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Oct? 15, 1946;
7' j
’ c. c. SMITH ET'AL
Filed Dec. 5, 1942
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
' '
6.6‘. SM! TH
0. l’. WA TE RS
Oct. 15', 1946.
c. c. SMITH ET‘ AL '‘ 7
Filed Dec. 5, 1942
2 Sheets-Sheet 2‘
FIG. 5
INVEN r095
6.6. SM! TM
a M WA 751%.?
Patented Oct. 15, 1946
Charles C. Smith, Cranford, and Daniel V. Waters,
Flemington, N. J ., assignors to Western Electric
Company, Incorporated, New York, N. Y., a
corporation of New York
Application December 5, 1942, Serial No. 468,014
2 Claims. ' (Cl. 68-489)
This invention relates to carrier structures,
particularly for use in dyeing and purifying ma
and I6 communicating therewith, which in the
present instance will respectively be termed an
inlet and an outlet for the casing. Brackets I!)
serve to support a centering element I9 above the
inlet I 5 without closing the inlet. A rod 20,
threaded at both ends, has one end threadedly
connected to the element I9, as illustrated in Fig.
dyes or purifying materials, under su?icient pres
1, the other end being provided with a nut 2|,
sure for the forcing of such materials through
the use of which will hereinafter be described.
the closely wound convolutions of the strands in 10 An annular support 22 is disposed concentric with
each cop. In this instance a problem has been
the inlet I5 for supporting a sealing ring 23.
presented, to provide a carrier which is suiiicient
The carrier is indicated generally at 25 and is
' 1y light in weight to permit transportation there~
illustrated more in detail in Figs. 2, 3 and 4. The
of into and out of a casing with a supply of cops
carrier has a circular supporting plate 26 with
and yet have suf?cient strength to withstand the 15 an outer periphery slightly smaller than the in
high pressures of the dyeing and purifying ma
ner periphery of the casing Ill, to allow space be
tween the carrier and the casing for the passing
An object of the invention is to provide a car
of a dyeing or purifying ?uid. A centering ele
rier particularly adapted for use in dyeing and
ment 21 is mounted in the central aperture of
> purifying cop-wound strand material.
20 the supporting plate 26 and has a conical central
With these and other objects in view, the dis
aperture 23 adapted to receive a conical end 29
The term “carrier” in the present instance re
lates to a hollow structure for supporting groups
of spools or cops of strand material on perforated
tubular elements and to receive ?uids, such as
closure relates to a carrier and the method of
forming the same including the mounting. of per
of the element I9. Through this means, as here
inafter described, the carrier may be readily cen
forated tubes upon a supporting plate, the mount
tered in the casing. At this point it may be ex
ing of a U-shaped sector to the opposite surface 25 plained that a tubular member 30 may, in assem
of the plate, and the subsequent mounting of an
bly, be disposed over the rod 20 and have its lower
gular sectors on the plate beginning at one side of
end secured in a recess 3| of the element 2i, its
the U-shaped sector and continuing in a circular
upper end being positioned to be engaged by the
path to a point spaced from the opposite side of
nut 2| and, through this means, force the carrier
the U-shaped sector, and completing the struc 30 into a sealing position against the sealing ring 23.
ture with a flat plate.
Other objects and advantages will be apparent
from the following detailed description when con
sidered in conjunction with the accompanying
drawings, wherein
Fig. 1 is a side elevational view of a machine 11
lustrating the invention, portions thereof being
Continuing with the structure of the carrier, it
should be understood that circular rows of
threaded apertures 33 are provided in the sup
porting plate 26, to receive connections 34 shown
in detail in Fig. 5.
The connections 34 are
threadedly disposed in the apertures 33 and have
supporting elements 35, in the form of tubes, dis
posed therein and supported thereby. The ele
shown in section;
Fig. 2 is a fragmentary top plan view of the
carrier, portions thereof being broken away;
ments 35 each have a multiplicity of apertures
Fig. 3 is a sectional view of the carrier taken
At this time attention is directed to the annular
36 therein which serve as fluid passageways.
substantially along the line 3~—3 of Fig. 2;
recess 31 in the upper surface of the connections
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary detail sectional View
34 shown in Fig. 5. The purpose of this recess is
taken substantially along the arcuate line 4-—4 of
to receive a cop-tube 38 and form a sealing con
Fig. 2;
45 nection therewith, the cop-tube being apertured
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary detail view illustrating
as at 39 and supporting a cop 40 of strand mate
the elements for supporting the cops, and
rial. In the present illustration four cops 40 are
Fig. 6 is a schematic illustration of the fluid
mounted upon each element 35 and are spaced
circuit including the machine.
from each other by connecting members 4I which
Referring now to the drawings, attention is 50 have double ends similar in structure to the single
?rst directed to Fig. 1, which illustrates a casing
upper end of the connection 34 (Fig. 5), having
or drum I0 provided with a cover II adapted to
recesses similar to the recess 31 in each end to
close the casing and make it ?uid-tight through
form sealing connections with the cop-tubes 38
the aid of clamps I2. The lower portion of the
of their respective cops 40. The upper ends of
casing I0, indicated at I4, has passageways I5 55 the elements 35 may be closed by nuts 43, which
serve also to apply downward pressure upon the
cop-tubes 38, the connecting members 4| and
sectors. The inner ends of the sectors are cut
away as at 69, where an annular sealing ring 10
the connection 34, so as to complete a structure
sealed against the passage of ?uid, from the pas
of the sectors as at ‘H.
sageways 35 of the elements, other than through
the apertures 39 in the various cop-tubes and
through the cops 40.
Although the invention lies mainly in the car
rier 25, these other features including the cops
is mounted and welded to the adjacent surfaces
This completes the carrier structure, the seal
ing ring 10 being positioned to rest upon the seal
ing ring 23 in the support 22, to form a sealed
1 connection between the carrier and the inlet I5.
To further illustrate the invention, a schematic
10 illustration of the ?uid control means is shown in
Fig. 6. Here the inlet [5 and the outlet l6 are
shown connected to a valve 15 and, through the
valve, a supply line ‘It is connected to the inlet
I5 and a return line ‘H is connected to the out
let IB. A fluid pump 18 is connected between
lines ‘it and Ti, to cause circulation of a ?uid
such as a dye or purifying material, the main
supply of which may be disposed in a tank 19
and supplied to the circuit through a valve 80.
40 and their associated supporting means are
included in order that a clear understanding of
the invention may be had.
Returning again to the carrier, radial ribs of
predetermined lengths, as illustrated in Figs. 1 to
4 inclusive and bearing reference numerals 45,
are secured to the under surface of the support
ing plate 23 by suitable means such as welding.
A U-shaped sector I55 is centrally disposed over
one of the ribs 45, as illustrated in Fig. 4, and has
its legs 4'! and 43 secured to the under surface of 20
Upon considering the operation of the appa
the supporting plate 25 by suitable means such as
ratus, attention is ?rst directed to apertures 85
welding. The legs 41 and 48, as will be observed
in diametrically opposed lugs integral with the
by viewing Fig. 2, extend radially from the center
tubular member 33,,Which may receive hooks or
of the plate 25. The welded portions, indicated
other means employed to assist in lowering the
at 49, are therefore at the outer surfaces of the 25 carrier and the stacks of cops into the casing l0.
legs Ill and 88. After this has been accomplished
During this step the tubular member is lowered
a plurality of angular or L-shaped sectors is suc
over the rod 20 and the carrier is centered in the
cessively mounted upon the supporting plate.
casing through the association of the conical ap
These L-shaped sectors are similar in contour to
erture 28 of the element 2'! with the conical end
the U-shaped sector 46 with the exception of one 30 29 of the element l9. The carrier is secured in
leg, the existing leg in each L-shaped sector ex
position through the nut 2| on the rod 20, form
tending radially toward the center of the sup
ing a seal at the members 10 and 23, after which
porting plate. For example, a sector 55, one of
the cover ll may be disposed in place and sealed
the L-shaped sectors, is disposed in position ad
through the aid of clamps. At this time the ma
jacent the leg 41, and has its abutting edge welded
terial, having been previously prepared and dis
to the sector 46 as at 52.. The leg of the sector
50 is welded to the plate as at 53. When the
posed in the tank 79, may be caused to circulate
in the system illustrated in Fig. 6 through the
sector 50 has been mounted, it will be apparent
aid of the pump 18. The pump 18, when driven,
that the leg thereof is positioned midway between
will force the material through the line ‘F6, valve
two of the reinforcing ribs 45, as shown in Fig. 4.
15, through inlet l5, and into the various sectors
In a similar manner successive sectors 54 are
of the carrier 25. The pressure of the material
mounted, their abutting edges being welded to
entering the carrier must be sufficiently great to
the preceding sector as at 55, while their legs,
force the material through the connections 34
which extend radially toward the center of the
at the apertures 33 into the associated elements
plate are welded, as at 56, to the supporting plate. 45 35 thereof through the apertures 35 and 39, and
These steps are continued until a ?nal sector
through the bodies of strand materials of the
58 is secured in place, leaving a portion, as at
cops 40.
In one instance the strand materials
59, between the sector 58 and the U-shaped sector
are to be uniformly dyed, and to accomplish this
46. This portion is completed by a flat sector 60
result it is apparent that the ?uid must pass
having its radial edges respectively secured to the 50 through all parts of the cops, which consist of
sector 58 and the U-shaped sector 155 by welds BI
solid bodies of closely wound strands. The pres
and B2. In this manner the ribs 45 which re
sure usually required for accomplishing this re
enforce the supporting plate 26 at the widest por
sult is between thirty and forty pounds. There
tions of the L-shaped sectors and they U-shaped
fore, the carrier has been formed so as to With
sector, are first mounted in their positions, as
these ribs will subsequently be surrounded by the
sectors upon one side and the supporting plate
on the other.
The use of the U-shaped sector 46, as a ?rst
stand this pressure and has been made suffi
ciently light in weight so as to be-readily trans
After the material passes through the cops, it
drains out of the cops over and around the car
sector for assembly, is important in view of the 60 rier 25 and passes out of the casing through the
fact that it has supporting legs for both radial
outlet it. By viewing Fig. 6, it will be observed
edges. As a result of the successive-subsequent
mounting of the angular or L-shaped sectors,
additional radial legs are provided which serve
not only as reenforcing means for the support
ing plate but as reenforcing means for the lower
portion of the carrier constituting the pie-shaped
portions of the sectors which are integral with
their respective legs excepting the ?nal sector or
that the material, in passing through the oulet
I6, returns to the valve '15 and passes through
line TI to the pump 18.
Although speci?c improvements of the inven
tion have been shown and described, it will be un
derstood that they are but illustrative and that
various modi?cations may be made therein with
out departing from the scope and spirit of this
plate 60, which receives its support from the leg 70 invention as de?ned by the appended claims.
48 of the sector 46 and the leg of the sector 58.
The outer ends of the sectors, and it may be
said the carrier, are closed by an annular mem
What is claimed is:
1. A carrier for use in carrying articles into
and out of a casing having a ?uid inlet and a
ber 65 disposed in place and welded, as at 65, to
fluid outlet together with a central support, the
the supporting plate 26 and at 61 to the various 75 carrier comprising a circular supporting plate, a
centering element mounted at the center of the
supporting plate and adapted to cooperate with
having ?uid passageways therein communicating
with the articles, a centering element mounted at
the center of the supporting plate and adapted
to cooperate with the central support to center
the central support to center the carrier in the
casing, a U-shaped sector secured to the said
the carrier in the casing, a U-shaped sector se
surface and having legs extending radially from
cured to the said surface and having legs ex
the said center, angular sectors successively se
tending radially from the said center, angular
cured to the said surface and having legs extend
sectors successively secured to the said surface
ing radially from the said center, a flat sector
and having legs extending radially from the said
secured between the U-shaped sector and. the last
angular sector to complete a circular arrange 10 center, a, ?at sector secured between the U
shaped sector and the last angular sector to com
ment of hollow sectors, means to close the outer
ends of the sectors, and means to provide com
munication between the hollow sectors and the
2. A carrier for use in carrying articles into 15
plete awcircular arrangement of hollow sectors,
means to close the outer ends of the sectors, and
means to provide communication between the
hollow sectors and the inlet.
and out of a casing having a ?uid inlet and a
?uid outlet together with a central support, the
carrier comprising a circular supporting plate
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