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Oct. 15, 1946.
"
‘A. BRILL ETAL
-
. ’ 2,409,533
SAFETY INTERLOCKYING' CLOTHES HANGER
FiledOci. 17, 1944‘
I
'
ARON BRILL
'
WALTER KNEISSLER
‘
'
‘
v
‘INVENTORS
WWW '
ATTORNEY
moans
Patented Oct. 15, 1946
UNITED STATES PATENT ()FFI‘CE
2,409,538
SAFETY INTERLOCKING CLOTHES HAN GER
Aron Brill, Brooklyn, N. Y., and Walter Kneissler,
Roselle, N. J.
Application October 17, 1944, Serial No. 558,992
2 Claims.
1
(01. 223-88)
2
This invention relates to garment hangers and
'more particularly to a garment hanger having
a hook structure adapted for self-locking engage
ing means. Immediately above the coiled por
tion, the wire branches outwardly and upwardly
at I8, I 5 in opposite directions to form a bifurca
ment with a supporting bar or clothes line with
tion which extends parallelly the entire height
out fear of the hanger .becomingaccidentally dis
of the hook I6 and all the way down to the
engaged and falling to the floor.
free end portion ii] of the hook.
An object of this invention is to provide a
A clamping member 20 preferably made of a
garment hanger having a bifurcated hook and
strip of sheet metal is bent around and grips
an integral spring movable into the bifurcation,
the upwardly extending side wall elements 2i of
the hanger being attachable to a supporting bar 10 the hook 16. The clamping member 20 has
by holding the hanger body in one hand and
parallel side walls which are slightly spaced
pressing the spring against the bar and causing
apart and serve to receive therebetween a ?at
swinging movement of the spring inwardly of the
leaf spring 22 in suitably ?xed relation.
hook sufficiently to provide passage for the bar
As best shown in Figure 2, the spaced-apart
into the hook, when the spring springs back into
side wall elements ‘2| form a receiving means into
the bifurcation and is mechanically interlocked
which an extension of the spring 22 is received
by
the
bifurcation
and
automatically ‘ held
‘and held from swaying to the right or left. .
against sideways sway to the right or left.
The clamping member 20 has vertically elon
Another object of this invention is to provide
gated tubular end walls 24 in which the wire is
a garment hanger having a bifurcated hook and 20 held immovably ?xed. During the motion of ‘ the
a leaf spring with an :angularly bent portion
spring 22 into the bifurcation of the hook and
which is designed to enter the bifurcated hook,
the spring having an upwardly facing extension
whereby the hanger can be lockably attached to,
back into engagement with the bifurcated free
end portion [9 of the hook, the spring 22 is pre
vented by the vertically elongated end walls of
or unlocked and removed from a supporting bar
‘by a single movement of one hand of the user
. the clamp from swaying to the right or to the
left. During the rearward movement of the
and without any manual manipulation of the
spring, its lower portion passes through openings
locking means.
25 which extend to the clamping member 28.
With the above and other objects in view, the
The portion of the clamping member 20 inter
invention will be hereinafter more particularly 30 mediate the tubular end walls 24 is ?attened into
described, and the combination and arrange
gripping engagement with the leaf spring. It is
ment of parts will be shown in the accompany
to be noted that the lower end of the leaf spring
ing drawing and pointed out in the claims which
22 is immovably held in the clamping member
form part of this speci?cation.
20 and the free upper end of the spring is held
Reference will now be had to the drawing, 35 in- the bight or receiving means l9 at the free
wherein like numerals of reference designate
end of the hook H3. The leaf spring 22 is thus
corresponding parts throughout the several
securely held against sway either to the right
views, in which:
or the left at its upper and lower ends._
Figure l is a side view of the hanger.
In operation, the leaf spring 22 moves rear~
Figure 2 is a front elevation of the hook por 40 Wardly into the hook it when forced against a
tion of the hanger shown in Figure 1.
supporting bar 26 to allow the bar to pass into
In the illustrated embodiment of the inven
the hook.
'
tion, the numeral Ill indicates a clothes hanger,
The user grasps one end portion of the body of
formed from a single length of wire. The hanger
the clothes hanger and brings the extension 2?
comprises a garment supporting body having a
forcibly against a supporting bar on which the
horizontal portion H, and angular sides, l2, l2’.
hanger is to be mounted. The pressure exerted
The sides [2, l2’ converge into a straight
by the user forces the extension 21 inwardly of
vertical portion I3. The angular side it is
the'hook sufficiently to permit the supporting
twisted into a hollow coil M.
bar 26 to enter the hook. The hanger is thus
The vertically extending portion is of the an 50 held securely and prevented from becoming dis
gular side I2’ passes through the coil Hi and is
engaged and falling to the floor.
bent into a hook it comprising a rear element
The hanger lil is designed so that it can be
I6’ and a reversely bent forward element 562.
lockably attached to, or unlocked and removed
The hook elements It’ and I62 are in spaced
from a supporting bar by a single movement of
apart relation and form a bifurcation or receiv 55 one hand of the user and without any manual
2,409,538
4
manipulation of the locking means. For this
purpose the hook l6 of the hanger in is made
considerably elongated. The spring 22 has an
angularly bent portion 28 which is designed to
enter into the free end portion IQ of the bifur
cated hook l6.
_
The angularly bent portion 28 of the spring
22 has an upwardly facing extension 30. The
of said hook, said hanger being attachable to said
bar by pressing the free end portion of said spring
below said bifurcation against said bar and caus
ing movement of said spring inwardly of said
hook and between said parallel walls su?iciently
to provide passage for said bar into said hook,
said spring having an upwardly facing angularly
directed extension, the free end of said extension
terminating past the mid portion of said bar to
free end portion 3| of the spring 22 terminates
past the mid-portion of the supporting bar 26. 10 permit said hanger to be moved upwardy into
disengagement from said bar by forcibly pressing
When it is desired to detach the hanger In from
said spring inwardly of said hook su?iciently to
the supporting bar 26, the hanger i9 is moved
upwardly to bring the extension 30 against the
provide outward passage for said bar.
bar and forcing the bent portion 28 inwardly of
2. In a clothes hanger comprising a hook for
a supporting bar, said hook having parallel walls
the bifurcated hook I6 su?iciently to permit the
spaced apart throughout its entire extent and
. free end portion it! of the hook and the spring
having a, bifurcation at its free end, an elongated
portion 28 in its rearward position, to clear op
The hanger I6 is then
leaf spring held at its lower end and intermediate
of said hook walls, said spring having an an
disengaged from the bar 26.
In accordance with the patent statutes, we 20 gularly bent portion extending into interengage
ment with said bifurcation and being held
have described and illustrated the preferred em
thereby against lateral sway, a clamp in fixed
bodiments of our invention, but it will be under
engagement with both of said walls, said clamp
stood that various changes and modi?cations can
holding said spring in immovable engagement
be made therein without departing from the
spirit of the invention as de?ned by the ap
with the lower end portion of said hook, said
hanger being attachable to said bar by pressing
pended claims.
the free end portion of said spring below said
We claim:
1. In a clothes hanger comprising a hook for a
bifurcation against said bar and causing move
supporting bar, said hook having parallel walls
ment of said spring inwardly of said hook and
spaced apart throughout its entire extent and 30 between said parallel walls su?iciently to provide
having a bifurcation at its free end, an elongated
passage for said bar into said hook, said spring
having an upwardly facing angularly directed
leaf spring pivotally held at its lower end and
intermediate of said hook walls, said spring hav
extension, the free end of said extension termi
ing an angularly bent portion extending into
nating past the mid portion of said bar to permit
interengagement with said bifurcation and being 35 said hanger to be moved upwardly into disengage
held thereby against lateral sway, a clamp having
ment from said bar by forcibly pressing said
spring inwardly of said hook sufficiently to pro
vertically elongated tubular end walls in ?xed
engagement with both of said walls, the portion
vide outward passage for said bar.
of said clamp intermediate said end walls being
ARON BRILL.
flattened, said clamp holding said spring in im 40
movable engagement with the lower end portion
WALTER KNEISSLER,
" posite sides of the bar 26.
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