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Патент USA US2409626

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R. W. HAASE
Q
'
2,409,625
.
SEPARATOR
Filed. Nov. 26, 1942
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
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r BY
1
{/1 v
ATTORNEY
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‘ ‘
Patented Oct. 22, 1946 .
2,409,625
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,409,625
SEPARATOR
Robert W. Haase, West?eld, N. J., assignor to
Foster Wheeler Corporation, New York, N. Y., a
. corporation of New York
Application November 26, 1942, Serial No. 467,071
10 Claims.
(01. 183-83)
1
2
This invention relates to separators and‘ more
relationship thereto and to the dry pipes. Each
particularly pertains to the separation of sub
stances of different speci?c gravity from mixtures
of these baffles 20 and 2| is concavo-convex in
transverse cross-sectional con?guration, with the
concave side facing the dry pipe adjacent to
which it is disposed, and with its transverse axis
inclined to the vertical upwardly and outwardly
from the aforesaid plane. Baf?es 22 and 23, gen
erally U-shaped in cross-sectional con?guration,
thereof.
The invention will be disclosed as embodied in
apparatus for the separation of steam and water
from a mixture of the same, but it will be under
stood that the invention is not limited thereto but
is capable of application generally to the separa
are disposed below the dry pipes I2 and I3 re
tion of substances of different speci?c gravity 10 spectively, and each has the upper end of its outer
from mixtures of such substances.
leg secured to the lower portion of the adjacent
The invention will be understood from the fol
dry pipe and the upper end of the inner leg spaced.
lowing description when considered in connection
from the lower portion of the dry pipe, as shown.
with the accompanying drawings forming a part
A U-shaped member 24, extending for substan
thereof, and in which:
15 tially the length of the dry pipes and with the
Fig. 1 is a more or less diagrammatic view, in
upper ends of the legs thereof secured to the inner
transverse section, of a steam and water drum‘of a
portions of the ba?ies 22 and 23, and with its lower
steam generator, having separating apparatus
portions disposed at an elevation below the nor- ,
embodying the invention;
mal water level in the ‘drum, provides a drain‘
-
Fig. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view, on a ,re
duced scale, taken on line 2—2 of Fig. 1;
‘
20 trough for the water separated from the steam
and water mixture. Each dry pipe has a plu
Fig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. 1 showing an
other form of the invention;
Fig. 4 is a partial transverse sectional view of a
rality of spaced apertures 25 in its lower portion,
within the area included between the legs of the
U-shaped baffle 22 or 23.
steam drum having another form of separating 25 In operation, a mixture of steam and water is
apparatus embodying the invention, and
delivered to the drum In through the steam gen
Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. ,1 showing a fur
erating tubes II and flows upwardly through the
ther form of the invention. ‘
water in the drum, through the steam space 26
Like characters of reference refer to the same .
therein, and through the relatively narrow elon
or to similar parts throughout the several views. 30 gated passages I4 and I5 between the dry pipes
Referring to Figs. 1 and 2 of the drawings, ref
I2 and I3 respectively, and the inner wall of the
erence character In designates a steam and water
drum, after which it flows between the ba?ies l9
drum of a steam ‘generator having a bank of '
and 20 and between the ba?‘les 2|] on one side,
steam generating tubes II connected at their up
and between the battles I9 and 2I and between
per ends to the lower portion of the steam drum. >
the ba?les 2I on the other side. The steam and
water mixture thus is directed in a curved path,
which will cause the water in the mixture, due
The drum has two dry pipes‘ I2 and I3 which are
disposed within the drum in the upper portion
thereof on opposite sides of a vertical plane pass
ing through the longitudinal axis of the drum.
and closely adjacent to the inner wall of the drum
to provide passages I4 and I5 respectively. The
dry pipes are connected together at their central
portions by a transverse connecting pipe I6 which
has a vertically extending pipe‘ H, the upper end
to centrifugal force, to flow into the space be
tween the rows of baf?es 2H and 2|, and the steam
to ?ow between the dry pipes and the row of
battles adjacent thereto. The water, thus sep
arated from the mixture, will fall through the
drain trough 24 and into the body of water in the
bottom of the drum. The separated steam flow
45 ing through the passages between the dry pipes
of which connects with a steam nozzle I8 extend
ing from the upper central portion of the drum It.
A V-shaped ba?le I9 with concavo-convex legs,
has the upper ends of its legs secured to the inner
wall of the drum above the dry pipes I2 and I3,
and with its apex in the vertical longitudinal 50
plane passing through the longitudinal axis of
the drum. Vertical rows of vertically spaced,
horizontal ba?les 20 and 2 I, extend longitudinally
of the drum between the dry pipes and on op
posite sides of the aforesaid plane and in spaced
and the baiiles 2B and 2|, will ?ow into the U
shaped ba?‘les 22 and 23 and after making an
abrupt change in direction of ?ow, will pass
through the apertures 25 into the dry pipes I2
and I3, through the connecting pipe I6 and
through pipe H to the steam nozzle I8. With
this arrangement, the water will be separated
from the steam and water mixture, and substan
tially dry steam will ?ow into the dry pipe and
55 from the steam nozzle I8.
2,409,625
3
4
The form of the invention shown in Fig. 3 is
the same as the form shown in Figs. 1 and 2, ex
cepting that in lieu of the ba?ies 2G and 2!, each
dry pipe l2 and I3 has a substantially semi
of the ends of the drum, and the water separated
from the mixture in the chamber 35 flows to the
ends of the baiile 33 and into the body of water
circular shaped baiile 2?, disposed below the pipe 5
and in the space between the pipes, with the
outer edge of the ba?le secured to the lower outer
in the drum.
The forms of the invention disclosed are pre
ferred forms and changes may be made in the
form, location and relative arrangement of the
portion of the dry pipe and with the inner edge
several parts of the apparatus disclosed without
disposed adjacent to but in spaced relationship
departing from the principles of the invention.
to the upper inner portion of the dry pipe, as 10 In view thereof, it is understood that the inven
shown. Each dry pipe also has a longitudinally
tion is not to be limited excepting by the scope
extending ba?ie 28 which projects horizontally
from the upper central portion of the dry pipe
of the appended claims.
'
What is claimed is:
toward the baffle H! but terminates short of the
1. Apparatus for the separation of substances
baille iii. The portions of the baffles 21 which lie
of different speci?c gravity i'rom mixtures there
between the dry pipes, are spaced apart to pro
of, comprising means forming an enclosure into
vide a water passage 29. The operation of this
which a mixture of said substances is delivered,
form of the invention is substantially the same
a plurality of tubular members in the enclosure
as the operation of the form shown in Figs. 1
disposed adjacent each other in spaced relation
and 2, excepting that after the steam and water 20 ship and adjacent a wall of the enclosure and
mixture has passed through the passages I4 and
providing therewith a plurality of passages
If), it is forced to make an abrupt change in direc
through which said mixture ?ows, ba?le means
tion of how to enter the area between the inner
secured to the wall of the enclosure and ex
ends of the baiiles 2i and 2'3, thereby separating
tending toward the space between the tubular
out water which will ?ow into the passage 29 and
members for directing the mixture ?owing from
through the drain trough to the body of water
said passages into said space, a plurality of sub
in the drum. The steam flowing into the space
stantially vertical rows of spaced baffles posi
between the dry pipes and the ba?les 21, ?ows
tioned in said space in the path of ?ow of the
through these spaces and into the dry pipes
mixture directed into the space by said ba?le
through the apertures 25 therein, and into and 30 means, each row being disposed adjacent a tubu
through the steam nozzle l8.
lar member and spaced from another row, said
The form ‘of the invention shown in Fig. 4 is
mixture impinging against said baffle means and
like the form shown in Figs. 1 ‘and 2, excepting
said bailie thereby separating the substances of
that the V-shaped baiile I9 is replaced by two
lighter and heavier speci?c gravity, each tubular
ba?les 39, which have vertically extending por 35 member having a plurality of apertures in the
tions in contact with each other between the
portion thereof remote from said wall and said
ba?ies 20 and 2! and have upwardly and out
rows of bailles, baffle means secured to each
wardly curved portions above the ba?les 20 and
tubular member adjacent the apertured portion
21, the upper ends of which are secured to the
and extending in spaced relationship with said
inner wall of the drum. The operation of this 40 apertured portion for directing the separated
form of the invention is substantially the same
substance of lighter speci?c gravity into said
as the form shown in Figs. 1 and 2, excepting
apertures, and a drain trough secured to the
that the vertically extending portions of the baf
last mentioned ba?ie means.
?es 39 will prevent the steam and water mixture
2. Apparatus for the separation of substances
flowing through the passage Ill from impinging 45 of different speci?c gravity from mixtures there
upon the ba?les 2i ‘and ?owing between these
of, comprising means forming an enclosure into
bailies into the space between the baffle 23 and
which a mixture of said substances is delivered,
the dry pipe I3, and similarly with respect to the
a plurality of tubular members in the enclosure
mixture ?owing through the passage I5.
disposed adjacent each other in spaced relation
In the form shown in Fig. 5, a single ‘dry pipe 50 ship and adjacent a wall of the enclosure and
3! is employed in the upper central portion of
providing therewith a plurality of passages
the drum, adjacent the inner wall of the drum
through which said mixture flows, baille means
to provide a steam and water mixture passage 32.
secured to the wall of the enclosure and extend
A single longitudinally extending baffle 33 of
ing toward the space between the tubular mem
J-shape generally, has the upper end of the 55 bers but terminating short thereof for directing
curved portion ‘secured to the upper central por
the mixture flowing from said passages into said
tion of the dry pipe and the outer end of the
space, a plurality of substantially vertical rows
plane portion secured to‘ the inner wall of the
of spaced baffles positioned in said space in the
drum at approximately the normal water level
path of flow of the mixture directed into the
thereof. The ba?ie 33 divides‘ the steam space 60 space by said baiiie means, each row being dis
of the drum into a chamber 34 and a chamber 35.
posed adjacent a tubular member and spaced
In operation, the steam and water mixture ?ows
from another row said mixture impinging against
into the chamber 34, through the passage 32, into
said ba?le means and said baffle thereby sep
the chamber 35, and downwardly therein until
arating the substances of lighter and heavier
it is forced to make an abrupt change in direction 65 speci?c gravity, each tubular member having a
of ?ow to enter the apertures 36 in the dry pipe.
plurality of apertures in the portion thereof
As shown, the apertures 35 are located in the
remote from said wall and said rows of baffles,
ba?le means secured to each tubular member
lower portion of the dry pipe and in that portion
which is adjacent the curved part of the baffle 33.
adjacent the apertured portion and extending
With this arrangement, the water will be sepa 70 in spaced relationship with said apertured por
rated from the steam and water mixture when
tion for directing the separated substance of
the mixture is forced to make an abrupt change
lighter speci?c gravity into said apertures, and
in direction of ?ow in the chamber 35 in order
a drain trough secured to the last mentioned
for the steam to enter the dry pipe 3! through
ba?ie means,
the apertures 36. The ba?le 33 terminates short 75 3. Apparatus for the separation of substances
2,409,625
5
6
of different speci?c gravity from mixtures there-1
of, comprising means‘ forming an enclosure into
which a mixture of said substances is delivered,
impinges thereupon separating substances of
lighter and heavier speci?c gravity,‘ the plates
being spaced from the adjacent tubular member .
a plurality of'tubular‘members in the enclosure
and from one another to provide passages there
disposed adjacent each other in spaced rela
between, said tubular member having apertures
tionship and adjacent a wall of the enclosure
remote from said Wall and beyond said plates in
and providing therewith a plurality of passages
the direction of flow of the mixture toward which
apertures the separated substance of lighter
through which said mixture flows, ba?ie means
secured to the wall of the enclosure and extend—
gravity ?ows in said path of flow and enters.
ing toward and into the space between the 10 -6. Apparatus for the separation of substances
tubular member for directing the mixture flow
of di?erent speci?c gravity from mixtures‘there
ing from said passages into said space, a plu
of, comprising means forming an enclosure into
rality of substantially vertical rows of spaced
which a mixture of said substance is delivered,
baffles positioned in said‘space in the path of
at least one tubular member disposed adjacent ‘a
?ow of the mixture directed into the space by 15 wall of the enclosure and providing therewith a
said baffle means, said mixture impinging against
passage through which said mixture flows, ba?ie ‘
said baffle means and said baffle thereby separat
means associated with said passage against which
ing the substances of lighter and heavier speci?c
the mixture ?owing from the passage impinges,
gravity, each row being disposed adjacent a tubu
means forming a path of ?ow for the mixture
lar member and spaced from another row, each 20 said ba?ie being adapted to direct the mixture
tubular member having a plurality of apertures
into the path of ?ow and substantially circum
in the portion thereof remote from said wall and‘
ferentially of the tubular member, a plurality
of plates arranged adjacent said tubular member
said rows of baiiles, baiile means secured to each
tubular member adjacent the apertured portion
and extending ‘axially‘thereof and disposed in
and extending in spaced relationship with said 25 said path of flow so that the mixture impinges
apertured portion for directing the , separated
thereupon separating substances of lighter and
substance of lighter speci?c gravityinto said
heavier speci?c gravity, the plates being spaced
from said adjacent tubular member and from
one another to provide passages therebetween,
apertures, and a drain trough secured to the
- last mentioned ba?ie means.
4. Apparatus for the separation of substances 30 said tubular member having apertures remote
of different speci?c gravity from mixtures there
from said wall and beyond said plates in the
of, comprising means forming an enclosure into
which a mixture of_ said'substances is delivered,
a plurality of tubular members in the enclosure
direction of flow of the mixture toward which
apertures the separated substance of lighter
gravity flows in said path of ?ow, and directing
disposed adjacent each other in spaced relation 35 means associated with said tubular member in
ship and adjacent a wall of the enclosure and
the portion thereof having said apertures for
providing therewith a plurality ‘of passages
directing the lighter substance from the path of '
through which said mixture ?ows, ba?ie means
?ow into the apertures.
secured to the wall of the enclosure and ex
'7. Apparatus for the separation of substances
tending toward and into the space between the 40 of di?erent speci?c gravity from mixtures there;
tubular members and in spaced relationshipwith
of, comprising means forming an enclosure into
each of said members, a substantially vertical
which a mixture of said substance is delivered, at
row of spaced baffles positioned in each space
least one tubular member disposed adjacent‘ a
between a tubular member and saidba?ie means
wall of the enclosure and providing therewith a
in spaced relationship to both in the path of 45 passage through which said mixture ?ows, baffle
?ow of the mixture directed into the space by
means associated with said passage against which
said baflie means, said mixture impinging against
said ba?le means and said baiile thereby separat
ing the substances of lighter and heavier speci?c
gravity, each tubular member having a plurality 50
the mixture ?owing from the passage impinges,
of apertures in the portion thereof remote from
means forming a path of ?ow for the mixture,
said ba?ie ‘being adapted to direct the mixture
into the path of ?ow and substantially circum
ferentially of the tubular member, and a plu
said wall and said vertical row of spaced baffles,
baflie means secured to each tubular member
rality of plates arranged adjacent said tubular
member and extending axially thereof and dis
adjacent the apertured portion and extending in
spaced relationship with said apertured portion
for directing the separated ‘substance of lighter
posed in said path of flow so that the mixture
55,
impinges thereupon separating substances of
lighter and heavier speci?c gravity, said plates
speci?c gravity into said apertures, and a drain
trough secured to the last mentioned baffle
being concavo-convex in cross-section and dis
posed with the concave surface thereof toward
means.
,
the tubularv member and spaced from said ad
5. Apparatus for the separation of substances 60 jacent tubular member and from one another to
of different specific gravity from mixtures there
provide passages therebetween, said tubular
of, comprising means forming an enclosure into
member having apertures remote from said wall
and beyond said plates in the direction of flow
which a mixture of said substance is delivered, at
least one tubular member disposed adjacent a
of the mixture toward which apertures the sep
wall of the enclosure and providing therewith a 65 arated substance of lighter gravity ?ows in said
passage through which said mixture flows, ba?le
path of flow and enters.
8. Apparatus for the separation of substances
means associated with said passage against which
the mixture ?owing from the passage impinges,
of different speci?c gravity from a mixture
thereof, comprising means forming an enclosure
means forming a path of flow for the mixture,
said baffle being adapted to direct the mixture 7,0 into which a mixture of said substance is de
into the path of flow and substantially circum
livered, at least one tubular member disposed
adjacent a wall of the enclosure and providing
ierentially ofv the tubular member, and a plu
therewith a passage through which said mixture
rality of plates arranged adjacent said tubular
?ows, baffle means associated with said passage
member and extending axially thereof and dis
posed. in said path of ?ow so that the ‘mixture 75 against which the mixture ?owing from the
If
2,409,625
7
8
passage impinges, means forming a path of flow
bers having apertures remote from said wall and
beyond the plates in the direction of ?ow of the
mixture toward which apertures the separated
substance of lighter gravity ?ows in said path
for the mixture, said ba?ie being adapted to
direct the mixture into the path of flow and sub
stantially circumferentially of the tubular mem
ber, a plurality of plates arranged adjacent said
tubular member and extending axially thereof
and disposed in said path of ?ow so that the
of ?ow and enters.
.
10. Apparatus for the separation of substances
of different speci?c gravity from mixtures there
of, comprising means forming an enclosure into
stances of lighter and heavier speci?c gravity,
which a mixture of said substance is delivered,
said plates being concave-convex in cross-section 10 a plurality of tubular members in the enclosure
and disposed with the concave surface thereof
disposed adjacent each other in spaced relation
mixture impinges thereupon separating sub
toward the tubular member and spaced from said
adjacent tubular member and from one another
ship and adjacent a wall of the enclosure and
providing therewith a passage between a tubular
member and the wall through which passage said
to provide passages therebetween, said tubular
member having apertures remote from said wall 15 mixture ?ows, ba?‘le means associated with each
and beyond said plates in the direction of ?ow
tubular member against which the mixture ?ow
of the mixture toward which apertures the sep
ing from said passage impinges, said ba?ie being
arated substance of lighter gravity flows in said
adapted to direct the mixture in a path of ?ow
path of ?ow and enters.
substantially circumferentially of the tubular
9. Apparatus for the separation of substances 20 member with which the vba?le is associated and
of di?erent speci?c gravity from mixtures there
into the space between adjacent tubular mem
of, comprising means forming an enclosure into
bers, a plurality of concavo-convex plates, said
which a mixture of said substance is delivered,
plates being spaced from each other and ar
a plurality of tubular members in the enclosure
ranged to extend axially of the tubular members
disposed adjacent each other in spaced relation 25 in a group adjacent each tubular member with
ship and adjacent a wall of the enclosure and
the concave surface thereof directed toward the
providing therewith a passage between a tubular
adjacent tubular member, the plates being dis
member and the wall through which passage said
posed in said path of ?ow so that the mixture
mixture ?ows, ba?le means associated with each
impinges thereupon separating substances of
tubular member against which the mixture flow 30 lighter and heavier speci?c gravity, the group of
ing from said passage impinges, said ba?ie being
plates being spaced from each other and from
adapted to direct the mixture in a path of flow
the adjacent tubular member, said tubular mem
substantially circumferentially of the tubular
bers having apertures remote from said Wall and
member with which the ba?‘le is associated and
beyond the plates in the direction of flow of
into the space between adjacent tubular mem 35 the mixture toward which apertures the sep
bers, and a plurality of spaced plates arranged
arated substance of lighter gravity ?ows in said
in a group adjacent each tubular member and
path of flow, and directing means associated with
extending axially thereof, the plates being dis
said tubular members in the portion thereof
posed in said path of flow so that the mixture
having the apertures for directing the lighter
impinges thereupon separating substances of 40 substance from the path of ?ow into the aper
lighter and heavier speci?c‘gravlty, the group of
tures.
plates being spaced from each other and from
ROBERT W. HAASE.
the adjacent tubular member, said tubular mem
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