Oct. .15, 1946. " F,’ w. sci-Mm»: 2,409,395 BICYCLE CARRIER Original Filed Nov.'19, 1945 A 7' 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 @1 4/‘ 42 Oct. 15, 1946. F. w. ISCHWINN 2,409,395 BICYCLE CARRIER Original Filed Nov. 19‘, 1943 Y , 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 4/" . // L 1 Patented Oct. 15, 1946 2,409,395 UNITED \ STATES PATENT ' OFFICE ‘ 2,409,395 . VBIQYCLE CARRIER Frank ,/ ‘ Schwinn, Chicago, Ill. ‘Original application November 19, 1943, Serial No. 510,875. ‘Divided and this application __ ~ March 7, 1,945,;Serial No. 581,393 . 9 Claims. ’ (01. 224-29) 1 The present invention relates‘ to bicycle car riers, and is particularly concerned with the pro vision of a carrier adapted to be used for trans porting a bicycle on a motor car. The present application is a division of my prior application, Serial No. 510,875, ?led No vember 19, 1943, for Bicycle carrier, and'relates particularly to the modi?ed forms of the inven tion not covered by the patent which issued on and the accompanying 2 drawings, l in . which sim ilar characters of reference indicate similar ‘parts throughout the several views. Referring to the drawings, of which thereare two sheets, _ ‘ Fig. 1 is a rear elevational view of an auto motive vehicle equipped with a bicycle carrier embodying the invention and shown in connec ‘tion with a bicycle peculiarily adapted to beused :said application as Patent No. 2,379,994; dated .10 with this carrier; » . . , . July 10, 1945. One of the objects, of the‘ inven 'Fig. 2 is a'fragmentaryv sectional view taken tion is to provide an improved carrier ‘and bi ' on the plane of the line 2-2 of Fig. 3, looking cycle, the carrier of which is adapted to‘ be 'se in the direction of the arrows; . cured to the front or rear bumper of an auto Fig. 3 is a fragmentary sectional viewLtaken motive vehicle in such manner that the bicycle 15 .on the plane of the line 3-3 of Fig. 2, looking may be supported by means of itsframe for in the direction of the arrows; ' transportation ‘with the vehicle‘in such condi Fig. 4 is a transverse cross-sectional view, taken tion that it may be removed at‘any time, ready on the plane of the line 4—4 of Fig. 3, looking in for use.v the direction of the arrows; . , , Another object of the invention is the .provi 20 Fig. 5 is a fragmentary bottom plan view of sion of an improved bicycle carrier for automo~ the bicycle structure, shown apart from the car tive vehicles, which is adapted to support the bicycle at such a point that there is little or no Referring to Fig. 1, H3 indicates in its entirety possibility of any damage to the bicycle by reason an automotive vehicle provided with a bumper of the jolts and jars to which it may be sub 25 I I and with the present invention for support jected in transportation. ing a bicycle I2. The present. bicycle differs in Another object of the invention is theprovi the construction of its frame from the usual sion of an improved bicycle carrier of the class frame structure in the position and arrangement described which is adapted to be mounted on ; In theFig. seat3,post l4 mast indicates tubethe 13. crank ' .; shaft hanger bumper bars of varying width and varying thick 30 of rier. ness or bumper'bars of various conformation vor ‘ - tube which vis?joined by, welding» or other secure cross-section. fastening means tothe down tube I5 withthe Another object of the invention is the provi axis of the down; tube preferably intersecting the sion of an improved bicycle carrier adapted to ‘axis of the hanger tube. The rear ‘fork members engage the frame and support the bicycle from 35 I6,‘ I‘! are also secured to the crank- hangerjtube its frame in such manner that no part of ..the in the usual manner, with the axis of each rear bicycle touches any part of the motorv car so ‘fork substantially intersecting the axis» of ‘the that neither the bicycle nor the motor car will have its ?nish marred, nor will any part of either The front down tube I5 is preferably located vehicle be damaged in any way. 40 midway between the ends of the crank hanger crank hanger tube. Another object of the invention is the provi sion of an improved bicycle carrier which is simple, sturdy, and capable of being manufac ' - ‘ . . ' I tube, While the rear fork ,members are spaced from each other, as shown in Fig. 5, and their ‘outer surfaces at the crank tube may be ?ush tured at a low cost, by means of which the bi. with the ends of the crank tube.‘ _ cycle may be quickly secured to the bumper for 45 The ‘seat post mast tube l3 and the hanger transportation or quickly released with a mini tube l4 preferably support a downwardly extend mum amount of effort in condition for‘immediate ing stud- 60, which may be-either solid or tubu use. lar, and which has a rounded lower end, and has Another object of the invention is the provi~ its upper end suitably shaped to engage the seat sion of a modi?ed construction which is adapted 50 post mast tube 13 and the hanger tube 54, to to be utilized with existing forms of bicycles which the stud 6t isvwelded. - ' by merely making a suitable modi?cation of the 1 The stud Bil is adapted to'be received .in the bicycle frame. a e bore 59 oftaclamp carried by a supporting arm Other objects and advantages of the invention 58 of a carrier member 51. The clamping mem will be apparent‘ from the fo11owing description 55 ber \51 is provided witha pair of laterally curved 2,409,395 4 3 attached or removed with a minimum of effort. arms 62, 63 surrounding the bore 59 and termi nating in a pair of outwardly extending ?anges 64, 65, separated by a slot 68. The ?anges 64, 65 are provided with the aligned apertures 66 fOr receiving the screw bolt 61, which is provided with a nut 69. The present carrier supports the bicycle by means of its strongest part, that is, the frame, and it is located substantially in line with the center of gravity of the bicycle or as close to this position as can be attained while still mak ing a ?rm attachment to the frame. The present carrier :is adapted to ‘be used with The size ‘of the bore .59 is such that when the stud 60 "is in the bore 59 and the ‘?anges "64, ‘55 ‘bumpers of varying thickness and varying width, are drawn together by the bolt 61, the stud is ?rmly clamped in the bore 59. The bracket 51 10. and holds the bicycle on the bumper of the mo "tor car in such manner that it avoids marring is provided with a pair of downwardly extending worxdamaging of any part of either the motor car arms 4|, 42 and a pair of upwardly extending or bicycle. None of the parts of the bicycle need arms 43, 44. These arms spread laterally from ‘have their adjustment disturbed in mounting the a centrally located body portion 39 and are ‘pro vided adjacent their ends with the slots 4.51for :15 bicycle onthe .car or dismounting it, and the .bicycle immediately ready to be ridden when receiving the hook bolts 41. ‘ the clamp which holds it has been released and The slots 45 permit the hook bolts 4‘! to ‘help the bicycle has been lifted elf the bracket. cated immediately above and below the bumper ‘While ‘I have illustrated a preferred embodi II and permit ‘the device to be used upon ‘bump ers of different width. Each hook bolt is formed 20 ment of my invention, many modi?cations may .be made without departing from the spirit-of the with a hook 54 at one end and‘with a threaded invention, and I do not wish to be limited to portion 56 at ‘the other end, to be engaged !by the the precise details of construction set forth, but nut 48. 'I'he‘elongated threaded portion 56'per desire to avail myself of all changes within the mits ‘the use of the hook vbolts for securing the scope of the appended claims. bracket upon bumpers of different horizontal Having thus described my invention, what I thickness. claim as new and desire to secure ‘by Letters Pat The body portion 39 of ‘the bracket ‘51 is prefent of the vUnited States‘is: erably provided with a V-shaped horizontal 1. In a bicycle carrier the combination of a groove 49 and ‘with :a pad '53 of suitable ‘resilient material, such as felt or rubber, ‘to engage ‘the .30 ‘supporting bracket ‘formed with a clamp socket, said bracket being ‘adapted to be secured ‘to ‘the ‘bumper 'H ‘without m'arring it. The V-shaped bumper of an automobile, and a bicycle having groove 4!! ‘permits the bracket ‘to be used with its frame provided with a downwardly extending bumpers of different curvature, and the hat end stud adapted to be received in said clamp socket, "flanges 4|-44 permit the bracket to be used as "said stud being permanently rigidly attached to ‘well upon ?at bumpers. said frame and a part thereof and holding the The operation of the present ‘bicycle carrier bicycle in upright ‘position when said ‘stud is ‘is substantially as follows: The ‘clamp ‘bolt 6'1 clamped in said socket. may be ‘released until the clamp is separated 2. In a bicycle carrier the combination of a from the stud 60 on the bicycle frame, ‘and the ‘supporting bracket formed with a clamp socket, clamping member 51 may‘then‘be secured .to the said bracket being adapted ‘to be secured to the bumper, as shown in Fig. 2. The position :should be selected on the bumper which is adapted to bumper of an automobile, and a bicycle having ‘hold the bicycle practically in center position with respect to ‘the width of the ‘Vehicle; but its 'frame‘provided with a downwardly extending :stud adapted to be received in said clamp socket, some may prefer to move the bracket slowly to ward the right so ‘that “the bicycle does not pro J'ect at the ‘left side of the ‘vehicle, ‘where cars said stud being shaped at its upper end to en gage the crank shaft hanger tube of the .frame to ‘which it is welded and being shaped also to engage the outside of ‘the :seat post mast tube to which-it is alsowelded. 3. In a bicycle carrier the combination of an going in the opposite direction mighten‘gage it. The bracket 51 maybe tightly secured on ‘the bumper by means of the hook bolts 41.. Then the ‘bicycle may ‘be mounted with its stud 6B in the bore 59, and the clamp bolt ‘.51 maybe tight ened until the stud is firmly secured When it ‘is desired to 'use the ‘bicycle, the user has only :to release the clamp bolt 61 and to ‘lift the bicycle -' automobile bumper having .a convex outer 'sur» face with a bracket of substantially V shape hav- ing upwardly and downwardly extending slotted arms, said bracket being provided ‘with a hook bolt in each of .its arms adapted to hook over the ‘ off, ‘audit is ready-for immediate-use. edge of .the bumper, said hook bolts having :nuts In some ‘bicycle constructions the steering post may be provided with a lock which will "prevent the steering post from rotating during trans~ portation. 'If desired, bicycles not equipped ‘with for securing the bracket on the bumper, an out wardly projecting arm carried by the bracket and means carried by said arm for remova'bly securing a, bicycle frame to the arm at substan tially the vertical axis passing through the center such a lock may have a ‘tension member, such as of gravity of the bicycle, said means comprising a spring, passed through between the spokes of a clamp socket ‘carried by said arm and a comple the front wheel and drawn back ‘until it can have mentary stud permanently secured to the lower both its ends hooked on the pedals or cranks to prevent the front wheel assembly from turning (55 part of the bicycle frame on substantially the vertical axis'passing through the center of gravity on the‘steering post. of the ‘frame. ‘The proximity of the bumper, ‘however, which 4. In a bicycle carrier, the combination of a would ‘otherwise engage the front tire, will pre» bicycle frarre having a seat post mast tube and vent any substantial rotation of the front wheel 'a' crank hanger tube, ‘with a depending support— assembly on its steering post. a 7 ing stud ?xedly secured to said seat post mast It will thus be observed that I have invent tube and ‘hanger tube, and a supporting member ed an improved bicycle carrier by means of comprising a body provided with a clamp 'for which the bicycle may be ‘?xedly secured on the receiving said stud, said body ‘having upwardly bumper of an automotive vehicle so that it is ‘ready for immediate use, and ‘it may be quickly 75 and downwardly extending arms ‘for extending 2,409,395 5 6 above and below a bumper, hook members hook ing stud ?xedly secured to said seat post mast ing on the upper edge and the lower edge of said tube and hanger tube, and a supporting member bumper and extending through said arms, and comprising a body provided with a clamp for threaded means for drawing said hook members receiving said stud, said body having upwardly and body into close engagement with the bumper. and downwardly extending arms for extending 5. In a bicycle carrier, the combination of a above and below a bumper, hook members hook bicycle frame having a seat post mast tube and ing on the upper edge and the lower edge of said a crank hanger tube, with a depending support bumper and extending through said arms, and ing stud ?xedly secured to said seat post mast threaded means for drawing said hook members tube and hanger tube, and a supporting member 10 and body into close engagement with the bumper, ' comprising a body provided with a clamp for said body being provided with a transversely ex receiving said stud, said body having upwardly tending V-shaped groove for engaging an out and downwardly extending arms for extending wardly curved portion of the bumper, and said above and below a bumper, hookmemlbers hook groove being provided with a resilient pad for ing on the upper edge and the lower edge of said 15 engaging the face of the bumper. bumper and extending through said arms, and 8. In a bicycle carrier- the combination of an threaded means for drawing said hook members automobile bumper, a bicycle frame having a and body into close engagement with the bumper, downwardly extending stud permanently and said arms being provided with elongated slots, rigidly a?ixed thereto, a V-shaped bracket hav whereby the device may be applied to bumpers 20 ing upwardly and downwardly extending arms, of different sizes. adjustable means cooperating with the bumper 6. In a bicycle carrier, the combination of a and said arms to hold said bracket on said bump bicycle frame having a seat post mast tube and or, an arm carried by said bracket and projecting a crank hanger tube, with a depending support away from the bumper, and a clamping socket ing stud ?xedly secured to said seat post mast 25 carried by said arm for receiving and removably tube and hanger tube, and a supporting member securing said stud so that said bicycle frame is comprising a body provided with a clamp for supported and retained in upright position by receiving said stud, said body having upwardly said bracket. and downwardly extending arms for extending ‘9. In a bicycle carrier, the combination of a above and below a bumper, hook members hook 30 bracket having adjustable means for mounting ing on the upper edge and the lower edge of said it on an automobile bumper, a bicycle having a bumper and extending through said arms, and frame comprising a crank shaft hanger tube and threaded means for drawing said‘ hook members a‘ seat post mast tube and provided with a de and body into close engagement with the bumper, said body being provided with a transversely ex tending V-shaped groove for engaging an out pending stud, said stud being permanently and 35 rigidly ?xed to both the crank shaft-hanger tube wardly curved portion of the bumper. 7. In a bicycle carrier, the combination of a bicycle frame having a seat post mast tube and a crank hanger tube, with a depending support 40 and the seat post mast tube, and a socket carried by said bracket for receiving said stud to support said bicycle by said bracket in upright position on said bumper. ~ FRANK W. SCHWINN.