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"01>. a‘ 15,} 1946.
w. GERSOHN
_
> 2,409359
COLLAPSIBLE GARMENT HANGER
Filed March 12, 1945
_
INVENTOR._
WILL/m qeRsvmv
WWW
Patented Oct. 15, 1946
2,409,269
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,409,269‘
COLLAPSIBLE GARMENT HANGER
William Gcrsohn, Yonkers, N. Y.
Application March 12, 1945, Serial No. 582,223
9‘ Claims. (01. 223-89)
1
2
This invention relates to new and useful im
provements in garment hangers and has more
particular reference to a collapsible garment
is another important feature, since this operation
is much faster than one requiring that each gar
ment hanger be individually collapsed.
More particularly, it is proposed to characterize
the new collapsible garment hanger by the fact
that it includes a stationary section,‘ preferably
hanger,
The new and improved collapsible garment
hanger is particularly intended for manufac
turers, wholesalers, and retailers of ladies’ and
consisting of a shoulder piece connected with the
supporting hook of the hanger, and a pivotally
of trade is using inexpensive cardboard hangers.
connected section, consisting of the other shoul
It is customary to support large groups of dresses 10 der piece, which is pivotally connected with the
stationary section to swing upwards and down
by these hangers next to each other on support
children’s dresses.
At the present time this class
wards. A very important feature of the inven
racks. When it becomes necessary to ship the
tion resides in the fact thatinterengageable lim
garments, the hangers should be removed. How
iting elements are provided on the stationary
ever, the hangers cannot be easily removed, be
cause usually the neck openings of the dresses 15 section and on the pivotal shoulder piece ar
ranged normally to support the pivotal shoulder
are too small to permit convenient removal
through the neck. It then becomes necessary to
piece in a horizontal position, and said limiting
elements being resiliently urged to separate from
remove the hangers through the bottoms of the
garments. The labor cost in so removing the
each other when the pivotal shoulder piece is lift
hangers, and in individually handling the gar 20 ed a short distance, whereupon the pivotal shoul
der piece is freed, and may be collapsed down
ments to do this, is higher than the cost of the
paper hangers. For this reason it is customary
wards. Now the hanger may be removed throughv
the neck opening. It will be readily seen that
in the trade to break one of the shoulder pieces of
the cardboard hangers so that they may be easily
with this new construction a group of dresses
removed through the neck openings of the gar 25 may be held by the stationary sections of the
hangers, and the pivotal sections may be piv
ments.
While the hangers are relatively cheap, they add
oted upwards, through the material of the gar
up to quite an item with manufacturers, reach
ments, by one motion of the hand, so that all
of the pivotal shoulder pieces are freed and may
ing upwards of $500.00 a month for even medium
sized ?rms. For this reason some concerns at 30 be pivoted downwards permitting the entire group
tempt to salvage the broken hangers by placing
of hangers to be removed through the neckopen
two broken hangers together and securing them
ings of the garments.
together with staples. Now these mended double
The invention contemplates numerous modi?ed
hangers are used in the same Way as the original
forms. In one such form, the new and improved
hangers. When it becomes necessary to ship the 3:VI collapsible garment hanger is constructed of
dresses they are broken and discarded. Some
cardboard, ?berboard, thermo-plastic or other
?rms do not even bother to break hangers, but
similar sheet materials. In another form itis
ship the garments with the hangers in them.
constructed of wire resembling very much a com
This invention proposes collapsible garment
mon wire garment hanger. In still another form,
hangers which may be easily collapsed while 40 the new cardboard garment hanger is reinforced
maintaining positions upon a supporting rack
with metal clips at the points, or areas where
permitting the hangers to remain in position,
the pivotal shoulder piece engages against, or
on the supporting rack while the dresses are
rests upon the stationary section of the garment
slipped down off the collapsed hangers. It is
hanger.
proposed to so construct the collapsible hangers 45
Still further the invention proposes the con
that a group of dresses may be grasped at one
struction of a new and improved garment hanger
as briefly described, which is exceptionally simple,
relatively durable, very desirable and which may
time, for example, a half. a dozen, or so, and
simultaneously the hangers of the entire group
may be collapsed so that each individual hanger
may remain on the rack, as the dresses are re
moved.
This is a great saving in labor, and in
be manufactured and sold at a low cost.
50
For further comprehension of the invention,
and of the objects and advantages thereof, ref
erence will be had to the following description
and accompanying drawing, and to the appended
hangers. It eliminates the necessity of break
ing the hangers for quick removal through the
claims in which the various novel features of the
neck openings. The fact that they may be col
lapsed While a group of dresses is being handled, 55 invention are more particularly'set forth.
2,409,269
3
4
In the accompanying drawing forming a mate
rial part of this disclosure:
the prior form distinguishing merely in the fact
that reinforcement clips l9, preferably made of
sheet metal, are engaged upon the contacting
edge portions of the interengaged limiting ele
ments I6 and I1. These clips reinforce the edge
portions preventing rapid wearing out, or bending
Fig. l is a. side elevational view of a collapsible
garment hanger, constructed in accordance with
this invention.
Fig. 2 is a fragmentary enlarged end view of
Fig. 1, looking in the direction of the-line 2-2
thereof.
or damaging of the contacting edge portions. In
this way the life of the hanger is increased. Fur
thermore, because of the reinforcement clips l9
Fig. 3 is a side elevational view similar to Fig.
1 but illustrated with the pivotal shoulder piece 10 it is possible to construct the hangers of thinner,
or lighter weight cardboard, or other desirable
in a raised position.
materials.
Fig. 4 is an end view looking in the direction of
In Figs. 7 to 9 inclusive, still another form of
the line 4—4 of Fig. 3.
the invention has been disclosed which is very
Fig. 5 is an elevation view of another collapsible
garment hanger constructed in accordance with 15 similar to the prior form distinguishing merely
in the fact that the garment hanger is construct
a modi?ed form of this invention.‘
ed of wire instead of sheet material. This new
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary sectional view taken
wire garment hanger has a stationary section 20
on the line 6-6 of Fig. 5.
consisting of a shoulder piece 2| connected with
Fig. '7 is another side elevational view of still
another collapsible garment hanger embodying 20 a hook 22. A movable shoulder piece 24 is piv
otally connected with the stationary section 20 by
another form of this invention.
a pintle member, or rivet 25 so that it may swing
Fig. 8 is a side elevational view of the pivotal
upwards and downwards. The stationary wire
shoulder piece of the hanger shown in Fig. '7.
section 20 follows the outline of the correspond
Fig. 9 is a side elevational view of the station
ary section of the hanger shown in Fig. 7.
25 ing stationary sections in the prior forms of the
invention, departing merely in the fact that the
The collapsible garment hanger, in accordance
wire continues into a loop portion 30 used as a
with that form of the invention illustrated in
socket for the pintle member, or rivet 25. The
Figs. 1 to 4 inclusive includes a stationary sec
shoulder piece 24 also follows the contour of the
tion 10 consisting of a shoulder piece I I connected
with and supported by a hook l2. A movable 30 movable shoulder pieces in the prior forms of the
invention departing in the provision of a loop 3|
shoulder piece [4 is pivotally connected by a
to form another socket for the pintle member, or
pintle member or rivet IS with the stationary
rivet 25. The shoulder pieces 2| and 24 overlap
section ID to swing upwards and downwards. In
su?iciently so that they support each other while
terengaging limiting elements [6 and IT on the
pivoting and assist the pintle member or rivet 25
pivotal shoulder piece l4 and on the stationary
in ?rmly pivotally connecting the shoulder pieces.
section II), respectively, normally support the
The shoulder piece 24 and the stationary section
pivotal shoulder piece M in a horizontal position.
20 have interengaged limiting elements 26 and 21,
These interengaging limiting elements t6 and i’!
respectively, which normally engage each other
are resiliently urged to separate when the shoul
der piece i4 is moved, or lifted. When thus 40 for supporting the shoulder piece 24 in its hori
zontal position. These interengaged limiting ele
moved the shoulder piece I4 is freed, and the
ments 26 and 21 are resiliently urged to separate
hanger may be collapsed.
due to the inherent resiliency of the stationary
The limiting elements I6 and I‘! are in the
section 20 and the movable shoulder piece 24,
nature of projecting portions, which are adapted
to hook together, or engage each other in any 45 when the shoulder piece 24 is lifted, or moved,
whereupon the shoulder piece 24 is freed and may
way, so as to limit pivoting or moving of the
be moved downwards.
shoulder piece M. The inherent resiliency of
The operation of the new and improved col
the material from which the stationary section
lapsible garment hanger may be understood from
10, or the movable shoulder piece M, or both of
these parts are made, is depended upon to pro 50 the following:
It is intended that the new hangers be particu
vide the necessary resiliency for urging the lim
larly used where large quantities of ladies’ and
iting elements I6 and I1 apart. For this reason
children's dresses are manufactured or handled.
it is necessary that the shoulder piece l4 and the
Suchusers would be manufacturers, wholesalers,
stationary section If] to be slightly manually
twisted, relative to each other, when the shoul 55 and retailers. The new garment hanger may be
individually inserted into the neck opening of the
der piece i4 is moved downwards, to set the
hanger into its operative position. For example,
garment by moving the movable shoulder piece
in Fig. 3 it is necessary that the shoulder piece [4
be pivoted backwards relative to the stationary
section In to interengage the limiting elements It
and I1. These elements are shown interengaged
in Figs. 1 and 2. Whenever the shoulder piece
I4 is raised to the position shown in Fig. 3, or
above this position, the parts return to’ their
normal positions, as illustrated in Fig. 4, in which 65
the stationary section I0 is in a plane adjacent
the movable shoulder piece I4. Now the shoul
der piece l4 may be pivoted downwards for col- :
lapsing the hanger. The stationary section II]
and the movable shoulder piece [4 may be con 70
into a collapsed position. Then the movable
shoulder piece may be raised and slightly twisted
relative to the stationary section of the hanger
to cause the interengageable elements to inter
engage each other and lock, or hold the movable
shoulder piece in its horizontal position. The
garments may now be hung up by the hangers,
upon support racks, or other places.
When it becomes necessary to ship, or handle
structed of cardboard, ?berboard, thermoplastic
or other boards, or materials, which are somewhat
springy.
'
large quantities of dresses, the hangers may be
removed. To do this, a group of the hangers are
gripped with one hand and with the other hand
the movable shoulder pieces are raised through
the material of the garments. This causes the in
terengaged limiting elements to disengage from
each other automatically because they were resili
In Figs. 5 and 6 a modi?ed form of the inven-1
ently being urged into separated positions while tion has been disclosed which is very similar to 75 the movable shoulder pieces were in their horizon
2,409,269
5
6
tal positions. Now that the movable shoulder
pieces are free, they may be collapsed downwards
and the hangers quickly drawn out of the dresses,
on said stationary section and on said shoulder
piece supporting said shoulder piece in a horizon
tal position, and said ‘limiting element on said
shoulder piece being directed downwards and re
or other garments.
While I have illustrated and described the pre C31 siliently urged laterally to separate said other
limiting element when said shoulder piece is
ferred embodiments of my invention, it is to be
lifted, whereupon said shoulder piece is freed to
understood that I do not limit myself to the pre
be collapsed downwards, said stationary section
cise constructions herein disclosed and the right
and said movable shoulder piece being inherent
is reserved to all changes and modi?cations com
ing within the scope of the invention as de?ned 10 ly springy to provide said resilient urge.
6. In a garment hanger having a stationary
in the appended claims.
section, a shoulder piece movably connected with
Having thus described my invention, what I
said stationary section to swing upwards and
claim as new and desire to secure by United States.
downwards, and interengaged limiting, elements
Letters Patent is:
1. In a garment hanger having a stationary 15 on said stationary section and on said shoulder
piece supporting said shoulder piece in a hori
section, a shoulder piece movably connected with
zontal position, and said limiting element on said
said stationary section to swing upwards and
shoulder piece being directed downwards and re
downward, and interengaged limiting elements
siliently urged laterally to separate said other
on said stationary section and on said shoulder
piece supporting said shoulder piece in a hori 20 limiting element when said shoulder piece is
lifted, whereupon said shoulder piece is freed to
zontal position, and said limiting element on said
be collapsed downwards, said limiting elements
shoulder piece being directed downwards and
resiliently urged laterally to separate said other
being integral with said stationary section and
with said shoulder piece and being flexed one
limiting element when said shoulder piece is
lifted, whereupon said shoulder piece is freed to 25 back of the other for constituting said interen
be collapsed downwards.
_
2. In a garment hanger having a stationary
section, a shoulder piece movably connected with
said stationary section to swing upwards and
downwards, and interengaged limiting elements
on said stationary section and on said shoulder
piece supporting said shoulder piece in a horizon
tal position, and said limiting element on said
shoulder piece being directed downwards and
gaged condition.
7. In a garment hanger having a stationary
section a shoulder piece movably connected with
said stationary section to swing upwards and
downwards, and interengaged limiting elements
on said stationary section and on said shoulder
piece supporting said shoulder piece in a horizon
tal position, and said limiting element on said
shoulder piece being directed downwards and re
resiliently urged laterally to separate said other 35 siliently urged laterally to separate said other
limiting element when said shoulder piece is
limiting element when said shoulder piece is
lifted, whereupon said shoulder piece is freed to
be collapsed downwards, said interengaged limit
ing elements being integral with said stationary
ection and with said movable shoulder pieces.
41
3. In a garment hanger having a stationary
section, a shoulder piece movably connected with
said stationary section to swing upwards and
lifted, whereupon said shoulder piece is freed to
be collapsed downwards, and reinforcement clips
engaged upon said limiting elements at the con
tacting edge portions thereof.
8. In a garment hanger having a stationary
section, a shoulder piece movably connected with
said stationary section to swing upwards and
downwards, and interengaged limiting elements
downwards, and interengaged limiting elements
on said stationary section and on said shoulder
piece supporting said shoulder piece in a horizon
tal position, and said limiting element on said
shoulder piece being directed downwards and re
on said stationary section and On said shoulder
piece supporting said shoulder piece in a horizon
tal position, and said limiting element on said
shoulder piece being directed downwards and re
downwards, and interengaged limiting elements
with said stationary section, and said shoulder
siliently urged laterally to separate said other
siliently urged laterally to separate said other
limiting element when said shoulder piece is 50 limiting element when said shoulder piece is
lifted, whereupon said shoulder piece is freed to
lifted, whereupon said shoulder piece is freed to
be collapsed downwards, said stationary section
be collapsed downwards, said movable shoulder
and said shoulder piece being of wire material,
piece being inherently springy to provide said
and ioop portions being formed in said wire ma
resilient urge.
,
4. In a garment hanger having a stationary 55 terial to form socket openings, and a pintle mem
ber engaged through said socket openings for piv-v
section, a shoulder piece movably connected with
otally connecting said movable shoulder piece
said stationary section to swing upwards and
piece and stationary section overlapping for as
piece supporting said shoulder piece in a horizon 60 sisting said pintle member in ?rmly pivotally con
necting said parts.
>
tal position, and said limiting element on said
9. In a garment hanger having a stationary
shoulder piece being directed downwards and
section, a shoulder piece pivotally connected with
resiliently urged laterally to separate said other
said stationary section to swing upwards and
limiting element when said shoulder piece is
lifted, whereupon said shoulder piece is freed to 65 downwards, and interengaged limiting elements
on said stationary section and on said shoulder
be collapsed downwards, said stationary section
being inherently springy to provide said resilient
urge.
5. In a garment hanger having a. stationary
section, a shoulder piece movably connected with 70
said stationary section to swing upwards and
downwards, and interengaged limiting elements
on said stationary section and on said shoulder
piece supportingsaid shoulder piece in a horizon
tal position and resiliently urged to separate when
said shoulder piece is moved upwards, whereupon
said shoulder piece is free to be collapsed down
wards.
'
WILLIAM GERSOHN.
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