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15, 19460
J. H.
-
SHAMPOO
QWER
CABINET
COMBINATION
Filed‘ July 26, 1943
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’
ZAWJM
'
Patented Oct. 15, 1946
2,409,187
UNITED STATES PATENT
OFFICE- -.
2,409,187
SHAM1’00 CABINET COMBINATION
John Henry Bower, Burlingame, Calif.
Application July 26, 1943, Serial No. 496,226
2 Claims.
1
This invention relates to the Patent O?ice class
of “Supports, cabinet structures,” and especially
to the sub-classes “Room corner type,” “Knock
down type” and “With compartments, with,
drains”; and inasmuch as it is intended primarly
for use of shampoo operators, I choose to give it
(01. 4—159)
2
.
.
erly connected with pipes for supplying and dis
charging water or other ?uid.
H
the title, shampoo cabinet combination; though
it is useful for purposes other than shampoo
.
.
Other objects and important features are
pointed out or implied in the following details of
description, in connection with the accompanye
ing drawing in which:
Fig. 1 is a top-plan view showing one of my
improved shampoo-supporting units‘?tted in a
mg.
corner or niche between two closets or wardrobes,
One object of this invention is to provide an 10 and an upright tubular support and outlet for
improved form of shampoo-supporting unit that
water-pipes disposed in an opposite niche at-rear
includes a lavatory and is adapted to fit snugly
of the two closets.
,
in a rectangular corner of a room or in angu
Fig. 2 is a top plan view of one of the shampoo
lar niches between closets of the main combina
supporting units ?tted against one of the stor
tion; and that also includes wall-separated 15 age closets or wardrobes, the upwardly inclined
shelves for respectively holding various materials
arrows indicating the proper direction .of move
and utensils in positions for convenient access
ment to. properly ?t this sub-combination onto
and ready use of shampoo operators on the heads
that shown in Fig. 1 so as to provide a two-basin
of customers whose necks are seated in for
three-closet assemblage serviced by a single tubu
wardly projecting seats therefor; also to provide 20 lar support for water-pipes, and adapted to be
such supporting unit with walls having inwardly
seated against a plane wall, as if the spacebee
curved upper edges for preventing water or other
tween these adjoined assemblages andFigs- 3
liquid from slopping over these walls from the
and 4 represents or contains such wall. .Fig..3.is.a
basin in which the patients’ or customers’ heads
View of the same elements shown in Fig. 2, but
are being shampooed or otherwise treated.
these elements transposed to opposite sides,- a
Another object is to provide, in combination
portion of the closet being broken off to gain,
with a shampoo-supporting unit or units such as
necessary clear space, the upwardly inclined ar
brie?y described, conveniently accessible closets
rows showing the direction of movement neces
for supporting and storing various materials and
sary to properly position this sub-assemblage
utensils for various uses or kinds of treatment of 30 against that of Fig. 1 in the operation of forming
hair and scalp, according to the various condi
the complete radial or circular assemblage where
tions and requirements; also for storage of oper
in the vertical water-supply pipe is thecentral
ating garments, etc., of the respective operators
in an establishment wherein my combined de
vices are grouped around a central water-sup
ply and water-disposal means such as will pres
element
or axis.
>
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'
Fig. 4 is a top plan view of one of the shampoo
35 units for supporting water, other shampoo ma
terials, implements for use in shampooing, etc.,
ently be described.
and the head and neck of aperson who is be
Another object of this invention is to provide
ing operated on, the arrow showing the direc
a radial assemblage (one wherein the water-pipe
tion of movement nececssary to ?t the unit into
support is the central or radiating point) in 40 the angular niche between adjacent closets in
Figs. 2 and 3.
j '
which the water-pipes serve, in addition to their
primary functions, as means to secure or assist
Fig. 5 is a vertical sectional View taken along
in securing the shampoo-supporting units, or
the line 5—5 of Fig. 1, parts being broken out to
supports for water, other materials and'imple
conserve space, and additional elements being
ments, in their respective positions, and thereby 45
cooperating to prevent lateral movements of the
several closets from their normal positions, viz.,
positions in which they have their median planes
disposed along radii from the central point in the
water-pipe-support.
shown at upper-left.
.
‘
'
Fig. 6 is a front elevation of the unit shown in
Fig. 4 and of a supporting unit or base there‘;
under, which supporting unit constitutes a 'stor
age cabinet or closet whose upper end is horizon
50 tally substantially coextensive with the ‘lower
A further object is to provide, in an assemblage
end of the unit supported thereby.
Y
as just above described, at least three sub-com
binations which are easily disconnected and sep
Fig. 8 is a top plan view of a modi?ed form
of tubular support, and a modi?ed arrangement
arated and which are individually useful when
of _water-supply pipes therein and extending
?tted in different corners of a room and prop 55
therefrom.
\
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r
'
>
.
2,409,187
3
one of such units is normally mounted on a sup
porting base like or similar to the one shown at
to Fig. 4, it is seen that this is an integral unit
which may be of any appropriate material or com
I4 in Figs. 5 and 6, preferably a storage closet for
storing and supporting materials and implements
in convenient nearby location for ready access by
a shampoo-operator when preparing to begin
bination of materials, ~ for instance, enameled
cast-iron,- ceramic material or plastic material
molded or otherwise formed. Its component and
combined elements are two relatively high rear
walls III that are formed with outwardly turned
?anges Illa that are merged in a wide rectangular
horizontal cover Iilb over a space that receives a
part of the drain or over?ow pipe and may receive
a greater part of the water-supply pipe than is
shown in Fig. 5; this cover being substantially
rectangular; in other words, the wall It and this
cover being combined to form a substantially
4
ing the time that would be required to mop or
wipe up such slop.
Each one of the four shampoo-supporting units
that includes the basin, answers to the descrip
tion given in the preceding paragraph, and each
Fig. '7 is a vertical sectional view taken along
the line 1-1 of Fig. 2, showing more clearly the
inwardly curved upper edges of the relatively low
walls that connect the neck-rest to the high rear
wall.
Referring to these drawings in detail, and ?rst,
shampooing or treating any customer's or pa
tient’s head.
In Figs. 2 and 3, a wardrobe or closet I5 is added
to the combination, one of its lateral sides being
adjoined to one of the rear wall-sections and be
ing substantially vertically and horizontally co
extensive with the adjoining rear wall-section and
its base I4, so its top is substantially level with
20 the top of the rear wall-section and is convenient
rectangular part that is adapted to be closely ?t
ted into a corner of an ordinary room or into an
angular niche such as described in the foregoing.
A basin II has its deeper and major portion
portion disposed between the rearwardly converg- *
ing right and left portions of the wall It], while an
upwardly and forwardly inclined bottom-portion
I la of this basin is forwardly converging and ter
minates in a neck-support I Ib which is upwardly
concaved and adapted to receive large necks or to
receive suitable padding (not shown) to prevent
leakage past small necks of persons whose respec
tive heads are partly over the deep part of the
basin and partly resting on the inclined part I Ia;
and it should be noted that this relatively narrow
as a support for various ornamental or useful
articles which enhance the aesthetic and utili
tarian values of this group, of shampoo devices;
but the main purpose of each wardrobe I5 is to
support and protect garments and other valuables
of the individual shampoo operators. while dispos
ing such ‘garments, etc.,'in very convenient'posi
tion for ready access of the respective shampoo
operators immediately before or after each sham‘
pooing operation, or even during such operation.
Each of these wardrobes is preferably a locker,
though no lock is here shown. These wardrobes
also‘ serve to cooperate in keeping the shampoo
elements or units and closets I4 in their normal
positions with respect to the support and outlet
for water-supply and water-disposal pipes, as will
front end of the basin projects considerably in
presently become apparent.
front of all other elements of the shampoo-unit,
In Fig. 1, there is added a second wardrobe or
thereby disposing the head of the customer or
locker
I5, one on each right and left side of the
patient near the shampoo operator who stands
shampoo
unit, two of their rear corners substan
40
to right or left of the forwardly protruding por
tially meeting at the rear corner of the cover
tion. Two level shelves I2 are at opposite sides
Ilib, while their rear sides diverge to form a niche
of the basin and united with the upper parts or
in
which the upright tubular support I6 extends.
side-walls of the basin. Two relatively low front
Because of the substantially right-angular shape
walls I3 have their rear ends united with the
of this group, it is adapted to be seated in a cor
relatively high rear wall I0 and converge for
ner of a room where the Water-pipes are very
wardly to the neck-rest I Ib where they terminate
near two meeting walls of the room, and there
in unity with the neck-rest, their main interme
constitutes a‘ complete combination for use by an
diate parts extending across the respective shelves
operator and assistant-operator; or if the Water
I2 in continuous unity with these shelves, and
pipes
are several feet from the corner, and where
50
dividing them into separate supporting elements
the business justi?es more than two operators
IZa and» IZb, which latter are formed with retain
and/or assistant-operators, the devices of either
ing ridges I20, so that such articles as soap, comb,
Fig. 201' Fig. 3 may be added to those of Fig. 1,
brush, sponge etc. will notslip therefrom, and the
as previously explained; or by adjoining all the
drainage and/‘or drippings from sponges, hands of
devices in Figs. 1, 2, 3 and 4, (as explained in
01
OK
of the operator etc., will not run therefrom, and
connection with the arrows) provision is made for
can be sponged back into the basin or into any
more operators and taking care of more shampoo
receptacle provided for refuse. Bottles and other
customers. Therefore, with these several combi
containers of shampooing ?uid etc. can be seated
nations of shampoo accessories and conveniences,
in the corners at the junctions of the walls IE! and
it can be both practical and pro?table for start~
l 3, there being supported not only in a convenient 60 ing with the combination of the unit and sup
reach of the operator, but also protected by the
porting base of Figs. 4 and 6 in one of the four
angularly adj oined walls against being knocked off
or overturned. A very important feature, to pre
vent water from slopping over the walls I3 is the ‘
provision of inwardly curved wall-top-flanges I 3a,
best shown in Figs. 5 and '7, but indicated by dot
ted lines in each of the other ?gures except Fig. 8.
If water rises to an excessive height and covers
the shelves I2a while a patient’s or customer’s
hair or head is being moved so water tends to slop
over the walls I3, the curved-inward ?anges Isa
de?ect the waves or ripples of water from an out
ward to an inward course, thus eliminating slop
corners of a comparatively small room; adding
similar units respectively to other corners of the
room as business increases; displacing such simple
combinations (as Fig. 4) with more nearly com
plete ones such as in Figs. 2, 3 or 1; and ?nally,
in the same small room, in the center thereof,
assemble and combine all the devices shown in
Figs. 1, 2, 3 and 4; thereby providing for eight
shampoo operations simultaneously, in one com
paratively small room.
In certain warm or mild climates. and under
certain conditions where warm water is supplied
on the ?oor where the operator stands, and sav- ' 75 from a certain source and at proper temperature,
2,409,187
5
6
a single upright water-supply pipe I‘! with a
branch-pipe or section it will be sufficient when
provided with a suitable faucet i9 (Fig. 5), and
such faucet cooperates with the water-supply
pipe-sections for holding the shampoo unit
bilized and mutually contribute to stabilizing all
against the wardrobes when assembled in the ra
dial arrangement wherein the center of the pipe
section ll is the axis; so, it will be seen that these
other features of the entire assemblage so as to.
provide a unified shampoo cabinet combination.
Of course, any appropriate means (not shown)
can be employed for regulating the ?ow of water
into the bowl; and to prevent over?ow over the
top thereof, a pipe 33 extends up a suitable dis
tance into the bowl, is secured to the latter prop
erly to prevent leakage therearound, and extends
water-pipe sections cooperate with all the other
elements of the assembly in securing them in their 10 thence down into the tubular support for dis
charging the overflow therethrough. It is also
normal relation to one another. However where
intended that the drain~outlet 2'? of each basin
the simplest form of the invention is employed
shall lead out from the closet l4 and into the
and the features or elements it to 19 are elim
upright tubular support; and it is within the
inated, a pipe section can be disposed mainly un
der the cover I?b, having its upper-end bent lat
erally (horizontally) and extended thru the open
duit up through said tubular support and through
ing 20 so a faucet can be secured thereon.
said bowl 22, similar to the pipe 33, for carrying
scope of this invention to extend an electric con
Where it is desirable to supply both cold and
electric conductors and supporting one or more
hot water (or precisely tempered water) through
electric lamps in or over said bowl for illuminat
the same faucet-nozzle, for each of the four
ing the fountain and/or other esthetic enhance
shampoo-units a supply-pipe-arrangement such
merits.
Though I have speci?cally described these sev
as shown in Fig, 8 may be employed in connection
with any suitable form or type of mixing faucet
eral embodiments of my invention, I have no in
tention to limit my patent protection to these
(not shown) ; and for purpose of explanation, Ha
corresponds to the pipe I‘! only in respect to its 25 precise details of description and illustration, for
the invention is susceptible of numerous changes
central or axial position and as supplying water
within the scope of the inventive ideas as implied
only to a fountain-head 2! and bowl 22, as in Fig.
5; while separate upright pipe-sections 23 and 26
and claimed.
As one instance or example of such changes, I
may be respectively connected to sources of hot
and cold water respectively, so their distributing 30 may have the walls 53 sloping toward the rear,
sections 25 and 25, being arranged in pairs that
as indicated by broken (dot-dash) lines on the
project in four horizontal directions through holes
walls is in Figs. 5 and 6, so these walls are about
or outlets in the tubular support i611, each pair
an inch lower at their rear ends than at their
consisting of a section 25 and a section 26 which
front ends, for greater convenience and for a
conduct hot water and cold water respectively; 35 more streamlined appearance. Moreover, it is
and when this type of Water-supply-means is
used, there must be two openings 20a at opposite
sides of where the opening at is seen in Fig. 6',
and a mixing faucet is then applied to the pair of
pipe-sections that project through these two 40
openings, so the water can be mixed and tem
pered in the usual way before it flows into the
within the scope of this invention to construct
the tubular support l6 and/or Ilia in primarily
separate parts that can be conveniently and eas
ily separated when necessary for gaining access
to any of the elements therein for cleaning, re
.pair or replacement of such elements.
I claim the following as my invention:
1. In a compartmental shampoo-unit, the com
adjacent basin.
Each basin is provided with a normally closed
bination of two supporting shelves, a high rear
openable drain-opening or drain-pipe 2'! that 45 wall that comprises two complemental rearward
extends down through an opening 28 in the top
ly converging wall~sections whose lower portions
of the storage closet l4 and secures the latter in
are united respectively with said supporting
a ?xed relation to the said shampoo-unit; and its
shelves, a shampoo-basin between said shelves
stopper 29 can be lifted when draining is desired.
and having its top portions united with said
Each basin is also provided with an overflow out 50 shelves while its front portion is forwardly ta
let or pipe 3%) that projects from the upper-rear
pering and upwardly inclined and terminates in
part of the basin, through a hole in the‘vertical
tubular support G6 or lBa and contributes to se
curing the elements It and E6 or IE0. in ?xed re
an upwardly concaved relatively narrow neck
support at a considerable distance in front of said
?attened and ?ts in and is secured in a vertically
posite sides of said concave relatively narrow
lation to the respective shampoo units. The inner 55 shelves, and two relatively low rearwardly diverg
ing walls having their front ends united with op
end of each overflow pipe is preferably somewhat
neck-support while their rear ends are united re
disposed slot at 38 (Fig. 5), so the danger of this
spectively with said rearwardly converging wall
overflow becoming clogged or choked is mini
60 sections of the rear wall and while their interme
mized.
diate portions are across and united with the re
Referring again to the bowl 22, it will be seen
spective shelves and divide the latter into com
that its bottom not only covers the tubular sup
partments for separately holding and support
port’s upper end. but also covers spaces 32 (Figs.
ing various materials and implements in con
1 and 5) for excluding animals, insects and other
objects from entering these spaces and the tubu 65 venient positions for ready use of a shampoo
lar support; and in addition to this utilitarian
operator when shampooing the head of a person
function, the bowl may be of any artistic form
whose neck is in said neck-support.
and may contain water-plants or other esthetic
2. In the shampoo-unit de?ned by claim 1, said
enhancement in addition to or in lieu of the foun
relatively low walls having their upper edges in
tain. Inasmuch as the top of the tubular sup 70 wardly curved toward said basin for inwardly
port [6 ?ts in an annular recess in the bowl’s
deflecting waves or ripples of liquid that tend to
bottom, and the pipe I‘! is secured to said bottom,
slop over said low walls from said basin.
all these parts l6, ll, iii, are rigidi?ed and sta
JOHN HENRY BOWER.
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