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Патент USA US2409766

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-oct 22,1946.
Filed May 4.11943 -
2 sheets-sheet 1
Oct. 22, 1946.
Filed May 4, 194s
, 2 sheetsfsh'eet 2
Tì‘ì?î" 2V Fig-Ef»
' y
Orr/mf? A A27/¿E
Patented 0er. 22, i946
2.409.165 I
Ottmar A. Kehle, West Los Angeles, Calif., as
` signor to Adel Precision Products Corp., a cor
poration of California
Application May 4, 1943, Serial No. 485,6744
1 Claim.
(Cl. 137-144)
`'I'his invention relates to a hydraulic selector
illustration of the bores, ports and passages in
the valve body;
Valve for controlling a hydraulic cylinder or like
means for operating aircraft controls and com
ponent mechanisms.
Fig. 6 is a horizontal sectional View taken on
the line 6-6 of Fig. 2 with the valve assemblies
One of the objects of my invention is to pro
vide a control Valve such as above described in
which bores, ports and passages are constructed
and valve operating means _omitted for clarity of
illustration of the bores, ports and passages in the
valve body;
and arranged in a novel manner making possible
the'use of a comparatively small, compact and
light-weight valvebody as well as cartridge type
valve assemblies of such improved construction
the line 'l-l of Fig. 2;
Fig. 8 is a diagrammatic View of the valve
embodying my invention.
Referring to the accompanying drawings more
and arrangement as will permit of ready and easy
installation, removal inspection and parts re
placement operations vand make for a reliable
performance of the control valve.
Fig. 7 isa horizontal sectional View taken on
specifically, it is seen that oneembodiment of
my invention includes a Valve body I of substan
tially rectangular form. provided with bores ex
" Another object is to provide a selector valve
tending longitudinally therethrough, there being
Aunit of the character described in which a simply
a pair of pressure fluid receiving bores 2 and 3 and
a pair of bores 4 and 5 for passing fluid to and
constructed and highly eiiìcient valve operating
means, when released following an operation to
receiving fluid from a hydraulic cylinder, not
unseat selected valve members of the unit, will 20 shown. The pressure bores 2 and 3 are located
permit the unseated valve members' to seat so as
adjacent diagonally opposite corners of the body I
Èo‘return the operating means to a neutral posi
while the cylinder bores 4 and 5 are located in the
same relation to the other diagonally opposite
A `further object of my invention is to provide
corners of said body thereby providing a rectangu
a selector valve of the character described which 25 lar group of bores in which a pressure and a cylin
includes four poppet Valves arranged in a rec
tangular group in small compass in a small valve
Vbody and intercommunicated by mean of straight '
ports and passages of short extent and so re
lated to one another, the body and the valves as
to make it possible to use a simple and eflicient
’Valve operating'means likewise of small compass
andincluding a lever movable in opposite direc
tions to open and hold open selected pairs of the
valves and which when released is returned to
neutral position and allows the Valves to seat.
With the foregoing objects in View, together
with such other objects and advantages as may
der bore are aligned as a pair on one side of the
longitudinal axis of the valve body while the other
bores are similarly disposed on the other side of
said axis for convenience of selective operation
and other purposes as will be apparent herein
„ The body I is provided at one end thereof with
a chamber 6 coextensive with and common to said
bores and adapted to contain valve operating
means which will be hereinafter described.
The pressure bore Zand the cylinder bore 5
aligned therewith in a plane substantially par
allel to the side surface 'I of the Valve body I are
subsequently appear, the invention resides in
extended obliquely inwardly from the inclined
the parts and in the combination, construction 40 upper surfaces 8 and 8a of the body. The other
and arrangement of parts hereinafter described
bores 4 and 3 are correspondingly disposed and
andv claimed, and illustrated by way of example
>therefore converge with bores 2 and 5 so thatthe
in the accompanying drawings, in which:
lower or inner ends of the bores are more closely
Fig. 1 is a top plan View of a valve embodying
grouped than at their upper or outer ends. This
my invention;
' `
45 arrangement conserves space and bulk and makes
Fig. 2 is an enlargedfffvertical sectional view
possible adequate spacing of the outer ends of the
taken on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1; '
bores for accommodating line connections, while
Fig. 3 is in part a side elevation looking from
‘the closely grouped lower ends opening into the
left to right in Figs. ‘1 and 2, parts being shown in
chamber 6 make for the desired operation of
Fig. 4 is a bottom plan view of the valve shown
`in Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is a horizontal sectional‘view taken on
'the line 5-5 of Fig. 2 with the valve assemblies
50 valves in said bores with a novel mechanism of
simple, small and compact construction and
which will be hereinafter described in detail. The
accommodationof the fluid line connections at
the upper ends of the bores is enhanced by the
,and valve operating means omitted for clarity oilV 55 Íbeveled or inclined surfaces 8 and 8a which slope
in opposite direction from a center ridge 8b and
extend substantially at right angles to the major
axes of the bores, as shown in Fig. 2. Moreover,
the particular arrangement of the bores as here
provided simpliñes the formation of a novel ar
rangement of ports and passages which constitute
improvements in the art as will be hereinafter
As here provided the pressure bore 2 is pro
vided with a connection ñtting 2a at its outer or
upper end affording the coupling-thereto of 'a
iiuid pressure supply line such as the 2b shown
in Fig. 8 whereby fluid from a pump or other
source of supply of pressure fluid -(not shown)
may be delivered to the control valve. Owing
to the fact that the outer end of each pair of
bores (3 and 5 or 4 and 2) are farther spaced
apart than their juxtaposed inner ends, a space
circumjacent to the outer end of each bore is
provided against which the enlarged part of the
screwed in fitting may abut.
4a and 5a and the points where the return pas
sage I2 open into said bores.
Each of the cages l0 has a reduced portion
between the valve seat therein and the connec
tion fitting on the outer end thereof, also a sec~
ond reduced portion between the valve seat and
the enlarged or closure end II thereof.
reduced portions are provided with large radial
ports Iûc and Ißd respectively which commun
icate the associated bore with the interior of the
cage. A portion Ille of each cage surrounds the
valve seat and has a sealing fit in its associated
bore and is provided with a sealing ring Illf of
circular cross section in sealing contact with the
wall of said 'associated bore.
Each of the valves here employed is identical
and has a Vstern 23 provided with an enlarged
piston-like guide portion and closure member 24
having a working fit in the lower end II of its
associated cage. Packing rings 25 are provided
on Íthe guide portion 24 and together lwith'said
portion will seal the lower or inner end ofthe
bore through `cage and shut off communication
between the associated bore in lthe valve body
and the chamber 6. The lower endof each valve
for directing iiuid to and from a hydraulic -cylin
stem 23 is disposed in the chamber >6 as shown in
dei' (not shown) are provided.
Fig. 2. By constructing each member V24 'as 'a
The outer end of the other pressure `bore v3 is
'part of the valve'stem'with which it is associated
provided with a similar fitting 3a and is closed
a fewer number of separate parts are required
by means of a plug 3b screwed Yinto said fitting.
However, pressure fluid is delivered from the 30 than would otherwise 'be necessary.
A spring 26 is provided in each 'cage for seat
pressure bore 2 to the pressure Vbore 3 by means
ing each valve and has 'a tension adjusting'nut
of a short and straight pressure port 3c extending
'21 associated'therewith'as shown in Fig.'2. It is
horizontally in the‘upper or outer part of the body
now seen that the four valve assemblies are com
I as'shown in dotted lines in Figs. 2 and 3 and
plete in their respective cages which are subject
in full lines in Fig. 5.
to being readily screwed into and'unscrewed and
As here provided the fittings 2a, 3a, 4a and 5a,
removed'from the bores 2, '3, 4 yand 5 .thereby fa
are provided as the integral outer ends of four
cilitating assembly of the unit hereof >as well as
cylindrical valve containing cartridges or cages
inspection ' and’ parts-replacement operations.
'generally designated IU and which extend into
In accordance with my invention the'body `I is
the bores A2, 3, 4, and 6 through the length ’of
provided'with communicating or connecting pas
the latter. The 'inner or lower ends 'Il of >the
sagesí23 and 29 which extend from those portions
ca'ges lIll are constructed to act as closures for
of the pressure lbores 2 and- 3 which arebetween
the corresponding ends of the bores '2, 3, 4 and 5
thesealing ends Il of the cages I0 and the pres
and each of the ends I`I is provided with aperiph
eral sealing ring Ha of circular cross section « sure valve seats I4 and I5 obliquely upwardlyand
outwardly into those portions of the >cylinder
to vengage the walls of said bores.
bores ‘4 and?) whichare'between the return valve
As shown 'in Figs. >2 and i3 in dotted ‘lines and
seats I8 and 'I9 and the `connectionfnttings 4a and
in Fig. 6 in'full lines,‘the vbodyis provided with
5a. 'Looking at Fig. .2«it is seen'thatsincebore 2
a short and straight return fluid passage I2 ex
is opposite and on the right y.side of bore 4, .the
tending horizontally between the ‘two ’cylinder
connecting passage ?28 extends upwardly from
ports in a plane parallel to that of the pressure
bore 2 and is inclined to thele'ft, while passage
po-rt 3c and spaced from the inner ends ofthe
29 extends las .shown in dotted 'lines .upwardly
bores about the same distanceasthe port'3c is
from bore’3 and’is inclined in the Aopposite direc
spaced from the outer ends of the bores. An
tion .compared to ,passage Y23, thereby making it
internally screw threaded outlet port `I2a is `ex
possible to form these Ypassages with a simple
tended through the side surface il of thevbody I
.drilling operation.
so as to intersect'the passage I2 andthe cylinder
Iprovide irl-accordance with thisinvention Ya
bore 5 vas best shownin Fig. 6. This outlet .port
novel means for selectively Aoperating the valves
aiîords the connection of a return line such as
the one >I3 shown in Fig. 8, whereby'fluid is're 60 in pairs, this means being .of .simple .construction
and arrangement, comparatively inexpensive in
lturned to the'reservoir (not shown) .of thehy
Similar connection ñttings 4a and 5a-are Apro
vided ior the cylinder bores‘4 vand 5 whereby
cylinder lines such asthe ones‘4b and ‘5b in Fig. "8
draulic system with which my‘valve .unitlìs as
Located at corresponding points .in the cages .
I6 in the .pressure bores 2 and L3 .are valve-seats
I4 and I5 for pressure valves ÍI`6 .and II'I of the
that it »requires nocostly machining .operations
.in >the making thereof .andisexceptionally .com
pact. As here shown this means includes an
operating `lever 3D fulcrumed atene end .on a
pin 3| seated in Iapertured ears >32 Yformed on a
closure plate .33. 4This ,plateis secu-redby means
.of . iasten-ings34 .to «the'end 7of the .body >at iwhich
the chamber 6 opens and not only closes-said
poppet type which .are .operated `to .open and
lclose the bores 2 and f3 at vpoints between -.the
closedvends II of the `cages and the ¿points where
the pressure port 3c opens into the .upper ends 0. chamber .but acts as -a mounting means .for-the
valve unit inasmuch as it is provided .withbolt
-of said bores.
openings .35 in marginal portions which extend
Similarly disposed in 'the -cages I’ß'in the cylin
outwardly'from the Valvelbodyas seen-in Figs. 1
der bores 4 and?) are valves"20 and'ìl o'f ‘the
Aand-2. poppet type arranged to open and »close the bores
4 and 5 at points between the connection ñtting 75 The plate 33 has a circular opening 35i therein
through which the lever 33 extends, it being
noted that the ears 32 and the pin 3l are disposed
in the chamber 6 and that said ears have curved
outer faces 32a which engage and conform to
the circular side wall of the chamber E as shown
in Fig. 7.
Spaced somewhat outwardly from
the fulcrum point of the lever 33 is a substantially
semi-spherical enlargement 3l the curved surface
of which is outermost and projects through the
sage 29, upper part of bore 5 and cylinder line 5o
to the cylinder (not shown). Fluid is returned
from the cylinder through the line 4b bore 4, past
then open valve 2li to the return passage I2 and
return port I2a into the return line I 3.
When the lever 3d is released the valves Il and
2B will operate to return the lever to neutral posi
tion while being seated by fluid and spring pres
sure in the same manner as with the valves I6
opening 36 so as to contact a flexible sealing an 10 and 2| hereinbefore described.
nulus 33 held in a recess 39 in the wall of said
opening and operating to Seal said opening yet
permit of free oscillatory movement of the lever,
U-shaped valveV stem lifting members .46 and
It Ishould be noted that the valves I5, I6, 25J
and 2| are closed and the lever 30 returned to
neutral by fluid pressure more particularly than
by the springs 26, due to the pressure of the ñuid
4I are mounted on the lever 30 on opposite sides 15 against the piston-like ends 2li of the stems 23 of
of the fulcrum so that on movement 0f the lever
said valves. These piston-like ends in responding
to the right the member d@ will simultaneously
to lluid pressure so as to transmit this pressure
engage and lift stems 23 for` the pressure valve
to the operating lever 3U, give to the operator
IB and the return valve 2l in bores 2 and 5 re
a certain “feel” indicative of the condition of the
spectivelywhereas when the lever is moved to the 20 system,
thereby affording a nicety of control. In
left the member 4I will simultaneously engage
if there is no load on the hydraulic
the stems 23 for the pressure valve Il and to
cylinder controlled by my valve unit, until the
return valve 26 in the bores 3 and 4 respectively.
piston in the cylinder reaches the end of its stroke,
The lifting members 40 and 4I each have plate
pressure will build up and the force thereof
like bodies 42 which rest in inclined planes on the 25
will be transmitted to the operating lever 303v
upper edges of the enlargement 3l as shown in
thereby indicating to the operator that he should
Fig. 2, slightly spaced from the valve stem 2li
the operating lever whereby the pressure
when valves and operating means therefor are in
fluid Will close the valves and return the handle
neutral position. The members dû and 4I have
to neutral.
side arms 43 as shown in FigsrB and 7, said arms 30
being flattened and overlapped where the pin
passes through their alined apertures.
With reference to the diagrammatic view of the
The amount of flow through the valve unit
hereof i's easity regulated. Tapping of the lever
3l! results in infinitesimal flow and small move
ment of
lever causes a like small flow, while
valve shown in Fig. 8, it is seen that the lever Sill is
normally in a neutral perpendicular position and 35 full movement of the lever effects a full llow of
the fluid, there being a definite “feel” transmit
all valve members are closed. When it is desired
ted as aforesaid to the operator, thereby afford
to operate the cylinder (not shown) in o-ne direc
ing a greater nicety of control.
tion the lever is swung to the right so that the
While I have shown and described specillc em
valve lifting member 40 will be moved against the
stems 23 of the pressure valve IB and return valve 40 bodiments of my invention I do not limit myself
to the exact details of construction 'set forth, and
2l in the bores 2 and E respectively, thereby
the invention embraces such changes, modifica
simultaneously unseating the valves IB and 2l.
tions and equivalents of the parts and their for
Pressure fluid now flows through bore 2 in
mation and arrangement as come Within the pur
which the valve I6 is open, passage V28, bore 4
view of the appended claim.
above the valve 2l), then closed, thence through
I claim:
cylinder line 4b to one end of the cylinder. Re
In a structure of the kind described, a support,
turn fluid from the other end of the cylinder
a valve operating lever, a pivot connecting an
passes through the other cylinder line 5b into
end portion of said lever with said support for
the bore 5, past Valve 2l, then Opens into return
passage I2, thence through port I2a into the re 50 rocking movement in relation thereto, said end
portion of said lever having a head which pro
turn line I3 of the hydraulic system.
vides two oppositely projecting extensions, one
The valves I6 and 2| will remain unseated as
at each side of said pivot, a pair of flattened side
long as the operator holds the lever 30 in the posi
arms at each side of said pivot having aligned
tion into which it is moved to unseat 'said valves
but when the lever is released, the fluid pressure 55 apertures through which said pivot passes, an
elongated valve operating plate secured to edge
and the springs for said valves will seat the valves
and the stems 23 will operate to return the lever
portions of each of said pairs of flattened arms,
to neutral position during the seating movement~
of the valves.
When it is desired to move the hydraulic cyl
inder piston (not shown) in the opposite direc
tion to that effected responsive to movement of
lever 3i) to the right, the lever is swung to the
said valve operating plates being positioned at
opposite sides of said pivot in a parallel spaced
60 apart relation to each other, and positioned to
be supported by the aforesaid extensions of the
lever head, a valve body mounted on the afore
said support, and a plurality of valves mounted
left so that the valve lifting member 4l will en
in said body, said valves having operating stems
gage the stems 23 for the valves I'I and 2li in the 65 a plurality lof which are positioned for being
bores 3 and Il respectively whereby said valves will
acted upon in an endwise manner by a face por
be simultaneously unseated, Pressure iluid now
tion of each of said plates when said lever is
flows from bore 2 through the port 3c into the
bore 3, thence past open valve I'I, through pas
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