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Oct. 2?, 1946.
Filed May 19, 1942
12 Sheets-Sheet 1
‘F76. /. 8
John Doe‘ (0.
Shop 795
Waitress 23
Oct. 29, 1946.
Filed May 19, 1942
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12 Sheets-Sheet 2
F/ G. /6.
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Filed May l9,_ 1942
12 Sheets-sheaf. 5
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Oct. 29, 1946.
Filed May 19, 1942
12 Sheets-‘Sheet 4
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Oct. 29, 1946. .
‘Filed May 19,, 1942
12 Sheets-Sheet 5
FIG‘. 3A.
Oct. 29, 1946.
Filed May 19, 1942
12 Sheets-Sheet 6
FIG. 4.
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Oct. 29, 1946.
[Filed May 19, 1942
12 Sheets-Sheet 8
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‘Oct. 29, 1946.
12 Sheets-Sheet 9
Filed May 19, 1942
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Oct. 29, 1946.
Filed May 19, 1942
12 Sheets-Sheet 10
0a. 29, 1946.
' 2,410,265
Filed May 19, 1942
12 Sheets-Sheet 11
FIG. /2.
' Oct. 29, 1946.
D,‘ B?omo
Filed May 19, 1942
12 Sheets-Sheet l2
Patented Oct. 29', 1946
Daniel Broido, Cockfosters, near Barnet, England
Application May 19, 1942, Serial No. 443,653
In Great Britain September 24, 1941
6 Claims.
alysing device, a plurality of ‘totalizing elements,
This invention relates to record-controlled
one for each denomination of the information
to be registered, means for driving the totalizing
v statistical machines of .the kind employing rec
ord cards conveying information represented by
elements, a control device actuated by the an
marked index areas arranged in denominational
groups (hereinafter referred to as “of the kind Us alysing device to control the drive to the total
izing elements in conformity with the respec
described”) .
tive denominational marks on the record, said
The primary object of the invention is to pro
control device‘comprising a single electromag
vide a machine of the kind described, more par
net controlling a plurality of armatures, each
ticularly a tabulating or automatic adding ma
10 controlling respectively one of said denomina
chine, of simple construction.
tional totalizing elements, means for rendering
Another object is to construct a tabulating ma
said armatures operative by the electromagnet in
chine provided with a simple selective control
‘order and for restoring said armatures,
device adapted to ensure that the tabulating
said means operating in synchronism with the
mechanism is ‘operated only by records which,
firstly, are properly printed, properly fed, and
unspoilt, and, secondly, have identi?cation marks
conforming to the selective set-up of the control
passage of the record through the analysing de
vice, whereby each armature is free to operate
as a denominational group of marks on the rec
ord with which it is associated is analysed by
analysing device, and a carry device asso
A further object of the invention is to provide
with the totalizing elements.
a. lightec'ontro'lled statistical machine of simple 20 ciated
The machine may be adapted for use with
construction adapted to check up and to tab
records bearing identi?cation markings and may
ulate marked records in the course of a single
then comprise a second analysing device co-op
crating with said identi?cation markings and
With the foregoing ‘objects in view a record
with a locking device to lock said armatures in
controlled statistical machine of the kind de 25 an inoperative position when the identi?cation
scribed made according to the present invention
markings on a card passing through the ma
comprises a mechanism for continuously feed
chine either are different from a predetermined
ing the records through a stationary analysing
marking or are not accurately aligned relatively
device adapted to analyse in successive order all
30 to said analysing device.
denominational groups of index areas, and all
The second analysing device may comprise a
index areas with each group, and to transmit the
source of radiant energy, a device sensitive to
impulses produced by said marks to a control
this radiant energy on to which the radiant en
device adapted to control the drive of a plu
ergy is directed, means for varying the pattern
rality of denominational elements of a totalizing
of the beam of radiant energy impinging on the
mechanism, a plurality of locking members
sensitive device in accordance with the pattern
driven in synchronism with the record feeding
of a predetermined identi?cation marking, and
mechanism, each of said members being adapts
an electrcmagnet actuated by impulses ‘from the
to render one of said controlled totalizing ele
sensitive device, and the locking ‘device may
ments operable by said control device when the
comprise a member operable by said electromag
associated denominational group of index areas
net to lock the armatures in an inoperative posi
reaches the analysing position, and to render it
inoperable after the group of index areas has
The machine vmay further comprise a sorting
passed the analysing position, the amount of
?ap operable by said electromagnet to segregate
movement imparted to each driven totalizing
those records not having the predetermined
element depending on the time interval between 45
identification marking corresponding to the pat
‘the operation of the corresponding totalizing
tern. set up on the machine, or in which the
element by the control device and the time it is
identi?cation marking is not accurately aligned
rendered inoperative by the ‘respective locking
relatively to the analysing device, said sorting
member, and a carry device for the totalizing
50 flap being operatively coupled to said locking de
vice, whereby said records are segregated with
The machine may comprise a stationary an
out operating the totalizing elements.
alysing device, means for feeding the records
The drive to the totalizing elements may be
continuously through the analysing device in
effected from a continuously driven member
such a way that the marks thereon are analysed
through couplings normally held inoperative by
in successive denominational order by said an
the armatures but operable immediately the re
straint effected by the armatures is released to
drive the totalizing elements.
The machine may further comprise means for
coupling the elements of the totalizing registers
and of the counter to the corresponding ele
The machine may be adapted for registering
information in irregular denominations (such as
ments of the grandtotal mechanism and to the
2 s. d.) in which case the armatures may be con
trolled by a plurality of cams arranged respec
clearing the totalizing registers and the counter,
denominations can be driven during each oper
to intercept the beam and means for adjusting
the slides to vary the pattern of that part of the
beam passing the slides to bring it into con
formity with that of a desired identi?cation
corresponding printing sectors, and means for
whereby its contents are transferred to the said
tively to permit the armatures to operate in prop“
grandtotal mechanism and to the said printing
erly timed sequence
shaped respectively to
vary the periods before which the various arma 10
The means for varying the pattern of the beam
tures, once permitted to operate, are restored,
of radiant energy impinging on the analysing
whereby the totalizing elements of the various
cell may comprise a plurality of slides arranged
ation of the machine for varying time intervals
in conformity with the varying maximum de
nominational values.
If the machine is adapted for registering values
in irregular denominations involving shillings
The machine may further comprise a plurality
of numeral wheels arranged to give a visual indi
controllingrv the half-penny denomination may be 20 cation of the identi?cation marking, these nu
and pence the cam associated with the armature
designed to permit the corresponding totalizing
elements to be moved only one step each time the
said armature is operated, whereupon the arma
ture is immediately restored by the cam. The
armature controlling the half-penny denomina
tion may comprise a double escapement pawl co
operating with a irictionally driven ratchet wheel
?xed to a totalizing element of the pence denom
The armatures controlling other denomina
tions may each comprise a pawl-like member en
gaging a frictionally driven ratchet wheel ?xed
to a totalizing element of the corresponding de
nomination, the cams associated with said arma
tures permitting the respective pawls to be dis
meral wheels being set simultaneously With the
The record feeding device may comprise at
least two containers to contain the records to be
fed through the machine, these containers being
carried on a turntable, whereby records can be
stacked in one container whilst records in the
other container are being fed into the machine.
The invention may also provide a record sheet
or the like carrying information represented by
marked index areas arranged in denominational
groups wherein one or more of said marked index
areas in addition to representing information is
positioned so as to constitute a control mark to
co-operate with our analysing device to prevent
engaged from their ratchet Wheels sufficiently
the operation of a machine in the event of faulty
long during each revolution to enable the ratchet
feeding of the record through the machine. Fur
wheels to be moved the required number of steps
the said index areas and said control mark
up to a maximum.
may be printed in the sheet.
Additional totalizing elements may be provided ~10
One Way of carrying the invention into effect
for the higher denominations, the drive to these
is illustrated in the accompanying drawings,
additional totalizing elements being eiiected from
a continuously driven member through frictional
Figure 1 shows, by way of example, a record in
couplings controlled by a carry device.
tended for use in a machine constructed accord
The carry device may comprise spring-loaded 45 ing to the present invention,
double escapement pawls each arranged so as
Figures 2 and 2A together are a plan view of a
normally to lock the associated totalizing ele
tabulating machine made according to the in
ment, and adapted to be operated to permit the
said element to be driven for two half-step move
Figures 3 and 3A together are a vertical section
ments to effect the carry.
50 on line III——III of Figure 2, this section being also
A counter may be provided for counting the
indicated in Figures 4 and 6,
number of records totalized by the machine.
Figure 4 is a section on line IV-—IV of Figure 3,
This counter may comprise a plurality of count
Figure 5 shows a code arrangement on a rec
ing elements, and the counting element associ
ated with the units denomination may be con
Figure 6 is a section on line VI—VI of Figure 3,
trolled by a double escapement pawl ?xed to the
Figure 7 shows, in development, a cam ar
armature controlling One of said totalizing ele
rangement for the selective set-up,
ments so as to be advanced one step at a time ir
Figure 8 is a vertical section on line VIII-VIII
respective of the numerical value being entered
of Figure 2,
into the said totalizing element.
Figure 9 is a section on line IX-—IX of Figure 8,
Means may be provided for transferring the
Figure 10 is a section on line X-X of Figure 8,
contents of the totalizing elements and of the
Figure 11 is a partial section on the line XI-Xl
counting elements to a grandtotal mechanism.
of Figure 9,
A machine according to the invention may fur
Figures 12 and 12A together are a partial sec
ther comprise a plurality of printing sectors hav 65 tion on line XII——XII of Figure 2,
ing type bars, each of said sectors being asso
Figure 13 shows the arrangement of a fric~
ciated with a totalizing element, or with a count
tional drive unit,
ing element, respectively, means for adjusting the
Figure 14 illustrates, on a larger scale, a type
said sectors in accordance with the contents of
bar used in the machine,
the associated totalizing or counting elements, 70 Figure 15 is a timing chart for paper feed and
means for operating the type bars to produce an
the analysing operation,
imprint of the registered information, a platen,
Figure 16 is a timing chart for the printing
a paper strip to be printed, an ink ribbon, and
operation, and
means for shifting the paper strip and the ink
Figure 17 is a partial section on line XVII—
ribbon after each printing operation.
XVII of Figures 9 and 10.
l8 rotatable on ?ngers 29 carried on brackets iii
The invention will now be described with ref
erence to a preferred embodiment designed speci
cally for dealing with checks or tickets, such as
are handed to customers in restaurants and tea
secured to side frames 2, 3 respectively. As the
tickets l are fed into the machine, the platform
lly rises, being guided by rollers 2|, 22
shops. Essentially the same arrangement could,
however, be used for the automatic analysis and
Side plates 7, ‘I’ are provided with rubber lining
rotatame on ?ngers 23 secured to the platform.
and are set to hold the tickets | with a cer
tabulating of other marked documents, for in
tain amount of pressure, so as to prevent double
stance sale slips, time cards, pay slips, and the
The tickets l are piled up in one of the con
It is assumed that the checks or tickets to be 10
tainers, for instance l‘, 8, in the same order as
used in the machine hereafter described emanate
they arrive from the shops, the lots pertaining
from a chain of tea-shops and restaurants, all
to individual waitresses being separated by dis
shops being controlled from a central office. In
tinctive cards made of strong board or thin metal
such cases it is desired to check up cash relative
plate. The other container 1’, 8' can be ?lled
to each cashier, sales effected by each waitress
while the machine is working. As soon as the
and shop, total amount of cash, number of cus
?rst paper container 1, 8 is empty, the operator
tomers, and other information. For this pur
lowers the platform 9 until the rollers 2|, 22
pose, according to the invention, each waitress
aligned with a cut-out 25 formed in frames
and sales girl is given a booklet of tickets printed,
2, 2, and turns it around the shaft l0, thus
in addition to the usual matter such as named
bringing the second container 1', 8’ into the
of the ?rm, number or address of the shop, and
working position previously occupied by the first
so forth, with the individual number of the
container 1, 8.
waitress, both in readable characters and in coded
The paper feed is operated by a cam shaft 26
marks. In the example shown in Figure 1, the
(Figures 3, ll) journalled in bearings 21, 28 in
number of the waitress is 23, this ?gure is
frames 2, 3, respectively. A cam 29 secured to
marked in area A in a code to be explained here
A number of index areas B indicated
“l/g'd,” “lid-1d,” and “3/—-1/—” are provided for
pence and shillings, respectively, of the amount
sold; further index areas B designated “ll-2”
are provided for the number of customers served.
The waitress writes on the ticket I in area C
the consumed items and the total in the usual
way; in addition, for the purpose of the present
invention, she has to make pencil or like opaque
marks in corresponding index areas B; for in
stance, the total amount being 1/6; she makes
marks in index areas “1-” and “6d.”
If two
persons have been served, the waitress would
mark the index area “2.” If only one customer
has been served, as in the assumed example, no
shaft 25 co-acts with a, roller or ball-race 30 car
ried on a lever 3| pivoted as at 32 in frame 2,
a spring 33 maintaining the roller 30 in contact
with cam 29. A connecting rod 34 is linked as at
35 to lever 3 I, and at the opposite end to a trun
nion 36 carrying a roller 3'! arranged to move in
a rail 38 secured to frame 2. Linked to the other
end of trunnion 36 is a rod 39 carrying a spin
dle All to which is ?xed an axle 4| formed with
shaped recesses for rollers 42. A rim 43 carry
ing a picker roller 44 of rubber or similar ma
, terial is journalled on the axle 4|.
As the cam
23 rotates, lever 3|, rods 34, 39, and picker M
are reciprocated; when the picker 44 is moved
to the left as viewed in Figure 3, it free-wheels
on axle ill. When shifted to the right, the rim
pencil mark is required, the index area corre
43 is locked by the rollers 42, and the picker 44
sponding to “1” being pre-printed black on all
cannot rotate; thus, it drags along the upper
tickets. In this way, the transparency of the
most ticket I, picks it up, and shifts it into a pair
relevant index areas B is made different from
of feed rollers 45, 46 on shafts 41, I58, respectively,
that of the unmarked areas.
journalled in frames 2,
When paying, ‘the customer hands his ticket
Shaft 41 of the lower roller 45 carries a sprock
to ‘the cashier who, on checking up the total,
et designated (153 in Figure 8, which is driven
puts the ticket into a pigeon-hole reserved for
the waitress. After a day’s work, the tickets are 50 through a chain 55 by a sprocket 5| fast on cam
shaft 26. Shaft 4'! also carries a gear 52 meshing
bundled in the order of waitresses and sent to
with a gear
fast on shaft 43 of the upper roller
the central o?ice to be checked up by means of
46. Shaft 41 further carries another sprocket
a machine according to the present invention.
Generally speaking, the machine comprises two
54 (Figure 3) driving, through chain 55, sprock
main parts, namely a paper feed and an analysing 55 ets 56, 51 secured to shafts 56, 5Q journalled in
frames 2, 3 and carrying rollers
6|, respec
mechanism mounted between side frames 2, 3
tively, which form the lower components of two
(Figures 2 and 3), and a tabulating and printing
further pairs of feed rollers. Shaft 43 of the
mechanism disposed between side frames 3, ll
?rst upper roller 4'5 carries a sprocket 6?. driving
(Figures 2 and 8). The side frames 2, 3, 4 are
interconnected by a number of tie-rods 5, and 60 through a chain 53, a sprocket 64 fast on shaft
55 carrying the second upper roller 65. This
the whole is supported by a supporting struc
shaft 65 is journalled in bearings $1, $1’ (Figure
ture 6.
2) in plates 63, E8’ pivoted on shaft 558 and inter
Paper feed
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, the machine
comprises two paper containers formed by side
plates ‘I, 1 and ‘I’, ‘I’, and end plates 8 and 8',
connected by tie-rods 69, 753, '|| (Figure 3) to
form a rigid frame. The lower tie-rod 7| carries
a roller 12 maintained by a spring ‘E3 in contact
with a cam ‘M rigid on cam shaft 26. As the cam
‘M revolves, the upper feed roller 66 is momen
tarily lifted up clear of the lower roller 68, so
rotatably mounted on a shaft l0 and supported
by a collar | | secured to the shaft, which is ver 70 that the ticket is free to be adjusted as will be
presently described.
tically slidable in bearings |2 formed (in a plate
Shaft 59 of the lower feed roller 6| of the third
l3 secured to two tie-rods 5; a weight In on a
respectively, mounted on a common platform 9
rope l5 slung over a pulley I6 and ?xed as at I’!
pair carries a gear 15 meshing with a gear ‘E6 on
a shaft 11 journalled in frames 2, 3 and carrying
to the shaft Ill forces the platform 9 upwards,
thus pressing the uppermost ticket I onto rollers 75 the upper feed roller 18- of the third pair. Shaft
59 further carries a pulley ‘I9, clearly shown in
I35 onto a stop I3I; when lifted up to a stop I32,
it abuts against the abutment I28 and swings the
another pulley 8| fast on a shaft 82 journalled
bail I26 clockwise as viewed in Figure 8, thus
in frames 2, 3 and carrying a single feed roller
swinging the clutch fork I2I anti-clockwise in
83 (Figure 3).
5 the horizontal plane into position shown in Fig
While being fed between the pairs of feed roll
ure 4, and causing the clutch I20 to engage a
ers, the tickets pass through a channel formed by
co-acting clutch member formed on a gear I33
guides 84, 85 secured to frames 2, 3. After pass
rotatably mounted on clutch shaft II6. Gear
ing the last pair of rollers ‘I8, GI, the tickets are
I33 is in mesh with a gear I34 fast on handle
conducted, as will be described hereafter, by a 10 shaft I55. When being driven by the clutch I20,
flap 85 either into a channel formed by guides
the gear I33 thus drives the cam shaft 26 through
81, 88 and hence into a bin 89 reserved for “cor
gears III}, III.
rect” tickets, or underneath the guide 88 into a
If for any reason the flow of tickets is inter
bin 90 reserved for “wrong” tickets. Bins 89, 9e
rupted, the machine is automatically stopped by
are supported by tie-rods 5, and can be readily 15 the following cut-out device. A forward exten
removed in order to be emptied.
sion of clutch fork I2I carries a roller I35 (Fig
After a ticket I has passed the ?rst pair of
ure 4) coacting with a face cam I35 fast on cam
feed rollers 45, 45, it is adjusted to ensure cor
shaft 25. This extension further carries a ?nger
rect alignment with control and analysing de
I31 co-acting with a slide I38 mounted for verti
vices to be described hereafter. Front adjust
cal movement on shaft 20 and cross-bar 98. A
ment is effected by stop ?ngers 9| ?xed to a
downward extension of slide I38 carries a roller
plate 92 pivoted on a cross-bar 93 secured to
I35 (Figure 3) co-acting with a cam I40 integral
frames 2, 3. A roller 94 journalled in plate 02
with cam I30. When a recess in cam I40 is
is biased by a spring 95 onto a cam 96 fast on cam
aligned with roller I39, a spring I4I anchored
shaft 26. Fingers 9i are interposed by cam 55 25 on cross~bar 98 forces the slide I38 upwards,
in the path of the ticket just before the upper
and its upper end is caused to press gently against
feed roller 65 is lifted up as described, so that the
the ticket I which at this moment is in the
ticket runs up against the stop ?ngers, and, being
adjusting position. The spring pressure is of
in the meantime released by the roller 68, ad
course insuf?cient to damage the ticket, which
justs itself accordingly, whereupon the roller (55‘ 30 is sui?ciently strong to prevent a further move
is again lowered and maintains the ticket in its
ment of slide 538. In this position, an exten
correct position.
sion I42 (Figure ii) on slide I38 locks the ?nger
Side adjustment is effected, simultaneously
I31, being supported by an abutment I43 on
with the front adjustment, by a jogger S‘! (Fig
bracket I23; thus, the clutch I20 remains in
ures 2 and 3) slidable on a cross-bar 98 supported 35 engagement with gear I 33, which, consequently,
in the frames 2, 3. A downward extension of
continues to drive the (paper feed. However, if
jogger 91 carries a roller 03 biased against a
there is no ticket in the adjusting position when
face cam I00 (Figure 4) by a pressure spring IOI
the roller I39 is allowed to rise by its cam I40,
(Figure 2) anchored on cross-bar 93. When ' the slide I38 will be lifted by its spring I4I
shifted by the lobe of cam I00 along the cross 40 through a slot I44 (Figure 2) provided in guides
bar 98, the jogger 91 shifts the ticket onto a sta
84, 85, the extension Hi2 will de-latch the ?nger
tionary jogger I02 ?xed to cross-bar 96, thus ad
I31, and the clutch I20 will be disengaged by its
justing it sideways. The co-ordination of the
spring I24, thus interrupting the paper feed.
various elements of the paper feed is diagram
This cut-out can be initiated either manually
matically illustrated in the timing chart shown 45 whenever
it is desired to stop the paper feed by
in Figure 15.
preventing the picker 44 from feeding the upper
The paper feed can be operated manually by
most ticket, or automatically by means of above
means of a handle I 03 (Figures 4, 8) rotatably
mentioned cards separating the individual lots
secured to a downward extension of a sleeve I04
of tickets. These cards have sideways exten
slidable on a shaft I05 and normally maintained 50 sions I45 (Figure 2) abutting against side plates
in an inoperative position (shown in Figure 4) by
‘I of the paper container; thus, whenever a card
two balls I56 inserted into a bore in the shaft
is reached, it will not be fed into the machine,
I55 and pressed into locating holes in sleeve I04
and the paper feed will be stopped as hereto
by a spring IITI. When the sleeve is pressed in
fore described, so that the operator has an op
wards, a recess I08 engages a pin Hi9 ?xed to 55 portunity to take the necessary readings as will
shaft I05, which can then be rotated by turning
be explained hereafter.
Figure 4 driving through a belt 80 (Figure 2)
the handle I 03. Fast on shaft I05 is a gear IIO
meshing with a gear I I I secured to cam shaft 26.
SeZectz've control device
Normally, the machine is driven by a motor
After passing the second pair of feed rollers
II2 (Figure 3) mounted in the supporting struc
50, the tickets I reach a control device com
ture 6; the motor pulley H3 drives, through a
prising a lamp I46 (Figure 3) mounted on a
belt II4, a pulley II5 fast on a clutch shaft II6
plate It? secured to frames 2, 3, a casing I48
journall-ed in bearings H1, H8 (Figure 4) in
lenses I49 adapted to concentrate the beam
frames 2, 3. Slidably mounted on a key H9 in
of light onto a frame I50 having an aperture
shaft H5 is a clutch I20 operable by a clutch
fork I2I pivoted as at I22 in a bracket I23 se 65 ISI, and a light-sensitive cell I52 mounted in
casing I53 on a plate I54 secured to frames 2, 3.
cured to the frame 2; a spring I24 tends to swing
I46 and cell I52 are connected by wires
the clutch fork I2I into an inoperative position.
I55, I56, respectively, to an ampli?er device I51
An extension of the clutch fork I2I carries a
mounted in the supporting structure 6. The
bolt I25 which protrudes through a slot in the
70 ampli?er device I5"! may be of any suitable type;
frame 3 and links the fork I2I to a bail I26 (best
it comprises a supply of current, ampli?er and
shown in Figure 8) pivoted as at I21 in frame 3
recti?er tubes, transformers, and other neces
and carrying an abutment I28 co-acting with a
sary electrical components.
feed lever I29 mounted adjacent hereto on pivot
The selective control device comprises a con
I21. Feed lever I29 is normally biased by a spring 75 trol
device adapted to segregate badly fed and
spoilt tickets, and a selective device adapted to
select for operation only tickets bearing certain
distinctive markings.
The selective control device according to the
present embodiment is adapted to co-operate
linked as at I18 to a slide I19. The slides I13
are mounted in edge-to-edge contact in frame
I50 and extend, when in inoperative position,
across the aperture IEI, thus cutting on a cor
responding portion of the beam of light emanat
ing from the control lamp hi8; however, when a
rocker I15 is swung against the ten ,n of its
spring 511 by a lobe on the respective cam I'll}
or I13, the associated slide W9 is shifted to the
the number of waitress; they are arranged in a
manner shown in Figure 5. The whole of the 10 right as viewed in Figure 3, and its end un
covers the aperture E5! to allow free passage of
area A is divided into two sub-areas, one for
light in the corresponding position. Slides I19
the tens and the other for the units of the
are positioned transversely exactly in line with
waitress’ number; each sub-area is subdivided
I53 on the tickets 5, and it will be seen
into ?ve imaginary rectangles I52 identi?ed by
that if the knobs 55%}, Hit are set according to a
digits I-5. Each digit of the waitress’ number
certain number, say “23,” the slides 539 which
is represented according to the following code:
will be thus shifted will allow the light beam to
illuminate marks IE8 representing “23” on the
ticket, the remaining slides I19 keeping the re
20 maining portion of the area A dark. If the rims
I69, I12 are set in the position “XX” (see Fig
with distinctive marks I58 arranged on the tickets
I in areas A, Figure 1. Asv already mentioned,
these marks represent, in the present example,
ure '7), all slides I'ZEJ will be set open, and no se
lective operation will take place.
The ampli?ed impulse of the control cell I52
is arranged to energise a solenoid electromag
net I89 (Figure 8) secured to frame 11 and con
nected by wires I8! to the ampli?er device I51.
Oppositely disposed to magnet 58B is another
Thus, in the vpresent case, the value “2” of
the tens denomination, i. e. 20 is represented by
rectangles I and ‘4 in the tens sub~area, and '
"3” is represented by rectangles I and 5 in the
units sub-area, as indicated by crosses in
Figure 5. When the tickets are printed, the
relevant rectangles are left blank, the remainder
of the area A being overprinted, as shown in
Figure 1.
Although the tickets may have been, and
usually are, manually pre-sorted into lots per
taining to individual waitresses, they have to
be checked up, and the selective arrangement
about to be described is designed to serve this
Before starting the machine, the operator sets
up the number allocated to a particular waitress,
i. e. that waitress by Whom the uppermost lot of
tickets should have been issued, by turning two
knobs I58, I60 (Figures 2 and 6) until the re
quired numerals appear in appertures IISI (for
units) and £62 (for tens) made in the machine
cover I63. Knob I59 is rotatably mounted on a
shaft I64 journalled in bearings I65, I58 in
frames 2, 3; it has two ?ngers I61 which ?t'into
two recesses in a sleeve I58 carrying a rim I59
electromagnet :82 permanently energised from
the source of power through wires I83. The
cores I80’, I82’ of the magnets I38, I52 are
linked as at I84 to a lever I85 rockab-ly mounted
on a cross-bar 18% supporting the bin 9%. One
end of lever I85 co-acts with an arm I81 ?xed
to a shaft I88 (see also Figure 4) journalled in
bearings I89, I‘Jil in frames 2, 3; secured to this
shaft I88 is a sorting flap 8%. Integral with arm
I8’! is an arm ISI biased by a spring Hi2 onto a
cam I93 secured to shaft 53 of the lower roller
SI of the third pair of feed rollers. A rearward
extension of lever I85 carries a pilot I913 co»-op
crating with an internal cam I95 fast on clutch
shaft IIE. Normally, the flap 86 is maintained
by arm IGI and cam I93 in the lower position
' (shown in full lines in Figure 3), and the pilot
I94 is guided in the channel formed in cam I95.
In this position of ?ap 86, the tickets are guid
ed over the top of the flap into the bin 89. How
ever, at the exact moment when the distinctive
marks I58 on a ticket reach the control station,
via, the aperture I5I, a cut-out in cam I35 and
a recess in cam I93 render lever i535 and flap 66,
respectively, free for operation; at this moment,
the ?ap the
86 isarm
I81. The
by the lever
of the
marked with numerals O—~X and also a set of 55 latching
?ve cams I10 corresponding to live rectangles
control cell I52 is such that, if it is exposed to
l—5 of the units sub-area on a ticket. Knob I66
the full amount of light passingr through four
is ?xed to shaft I66 to which is secured a sleeve ' marks I58 on the ticket, the energisation of the
I1I carrying a rim I12 and a set of ?ve cams
control magnet 583 is exactly equal to that of
I13 identical with rim. I69 and cams I10, re
the permanently excited magnet Hi2; conse
spectively, but reserved for the tens sub-area; it 60 quently, if the set-up of slides I19 corresponds to
may be pointed out that the tickets are fed
the marks I58 on the particular ticket that hap
through the machine in the direction of the ar
pens to be in the control position, the lever I85
row in Figure l. Cams I10, I13 each have a
will receive an equal pull from both magnets I83,
number of lobes I14 (Figure 3), one complete
I82, and will thus remain stationary, thus contin
set being shown in development in Figure '7.
uing to latch the ?ap B6 in the lower position;
When a numeral on rim IE9 or I12 is aligned
the ticket will travel into the bin 39 reserved for
with aperture I6I or I52, respectively, the cor~
“correct” records. However, if the set-up of the
responding lobes I14 are brought into an oper
selector slides I19 does not correspond to the
ative position, and it will be noted that the cam
70 marks I58 on the ticket, the control cell 252 will
arrangement corresponds to the code table.
receive only a reduced amount of light, or no light
Each of the cams I10, I13 co-operates with a
at all; consequently, the energisation of the con
rocker I15 (Figures 3 and 2) mounted on a cross
trol magnet I80 will be reduced, its pull will be
bar I15 supported in frames 2, 3. Rockers I15
weaker than that of the permanently energized
“are biased by springs !11 onto cams I152, I13.
__The lower extensions of the rockers I15 are each 75 electromagnet I82, which will swing the lever I35
clockwise, thus causing it to de-latch the arm I81;
thus, the flap 85 will be rocked by the spring I32
into an elevated position (shown in dotted lines
in Figure 3); consequently, the ticket will travel
underneath the flap 85 into the bin 90 reserved
for “wrong” tickets. Arm ISI and ?ap 86 are
restored by cam I93; pilot I94 and lever I85 are
restored by cam I35 which has a suitably shaped
mouth 195. The timing of these cams with the
cam shaft 26 is shown in the chart of Figure 15.
It is evident that this separation of “wrong”
tickets will take place whenever the control cell
I52 is not fully illuminated. This will happen if
bracket 266 secured to the frame plate 4. Mag
net 205 co-operates with four armatures 201, 208,
269, 2H) (Figure 9) rockably mounted on a sta
tionary shaft 2 I I supported in frames 3, 4. Each
of the armatures 201—2 I0 is biased by a pressure
spring 2I2 (Figures 8, 11, 1'1) anchored in a bar
2I3 onto one of four cams 2I4 fast on a shaft 2I51
journaled in bearings 2I6, 2I1 (Figure 9) in
frames 3, 4, and driven by a sprocket 2I8 con
nected by a chain 2I9 to a sprocket 220 (Figure
8) fast on shaft 48 of the ?rst upper feed roller
66. Armature 201 is reserved for half-pennies,
armature 208 for pence, armature 269 for shil
lings, and armature 2I0 for the number of cus
the marks I58 on a ticket do not correspond to
the selective set-up of the control device as ex 15 tomers. Each armature is normally locked by
plained above, or in the case of double feeding,
its associated cam 2| 4, and is unlocked for opera
or if the area A on a ticket has not been properly
tion by magnet 205 at the exact moment when
aligned with the control aperture I5! when the
cams I93, I95 release their associated parts I9I,
I 94.
This incorrect alignment may be due to a .
failure of the paper feed mechanism, or to bad.
printing resulting in inaccurate positioning of
marks I 58 on the ticket, or to a damage sustained
the ?rst index area B of the group associated
therewith reaches the analysing station. Mag
net 285 remains energised and attracts the arma
tures as long as the analysing cell 200 is illumi~
nated, i. e., as long as the index areas B passing
through the analysing station are blank; as soon
as a marked, Viz., black, index area B intercepts
by the ticket from rough handling and the like.
All such badly fed, or badly printed, or damaged
25 the light emanated by the lamp I91, the magnet
tickets will be eliminated, and it is evident that
285 is de-energised and releases the armatures;
the photocell I52 fulfils a double function, name
however, only one of the armatures can swing
ly that of selecting tickets having predetermined
under the in?uence of its spring 2I2 at any
distinctive marks I58, and that of ensuring prop
one time, namely that armature associated with
er alignment of tickets in an analysing station
30 this particular group of index areas, as the re
to be described hereafter.
maining armatures are locked by their cams 2I4
The control aperture I5I extends transversely
although the magnet 265 is re-energised imme
somewhat beyond the area A, the small additional
diately after the passage of the black mark, it is
quantity of light which would penetrate through
not strong enough to restore the armature which
this extension being normally intercepted by the
been released; this armature is restored by
black strip on the left of index areas B (Figure
its cam 2M after the last index area of the re
1). If a blank sheet happens to be among the
spective group has passed the analysing station.
tickets, this small quantity of light will be added
Since each of the four groups comprise a differ
to the amount of light passing through the four
ent number of index areas, the cams 2M each
open slides I19, and consequently the energisa
have a recess of different length positioned as
tion of magnet I80 will exceed that of the per
shown in Figure 8 and the timing chart of Fig
manently energized electro-magnet I82 and will
ure 15. This arrangement will be more fully
attract the lever I85; thus, the flap I85 will be
explained hereafter. After the last of the index
de-latched and operated as described above, and
areas B has passed through the analysing station,
the blank sheet will be deposited in the bin 99
the appropriate cam 2M restores the armature
reserved for “wrong” tickets.
2H), and the device is ready for the next analys
Analysing and tabulating device
ing operation.
Each of the armatures ‘Ml-2H} is formed with
After the distinctive marks I 58 have passed
through the control station, the ?rst index area
B, namely that reserved for 1/2d, reaches an
analysing station.
The analysing device (Fig
ure 3) comprises a lamp I91 mounted in plate
I41 in a casing I 98 which may contain lenses
similar to lenses I49 of the control device, an
aperture I 99 (Figure 2A) in guides 84, 85, and
a light-sensitive cell 206) mounted on plate I54 in
a casing 21H which, of course, has an aperture
a ?nger 22I co-acting with a bail 222 fast on a
shaft 223 journalled in frames 3, 4. Fast on
shaft 223‘ is a crank 224 connected by a rod 225
to a crank 225 fast on shaft I818 of the ?ap 86.
The armatures are free to operate as long as the
?ap 86 remains in the normal i. e., lower posi
tion; however, when the ?ap 86 is operated by
the control device as heretofore described, rod
causes bail 222 to swing upwards into line
with ?ngers 22I, thus locking the armatures
similar to aperture I 99. Lamp I91 and cell 220i
201-2 IEI. In this manner, it is ensured that the
are connected to the current supply and ampli?er 60 analysing device is operated only by correctly
device I 51 by wires 262, 203, respectively. It may
fed and printed tickets bearing the set-up num
be pointed out that the ampli?er device I51 desig
nates generally the assembly of various electrical
Armatures 201—2IEJ co-operate with some of
components required for the proper operation
a plurality of ratchet wheels 221 rotatably
of the machine: it comprises ampli?er tubes con
mounted on a common sleeve 228 secured to a
trolled by the photocell I52, and other ampli?er
shaft 229 journalled in bearings 230, 23I (Fig
tubes controlled by the photocell 200. Both am
ure 9) in frames 3, 4; a sprocket 232 fast on shaft
plifying circuits are independent from each other,
229 is driven, through a chain 233, by a sprocket
but they may comprise common elements, such
234 fast on cam shaft 215. Each ratchet 221
as transformers, switches, and the like. The 70 carries a gear 235 meshing with a gear 236 ro
arrangement of ampli?er circuits is well known
tatable on a shaft 231 (hereafter referred to as
and does not require a detailed description. The
subtotal shaft). Each gear 235 carries a fric
ampli?ed . impulse of the analysing cell 202
tional drive unit (best shown in Figure 13) com
is arranged to control, through wires 204, an
prising two frictional shoes 238, 238' pivoted as at
electromagnet 295 (Figure 8) mounted in a 75 239 in gear 235 and pressed together by a spring
240 adjustable by a screw 241. These frictional
drive units tend to rotate the gears 235 with the
shaft 229, but they are normally locked by arma
tures 2111-210 or by carry pawls to be described
next to the left-hand frame 3. The cam 214 co
operating with the armature 210 is shaped to al
low for a four-step movement of the ratchet 221
Considering ?rst the halfpenny transmission,
the armature 201 is extended to form a double
pawl 242, 242’ co-acting with the ?rst (on the
right in Figure 9) ratchet wheel 221. This double
associated with the single pawl 241; the opera
tion of this ratchet wheel 221 is otherwise iden
tical with those controlled by armatures 208, 209.
Secured to sleeve 245 is a double pawl 248, 248'
which is similar to the halfpenny double pawl
242, 242’. Whenever the armature 210 is released
pawl 242, 242’ of armature 281 is similar to the 10 by magnet 255, the upper tooth 24'8 releases the
associated ratchet 221 which is then frictionally
double pawl 248, 248' associated with armature
driven for half a tooth; when the armature 210
2m and clearly shown in Figure 11. As shown
is restored by its cam 214, the lower tooth 248’
in Figure 8, the tooth 242 (corresponding to tooth
again releases the ratchet 221 which is driven for
248 in Figure 11) of the double pawl normally
another half a tooth. Thus, the total movement
locks the ratchett 221 and prevents it from be
of this ratchet wheel is always one step, irrespec
ing driven by its frictional drive unit. When
tive of whether the “Number of customers”
the armature 201 is momentarily released by the
ratchet controlled by the single pawl 241 is driven
associated cam 214 and magnet 26.5, and swings
one or more steps. The ratchet wheel 221 con
out under the in?uence of its spring 212, the up
trolled by the double pawl 248, 248’ is meshed to
per tooth 242 (corresponding to tooth 248 in Fig
a gear 236 forming part of a “Number of tickets”
ure 11) releases the ratchet 221, which is imme
subtotal counter, seen in Figure 9 in the middle
diately turned by its frictional drive for approxi~
of subtotal shaft 231. Thus, the armature 210
mately half a tooth, whereupon it is engaged by
serves a double purpose, namely it totalizes the
the lower tooth 242' (corresponding to tooth 248'
in Figure 11). When the associated cam 214 25 number of customers, and also counts the number
of tickets.
restores the armature .201, the tooth 24.2’ (corre
It is evident that the cams 214 must rotate in
sponding to tooth 248’ in Figure 11) again re
synchronism with the paper feed; their
leases the ratchet 221 and permits it to move
timing is shown in Figure 15.
again approximately half a tooth, whereupon it
It may be pointed out that all ratchet wheels
is re-engaged by the upper tooth 242 (corre 30
22? have ten teeth, and that the ratio of gears
sponding to tooth 248 in Figure 11). Thus, the
235, 236 is 1:1 throughout, except for the pence
ratchet wheel 221 is rotated through a distance
transmission controlled by the armature 208,
equal to one tooth, and in this manner the oc
wherein this gear ratio is 10:12; consequently,
currence of a black mark in the index area “1/2d”
on a ticket is registered by a one-step movement
of the respective sub-total gear 236.
The pence armature 258 (Figure 17) and the
shillings armature 2119 each carry a trigger 243
pivoted as at 244 and biased by a spring 245 into
engagement with the associated ratchet wheel 4-0
each step of a ratchet 221 results in a T10- turn of
the associated subtotal gear 236, except in the
case of pence transmission, where this resulting
movement is 142-, corresponding to 0-11 pence.
Subtotal carry device
221. The cams 214 controlling these two arma
tures are shaped respectively to allow for an
eleven-step movement (for 1-11 pence) and a
All ratchet wheels 221, except those controlled
by the armatures 281-211), serve for carrying pur
poses. As indicated in Figures 11 and 9, each
three-step movement (for 1-3 shillings) of the
of these carry ratchets 221 is controlled by a
respective ratchet wheel 221. The index areas
double pawl 249, 249’ pivoted on a bar 251] and
associated with the highest denominational
values, viz., “lld’s” and “3/-,” respectively, pass
through the analysing station ?rst; consequently,
if the black mark is in the “lld’s” area, the
ratchet 221 is free to complete an eleven-step
movement, but if the mark is, for example, in the
“6d’s” area, the ratchet will make only a six-step
movement, whereupon the cam 214 will restore
the armature 208, and the trigger 243 will re
engage the ratchet 221. Similarly, if the black 1
mark is-in the “3/-” area, the ratchet wheel 22']
controlled by the armature 209 will be released
to complete a three-step movement before it is
re-engaged by the trigger 243, but if the mark is
in the “1/-” area, the ratchet 221 will complete I‘
only a one-step movement before it is re-engagcd
and stopped, and so forth.
The three gears 236 operable by armatures
2G1—289 form part of a subtotal amounts total
'izlng register comprising six gears 233:‘ (shown in ""
Figure 9 adjacent to the right-hand frame 4),
the remaining three gears 235 of this totalizing
register being driven by carry devices to be de
scribed hereafter.
The fourth armature 218, best shown in Figure
11, is ?xed to a sleeve 245 carrying a single pawl
241 co-acting with a ratchet wheel 221 meshed
to a gear 236 forming part of a subtotal “Number
of customers“ totalizing register, which com
prises a group of three gears 236 seen in Figure, 9
biased by a spring 251 anchored in a bar 252 se
cured in frames 3, 4. Extensions 253 on double
pawls 249 249’ co-act with one-tooth pinions 254
fast on gears 235 of the next lower denomination.
Just before a gear 255 coniplems a revolution, the
associated one-tooth pinion 254 engages the ex
tension 253 of the next higher double pawl 249,
249’, and rocks the tooth 249 out of engagement
with the associated ratchet 221, which is then
shifted half a tooth by its frictional drive, where
upon it is arrested by the other tooth 249’ of the
double pawl. After the one-tooth pinion 254 has
passed the extension 253, the spring 251 restores
the double pawl; the tooth 249’ again releases
the ratchet 221 which is driven for another half
a tooth, whereupon it is re-engaged by the ?rst
tooth 249 of the double pawl, thus completing the
one-step carry movement. The “tens of shil
lings” carry device differs from this arrangement
in that the one-tooth pinon 254 is replaced by a
?ve-tooth pinion 255 (Figures 17, 8 and 9), so
that the carry to the “units of pounds” gear 236
is effected after every two steps of the “tens of
shillings” gear 235.
The halfpenny subtotal gear 236 has two ?ve
tooth pinions, namely, 255 co-acting with a single
carry pawl 2516 (Figure 1?), which is mounted
on bar 251'! similarly to double pawls 249 and
co-operates with the pence ratchet 221, and an
other :?ve-tooth pinion 255’ (Figure 9) oo-acting
with the trigger 243 of the pence armature 293.
When carrying, the pinion 255 first rocks the
single pawl 256 into the path of the next tooth
on the pence ratchet 221, whereupon the pinion
255’ lifts the trigger
and thus releases the
ratchet 221, which is shifted by its frictional
3, 4. This shaft 219 carries at either end a cam
289 (best shown in Figure 12) co-acting with
a roller 28! ion a bail 2S2 pivoted as at 283 in
frames 3, 4, respectively.
Bails 262 support, re_
spectively, bearings 284, 235 (Figure 9), in which
is journalled the subtotal shaft 231. A rotation
drive half a tooth and is then arrested by the
of shaft 219 causes cams 289 to raise the sub
pawl 256. Pinion 259' then releases the trigger
total shaft 231 into a position (indicated by dotted
243 which is restored by its spring
lines in Figures 8 and 12) wherein gears 286
upon pinion 255 releases the pawl 259; on com 10
fast on subtotal gears 296 are demeshed from
pletion of a further half a step, the ratchet 221
driving gears 235 and are meshed with idler
is re-engaged by the trigger 243, thus completing
gears 261, 286 rotatable on a stationary shaft
the carry operation.
269 mounted in frames 3, 4. The purpose of
' The carry device for the pence subtotal gear
this arrangement is to connect the sub-total
236 (second from the right in Figure 9) is sim 15 gears 236 with a grand total and printing mech
ilar to that of the halfpenny transmission, the
anism, as Will be described hereafter. Gears 286
only difference being that instead of the ?ve
tooth pinions 255, 255’, this gear has two one~
forming part of the subtotal Amounts totalizing
register and the subtotal Tickets counter mesh
tooth pinions 254, 254', which co-o-perate with
pawl 255 and trigger 243 of the shillings ratchet 20 each with an idler 261 (meshed to a printing
mechanism) and another idler 288 (meshed to a
wheel 221 in the same manner as just described
grand-total numeral wheel), whereas gears 286
with reference to pinions 255, 255' and pence
of the subtotal Customers totalizing register
wheel 221.
mesh each with a single gear 288. Each of the
In this manner, the amount and the number
idler gears 281, 289 is located by a detent 299
of customers are added up and accumulated for 25 pivoted on a rod 291 and biased by a spring 292
each waitress in the respective totalizing reg
anchored in a bar 293 (Figure 8) secured to
isters, whilst the number of tickets issued by each
frames 3, 4.
waitress is counted in the tickets counter. When
Fast on the subtotal shaft 231 is a gear 294
a lot of tickets issued by a waitress has been
(Figures 9, 10 and 12) adapted to be driven for
run through, the paper feed is stopped by the 30 a full turn by a gear segment 295 secured to
card 145 separating it from the next lot, as here
shaft 219. This operation, as indicated in the
tofore described, and the operator actuates a
timing chart of Figure 16, takes place during a
clearing mechanism now to be described.
part of the revolution of shaft 219 after the cam
299 has raised the sub-total shaft 231 to mesh
Subtotal clearing device
35 the gears 286 with gears 281, 288 as heretofore
The subtotal totalizing registers and counter
described. A conventional zeroising comb 296
are cleared, and the accumulated amounts and
(Figure 9) is shiftable in a keyway in the sub
numbers are transferred to grandtotal totalizing
total shaft 231 by a sprint,r 291 into a sloped
registers and counter and. to a printing mech
recess in the stationary bearing 264; this comb
anism automatically by operating a clutch (Fig~
296 has lugs 298 co-acting with zero studs 299 on
ures 3,4,8).
subtotal gears 236. Rotation of gear 294 and
A disc 251 (Figure 4) carrying a driver pin
shaft 231 ?rst causes the comb 296 to ride up
258 is rigidly mounted on the clutch shaft lit‘.
the sloped side of recess in bearing 284 and thus
A one-revolution clutch 299 rotatable on shaft
to shift axially so as to align lugs 298 with studs
H6 has a plunger 269 biased by a spring 26!. 45 299, whereupon lugs 298 pick up studs 299 and
Fast on plunger 269 is a trunnion 292 carrying
restore the subtotal gears 236 to their zero posi—
a roller 293 co-operating with a sloped lever
tions, thus clearing the subtotals and at the
264 fast on a shaft 265 journalled in frame 3
same time transmitting them to the idlers 281,
and bracket 266 ?xed hereto. Lever 264 abuts
298; on completion of the clearing operation,
against an extension 269' of bracket 266 and 50 spring 291 restores comb 296 to its normal axial
normally holds the plunger 269 out of the path
of driver
Fixed to shaft
261 linked as at 268 (Figure 8)
269 pivoted as at 219 in frame
a spring 21i on to a stop 212.
295 is a crank
Grandtotal mechanisms
to a print lever
3 and biased by
As shown in Figures 10 and 8, the grandtotal
By momentarily 55 mechanisms comprise numeral wheels 399 to
depressing the print lever 269 on to a stop 213,
which are ?xed gears 39! meshing with idlers
the lever 294 is rocked away from the clutch
288; they are rotatable on a shaft 392 journalled
259, so as to release the roller 253; spring 26I
in bearings 393, 394 in frames 3, 4. A customary
then shifts the plunger 269 into the path of the
zeroising comb 395 with lugs 396 co-acting with
constantly rotating driver 258, which picks it 60 zero studs 391 on numeral wheels 399 is pressed
up and turns the clutch 259.
Before a revolu
tion of clutch. 259 is completed, lever 2%4 is
restored by spring
1!; on reaching lever 264,
roller 263 runs along its sloped face, thus with
drawing plunger 269 and disengaging it from
driver 258.
On completion of one revolution of
clutch 259, roller 293 is arrested by a suitable
by a spring 398 into a recess in bearing 394.
There are three grandtotal mechanisms, namely
amounts totalizing register, tickets counter, and
customers totalizing register (see also Figure 2);
they can be cleared by turning the grandtotal
shaft 392 by means of a special key to be in
serted into the right-hand end of the shaft, a
abutment on lever 264. A stop 214 on print
suitable aperture being provided for this purpose
lever 259 co-acting with a stop 2'55 on bail I26
in the machine cover I63. The numeral wheels
of the paper feed drive prevents an operation 70 399 are visible through apertures 399 in cover
of the clutch 259 while the paper feed is
Fast on clutch 259 is a sprocket 216 driving,
through a chain 211, a sprocket 213 (Figures 8
Grandtotal carry device
The carry is effected in a conventional
and 10) fast on a shaft 219 journalled in frames 75 manner by one-tooth pinions 319 fast onv nu
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