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Oct.‘ 29, 1946.
G. A. LYON
2,410,174
WHEEL STRUCTURE
Filed June 2, 1943
2 Sheets-Sheet l
25.
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Get. 29, 1946.
I
G. A. LYON
2,410,174 -'
WHEEL‘ STRUCTURE
Filed June 2, 1943
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
62-020: ?zeser Lrow.
Patented Oct. 29,1946
2,410,174
UNITED STATES PATENT oI~"1=Tc~1.=:~v
Application June 2, 1943, Serial No. 489,312
5 Claims.
(Cl. 301-37)
1
2
This invention is directed to an improved wheel
assembly and relates more particularly to a novel
cover assembly therefor.
It is an important object of the invention to
provide an improved cover assembly and re
of the cover member will cause like de?ection of
.
taining structure therefor, whereby the cover
assembly is e?‘iciently secured over the outer
the retaining means and whereby the, latter .acts
to force the locally distorted cover member‘ back
into normal con?guration after the distorting
pressure has been released. In the present ,in--v
stance, this novel retaining means includescir-I
cumferentially spaced resilient'?ngers formed on
side of the wheel to conceal the same.
an annular retaining member, the resilient fingers
-
Still another object ofthe invention is to pro
vide an improved retaining means which may be
being adapted to be ?exed by distortion'of the
cover member at the portion associatedwith the
e?iciently utilized for retaining a cover member
over. the outer side of a wheel-structure and from
?ngers, the ?ngers then forcing the cover , back
which the cover member may be readily and easily
sures have been removed.
into normal con?guration after distortion‘pres
_
-
g
- A;
Other objects and ‘advantages of the invention
retaining means proper.
~ 7
15 will become apparent from the following» de-,
scription and accompanying drawings in which:;
Another object of the invention is to provide
detached without requiring manipulation oft-the
Figure l is a fragmentary side elevational view
of a wheel construction embodying one form of
for a wheel structure an improved cover assem
bly and improved retaining means for maintain
ing the same upon ‘a wheel structure, the cover
the invention, parts being broken away forillus
assembly including an outer annular part which 20
may be constructed from sheet material having
resiliently, locally ?exible characteristics such as
that of a synthetic plastic or the like, the annular
cover portion preferably having a cross-sectional
trative purposes;
,
-
v
I»
‘
y
Figure 2 is an enlarged fragmentary cross
sectionaliview of a wheel structure embodying
the form of invention shown in Figure 1;’ .
Figure 3 is an enlarged fragmentary: cross
con?guration of such shape and magnitude that 25 sectional ‘View of a wheel structure embodying a
further form of ‘my invention; and,
I, I r
t
it extends radially outwardly over the outer side
Figure 4 is an enlarged _-fragmentaryrcross-‘
of the tire rim of a wheel structure with which
sectional view of a wheelstructure embodying
it is associated to conceal the same and to con
still another form of the invention." _ :1 I': ; ‘i
stitute, in eliect, a continuation of the side wall
It will be understood that the ‘embodiments
of a tire in-the tire rim‘ to give the appearance 30
shown herein are for illustrative purposes and
of being a part thereof and to give the appear-@
may be changed or modi?ed withoutdeparting
from the spirit and scope of the inventionas‘setv
upon a wheel structure of minimum dimensions,
forth in the appended claims.
'
g '_ l .
when colored white.
As shown in Figure 2, there is provided herein
Still another object of the invention is to pro 35
a wheel structure including a tire rim [0, having
vide for a self sustaining, form retaining, locally,
a base ?ange l I attached to a central load bearing»
resiliently, ?exible cover member, novel retaining
portion or spider I2 as by riveting or .welding,
means which provides for resilient mounting of
or the like, through a peripheral ?ange. [2a. on
the cover, whereby local distortion or indentation
the load bearing portion, this ?ange being pro->
of the cover at the point of attachment will be
vided with circumferentially spaced radially in
accommodated by resilient reaction of the retain
wardly depressed portions providing circumfere
ing means and whereby theretaining means will
entially spaced apertures l2b in the WhEGISllTllC-T
serve as an instrumentality for forcing thecover
member, so locally distorted; back into. its normal ' ture. The, central load bearing portion I2 is fur-v
. ance of a white side wall of a massive tire mounted ,
con?guration upon release of the distorting pres
sure.
‘
-
45 ther provided with a bolt-on ?ange l3, while the‘
'
In accordance with the general features of they
invention there'is provided herein, for a wheel‘
structure, a cover assembly including a cover part .
having locally, resiliently ?exible characteristics,‘
and novel , retaining , means including ‘resilient
members for retainingly engagingan edge of the '
tire rim is provided 'with'opposite .side ?anges
M, opposite intermediate ‘?anges l5 and opposite
edge portions I6, between which is'disposed Ia"
<~ suitable pneumatic tire I‘l/havingan‘inner'tube'
i8.
1
As shown in Figure 1, the cover assembly con-_
structed in accordance with my invention includes
an outer annular part l9 and- acentraI' circu-'
cover, said retaining means being resilient at the
.pointy of attachment with the cover .member,
: lar hub cap simulatingv partv 2|],"the latter haw‘v
whereby local distortion of the attached portion 55 111% a substantially axially inwardly extending
2,410,174
3
4
corrugated skirt 2| terminating in a curled or
beaded edge 22 arranged to envelop the inner
extremity of the bead at the junction of the cover
parts I9 and 20. Therefore, when the cover as
sembly, and the bead 22 thereof, is urged ax
peripheral marginal part of the cover portion ill
ially inwardly relative to the retaining member
to afford a unitary cover assembly.
As will be seen from Figure 2 the junction be
tween the cover parts l9 and 20 is arranged to
the ?ngers 21 are urged radially outwardly, re
siliently, until the bead 22 has passed the junc
tion between‘ the ?ngers 27 and the terminals
provide a substantially axially inwardly extend
ing rib 22 which may be utilized for retaining the
28 thereof, whereupon the ?ngers spring radial1y inwardly to provide the aforementioned at
cover assembly upon the wheel structure in a
manner to bepresently described.
10
tached relationship.
tic or the like, whereby it possesses resiliently, 1-4 U
elastically, locally ?exible characteristics so that
it may be locally de?ected away from the tire
In assembling the construction above described
and shown in Figure 2, it is merely necessary
to dispose the retaining member concentrically
over the outer side of the wheel structure and
to press the same axially inwardly until the inter
mediate portion 24 thereof rests in nested rela
tionship with the tire rim as shown. Upon such
rim to render the rear side thereof accessible
for purposes of removal of the cover or to per
?ngers 25 have been distorted radially inwardly
The cover members 19 and 29 are formed from
a sheet material having a degree of inherent re~
siliency, the cover portion I9 preferably being
formed from a material such as a synthetic plas
movement it will be seen that the ends 26 of the
mit for servicing of the tire valve, wheel balanc 20 resiliently to pass over the axially outermost ex
ing weights or other appurtenances normally
trernity of the edge portion E6 of the tire rim and
housed therebehind.
further have sprung resiliently, radially outward
Furthermore, the cover member I!) is provided
1y, into nested, retaining engagement with the
with a cross-sectional con?guration of such shape
radially inwardly turned lip of the edge portion
and magnitude that it extends over the outer 25 to afford the desired attached relationship.
side of the tire rim to conceal the same and
Thereafter the assembled cover structure includ
radially outwardly to or beyond the edge portion
ing the parts [9 and 20, and the axially inward
thereof with a gradual curvature similar to that
ly extending rib formed at the junctionv thereof,
of the side wall of the tire I‘! whereby it con
may be pressed axially inwardly in concentric
stitutes, in e?ect, a continuation of the side wall 30 relationship with the wheel structure and the
of the’tire to give the appearance of being a
retaining means whereupon engagement between
part thereof and to give the appearance of being
the rib 22 and the ends’ 23 of the ?ngers 2'! is
a white side wall of a massive tire mounted upon
obtained. When the structure is so assembled
a central load bearing Wheel portion of minimum
it will be seen that the ends 28 of the radially
dimensions, when colored white. If desired the 35 inwardly extending ?ngers 21 are spaced from
radially ‘outer edge of the cover member [9 may
the adjacent side ?ange l4 and thus, since the
be turned back to provide a circular curled por
?ngers are resilient, there is provided a ?oating
tion for enhancing the appearance of the edge
attachment for the cover assembly. With such
of the cover assembly.
To the end that the cover assembly above de
scribed may be securely retained in detachable
a construction the cover assembly is maintained
in concentricity with the wheel structure ?rst
by virtue of the engagement between the cover
engagement with the wheel structure there is pro
vided herein a novel retaining element which in
cludes an annulus having a cross-sectionally in~
part 20 and the central load bearing portion [2,
termediate portion 24, cross-sectionally con?g
trically disposed retaining member.
urated to inter?t with the curved junction be
tween the edge portion. [6 and the intermediate
flange l5 of the tire rim Ill. \
'
The retaining member is further provided with
circumferentially spaced groups of radially out- "
wardly extending resilient ?ngers 25 having ra
dially inwardly curled ends 26 which are ar
as shown at 29, and second by virtue of the
concentric engagement thereof with the concen
In the construction shown in Figure 3, the cover
structure comprises an annular member 30 which
is provided with a shape generally similar to that
described in connection with the construction of
the member IQ of Figure 2 except‘ that the mem
ber 38 extends radially outwardly beyond the
junction between the edge portion it of the tire
ranged to ?t resiliently within the radially inner
surface of the axially extending lip of the edge
rim ill and the side wall of the tire ii to conceal
said junction and to augment the. appearance
portion l6 of the tire rim It and when in this 55 thereof as a part of the side wall of the tire. Fur
position it will be seen that the retaining member
thermore, the cover 3!} is ?ared outwardly as at
is securely maintained in attached relationship
30a to present to the side wall of the tire it a
with the Wheel structure.
smooth non-abrading, non-cutting surface there
There is also provided on the intermediate por~
by to protect the tire during rotation thereof
tion 24 of the retaining member, substantially 60 under load bearing conditions. In this construc
radially inwardly extending resilient ?ngers 2i
tion also the cover member is preferably formed
terminating in obliquely disposed, radially out
wardly, axially inwardly extending terminal por
tions 28, the latter portions being arranged to
resiliently engage against the rib formed at the
junction of the cover members 19' and 28 when
the latter is urged: axially inwardly relative there
to, thereby‘ to retainingly secure the cover as
sembly to the retaining means and thus to the’
wheel structure. It will be understood that this 70
retaining engagement between the ?ngers 2'? and the cover assembly is, obtained by virtue of the
fact that the circle described by the junctions
of the ?ngers 27 and’ the terminals 28 thereof is
smaller than that described by the radially outer 75
from a material such as synthetic plastic or rub
ber, either natural or synthetic, having locally, re,
siliently, elastically flexible characteristics where-v
by the cover may be ?exed outwardly
the wheel structure to render the rear
of accessible and to accommodate the
pansion of the side wall of the tire it
away from
side there;
lateral ex
under load
bearing conditions by breathing therewith. The
cover member 3E3 of the construction shown in
Figure 3 is further provided at the inner periph
eral margin thereof with a rolled bead. 3i which
is available as a retaining element as will, be. de
scribed presently.
,
In the construction of Figure 3 the retaining
2,410,174
5
means shown is generally similar to that described
in connection with‘Figure 2 except that the radi
ally outwardly extending ?ngers 32 thereof are
struck from a body portion 33 and are provided
with sharp ends-whereby they are available to
provide a biting engagement with ‘the radially
6
This part, because ‘of the foregoing character-'
istics, may be distorted by axial inward pressure
imposed thereon at the part engaged by the radi
ally inwardly extending elements of the retaining
'member. These elements however, being spaced
from the adjacent portion of the outer surface
of the wheel structure and being resilient, will
inner surface of the intermediate ?ange l5 when
?ex upon the impression of such‘ distorting pres
the retaining member is urged axially inwardly
sure and, when the distorting pressure is re
relative to the wheel structure a distance suffi
cient to bring the radially outer ‘marginal por 10 moved, will serve to force the locally distorted
part of the cover axially outwardly into its nor
tion 34 of the retaining member into face to face
mal con?guration. Thus the retaining member
engagement with the radially innermost portion
not only serves as a backing medium for the rel
of the edge portion l6 of tire rim. In the retain
ing member shown in Figure 3 the radially inner
atively weak cover but also serves to ?ex the
peripheral part thereof is formed to provide radii 15 cover into normal con?guration after it has been
ally inwardly extending, resilient ?ngers 35 ter
distorted.
'
minating in obliquely disposed radially outwardly,
What I claim is:
axially inwardly, extending portions 36 which
1. In a wheel structure having a tire rim
portion and a central load bearing portion, said.
function in a manner similar to that explained in
connection with the ends 28 of ?ngers 21 in the 20 tire rim portion having a generally axially out
construction of Figure 2. In the present instance
wardly protruding intermediate portion, a cover
the bead 3| of the cover 30 is retainingly engaged
assembly including a self-sustaining resilient
by the end portions 36 of the ?ngers 35.
readily ?exible part adapted for sharp localized
In the construction shown in Figure 4 the cover
?exing without permanent deformation and ar
assembly, including cover parts 31 and 38, is gen 25 ranged to be ?exed away from the wheel struc
erally similar to that shOWn in Figure 2 and de
ture when associated therewith to allow access
scribed previously in conjunction therewith ex
to the outer side of the wheel and permit removal
cept that the central circular part 38 is not pro
of said cover part, and a retaining member to
vided with the corrugations 2| of the construction
secure the cover on the outer side of the wheel
shown in Figure 2. Thus, [the ribbed junction 39 30 structure including an annular part having a
between the cover parts 31 and 3B is likewise uti
plurality of sets of resilient ?ngers extending
lized as the retaining instrumentality on the cover
therefrom in substantially opposite radial direc
assembly.
tions, one of said sets of ?ngers resiliently re
In the construction of Figure 4 the annular re
tainingly receiving a portion of the cover and
taining means comprises an annular intermedi 35 another of said sets resiliently engaging the
ate portion 40 which has a part 4| bent back upon
wheel structure to secure the retaining means
itself and terminating in obliquely disposed, radi
thereto, a portion of the retaining member inter
_ ally outwardly, axially outwardly, extending sharp
mediate said sets of ?ngers engaging said pro
ended ?ngers 42 which are arranged to bitingly
truding portion of the tire rim.
engage the radially inner surface of the adjacent
2. In a wheel structure including a tire rim
intermediate flange I5 in the manner described in
and a central load bearing portion, said rim
conjunction with the construction of Figure 3.
having cross-sectionally curvate portions at the
The intermediate annular portion 40 of the re
outer surface thereof, a cover assembly for dis
position over the outer side of the wheel struc
taining means is further provided at the radially
inner edge thereof with resilient cover engaging
?ngers 43 which terminate in ends 44 which are
' ture including a self-sustaining resilient readily
constructed, and which function in a manner
to allow access to the outer side of the wheel
?exible part adapted for sharp localized ?exing
similar to ends 28 and 33 previously described
and permit removal of the cover when secured
in conjunction with the constructions of Figures
on the wheel, and retaining means for securing
50 the cover assembly thereto, said retaining means
2 and 3.
In assembling the construction of Figure 4 the
including a portion cross-sectionally shaped to
retaining member is disposed concentrically rela
conform to the con?guration of the cross-sec
tive to the wheel structure and urged axially in
tionally curvate portion of the rim and resilient
wardly thereof a su?icient distance whereby the
means urging said shaped retaining means por
axially inner extremity of the intermediate part 55 tion against said curvate portion for resilient
40 abuts the outer surface of the adjacent side
wedging engagement of said retaining means on
?ange l4 in which position the ends of ?ngers
the wheel, and said retaining means also in
I ~ 42 have been sprung radially inwardly to provide
cluding resilient means spaced from the wheel
biting engagement with the radially inner surface
structure for retaining engagement with the
of the adjacent intermediate ?ange I5. There
cover.
after the cover assembly is urged axially inwardly
3. In a wheel structure having a tire rim por
relative to the wheel structure until the axially
tion and a central load bearing portion, a cover
inwardly extending rib 39 thereof passes beyond
assembly for disposition over the outer side of
the junction of the resilient ?ngers 43 and the
the Wheel structure including a resilient readily
ends 44 thereof, whereupon the ?ngers spring
?exible self-sustaining part adapted for sharp
radially inwardly to afford the retained engage
localized ?exing without permanent deformation
ment shown in the drawings.
and arranged for ?exing away from the wheel
Another important aspect of the present in
structure when secured thereon to allow access
vention is the protection afforded by the retain,
to the outer side of the wheel and permit removal
ing member for the outer portion of the cover
of said part, means for retaining the cover as
assembly which, as previously explained, is pref
sembly over the wheel structure including an
erably formed from synthetic plastic, or the‘ like,
annular part shaped to conform to the con?g
and is thus relatively weaker than metal or the
uration of the adjacent portion of the outer sur
like. This protection is desirable because of the
face of the rim portion and substantially radi
locally ?exible character of the outer cover part. 75 ally outwardly extending resilient ?ngers engag
2,410,174.
8
7
ing the rim portion and resiliently urging said
5. In a cover structure for a wheel including
shaped. .part against said adjacent rim‘portion
?anged rim and body parts, certain of the flanges
to secure said ‘retaining means on the rim por
of the rim providing an intermediate generally
tion, and also including substantially radially
inwardly extending resilient ?ngers for retain
axially outwardly protruding annular portion, a
cover comprising an annulus for substantially
concealing the outer side of the rim, and means
for securing the cover in place comprising an
ingly engaging a portion of the cover assembly.
4. In a cover structure for a wheel including
annular retainer having substantially aligned op‘
positely extending resilient portions respectively
?anged rim and body parts, certain of the ?anges
of the rim providing an intermediate generally
axially outwardly protruding annular portion, a 10 engaging the tire rim and the cover, and a por
cover comprising an annulus for substantially
concealing the outer side of the rim, and means
tion intermediate said resilient portions engag
ing said protruding annular portion of the rim,
for securing the cover in place comprising an
said intermediate portion‘ of the retaining an
nulus being angularly related‘ to said resilient
annular retainer having substantially aligned op
positely' extending resilient portions respectively
engaging the tire rim and the cover, and a por
tion intermediate said resilient portions in sur
face engagement with said protruding annular
portion of the rim.
15
portions and engagingv said protruding portion
of the rim in face-to-face relation.
GEORGE ALBERT LYONQ
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