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Патент USA US2409785

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06.22,‘ 1946.
_ E,’ M, Mona-[buss
_
'
2,409,784
.TOOL FOR INSTALLING CONDUIT curs
-
" Filed Sept. 20, ‘1945
2 Shuts-Sheet 1
3mm
[4664/5 M/Vowwuss
Oct. 2;, 1946.
-
E, ‘M_ MOREHOUSE
2,409,784
TOOL FOR INSTALLING CONDUIT CLIPS
Filed Sept» 20,1943
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
SWUMVM
Patented Oct. 22, 1946
2,409,784
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,409,784‘
TOOL FOR INSTALLING‘CONDUIT CLIPS ;
Eugene M. Morehouse, 'I‘ujunga, Calif., assignor to
. Adel Precision Products Corp., a corporation of
California
‘ Application September 20, 1943, Serial No. 503,123
3 Claims.
(Cl. 81—3)
1
This invention relates to a tool by means of
2
..
subsequently appear, the invention resides in the
parts and in the combination, construction and
which conduit supporting clips may be installed
in air craft, and embodies as hereinafter pointed
arrangement of parts hereinafter described and
out certain improvements in the tool shown in
claimed, and illustrated by Way of example in
my United States Letters Patent No. 2,359,237, 5 the accompanying drawings, in which:
‘
issued September 26, 1944, and entitled “InstallaFig. 1 is a top plan View of a tool embodying
tion tool for conduit clips.”
. my invention as when being brought into position
The primary object of the present invention
to engage the conduit clip mounted on a conduit;
is to provide a tool of the character described
Fig. 2 is a Side elevation of the tool as when in
which may be readily applied and operated in 10 the position shown in Fig- 1;
many di?erent angles and positions on either
Fig. 3 is an elevational view showing an end
side of a conduit clip instead of in the manner
to which the tool of said application is limited,
of the tool as when the outer jaws are engaged
with the outer face of one of the ends of the
will afford easier access to the apertured ends of
clip‘;
‘
the clip in inserting a screw or bolt therethrough 15
Fig- 4 is a fragmentary top plan view of the
and in installing or removing the screw or bolt;
11001 Showing the outer jaws lying between the
requires a smaller amount of movement of the
structural member on which the clip is supported
operating lever, is much more rugged and deand said clip, preliminary to removing the tool;
pendable in operation, and saves time, labor and
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary ‘001) plan Similar to Fig- 4
installation costs compared to tools as heretofore 20 showing the manner of Spreading and releasing
provided.
the jaws from their Fig. 4 position after the clip
A further object of my invention is to provide
is secured in place;
a tool of the character described in which the
‘ Fig- 6 is a bottom Plan View OI" the tool'when
jaws for gripping and holding the apertured ends
folded into collapsed position;
I
of the clips in alignment are substantially 00- 525
Fig. '7 is a side elevation partly in Section Show
planar when in position to hold said ends toingone way of applying and operating the tool;
gether, instead of being in different planes with
Fig. 8 is an elevational view with the tool ap
the outer jaw well below the plane of the inner
plied in a reverse manner to its Fig. 7 position;
jawas in my former tool, thereby making it posFig. 9 is an elevational view showing the tool
sible to apply the tool with the lever on the lower 30 applied from the opposite side of the clip com
or‘ upper side of the tool and with the tool in
pared to Figs. 7 and 8; Fig. 10 is a fragmentary
different positions and angles on either side of
the clip, and assuring the bringing of the aper-
side elevational view, partly in section, showing
a preferred manner of applying the tool when
tures in the ends of, the clip into registration,
the adjacent structures permit, whereby the tool
also disposing the vtool so that it does not inter- 35 is disposed in out-of-way position relative to the
fere with straight or“ angular insertion of the
aligned apertures and the operator may insert
bolt or screw into said apertures, since in all
a screw and screw driver for quickly and easily
positions of the tool the inner jaw and adjacent
securing the clip in place Without having the tool
parts are spaced to one side of said apertures a
interierewith such installation.
greater distance than in my former tool where 40 Referring to the drawings more speci?cally, it
in case of misalignment of the apertures and an
is seen that one embodiment of my improved
angular insertion of the bolt is necessary, the
tool includes a pair of opposed and preferably
inner jaw often prevents or renders di?icult such
resilient metal arms I spaced apart in substantial
an angular insertion of the bolt.
parallelism so that certain corresponding in
Another and more specific object is to provide 45 wardly turned and somewhat pointed ends thereof
a tool of the character described in which the
will constitute a pair of opposed outer jaws 2
arm or link member connecting the inner and
adapted to lie against the outer face of either
slidable jaw with the operating lever is conof the apertured ends 3 and 4 of a resilient metal
structed to a?ord easy access to the apertures
conduit-embracing band-like strap 5 depending
in the ends of the clip in placing or removing 50 on which of said apertured ends said jaws are
the bolt or Screw in Said apertures and in manippositioned in the use of the tool, while said arms
ulating a screw driver to set up or remove the bolt
extend across and opposite to the side edges of
or screw.
the ends 3 and 4.
With the foregoing objects in view, together
The strap 5‘forms the body portion of a stand
with such other objects and advantages as‘may 55 ard conduit supporting clip now well known in
2,409,784
3
ll
the art and supports a conduit-embracing cush
outwardly toward the jaws 2, the guide members
ion 6. The ends 3 and 4 of the strap are wide and
?at and normally spaced apart as shown in Figs.
portions I8 together thereby moving the jaws 2
IS in sliding along the arm portions I8 will move
into position to engage an end of the strap while
1 and 2 and must be brought together with their
apertures aligned as shown in Figs. 4 and 10, for 5 the jaw I3 is moved to engage the other end of the
strap. When the two ends 3 and 4 of the strap 5
example, in order that a bolt or screw ‘I may be
are moved together, as shown in Fig. 4, the arm
inserted and manipulated to secure the clip on
portions I8 are substantially parallel and substan
the conduit 8% well as to a supporting struc
tially coplanar with the jaws I and I3.
ture 9.
It should be noted that the jaw I3 is notched
The other or inner ends of the arms I are joined
as at I3’ to accommodate the rib formations 3’
by a straight cross portion I I! which by means of
and 4' on the strap ends 3 and 4 respectively
a staple member II is pivoted to a lever I2 at a
whereby a close gripping contact of the jaw trans
point approximately centrally of the ends of the
versely of said ends is assured and the jaws are
lever as shown in Figs. 2 and 6.
.
prevented from slipping out of place. Fig. 3 shows
In addition to providing the outer jaws 2 on
how the opposed jaws 2 lie on opposite sides of the
their outer ends, the arms I slidably support a
rib 3’ in a depression 5' formed by off-setting the
sliding jaw I3 extending transversely between said
end 3 relative to the strap 5. This makes the jaws
arms and which as here shown is one square end
2 lie substantially ?ush with the outer face of the
of a plate-like link or arm I4 pivoted at its other
and reduced end as at I5 to the lever I 2 at a point 20 offset portion of the end 3 (see Figs. 3 and 4) and
permits of withdrawing the jaws 2 by spreading
between one end of the lever and the portion I0
them apart after the clip is installed, as shown in
and nearer to said one end than to said portion
Fig. 4.
III. The sliding connection between the jaw I3
With the arms I substantially horizontally dis
and the arms I is provided by means of two in
tegral guide members It located at the ends of 25 posed as shown for example in Fig. 2, it is seen the
arm portions I8 are downwardly inclined from
the jaw I3 which forms part of the plate-like
and angularly related to the convergent portions
link I4 and slidably hooked onto said arms as best
I’! from the inner ends of which latter the re
shown in Figs. 3 and 6. The members I6 are
maining portions I9 of said arms leading to the
formed as curled tongues bent to hook around the
upper, outer and under sides of the arms I. The 30 pivot or cross portion IQ are extended angularly
plate-like character of the link I4 makes it possi
ble to form said tongues at minimum cost.
The jaw I3 is adapted to engage the outer face
upward in the opposite manner to the portions I8.
The link or arm I 4 is bent or bowed outwardly
intermediate its ends as at 20 so that the link is
somewhat angular. These constructions and ar
of one of the apertured ends of the strap 5, For
example, as shown in Fig. 2, if the jaws 2 are set 35 rangements, together with the locations of the
against the outer face of the apertured end 3, then
two pivots, make it possible to fully operate the
tool with a lever movement of approximately 90
jaw I3 will engage the outer face of the other end 4
upon manipulating the lever I2 from position
degrees of are as against approximately 180 de
shown in Fig. 2 to position shown in Fig. 7, thereby
grees of lever movement required in the tool
clamping the ends 3 and 4 together as shown in 40 shown in my former application and this saves
Figs. 4 and '7, in preparation for applying the
time and effort and makes possible operation of
screw or bolt 1'. The tool will remain in position
the tool in con?ned spaces, Moreover, the vari
shown in Fig. '7 due to its toggle action and past
ous bends of the arms I and I4 provide for a
center movement of the lever I2 thereby leaving
straight line thrust of the jaws, the collapse of
both hands of the operator free to install the nut
the tool into smaller compass than in the tool
shown in said pending application, and make pos
or bolt.
The arms I are adapted to be spread apart to
sible the application of the tool in the various
spread the jaws 2 apart whereby they may be
positions shown in Figs. '7, 8, 9 and 10.
readily moved into position to engage one of the
An important feature of this invention is that
ends 3 and A of the strap 5, after which the arms 50 of having the jaws 2 and I3 substantially coplanar
I and jaws 2 are moved toward one another to
instead of the jaws 2 being spaced well below the
engage said one of said ends, for example as shown
plane of jaw 13 as provided in the tool shown in
in Fig. 3. However, where the clip installation,
said application. The straight portions E8 of the
the width of the ends of the clip, the construction
arms on which the jaw I3 rests when engaged
of the support for the clip and adjacent structures 55 with one of the ends 3 and 4 make this possible,
permit, the jaws 2 and I3 may be positioned to
it being noted that in my former tool the portions
engage the ends 3 and 4 of the clip without spread
of the arms corresponding to portions I8 hereof
ing the arms l and jaws 2 apart, it being only
were arcuate.
necessary to have the jaw I3 moved rearwardly
By having the jaws 2 and I3 coplanar or sub
along the arms I from jaws 2 sufficiently to bring 60 stantially so, it is seen they will more e?ectively
the jaws downward over the ends 3 and 4 in
grip and hold the ends 3 and 4 of the strap and
opposition to the outer faces of said ends.
pull them together so as to insure alignment of
To provide for the spreading apart of the jaws
the apertures therein. Moreover, this arrange
2, the arms I at points intermediate their ends
ment of the jaws 2 and I3 makes it possible to
have oblique and inwardly convergent portions I‘!
apply the tool in the various ways shown in Figs.
which when the guide members I6 and jaw I3 are
7 to 10 inclusive.
moved thereon toward the inner or pivoted ends
Fig. '7 shows the jaws 2 and I3 engaging the
of the arms I, will allow the arms 5 to spring
ends 3 and ll respectively with the tool nearly
apart, said arms being tensioned as to move apart
horizontal and the lever I2 uppermost. Fig. 8
as the jaw is moved in the manner above noted.
shows the tool reversed and the lever lowermost.
When the arms I are spread apart as shown in
Fig. 9 shows the tool applied to bring jaws 2
Figs. 1 and 5, the Straight portions I8 of said arms
against end 3 and jaw I3 against end 3. Fig. 10
extending between the jaws 2 and the convergent
shows the tool in the reversed position of Fig. 8,
portions I ‘I will extend divergently from said por
tions I1. Therefore when the jaw I3 is moved 75 and engaging the clip as shown in Fig. 7, but
2,409,784
5
6
the tool extends upwardly and obliquely outward
clip therethrough when the tool is positioned in
front of said ends when clamping the clip on the
as shown in Fig. 10.
v
To provide for ready access to the apertured
ends 3 and 4 of the clip when the tool is set to
hold said ends together, particularly as shown
in Fig. 10, a large square opening 2| is provided
duit-embracing and supporting clip having a
pair of opposed ends adapted to be forced to
in the arm or link Hi. As shown in Fig. 10, the
opening 2| fully exposes the ends 3 and 4 per
mitting of an easy insertion or removal of the
gether to clamp the clip on a conduit and position
said ends for application thereto of means for
securing them together, a pair of opposed arms
conduit.
‘
2. In a tool for installing a band-like con
bolt as well as the manipulation of a screw driver 10 spaced apart and adapted to be positioned oppo
to set or remove the bolt even when the bolt
site corresponding edges of said ends of the clip,
must be angularly inserted or removed in case
opposed inwardly turned ends on said arms form
of misalignment of the apertures in said ends
of the clip.
ing a pair of jaws for engaging the outer face of
one of the ends "of said clip, an operating lever,
While I have shown and described speci?c em 15 means for pivotally connecting the ends of said
bodiments of my invention I do not limit myself
arms opposite to the jaws to said lever to provide
a fulcrum for the lever, a plate-like link having
to the exact details of construction set forth, ‘and
the invention embraces such changes, modi?ca
one of its ends pivoted on the lever between one
tions and equivalents of the parts and their for
end of the lever and the fulcrum therefore, said
mation and arrangement as come within the pur
link having its other end presenting an edge
view of the appended claims.
transversely of and between said arms as a law
I claim:
to engage the outer face of the other of said
1. In a tool for installing a band-like conduit
ends of the clip; and tongues on said link bent
embracing and supporting clip having a pair of
around said arms and slidably holding the jaw
opposed ends adapted to be forced together to 25 end of the link on said arms, said link having
clamp the clip on a conduit and position said
an opening therein adjacent its jaw end through
ends for application thereto of means for secur
which opening a bolt or screw may be inserted
ing them together, a pair of opposed arms spaced
and removed.
apart and adapted to be positioned opposite cor
3. In a tool for installing a band-like conduit
responding edges of said ends of the clip, jaw
corresponding ends thereof for engaging the out
embracing and supporting clip having a pair of
opposed ends adapted to be forced together to
clamp the clip on a conduit and position said
er face of one of the ends of the clip, an operat-‘
ends for application thereto of means for secur
means extending between said arms at certain
ing lever, means pivotally connecting the other
ing them together, a pair of opposed arms spaced
ends of said arms to said lever to afford a ful 35 apart and adapted to be positioned opposite cor
responding edges of said ends of the clip, jaw
crum therefor, a slidable jaw supported on said
means extending between said arms at certain
arms for movement into and out of engagement
corresponding ends thereof for engaging the outer
with the outer face of the other of the ends of
face of one of the ends of the clip, an operating
said clip, the portions of said arms on which said
slidable jaw is positioned being straight, said jaw 40 lever, means pivotally connecting the other ends
means and said slidable jaw being substantially
of said arms to said lever to afford a fulcrum
‘therefor, and an elongated member including a
coplanar when the latter is on said straight por
jaw portion which is slidably supported over said
tions of said arms; and a connecting arm ?xed
arms for movement into and out of engagement
at one end to said slidable» jaw and pivoted at its
with the outer face of the other of the ends of
other end to said lever at a point nearer to one
said clip, said member having through it an open
end of the lever than to the fulcrum of the lever
ing adjacent to its said jaw portion to permit
for sliding said slidable jaw on said pair of arms
access therethrough to the ends of the clip when
toward and away from said jaw means when said
the tool is positioned in front of said ends when
lever is rocked on its fulcrum, said connecting
arm having an opening therein adjacent said 50 clamping the clip on a conduit.
sliding jaw to permit of access to the ends of the
EUGENE M. MOREHOUSE.
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