Oct. 29, .1946. c. F. PEASE " 2,410,231 VENDING MACHINE Filed May 24, 1943 29.6’. 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 I PE»? L za’ , INVENTOR. C?arzesjjzéas e BY ' Oct. 29, 1946'. C. F. PEASE 2,410,231 - VENDING MACHINE Filed May 24‘, . 194s ' 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 JT . Z29‘ 4-: 15,30 JZ 11 14? r ?arzesjgyease ENTOR. 82% Oct. 29, 1946. 'c_ F, 'PEASE 2,410,231 VENDING MACHINE Filed May ,24, 1945 3 Sheets-@Sheet 3‘ 111 +41 . ' 10. m £3 / 4” INVENTOR. J (260178527276625 e ,1 BY ' I V 10 W? e3. Patented Oct. 29, 1946 2,410,231 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,410,231 VENDING MACHINE Charles F. Pease, Long Beach, Calif. Application ‘May 24, 1943, Serial No. 488,131 5 Claims. (Cl. 312-146) . , 2 1 My invention relates to improvements in vend ing machines and more particularly to the inter changeable assemblage of‘ dispensing units in a . mechanism; Fig. 3 is a section of a detail taken on the line 3—3 of Fig. 2; Fig. 4 is a cross sec tion of a detail taken on the line 4._4 of Fig. 3; Fig. 5 is a front elevation, on an enlarged scale of a detail showing a portion of one of the dis cabinet, whereby'magazines for holding differ ent articles or packages to be dispensed can be easily and quickly arranged from time totime pensing units mounted in the cabinet and'the actuating means therefor; Fig. 6 is aplan of one of the clasps by which each dispensing unit is removably held in operating position, in the as desired in the cabinet in juxtaposition to suit able controlled operating means sothat any one of the units can be operated as-desired to dis~ pense its contents. I The present application provides improved 10 cabinet; Fig. 7 is an edgeviewv of the structure means for easily and quickly changing dispensing . units of various types as are illustrated in my companion applications, Serial No. 370,272, ?led Dec. 16, 1940; Serial No. 46%,452, ?led Nov. 4, 1942; Serial No. 4643838, ?led Nov. '7, 1942, and Serial No. 465,775, ?led Nov. 16, 1942, and as dis closed in U. S. Letters Patent‘ No. 2,309,008, shown inv Fig. 6; Fig. 8 is an end view of the structure shown in Fig. 7; Fig. 9 is a section of a detail taken on the line 9-9 of Fig. Sand-Fig. 10 is an elevation looking at the back of one typical form of dispensing unit with which my invention is adapted for use. In the drawings, A is a cabinet which may be of any suitable construction, that shown‘ being made out of thin sheet metal or other suitable granted Jan. 19, 1943, or other types wherein a plurality of dispensing units can be readily as 20 material, shaped into a container having a ver sembled. in any interchangeable position in a tical front section hinged to a back section, which cabinet or its equivalent, each unit having a sections when closed forming an enclosing shell. suitable actuating elementv which can be made The front section has a vertical oblong opening to readily interconnect with hand controlled op H3, in which a vertical series of dispensing units erating means also contained in the cabinet. The B are retained. The margin of the opening Hli's various types of vending machine ,units with reinforced by the band H (see Fig. 4), whichis which my invention is applicable may be em— ployed to dispense various articles such as gum, T shaped in cross section, the arm l2 of the T presenting a trim or ?nished edge portion around post cards, single articles of various kinds and the opening, and the web l3 providing a broad packages containing various articles, the inven 30 band against which the face plates Id of the dis tion permitting the various types to be readily pensing unitsB are seated. assembled or interchanged in position. whenever The dispensing units B may be of any type de and as desired. As a result. a cabinet containing my improved interchangeable means permits a. of readily dispensing a single or a plurality of se lected articles either with or Without the use of suitable coin control apparatus. sired, several different types being disclosed in my companion applications and the patent above 35 identi?ed. Each of these units has a rectangular face‘ plate M of the particular type which is .. adapted for the use to which the unit is appli— cable, for instance, the upper two units as shown vide simple and inexpensive means in a cabinet in Fig. 1 are adapted for dispensing packages of by which dispensing units canbe assembleclor 40 gum as disclosed in‘ the patent referred to above The primary object of theinvention'is to pro interchanged so that a single or any desired and the units below are adapted for dispensing number ofkinds of articles or packages contain articles or packages of peanuts, life savers, candy ing the articles or, both can be dispensed, by-the bars, post cards, etc. ' ' use of suitable actuating means,. operating either The front side 15 of the cabinet'has its mar directly or in conjunction with any suitable coin 45 ginal portion surrounding the opening I0 and controlled means. . ' In the accompanying drawings, forming. part of this speci?cation, Fig. 1. is a front elevation band l2 struck inwardly, corresponding with the web l3 of the band and laterally away from said opening to form a reinforcing ?ange l6, which . of a cabinet, showing a plurality of article dis- issecured at each side of the opening to a verti pensing units assembled therein in accordance 50 cally disposed supporting rail I‘! by riveting l8 with my. inventiomj Fig. 2 is a rear elevation or other suitable means. Each supporting rail looking atjthe inner front side, of,‘ a portion of H is bent forwardly to provide feet l9at its ex the, cabinet and showing the dispensingv unitsvin conjunction- with actuating’ means,’ which latter treme upper andlower ends resting against the inner .face of the front side l5. of the cabinet, is ‘shown in correlation. with, coin controlled 65 which maintain. the rail inoutstanding position, 2,410,231 4 3 thus providing a vertical channel 20 substantially the entire length at each side of the dispensing unit receiving opening 10. The face plate of suitable design for each dis pensing unit B has a pair of vertical angular re inforcing ?anges 2| which seat in the angular ti?ed, to which reference is made for a detailed description. The various actuating devices D are also con trolled by any suitable coin control mechanism such as indicated by E (Fig. 2) , the specific con , struction of which may resemble that disclosed in my companion application Serial No. 465,775. side margin provided by the marginal band i2, This coin control is permanently or removahly whereby the face plate I4 is retained forwardly mounted in the cabinet and is operatively con in the opening l0. Each of said flanges 25 is provided with a laterally extending vertical 10 nected with the various actuating devices D, through the series of coin controlled reciprocable holding wing plate 22 which rests against the operating rods 36 by the respective link connec back of the supporting rail l1 and the flange l5 tions 37, one operating rod being employed for thereon, when the face plate of the dispensing unit is inserted in place in the opening Iii. In each actuating device and its associated dis this position the wings are held by the manually 15 pensing unit. In Fig. 10, I have illustrated by a rear eleva operable clasps C as will be hereinafter described. tional view, a typical type of dispensing unit such It is noted that ?anges i6 terminate at or near as is indicated by the uppermost dispensing unit the upper and lower ends of the opening it] and of the series shown in Fig. 2, with which my im that the ends IQ of the supporting rails i'i pro proved apparatus is adapted for use. The par iect beyond the ends of the bands. ticular unit illustrated is of that type disclosed As many of the clasps C are provided as de in my companion application for patent ?led sired for each dispensing unit, which is held in November '7, 1942, bearing Serial Number 464,838. the opening l0. As shown in Fig. 2, a single pair The type illustrated is adapted to dispense post is shown, one member being disposed at each side of each dispensing unit. Each clasp com~ 25 cards. In this unit is shown one of the operat ing arms 30 and its pin M for registration and prises an arm 25, freely hinged near its upper cooperating with the wings or ?anges 35 of the end by one of the rivets IS on the supporting rail reciprocable arm 34 of the actuating device D. ll back of the ?ange !6 of the front wall of the The operating arm member 30 includes the hor cabinet. The lower free end of this arm is formed with a pair of resilient jaws 26 which 30 izontal connecting member 60 which is shown attached thereto by the screws til, said connect are adapted to clasp the supporting rail and one ing member in turn being attached to the post of the wing plates 22 together, thus holding a card ejector 42 of the dispensing unit 13, by dispensing unit in the opening Id. When the screws 43. In Figs. 2 and 5 the operating arm clasps are swung apart the dispensing unit is released and can be removed or replaced. The 35 member 30 is indicated only diagrammatically use of the clasps avoids the necessity of using and partly by broken lines in each instance. In use the dispensing units of any type de any tools for making adjustments and dispenses sired are assembled in superimposed position in with the use of screws or bolts for holding the the back of the front side E5 in the opening E0 nection with mechanisms employed in dispens 40 of the cabinet. In this position the clasps C are swung down into engagement with the sup ing units. In this manner any series of vending units can be assembled in the opening l0 and porting rails IT and the wings 22, thus releas varied from time to time as desired by opening ably clamping the latter together and holding the cabinet and replacing any one or more with the dispensing units in the opening. In assem out the use of tools. 45 bling the dispensing units in the opening iii the pin 3| on each operating member such as 30 is The dispensing units B may be of any suitable juxtaposed in operative engaging position be type, that shown resembling the various kinds above referred to, in each of which a suitable tween the corresponding pair of shoulders 35 driving element such as the reciprocable oper on the tiltable arm 31% of the companion actu ating member 3% and pin 3!, shown in Figs. 5, ating unit D. In this manner the various dis 9 and 10 are employed. This operating element pensing units of substantially corresponding size 30, as shown, corresponds with the operating and the face members of which are of substan tially corresponding shape are readily assembled element 26 shown in my Patent No. 2,309,008, to which reference is made for greater particular ready for use and permit of being readily rear ity. Associated with this operating element is 55 ranged or replaced without the use of tools when parts, which usually are unhandy to use in con a suitable actuating device D for each unit, mounted upon the inner face of the front wall ever desired. 7 In accordance with the patent statutes, I have i5 of the cabinet and provided with the hand described the principles of operation of my in operable reciprocable shaft 32 which projects vention together with the apparatus which I now forwardly and slides through said wall. A head 60 consider to represent the best embodiment piece 33, exposed on the front of the cabinet and thereof, but I desire to have it understood that mounted upon said shaft, enables one to oper the construction shown is only illustrative and ate the actuating device whichin turn causes that the invention can be carried out byother the operation of the dispensing unit. Each ac means and applied to uses other than those above tuating device is fixed permanently or, removably set forth within the spirit‘ thereof and within in the cabinet in a position corresponding with 65 the scope of the following claims. a dispensing unit to be operated and is provided with an arm 34 which is tilted when the shaft 32 is reciprocated. This arm has a pair of wings I claim: ' . 1. In a machine of the class set forth, a cab, inet section having an opening in one of its walls, or flanges 35, spaced sufficiently apart on its free end to engage the pin 3i freely and thus 70 a series of dispensing units superimposed in said provide an operative connection with operating member 30 when the vending unit is secured in the opening it of the cabinet. The actuating de viceis of that type. of- construction‘ clearly. dis closed in mycompanion ‘applications above‘ iden opening, a support having its ends bent forwardly and secured upon, and its intermediate portion spaced away from, the inner surface of__s_aid wall along each side portion of said, opening, 75 said dispensing units having side wings overly 2,410,281 / 5 6 ing said supports, and clasps hinged upon said. supports and having jaw members adapted to gaging said pin but readily separable therefrom separably engage and hold the supports and overlying wings of the dispensing units together, said cabinet section being open at its rear to give access to said clasps, whereby the dispensing units are readily interchangeable in the opening in said cabinet. to permit removal of the dispensing units rear wardly from said opening, said cabinet section being open at its rear to give access to said clasps and permit the removal of the dispensing units. 4. In a mechanism of the class set forth, a cab inet section having an opening in its front Wall, strips secured in the cabinet adjacent the front opening therein, each of said strips having a 2. In a mechanism of the class set forth, a cab inet section having an opening in one of its 10 portion off-set to be spaced from the front Wall Walls, a plurality of dispensing units positioned of the cabinet, a series of dispensing unit's hav behind said opening, each unit having laterally extending engaging members on opposite side portions thereof, supporting members secured to said cabinet adjacent to said opening having portions spaced inwardly from said wall in front of said engaging members, and clasps having portions overlying said supporting and engag ing members to retain the dispensing units in said opening, said clasps being movably mount ed in the cabinet to disengage and release said engaging members and permit the removal of said dispensing units, and said cabinet section being open at its rear to give access to said clasps. 3. In a mechanism of the class set forth,'a cab inet section having an opening in one of its walls, a series of dispensing units corresponding with said opening, each unit having side ?anges on opposite side portions thereof, an operating member on each unit and a drive pin on each operating member, clasps movably supported in said cabinet and engageable with said ?anges to removably retain the dispensing units in said opening, an actuating device for each dispensing unit, wings on the actuating device normally en ing front faces positioned in said opening and side ?anges extending therefrom within the cab inet and overlying said strips, operating ele ments on said dispensing units, actuating de vices mounted in the cabinet in proximity to said opening and separably engaged with said operat ing elements, and clasps mounted in the cab inet having portions readily movable into and out of engagement With said side ?anges and strips to removably retain the dispensing units in said opening, said cabinet section being open at its rear to give access to said clasps. 5. In a mechanism of the class set forth, a cab inet section having a front opening and open at the rear, said cabinet section having vertical strips secured therein adjacent the front open ing, each said strip having a portion off-set to be spaced from the front wall of the cabinet, a dispensing unit insertable in said front opening from the rear and having rearwardly off-set lat erally extending flanges overlying the vertical strips, and clips separably securing said strips and flanges. ' CHARLES F. PEASE.