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Патент USA US2409674

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0d‘. 22, 194.6- '
w. G. GLASCOFF, JR.. ETAL
FIBERBOARD CONTAINER HAVING REINFORCED ENDS
AND INTEGRAL HINGED CLOSURE
Filed Jan. 12,1945
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2.409,673
2 Sheets-Sheet l
Oct. 22, 1946.
w. s. GLASCOFF, JR., ETAL
FIBEHBOARD CONTAINER HAVING REINFORCED ENDS
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AND INTEGRAL HINGED CLOSURE
Filed Jan. 12, 1945
15/54
2.409573
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2 Sheets-Sheet 2
Patented Oct. 22, 1946
2,409,673
STAT
FORCED ENDS 'AND‘ INTEGRAL HINGED
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CLOSURE ,
Walter
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Glasco?,‘ in, and ‘Charles
Milwaukee,
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Evert,
Wis., assignors ‘to Downing Box
Company, Milwaukec,
Wisconsin
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,Wis.,-. a‘corporation-‘of
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Application January :12; ‘1945, Serial~No.“572',4‘44 -
eclaims. (craze-23)
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This invention relates to improvements in'containers, and more particularly to containers
adapted for the transportation and handling of
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provide a container, as above described, having
complementary hinged covers wherein each'cover
memberjis formed with side and end ?anges, and
whereinthecontainer end walls are provided with
upper edge slots for receiving the meeting side
?anges and with-upper edge grooves or channels
bottled or canned beverages such as beer. ‘
‘ Containers formed of ?berboard have in re
cent years, because of ‘their relatively inexpensive
nature ‘and lightness in weight, become increas
for receiving the end ?anges of the cover mem
bers. The construction of‘ the present invention
inglypopular‘foruse as beverage ‘cases in lieu of
the wooden boxes formerly employed. Two types
is 1‘anjmprovement; over'the construction of Rich
of ?berboard containers are ‘commonly used; One 10 ardsand‘Evert’ application, Serial No. 521,936,
?ledFebruary 11, 1944,~now matured into Patent
type,- the' single shipment variety, ‘is v‘formed of
N'o"_-;,2,38_2,819,~ and Richards and Evert applica
relativelyAlight-weight ?berboard and'is of ‘a very
inexpensive nature‘. ‘The other type, ‘withiwhich
tion, Serial ‘No. 545,792 ?led‘July 20‘,-1944,,n_ow
maturedinto Patent No.‘ 2,387,184, in that the end
the present inventiorr‘is c'once‘rned,‘must be‘con
structed to stand up satisfactorily when're-used 15 walls are“ so formed as to‘ increase the rigidity
thereof and provide a smooth external surface,
seven or eight times. " Containers of ‘this latter
The upper edge cover-.flangeereceiving channels
variety as'heretofore constructed have, ‘however,
are concealedifrom viewiwhenlooking at an end
of ‘the box,»; and- the=channels "do not provide pro
been objectionable for a number of reasons. In
asmuch as it is common practice to ‘pick up a'
beverage case‘by the ‘hand hole‘ of .one end “wall 20 jections? from‘ :the- tends, f of .lthe , container which ‘
might catch on» objects during "handlingand cause
only, a great deal ‘of strain is'placed on saidend
wall, causing tearing, particularly at the corners.
damage to the contain/err;Furthermore,the con
' struction» is such‘ that "thechannels' are braced
In addition, the usual ?berboard container of this
againstoutward ?exing};
type will not withstand‘ a large‘amount of inward
pressure on the side ‘or’top and .will not with; 25 1 *A' further; and more speci?c object of s the in
vention'is to provide "a construction wherein each
end wall channel is preferably formed ‘integral
stand- pressures applied to two diagonally op
posite corners. Furthermore; difficulty has been‘
with andis embraced by inner and outer ‘end
wall layers,- each channel including a portion bent
It is, therefore, a, general object of theip'resent’ ‘30 downwardly from the upper edge of an inner end
wall layer‘ and then upwardly to join the upper
invention to provide an improved ?berboard'c'on
edge of an outer end wall layer, theupper edge of
tainer which is constructed ‘in a novél manner
the- inner‘ layer and the downwardlyvbent chan
to provide greater rigidity in all directions. Thus
nel-forming portion being provided with an upper
the ,box=wi1l‘withstand the usual rough handling,
encountered in maintaining the hinged ‘covers
against popping ‘open during handling. ‘
' the containers‘ can be stacked one on top‘ ‘of an
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edgesl‘ot.
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other without' fear of crushing those below, and
- A further‘speci?ciobject"ofltheinvention ‘isto'
the .containersycannot' be‘: injured‘ whenlpr'essures
provide“, a ' container: as; above ~rde'scribed;= having
of ‘the usual ‘type are applied‘ to two ' diagonally
end»; wall; ‘channels;l wherein the, horizontal fold
line-between the “downwardly and-upwardly bent
> VA jfurther object of ‘thein'ven'ti‘on 'is to'provide 40 channel-forming parts is ‘slotted at its ends .for
receiving “the upper ‘portions of the side wall
a container including complementary hinged
flanges ‘in’ a “Bliss” type of box. Thus, the upper
coverstt'he :covers and‘end walls being constructed
opposite
corners.
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in a novel'imann‘er- to cooperate with each other
ends ‘of these side wall ?anges are received be
in producing a bracing e?ect against both‘inward
tween the downwardly and upwardly bent por
tions of the channels and the remainder of each
and outward strains when the covers are closed.
A further object of the inventi‘on'is 'to'provide
side wall ?ange is embraced betweenthe-inner
a container of the class described wherein'the
covers are maintained'?rmly' in‘. position‘ even
when the box is subjected to diagonal‘pressures.
. and‘ outer end wall ‘layers. By this-arrangement
A further-‘object of theiin'vention is’ito provide‘
the Ydownwardly and upwardlyj-bentTchannel
‘forming portions are 'held in properly separated
{condition for readily'receiving the end flanges of
a container-formed‘of ?berboard’ or the like which" ' ‘the'cover members. ‘Furthermore, the end wall
channels“ do ~ not‘ project ‘an undesired distance
has-such strength, rigidity,'rand resistance to tear-'
beyond the surfaces of the inner layers of the end
ing "or breaking‘ forces that it can be re-used a
relatively large number ‘of times‘.
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_ A more speci?c object‘ of the ‘invention is ‘to’
walls,“~'-and1 said channels'are neatly concealed be
tween the innerfand outer-end ‘Wall layers.
2,409,673
With the above and other objects in view the
invention consists of the improved container and
all its parts and combinations, as set forth in the
claims and all equivalents thereof:
In the accompanying drawings illustrating one
complete embodiment of the preferred form of
the invention, in which the same reference num-y
erals designate the same parts in all of the views:
When the end walls are assembled in the con
tainer the downwardly folded channel-forming
portions 34 contact the inner sides of the upper
edges of the ?anges l9 connected with the side
walls, as is clear from Figs. 1 and 2.
The up
wardly folded channel-forming portion 35 con
tacts the outer sides of the upper ends of the side
This arrangement is permitted
by the slots 38, which slots receive the upper
with the cover sections open;
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10 ends of the ?anges l9. Thus these upper ends of
the ?anges [9 space the two portions 34 and 35
Fig. 2 is an end view with the covers closed,
of the channels a required'distance apart. In
parts being broken away;
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addition, this arrangement prevents the channel
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary verticalsectionalview
forming members from projecting too far out
taken on line 3—3 of Fig. 2;vv V
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Fig. 4 is a sectional view taken on line 4-4 of 15 wardly from the ends of the box. The outer end
wall layer 41 is folded downwardly on the outer
Fig. 3;
sides of the ?anges l9 and 20 to conceal the
Fig. 5 is a plan view of one’of the cut and scored "
end Wall blanks before folding; and
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latter and the folds 34 and 35. Thus the end
walls present a smooth appearance and there are
Fig. 6 is a perspective view of the blank'of Fig.
5 after the upper edge portions have been folded 20 no projections to catch on objects during use.
Staples 4%], which extend through the outer layer
to form a channel.
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4?, through the ends of the channel-forming
Referring more particularly to the drawings,
portion 35, through the upper ends of the ?anges
the box illustratedis of the “Bliss” type, but
l3, through the ends of the channel-forming
features of the invention are obviously applicable
portion ‘34, and through the inner end wall layer,
for use in other types of boxes. The container
comprises side walls I l and I2 foldably connected
maintain the end wall channels in assembled
position. The staples I8 pass through the end
to opposite edges of a bottom wall I3, cover
wall layer 41, through the ?anges l9 and 20 and
members I4 and I5 foldable toward one another
through the layer 46.
from the upper edges of the side walls I | and I2,
and plural thickness end walls l6 and I1 secured 30
When the cover sections l4 and I5 are closed,
the cut-down portions 25 and 30 of the cover
by metal stitching |8, or in any other suitable
side ?anges 2| and 26, together with the in
manner, to stitching ?aps | 9 and 20. The side
wardly bent tongues 23 and 28, are received in
walls, bottom wall, end walls and cover are
the downwardly extending slots of the end walls,
preferablyformed of solid ?berboard. They may,
as is illustrated in Figs. 2, 3 and 4. These slots
however, be formed of corrugated board or other
are formed by portions 36 extending downwardly
suitable material of like nature.
from the upper edges of the end walls and by
7 The cover section M has its outer edge formed
portions 31 extending downwardly in the down
with‘ a right-angularly bent side ?ange 2| and
wardly foldable channel-forming part 34. At the
has its end'dedges formed with end ?anges 22.
Tongues 23, bent at right angles to the end 4.0 same time the end ?anges 22 and 21 of the cover
?anges 22, are stapled as at 24 to the ends of the
members are received within the end wall chan
side ?ange 2 |_.' In order to obtain maximum re
nels. The parts are so arranged so that these
inforcement at'the free edge of the cover member
cover end ?anges readily enter the channels. On
the other hand the spacing is such that when
and provide extra material for a yielding angular
tongue 2|’,Vthe side ?ange 2| is of greater‘ depth
fully inserted in the channels they are frictionally
maintained in position. Furthermore, the meet
than the end ?anges 22.‘ ‘Furthermore, the ends
of the side ?anges are cut down in depth, as at
ing ?anges 2| and 26 of the two cover members
25, to coincide with the depth of the tongues 23.
fiictionally "engage one another in closed posi
The other cover member I5 is similarly formed
tion and are‘ also frictionally held in the end
' wall ?anges I9.
Fig. 1 is a perspective view- of the container
with a side ?ange 26 having an angular yielding 50
tongue 26', and with end ?anges 21 having
wall slots.
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Due to the novel use of the plural thickness
tongues 28 which are stapled to the ends of the
end wall layers which embrace and conceal the
side ?ange as at 29.’ The ends of the side ?ange
end wall channels, together with end wall slots,
26 are cut down in depth as at 30.
the container possesses unusual rigidity. The
The end walls l6 and I‘! are identical in con 55 side ?anges 2| and 26 of the covers reinforce the
struction and, therefore, the description of one
covers against downward pressure and also
end wall will suffice. Referring to Figs. 5 and 6
strengthen the box against inward pressures on
the end wall blank has an inner hand hole 3|
the end walls. Such inward pressure is also
and also has spaced parallel lines of scoring 32,
prevented because of the engagement of the cover
33 and 45 which de?ne an inner end wall layer 46, 60 end ?anges in the channels. At the same time
a downwardly foldable channel-forming portion
the channels embraced between the plural layers
34 and an upwardly foldable channel-forming
prevent outward strains on the end walls from
portion 35, and an outer end wall layer 41 having
causing the end walls to bow outwardly. Due to
an outer hand hole 43. ‘Midway between the sides
the snug ?t of all of the parts, when in closed
of the blank is a slot which crosses the line 65 position, the container is strongly braced against
of scoring 32. This forms a slot portion 36
diagonal pressures. Furthermore, the possibility
extending downwardly from the score line 32 in
of the cover members popping open during han
the end wall layer 45 and a slot portion 31' which
dling is minimized.
extends downwardly in the channel-forming
Although only one form of the invention has
portion 34 and which registers with the slot
been described, it is obvious that various changes
portion 35 when the blank is folded, as in Fig. 6.
and modi?cations may be made without depart
In addition, there are horizontal slots 38 at the
ing from the spirit of the invention. For ex
ends of the score line 33 between the down
ample, the end wall members of Fig. 6 may be
wardly'and upwardly foldable portions 34 and
formed of other material than paper board which
35.
75 has been molded to provide the upper edge chan
“ yarcoaeve
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nels'and the side: and-:bottom erqoverfortreceivez
and, provideiamupwardly opening channel abe
tween the two layers, there} being a'slot extending
dition; the construction" as _t'0:certain: features
maybe employed in boxies'xo‘ther‘than the ‘,‘Blis‘s”
downwardly-‘from the upper‘ edge of the inner
layer“ of eachendwall and there being a'regis
tering slot formed in the downwardly folding part‘
type.‘
What we
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claimtisu“:
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if
of each channel, complementary cover members
1.;I‘n' a ‘containerllavings'sid
hingedlto, said sidewalls and foldable ‘tciwardv‘one
another over the container, side and end ?anges,
each end wall comprisingxinner-and outerilayers;
and :the inner'layer‘ of each‘ end ‘.wall havingsan‘
on each cover member, the ends of saidside
upper, edge portioniolded downwardly. and then; 10 ?anges?being received in the upper edge‘ slots
upwardly: to joinl'the ‘upper edge of theiouterl
of the end walls and said ‘end ?anges being re
layer and provide an upwardly ‘opening channel
ceived in said end‘wall channels when the cover
between the‘ two 1 layers; 'complementaryftl'cover
members are closed, and metal'fstaples securing
members ,hinged‘tov said sidewalls and foldable
saidend wall .layers and channel-forming parts
toward one anotherfov'er.thelcbntainer, and end 3‘ in assembled position: so‘that‘the Cha'nnelsxfrice
?anges on eaeus'eeverfmeisbér which are re
tionally aid in maintaining the cover end ?anges
ceived in said end wall channels when the mem-'
in position when the cover members are closed.
6. In a container having a bottom provided
here are closed.
2. In a container having a bottom provided
with end ?aps and having side walls provided with
with end ?aps and having side wallsrprovided 20 end?aps, end walls for the container, each end
with end ?aps, end walls for the container, each
wall comprising inner and outer layers between
end Wall comprising an inner and outer layer
which the end ?aps of the bottom and side walls
with the end ?aps of the side and ‘bottom. wall
of the container are received, the‘ inner layer of
each end wall having an upper edge portion folded
received between said inner and outer layers,
means’ between said ‘layers providing an ,up 25 downwardly and then upwardly to join'the‘upper
edge of the, outer layer and provide an upwardly
wardly opening channel at, the’ upper‘ edge ‘of
each end wall, complementary cover members
opening channel between the two layers,*there
hinged to said side walls ‘and foldable toward
one another over the. container, and end ?anges
being a fold line between said downwardly and
upwardly folded channel-forming parts with
on each cover member which are received in 30 slots in the ends of said fold line for receiving
upper end portions of the side wall end flaps,
said end wall channels‘when the ‘cover members
are closed. »
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complementary cover members hinged to ‘said
3. In a container having side and end walls,
.side walls and foldable toward one another over
each end wall comprising inner and outerlayers
the container, and end flanges on each cover
and the inner layer of each end wallhaving an 35 member, said cover end ?anges being received in
upper edge portion folded downwardly and then
said end Wall channels when the cover members
upwardly to join the upper edge of the outer
are closed.
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layer and provide an upwardly opening channel
' 7. In a container having a bottom provided
between the two'layers', there being 1a slot extend
with end ?aps and having side walls provided‘ with
ing downwardly from‘ the upperedge of ‘the’ inner‘ 40 end flaps, end walls for the container, each end
layer of each end wall and there being ajreg
wall comprising inner and outer layers between
‘istering slot formed in‘the ‘downwardly folding ‘which the end ?aps of the bottomand side ‘walls
part of each channel, complementary cover mem
of ‘the container are received; the inner layer of
bers hinged toj‘said side wallsand foldable to
each end wall ‘having an 'upperoedge portion
Ward oneeanother over the ‘containenand side
folded downwardly and‘then upwardly to join
the upper’ edge of the outerlayer and provide
and end flanges on each cover member, the ends
of said side flanges being received in the‘upper
an‘upwa'rdly opening channel betweenthefftwo
edge slots of the end walls and said end ?anges
being received in said end wall channels when
the cover members are closed.
layers, there being a fold line betweensaid down
wardly and upwardly folded channel-forming
50 parts with slots in the ends of ‘said‘fold line for
,
4. In a container having side and end walls,
each end wall comprising inner and outer layers
and the inner layer of each end wall having an
receiving upper end portions of the side wall end
?aps, there being a slot extending downwardly
from the upper edge of the inner layer of each
upper edge portion folded downwardly and then 7
end wall and there being a registering slot formed
upwardly to join the upper edge of'the outer" 55 ‘in the downwardly folded part of each channel,
layer and provide an unwardly opening channel
complementary Tcover members hinged to’said
between the two layers, there being a slot extend
ing downwardly from the upper edge of the inner
layer of each end wall and there being a regis
side walls‘ and foldable toward one anotherover
the container, side-7 and? 1end ?anges on each
cover member, the ends of said cover side ?anges
tering slot formed in the downwardly folding part 60 being received in the upper edge slots of the end
of each channel, complementary cover members
walls, and said cover end ?anges being received
hinged to said side walls and foldable toward one
in said end wall channels when the cover mem
bers are closed.
another over the container, side and end ?anges
on each cover member, and angularly bent corner - ’
- .é8. In a container having a1 bottom provided
tongues connecting the side and end ?angeathe: 85 with end ?aps and having. sidelwalls provided
ends of said side ?anges and the tongues being ‘ with end ?aps, end walls for the containerfeach
received in the upper edge slots of the end walls
end wall comprisng inner and outer'layers, be
and said end ?anges being received in said end
wall channels when the cover members are
closed.
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5. In a container having side and end.v walls,
each end wall comprising inner and outer layers
and the inner layer of each end wall having an
upper edge portion folded downwardly and then
I upwardly to join the upper edge of the outer layer
tween which'the'end flaps of the bottom and side
walls of the container are received, the inner layer
70 ofeach end wall having an upper edge portion
folded ‘downwardly and then upwardly to join
the upper edge of the outer layer and provide an
upwardly opening channel between the two layers,
there being a fold line between said downwardly
and upwardly folded channel-forming parts with ,
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through the upper ends of’ the sidewall end ?aps,
slots in the ends of said fold line for receiving
and metal staples for securing the side and bot
upper end portions of the side wall end ?aps, there
tom wall end flaps in position between the layers.
being a slot extending downwardly from the upper
9. In a container having side and end walls,
edge of the inner layer of each end wall and there
being a registering slot formed in the downwardly 5 each end wall comprising inner and outer layers
and the inner layer of each end will having an
folded part of each channel, complementary
upper edge portion folded downwardlly and then
cover members hinged to said side walls and
upwardly to join the upper edge of the outer
foldable toward one another over the container,
layer and provide an upwardly opening channel
side and end ?anges on each cover member, the
ends of said‘ cover side ?anges being received in
the upper edge slots of the end walls, and said
cover end ?anges being received in said end wall
between the two layers, a cover member hinged to
the upper edge of at least one of the side walls
and foldable over the container, and end ?anges
on said cover member which are received in said
channels when the cover members are closed,
metal staples at the ends of each channel extend
end wall channels when the cover is closed.
ing through the inner and outer end wall layers, 15
WALTER G. GLASCOFF, JR.
through‘ the channel-forming portions, and
CHAS. W. EVERT.
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