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‘ Oct. 22, 1946.
G. LOTH
'
2,409,701 "
I CHICK BOX
Filed July '19,‘ 1944
'rjy. 5
INVEN TOR.
Gaylord L 0th
Patented Oct. 22, 1946
2,409,701
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
’
CHICK BOX
Gaylord Loth, Sandusky, Ohio, assignor to The
Hinde & Dauch Paper Company, Sandusky,
Ohio, a corporation of Ohio
Application July 19, 1944, Serial No. 545,636
2 Claims. (01. 229-45)
1
2
This invention relates to paperboard shipping
boxes and more particularly to boxes of the ven
Fig. 5 is a vertical section taken on the line
structed that all parts may be shipped in the
indicated at 5-5 in Fig. 1;
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary perspective view show
ing the locking tabs in the positions they occupy
when the side wall tab is bent inwardly;
Fig. 7 is a fragmentary plan view showing a
corner portion of the paperboard blank from.
which the box body is formed;
form of flat sheets which are so scored and cut
Fig. 8‘ is a perspective view showing a corner
tilated type used for shipping live chicks, which
are so constructed that the boxes may be stacked
without cutting oif the supply of air to the chicks.
The invention has for an object to provide a
container of the type referred to which is so con
that the parts can be quickly and easily folded 10 of the cover on an enlarged scale;
and assembled, and the assembled and folded
Fig. 9 is a horizontal section through the corner
parts secured together without the use of tools
of the cover, and
or other special equipment.
Fig. 10 is a fragmentary plan view, showing a
A further object is to provide a box body blank
corner portion of the cover blank.
Referring .to the accompanying drawing, the
formed to interlock with and secure intersecting 15
box of the present invention has a body portion
partitions in place therein when folded to box
formed from a rectangular blank of sheet ma
form, and to provide interlocking parts on the
terial, which is cut and scored to provide a rec
box walls by which the walls may be secured to
tangular bottom portion I and side walls 2 in
gether at the corners of the box after assembly
on the partition members, without relative move 20 tegral with the walls I and hingedly connected
to the side‘ edges of the bottom portion I, the
ment of the box walls.
blank being cut at the corners thereof and scored
A further object of the invention is to provide
along the edges of the bottom I to provide side
partitions that are held in place by interlocking
walls that are hinged to the bottom.
engagement with the box body, that are provided
Theside walls 2 have vertical slots 3 midway
with parts that interlock with the body of the 25
between their ends that extend upwardly from
cover to secure the cover in place and that have
the lower edges of the walls and terminate short
other parts that externally engage the cover
of the top edges thereof. Within the box there
flanges to hold them tightly against the box walls.
are partition members 4 and 5 which cross each
A further object of the invention is to provide
crossing partition members that divide the box 30 other at right angles in the center of the box, the
partition members being interlocked in the usual
into compartments, reinforce the box body and
manner at the crossing point. At each end of
cover, and serve as spacing members to provide
each partition member, there is a projecting por
ventilating passages over the tops and bottoms
tion? that is of a size to ?t in the vertical slot
and around the side of the boxes when they are
3 of the side walls 2, the partition members hav
stacked.
.
With the above and other objects in view, the
ing end edge portions 1 above the projections 6
that engage with the inner faces of the walls 2
above the upper ends of the slots 3.
illustrated in the accompanying drawing here
In assembling the box, the two partition mem
inafter described and particularly set forth in ap
40 bers 4 and 5 are fitted together in crossing rela
pended claims, together with such variations and
tion and placed upon the bottom I of the box
invention may be said to comprise the box as
modi?cations thereof as are apparent to one
with their end portions 6 registering with the
skilled in the art to which the invention per;
inner ends of the slots 3 of the‘side Walls. With
tains.
the partition members in this position, the walls
Reference should be had to the accompany 45 2 of the box may be folded to vertical position to
ing drawing forming part of this speci?cation,
in which
_
Fig, 1 is a perspective view of a box embodying
the invention;
bring the upper portions thereof into contact
with the edge portions 1 of the partition mem
bers, the portions 6 of the partition members
projecting through the slots 3 to interlock the
Fig. 2 is a fragmentary side elevation of one of 50 partition members with the side walls as shown
the partition members;
in Fig. 1 of the drawing.
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary section taken on the
In order to quickly and easily secure the walls
line indicated at 3-3 in Fig. 1.
of the box at the corners without disturbing the
Fig, 4 is a, fragmentary top plan view of a cor
interlocking connections between the walls and
ner of the box;
'
55 the partition members after the walls have been
2,409,701
3
folded to vertical position, one of the walls 2 ‘is
provided at each corner of the box with a ?ap 8
that is hinged to the end thereof and adapted to
be swung inwardly to a position at right angles
thereto, and engaged with the inner face of the
adjoining side wall when the walls 2 are folded
to vertical positions. The contacting portions of
the wall and ?ap adjacent each corner are pro
vided with registering slots 9 and II) which are
preferably formed in the upper edge portions
portion I. In folding the ?anges, the flap [5 is
placed outside the end of the adjoining ?ange,
and as the flanges are moved to a vertical posi
tion the tuck 2B is inserted in the slot l6 and the
tuck I1 is inserted through the slot I8, the ?aring
portion I9 of the slot I8 serving to guide the tucks
into place as the ?anges approach their vertical
positions, the ?ap and the adjoining ?ange being
interlocked by means of the tuck portions I‘! and
26, as shown in Figs. 7 and 8 of the drawing. The
interlocking portions of the ?anges Ill and ?aps
The side
I5 can be readily disengaged to permit the
wall has tongue II that is struck up from the
?anges I4 and ?aps I5 to be swung back into the
slot 9 and which is hinged to the body of the wall
plane of the body portion I3 when desired, so that
along the lower edge of the slot 9. The slot
II) of the ?ap has a tongue l2 that is struck up 15 the box can be rapidly assembled at the point of
use and can be readily knocked down for ship
from the slot Ill and which is adapted to swing
ment or storage after it has been used.
about a hinge 1ine disposed at right angles to the
The body I3 of the cover is provided with elon
hinge line of the tongue II, the tongue I2 being
gated slots 2| that are adapted to receive projec
connected to the ?ap along the side edge of the
slot Hi.
20 tions 22 on the upper edges of the partition mem
bers 4 and 5, the projecting portions 22 being
In assembling the box on the partition mem
provided with locking tongues 23 that are adapted
bers, the walls 2 are swung to vertical positions
to be bent laterally into locking engagement with
in engagement with the end portions 1 of the
the top of the cover, as shown in Fig. 1.
partitions, with the ?aps 8 at the corners posi
The projecting portions 6 of the partition mem
tioned in contact with the inner faces of the ad 25
bers E and 5 have slots 24 in the top edges thereof,
joining side wall. With the ?aps so positioned
which are closely adjacent to the outer faces of
the tongues II of the side walls can be pushed
the side walls 2 and which are adapted to receive
inwardly into the slots II] to the horizontal posi
the lower edge portions of the ?anges I4 of the
tion shown in Fig. 6. This movement of the
tongue I I pushes the tongue I2 inwardly to per
cover when the cover is placed on the box, so that
when the cover is fastened in place by means of
mit entry of the tongue II into the slot I0, and
the tongues 23, the edges of the cover ?anges are
after the tongue I I has been moved to horizontal
held snugly against the faces of the side walls by
position in engagement with the bottom edge of
the projecting portions of the partition members.
the slot II], the tongue I2 can be swung back into
the slot It] in looking position over the tongue II. 35 The partition members thus serve to reinforce the
top, bottom and side walls of the box, the top
The side walls of the box are thus quickly and
projections 22 thereof serving to support other
easily locked at the corners of the box without
boxes with their bottoms faced above the cover,
moving of the side walls after the box has been
and the projections 6 serving to space boxes
assembled upon the partition members. The
side walls may be readily disconnected by swing 40 which are placed alongside one another so that
ing the tongues l2 inwardly and returning the
when the boxes are stacked, air passages are
formed between the tops and bottoms of the boxes
tongues II to vertical position, after which the
of the wall and ?ap near the corner.
walls 2 may be swung into the plane of the bot
tom ! and freed from the partitions 4 and 5 so
that the box may be knocked down for shipment
or storage after it has been used.
The partition members 4 and 5 serve to secure
a suitable cover to the box and to reinforce the
cover. As herein shown, the cover is also formed
from a ?at rectangular blank that has a rectang
ular body portion l3 to which marginal ?anges
I 4 are hinged, suitable score lines being pro
vided along the edges of the body portion I3 to
permit hinging of the ?anges. In each corner
of the cover, one of the ?anges M has a flap
and around the sides thereof.
It is to be understood that variations and modi
?cations of the speci?c device herein shown and
described for purposes of illustration, may be
made without departing from the spirit of the
invention.
What I claim is:
1. A shipping box having a body portion com
prising a rectangular bottom and side walls inte
gral with the bottom and hinged to the side edges
thereof, said walls having slots intermediate their
ends extending upwardly from their bottom
edges and terminating short of their top edges,
I5 hinged thereto, which is adapted to be swung
crossing interlocking partition members having
to a position at right angles to the ?ange to
end portions ?tting in said slots and projecting
which it is hinged, and to engage the adjacent
past the outer faces of the side walls and end edge
end of the adjoining ?ange. Near each corner
portions engaging the interiors of the side walls
one of the ?anges I4 is provided with a slot l6
above the slots, said projecting portions having
that extends inwardly from the free edge of the
slots in the top edges thereof adjacent the outer
?ange slightly more than half way across the
faces of the side walls, a cover having marginal
?ange, providing a locking tuck I‘! between the
depending ?anges telescopically engaging the
slot and the end of the ?ange. The ?ange which
outer faces of the side walls and extending into
adjoins the ?ange with the slot at its end is 65 the slots in the top edges of the projecting por
provided with a hinged ?ap I5 and this ?ap has a
tions of said partitions.
slot I8 that is parallel with the ?ap hinge and
2. A shipping box having a body portion com
that extends outwardly from the side edge of
prising a rectangular bottom and side walls in
the ?ap which is alined with the edge of the
tegral with the bottom and hinged to the side
body portion I3 to which the ?ange carrying the 70 edges thereof, said walls having slots intermedi
?ap is hinged. The slot I8 has a ?ared portion
ate their ends extending upwardly from their
I9 and forms a tapering locking tuck 20 that is
bottom edges and terminating short of their top
adapted to be inserted through the slot I5 of the
edges, crossing interlocking partition members
adjoining ?ange while the ?anges are being
having their lower edges resting upon said bot
folded to a position at right angles to the body
tom and top edge portions in the plane of the top
2,409,701
5
edges of the side walls, said partition members
having end portions ?tting in said slots and
6
~
,
adapted to rest upon said top edge portions of the
partitions having marginal depending ?anges
telescopically engaging the outer faces of the
projecting past the outer faces of the side walls
side walls and extending into the slots in the top
and end edge portions engaging the interiors of
the side walls above the slots, said projecting 5 edges of the projecting portions of said partitions.
portions having slots in the top edges thereof
GAYLORD LOTH.
adjacent the outer faces of the side walls, a cover
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