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Патент USA US2409196

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Oct. 15, 1946.
w- .1. CRAWFORD
2,409,195
SURGICAL SPLINT
Filed June 22, 1943
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2 Sheets-Sheet l'
Oct. l5, 1946.
w. J. CRAWFORD
2,409,195
SURGICAL SPLINT
Filed June 22, 1943
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
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2,409,195
Patented Oct. 15, 1946
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,409,195
SURGICAL sPLiNT
Walter J. Crawford, New Orleans, La.
Application June 22, 1943, Serial No'. 491,774
5 Claims. (Cl. 12S-87)
(Granted under the act of March 3, 1883, as
amended April 30, 1928; 370 0. G. 757)
l
2
The invention described herein may be manu
faotured and used by or for the Government for
abilities which often occur as a result of lack of
splinting or improper application of splints.
One of the diñiculties heretofore involved in
the performance of splinting by a layman arose
from the fact that each particular injury to a
part of the human body required the application
governmental purposes, Without the payment to
me of any royalty thereon.
This invention relates to surgical splints of the
type designed for splinting injured limbs or oth
er parts of the human body for the purpose of
of a little different technique and the use of a
little different form of splint in each case so that
extensive knowledge on the part- of the layman
The principal object of the present invention is
to provide a surgical splint of the class described 10 Was heretofore required for the accomplishment
of proper splinting. Prefabricated splints here
which is particularly designed for use by laymen
tofore available have usually either been designed
unskilled in the arts of surgery and medicine in
and suitable for only limited use or have been of
order to render first aid to an injured person
such complicated or expensive construction as to
pending the arrival of a physician or surgeon.
render them not generally available or not prac
A further principal object of the invention is
ticable for use by unskilled laymen. The fact
to provide a surgical splint of the class described
that such prefabricated splints usually have been
which may be made out of pliant material of
designed for only one particular form of splint
sufficient thickness for the purpose so that it may
has necessitated the provision of several different
be transported in flat condition prior to use for
splints to supply the requirements of various
its intended purpose and then folded to the de
supporting and immobilizing the injured part.
splint forms needed.
sired splint shape.
Primary objects of the invention, therefore,
Another object of the invention is to provide a
have been to simplify splinting technique, to re
surgical splint of the type mentioned which com
duce the number of different splint forms neces
prises a flat sheet of pliant material scored to
deñne various panel and ilap sections designed to 25 sary, to design splint forms which could be stand
ardized so that one splint form could be used for
assist the ñrst aider in forming the desired splint
splinting various different injured parts of the
shape wherein the panel and flap sections are so
human body, and to incorporate the various splint
arranged as to enable them to cooperate in sev
forms into a single unitary structure of simple
eral different ways for the purposes of different
30
and inexpensive construction capable of being
Another object of the invention is to provide a
surgical splint of the type mentioned wherein the
panel and ñap sections comprising the same are
so arranged that the several cooperative rela
tionships of Which the same are capable are each 35
transported in flat condition and folded or bent
to the desired ultimate splint form upon the scene
of the casualty by any inexperienced layman.
types of splints.
adapted to form splints capable of splinting dif
ferent parts of the human body.
The importance of rendering prompt and prop
er first aid assistance to injured persons is Well
The splint of the invention generally comprises
a sheet of inexpensive pliant material scored to
define a main panel comprising a base panel sec
tion, main side panel Sections extending from
either side of the base panel section, an end
panel section extending from one end of the base
recognized. Proper first aid assistance is often 40 panel section, and auxiliary side panel sections
extending from either side of the end panel sec
responsible not only for saving of lives but also
tion. The auxiliary side panel sections are each
for reducing the convalescence period of the in
scored to deñne a flap section adapted for hinge
jured person. In the case of bone fractures such
movement relative to its respective auxiliary side
as of the arms, legs, ankles, feet, neck, back or
other parts of the human body, it is particularly 45 panel section. The flap sections may be located
so as to form parts of the respective auxiliary
important that the splint be properly applied as
side panel sections either at corners of the sheet
of material or at parts of the auxiliary side panel
sections adjacent the respective main side panel
to the difficulties of the surgeon in proper setting 50 sections. The location of the flap section in ei
ther case is designed to make possible the form
of the same whereas prompt and proper applica
ing of the splint into one of several diiîerent
tion of splints may render the performance by
splint forms, each of which is applicable to sev
the physician or surgeon of a further setting op
eral diiferent splinting conditions, the respective
eration unnecessary, reduce the time required for
the bones to knit, and eliminate permanent dis 55 diiferent splint forms to which the respective`dif
soon as possible. Lack of splinting or improperly
applied splints may greatly increase the time re
quired for knitting of the fractured bone or add
2,409,195
4
3
along the scores provided to enable the same to
assume the desired splint form or shape. The
said sheet of material may for this purpose com
prise cardboard, paper board, liber board, or the
ferently located flap sections are applicable to
gether covering the range of conditions encoun
tered requiring the use of splints. Preferably,
therefore, the auxiliary side panel sections of the
like, and the said sheet of material is preferably
of greater length than width. A‘suitable size for
sheet of material are each scored to denne both
of the alternatively usable iiap sections located
as described whereby the diiferently located flap
sections of the respective auxiliary side panel
the sheet of material, generally applicable to the
formation of the various splint forms which it is
capable of assuming may, for example, constitute
sections are adapted for an alternative use de
pending upon the particular splint form required. 10 a sheet of approximately sixteen inches by thirty
The sheet of material is preferably formed of
two inches and three-sixteenths inch thick The
cardboard, paper board, ñber board, or like mate
rial of sufficient stiffness and thickness to provide
adequate support; for, and immobilization of, the
sheet of material or splint blank I is provided
with longitudinal scores, or weakening furrows,
that the splint maybe transported in flat condi
tion and readily formed to the desired shape upon
ning parallel to one another and lengthwise of
the sheet of material I, to provide lines along
preferably ñve in number, generally indicated by
injured part, yet sufñciently pliant and flexible 15 the numerals 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 respectively, run
which the material may be folded so that the
the scene of the casualty. The various panel sec
various subpanel sections defined by said scores
tions are adapted for hinge movement with re
spect to each other and are preferably scored to 20 2, 3, 4, 5 and G may have hinge movement rela
tive to its adjacent subpanel section.
define subpanel sections, each of which likewise
The sheet of material is further provided with
is _adapted for hinge movement with respect to its
v'adjacent subpanel section whereby, for example,
heavier transverse scores 'I and 8 extending trans
versely of the sheet of material I and of the
the sheet of material may readily be folded along
the scores and, by the use of one of the particular 25 scores 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6, the score 'l extending from
the marginal side edge 9 of the sheet of material
inwardly to the score designated 3 and the score
8 extending from the opposite marginal side edge
leg, ankle or foot, or by use of other alternative
I0 of the sheet of material inwardly to the score
flap sections made adaptable for use alternative
,ly as a splint form for splinting the back or neck 30 5, the scores 'I and 8 being in alignment trans
of an injured person.
versely of the sheet of material I.
The sheet of material is provided with a second
Other objects, advantages and features of nov
set of transverse scores II and I2 paralleling the
elty will appear as the description of the invention
scores 'I and 8 and in alignment transversely of
proceeds in conjunction with the accompanying
drawings, in which
35 the sheet I, said scores II and I2 each being
flap sections, made adaptable for assuming a
splint form applicable to the upper arm, forearm,
about half the length of the scores 'I and 8 and
extending across only one of the subpanel sections
defined by the scores 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6, the score II
. Figure 1 is a plan view of the splint blank in its
initial flat condition scored to define the various
panel and flap sections.
extending from the marginal side edge 9 of the
. Figure 2 is a perspective view of the sheet of
material comprising the splint of the invention 40 sheet of material inwardly to the score desig
having been cut along certain of the scores pro
nated 2 and the score I2 extending from the mar
vided, for the purpose of enabling the splint blank
ginal side edge I0 of the sheet of material inward
ly to the score 6.
Intermediate the first two sets of transverse
to assume one of the severa1 splint forms to which
it is adaptable.
»Figure 3 is a perspective view of a sheet of ma
scores is provided a third set of transverse scores
terial comprising the splint of the invention cut
respectively designated I3 and I4 extending trans
versely of the sheet of material and in alignment
Valong certain of the scores in a slightly different
manner than illustrated in Figure 2 to enable the
.splint blank to assume another of the respective
splint forms to which the same is adapted.
Figures 4 and 5 illustrate the manner of and
transversely of said sheet of material, said scores
I3 and I4 paralleling the scores 1, 8, II and I2.
The sheet of material is further provided with
heavy longitudinal scores I5 and I6 running;I
lengthwise of the sheet of material, paralleling
the previously mentioned longitudinal scores 2, 3,
respective stages in the forming of the splint blank
,into a splint form adaptable for splinting of the
various stages in the forming of the splint blank
into a splint form adaptable for splinting the
4, 5 and 6, the score I5 coinciding with a por
tion of the score 3 and the score I6 coinciding
with a portion of the score 5.
The sheet of material is adapted to be severed
ankle or foot.
Figures 8 and 9 illustrate the manner of and
the sheet of material is severed along the scores
arm, forearm and elbow of an injured person.
Figures 6 and 7 illustrate the manner of and "
various stages in forming of the splint blank into
along the scores 1, 8, II, I2, I5 and I6 and when
60
a splint form adaptable for splinting the leg.
Figure 10 illustrates the thigh splint.
Figures 11 and 12 illustrate the manner of
«forming the splint blank into a splint form adapt
1, 8, I5 and I6, as illustrated inl Figure 2, the
flap section I‘I, bounded by the scores ‘I, I5 and
I3, is adapted to be folded for hinge movement
along the score I3 as the hinge axis and the ñap
section I8, bounded by the scores 8, I6 and I4,
ed for use in splinting the neck,
Figures 13 and 14 illustrate the manner of use
of the splint of the invention for the purposes of
a back splint and/or litter for carrying the in
jured person.
Now referring to the drawings for a detailed
i. is adapted for hinge movement along the score
I4 as the hinge axis. W'herlV the sheet of ma
description of the invention, the numeral I gen
erally indicates a flat rectangular sheet of pliant
material of sufficient thickness and stiffness for
its intended purpose yet of sufñcient flexibility and
the score 2 as the hinge axis and the flap section
resilience to enable the same to be bent or folded
terial I is severed along the scores 1, 8, II and
I2, as illustrated in Figure 3, the ñap section
I9, bounded by the scores I I and 2 and marginal
v
edge 40, is adapted for hinge movement along
20, bounded by the scores I2 and 6, and marginal
edge 40, is adapted for hinge movement along
»theV score 6 as the hinge axis.
From the foregoing, it will be seen that the var
6
main panel designated 23; the portion of the
main panel 23, bounded by the scores 3 and 5,
the purposes of and depending :upon which'of
the several splint forms the blank I is to be caused
to assume. For example, when it is desired .to
utilize the splint for splinting the arm, forearm,
elbow, ankle or foot, the sheet of material I
will be severed along the scores 1', 8, II and I2
as illustrated in Figure 3. The splint form is
identical, for the purposes of simplicity, whether
dotted line 2I _and marginal edge 22, of the sheet
of material, may be described as the base panel
the splint is to be used for splinting the arm, fore
arm or the elbow and this splint form (severed
`ious scores provided, as above described, define
respective panel and nap sections as follows: The
portion of the sheet of material bounded by the
scores 1 and 8, together with interconnecting
dotted line 2I and marginal edges Il), 22 and 3
of the sheet of material, may be described as a
section generally indicated by the numeral 24;
as indicated in Figure 3) is illustrated in Figures
the portion of the main panel 23, bounded by
scores 1 and 3, and marginal edges 22 and 9 of
4 and 5 where it is seen that the same basically
utilizes the base panel section 24, main side panel
sections 25 and 26, each respectively folded to a
section generally indicated by rthe numeral 25; 15 position at an agle to the base panel section 24
along the hinge axes 3 and 5 respectively, the end
the portion of the main panel bounded by the
panel section 21 folded to a position at substan
scores 5 and 8 and marginal edges II] and 22 of
the material may be defined as a main side panel
tially right angles with respect to the base panel
section 24 along the hinge axis 2l, the auxiliary
side panel section indicated by the numeral 26;
the portion of the sheet of material, bounded by 20 side panel sections 28 and 29 folded respectively
to positions substantially at right angles with re
the scores 3 and ‘5, marginal edge 40 of the sheet
of material and dotted line 2I may be described
spect to the end panel section 21 along the ‘hinge
as the end panel section designated by the nu
axes 3 and <5 respectively. This splint form of
Figures 4 and 5 utilizes the flap sections I9 and
meral 21; the portion of the sheet of material
I, bounded by the scores 3 and 1_, and marginal 25 2i] each folded substantially at right angles with
respect to its respective auxiliary-side panel vsec
edges 9 and 40 may be described as an auxiliary
side panel section 28 including the flap sections
tions 28 or 29, the ñap sections I9 and 20 being
the sheet of material may be described as a main
I1 and I9; and the portion of the sheet of ma
folded toward one another as indicated best in
Figure 4 along their respective hinge axes 2 and.
terial, bounded by the scores 5 and 8, and mar
ginal edges Ill and 40, may be described as an 30 5 so that in the final condition of Figure 5 the
auxiliary side panel section designated by the
flap sections Iâ and 20 lie substantially parallel
to the end panel section 21. In the application
numeral 29 including the flap sections IB and 25.
of the splint to the arm of the person injured,
It will be seen from the foregoing that the
scores provided define a main panel 23 compris
the base panel section 24 is placed under and
ing a base panel section 24 and main side panel l supports the forearm and the end panel section
sections 25 and 26, each of the main side panel
21 lies against the rear of the upper arm. The
sections extending from one of opposite sides of
subpanel sections 31 and 34 are folded inwardly
the base panel section 24, said main side panel
toward one another around their respective hinge
section 25 being adapted for hinge movement rel
axes 2 and 6 so that subpanel section 31 assumes
ative t0 the base panel section 24 along the score 40 an acute angle with respect to subpanel section
3 as a hinge axis, and the main side panel 26
3D and subpanel section 34 assumes an acute an
being adapted for hinge movement relative to the
gle with respect to subpanel section 33. The vic
base panel section 24 along the score 5 as a hinge
tim’s forearm lies between the inwardly folded
axis. The end panel section 21 is adapted for
subpanel sections 31 and 34 which resiliently en
hinge movement relative to base panel section 24
gage the sides of the victim’s forearm arid the
along the dotted line 2I as a hinge axis. The
latter, being encased in the splint as described,
auxiliary side panel section 28 is adapted for hinge
may be bound therein by tying a cloth or cravat
movement relative to the end panel section 21
39 completely around the portion of the splint
along the score 3 as a hinge axis and the aux
supporting the forearm. The flap sections I9
iliary side panel section 29 is adapted for hinge 50 and 20 are, of course, folded around the front
part of the upper arm and part of the splint en
movement relative to the end panel section 21
along the score 5 as a hinge axis.
casing the upper arm may be firmly secured also
The longitudinal scores 2, 3, 4, 5 and 5 divide
by tying a cravat therearound as shown in Figure
the various panel sections into subpanel sections,
5. It will be noted that the flexibility of the en
the respective subpanel sections of the main side
gagement of the subpanel sections 31 and 34
panel section 25 being designated 31 and 30, re
with opposite sides of the forearm provide ad
spectively, the subpanel section 31 being defined
ditional advantage in this type of splint in serving
by the score 2 and marginal side edge 9 and the
to cushion any shock producing blow to which
subpanel section 35 being defined between the
the victim’s arm might be subject after splinting.
scores 2 and 3. Likewise the base panel section 60
IThe splint form for splinting the ankle or foot
24 is divided into subpanel sections 3l and 32, re
as seen in Figures 6 and '1, is substantially the
spectively, subpanel section 3I being defined be
same as shown in Figures ‘l Vand 5 except that due
tween scores 3 and 4 and subpanel section 32
to the fact that the leg and ankle are thicker than
being deñned between scores 4 and 5. Similarly
the forearm, the main side panel sections 25 and
the main side panel section 26 is divided into sub 65 26 are utilized in a straight-sided manner, the
subpanel sections 31 and 34 not being folded in
panel sections 33 and 34, respectively, subpanel
the acute angular relation as in the case of Fig
section 33 being deñned between scores 5 and 6,
ures 4 and 5 and the end panel section 21 being
and subpanel section 34 being defined between
folded relative to the base panel section 24 in such
score 5 and marginal edge I0.
One face of the sheet of material I is prefer
a manner that the auxiliary side panel sections
ably provided with instructions adjacent to and
28 and 29 lie inwardly instead of outwardly of the
appropriate to the respective scores 1, 8, II, I2,
main side panel sections 25 and 26.
In the case of the leg splint shown in Figures
I3, I4, I5 and I6, indicating where the sheet of
material I is to be severed and/or where the
8 and 9 the splint blank or sheet of material I
respective severed portions are -to be folded for 75 is not severed along any of the scores but is simply
2,409,195
7
folded around the leg with the base panel section
and end panel section utilized as a continuous
base part positioned at the rear of the leg and
the panel sections 25 and 28 forming one con
tinuous side section and the panel sections 26 and
29 forming the other continuous side section.
For the purposes of a thigh splint the splint of
8
splint capable of being transported in ñat condi
tionand of being folded into various splint forms
following the very simple instructions and re
quiring no previous skill or experience of the lay
man employing same. It will also be apparent
that the invention provides a single unitary struc
ture comprising a surgical splint blank scored to
deñne the various panel and ñap sections above
described, which structure is applicable to the
erence to Figures 8 and 9 and an additional splint 10 whole range of conditions requiring splinting so
the invention is utilized, as shown in Figure 10,
in a manner similar to that described with ref
blank I is used around the thigh, the additional
splint being indicated at 38.
For the purposes of splinting either the neck
.or the back, the splint form is the same, being
that a single unitary splint structure is applicable
to and useful for many different splinting pur
The splint form and method of application just
adapted, depending upon the particular condition
poses.
It will furthermore be seen that the construc
of slightly diiîerent form from the form assumed 15 tion of the invention provides, in a single unitary
splint, two basic splint forms, one generally ap
'for the purposes of the splints illustrated in Fig
plicable to splinting the arm, forearm, elbow,
ures 4 to 7, inclusive. For the purposes of the
ankle and foot and the other applicable for splint
splint form designed for application to the back
ing the neck and back, both of which splint forms
or neck, the splint blank or sheet of material I
`is severed along the scores 1, 3, I5 and I6, as il 20 basically utilize a main pane1 sectioncomprising
a base panel section and optionally usable main
lustrated in Figure 2. Basically this splint form
side panel section, an end panel section, and aux
utilizes the main panel designated as a whole by
iliary side panel sections, each of the latter em
the numeral 23 as a flat or slightly dished panel
bodying one or the other of alternatively usable
adapted to engage the victim’s back, the end
panel section 2l not folded but extending in sub 25 flap sections and preferably embodying both of
the alternatively usable flap sections.
stantially the same plane as the plane of the main
It will, of course, be understood that the splint
panel up behind the victim’s neck, the auxiliary
blank of the invention, scored as illustrated in
side panel sections 28 and 29 being folded along
Figure 1 and preferably bearing the instructions
their respective hinge axes 3 and 6 inwardly to
ward each other to engage the sides of the Vic 30 thereon as illustrated in said figure and also pref
erably bearing thereon the illustration of Figures
.tim’s head, and the flap sections I‘I and I8 being
4 to 14 inclusive, is intended to remain in the flat,
folded outwardly along their respective hinge
unsevered condition of Figure 1, and transported
axes I3 and I4 so as to rest on the victim’s should
in said condition, until the occasion for its use
ers as seen best in Figures 11 and l2~whereby said
arises, whereupon the splint blank of Figure 1
ilat sections I'I and I8 serve to support the splint
may be severed in one of the several alternative
in place upon the victim’s body. Cravats or ties
ways above described and formed to one of the
4I will be bound around the victim’s body and the
several ultimate splint forms to which it is
splint to secure the latter supportingly in place.
described will be sufl'icient for the purposes of 40 or injury for which it is required to be used.
The splint blank of the invention and the
splinting the neck for certain neck and head in
method of scoring and folding the same to define
juries. When the victim’s back is injured the
a plurality of basic splint forms and to form a
same splint form and procedure may be used as
plurality of ultimate splint forms is particularly
described in connection with splinting of the neck
advantageous in providing an all-purpose splint
and additionally one or more splint blanks of ap
of unitary structure and in simplifying the prac
proximately the size of the blank I may be utilized
tice of splinting by the unskilled layman so that,
in flat condition in overlapped relation with re
for instance, he is required to sever the splint
spect to the main panel portion 23 of the splint
blank in one of only two ways, together covering
form applied to the upper back and neck of the
all conditions and he is required to fold the blank
victim, in the manner indicated in Figures 13
to ultimate splint form in a minimum number
and 14 particularly, whereby to extend the sup
of ways. For example, the splint blank is caused
port of the upper back and neck splint to com
to assume the ultimate form of Figure 5, regard
pletely immobilize the victim’s neck, back and
less of whether the injury is to the upper arm,
legs, the additional splint blank utilized under
or whether the injury is to the forearm, or
the conditions of Figures 13 and 14 being indi
whether the injury is to the elbow, and the ulti
cated at 35 in said figures. It will be readily un
mate splint form of Figure 5 is applied to the
derstood that the manner of application of the
entire arm as shown in said lñgure, regardless
splint as illustrated in Figures 13 and 14 may be
of what part of the arm is injured, for the pur
advantageously employed as a litter for trans
porting the victim by the use of ties or cravats 60 poses of simplicity.
Having thus described my invention, what I
42 extending around the victim and attached to a
claim as new ’and desire to secure by Letters
pole 36 for carrying the same.
Patent of the United States, is:
Preferably the illustrations of the various
l. In a surgical splint of the class described, a
splint forms and the manner of application of
single sheet of pliant material scored to denne a
same to various conditions or injuries, as em
base panel section, main side panel sections, each
bodied in Figures 4 to 14, inclusive, may be in
of the latter extending from one of opposite sides
corpora-ted directly on the face of the splint blank
of the base panel section, an end panel section
I upon which are provided the various scores and
extending from one end ofthe base panel section,
the instructions for the respective scores adjacent
and auxiliary side Í panel sections, each of the
and appropriate thereto (such instructions being
latter extending from one of opposite sides of
shown on one face of the splint blank in Fig
ure 1) .
the end panel section, said auxiliary side panel
From the foregoing it will be apparent that the
splint construction of the invention provides a
sections each being scored to deñne a flap section
at one corner of the sheet of material and adapted
lvery simple, inexpensive and efficient surgical 75 to have hinged relation to its respective auxiliary
2,409,195
9
10
side panel section about an axis extending longi
tudinally of said sheet.
2. In a surgical splint ci the class described, a
ond flap section adapted for hinged relation to
its respective auxiliary side panel section when
the sheet of material is severed along the trans~
single sheet of pliant material scored to define a
verse scores of the third pair of the latter.
4. A surgical splint of the class described com
base panel section, main side panel sections, each
prising a sheet of pliant material provided with
a plurality of parallel scores extending longitudi~
nally of said sheet and a pair of aligned trans
extending from one end of the base panel section,
verse scores, each of the latter extending from
and auxiliary side panel sections, each of the
latter extending from one of opposite sides of the 10 one side edge of the sheet equidistantly inwardly
thereof perpendicular to the longitudinal scores,
end panel section, said auxiliary side panel sec
said scores deñning a main panel, an end panel
tions each being scored to denne a flap section at
section extending from one end of the main panel
one side of its respective auxiliary side panel sec
intermediate said transverse scores, and auxiliary
tion adjacent the respective main side panel sec
side panel sections, each of the latter extending
tion, each of said flap sections being adapted to
from one of opposite sides of the end panel sec
have hinged relation to its respective auxiliary
tion and adapted for hinged relation to the latter
side panel section about an axis extending trans
when the sheet is severed along said transverse
versely of said sheet, said auxiliary side panel
scores, said auxiliary side panel sections each
sections each being scored to deñne a second flap
being provided With one of a second pair of aligned
section at one corner of the sheet of material,
transverse scores parallel to the first pair of trans
each of said second flap sections being adapted
verse scores, the second transverse score on each
to have hinged relation to its respective auxiliary
auxiliary side panel section deiining a ñap sec
side panel section about an axis extending longi»
tion adapted for hinged relation to its respective
tudinally of said- sheet.
3. A surgical splint o1"- the class described com 25 auxiliary side panel section about said second
transverse score when the sheet is severed along
prising a sheet of pliant material provided with
the íirst transverse scores and longitudinally oi
a plurality of parallel scores extending longitudi
the sheet intermediate one of the transverse
nally oi said sheet and a pair of aligned trans
of the latter extending from one of opposite sides
of the base panel section, an end panel section
verse scores, each of the latter extending from
one side edge of the sheet equidistantly inwardly 30
thereof perpendicular to the longitudinal scores,
said scores deñning a base panel section, main
scores of each of the first and second pairs.
5. A surgical splint of the class described com~
prising a sheet of pliant material provided with
a plurality of parallel scores extending longitudi
nally of said sheet and a pair of aligned trans
verse scores, each of the latter extending from
tion, an end panel section extending from one 35 one side edge of the sheet equidistantly inwardly
side panel sections, each of the latter extending
from one of opposite sides of the base panel sec
thereof perpendicular t0 the longitudinal scores,
end of the base panel section intermediate said
said scores defining a base panel section, main
transverse scores, and auxiliary side panel sec
side panel sections, each of the latter extending
tions, each of the latter extending from one of
from one of opposite sides of the base panel sec
opposite sides of the end panel section and adapt
ed for hinged relation to the latter when the 40 tion, an end panel section extending from one
end of the base panel section intermediate said
sheet is severed along said transverse scores, said
transverse scores, and auxiliary side panel sec
auxiliary side panel sections each being provided
tions, each of the latter extending from one of
with one of a second pair of aligned transverse
opposite sides of the end panel section and adapt
scores parallel to the first pair of transverse
scores, the second transverse score on each aux 45 ed for hinge movement relative to the latter when 5
the sheet is severed along said transverse scores,
iiiary side panel section defining a flap section
said auxiliary side panel sections each being pro
adapted for hinged relation to its respective aux
vided With one of a second pair of aligned trans
iliary side panel section about said second trans
verse scores parallel to the other transverse scores
verse score when the sheet is severed along the
ñrst transverse scores and longitudinally of the 50 and defining, with a respective longitudinal score.
a ñap section adapted for hinged relation to its
sheet intermediate one of the transverse scores
respective auxiliary side panel section when the
of each of the first and second pairs, said aux
sheet of material is severed along the transverse
iliary side panel sections each being provided with
scores of the second pair.
one of a third pair of aligned transverse scores
parallel to the other transverse scores and de 55
WALTER J. CRAWFORD.
fining, with a respective longitudinal score, a sec
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