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Патент USA US2409751

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Oct. 22, 1946.
Filed July 29, 1944
man/142353. M
Patented Oct. 22, 1946
Jenness B. Frear, Evanston, Ill., assignor to
Signode Steel Strapping Company, Chicago, Ill.,
acorporation of Delaware
' Application July-29, 1944., Serial No. 547,229
4 Claims. (Cl. 206-435)
My invention relates to improvements in bun
dles and the preferred method of producing them,
with particular reference to use in connection
with the preparation of ingots for handling ‘and
It has been the practice, for example, to “run”
or cast magnesium into pigs or ingots weighing
about ?ve pounds each, such ingots being in the
form of elongated bars substantially trapezoidal
in cross section, with the taper ‘toward What is
herein referred to as the top faces of the bars.
and without any substantial danger that an in
got will slip out longitudinally even if looseness
should develop in a bundle when handled or dur
ing transportation. For accomplishing this ob
ject, a plurality of ingots are arranged in partial bundles or‘sub-units, held together by a
?exible metal binder formed into a loop about
some of the ingots of the sub-unit and engaging
the notches of the ingots and tightened in a novel
vmanner for holding the ingots of the sub-unit
?rmly in position, two or more of such sub-units
being bound together to make up the complete
As cast, each full ingot has a transversely posi
bundle or whole unit.
tioned notch or groove across its top face at about
In the preferred arrangement a partial bundle
the middle point therealong to facilitate the sep
aration of the whole into two approximately equal 15 or sub-unit constitutes six ingots-two pairs with
their broader bases abutting and spased apart
to form, in effect, two inwardly converging chan
Frequently it is desirable to be able to handle,
nels-into which the two other ingots of the sub
store and transport the ingots in groups or bun
group may be wedged—-and a binder looped about
dles rather than individually. In this condition '1
the‘ ingot pairs and tightened by the action of
they are more adaptable to lifting and carrying
the other two ingots of the sub-unit wedged into
by cranes and trucks with consequent reduction‘
the converging channels. In other Words, the
of manual effort and time consumed. And they
loop of binder extends about the two ingot pairs
are more adapted to bulk transportation. How
of the sub-group while the other two or interme
ever, the satisfactory bundling of ingots has been _
difficult because of the tendency to become ‘loose 25 diate'ingots of a sub-group are positioned out
side of the loop but in wedging relationship be
with handling or during shipment.
Metal ingots are usually very difficult to hold
in groups or bundles. In the ?rst place, the in
gots, because of their rigidity and non-compres
sibility, cannot well be sprung or compressed as 30
an aid to effecting and maintaining tightness of
a bundle. In the second place, ingots are not
uniform in size and shape and their surfaces are
tween the ingot pairs positioned within the loop,
such intermediate ingots beingpressed inwardly,
by severe pounding or otherwise, for tightening
the loop with‘re‘spect to the ingots. Pressure
means-is‘ then applied to the whole unit for hold
ing the intermediate ingots from movement out
of wedging relationship with‘the sub-unit, such
pressure means beingpreferably in the form of
normally rough. This roughness is such that
when the bars are placed in position for bundling 35 a flexible metal binder secured about one or two
of the subeunitarrangements.
all the high points on one bar do not ?tl into de
In the application of the ?exible binders into ‘
pressions on adjacent bars and during subsequent
position,‘ they are preferably arranged in engage
handling of bundles slight rearrangement of bars
ment with the transverse notches or grooves in
occurs which usually permits closer nesting ‘of
bars with the high points of one ?tting more de? 40 the exposed top faces of'the ingots, serving thus
substantially‘ to bind the bundle structure‘ as a ‘
nitely in depressions in the other, with resulting
whole so ‘as to prevent separation‘ ‘of, theingots
looseness in the steel strap or other securing me
and the sub-units and undue relative movement
dium of the bundle. With inadequate tightening
longitudinally of the sub-units with respect to,
of the bundle, one or more of the ingots is likely
to slip out of a bundle when it is tossed or thrown 45 each other.
It is a further object of the invention to im
or lifted with the ingots vertical or when sub
prove bundles and methods of producing the same
jected to the jars, jolts and shifts of transporta- ‘
It is the principal object of this invention to
provide an improved method of assembling and
bundling ingots or like articles, whereby improved
bundles may be ‘produced capable of being han
dled and moved to advantage without any‘ sub
in sundry details‘ hereinafter pointed out. The
preferred‘ arrangement of the parts and the means
by the use of which the method‘ is preferably
carried out are illustrated‘ in‘the accompanying
drawing,‘ in which:_
Fig. 1 isa side face view of an ingot of a type
stantial danger that the bundle will become loos
adapted to be bundled advantageously by my
ened under any ordinary conditions of handling,
improved method;
Fig. 2 is a vertical cross sectional view taken
substantially at the line 2-2 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a side view of a jig of a preferred
form, partly broken away, having a plurality of
ingots in position thereon for starting the forma
tion of the improved bundle;
Fig. 4 is an end view of the ingots of Fig. 3
with respect to each other so as to increase
slightly the distance between such outer bars.
The arrangement with respect to the initial
size of the loop I8 and with respect to the initial
position of the several bars is such that by the
time the intermediate bar 24 reaches the position
as shown in Fig. 5 by virtue of heavy pressure
but with two additional ingots in position and
thereon, the loop I8 has been tightened and per
with the end portions of the ?exible binder con
haps stretched slightly so as to cause the six bars
nected together to form a loop;
'10 as shown in said Fig. 5 to form a very compact and
Fig. 5 is an end view of the arrangement of
strong unit portion of a bundle.
Fig. 4 but with still another ingot added and
After a unit bundle has been completed as just
with the parts in their ?nal position for forming
described, a second unit of the same description
a sub-unit portion of a bundle;
is formed in the jig directly above the ?rst unit
Fig. 6 is an end view showing two sub-units of 15 (see Fig. ,6), employing bars 25, 26, 21, 28, 29 and
the type illustrated in Fig. 5 in position to re
30 and a ?exible metal binder 3|, corresponding
ceive a ?exible binder thereabout and form a
to the parts above described in connection with
complete unit or bundle; and
the unit as shown in Fig. 5. Means is then pro
Fig. 7 is an end view of a completed bundle.
vided for holding the intermediate bars I1, 24,
Referring now to the several ?gures of the 20 25 and 30 from movement out of their wedging
drawing, in which corresponding parts are indi
cated by the same reference characters, I0 indi
cates a magnesium ingot in the’ form of an elon_
positions so as to maintain the loop binders I8 and
3I in‘their fully'tighten'ed condition. This means
comprises preferably a third ?exible binder 32
gated bar tapering ‘toward the fact which is
which is tightened in any suitable manner about
herein for convenience described as the top face. 25 the two unit bundles, with the binder 32 extend
As is shown in Fig. 1, the bar is provided with a
ing about the binders I8 and 3I and about all
transversely positioned notch or groove I I there
of the several bars of the two units. As is clearly
across at about the mid point longitudinally of
shown in Fig. '7, the binder 32 engages the grooves
the bar.
" I
or notches II of the outer bars of the top and
In Fig. 3, a jig I2 is shown comprising a base 30 bottom tiers of bars. ‘In the course of the applié
I3, and two standards I4 rising from the base at
cation of the ?exible binder 32 into tightened con
opposite ends thereof. Each of the standards
dition, the bars 28, 29 and 38 of the top tier of
I4' is provided with a notch in its top face por
bars are preferably subjected to a severe pound
tion, with one of .the faces of the notch disposed
ing operation for insuring that the bundle as com
at a substantial angle from the horizontal, such 35 pleted shall'be compact and solid.
inclined faces of the notches'supporting a trans
It has been found in practice that with a
versely-extending board or table I5 provided
bundle prepared in this manner the bars 'are
with thin cleats It at each end of the board and
held so as to prevent any objectionable amount
with thin blocks I8a thereon in spaced relation
of movement either laterally or longitudinally
to ‘each other at the ends of the table for sup 40 ‘with respect to each other, so that the bundle
porting two bars in the desired positions thereon
can be handled and shipped with very little likeli
as hereinafter described.
hood that it will become unserviceable under any
In the preparation of a, bundle of bars or ingots
normal conditions of hard usage. The arrange
upon the jig I2, a bar I‘! is ?rst placed in posi
ment is also such that it can be very easily and
tion between the blocks I 6, after which a ?exible
quickly worked out in connection with the bars
metal binder strip I8 is laid across the bar in en
to be bundled.
gagement with the notch II in the upper face
While the form and arrangement of bundle
of the bar. Two additional bars I9 and 20 are
illustrated and the method by which the bun
then placed in position at oppposite sides of the
intermediate bar I‘! with the end portions of the 50 dle is produced are preferred, it is to be under- '
binder I8 extending underneath such additional
bars. The arrangement of the suppOrting faces
of the standards I4 and table I5 at an angle
from the horizontal is'such that the bars I‘I, I9
and 28 normally settle into the desired fairly snug
engagement with each other. As the next step
of the process, (see Fig. 4) two additional bars
2| and 22 are placed in position in base to base
relationship with the bars I9 and 28 respectively,
stood that the invention is not to be limited to
such arrangement and method except so far as
the claims ‘may be so limited, since it is possible
that changes might be made in the arrangement
or the ‘method without departing from the spirit
of the claims.
I claim:
1. In a bundle, the combination of two up
wardly tapered ingots arranged in base to base
relationship to each other, two other upwardly
connected together to'form a fairly loose loop 6.0 tapered ingots elsoarranged in base to base rela
tionship to each other and positioned in spaced
about the bars I 9, 28, 2I and 22. In the arrange
after which the end portions of the binder I8 are
ment shown, a ‘connector 23 of any approved
form is shown for effecting the connection of
the end portions of the band or binder, which
connector is adapted preferably to allow an in
crease in the loop length under suitable strain.
A sixth bar 24 is‘ then placed in position on the
outer face of the binder I8 and is driven or
otherwise forced downwardly toward the oppo
sitely positioned intermediate bar I‘! so as to
take up any slack in the loop binder I8. The bar
24, as it moves inwardly into position between the
outer bars 2| and 22, has a wedging relationship
with such outer bars so as to force them outwardly
relation to said ?rst named ingots at one side
thereof, said ingots being provided with aligned
transverse notches thereacross at intermediate
65 points thereon, a ?exible binder in the form of
a loop extending about said ingots and engaging
said notches, two other upwardly tapered ingots
interposed between said ?rst named ingots and
said second named ingots outside of said binder
and having transverse notches in their top faces
engaging said binder, said third mentioned ingots
serving when pressed forcibly toward each other
to tighten the binder strongly in interlaced posi
tion with respect to the several ingots, and means
7.5. '39T..I..1Pl"i§i¥!g 5’! Sec-9nd binder extending W911i? Said
2,409,750 ‘
?rst named binder and about the several ingots
for holding said third named ingots pressed in
wardly in tightening relationship to said ?rst
named binder.
2. In a bundle, the combination of a group ar
rangement of upwardly tapered bars and associ
ated parts comprising two of said bars in base to
base relationship to each other, two other such
bars also in base to base relationship to each
other and positioned in spaced relationship to 10
3. The method of forming a bundle of elon
gated bars tapering toward their top faces, which
comprises assembling three such bars side by side
on a supporting device at a substantial angle from
the horizontal whereby the bars normally have
snug engagement with each other, said three bars
being arranged with the outer bars in inverted
position with respect to the intermediate bar so
as to provide a wedging relationship of the bars
and with a ?exible binder extending over thein
said ?rst named two bars at one side thereof,
termediate bar and under the outer bars, then
said bars being provided with aligned transverse
notches thereacross at intermediate points there
placing two other such bars in base to base rela
tionship with said outer bars, then connecting the
end portions of the binder together above said
ing about said bars and engaging said notches, 15 bars to form a loop, then driving a sixth such
bar downwardly above the binder into tight wedg
and two other such bars interposed between said
ing relationship between said two other bars for
?rst named two bars and said second named two
tightening the loop, and then applying a second
bars outside of said binder and having trans
?exible binder about said ?rst named binder and
verse notches in their top faces engaging said
about said several bars and tightening said sec
binder, said third named two bars serving when
ond binder for holding the intermediate bars in
pressed forcibly toward each other to tighten
effective wedging position.
the binder strongly in interlaced position with
4. A bundle of objects of substantially trape
respect to the several bars, a second group ar
rangement of upwardly tapered bars and asso
zoidal cross section comprising an assembly of at
ciated parts comprising six other such bars and 25 least a pair of like sub-units, each sub-unit in
cluding at least two of the objects arranged to
a second ?exible binder formed and arranged as
provide between them a tapering space, a sub
speci?ed for said ?rst named group arrangement
on, a flexible binder in the form of a loop extend
unit binder loop-ed about the two objects so ar
and superposed upon said ?rst named group ar
rangement, and a third flexible binder extending
ranged, and another of the objects ?tting into
about said two group arrangements serving to 30 and wedging the sub-unit binder into the taper
ing space; and a unit binder tightly looped about
hold the intermediate bars of both groups pressed
inwardly in effective tightening relationship to
said ?rst named and said second ?exible binders.
the assembly of sub-units.
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