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Патент USA US2409842

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‘ Oët. 22,l 1946.
H. J. cRlNEvR
A
' 2,409,839
TOY
Filed July 28, 1945
2 Sheets-Sheet 1 ' '
_ET-2
M
4
I
Y;
ß INVENTOR.
W
,.
Oct, 22, 1946. Y
H_ J, CRINER l
2,409,839
TOY`
Filed July 28, 1945
2 Sheets-Sheet 2 `
Patented Oct. 22, 1946
¿dans N
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE f
TOY
Harry J. Criner, Davenport, Iowa, assigner of
one-half to A. G. Bush, Davenport, Iowa
Application July 28, 1945, Serial No. 607,594`
14 Claims.
1
(Cl. 46--114)
2
My invention relates to a new and useful toy.
The objects of my invention are to provide a
shaft 6, at which time the retractor will leave
contact with the point I3 releasing the bar and
toy which will simulate a gun cr cannon and
permitting the plunger Ill to return to its normal
which may be actuated either manually or by
position. The points I3 may extend both up
wheels arranged to travel over a floor or walk; 5 wardly and downwardly from the bar I2 to be
also to provide a mechanical movement applicable
caught by the yoke I5 when revolving in either
to a variety of u'ses.
I accomplish these objects by the means shown
in the accompanying drawings, in which
direction and the bar retracted as described.
In order to hold the axis of the bar I2 in line
with the center of the shaft 6, I form the front
. Figure 1 is a top or plan View of one form of 10 end of the bar I2 with a flat face and provide a
my apparatus, with a portion of the frame and
handle in section on the line I--I of Figure 2;
llï‘igure 2 is a vertical section on the line 2-2
of Figure 1;
'
flat-faced plug I 5 to bear against it. The plug
i 6 is slidingly mounted in a bore I6.II and a com
pression spring I'I is mounted in the bore I6.I
to bear lightly against the forward end of the
‘Figure 3 is a top View of another form of my 15 plug I6.
apparatus in which the handle is applied sepa
The plunger IE! is provided with a pin 22 which
rate from the actuating mechanism;
is slidingly mounted in a slot 1.2 formed in the
Figure 4 is a side elevation of Figure 3 but
handle ‘I and acts to limit the longitudinal travel
with the near side wheel omitted; and
of the plunger -I 0.
Figure 5_ is a sectional elevation of a modiñed
The outer ends of the pin 22 engage a ring 23
form` of my apparatus in which projectiles may
be utilized and fired from the gun barrel.
In the simplest form my apparatus comprises
slidingly mounted upon the outside of the handle
l. Additional rings 23.I and 23.2 extend around
the handle and are freely slidable longitudinally
a frame I which may be of wood, metal or other
thereon.
suitable material in the form of a yoke with hubs 25 A tension spring I9 is fitted in the bore 1.I and
2_2 formed‘integral therein in Iwhich an axle
its rear end is pivotally united to the plunger
shaft 5 is mounted. The axle shaft is revolvable
IIJ and its front end pivotally united to the handle
in the hubs 2 and may have rigidly secured to
'I by a pin 20 or other suitable means.
the outer ends thereof supporting wheels 4 and
In the operation of my device, as the wheels 4
5, each hub 2 being formed with a bore 3 in which
and 5 are rolled along the door, they rotate the
30
the axle shaft 6 may be rotatably secured.
shaft 6 which carries with it the retractor I5
Midway of the shaft 6 a retractor I5 is secured
and as it revolves, its ends successively Contact
which may be formed as a rectangular plate or
the `points or extensions I3 and retract the bar
as a single or double yoke of metal rod and se
l2, thus exerting tension on the spring I9 to draw
cured `in the axle shaft by a pressñt or` by 'set
it to its designed limit of extension, at which
35 point the yoke of the retractor I5 by its further
screws B_I or other suitable means.
‘
To the frame I a handle 'I' is secured by press
revolution releases the contacted point I3 and
ñt or other suitable means. The handle ‘l may
permits the Ispring I9 to forcibly and quickly re
be a hollow metal tube or barrel> or may be a
turn the plunger Iii to its normal position, car
wooden bar with a bore 'I.I formed therein ex
rying with it the pin 22 which carries the ring
tending'frcm the lower end of the handle for 40 23. The ring 23 then forcibly strikes the ring
any desired distance. In the bore of the barrel
23.I and impels the rings 23.I and 23.2 out
a rod or plunger IIJ is slidingly mounted and the
lower end of the plunger Il) is slotted to receive
the outer end end of a bar I2 which is secured
wardly upon the handle to a distance commen
surate with the force applied by the spring I 9.
If the handle 'I is held in an inclined or vertical
to the lower end of the plunger by a pivot pin I I, 45 position, the rings will then descend to their at
or other suitable means.
rest position ready to be actuated again by the
l The lower end of the bar i2 has points `I3-I3
next half revolution >of the retractor I5 and this
extending upwardly and downwardly therefrom,
operation will be repeated at rates depending
with the intermediate portion of the bar form
upon the 'speed with which the wheels 4 and 5
inga head spaced a short distance from the pe
riphery of the shaft 5, the points I3 being ar
ranged in a position to be contacted bythe re
50 are drawn along the floor or walk.
`
The frame I, shaft B, and wheels 4 and 5, are
made of suñicient weight and the wheels are given
tractor I5 as it revolves and carried‘therewith as
a peripheral surface such as rubber or other
it` revolves until the bar I2 reaches its rearmost
point of travel and comes in contact with the
frictional material which will cause them to con
tact the floor, carpet or walk, with suflicient pres
9,409,839
3
4
sure and friction to cause the wheels to revolve
and carry the shaft 6 against the force of the
spring mounted in the tube arranged to drive the
rod forwardly when it is released from the re
spring I9.
In Figures 3 and 4 alternative forms of this de
tractor, and means to rotate the shaft.
3. A mechanism comprising a pair of support
ing wheels, a shaft rigidly united to the support
ing wheels and carrying a frame in which the
shaft is revolvable, a retractor united to the shaft
and projecting laterally therefrom, a hollow -arm
>or rtube having one end secured to the frame and
vice are shown in which the mechanism above
described is arranged in connection with a gun
barrel 28 having a bead or stop ring 2l formed
at its front end 'which Will stop the rings 23.i
and 23.2 at a given point of its travel.
In Figures 3 and 4 the handle 'l is shown at
the other end extending outwardly therefrom, a
rod slidingly mounted for reciprocation in the
tached to the frame l by a sleeve 25 united to a
plate 24 and secured to the frame by screws or` ~
bolts 26. The outer end 0f the handle in this case
may be provided with a crossbar 25 for conven
ience in handling.
tube, a bar having one end pivotally united to
.the rod and its opposite end provided with a pro
jection or catch arranged to be engaged and
f drawn toward the shaft by the retractor as it
rotates with the shaft to a predetermined point
and then automatically released from the retrac
tor, a spring mounted in the tube and connected
to the tube and the rod to propel the rod out
-
The noise produced by the plunger when re
turning to its position and by Contact of the ring
23 with the ring 23.I, will make a sound> resem
bling to some extent the firing of a gun and the
forward movement of the rings 23A and 23.2 20 wardly when released from the retractor.v
along the barrel will imitate to some extent the
4. A. mechanism as described in claim 2, a longi
forward movement of a projectile and if painted
tudinal slot formed in the tube, and v,a pin
red or orange color, they will imitate _to some
mounted in the plunger extending outwardly
. extent the burst of flame accompanying the dis
through the slot and into an external ring slid
charge of a gun.
25 ingly mounted upon the tube.
When desired to simulate the action of a gun
5. A mechanism as described in claim 2,.a,lcngi- “
more closely, the bore "Ll may extend through the
tudinal slot formed in the tube, a pin mounted
entire length of the barre1 28. The plunger Ii)
in the plunger extending
slot and into an external
wardly therefrom entirely through the length of 30 upon the tube, and an
the spring lä‘and arranged to strike a' small ball
slidable upon the barrel
>may be formed with a rod HM extending for
or marble 33' as shown in vFigure 7.
.
and be actuated by the pinned ring.
In the wheeled form, with separate handle and
6. A mechanism as described in claim 2 an
gun barrel, the toy may be used as an imitation
of mobile artillery.
Various modifications may be made in the form
and arrangement of the -parts of my apparatus
without departing from the spirit of my invention
outwardly through the
ring slidingly mounted
additional ring' freely
in position to Contact
external ring slidingly mounted upon the tube,<
35 and means united to the plunger and said ex
ternal ring to hold them in fixed relative posi
tion to eachV other.
7. A toy as described in `claim l, the barrel
and the actuating mechanism may be applied to
being extended to form a handle.
Y
various other uses, and I do not limit my 'claims 40
3. A toy as described in claim 1-, and a handle
to the precise'forms nor to the particular uses
united to the frame opposite the barrel.`
f '
specified.
9. In a toy, the combination with a frame, of
I claim:
a shaft rotatably mounted therein, supporting
1. A toy comprising a frame, a shaft revolvably
wheels secured upon the shaft, a tubular handle
mounted on the frame, a pair of spaced support
having oneend united to the frame, a ring slid
ably mounted upon the handle near the frame,
ing wheels united to the shaft,v a retractor united
and coacting meansV carried by the handle and
to and- rotating with the shaft and having an arm
the shaft arranged to intermittentlyY impel the
' projecting radially therefrom, al hollow arm or
rings outwardly along the handle.
barrel having one end secured to the frame and
the other end extending outwardly therefrom, a 50
10. A toyl mobile Iartillery unit comprising a
plunger slidingly mounted in the arm or barrel, ‘ ‘
pair of supporting Vwheels united by a shaft ñxed
a bar having one end pivoted to one end of the
thereto and rotatable with the wheels, a frame
plunger and its opposite end provided with a
mounted upon the shaft,v a barrel having one end
projection or catch arranged to be engaged and
secured by the frame and extending outwardly
drawn backward by the rotating retractor to a 5,5 at a right angle to the shaft, ra plunger slidingly
predetermined point and then automatically lre
mounted in the barrel and spring-held in normal
forward-position, coasting ’means mounted upon
leased from the retractor, a spring mounted in
the shaft and the plunger arranged> to inter
the hollow arm or barrel arranged to exert ten
lmittently retract the plunger from its normal
sion forwardly upon the plunger and to drive it
forwardly when the bar is released from there 60 position and to release it at a given point.
‘11. A toy unit as described in claim‘lO, and
tractor, and means to rotate the shaft.
rings slidingly` mounted upon the barrel, contact
2. A mechanism comprising supporting wheels,
ing means united to the plunger arranged to
drivethe rings outwardly along the barrel when
with, a retractor united to the shaft and having
arms4 projecting radially therefrom in opposite 65 the plunger returns to normal position after each
a shaft united to the wheels and revolvable there
' directions, a frame carried by the shaft, a hollow '
arm or tube having one end secured‘to the frame
in the tube, a bar having one end Ypivotally united
automatically released from the retractor, a
Y
12., A toy comprising a frame, a shaft revolv
and the other end extending outwardly there
from,'a rod slidingly mountedfor reciprocation
to the rod and its opposite end provided with a
projection or catch arranged to _be engaged and
drawn rearwardly by the retractor as it rotates
with the shaft to a predetermined point and then
release.
79
ably mounted on the> frame, a pair of SI1-¿Ced
supporting wheels united to theshaft, a retractor
united` to and rotating with the shaft and having
an armV projecting,v radially therefrom, a hollow l
arm or barrel having one endsecured to _the
,15.
frame and the other end extending- outwardly
therefrom, a> plunger slidingly mounted in the
armorbarrel,V a bar having’ one en_d pivoted to
2,409,889
5
one end of the plunger and its opposite end pro
vided with opposed projections arranged to be
engaged and drawn backward by the rotating re
tractor to a predetermined point and then auto
matically released from the retractor, a spring
mounted in the hollow arm or barrel arranged to
exertl tension forwardly upon the plunger and to
drive it forwardly when the bar is released from
the retractor, and means to rotate the shaft.
13. A mechanism comprising supporting 10
6
tates with the shaft to a predetermined point
and then automatically released from the re
tractor, a spring mounted in the tube arranged to
drive the rod forwardly when it is released from
the retractor, and means to rotate the shaft. .
14. In a toy, the combination with a hollow bar,
of a plunger slidingly mounted within the hol
low bar, a rod united to the plunger and extend
ing rearwardly therefrom, a retractor revolvably
mounted at a given space from the rear end of
the bar, means to support the bar and the re
tractor in fixed relative position, means united
to therear end of the rod arranged to be engaged
by the retractor as it is revolved to draw the rod
a hollow arm or tube having one end secured to 15 and plunger rearwardly for a predetermined dis
tance and then to release the rod, resilient means
the frame and the other end extending outwardly
united to the plunger and the bar to drive the
therefrom, a rod slídingly mounted for recipro
plunger forward when the rod is released from
cation in the tube, a bar having one end pivotally
the retractor and means to revolve the retractor.
unitedto the rod and its opposite end provided
wheels, a shaft united to the wheels and revolv
able therewith, a retractor united to the shaft
and having arms projecting radially therefrom in
opposite directions, a frame carried by the shaft,
with opposed projections arranged to be engaged
and drawn rearwardly by the retractor as it ro
HARRY J. CRINER.
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