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Патент USA US2409652

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Oct. 22, i946.
M. R. WILLIAMS
Y
2,409,651
APPARATUS FOR UNBELTING AMMUNITION
Filed March l, 1944
2 Sheets-Sheet ‘1v
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Oct. 2%
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M. R. WILLIAMS Y '
APPARATUS FÓR UNBELTING AMMUNITION
Filed March 1, 1944
_2,409,651`
2 sheets-sheet 2 .
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Marle B__Will’ìams
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Patented Oct. 22, 1946
l 2,409,551
Unirse STAT ss PATENT ortica I
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2,409,651
APPARATUS FOR UNBELTING AMMUNITION
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Merle n. williams, san Antonie, rex.
Application'March 1, 1944, Serial No. 524,565
ì
10 Claims.
(o1. sei-4s.)
(Granted under the act of March 3, 1883, as
, amended April 30, 1928; 370 O. G. 757)
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The invention described herein may be manu
factured and used by or for- the Government for
For unloading, the cartridges are placed in the
grooves 2 with points toward the pusher bar 6
governmental purposes without »the payment'to
and a jig 9 is placed over the machine to hold the
links 5 while the pusher bar 5 forces the car
tridges out of the links.
The jig 9, in a preferred embodiment, com
me of any royalty thereon.
»
This invention relates to ammunition belt load
ing machines in generaLand in particular to a
modification thereof in the form of an adaptor
prises-a framework having two similar end pieces
providing for unloading operations.
It is frequently necessary to unbelt and rebelt
ammunition. When ammunition is unbelted by
hand, the link is often twisted so as to bind, and
a much greater force is required to free the car
tridge from the link, resulting in forcing the
v10
I@ and a center piece III' and cross-bracing mem
bers Il and i2. Fastened to cross member I2 is
a series of parallel spacers I3 designed to overlie
the ridges Ill between grooves 2 to form slide com
partments for the separate cartridges and to
form, at their rear, a stop for the links 5. Slots
i5 in the end pieces and :center piece receive the
percentage of short rounds. On the other hand, 15 links. The iront ends oi spacers I3 abut against
the ridges I6 between serrations ¿I in the front
ii a cartridge is pushed straight out of a link the
ilange 3. A handle Il facilitates placing and re
Íorce required .is much less and the probability
moval of the jig.
of short rounds is considerably lessened.
,
With the belt in place with cartridges reversed
According to the invention, a jig is provide
which is adapted to be used with the ordinary 20 and the jig set thereover, the pusher bar 6 is
actuated by means of the handle 'I. The thrust
gang belt loading machine, which holds the car
is ñrst communicated to the points of the car
tridges in such manner that only a straight axial
tridges and hence the links E. Since spacers I3
force is applied.
are stopped by ridges I5, the links are held while
It is therefore an object of the invention to
provide for unloading of cartridge belts by ‘ the cartridges are pushed therefrom by action of
pusher bar 6 and the cartridges being steadied by
straight axial pressure.
>spacers I3, the thrust is continued in a straight
It is a further object of the invention to pro
line without distortion of the links.
vide a device whereby a belt loading machine will
The rear cross-bracing member II and mem
be adapted for unloading purposes.
The speciiic nature of the invention as well as 30 bers IB and Iii' serve the additional function of
forming a stop for the pusher rod t so that it will
other objects and advantages thereof will clearly
bullet into the cartridge case and causing a high
appear from a description of a preferred embodi
ment as shown in the accompanying drawings in
which:
Figure 1 is a top plan view of the belt loading
machine with reversed cartridges and with the
unloading jig in place.
_
' not continue forward to damage the points or
jam the bullet into the cartridge case after the
cartridge has been freed from its links.
It will be seen that the device of the invention
is simple and speedy, permits an additional use
for a machine already in use and results in more
eñicient operation of unloading with fewer short
Figure 2 is a front perspective View of Figure 1.
rounds.
Figure 3 is a side view of Figure l.
40
I claim:
Figure 4 is a view similar to Figure 1, showing
1. In combination with a gang loader ammu
the machine in position at the end of the car
nition belt ñlling machine having a bed for slid
tridge removing stroke, and
ing motion of cartridges, means spanning said
Figure 5 is a perspective view of the unload
bed and positioned to obstruct sliding motion of
ing jig.
45 the cartridge belt when the cartridges are re
Referring to the drawings by characters of ref
versed from their loading position.
erence there is shown a well-known type of belt
2. In combination with a gang loader ammu
loading machine comprising a bed plate I having
nition belt ñlling machine having a bed with
grooves for sliding motion of cartridges, means
grooves 2 for »the reception of Cartridges and belt
links. A front flange 3 with serrations ¿I aligned 50 spanning said bed and'positioned to obstruct slid
ing motion of the cartridge belt and overlie the
with the grooves 2 serves as a stop for the belt
cartridges, said means having spacers positioned
links 5 in the normal use of the machine when
between said grooves to guide the cartridges.
the >cartridges are urged point first therethrough
by a, pusher bar B actuated by a handle -I and
levers 8.
3. With a gang loader ammunition belt ñlling
55 machine having a bed with grooves for sliding
2,409,651
3
4
motion of cartridges and stop means. for a car
transversely but hold the same against motion
tridge belt and means for urging cartridges along
along the grooves, said spacer means terminating
short of a belt between said slots, and said end
pieces being of a length to stop the said pusher
means short of the length of a cartridge from the
said stop means.
8.- A jig comprising parallel end plates, a cross
said groove, the combination of means spanning
said bed and having stop means for the cartridge
belt intermediate the said urging means and the
position of the normal stop means for said belt.
4. For use with a gang loader ammunition belt
filling machine, anÍadapter for unloading com
prising end pieces and bridging means thereforand spacer means carried by said bridging means'
and adapted to receive cartridges therebetween
vmember joining the same in a-manner to leave a
passage therebetween for accommodation of car
tridges, a series of equidistant plates parallel to
but shorter than the end plates fastened to the
for sliding motion.
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cross member, and a slot in an edge of each of the
end plates aligned each with the other but out of
5. In an adapter as in claim 4, slots in said end
line with the shorter plates.
pieces for accommodating a cartridge belt trans
9. A jig comprising a bank of parallel compart
versely of the spacer means.
ments for . sliding action of cartridges, said jig
6. In an adapter as in claim 4, slots in said end
pieces for accommodating a cartridge belt, said
open on two ends and one face, and a transverse
passage for accommodation of a cartridge beltspacer means terminating short of said slots. '
7. For use with a gang loader ammunition belt
10. As an improved article of manufacture an
ñlling machine having parallel grooves for the 20 unloader for the purpose described comprising a
sliding of cartridges, stop means for a belt at one
rectilinear base cross bar adapted to be set against
end of said grooves and pusher means for car
the stop bar of a link loader _of the character de
tridges at the other end of said grooves, an
scribed, and a plurality of thin parallel abutment
adapter comprising end pieces and bridging
fingers iixed o-n the cross bar and extending at
means therefor, spacer means carried by said 25 right angles from one side thereof in planes nor
bridging means and adapted to seat between the
malto the mean plane of the article.
said grooves and abut the stop means; slots in
said end pieces to accommodate a cartridge belt
MERLE R. WILLIAMS.
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