Oct. 15, 1946. J. LE R. BANKS 2,409,237 TOY TYPEWRITER mm May 2. 1945 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 61 '1} 10 21'; 1'1' 4'0 42 41152 63 3mm: an Oct. 15, 1946. J_ LE; ‘R, BANKS ' ‘ _ 2,409,237“ TOY TYPEWRITER Filed Maya, 1945 . 0'2‘ I. O 6 ‘ '2 Sheets-Sheet 2 -- ' r I ‘ I ,46 4g 40 ' - _'‘___'F _ _ _ _ _ _______—-,_—.___/‘___ _"\_-'_“‘\_______‘1 ‘2825 29 "W],/ MQ” ' %z arm/Ml?" ' Patented Oct. 15, 1946 2,409,237 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICEv 2,409,237 TOY TYPEWRITER Joseph Le Roy Banks, Baltimore, Md., assignor to Joseph L. Schilling, John C. Doig, and Irving G. Rubin, doing business as J. L. Schilling Co. Substituted for abandoned application Serial No. 34,085, July 31, 1935. This application May 2, 1945, Serial No. 591,443 I 9 Claims. (Cl. 197-47) l. 2 The invention relates to a toy typewriter cap able of being manufactured at a low cost, of durable construction, and of easy operation. The invention is shown in the accompanying drawings in which I Figure 1 is a plan view of the typewriter. Fig. 2 is a vertical central section from front to rear of the machine. ' Fig. 3 is a plan view of the slidable carriage , riage has a top Sand depending sides 9, at front, rear and laterally. The lateral sides as shown in Fig. 4 have laterally extending foot portions ID, see also Fig‘. 8, which are adapted to slide in ways formed by striking up tongues II, from a sheet metal base plate 12 so as to overlie the said foot portions, and thus guide the type wheel carriage in its movement towards and from the platen I3, which holds the paper to be printed for the type wheel and a pawl and rack means 10 upon, this paper being indicated at 1L‘, Fig- 2 for operating the paper carriage. There is a post l4 extending up from the type Fig. 4 is a front view of Fig, 3. wheel carriage ‘I through anreyelet 15, said post Fig. 5 is a view of the platen and paper car- having head on its lower end engaging the eye riage. let. The upper ?ange of this eyelet overlies the Fig. 6 is a plan view of a part of the paper 15 type wheel or disc and holds it down to its work. This eyelet also clamps the spring arm of the carriage in section, with the rack and pawl for operating the same step by step. detent 6 in place. Turnable about the postthere Fig. 7 is a side View of a detent wheel and de- _ tent for determining line spacing of the platen. Fig. 8 is a view looking from the rear showing the slidable type wheel carriage, the inking rib bon with its guide, shield, and operating means mounted on said carriage to move therewith in one body. Y is a ?nger button l6, which has a ?ange or base portion I‘! having notches receiving ?ngers l8 struck up from the type wheel or disc and ex tending up through an index disc [9 also made of stamped sheet metal. This disc on its upper surface carries a series of characters, as letters, numbers, punctuation marks and a mark or word indicating “space,” said characters correspond Fig. 9 is a view of the ribbon shield, guide and support in the form in which it is stamped out ing to the type on the face of the type wheel strip, and corresponding also with the radial of sheet metal before being bent to shape. Fig. 10 is a top plan view of the type wheel position of said type. When, therefore, the?nger and associated parts. button 16 is turned to bring the desired type Fig. 11 is a face view of part of the type carrier 30 member to the point P in Fig. 1 at the radial and strip. center line from front to back of the machine, said type member will be in proper position to Fig. 12 is a detail of a modi?ed means of op erating the paper carriage. do the printing. The impression of this type character upon the paper will take place by mov The type wheel I is composed of a sheet metal disc‘ capable of being formed by dies and having a depending ?ange 2 to which a type strip 3 is attached by its ends 4, Fig. 10, passing through ing the type wheel carriage rearwardly, in its sliding guide ways II, and ‘this movement can be performed by the operator pressing upon a ?nger lever 20 pivotally mounted at 2| in a suitable sheet metal bracket 22 ?xed to the base may be made of thin material carrying the type 40 I2 of the machine by foot portions passing through slots in the base and bent against the 5 which may be embossed in the strip or other underside of the base plate. This lever is stamped wise formed and applied thereto. This type strip out of sheet metal with pintles or pivots integral rests upon a lip 2a at the lower edge of the ?ange 2. The type Wheel or disc is also provided with a therewith to bear in openings in the bracket. series of recesses or sockets la shaped by bending 45 The ?nger lever has a depending arm 20a worke ing against a cam section or abutment 9a pressed the sheet metal of the type wheel arranged in a circle adapted to be engaged by a spring detent 6 out of the wall of the type wheel carrier, so that by which the type wheel when turned will be when the ?nger lever is depressed the type wheel arrested and centered when the desired type carriage will be moved rearwardly to make the member has been brought to the printing point, type lying at the point P impress the character as will be hereinafter referred to. The spring upon the paper. The abutment 9a. which is arm of this detent is clamped in place against stamped or pressed from the sheet metal of the the under side of the type wheel carrier 1 which type wheel carrier adds strength to the front also is made of comparatively thin sheet metal wall of said carrier so that it will resist distortion which may be stamped up into shape. This car 65 resulting from the pressure of the ?nger lever. an opening in the said ?ange and being bent into substantially hook form. This type strip 2,409,237 3 The carrier may be made of thin sheet metal, this being true of most parts of the machine. Springs 23 return the type wheel carriage to normal position away from the platen of the 4 The type are of zinc pressed from a strip of said material. The shield may be constructed to yield adjacent the opening where the type posi tioned for printing is located, so that contact of adjacent type with said shield will not result in damage. Contributing to this yielding effect is the soft rubber covering of the platen. plying power to make the impression I prefer The shield opening may be of such size as to to use the ?nger lever 20 as just described, but 7 permit only one type to pass through it to the I do not limit myself to this. The ?nger button l6 after having been turned to bring the desired 10 platen. The platen is mounted to turn in bear ings of a frame or carriage made up of upstand type character to the position opposite the print ing end members 38 connected at their lower ends ing point on the platen may be used to make the by the plate portion 39 stiffened by a ?ange 40, impression in which action the operator would Fig. 2, bent up from said plate 39. There is a simply exert pressure on the ?nger button rear depending skirt portion 4| at the forward edge of wardly to slide the type carrier. The use of the the plate 39, and this skirt portion or ?ange has ?nger lever 20 is preferred because it not only a horizontal foot portion or ?ange 42 engaged simulates to some degree the ordinary action by an overlying guide ?ange or ?anges 43 struck in making an impression by striking or pressing up from the sheet metal of the base l2. a key lever in the ordinary standard machine, This platen carriage is also guided and sup but also the power applied by the ?nger to this ported in proper position by a plate 44 formed ?nger lever is transmitted to or near the base of sheet metal corrugated lengthwise at 45, and. portion of the carrier where it is guided by the having a lip or ?ange 4S overlying the ?ange 40 foot portions thereof and the guide ?anges ||. of the platen carrier frame. The corrugated The springs 23 are arranged close to the points plate or bar 44 may be ?xed to the main base l2 where the carrier is guided by its foot portions by solder or otherwise. l0 and they exert their pull in lines parallel with The platen carrier frame is stamped and bent the direction of a motion of the carrier. One from sheet metal. Its front skirt portion 4| is spring being at each side a balanced action is provided with rack teeth 41 which are impressed secured. therein or struck up therefrom by a stamping The inking ribbon 25 is mounted to move action. The teeth are to be engaged by a feed bodily with the type wheel or disc and its car pawl 48, which is pivotally mounted at 49, Figs. riage, so that when the latter is in its normal 1 and 3, in a bracket 50 on the rear face of the forward position, by reason of the springs 23 carrier for the type wheel. This pawl is under having returned said carriage to its forward posi tension of a spring 5| tending to hold the pawl tion, the printing point on the platen and the with its end in the relation to the rack of the matter printed on the paper will be exposed, thus platen carrier as shown in Fig. 1, the tail portion giving to the machine the character of one 48a of this pawl acting as a stop. When the type performing visible writing. wheel carrier is moved rearwardly for making The ribbon is carried by spools 26 whose shafts are vertically disposed and journalled in brackets 40 the impression on the paper, the pawl 48 will partake of this rearward movement and it will 21 of a frame of sheet metal, which also pro engage a tooth of the rack bar 41 and as the vides a shield 28 to prevent the ribbon from rearward movement continues, the pawl 48 will smudging the paper. This shield has an open tend to assume a position nearer parallel with ing 29 which exposes the ribbon at the printing the rack, withv the result that the rack, together point. It also has arms 39 provided with openings with the paper carriage, will be moved leftward‘ 3| to receive rivets or other fastening devices 32. one step, and this action will be repeated when which secure the entire ribbon support to the ever the type wheel carriage is moved rearward carriage. This frame is stamped out of sheet to make an impression. The platen frame by metal, one of the bracket portions or ears 21 reason of its frictional engagement in its guide being stamped out of the body of the metal with ways and by reason of the additional frictional a bearing opening 27a for the journal of the rib resistance derived by a leaf spring 52, Fig. 2, bon spool and the other bracket portion or ear 2‘! attached to one of said parts, platen carrier, or being stamped from the edge portion of the its supporting frame work, and bearing on the metal. The blank form of Fig. 9 is bent on the paper carriage when pressure of the ?nger on lever 20 is withdrawn. In this operation of ap line 33, so as to provide a horizontal ?ange on . other, will remain in the position to which it the shield plate at the upper edge thereof, as at 34, which overlies the upper edge of the ribbon is necessary, and no spring is employed to move has been moved by the pawl 48. No escapement' and guides it against upward displacement. the platen carriage along its guide way. Other There is also a ?ange 34a struck out from the sheet metal which when bent into horizontal forms of platen operating means may be em ployed such as that shown in Fig. 12. This involves a toothed wheel I52, engaging a rack 53 in the form of a perforated plate on the position guides the lower edge of the ribbon. This ?ange portion 34a is struck out from the sheet along the lines a, b, c, d. It is bent along the line e into horizontal position. In striking out this portion for making the ?ange 34a, the portion 30 is made at the same time, this portion when split furnishing the arms for attaching the shield to the type wheel carrier. The vertically extending shafts of the ribbon spools are provided with ?nger pieces 35 at their upper ends which are thus readily accessible for operation by the child, in bringing a fresh part of the ribbon to the printing point. The platen is composed of a comparatively soft rubber sleeve 38 mounted on a wooden core 31. platen carrier. The toothed wheel is operated by a two armed pallet 54 having two toothed ends 55 and 55, to control the operation. This pallet is pivoted intermediate its length at 51. It is under tension of a spring 58 tending to keep its detent tooth. 56 in engagement with the toothed wheel. This pallet is operated by a projection 59 on the rear wallof the type wheel carrier en gaging a pin 60 on the pallet. At 5! is shown a guide for the insertion of the paper. Small rubber members 62 hold the paper against the platen. These are supported by a rod 63 which tie the carriage frame parts 38 5 2,409,237 6 together. Most of the parts are made of stamp ings, and most of the connections are made by parts stamped out of one part and bent into con nection with another part, which contributes to of said plate. mass production at low cost. The carrier for the type wheel is in the form of a shell rectangular or substantially square in 3. A typewriter comprising a type wheel, a car rier therefor having a horizontal top plate on which said type wheel is mounted to turn about sheet metal plate and one of the ?anges is stamped out from the body of the plate, the latter leaving portions for providing the attaching arms horizontal cross section, thus providing front and a vertical axis, said carrier being substantially rear depending walls parallel with each other, rectangular in horizontal cross section, a platen and also side walls which are parallel with each 10 towards and from which the carrier with its type other. This form of carrier lends itself to proper wheel is guided, a ribbon extending across the guidance because the lower edges of its side walls rear face of the type wheel, a supporting frame are straight and are adapted to move in straight for said ribbon having arms extending forwardly lines backward and forward. The ?at sides lend intermediate of its length and attached to the themselves to the ready assembly of the spiral 15 side of the carrier, said ribbon supporting frame springs 23 with their axes parallel with the line having ribbon spool bearings thereon out beyond of movement of the carrier. the points where said arms are located. These ?at sides also lend themselves to the 4. A typewriter comprising a platen, a type employment of the arms 30 for supporting the‘ wheel of sheet metal rotating in a horizontal ribbon and its spools and shield plate because plane, a carrier for the type wheel having a top these arms can ?nd bearings against the ?at plate above which the type wheel is mounted, parallel sides of the carrier. The rear ?at wall said type wheel having detent receiving recesses of the carrier furnishes a convenient support for stamped therein, a spring detent mounted on the the pawl or the operating means therefor. and under side of the top plate of said carrier, a post the ?at wall of the front of the carrier aifords extending up from the top plate of the carrier material from which the cam or abutment 9a of about which the type wheel turns, a ?nger button the carrier may be upset. turnable about said post, said type wheel having a A guard 65, supported from the i2 by projection struck up therefrom engaging a part tongues 66 interlocking with slots or openings in of the ?nger button by which the type wheel may said base may extend around the major portion 30 be turned. of the type wheel to protect the type Carrying 5. A typewriter having a type wheel, a carrier strip. having a top plate, a ?anged eyelet pivotally con The platen may be turned by a ?nger wheel 54. necting the type wheel with the carrier top, a It will be noted that while I have provided a post extending through the eyelet, a ?nger button typewriter as a toy for the amusement of the turnable on the post and a projection extending operator, the invention has not only an education from the type wheel and engaging the ?nger value in the sense that a child will get practice button. in forming words and sentences, but training in 6. A typewriter according to claim 5 in which skillful manipulation of apparatus will be a result the eyelet holds in place a detent for the type of its use, the toy being one that calls for some 40 wheel on the under side of said top plate, said degree of precision in its proper use. For spacing the paper carriage along without detent extending through the top plate to engage the type wheel. printing there is a wide space in the circle of 7. A typewriter comprising a type wheel, a characters marked “space” in Fig. 1. By turn carrier therefor having a top plate, a post ex ing the type wheel to bring this “space” to the i.) tending up from the top plate, a ?nger button printing point any number of spacing actions may .turnable on said post, said type plate having de be effected without printing. tent receiving recesses stamped therein, and hav As shown in Figs. 1, 5, and 7a, spacing wheel ing a projection stamped therefrom and engag [35c and a detent i311 are employed at the left ing a part of the ?nger button to be turned there hand end of the paper carriage for spacing the 50 by, and an index plate above the type wheel car rotary movements of the platen I3. rying characters corresponding to the type on This is a re-?led application of my previous said type wheel, said struck-up projection pass application, Serial Number 34,085, ?led July 31, ing through the said index plate. 1935. 8. A typewriter comprising a type wheel struck I claim: up from sheet metal with a downwardly extend 1. A typewriter comprising a. platen, a type ing peripheral ?ange terminating in a horizon wheel, a carrier for the type wheel to move it tally extending lip, a type strip carrying the type, towards and from the platen, an inking ribbon, supported by said lip by resting on edge thereon ribbon spools, and a member for mounting the said ribbon and its spools on said carrier and for 60 and the outer face of said ?ange, said strip hav ing its ends turned into hook form and passing guiding the said ribbon comprising a sheet metal through the ?ange. stamping having an opening for access of the 9. A typewriter comprising a type wheel, a car type to the printing point, arms on opposite sides rier therefor composed of sheet metal having a of the line of movement of the carrier for attach top to which the type wheel is journaled, said ment to the sides of said carrier, ears extending carrier being of substantially rectangular form horizontally from the plate having bearing open in horizontal cross section and provided at its ings for the vertical journals of the ribbon spools, and ?anges extending forwardly and horizontally front wall with a pressed out abutment or cam from the upper and lower edges of said sheet metal stamping for guiding the ribbon. 2. A typewriter according to claim 1 in which one of the ears is stamped from the body of the along said abutment. portion, and a ?nger lever pivotally supported and having a tail portion extending downwardly JOSEPH LE ROY BANKS.