in continuous unity with these shelves, and pipes are several feet from the corner, and where 50 dividing them into separate supporting elements the business justi?es more than two operators IZa and» IZb, which latter are formed with retain and/or assistant-operators, the devices of either ing ridges I20, so that such articles as soap, comb, Fig. 201' Fig. 3 may be added to those of Fig. 1, brush, sponge etc. will notslip therefrom, and the as previously explained; or by adjoining all the drainage and/‘or drippings from sponges, hands of devices in Figs. 1, 2, 3 and 4, (as explained in 01 OK of the operator etc., will not run therefrom, and connection with the arrows) provision is made for can be sponged back into the basin or into any more operators and taking care of more shampoo receptacle provided for refuse. Bottles and other customers. Therefore, with these several combi containers of shampooing ?uid etc. can be seated nations of shampoo accessories and conveniences, in the corners at the junctions of the walls IE! and it can be both practical and pro?table for start~ l 3, there being supported not only in a convenient 60 ing with the combination of the unit and sup reach of the operator, but also protected by the porting base of Figs. 4 and 6 in one of the four angularly adj oined walls against being knocked off or overturned. A very important feature, to pre vent water from slopping over the walls I3 is the ‘ provision of inwardly curved wall-top-flanges I 3a, best shown in Figs. 5 and '7, but indicated by dot ted lines in each of the other ?gures except Fig. 8. If water rises to an excessive height and covers the shelves I2a while a patient’s or customer’s hair or head is being moved so water tends to slop over the walls I3, the curved-inward ?anges Isa de?ect the waves or ripples of water from an out ward to an inward course, thus eliminating slop corners of a comparatively small room; adding similar units respectively to other corners of the room as business increases; displacing such simple combinations (as Fig. 4) with more nearly com plete ones such as in Figs. 2, 3 or 1; and ?nally, in the same small room, in the center thereof, assemble and combine all the devices shown in Figs. 1, 2, 3 and 4; thereby providing for eight shampoo operations simultaneously, in one com paratively small room. In certain warm or mild climates. and under certain conditions where warm water is supplied on the ?oor where the operator stands, and sav- ' 75 from a certain source and at proper temperature, 2,409,187 5 6 a single upright water-supply pipe I‘! with a branch-pipe or section it will be sufficient when provided with a suitable faucet i9 (Fig. 5), and such faucet cooperates with the water-supply pipe-sections for holding the shampoo unit bilized and mutually contribute to stabilizing all against the wardrobes when assembled in the ra dial arrangement wherein the center of the pipe section ll is the axis; so, it will be seen that these other features of the entire assemblage so as to. provide a unified shampoo cabinet combination. Of course, any appropriate means (not shown) can be employed for regulating the ?ow of water into the bowl; and to prevent over?ow over the top thereof, a pipe 33 extends up a suitable dis tance into the bowl, is secured to the latter prop erly to prevent leakage therearound, and extends water-pipe sections cooperate with all the other elements of the assembly in securing them in their 10 thence down into the tubular support for dis charging the overflow therethrough. It is also normal relation to one another. However where intended that the drain~outlet 2'? of each basin the simplest form of the invention is employed shall lead out from the closet l4 and into the and the features or elements it to 19 are elim upright tubular support; and it is within the inated, a pipe section can be disposed mainly un der the cover I?b, having its upper-end bent lat erally (horizontally) and extended thru the open duit up through said tubular support and through ing 20 so a faucet can be secured thereon. said bowl 22, similar to the pipe 33, for carrying scope of this invention to extend an electric con Where it is desirable to supply both cold and electric conductors and supporting one or more hot water (or precisely tempered water) through electric lamps in or over said bowl for illuminat the same faucet-nozzle, for each of the four ing the fountain and/or other esthetic enhance shampoo-units a supply-pipe-arrangement such merits. Though I have speci?cally described these sev as shown in Fig, 8 may be employed in connection with any suitable form or type of mixing faucet eral embodiments of my invention, I have no in tention to limit my patent protection to these (not shown) ; and for purpose of explanation, Ha corresponds to the pipe I‘! only in respect to its 25 precise details of description and illustration, for the invention is susceptible of numerous changes central or axial position and as supplying water within the scope of the inventive ideas as implied only to a fountain-head 2! and bowl 22, as in Fig. 5; while separate upright pipe-sections 23 and 26 and claimed. As one instance or example of such changes, I may be respectively connected to sources of hot and cold water respectively, so their distributing 30 may have the walls 53 sloping toward the rear, sections 25 and 25, being arranged in pairs that as indicated by broken (dot-dash) lines on the project in four horizontal directions through holes walls is in Figs. 5 and 6, so these walls are about or outlets in the tubular support i611, each pair an inch lower at their rear ends than at their consisting of a section 25 and a section 26 which front ends, for greater convenience and for a conduct hot water and cold water respectively; 35 more streamlined appearance. Moreover, it is and when this type of Water-supply-means is used, there must be two openings 20a at opposite sides of where the opening at is seen in Fig. 6', and a mixing faucet is then applied to the pair of pipe-sections that project through these two 40 openings, so the water can be mixed and tem pered in the usual way before it flows into the within the scope of this invention to construct the tubular support l6 and/or Ilia in primarily separate parts that can be conveniently and eas ily separated when necessary for gaining access to any of the elements therein for cleaning, re .pair or replacement of such elements. I claim the following as my invention: 1. In a compartmental shampoo-unit, the com adjacent basin. Each basin is provided with a normally closed bination of two supporting shelves, a high rear openable drain-opening or drain-pipe 2'! that 45 wall that comprises two complemental rearward extends down through an opening 28 in the top ly converging wall~sections whose lower portions of the storage closet l4 and secures the latter in are united respectively with said supporting a ?xed relation to the said shampoo-unit; and its shelves, a shampoo-basin between said shelves stopper 29 can be lifted when draining is desired. and having its top portions united with said Each basin is also provided with an overflow out 50 shelves while its front portion is forwardly ta let or pipe 3%) that projects from the upper-rear pering and upwardly inclined and terminates in part of the basin, through a hole in the‘vertical tubular support G6 or lBa and contributes to se curing the elements It and E6 or IE0. in ?xed re an upwardly concaved relatively narrow neck support at a considerable distance in front of said ?attened and ?ts in and is secured in a vertically posite sides of said concave relatively narrow lation to the respective shampoo units. The inner 55 shelves, and two relatively low rearwardly diverg ing walls having their front ends united with op end of each overflow pipe is preferably somewhat neck-support while their rear ends are united re disposed slot at 38 (Fig. 5), so the danger of this spectively with said rearwardly converging wall overflow becoming clogged or choked is mini 60 sections of the rear wall and while their interme mized. diate portions are across and united with the re Referring again to the bowl 22, it will be seen spective shelves and divide the latter into com that its bottom not only covers the tubular sup partments for separately holding and support port’s upper end. but also covers spaces 32 (Figs. ing various materials and implements in con 1 and 5) for excluding animals, insects and other objects from entering these spaces and the tubu 65 venient positions for ready use of a shampoo lar support; and in addition to this utilitarian operator when shampooing the head of a person function, the bowl may be of any artistic form whose neck is in said neck-support. and may contain water-plants or other esthetic 2. In the shampoo-unit de?ned by claim 1, said enhancement in addition to or in lieu of the foun relatively low walls having their upper edges in tain. Inasmuch as the top of the tubular sup 70 wardly curved toward said basin for inwardly port [6 ?ts in an annular recess in the bowl’s deflecting waves or ripples of liquid that tend to bottom, and the pipe I‘! is secured to said bottom, slop over said low walls from said basin. all these parts l6, ll, iii, are rigidi?ed and sta JOHN HENRY BOWER.