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Патент USA US2409683

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Oct. 22, 1946. _
‘Failed Nay. B, ‘19115
' SYSheets-Sheet' 1
LucienBA/orton '-
' By
F'ZetcherC'IS/veed _.
Oct. 22,1946.
I Oct. 22, 1946.~
1 _ 2,409,682
Bi, ‘ Fletcher CfSpeei
Patented Oct. 22, 1946
Lucien B. Horton, Independence, and Fletcher C.
Speed, Kansas City, Mo., assignors to Reming
.ton Arms Company, Inc., Bridgeport, Conn., a
corporation of Delaware
Application November 13, 1943, Serial No. 510,164
2 Claims.
This invention relates, in general, to article
gauging, and, in particular, to an improved ma
chine for automatically gauging and separating
ammunition components of various lengths.
The embodiment of the invention shown in the
accompanying drawings is adapted particularly
((31. 209-91)
mechanism hereinafter described. A horizontally
arranged shelf 14 is shown fastened to the pair
of legs H at the right hand side of the machine,
see Fig. 1, adjacent the bottom of the legs and is
adapted to support a quarter horsepower motor M
which is fastened to the shelf ill and provided
with a pair of pulleys P and P’.
the following description, that the invention is
In accordance with the power characteristics
not limited in its usefulness to gauging metallic
of the motor shown in the drawings, the pulley
ammunition components but that an object of 10 P is driven at substantially .1140 R. P. M. while
the invention is to gauge‘ and separate articles
the pulley P’ is driven through a suitable speed
either solid. or hollow and of an in?nite variety
reduction unit» at substantially 27 R. P. M. The
of materials and geometrical shapes.
quarter horsepower motor M is one which is read
A further object of the invention is to gauge
ily adaptable for use with the gauging apparatus
cartridge cases following ?nal trim and to sep 15 hereinafter described, but it will be understood
arate cases which are outside of permissible tol
that other suitable power means may be used and
erances from cases of acceptable length. A still
that the particular motor shown does not con
further object is to feed cartridge cases substan
stitute a limitation of the invention hereinafter
tially continuously to rotating gauge members
described and claimed.
which gauge long cases and cases of normal length. 20
The drive pulley P’ is connected by a belt to a
and separate the long and normal length cases
driven pulley it which is keyed or otherwise fas
from each other and from the short cases.
tened on the outer end of a horizontally disposed
to gauge cartridge cases, but it will be clear from
Other objects, features and advantages of the
shaft 16, the latter being rotatably supported
invention will be described in greater detail in
intermediate its ends in a bushed bearing I?
the following description of the invention, one 25 which is bolted to the base plate l3 adjacent the
exemplary embodiment of which is illustrated in
outer end thereof, see Fig. 1, the longitudinal axis
the accompanying drawings.
In the drawings:
of the bearing I‘! being substantially coincident
with a medial line of the base plate, as indicated
Fig. 1 is a front elevation of the improved
in Fig. '3.
article gauging and separating machine of this 30 A suitable bevelled pinion gear I8 is keyed to
the inner end of the shaft IE and is adapted‘ to
Fig. 2' is a plan view of the gauging machine
mesh with a rotatable bevelled ring gear 19. In
shown in Fig. .1.
the embodiment shown, the speed ratio of the
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary side elevation ‘of the‘
drive pulley P’ and driven pulley i5 is substan
gauging ' machine.
35 tially 3- to 1, the drive pulley P’ rotating the driven
I Fig. 4 is a sectional» elevation on line 4-4 of
pulley at substantially 9 R. P. M. Similarly, the
speed ratio of the bevelled pinion and bevelled
Fig.5 is a perspective view of one of the rotat-.
ring gear is substantially 3 to 1, whereby the ring
able gauge members.
gear is rotated at substantially 3 R. P. M.
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary perspective view of the 40
The bevelled ring gear i 9 is fastened on ‘the
cartridge case carrier showing the stop means
lower end of a substantially vertical shaft 2i}
for removing short cases therefrom and discharg
which is rotatably mounted at its lower end in“ a
ing the short cases through an aperture of the‘
?anged sleeve bushing 22, the latter being sup
table top.
portediby its ?ange 23 in a central aperture of a
Referring to the drawings, the machine com 45 U-shaped bracket’ 21!, the legs‘25 of which are
prises a table, indicated at IU, ‘having four legs
adapted to span the bevelled ring gear I 9, as shown
H and a substantially square table top l2, the _ in Fig' 3, and to be fastened to the base plate by
legs being constructed of any suitable material
bolts 26.
such as iron angle bars and the top consisting
The upper end of the shaft 20 extends up
of a substantially ?at relatively thick metal plate 50 wardly through a centrally located drilled or
fastened by welded joints or bolts to the top of
bored hole‘ in the table top l2, the hole in the‘
the four legs ll.> Below the table top l2’ and
table being of suitable diameter to receive a
supported at its four corners by the legs H is a
?anged sleeve bushing 21 having a ?ange 28
second substantially ?at metal plate It which
which rests onthe upper surface of the table [2.
forms a base for supporting elements of the drive 55 Carried by the upper end of the shaft 29 above
the flange 28 of the bushing 21 is a rotatable car
rier disk or dial 29 having a hub portion 33 on
its underside, see Fig. 4, provided with a radially
drilled and tapped hole for receiving a set screw
32 adapted to secure the dial to rotate with the
shaft 20. Mounted freely on the upper end of
to engage the cartridge cases on the carrier disk
comprises an arcuate thin metal strip 52, the
curvature of which corresponds substantially to
the curvature of the guide wall 35. As shown in
Fig. 4, the agitator strip 52 is supported uprightly
by its lower edge on top of the rotatable carrier
the shaft 20 and resting on the transfer dial 29
disk substantially parallel to and closely adjacent
is an apertured tongue-shaped block 33 having
a substantially straight back edge 34 provided
with an upstanding ?n 35, the latter comprising
the guide wall 36 and is adapted to be moved
relative to the rotatable carrier disk and ?xed
guide wall 36 by means of the oscillating bifur
cated arm 46 of the bell crank lever £3. To this
end, the agitator is provided with a lug 53 which
extends laterally from the inner face thereof and
is adapted to project through a longitudinal
closed slot at in the guide wall 35, the lug having
a substantially vertical pin 55 secured at its outer
end adapted to be engaged in the bifurcations
46 of the bell crank lever £2. Thus, as the latter
is oscillated, the agitator plate moves forwardly
and backwardly over the outer face of the guide
wall 35. A second coil spring 55 is shown fas
tened at one end to the bifurcated arm of the
bell crank lever and at its opposite end to a suit
one end of a relatively long thinstrip of metal,
such as brass, of suitable height to constitute
a guide means for the cartridge cases mounted
uprightly on the revolving carrier disk 25. This
guide strip 35 is fastened securely at its inner end
to the back edge 34 of the tongue-shaped block
33 and is curved outwardly, as shown in Fig. 2,
to form an arcuate wall 36 extending from the
rear edge of the dial 29 forwardly on the left
hand side of its center post 20 to a point at the
front of the dial adjacent the periphery thereof.
The remaining length of the guide strip com
prises a substantially straight piece or chord 3'?
able fixed part of the table such as one of the
which extends across the forward edge of the
dial 29 and is adapted to be fastened by a bracket 25 brackets 76 hereinafter described, the second
spring being adapted to augment the restraining
38 to a ?xed member or part of the table such
force of the spring 48.
as the guide 51' hereinafter described to posi
tively prevent displacement of the guide strip
Additional guide means are provided around
36 with respect to the disk during rotation
the periphery of the rotatable carrier disk 29 to
thereof. The portion of the carrier disk isolated 30 guide the cartridge cases mounted on the disk
by the chord 37 comprises, as shown in Fig. 2,
into proximity to the agitator plate 52 and toward
a substantially segmental area. It will be under
the gauging and separating means hereinafter
stood that the lower edge of the guide strip in
described and comprises a curved relatively thin
cluding the wall portion 38 and chord portion
strip of metal 51 supported uprightly by its lower
31 rests freely on top of the rotatable disk 29, 35 edge on the table top l2 and provided with suit
the guide strip being held from movement by
able tabs 58 on its lower edge to receive screws
the inertia of the tongue-shaped block 33 and
59 by which the guide 57 is ?xed to the table. As
by the fastening means 38 at the end of the
shown in Fig. 2, two of these peripheral guide
chord 31.
strips 51 and 51' respectively are provided, one
A square shoulder 39 is formed on the upper 40 on each side of the disk 29, each strip subtending
end of the shaft 29 above the upper surface of
an angle of substantially 90".
the tongue-shaped block 33, see Fig. 3, the reduced
In the present embodiment, the curved guide
end of the shaft being provided with screw
wall 36 and its agitator 52 are disposed eccen
threads adjacent its upper end. Supported on
trically with respect to the peripheral guide '57 at
the shoulder 39 of the shaft 20 is a disk 48 having
the left hand edge of the disk so as to form an
vertical, substantially equally spaced notches M
arcuate converging throat T adjacent the front
in its periphery, the notched disk being securely
edge of the disk, the width of the throat T being
fastened to the shaft by a capstan nut 62 screwed
substantially equal to the diameter of a cartridge
onto the threaded end of the shaft 23.
_ ,
case. As the carrier disk 29 rotates, the car
Suitable agitator means is associated with the
tridges which have been placed uprightly thereon
?xed guide means or curvilinear wall 35 and the
are moved into the throat both by the rotation
notched rotatable disk 46 and comprises a bell
of the disk and by the oscillatory motion of the
crank lever 43 pivotally supported at its elbow
agitator, the cartridge cases being thereby ar
by a suitable bolt 44 on the underside of an arm
ranged in successive alignment as shown adja
portion of a supporting bracket 65, the outer end
cent the periphery of the carrier disk 29,
of which is bolted or otherwise secured to the
Suitable means is provided at the mouth of
outer edge of the table top £2. The inner end
the throat T to separate the successive cartridges
or arm portion of the bracket Q5 extends across
and to arrange them in substantially equally
the adjacent edge of the rotatable carrier disk
spaced relationship on the outer edge of the car
29 and above the upper edge of the guide wall 60
rier disk and, as shown, comprises a toothed
36 as shown in Fig. 4. One end of the bell crank
66 keyed to a vertical rotatable shaft 62
lever 43 is forked or bifurcated as at 46 while
having bevelled ends, the lower bevelled end 63
the opposite end of the lever is provided with a
being seated in a countersink or bearing properly
downwardly extending pin 41. The latter is
in the table top l2 while the upper bev
adapted to be held resiliently in engagement with
elled end 64 of the shaft 62 is seated in a counter
the notches 4| of the disk 40 by a coil spring 43,
one end of which is fastened to a stud 49 on the
sink or bearing in the end of a screw threaded
stud 65. The latter is threadedly secured in the
outer end of an overhanging substantially hori
adjacent arm of the bell crank lever, the opposite
end of the spring being anchored to a stud 5i!
stepped into the top of the shaft 28. As the 70 zontal arm 66 of a bracket or post 61 which is
fastened at its lower end to the table top l2 by
latter rotates the notched disk 40 rotates thereby
suitable screws 68 as shown in Fig. 2. The loca
alternately displacing and releasing the resiliently
tion of the shaft 62 with respect to the carrier
held pin 4‘! whereby an oscillatory motion is
disk 29 is such that the dedendum circle of the
transmitted to the arms of the bell crank lever 43.
The portion of the agitator which is adapted 75 toothed wheel 60 bears a predetermined relation,
to the outer edge of the rotatable carrier disk for
long cases and cases of normal length respective
the purpose hereinafter described.
ly by engaging said articles and ejecting them
Rotation of the'shaft 62' in its bearings‘is re
from said carrier disk.‘ Each gauge member‘
tarded or braked vby means of a resilient‘ leaf
comprises an apertured hub portion 94 adapted
spring 69, the rearward end of which is adapted
to bear against the surface of the shaft 62 while
the opposite end of the spring 69' is fastened by
screws ‘iii to the post 6?. Thus, as the cartridge
to slide onto the rotatable shaft 13 and to be se
cured thereto at a predetermined point thereon
by a set screw or other fastening means. Extend
ing radially from the hub on a diameter thereof
cases’ are urged forwardly from the mouth of the
area pair of oppositely disposed projections or
throat T, each case will be engaged successively 10 spokes 95, each having a radially drilled hole in
between a pair of teeth on the periphery of the
its outer face adapted to receive a gauge ?nger
or pin 96, the latter being secured in their re
rotatable ‘wheel 68 which is thereupon rotated by
spective holes by suitable set screws 91 which
engagement of a case therewith, the latter being
separated from the preceding and next succeed
are threaded in drilled and tapped holes in the
ing case by a distance substantially equal to the
sides of the spokes 95. By means of the set
screws 91, the gauging ?ngers or pins 95 may
thickness of the tooth of the wheel. Moreover,
be held in adjusted position in the spokes 95, the
due to the predetermined relationship of the de
outer ends of the gauge pins being adjustable to
dendum circle of the toothed wheel with respect
a predetermined distance from the top of the
to the outer edge of the, rotating disk as each
case is pushed into a pair of teeth, it will be posi 20 carrier disk 29. Further, as shown in Figs. 3' and
5, the gauge pins 96 of the oppositely disposed
tively and accurately positioned on the disk at
spokes 95 are not on an axis coincident with the
exactly the same distance radially from the outer
longitudinal axis of the spokes 9'5 but each pin is
edge thereof, and hence will be automatically ar
disposed slightly to one side or oil‘ center so that
ranged uniformly for translation into engage
its bevelled leading edge 96' lies substantially on
ment with the gauging means.
the longitudinal axis of the spokes 95, as shown
The gauging means is indicated generally at
in Fig. 3.
In accordance with this construction, the lead
ing edge 95’ of each gauge ?nger is adapted to
a pair of bearing brackets ‘M are fastened to the 30 strike the back edge of a case which has been
moved thereunder by the carrier disk 29 and to
front edge of the table l2 by suitable screws 15,
thereupon knock or eject the case outwardly or
each bearing bracket having a rearwardly ex
forwardly off of the edge of the carrier. Suitable
tending overhanging arm ‘l6, see Figs. 2, 3 and
chutes 91 and 9'!’ are fastened to the table oppo
6, provided with a horizontally drilled hole to
receive a roller bearing ll. The gauge shaft 13 is ,» site each rotatable gauge member 93 and 93' re
spectively and are adapted to receive and trans
rotatably supported at its opposite ends in the
mit cases knocked therein by the respective gauge
respective roller bearings Ti, see Fig, 1, the right
members into suitable receiver means or tote
hand end of the shaft 13 being extended through
boxes, not shown.
its roller bearing ‘El and bracket army 16 and
Additional means are provided for removing
provided with a suitable coupling, indicated gen 40
the short cases which will pass unmolested
erally at ‘58, which is adapted to connect the
beneath the rotating gauge members 93 and 93’.
gauge shaft 13 with an axially aligned drive shaft
To this end, a substantially rectangular discharge
‘E9. The latter is rotatably mounted in the upper
port or aperture 98 is formed in the table top
end of a substantially vertical channel shaped
l2 at a, point therein such that a portion of the
post 88 which is provided at its lower end with
aperture 98 underlies a portion of the rim of the
an integral forwardly extending foot portion
carrier disk 29 at the intersection thereof with
82 terminating in spaced parallel bearings 83.
the end 31’ of the chord 31, see Fig. 6, said end
The post 8!! is fastened securely to the table top
portion 31' being hereinafter referred to as a
l2 by means of suitable screws 84 which project
up through the table top l2 into the bottom of the 50 ?xed stop. Short cases being carried around on
the disk to a point adjacent the opening 98 are
foot 82. A short stud shaft 85 is shown mounted
12 in Fig. 3 and comprises a shaft '53 rotatably
supported in a plane substantially parallel to the
horizontal plane of the carrier disk. To this end,
in the bearings 83, the stud shaft 85 being adapt
ed to rotatably support a double sheave idler
pulley 85.
Referring to Figs. 1 and 3, a pair of suitably
spaced guide pulleys 81 is shown rotatably sup
ported on a bolt 88 which projects forwardly from
one leg ll of the table substantially beneath the
double sheave idler pulley 85, the pulleys 8‘! be
ing adapted in a well known manner to guide an
endless belt 89 connecting the drive pulley P of
the motor M with one sheave of the idler pulley
86. The second sheave of the idler pulley 85 is
shown connected by a relatively short belt Sill to
moved into engagement with the ?xed stop 31'
whereupon a component of force acting parallel
to the ?xed stop 31’ moves the short case off of
the edge of the dial into the discharge aperture
98. A suitable chute 99 may be provided for de
livering articles from the aperture into a suitable
In the operation of the machine, the cartridge
cases are moved manually in an upright position
onto the carrier disk from a suitable assembling
platform I00 which is fastened at the back of the
table l2 and provided at its forward edge with a
curved portion ml partially circumscribing the
a single groove pulley 52 which is keyed or other 65 rear portion of the disk 29, the top of the assem
wise fastened to the shaft 19 between the vertical
bling platform and the top of the disk being sub
walls of the channel shaped post 80. It will be
evident that the belts 89 and 90 transmit the ro
tation of the drive pulley P to the coupled shafts
l9 and 13. In the embodiment shown, the speed
ratio of the pulley and belt drive is such that the
shaft 13 is driven at substantially 950 R. P. M.
The gauge members, two being shown in the
present embodiment as indicated generally at 93
and 93’ are adapted to gauge and separate over
stantially ?ush.
The assembled cases are car
ried by the rotating disk in massed formation be
tween the arcuate guide walls 51 and 35 and into
engagement with the oscillating agitator 52. As
the cases move into the throat 'I‘ of the'guide
walls, the cases are arranged in successive order
adjacent the outer edge of the disk and subse
quently move into engagement with the rotatable
75 toothed Wheel 60 which arranges the cases in
equally spaced relationship around the periphery
ceeding a predetermined length and to eject said
of the carrier disk at a predetermined position
articles from said carrier means in a direction
~ from the outer edgethereof in the manner here
inabove described. The cases are then carried
transverse to their direction of movement when
supported on the carrier; movable means adja
cent said carrier to separate the articles on said
carrier so as to deliver them to said gauging
beneath the rapidly rotating gauge members.
The gauge ?ngers 96 of the gauge member 93,
which ?rst engages the moving cases, are ad
justed so as to strike the upper rear edge of all
cases which are longer than a normal cartridge
member in successive order; brake means ar
ranged to control the movement of the article
separating means; and means to guide articles on
length and eject the overlong cases off of the 10 said carrier into engagement with the article
separating means.
perimeter of the disk into the chute 91; the gauge
2. A machine for gauging and assorting articles
pins 96’ of the second gauge member 93’ are suit
comprising a table top having an aperture; a
ably adjusted to strike the back edge of all cases
pair of gauge members; means on said table top
of normal length and to eject these cases 01f of
the disk into the chute 91’. Those cases which 15 to rotatably support said gauge members in
spaced parallel relation; a carrier supported on
are shorter than a normal length case pass unmo
said table top comprising a rotatable disk adapted
lested beneath the ?rst and second rotating gauge
to move articles to be gauged in proximity to said
members and are carried around by the disk until
rotating gauge members; power means supported
they engage the ?xed stop means 31' whereupon
the short cases are displaced from the disk into 20 by said table adapted to rotate said gauge mem
bers and said carrier disk, the ?rst rotating gauge
the discharge aperture 98 in the manner de
member being adapted to strike the upper edges
scribed above.
of articles of a predetermined length to knock
The gauging machine of this invention thus
said articles oif of the carried disk substantially
embodies rotating gauge members which auto
matically gauge to very close limits and separate 25 opposite said ?rst gauge member, the second ro
tating gauge member being adapted to strike the
overlong cartridge cases from cases of normal
upper edges of articles of less than the predeter
length and from short cases, the three respective
mined length to knock these articles off of said
lengths of cases being discharged into separate
carried disk substantially opposite said second
bins or receptacles.
A particular embodiment of the invention has 30 gauge member; a rotatable notched disk sup
ported on said table top adjacent the periphery
been described in full detail. It will be under
of said carrier disk adapted to separate the arti
stood that many of the details are immaterial
cles and to deliver them to said rotating gauging
and that the scope of the invention is de?ned by
the appended claims.
members in successive order; brake means con
What is claimed is:
35 structed and arranged to control the rotation of
said notched disk; and a pair of curvilinear guide
1. A machine for gauging and :assorting articles
members on said carrier disk ?xed relative
comprising a movable gauge member; means for
thereto to guide articles on said carrier disk out
moving said gauge member; darrier means con
wardly to the periphery thereof for engagement
structed and arranged .to move articles to be
gauged in proximity to said gauge member, said 40 with said rotatable notched disk.
gauge member being constructed and arranged
to strike the upper rear edges only of articles ex
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