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. 15, 1946. ‘ R. F. BRACKE 2,409,535 _ LAVATORY AND DISYINFEC'I'ION CONTROL Filed Aug. 16. 1943 U J a,i .52? Wyr ___. 2 /. .. ///// (I)./ // /// / /// Z5; it ,F/ w m , Q” . ___. .,. w . WW/O ___. , . .____ // [1QW6 Eu : @2 / > (60 / U /7A4 ‘ 7/ / /. V / MW .2. _ a /// I: D 5 //// Fatented Oct. 15', 1.946 ‘ 2,409,535 UNITED ~ STATES PATENT OFFICE LAVATORY AND DISINFECTION CONTROL. Robert F. Bracke, Arlington Heights, 111., assign or to R. F. Bracke & Company, Chicago, 111., a partnership composed of Robert F. Bracke and Robert Anderson ' _- 1 Application August 16, 1943, Serial No. 498,810 a‘ 5 Claims. mi. @222) _ My'invention relates to lavatories, and is more particularly adapted for, but not limited to, lavatories of industrial establishments employing people who handle foodstuffs, surgical dressings, or other articles which areto be protected against contamination. .‘In my issued Patent No. 2,319,034, dated May 11, 1943, I have disclosed sanitary apparatus of a: kind adapted to be installed in the individual 2 ment through the entrance 24 controlled by this turnstile. A second turnstile 26 is located at the opposite end of the rail 26 and adjacent a sanitary basin 28 or other suitable means for disinfecting the hands of the person leaving the toilet com partment. This turnstile 26 controls the toilet compartment exit 30 and is provided with suit able ratchet mechanism to prevent people from entering the toilet compartment by way of this toilet stalls of a lavatory so that it is necessary 10 exit. The turnstile 26 is further provided with a for a person to disinfect her hands before leav latch mechanism for preventing a person from ing the stall. Such sanitary apparatus is expen leaving the toilet compartment by way of this sive to install in a large lavatory having many exit until this latch is released by operation of individual toilet stalls, and furthermore, is not the disinfecting basin 23‘. adapted to meet the needs of men’s lavatories. 15 This disinfectingbasin may be of the kind An object of my invention is to provide a new shown in my said Patent No. 2,319,034, or of any and improved lavatory which can be designed for other suitable kind, but is preferably of the type use by either men or women and which will afford disclosed and claimed in my copending applica the desired sanitary protectionat minimum ex tion Serial No.'498,809, ?led August 16, 1943, now pense. . Another object of my invention is to provide a new and improved lavatory which may be easily created by converting an existing lavatory at minimum expense. . Other objects and advantages will become ap parent as the description proceeds. In the drawing: Fig. 1 is a plan view of a conventional lavatory which has been modified to embody my invention; Patent No. 2,358,139, granted September 12, 1944. In general, such a basin comprises a divided com partment into which a person must insert both hands to operate rods for closing the two switches 32 arranged in series in a circuit connecting a 25 battery 34 or other suitable source of current with the latch releasing mechanism of the turn stile 26., The lower ends of the switch-operating rods are either immersed in “disinfecting liquid or are located beneath nozzles which discharge and disinfecting liquid upon the hands of the user Fig. 2 is a plan‘view of a specially constructed when he moves these rods to switch closing posi lavatory embodying my invention. tion. It is therefore necessary for a person seek In Fig. l I have illustrated a conventional men’s ing to leave the toilet compartment to disinfect lavatory which has been modi?ed to embody my invention. This lavatory is in the form of a single 35 his hands before the turnstile 26 will permit him to leave this section of the toilet room. The room I 0 having a combined entrance and exit I2. wires which connect the switches 32 with the A series of wash basins M are arranged along one latch mechanism of the turnstile 26 preferably wall of the room ill, whereas the opposite wall of extend under the ?oor or are attached to the this room is provided with a plurality of in dividual toilet stalls l6 and urinals l8. A rail 20 40 ceiling, so that they do not impede the exit 30. In Fig. 2 I have shown a lavatory specially is provided to divide the single room l0 into two designed to embody my invention. This lavatory compartments, one of which contains only the has two rooms, indicated generally by reference wash basins l4 and the other of which contains numerals 50 and 52. The room 50 contains only the toilet facilities. That compartment contain ing the wash basins M is immediately adjacent 45 wash basins 54 and communicates directly with the common entrance and exit 56 communicating the opening I2 through which the users of the lavatory enter and leave. with a hall or room of the factory or building in which the lavatory is located. The second room A conventional turnstile 22 is located between 52 contains the toilet stalls 58 and urinals 60 one end of the rail 29 and the adjacent wall of the room It, and this turnstile is so arranged that 50 and 62. it forms an entrance into the toilet compartment. Entrance to the second room is eifected by This turnstile is provided with the usual ratchet passing through the ?rst room and through an mechanism to prevent rotation of the movable opening.“ connecting the two rooms and forming arms in the opposite direction and thereby to a combined entrance and exit for the toilet room. prevent people from leaving the toilet compart 55 A one-way turnstile 66 controls an entrance way 2,409,535 3 68 through which a person must pass in order to reach the toilet facilities in this room. A sec ond turnstile 10 controls the exit passageway 12 and has a latch mechanism controlled by the sanitary basin 14 in the same manner in which the turnstile 26 of the previous embodiment is controlled by the sanitary basin 28 of that em bodiment. It is to be understood that my invention is not limited to the two compartments shown herein, 1 but may assume numerous other forms. Fur thermore, my invention is not limited to the uti lization of a sanitary basin to control the latch mechanism of the exit turnstile, as ‘any other suitable disinfecting mechanism may be utilized in lieu of this sanitary basin. For example, this latch mechanism might be controlled by a series of connected light switches of a cabinet for ex posing the hands to ultra violet light or other germ-killing rays, or by the manual controls of - equipment for exposing the hands to germ-killing gases or other germ-killing media, While it is advantageous to release the latch of the exit turnstile by a solenoid or other electri cally controlled apparatus, this latch or other equivalent control mechanism could be operated through ‘mechanical linkage connecting the latch with the operating rods of the sanitary basin or other disinfecting apparatus located at the dis infecting station adjacent the latch controlled exit turnstile. A gate, dOOr or other movable partition may be substituted for any or all of the turnstiles shown. While both lavatories shown are designed for use by men, my invention is equally adapted to lavatories for Women, My invention may assume numerous forms and is not to be construed'to be limited to the particu lar embodiments shown and described in detail herein, but includes all modi?cations, variations 4 leaving the toilet compartment, and means in cluding hand controlled means requiring use of said disinfecting means for releasing said mem ber. 2. A lavatory of the class described comprising a plurality of toilet facilities, a single exit from said facilities, a turnstile controlling said exit and normally preventing a person from leaving by such exit, hand disinfecting means, and means including hand controlled means controlling said turnstile and requiring use of said disinfecting means for releasing said turnstile. 3. A lavatory of the class described having a plurality of toilet ‘facilities, means providing an entrance to said facilities and an exit from said facilities, a ?rst turnstile controlling said en trance and preventing exit therethrough, a sec ond turnstile normally closing said exit, a latch for releasing said second turnstile to permit a person to pass outwardly through said exit, hand disinfecting apparatus adjacent said last named turnstile, and means requiring use of said disin fecting apparatus and including hand controlled means for releasing said latch. 4. A lavatory of the class described comprising a single room containing wash basins and toilet facilities, a railing dividing said room into a toilet compartment and a Wash basin compartment, said railing providing a single exit from said toilet compartment, a movable member normally clos ing said exit, hand disinfecting mechanism adja cent said exit, and vmeans requiring use of said disinfecting mechanism and including hand con trolled means controlling said movable member for releasing said movable member. 5. A lavatory of the class described comprising a ?rst room containing wash basins and a second room containing toilet facilities, outside entrance and exit means for said ?rst room, entrance and and equivalents coming within the following 40 exit means connecting said rooms, a ?rst turn claims. ' I claim: stile controlling passage from said ?rst room into said second room,,a second turnstile controlling 1. A- lavatory comprising toilet facilities and passage from said second room into said ?rst wash basins, means'separating that‘portion of the lavatory containing the toilet facilities from that portion of the lavatory containing the wash ba room, hand disinfecting apparatus adjacent said second turnstile, latch means for said second turnstile, and means including hand controlled means controlling said latch means and requir ing use of said disinfecting apparatus to effect release of said second turnstile. sins, said means requiring a person leaving the toilet compartment to pass a disinfecting station located at the exit from this‘ compartment, hand disinfecting means located at this station; a mov able member normally preventing a person from ROBERT F. BRACKE.