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N HOLS C L Aw
` ToNsoRIAL DEVICE
Filed Feb. 8, 1945
2,409,281
2,409,281
Patented Oct. 15, 1946
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,409,281
TON SORIAL DEVICE
Neil Holsclaw, Los Angeles, Calif., assignor of -
one-half to Fred E. Sudlow, Rock Island, Ill.
Application February 8, 1945, Serial No. 576,795
8 Claims. (Cl. 30-213)
2
l
Fig. 2 is a side view thereof.
This invention relates to improvements in hair
cutting devices and more particularly to an im
plement having all the features of a hair clipper,
I
a comb and a pair of shears embodied in a unitary
Figs. 3, 4, 5 and 6 are cross-sectional views
taken on the lines 3_3, «1_-4, 5-5 and B--Iì re
spectively of Fig. 2.
device, all in cooperative relationship to each
other.
When cutting a head of hair, normally a pair
of the cutters and particularly the resilient clip
means for holding the cutters in assembled rela
of scissors, a hair clipper, and a comb are used
tion.
Fig. 7 is an elevational view showing an edge
->
to do the job. The comb must be used when
either the clipper or the scissors is used; there
fore, to do the job both hands of the hair cutter
Referring in detail to the drawing, the handle
members I and 2 are pivotally held together in
operative relation by bolt 3 in the usual manner
must be used at all times. The comb is nor
mally used to lift the hair to a desired length,
then the hair is out over the comb, either with
a pair of shears or a clipper. It is the main ob 15
shears or scissors. The stationary guide' bar 4,
is generally of I-shaped construction in .cross-sec
tion te form a pair of channels or slideways 5
ject of this invention to combine all of these tools
in one implement and to produce a device which
and in form approximate corresponding parts of
and 6, and is provided with a lateral extension
'E having a bore 8 therein. The extension por
tion “I of the guide bar 4 is positioned between
the handle members I and. 2 and held ythere
a device which is so simple that any one can cut
between by the bolt 3 which is threaded through
20
his own head of hair Without having the skill of
the bore 8.
an expert barber; to provide such a device in
A pair of link arms 9 and IB are arranged to
which both sides of the clipper may be used, there
seat in the channels or slideways 5 and B’respec
by producing a tool which may be used with
tively and to be shiftable therein. The terminal
either the left or right-hand of the operator.
Other objects of this invention are to provide 25 ends of each of links 9 and I0 are secured to the
handle members 2 and I respectively by rivets,
a new and improved tool which may be used
or the like, I I and I2 respectively, so as to impart
either as a clipper, a comb or a shears, all three
reciprocating movement to the link arms upon
being combined in a unitary structure; to provide
the closing of the handle members I and 2. Re
a device of this character having a pair ofA coact
30 ferring to Fig. 2, it will be apparent that when
ing elongated toothed cutter members, each mem
handle member I is moved towards handle mem-'
ber arranged to be reciprocated in opposite di
ber 2, the movement of link arm I0 will be to the
rections simultaneously by manipulation of a pair
left, while the movement of handle member I
of pivoted handle members; to provide a device
will cause the link arm 9 to move towards the
of this character having a resilient clip member
to retain the cutter members in assembled rela 35 right; therefore, the link arms will move in op
posite directions upon the closing of the handle
tionship; to provide a device of this character
is far superior to known devices; to provide such
having no protruding parts extending beyond
members I and 2.
'
The handle members I and 2 will automatically
open or return to the positionshown in Fig. 2 by
a device of this character wherein the cutter
the action of the compression spring I3Á which is
members are operable on two faces thereof; to _40
secured therebetween in any suitable manner. `
provide a device of this character having a pair
The cutters or toothed members I4 and I5
of pivoted handles and a pair of link arms, each
are identical in design and construction, having
pivotally secured at one end to one of the han
relatively long slightly tapered teeth I6, the ta
dles and at the other end to one of the cutter
pers also running laterally (see both Figs. l and
members respectively, and spaced apart by a sta 45 2) so that when placed in coacting relation to
tionary guide bar whereby to cause each cutter
each other, the composite structure thereof re
member to reciprocate in an opposite direction
sembles a wide toothed comb. The members I4
upon manipulation of the handles; and to pro
and I5 are each respectively provided with a
the outer faces of the cutter members; to provide
Vide a device of this character which is simple
channel I'I and I8, whereby to form a slideway
in construction and operation and relatively in 50 for the guide bar 4, and position the members
expensive to manufacture.
I4 and I5 with respect to each other.
A specific embodiment of this invention is
The toothed members I4 and I5 are secured to
shown in the accompanying drawing wherein:
link arms 9 and I0 respectively by rivets, or the
Figure 1 is an elevational View of my invention
looking down at the cutter teeth.
` '
55 like, I9 and 20 respectively, wherebythe-move
2,409,281
3
4
ment of link arms 9 and I9 is translated to the
toothed members I4 and I5 respectively.
Each toothed member I4 and I5 is recessed
and provided with cut-out portions 2I and
grooves 22‘, whereby to receive spring clips 23
which retain the members I4 and I5 in coactive
provided with a blunt point whereby to prevent
scratching or cutting the skin of the user. This
feature is especially shown in Fig. 3. It is also
to be noted in Fig. 3 that each tooth is tapered
on three of its four sides, the taper running to
the tip or free end of the tooth, while the fourth
relationship. As will be apparent from Figs. 3
side, which is the inner face of the tooth, lies in
and 6, the spring clips are spaced away from
and do not bear against the outer faces of the
a vertical plane.
The tip or free end of the tooth
is rounded to form a blunt point.
It will be understood that numerous details of
the invention herein shown and described may
be altered or omitted without departing from
the spirit of the invention as defined by the fol
members I5 and Iii. Only the free ends of the
clips 23 bear against the members I5 and I6 and
then in the groove 22, whereby to cause the in
ner faces of the members I4 and I5 to abut
against each other. Maximum tension is there
lowing claims.
by exerted to cause the members I5 and I5 to 15
I claim:
I
clip or cut the hair entering,r between the teeth
1. In a device of the class described, a longi
I 6, without the need of the usual adjusting screw
tudinally extending guide means, a pair of re
and the like.
ciprocating co-acting cutter members slidable on
When assembled the teeth I6 of both members
said guide means, means to hold said members
I4 and I5 are in mutual alinement with each 20 in co-acting relationship, a pair of pivoted han
other; hence take on the appearance of a comb
dlemembers in line with said guide means, and
and thus may be used as such when combing the
means connecting said handles and cutter mem
hair. When making a cut, thev hair is ñrst
bers to produce reciprocating movement of said
combed downwardly in the direction of the shoul
cutter members in opposite directions relative to
ders to straighten the same, then the device is 25 each other and toward and away from said han
moved in the opposite direction to lift the hair
dles, upon operation of the handles.
away from the scalp and outwardly to the posi
2. The device according to claim l wherein
tion desired, so that the user may cut off the
said cutter members are retained in assembled
amount of hair he wants, by closing the handles
position and kept under tension by means of clip
I and 2. Whilethe handles are still closed the 30 springs. '
device is withdrawn from the head and the han
3. A device of the class described comprising a
dles allowed to be opened by releasing the pres
pair of coacting cutter members each having
sure of the fingers and allowing the spring to force
elongated toothed members in face to face rela
the handles outwardly. Now the hair is again
tionship, a pair of handles pivotally connected
"combed” with the device to straighten the hair 35 together and having a stationary, longitudinally
and the cutting step again repeated.
extending guide bar extending therefrom and se~
It is, therefore, apparent that this device does
cured between said handles by said pivot, a pair
the work of the usual scissors, clipper and comb
of link arms, one on each side of said guide bar
and it performs the function of all three of
and pivotally connected one to each of said han
these devices and the device is capable of ma 40 dles, said cutter members being positioned one
nipulation with the use of only one hand.
on each side of the free end of said guide bar and
The long teeth, like a comb, pick up the hair
connected one to each of said link arms, and re
and hold it firmly a‘nd perfectly therebetween
silient clip means for securing said cutter mem
until the handles are closed to make the cut.
bers to said guide bar in assembled operative rc«
As the teeth are long and sturdy, they allow the
lations‘hip; whereby when said handles are ma
hair that has been previously cut by the device
nipulated, each of said cutter members will be
to fall through the openings between the teeth
reciprocated simultaneously in opposite direc
so that only the hair which is desired to be cut
tions.'
'
remains between the teeth for clipping.
4. A device of the character described com
It can readily be seen that by placing one of 50 prising a pair of handle members pivotally held
the outer faces of the teeth fiat against the neck
together at one end, an elongated stationary
or skin of the user the device acts as a clipper.
It is also apparent from the drawing and the
foregoing description that there are no bolts,
guide bar extending forwardly from said handles
and secured therebetween by said handle pivot,
a pair of link arms positioned one on each side
screws, or the like in or about the members I4 55 of saidguide bar, one of said link arms being
and I5; therefore, there are no protruding parts
secured at one end to one of said handle mem~
extending beyond the outer faces of the members
bers, and the other of said link arms being se
I4 and I5. As the outer faces of the cutter comb
cured at one end to the other of said handle mem
members I4 and I5 are free of protuberances of
bers, a pair of co-acting slidable elongated
any character, the device will slide smoothly and
freely over the skin, regardless of Whether the 60 toothed members of identical design arranged
one on each side of said guide bar, and each
outer face of the member I4 or the outer face
secured to the free end of one of said link arms
>of the member I5 is placed adjacent the skin.
respectively, whereby upon manipulation of said
Therefore, the hair cannot catch hold of the
sides of the comb or become entangled in any
handle members, each of said toothed members
protuberance. From this it will be apparent that 65 will reciprocate in opposite directions simultane
the device may be used by either the Vright or left
ously, and spring clip means for retaining said
hand of the user. Regardless of whether or not
toothed members in assembled operative position
the device is gripped in either hand, the cutting
on said guide bar.
action of the members I4 and I5 will be the same
5. The device according to claim 4 wherein
as by closing the handles I and 2, the handles
each of said toothed members is provided with
translate movement to both the members wherea horizontally extending channel for the recep
by each one reciprocates in a direction opposite
tion of said guide bar.
to that of the other simultaneously.
6. The device according to claim 4 wherein
‘ EachV tooth of the cutter members I4 and I5 is 75 said guide bar is generally I-shaped in cross-sec
2,409,281
5
tion, whereby to form slideways on both sides
thereof for the reception of said link arms.
7. A device of the class described comprising a
pair of cooperating cutter members each having
forwardly projecting elongated spaced teeth,
6
8. In a device of the class described compris
ing a pair of cooperating cutter members each
having forwardly projecting elongated spaced
teeth, means for reciprocating each of the cutter
members simultaneously in opposite directions,
three edges of each tooth of each of said cutter
members being tapered toward the free end there
of, the inner face of each tooth lying in a flat
sides of each tooth of each of said cutter mem
plane to form a shearing face, and the opposed
bers being tapered toward the free end thereof,
the inner face of each tooth lying in a fiat plane 10 teeth being slightly spaced at their tips.
and the free end being rounded whereby each
NEIL HOLSCLAW.
tooth is provided with a blunt point.
means for reciprocating each of the cutter mem
bers simultaneously in opposite directions, three
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