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Патент USA US2409680

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OIL BURNER
Filed Oct. l5, 1942
5'!
2 Sheets-’Sheet l
’
52, 5,3 fw 27%
IN VEN TOR.
`Oßf- 22, 1946.
J. T. GRoTENHoUsE
2,409,577
OIL BURNER
Filed Oct. l5, 1942
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
INVENTOR.
‘J5/neg fände/:Amuse
Patented Oct. '22, 1946
'
2,409,677
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,409,677
‘ OIL BURNER
James T. Grotenhouse, Orange City, Iowa
Application October 15, 1942, Serial No. 462,080
1 Claim. (Cl. 158-92)
2
l
I4 of the wall I0. Spaced from the plate I2 is a
flat burner end plate I5 in which is threadably se
An object of my invention is to provide an oil
cured the adjusting screws I6, the heads I1 of
burner of the pot-type which is positioned on a
which screws bear against the supporting plate I2.
substantially horizontal aXis, and which position
can in many cases be varied to any position be Ul Extending from the plate I5 is the centrally ar
' My invention pertains to an oil burner.
tween a horizontal and vertical axis.
ranged opening I8 which aligns with the opening
A further object of my invention is to provide
an oil burner of the hydroxylation type in which
the hydroxylation progresses in a substantially
horizontal movement or direction.
A further object of my invention is to provide
means for readily attaching such type of burner
in a substantially horizontal position to a vertical
I4 and also communicates with the inner shell
i9 of the burner which is attached at 20 to the
plate I5. The inner shell I9 has a series of spaced
wall, or at an angle thereto.
A further object of my invention is to provide
the above mentioned type of burner with a‘suit
»able oil containing sump so that the oil will be
always contained in the sump regardless of the
openings 2l, and also includes the end-wall 22.
Attached at 23 to the shell I9 is a wall 24 which
extends upwardly and angularly a substantial
distance, and across the shell I9 to provide a
reservoir for the oil 25 contained between the
wall 25 and the wall 22.
The inner shell I9 is positioned in, and spaced
Írom an outer shell 2B leaving the space 21 there
between, and communicating at 28 with the sump
29 is a tube 30 which communicates at 3| with
positioning of the burner.
‘
A further object of my invention is to provide 20 a level adjusting device 32, the fuel line communi
>eating with the device 32 at 33 by means of a
an adjustable arrangement forproviding adjust
iiexible tube 34 which in turn passes to the oil
ment of the secondary air intake to the burner.
supply. An opening 35 is arranged centrally of
A further object of my invention is to provide
the wall 3E of the outer shell 26 and communi
an oil burner which can be adapted to any type of
heating structure and which is interchangeable, 25 Cates with a blower 3l adapted to force air
through the burner or this opening can be left
and which will give the various advantages of a
pressure or atomizing type of burner at the re- .
duced cost of the simple pot type.
.A further object of my invention is to provide
an arrangement having a better heat distributie
than the strictly vertical type,
Y
A further object of my invention is to accom
plish al1 of the above mentioned objects in a very
simple construction.
.
open as shown in Figure 4 for a natural draft.
The outer shell 26 is welded or otherwise attached
at 38 to the plate I5.
Attached to the plates I2 and I5 are the mem
bers 39 which are pivotally attached by means of
the hinge structure 40 (see Figure 2) which hinge
structure is slightly adjustable to allow for dif
ferent spacings effected by the screws I6, and at
t tached at the opposite side to the plates I2 and
With these and other objects in view, my in
I5 are extending ears 4I, with the ears receiving
vention consists in the construction, arrange
a stud 42 upon which is threadably engaged the
ment, and combination of the various parts of
wing nut 43.
my device, whereby the objects contemplated are
It will be noted that there is thus provided a
attained, as hereinafter more fully set forth, and
illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in 40 burner which is mounted substantially horizon
tally, thereby providing al1 of the advantages
which:
mentioned hereabove, and especially providing
Figure l is a sectional side elevation of the
the advantages of the more expensive pressure
burner as attached to a vertical wall,
or atomizing style in a simpler structure. The
Figure 2 is a sectional view of Figure l taken
hinged type of burner as explained above can be
along the lines 2-2 thereof,
opened by loosening the wing nut 43 and swinging
Figure 3 is a side elevation of the burner at
the burner open on the hinge 4I), for lighting,
an angular position with a fragmentary section,
and,
Figure 4 is a front elevation of a slightly modi
fied form of burner.
I have used the character I0 to designate a
vertical wall of a grate stove or any other type
of heating structure. yAttached to the wall I0 by
means of the screws II is a plate l2 which in
cludes an opening I3 registering with the opening
cleaning, or other purposes.
It will be noted that the flame travels horizon
tally through the opening I4 in the direction of
the arrow 44 with the necessary air being blown
through the opening 35 by means of the blower
31 providing complete mixing through the open
ings 2|, with a certain amount of secondary air
passing through the space at 45 between the
2,409,677
3
4
plates I2 and Ib, which space can be adjusted
be opened as desired for lighting the oil in the
as mentioned hereabove. The hydroxylation
sump 29.
thereby progresses in a substantially horizontal
It will now be seen that I have provided all of
direction, and the heat is more uniformly dis
the various advantages mentioned in the objects
tributed downwardly or upwardly in the direc Ul of my invention with other advantages being
tion of the arrows 4S (see Figure 1) thereby pro
readily apparent.
viding a. complete heating effect over a longer
Some charges may be made in the,l construction
range vertically than would be possible with the
and arrangement of the parts of my invention
strictly vertical type of burner since the flame
without departing from the real spirit and pur
will pass in all directions radially about the hori 10 pose thereof, and it is my intention to cover by
zontal axis 44.
my claims any modiñed forms of structure or
Although my invention pertains more gener
use of mechanical equivalents which may be rea
ally to a substantially horizontal type of burner,
sonably included within their scope.
it should be understood that it can be also po
sitioned angularly as shown in Figure 3' wherein
the Wall I0 of the heating structure, such as the
A pot type burner having a longitudinal axis
positioned substantially horizontal, a heater wall
grate stove, etc. is positioned at substantially 45
degrees from the vertical. It will be noted that
the sump wall 24 still insures that the level of
I claim as my invention:
having an opening, an end plate having a fur
therI opening communicating with said opening,
a burner end plate having an opening communi
the oil 25 is retained within the sump at this 20 cating with said heater wall and said end plate
position, or at any position up to the vertical,
openings, means for adjustably spacing said
and that the burner can be positioned at any
burner plate opening from said end plate opening,
such angle. The level adjusting device 32 is
including a plurality of adjustable screws thread
placed in its necessary position in Figure 3 with
the communicating tube 3l) being also length
ably engaged with said burner plate, said burner
plate being hinged to said end plate, said screws
abutting against said end plate, said burner be
ing substantially cylindrical, a sump wall attached
ened, and if desired a further opening at 4l' can
be provided to receive the screw 48 for attaching
the device 32.
across said burner having an arcuate portion
Although the blower arrangment is shown in
thereof attached to the burner walls, the upper
Figures 1 and 3, nevertheless it will be understood 30 edge of said wall leaving an unrestricted open
that the modification shown in Figure 4 can also
ing in said burner, the space between said sump
be employed without using the blower 31.
wall and the burner end providing a sump, an
Figure 4 also illustrates a modified type wherein
outer enclosing shell having an air inlet opening,
the burner unit is mounted solidly on the wall
and a blower attached to and communicating
I0 by means of lugs 49 which receive the bolts
with said opening, said sump wall being substan~
`50. In such a solid type the oil can be lighted
tíally at right angles to the longitudinal aXis of
through the opening 5I shown by the dotted struc
the burner and extending upwardly a substan
ture in Figure 1 with the wall 25 being indented
tial distance from the lower boundary of the
at 52 and attached to the Wall of the inner shell
burner.
I9 to provide a common opening with the plug 53 40
JAMES T. GROTENHOUSE.
adapted to provide a closure member which can
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