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Oct. l5, 1.946.
Filed oct. 2, 1940
2 sheets-sheet 1
Mw. R@,M3U
m Tm
Ocrzt. 15', 1946.
Filed oct. 2, 1940
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
Patented Oct. n l 5, 1946
Martin A. Richardson, Racine, Wis., assigner to
J. I. Case Company, Racine, Wis., a corpora
'Application october 2, 1940, serial Naïssasio
z claims.
(c1. aso-33.4)
The present invention relates to balers and an
object thereof is to generally improve the con
struction and operation of devices of this class.
Further objects are to provide an improved feeder
head vconstruction‘for a baler; such mechanism
actuated directly from the main crank and safety
means for preventing damage in the event that
the feeder head is inadvertently blocked. A par
ticular object of theinvention is to provide im- proved chassis‘construction in‘ a baler to facilitate
transportationand including an improved tongue
orv draw bar forattaching the baler te a propelling
vehicle and adapted to support the baler for op
eration. Further objects and advantages will be
come apparent from the following description and 15
accompanying drawings in- which:
` Figure 1 is a plan View with parts broken away
of a'baler embodying the invention.
bers 8, 9, I2 and I3 defining a box-like framework
constituting the extension of bale chamber B on
-which mechanism M is mounted. A plate I5 ex
tends substantially vertically between members
8 and I2 (Fig. 2) and a plate IB also extends sub
stantially vertically between members 9 and I3,
uprights I5a. and Ilia. being spaced from plates I5
and Ilìïand extended between members I2 and 8,
and I3 and 9, respectively-`
Plates I5rand I6 as will be‘apparent from Fig.
1 constitute supporting means for themain or
crank shaft I1 and for a gear case generally desig
nated as I8. Crank shaft I1 has a journal portion
I9, with which is engaged a pitman 2U in the
present instance ñxed with a plunger head gen
erally designated as 2|, Fig. `2. Plunger head 2|
comprises a plate 22 fastened transversely of pit
man 29 inv any `suitable manner as by welding,
and it may be braced as by brackets or the like
with parts broken away to show interior features. 20 such as 23, interposed between the pitman 20 and
the plate 22. Plate 22 has ñxed therewith as by
Figz. 3 isa detail of certain mechanism shown in
bolts 2li-_24 slide blocks or guides 25 and 26 which
contact the side portions or plates 21 and Y28 of
Similar reference characters have been applied
sbalefchamber4 B and guide the plunger for re-l
to the same parts throughout the speciñcation
25 ciprocating movement. Any suitable type of slide
and drawings. `
- s
bearing may be used at this point, although in the
As `seen in Fig. 2, the machine comprises` gen
present instance hard wood impregnated with oil
erally a baling chamber B mounted on an axle A
has proved satisfactory. A third slide block 29
and supported on wheels or other suitable ground
is fixed across the lower edge of plate 22 and slides
engaging elements W, « the> chamber extending
beyond the axle to form the main body portion 30 on plate 1 constituting the major portion of above
mentioned channel member 6, being the bottom
ofthe machine and a support for the actuating
of the baling chamber. Block 29 may be held in
mechanism generally designated as `M. A` draw
place on plate 22by bolts such as 30.
bar D is pivoted to the extension of bale chamber
Plunger 2l accordingly performs a combination
B and by which the machine may be connected
reciprocating and oscillating movement which is
to a propelling vehicleand readily trailed there
satisfactory for baling purposes and the construc
from for transportation. An engine E of any
avoids the complication of the hinge or wrist
suitable or well-known type may be mounted in
pin commonly provided between pitman 20 and
the region of draw bar D and connected for
head 2|.
actuating mechanism M. A feeder head H is also
provided for assisting in introducing material into 40 Plate 22 has connected therewith as by a hinge
Fig. 2 is a right side elevation of the machine
the chamber B in the usual manner.
Returning .to a more detailed description of the
3|', a plate 32 of a width substantially that of the
baling ‘chamben and having a downwardly ex
machine, baling chamber B, as more particularly
tended arm 33 connected by a spring or the like ‘
shown in Fig. 1, comprises an upper ‘channel sec
tion member 5 and a lower channel member gen
sion of spring 3'4 acts through lever arm 33 to
erally designated as 6, the >latter comprising a
platef 1 having angle section `members 8 and 9
fixed therewith toform the flanges.
Plate 1 extends approximately to a point I9
34 with an anchorage`35 on pitman 20. The ten
causea continuous upward ‘urging of plate 32.
Plate 32 is accordingly pressed against the` under
side of suitable rails or strips 36' and 31, Fig. 1,
projecting inwardly from above mentioned angle
and‘members 8 and 9 extend through to a cross 50 membersrIZ and I3Vrespectiv`ely. Strips’36 and
31 terminate at a cross-member 38, Fig. 2, above
member II forming the forward extremity of the
the bale chamber and deñningthe outward mar
machine proper ,andV defining a shelf or extension
for engine E.. Angle elements I2 and I3 are fixed
with channel member` 5 and extend forwardly tol
gin of a feed opening generally designated as 39,
in a platform 49.
a.cros'smemìber> I4 rearwardly of said shelf, mem 55. s Platform 40 is supportedon cross-members 4I
and 42 from bale chamberB and has downwardly
and inwardly inclined walls or guiding portions 43
deñning the other margins of opening 39.
Plate 32 reciprocates with plunger 2l and serves
to close opening 39 behind the plunger to prevent
material being baled from finding its way to the
back side of the plunger. The plate is con
larly in Fig. 3 so that they may be adjusted in
their relation to the feeder boards 10 and 1I.
Plates 14 are also provided with teeth 16 for
more securely engaging hay or other material to
be baled.
Board 10 has an abutment or “nose” 11 of
suitable or well-known construction vfor insert
ing a dividing block in the bale chamber in fa
36 and 31 by spring 34 and accordingly performs
miliar manner forming no part of the present in
its functions regardless of the oscillating move; l0, Vention.
ment of plunger 2I. A ilap 44 of fabric or other
Block 68 has a pin 18 therein through which it
suitable flexible material may be carried-by cross-f
Vis supported by the above mentioned parallel
member 38 to close the necessary clearancespace _
mechanism. Another pin or bolt 19 spaced from
between the plunger 22 andfcros'ls-vmemb’er
‘pin 18'is engaged >by the parallel mechanism for
A tucker generally designated as 45 of any
guiding the motion of the head.
suitable or well-known type is provided at the
The albove mentioned parallel motion includes
outer end of opening 39 andîftorms.no4 »fnartfoï
an Aframegenerally designated as 88 which,
the present invention.
tinuously urged >against the lower sides of strips
as more particularly shown in Fig. 1, includes a
Any suitable retaining dog structurey `gener-`vr . pin
or shaft 8i passing through and journaled in
ally designated as 46 may also be provided and
mounted on plates 21 and 28. These dog con
structions forming no part of the present inven
tion are not further described.
Likewise, block dropping means generally des
ignated-as41 of any well-known type is contem
plated. At the outer end of bale chamber B, com
pressing> means as 48 of any suitable or well
known »type >may be provided and abale receiving
chute or member 49 maybe-hinged at 58 or other
above mentioned tubular portion 6I and fixed in
any suitable manner with a side element 82 and
also with a side element 83, side elements 82 and
83 defining the outer margins of >the frame. Ele
ments 82 and 83 are pivotally secured Yat their
upper ends to block 68 by pin 18. A brace ele
ment 84 has a portion 85 substantially parallel to
pin 8l and extending across between above men
tion-ed elements 82 and 83 and suitably fixed
therewith at its points of contact as for example
-wisesuitably supported from channel member 6 30
by welding, although it is to be understood that
vto -be disposed `in an inclined or substantially
other means is contemplated vfor securing the
horizontal position when in use.
parts together. Another portion 86 extends
Turning now to the actuating means for pit
transversely to shaft 8| and spaced somewhat
man 28, above mentioned engine E has a crank
from portion 83 to form a strong actuating arm
or other driving shaft 5I, Fig. -1,» carrying a pulley
generally designated as 81. Portion 81 is curved
52 dri-ving as by means of -a belt v53, a large> pulley
upwardly at about the point where it engages
oriiy» wheel generally designated as 54.v -Belt
shaft -8I as particularly shown in Fig. 2 and a
53 -may be caused to wrap pulley 52--by means of
block 88 is'engaged between portion 88 and mem
an idler» 55, pressing upwardly for example
83 for connecting with an actuating pitman
against -t-he lower run of belt 53 as particularly
described presently. 'I'he oscillating of A
seen Vin Fig. 2.
frame 80 will accordingly cause up and down
movement of head H.
I 8 is journaled ina bearing 55a, Fig. 2, carried
Portion 82 and upright 51 move together in the
by above mentioned plate I6. Bearing 55E may
manner of a shear, and in order to avoid danger
‘be of any suitable type. Shaft I1 extends out 45 of injury to persons or objects inadvertently in
wardly’a short distance beyond bearing 55a 'and
serted between them, a plate 89 is ñxed with up
has iixed therewith a crank A56 for actuating
right 51 between it >and portion 82 so that inser
above mentioned feeder head H.
tion of the fingers, or small objects «between the
Feeder head
as more particularly shown in
moving parts is impossible.
Figs. 1 and v2, is carried on a standard or frame 50
To guide the movement and insure its taking
comprising uprights 51 and 58 fixed in any suit
place in the proper path, braces 90 and 9| ex
able manner respectively with strips 36 and 31
tend respectively from bolts 64 and 65 to pin or
and angle members >I2 and I3 and braced as
bolt 19. These braces may be substantially
Crank shaft I 'I at its end remote from housing
by angle plates 59 and 68.
Uprights 51' and 58
parallel or otherwise related to the frame 8!) to
are connected with each other as by a tubular 55 maintain the desired motion, as seen more par-'
element 6I, and brace rods or the like 62 and 63
are iixed with the upper extremities of >uprig'hts
51 and 58 as by stud bolts 64 and 65 of suitable
or well-known type.
Brace rods 62 and '63 ex
ticularly in Fig. 3.
Block 8S has trunnions 92 and 93 journaled
respectively in portion 86 and clement 83, there
by supporting the block between the two sections
tendr forwardly and downwardly to members I2 60 of arm 81.
and I3 respectively, where they are anchored as
by bolts 66 and 61. -In this manner a relatively
rigid standard is provided for carrying the >feeder
A connecting rod or pitman 94
passes through block 88 and carries a nut or
other abutment 95 engaged therewith normally
by the pressure of a spring 9.6 acting upwardlyv
against block 88 and downwardly against an
Feeder head >H 'is moved in a sweeping up and
abutment 91, suitably i‘lxed withrod '94. ' Rod
down movement so as to enter opening 39 by
94 'has a bearing portion 98 journaled on a pin
means of a suitable parallel motion to be pres
99 ñxed with above mentioned crank '56. Rota
ently described. The head itself comprises a
tion of. crank 56 will accordingly actuate rod 94,
block or the like 68, Fig. 2, to which are fastened,
arm 81, A frame 88v and accordingly head H.
as by bolts 653-69, feeder boards 18 and 1I, ex
The force of spring 96 is so chosen as to normally
tending downwardly and spaced apart as by a
maintain nut 95 and block 88 in firm engagement,
spreader 12. Spreader ~12 is held in position as
but in theV event that movement of head 'H is
by- bolts 13 which also pass through feeder board
for any reason, rod 94mayV slide through
plates 14-14. Plates 14 are providedA with a
plurality of holes 1-5-15 as »seen more particu 75 block _88 with acorresponding compression -of
spring 96 which willl relieve the parts from- ex-'
cessive stress and usually prevent damage.
slight adjustment of the range of movement of
head H may be obtained by adjusting nut 95, and
the eiïect of the feeder head may also be varied
by changing the position of plates 14-14.
Draw bar D, as particularly shown in Figs. 1
and 2 comprises in the present instance a tubular
or other suitable element |00 engaged between
brackets |0| and |02 as by a pin, bolt, or the like
A frame 80, a feeder head I-I which acts to intro
duce material into the baling chamber through
an opening 3B. For setting up the machine .for
operation, draw bar D may be lowered to rest on
the ground and for transportation draw bar D
may be readily adjusted to various positions to
suit the height of the propelling vehicle.
The above being a complete description of an
illustrative embodiment of the invention what is
|03, brackets |02 and |0| being ñxed for example
claimed as new and desired to be secured by
on a cross member |04 or the like extending be
Letters Patent of the United States is:
tween above mentioned members 8 and 9. Mem
ber |00 may be spaced in various positions below
members 8 and 9 to give a suitable adjustment
ber, an axle arranged in supporting relation to
l. In a vehicle, a frame including a cross mem
the frame, and to the rear of the center of gravity
of the front end of the baler relatively to a pro 15 thereof, a movable draft and supporting element
pivoted to said cross member, a second cross
pelling vehicle or the like. A quadrant or the
member on the frame and spaced from the piv
like, comprising in the present instance upwardly
directed plates |05 and |06, extends on either
side of a forwardly projecting channel or bracket
|01 or the like through which may be extended
a pin |08, member |01 being fixed for example
with above mentioned Icross member ||. Plates
|05 and |06 are rigidly connected with element
|00 and may be provided with a plurality of holes
IDS-_|09 which may be engaged by pin |08 ex 25
tending also through suitable openings in bracket
member |01 to position draw bar portion |00 in
the desired attitude relatively to members 3 and
otal connection of said supporting element with
the ñrst cross member, spaced plates extending
generally upwardly from said element so as to
move adjacent said second cross member when
said element is pivoted about said first cross
member, a bracket projecting from said second
cross mem-ber between said spaced plates, said
bracket providing an opening and said plates
providing a series of pairs oi openings alignable
with the opening in said bracket by pivotal move
ment of said element, and a pin traversing the
opening in said bracket and one of the pairs of
9. Other methods are -contemplated for securing
the draw bar in position. Thus it may be posi 30 openings in said plates for securing said element
in a selected position.
tioned to correspond with the height of the hitch
2. In a vehicle, a frame, an axle arranged in
on nearly any vehicle, and it is contemplated
supporting relation to the frame and to the rear
that it may be lowered to a position to engage
the ground for supporting the baler for opera
of the center of gravity thereof, a movable draft
tion, even when no vehicle is present. Portion 35 and supporting element pivoted to the frame, a
bracket extending from the frame at a point
|00 may be provided with an eye | l0 or any other
spaced from the pivotal connection, spaced plates
suitable or well-known means for attaching it to
ñxedly connected with said element and extend
a propelling vehicle.
ing generally upwardly therefrom in a position
The operation of the above disclosed machine
is thought to be clear from the previous descrip 40 to include said bracket therebetween, said bracket
providing an opening and said plates providing
tion and need not «be further described, except to
a series of pairs of openings alignable with the
say that engine E drives through fly wheel 54
opening in said bracket by movement of said ele
and the reduction gears in casing I8, the crank
ment about the pivotal connection, and a pin
l1, actuating through pitman 20, plunger head
2|. The necessity for a wrist pin is eliminated 45 traversing the opening in said bracket and one of
by fastening head 2| rigidly to pitman 20 and
the pairs of openings in said plates for securing
allowing the head to oscillate on block,29 as it
said element in a. selected position.
slides. Crank |1 carries and actuates through
an auxiliary crank 5B, a connecting rod 94 and
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