Патент USA US2409826код для вставки
1. 22, 1%.‘ ' B. BARINGOLTZ ‘2,499,825 ' PROCESS FOR PURIFYING EXHAUST GASES Filed Dec. 8, 1942 E. 43%:25.1 .em. INVENTOR Bmmwea BARmaoL-r; BY 7&4: ATTORNEY. Patented Oct. 22, 1946 2,469,825 2,409,825 PROCESS FOR PURIFYING EXHAUST GASES Bernardo Baringoltz, Pedermar, Argentina Application December 8, 1942, Serial No. 468,243 1 Claim. ( Cl. 23—2) 1 2 The invention relates to a device which serves Division II may be fixed to cylindrical wall I2 or" principal chamber I, for example, by means as a silencer and disintoxicator of the escape gases of internal combustion engines, which may be added advantageously at the escape tube of the engine, as it will not only enable to silence the noise produced by the combustion, but also to dis intoxicate completely the escape gases, causing thus the disappearance of a highly felt, present inconvenience. of a ring I3 combined with a groove Ill, wherein equally will be retained a bell 55, in communica tion with principal chamber I by means of an opening I6 arranged at the upper part of di vision I I and protected by a metal web IT, prefer ably somewhat bulging towards principal cham ber i. From said opening I6 there parts, de At continuation one constructive way of said 10 scending obliquely, a tube I8 which ends at the device will be speci?ed by means of a preferred center of bell 15 which is left open at its narrow example of execution of the invention, wherein hind-end I9, so that bell I5 forms a chamber 20‘ Figure 1 is a vertical, longitudinal cut through wherein a ?rst retention of solid organic particles or corpuscles is produced. the device, Figure 2 a vertical view of the device seen from The general body of the device formed in its the left end of Figure 1, and ?rst part by principal chamber I continues to ex Figure 3 a similar vertical view of the device tend to the other side, containing within its cy seen from the right end of Figure 1. lindrical walls I2 behind the ?rst bell I5 a second hell 2! wherein ?rst bell I5 encases, occupying the The novel device to which the invention relates, is preferably cylindrical in shape, although this 20 central part thereof with its open end I9. This is not indispensable, and it is composed of a prin second bell 2|, contrary to ?rst bell I5, is closed cipal chamber 5, wherein is inserted a box 2 of in the shape of a truncated cone by wall 22. This second bell 2! is seated upon a horizontal division much smaller dimensions, provided with a per forated bottom 3' and reposing within principal 22 which extends to the second body 24, and said chamber I upon frame or pedestal 4. Said cham second bell 2! furthermore is retained by clamps ber 2 will contain a ?lling 5 which consists of a 25 ?xed at 26 to the vertical Wall of said second granulated chemical compound which trans body 2d. forms the carbon oxide of the escape gases into The second body 24, which just has been men carbon dioxide by catalytic oxidation; for ex tioned, is fixed hermetically to the general body ample, it can be made up by a mixture which 30 of the device, for example, by means of a ring contains 21 which within a groove 21’ embraces the doubled ends of both walls of the two bodies, viz. Per cent of the general body and of second body 24. Said Potassium chlorate ______________________ __ 20 connecting ring 21 will be divided into halves, be Manganese oxide ________________________ __ 20 ing thus unmountable, and it can be adjusted Iron oxide ______________________________ __ 201 Copper oxide ____________________________ __ 20 Calcium carbide _________________________ __ 201 In the middle of its top, box 2 is provided with a tube 8 which is doubled so as to ?t hermetically hermetically by means of screwpins so as to form an absolutely hermetic union between both bodies. This second body 24 contains a retention box for solid particles 29, and so as to retain said box 29 within the interior of body 24, said body, for with another tube of horizontal position l which example, may be provided with soldered legs 28. passes through the lateral wall 8 of principal Said box 29 will have as a wall metal webs 30, and chamber I, so as to extend to the escape tube 9 to said walls 3!} preferably an oblique inclina of the motor (not shown), wherewith it forms, for example by means of ?anges Ill, an hermetic 45 tion will be given, such as shown in Figure 1. Finally, second body 24 terminates in the outlet connection. tube 3| Wherethrough issue to the atmosphere Principal chamber I, at the side opposed to lat only completely disintoxicated gases, the run of eral wall 8, is closed by a division II. Also said which through the device from escape tube 9 to principal chamber I contains more or less up to two thirds of its height and surrounding box 2 50 said outlet tube 3| it is worth While to describe brie?y. and tubes 6 and ‘i, a granulated ?lling of another Said gases pass from escape tube 9 of the en chemical compound 32, the purpose of which is to gine through tube ‘I continued by tube 6 to box 2 absorb the carbon dioxide which is formed in box 2, as well as the other combustion gases. Said compound may consist for example of a mixture of Per cent Calcium oxide ___________________________ __ 50 Iron sulphate ___________________________ __ 20‘ Caustic soda ____________________________ __ 30 wherein they cross the layer of the granulated chemical compound 5, so as to pass through the perforated bottom 3 of said box 2 and get scat tered, raising from pedestal 4 through the second layer of the other granulated chemical compound 32, so as to pass through opening I6 of division I I to tube I8, wherefrom, issuing at I9, they will 2,409,825 4 3 A process for purifying the exhaust gases from hit against back wall 22 of second bell 2|. These runs and hits will provoke the precipitation of the internal combustion engines, which comprises - solid particles which accumulate at bottom 20 of ?rst treating said gases with an agent consisting of the following components in approximately the whereas the light parts, viz., the gases, will raise 5 stated proportions: 20% potassium chlorate, 20% along the upper wall of second hell 2! so as to pass managanese oxide, 20% iron oxide, 20% copper ?rst bell l5, as well' as beneath second bell 2|, to second body 24, wherein again they will meet with metal web walls 30 which serve for retaining oxide, and 20% calcium carbide, so as to trans form the carbon monoxide present in the exhaust the last solid particles which may have reached gases into carbon dioxide, and immediately until there. To said. walls 30 the oblicuous in 10 thereafter treating said gases with an absorbing clination shown in Figure 1 has been given so as to lessen the hit of the gases against said walls 30, and, ?nally, after having passed also through agent consisting of the following components in approximately the stated proportions: 50% cal cium oxide, 20% iron sulphate, and 30% caustic said two walls 30, the puri?ed gases, made in soda. nocuous, will escape through outlet tube 31. .15 I claim: BERNARDO BARINGOLTZ.