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0d. 22, 1946.
Filed Jan. 24, 1945
I."I7V/ .4/
£05527" 7'. BIKER.
BY J'oSEP/l h’. M04117
Patented Oct. 22, 1946
Robert T. Biker and J oseph‘H. Mola‘t,
Brooklyn, N. Y.
Application January 24, 19515,-Serial No. 574,304
6 Claims. (01. 294-20)
‘Our ‘invention is directed toward a novel and
ployed in ?uorescent lighting ?xtures. It ‘is fur
improved appliance for servicing fluorescent light
ing ?xtures, and has for one of its objects to pro
ther noted that the said .jaw members l4 and i5
extend‘ longitudinally in a ‘horizontal direction
vide an appliance of the character described
parallel to the‘ axis of the said tube T and that
which sha‘ll’be so constructed and arranged that
they ‘project for a. predetermined distance beyond
defective elongated glass tubes of the type cus
said arms ‘l0 and fl in both directions. It is
tomarily employed in ?uorescent lighting ?xtures
note'dthat‘the length of the jaw members l4 and
and which ?xtures are hung from the ceiling or
I5 ‘maybe varied‘ in accordance with the length
disposed at other points beyond reach may be
of the tube. ‘The ‘said jaw members i4 and I5
readily removed and replaced by an operator 10 are provided on the inner surfaces thereof with
from the floor Without the necessity of using lad
layers‘20 of material‘which is preferably of the
ders and Without the necessity of removing the
type which is relatively soft sees not to injure
the glass ‘tube when the jaws l4 and f5 grip the
Another object of our ‘invention is to provide
same and they'are'addition‘ally of the type‘ which
a‘n‘ov‘el and highly improved appliance for servic
will frictionally hold the said glass tube T so
ing‘?uorescent'lighting ?xtures'by means of which
that it ‘may be'rotated axially for the purposes of
the elongated glass tubes which comprise such
removing and replacing the same.
?xtures may be removed and replaced without
‘It ‘is. thus seen from the above described con
damage to the?xture or the tube and which at the
struction "that when it is desired to remove aiglass
same time shall be provided with means for readily
tube T from a fluorescent?xture for the purpose
of replacing the same or for other reasons, it is
removing and ‘replacing defective starters.
Further objects and advantages of our inven
tion will become apparent from the description
or will hereinafter be‘po'int‘ed out.
‘In the accompanying drav‘iing,
Fig. 1 is aside elevational view, partly sectional,
of ‘a ?uorescent lighting J?xture servicing appli
merely necessary‘to'pass‘thejaws ‘l4 and f5 freely
on ‘diametrically ‘opposite sides of the said tube
and then cause the said jaws to be ‘brought to
"getherfto‘v grip'the said tube therebetween and then
‘by slightly" turning the gripped ‘tube axially, ‘it
may ‘be ‘freed and ‘removed from its supporting
In‘a'ccorda'nce with our invention the following
‘Fig.2 ‘is ‘a front elevational view of the upper v30 means may ‘be ‘employed'for causing the said jaws
portion ‘thereof ;
T4" and ‘I15 'to be moved toward each other against
ance constructedandarranged'in accordance with
Fig. 3 is an ‘enlarged view of a portion "of the
the normal action of ‘the spring arms H1 and H.
Fixed to the arm [0 ‘is a bracket 25 to which
Fig. 4' is an enlarged detail view ‘of a “portion
there is ,pivotally attached one end of a rod mem
adjacent the‘b‘ott‘om end of the appliance shown 09 Li~ berf26, by means‘of the pivot 2'1. The free end
in Fig. 1 and illustrating its function and purpose.
2612. of. ‘the rod "26 is screw ‘threaded and passes
Referring now in detail to ‘the drawing we‘have
freely-through and projects beyond a slotted open
shown ‘an appliance ‘for servicing ?uorescent ‘?x
ing .21; in the arm '11. Fixed to the ‘base member
tures constructed and arranged‘ in, accordance
i2 is a rigid‘supporting arm 31, having an integral
with our invention‘ and ‘comprising a pair‘of sub
upstanding portion ‘31a. Attached to, the said
appliance shown in Fig. 1‘; and
stantially vertically disposed ‘arms t0 and ‘H of
resilient or spring material ‘and which ‘may be
attached ‘at their lowerends to ‘a suitable base
portion ‘ the rivets 34, is a‘ leaf spring .33,‘ so
curved as to have one end 33!; thereof freely con
tactively engaging ‘the arm ‘H below said ‘rod 26,
andthe. ‘opposite end ‘33b thereof freely contac
support “1 2 by“any‘desirableatta‘ching'means, such
‘as "by the screws 16‘. The said arms t0 and ‘Il
are ‘preferably arrangedieso‘ that they normally
spread» apart, tapering in an upward direction.
tively‘enga'ging the arm ‘H ‘at apoint adjacentithe
‘At-the upp'er‘ends-of'thearms I10 and iii there are
pivotally mountedati its‘lower end, by means of
jaw t5. Disposed near s‘aid'p‘ortion 3|‘a and nor
mally parallel ‘thereto is a rigid member ‘29
?xedly vattac‘hei:l,*in any well known imanner,
a pivot't‘?, on the‘supporting arm 3i.
jaw members 13. and I25 respectively. It is 50 ‘The‘spring '33, the ‘rigid portion 31a and the
noted ‘that the said ‘jaw members 14 and P5
rigid member 29 are each provided with slotted
are arcuate in shape and are normally spaced
openings 35,31 and‘728', respectively, ‘to permit free
apart a» sufficient-distance to freely embrace di
ametrically‘xoppo‘s'ite‘sides of an elongated glass
tube T of the standard type customarily em
angularamovemen‘t of‘the rod'261projec'ting there
‘ iItEi'ss'een from the above description that when
the best embodiments thereof, but we desire to
have it understood that the structure shown is
only illustrative and that the invention can be
cause the arm In to move toward the arm I l due
carried out by other means. Also, while it is
to the fact that the rod 26 is provided with an
abutment nut 32. The rigid portion Sid and (.1 designed to use the various features and elements
in the combination and relations described, some
the spring 33 interposed between the said arm
of those may be altered and others omitted with
portion 31a and the arm vll causes the simultane
out interfering with the more general results out
ous movement of the arm I l toward the arm I0.
lined, and the invention extends to such use.
It is noted that the free slidable end 33b of the
Having described our invention, what we claim
spring 33 is disposed near the jaw l5 so as to
the rigid member 29 is pivotally moved in a clock
wise direction as viewed from Fig. 1 and 3, it will
as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
exert its pressure in the area of the said jaw l5. '
1. A ?uorescent lighting ?xture servicing im
In order to be able to effectively use the appli
plementcomprising a ?rst spring arm and a sec
ond spring arm constituting a pair of substan
ance of our invention from the floor without hav
ing to employ step ladders or chairs or stools, we
mount the base support I2 for the arms I70 and
II, on a suitable hub member 36 to which there
is attached a long rod 40 of any desired suit
tially vertically disposed spring arms normally
spaced apart, a relatively long handle, a support
for said arms disposed at one end of said handle
so that the upper ends thereof will be free, an
arcuate jaw member ?xed to said free end of each
able length for the convenience and-e?iciency.
To pivotally move the rigid member 29 as above
described in a clockwise direction to close the
jaws I4 and I5 we provide the rod 40 with a pair
spring arm, said jaw members being in opposed
relationship and adapted to clamp and hold be
tween them the elongated glass tube of said fluo
rescent lighting ?xture when said spring arms are
urged towards each other, and means for causing
said spring arms to move toward each other, said
last named means comprising a substantially hori
zontally disposed rod member having one end
of spaced ?xed bracket members 42 and 43
through which we slidably pass another rod 50,
the upper end 50a ‘of which is outwardly angu
larly bent, as shown. The said end portion 500.
of the rod is pivotally attached to an outwardly
angularly bent and forked portion 60 of the rigid
member 29 by means of the pivot 55. Any‘suit
able handle may be provided at the lower end
thereof pivotally mounted on said ?rst arm and
the opposite end passing freely through an open-
of the rod 50. For convenience we have shown a 30 ing in said second arm, an abutment on said rod
member, adjacent the free end thereof, an ex
lever 51 pivoted at one end to the rod 40 by the
tending bracket portion on said support, a sub;
‘pivot 58. The lever 51 is provided with a slotted
stantially vertically disposed rigid member piv-_
opening 59 and the rod 50 is attached to the lever
51 by means of a pivot 6| operating in the slot 59.
It is thus seen from the above description that
when it is desired to close the jaws l4 and I5 it
is’ merely necessary to grasp the lever 51 and turn
otally mounted at the lower end thereof on said
bracket and having an opening adjacent the upper
free end thereof through which said horizontal
rod member freely passes, said upper free end of
said rigid member being disposed between said
the same in a clockwise direction to its dotted
second arm and said abutment, so that pivotal’
movement of said rigid member in a direction
line position 51'. ‘This will slidably pull the rod
50 downwardly to pivotally move the arm 29 to
close the jaws l4 and 15.
f .A set screw 88 carried by one of the brackets
43 may be employed to lock the rod 50 in any
desired position.
‘ toward said abutment will cause the resilient
It is often necessary, when servicing ?uorescent
lighting ?xtures, to remove and replace defective
movement of said ?rst arm toward said second
2. A fluorescent lighting ?xture implement ac
cording to claim 1 in which the said jaw mem
bers are provided with a layer of felt or the like
starters. To this end, we have incorporated, in
our appliance, the following means whereby to
readily remove these defective starters without
using step ladders, chairs or stools and at the
same time that defective tubes are being replaced.
Attached to the bottom end of the rod 40 is a
cylindrical member 10 which is preferably made
resilient material to prevent injury to the said
glass tube during the clamping action.
of rubber or the like resilient material and which
4. A ?uorescent lighting ?xture implement ac
cording to claim 1 in which the said jaw members
extend longitudinally for a relatively long dis
tance along said tube.
3. A fluorescent lighting ?xture implement ac
cording to claim 1 in which the said jaw members
are so disposed that the axes of said jaw members
are substantially parallel to each other and to
the axis of said glass tube.
is provided with an opening ‘H substantially simi
lar in size and contour to that of the standard
type starter S, shown in Fig. 4 of the drawing.
5. A ?uorescent lighting ?xture servicing ‘im
The said opening ‘H is designed to frictionally
‘ plement according to claim 1 in which the said
receive therein and‘grip the starter S so that
it may be manipulated to pry it loose from its (30 jaw members are substantially horizontally dis
posed and in which each of said jaw members
socket or holder. \ The vsaid member 10 may be
extend for a'substantial distance on opposite sides
attached to said rod '40 inany suitable manner,
of the spring arm to which it is attached.
such as by the screws 13 shown in Fig. 4.‘
6. A fluorescent lighting ?xture implement ac
While we have shown, in the drawing, the jaws
I4 and I5 as consisting of a single unit, we may,
cording to claim 1 in which the said bracket is
if desired, construct each jaw of two parts spaced
provided with a vertically disposed rigid exten
from each other along the length of the glass
sion disposed between said rigid member and
tube T. Such construction might prove more effi
said second arm, an opening in said rigid exten
cient in cases where the said tubes T are of rela
sion through which said horizontally disposed rod
tively greater length by affording a greater grip
member freely passes, and a spring interposed be
tween said second arm and said rigid extension.
ping area.
In accordance with the provisions of the patent
statutes, we have herein described the principle
and operation of our invention, together with
apparatus which wenow consider, to represent 75
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