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Патент USA US2409402

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‘ Oct. 15, 1946;
2,409,401
N. TEST!
BLADE MAGAZINE
Filed April 19, 19,44.
.
M
' INVENTOR.
2,409,401
Patented Oct. 15, 1946
UNITED STATES PATENT-OFFICE
BLADE MAGAZINE 3
Nicholas Testi, Boston, Mass, assignor to Gil
lette Safety Razor Company, Boston, Mass, a
corporation of Delaware
Application April 19, v1944, Serial Nit/531,727
13 Claims.
(01. 206-16)
‘
1
2
This invention consists in an improved mag
ing the feed slide at the end of its stroke to free
the engaged blade.
These and other features of the invention will
be best understood and appreciated from the fol
lowing description of a preferred embodiment
thereof, selected for purposes of illustration and
shown in the accompanying drawing in which:
azine for containing thin ?exible blades staggered
in stacked formation and having means for sep
arating the individual blades and feeding them
successively from the stack for any purpose
where it is desired to deal with blades, one at the
time, as for example in supplying blades one by
Fig. l is a view in perspective on an enlarged
one to a safety razor.
scale of a complete magazine;
.
In my prior Patent No. 2,330,252, September
Fig. 2 is a view of the magazine in longitudinal
28, 1948, I have disclosed a blade magazine in 10
which safety razor blades are arranged in longi
section on the line 11-11 of Fig. 1;
tudinal staggered relation with their endssepa
rated in the stack by a space equal to the thick~
Fig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. 2 except that the
feed slide is shown in elevation and at one ex
V
ness of an interposed blade and in that magazine
tremity of its feeding movement.
invention consists in improvements on the mag
and
_
Fig. 4 is a view in perspective showing the parts
advantage is taken of this spacing to facilitate 1.5
‘ of the magazine and blades in exploded relation;
feeding the blades. In one aspect the present
Fig. 5 is a view of the magazine in cross section
azine of my prior patent whereby it is possible
to employ a shorter and more compact magazine
on the line V—V of Fig. 1.
blades were fed by end engagement, that is to say,
although it will be understood that it is not lim
ited to that or to any other speci?c type of blade
v
I
v
,
The invention is herein shown in its applica
and yet to handle the blades positively, uniform 20
tion to the handling of open-end double-edged
ly and without danger of displacement or jam
slotted blades of the well-known “Gillette” type,
ming. In the magazine of my prior patent the
it was necessary to move the feed slide to en-
gage the extreme end of a blade before the blade 25 but, with appropriate modi?cation of detail, may
be adapted to the handling of any thin, ?ne
could be advanced from the magazine. On the
edged blade.
,
l
v
‘
other hand, a characteristic feature of the pres
The blades 10 herein shown areleach provided
ent invention consists in a magazine in which
in all four corners with reentrant notches defin
slotted blades‘with their slots having local en,
largements are assembled in staggered relation 30 ing a solid elongated unshar'pened end portion l I
at one end and a similarbut divided end portion
with the enlargements overlapping each other
It at the other end of the blade. Each blade is
and in which the feed slide is constructed and ar
provided with a medial longitudinal slot l3 closed
ranged to engage one blade after another by its
at one end and opening out through the divided
slot enlargement and to advance the, blade by
end portion I2 of the blade. Midway between
movement in a relatively short path which may
the ends of the blade the slot l3 has a circular
well be substantially less than the length of the
enlargement or opening M which serves in the
blade. Further, the staggered relation of the
magazine as a part of the means by which the
blades and their slot enlargements permits posi
blade is fed and in the razor as a passage for the
tive separation of the blade selected to be fed
threaded stem of the cap. Each slot has more
from the magazine in respect to all other blades
over'intermediate enlargements [5 of predeter
in the stack. This is because the blade-engaging
mined
size and shape conforming to the contour
portion of the feed slide may be shaped to ?ll the
enlargement of the uppermost blade in the stack
and since the corresponding enlargement in the
second blade is displaced in one direction or the
other from that of- the uppermost blade the feed
of blade-locating projections found in the vari
ous safety razors for use in which the blades are
45 adapted.
slide projection cannot enter the enlargement of
the second blade but must engage the body of
that blade and depress it from the feeding path. .
Another feature of the present invention con
sists in a feed slide ‘constructed and arranged to
be automatically disengaged from the slot en
In the magazine, as will presently ap
pear, the blades are stacked in staggered rela~
tion, each being displaced longitudinally with re
spect to the next lower blade by a distance corre
sponding substantially to one-half the diameter
of the circular enlargement M.
The construction of the magazine will now be
described in detail:
As shown in the drawing, it comprises an elon
largement of a blade at the conclusion of the
gated enclosure of sheet material such as metal
feeding stroke. Thus a blade may be separated 55 or plastic sheet, comprising a rectangular bot
from the stack and advanced to a position in
tom l6, upstanding side Walls I1 and I8, and in- "
which it projects from the magazine and is then
turned ?anges l9 and 2t, separated‘ from each
released so that the user may freely remove it by
hand. As herein shown, one way of accomplish
other at their inner edges by a substantial space
ing the desired result is to provide means for lift
and together forming the top of the enclosure.
69
Projecting upwardly from the bottom [6 is a hol
2,409,401
3
4
low rib 2| also made of sheet material and hav
ing spaced parallel walls and rounded ends. The
rib 2| is of such a length that when the blades
to depress the second blade in the stack and ?nal
ly to engage the edges of the walls of the rib 2|
between the shoulders 22. Accordingly when the
ID are placed upon it with their solid ends ar
feed slide is advanced toward the left, as seen in
ranged alternately against the opposite ends of 5 Fig. l, the uppermost blade is fed, solid end
the rib they will be relatively displaced in the
foremost, out of the magazine. The blade can
manner illustrated in Fig. 4, that is to say, longi
not be fed in the opposite direction because its
tudinally by approximately one-half the diame
solid end engages the left-hand end of the rib
ter of the circular enlargement M.
2|. When the uppermost blade has been ad
The hollow rib 2| serves as a guideway for the
feed slide and its upper edge is shouldered at 22
to limit the longitudinal movement of the slide.
10' vancedsu?iciently to afford the user convenient
grasp, the rear end of the feed slide plate 24 en
counters the upstanding boss 23 in the bottom
An elongated inwardly projecting boss 23 is
pressed into the bottom it of the magazine be
l6 of the magazine and the feed slide is accord
ingly lifted as suggested in Fig. 3. When this
tween the walls of the hollow rib 2| for the pur 15 occurs, the shank 26 is disengaged from the en
pose of lifting and disengaging the feed slide from
largement of the uppermost blade and the blade
the blade at the end of its feeding movement.
is left free to be withdrawn completely from the
The feed slide comprises a vertically disposed
magazine by the user. This withdrawal by hand
plate 24 ?tting with clearance between the walls
would be prevented if the shank 26 were not dis
of the rib 2| and having an operating knob 25 20 engaged from the blade to permit it.
connected to the upper edge of the plate 24
The spring 30 lifts the blade stack immediate
through the medium of a circular shank or stud
ly to replace the ejected blade by the blade which
26 which is designed to ?t into and substantially
up to that time has been second in the stack, with
?ll the circular enlargement M of the blade.
the result that the blade now uppermost has its
Ordinarily the lower face of the shank 26 rides 25 solid end located at the right-hand end of the
upon the Walls of the rib 2| between the shoul
magazine enclosure. Accordingly, to eject the
ders 22 and when centrally positioned as shown
next ‘blade from the magazine the feed slide
in Fig. 2 the lower edge of the plate 24 clears the
must be moved toward the right, whereupon the
projecting boss 23 in the'bottom of the rib by
shank 26 will enter the slot enlargement of this
reason of an elongated notch 21 which is pro 30 blade, when a position of registration is reached,
vided in its lower edge. The plate 24 of the feed
and the blade will be fed out from the right-hand
slide has a longitudinal groove 28 in one face and
end of the magazine. By moving the feed slide
this cooperates with an inwardly projecting de
alternately in the manner above described, the
tent 29 in one .wall of the rib. The detent 29
blades in the stack may be separated and ejected
?ts loosely into the groove 28, whereby the plate 35 one by one from the magazine, ?rst at one end
24 may be shifted not only longitudinally on the
and then at the other. It will be clear that each
said detent but may also be rocked thereon.
blade I0 is positively prevented from moving in
Since the rib is constructed of resilient material
one direction by the engagement of its solid end
the feed slide may be forced into position or
|| against one end of the rib 2| and is held only
forcibly removed from position by springing the 40 frictionally against movement in the other di
detent 29 outwardly.
rection, i. e., the direction in which it is eventu
In the drawing, the magazine is shown as con
ally discharged from the magazine.
taining a stack of four blades only but it has ca
The top of the magazine is herein shown as
pacity for ten or a dozen blades. Beneath the
formed by the spaced ?anges Hi and 20, but a
blade stack is provided a leaf spring 30 having a 4 one-piece top slotted for the reception of the feed
central open-end slot 3| providing clearance for
slide would serve as well. The movement of the
the rib 2|. The spring 3!] may be inserted in the
feed slide is limited both by the shoulders 22 in
magazine after the blade stack has been placed in
the edge of the rib and by the space between the
the magazine and then held in place by tongues
ends of the rib and the ends of the vertical plate
32 bent up in one end edge of the bottom I6. 50 24. It will be noted that the amplitude of feed
Movement of the spring in the other direction is
slide movement is limited, so that practically
prevented by engagement of the end of the rib
none of the sharpened edge is exposed at the end
2! with the end of the slot 3| in the spring. The
of the feeding movement but that the elongated
effect of the spring 38 is to hold the blade stack
unsharpened end portion of the blade projects
upwardly with the uppermost blade I6 engaged 55 from the end of the magazine where it may be
with the inner surface of the ?anges l9 and iii!
conveniently and safely grasped by the user.
and in this position the upper surface of the up
Having thus disclosed my invention and de_
permost blade is disposed slightly below the up
scribed in detail an illustrative embodiment
per edges of the walls of the rib 2! in the higher
thereof, I claim as new and desire to secure by
end portions of the rib beyond the shoulders 22. 60 Letters Patent:
However, in the area between the shoulders 22
1. A blade magazine having Walls forming an
the two uppermost blades are located somewhat
elongated enclosure, a stack of slotted open-end
above the level of the edges of the walls of the
blades within the enclosure, the slots having a
rib 2!. Accordingly, the feed slide may be moved
local enlargement therein, a rib in the enclosure
to an intermediate position in which the shank 65 engaged at opposite ends Withone end only of
2B registers with the circular enlargement M of
the uppermost blade. When this relationship is
alternate blades of the stack‘ each blade having
its slot enlargement overlapping the surface of.
established and a slight pressure exerted upon
the next lower blade in the stack, and a feed
the button 25, the shank 26 passes through the
slide having a portion shaped to enter and ?ll
enlargement of the uppermost blade and encoun 70 the slot enlargement of the uppermost blade.
ters the overlapped surface of the second blade
2. A blade magazine including walls forming
in the stack as will be apparent from a consid
eration of the blades in Fig. 5. Pressure on the
button 25 therefore causes the shank 26 to pass
an enclosure having a bottom and spaced top
?anges, a hollow rib projecting into the en
closure from the bottom and having end por
through the enlargement of the uppermost blade, 75 tions extending into the plane of said top ?anges
2,409,401
6
5
outline of the next superimposed enlargement,
and an intermediate portion terminating at a
level below said plane, a stack of slotted open
end blades arranged alternately end-for-end on
frictionally retaining the blades in such stacked
said rib, the slot of each blade "being provided
formation, and a movable feed slide having a por
means co-operating with the locating member for
tion shaped to fit into the local enlargement'of
the uppermost blade in the stack.
section ?tting within said rib for guiding its
9. A blade magazine including an elongated
movement and having another section adapted
enclosure having a yielding support and blade
to ride upon the intermediate portion of the rib
and thereby being seated in the slot enlargement
locating means therein, a stack of'blades, said
i0 blades having slots with local enlargements and
of the uppermost blade of the stack.
'
being arranged upon the locating means above
3. A blade magazine including a ?anged‘ top,
the support with their local enlargements in suc
a hollow blade-locating rib terminating within
cessively offset relation with respect to each
the ends of the ?anged top, a stack of open~end
other, and a movable feed slide having a portion
slotted blades arranged alternately end-for-end
shaped to fit into the local enlargement of one
on said rib, the slots of the blades having an en
largement therein, and a feed slide having a por
blade and to engage the surface of the blade next
tion ?tting within said riband limiting its stroke
below it and depress said lower blade and those
below it against said yielding support.
to a length less than the length of the rib and
10. A blade magazine having walls forming
a portion outside the rib shaped to ?t the slot
enlargement of a blade.
20 an elongated enclosure, blade locating means‘
4. A blade magazine comprising walls form
therein, a stack of blades having slots with local
enlargements of predetermined size and shape,
ing an enclosure, including a top with an elon
said blades being successively arranged on the
gated Opening therein, a rib located symmetri
cally below said opening and having an inter- ' locating means with their enlargements alter
mediate portion lower than its end portions, a
nately staggered in lengthwise direction, and a
stack of open-end slotted blades disposed alter- ~
feed slide guided for movement longitudinally in
nately end-for-end on said rib, the slots in the
said enclosure and having a projection shaped to
blades having, enlargements therein alternately
fit into blade feeding engagement with the en
overlapping one another, yielding means for sup
largement of one blade only and depressing and
porting said stack with the uppermost blade 30 sliding engagement with the surface of the next
thereof in a plane above the intermediate por
lower blade.
tion of the rib, and'a feed slide having'a portion
11. A blade magazine having walls forming an ‘
movable through and completely ?tting the slot
open-end enclosure, a stack of slotted blades
enlargement of the said‘ uppermost blade and into
therein, each slot having a similar local enlarge
sliding engagement with the intermediate por
ment‘therein and the blades being arranged in
tion of said rib.
staggered relation with the slots and enlarge
5. A blade magazine comprising walls formments in partial longitudinal registration only,
ing an enclosure, means in the enclosure for hold
means including a locating member and a yield
ing a stack of open-end slotted blades having
ing member co-operating to retain the blades re
slot enlargements therein, and disposed alter 40 movably in such formation, a feed slide recip
nately end-fo-r-end with the enlargements of a1
rocably movable into seriatim registration with
ternate blades overlapping, and a feed slide
the local enlargements for delivery of a blade into
with an enlargement and a, feed slide ‘having a
guided for movement in a path shorter than the
a position for removal from the stack, and means
length of said blades and‘ having‘an enlarge
effective during the movement of the feed slide
ment-?tting projection by which it' engages and 4:5 in either direction of its travel positively to dism
feeds a blade.
‘
6. A rectangular blade magazine having open
ends and an intermediate rib, a stack of open
end slotted blades disposed alternately end-for
end upon said rib, each slot having a local en
largement, each blade being held by friction only
against outward movement from the direction of
its open end, and feeding means including an
enlargement-?tting projection.
engage the feed slide from registration with the
enlargement upon delivery of the blade.
12. A blade magazine having enclosing walls,
a blade locating member and a yielding blade
5 O support therein, a stack of slotted blades, each slot
having a local enlargement therein and the blades
composing the stack being mounted on the mem
ber and support in alternate staggered relation so
that each slot enlargement is removably retained
7. A blade magazine having walls forming an 55 in stepped, offset relation to the next, a feed slide
elongated enclosure, a stack. of slotted blades
having a projection corresponding in size and
therein, said blades being arranged in staggered
relation with the slots of adjacent blades dis
shape to the enlargement, guideways for direct
ing said slide in a feeding path wherein its said
placed longitudinally in respect to each other,
projection occupies the enlargement of the up
each slot having an enlargement of pre-deter 60 permost blade of thestack, and means for de
mined size and shape overlapping the surface of
flecting said slide upwardly causing it to release
the next lower blade in the stack, and a feed slide
the blade at the end of the feeding stroke.
having a portion shaped to enter and ?ll the en
, 13. A safety razor blade magazine comprising
largement of the uppermost blade and to engage
an elongated casing having an exit opening at
and depress the next underlying blade.
v
65 one end, a longitudinally disposed blade-locating
8. A blade magazine having‘walls ‘forming an
rib within the casing having an elevated end por
open-end enclosure, a blade-locating member
tion, and‘ a feed slide mounted on the rib and
therein, a plurality of slotted blades, each having
guided thereby in a longitudinal path in the eas
a similar local enlargement in its slot, said blades
ing, and means within said casing for lifting the
being removably stacked on the locating member 70 slide as it approaches the end of its path as de
with their local enlargements in alternate partial
termined by the said elevated end portion of the
longitudinal registration only and with a portion
rib.
of each next subjacent blade lying within the
NICHOLAS TESTI,
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