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ov. 5, 1946.
H. o. viàum‘uhfuxlw
original Filed July 14, 1942
10 Sheets-Shee’rI l
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Nov. 5, 1946.
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H. o. `HAMMAM:
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NOVo 5, 1946.
-Original Filedl July 14, 1942
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Patented Nov. 5, 1946
Herbert 0. Naumann, Englewood, N. J., assignor
to North American Rayon Corporation, New
York, N. Y., a corporation of Delaware
original application July V14, 1942, serial No.
450,934. Divided and this application June 3,
1943, serial No. 489,554
3 Claims. (Cl. 18-8)
This invention relates to the manufacture of
threads of synthetic origin, and is more particu
larly concerned with a process and apparatus
for the continuous manufacture of wet spun
Continuous spinning as the name implies, com
prises the introduction of a hydrated colloid into
a spin bath to form a thread, the after-treatment
0f successive portions of the freshly formed
`thread while it is moving from the spin bath to
a point of collection and the collection of the
completely finished thread into a commercially
salable package. The very nature of continuous
Other advantages of this invention will be
apparent upon consideration of the following de
tailed description thereof in conjunction with the
operation renders the handling of the thread, for
Figure 4 is a schematic perspective View of a
instance from one treating unit to another or
during the exchange of an empty bobbin for a
full one, extremely diñicult. Deft and accurate
handling of the thread during these periods is of
extreme importance and demands the exercise of
unusual precautions to avoid loss of time and `í
waste of materials.
One of the objects of this invention is to reduce
to a minimum the time required for the transfer
of the thread from one element of the machine
to another and hence avoid any more loss of pro
duction than is absolutely necessary for the
Another object is to properly support the
thread at all times, i. e., during the threading
annexed drawings wherein:
Figure 1 is an end view, partially in section,
of a preferred type of continuous spinning
machine constructed according 'to this invention;
Figure 2 is a view in side elevation illustrating
a portion of the right or spinning side of the
machine of Figure 1;
Figure 3 is a view in side elevation illustrat
ing a portion of the left or finishing side of the
machine of Figure 1;
typical driving arrangement for the spinning
machine shown in Figures 1 to 3 inclusive;
Figure 5 is a top plan view of the entire mech
anism for transporting thread from one to
the other side of the spinning machine of Figure
1 during threading up thereof, the> underlying
thread-storage, thread-advancing units being
omitted for convenience in illustration;
Figure 6 is a top plan view partially in section,
taken along the line 6_6 of Figure 1 and servingy
to further illustrate the mechanism shown in
Figure 5;
Figure 'l is a fragmentary plan View of the
operating deck with which the left side of the
spinning machine of Figure 1 is provided;
Figure 8 is a perspective View of the ring twister
up of the machine or during the exchange of a 30
threading apparatus used in conjunction with
full bobbin »for an empty one and hence facilitate
the »present invention;
the handling of the thread during such periods so
Figure 9 is a View in longitudinal section oi’ a
temporary thread collecting device used in con
by employing this invention which embodies 35 junction with the threading up of the ring
among its features forming a thread, leading
twister shown in Figure 8;
the formed thread through various stages of
Figure 10 is a View in section taken along the
as to avoid undue Waste.
The above and other objects may be attained
treatment, temporarily collecting the thread into
line lil-lil of Figure 9;
a waste bundle between its point of origin and
Figure 11 is a View in section taken along the
its point of collection, meanwhile performing an 40 line ll-Il of Figure 9;
intra-related thread-handling operation such as
Figure 12 is an end View, partially in section,
transferring the thread from one unit to another
of a spinning machine constructed according to
or exchanging a full thread package for an
this invention but somewhat modified for con
empty one, separating the waste bundle from the
venient attachment to preexisting spinning equip
oncoming thread and directing the oncoming, 45
thread to successive elements of the machine for
Figure 13 is a View in side elevation illustrating
further manipulation.
a portion of the right or spinning side of the
Another feature of the invention is a collecting
of Figure 12, one godet driving connec
device movable from station to station on the
machine upon which the oncoming thread may 50 tion being shown in section;
Figure 14 is a view partially in side elevation
be wound preparatory to or while it is being
and partially in longitudinal section of the lower
transferred from one element of the machine to
roller of a thread-storage, thread-advancing unit
another and means to arrest the collecting device
illustrating a movable trough for the collectio
and hold it in proper relation to the elements
55 vof used treading liquids;
of a. station.
Figure l5 is a View in elevation of the unsup
ported end of the roller of Figure 14; and
Figure 16 is a plan view taken along the line
Iii-I6 of Figure 14.
It will be understood of course that treating
liquids are supplied to the yarn on the rollers 45
Referring‘nowin detail to Figures 1 to 4, inclu
sive, it will be seen -that the »spinning machine
illustrated includes a number or" spinning units,
each consisting basically or" a spinneret Ii] and a
and 46 by supply pipes 232 and 234 respectively.
In the operation of the machine, it is evident
_that the rollers ¿i5 and ëñmust be driven at the
same peripheralspeed. This is best done by driv
ing shafts 56 and 55 (Fig. 4) in synchronism from
a common power source or by driving one shaft
pair of thread-storage, thread-advancing devicesl
from the other. Shafts 5B and 5S are provided
II and I2. On devices II and l2, the freshly
formed thread is subjected to all required .after
with ¿pinions ‘i3 and i4, respectively, of like size,
treatments, whereupon it is concurrently twisted
both pinions meshing with a driving gear 'I5
driven from a gear i6 on main power shaft 25.
and collected on twisting spindle I‘3 in _iinished
form. For convenience in illustration, all ,of lthe
While it is important that the peripheral speeds
of rollers 45 and 46 be identical, it is evident that
component units of a continuous spinning ma
their takeup speed may be in excess of the deliv
ery speed of the-adjacent godet 3l so that stretch
ing may occur between each unit I I and its asso
ciated godet 3i. Arrows in Figures l, 2 and 4
>serve to illustrate the direction of rotation of the
rollers of unit II.
It will be recognized that the axial movement
chine constructed accordingto the -present inven
tion have not been illustrated. It is contem
plated, however, that a single machine include
some 50 to 70 spinning units arranged in align
ment as illustrated. While it will be increasingly
_evident upon consideration .oi the following de
scription that this invention is adaptable to» any
,type of wet .spinning operation involving the
' of the coils of thread from the supported toward
the unsupported end of thread-storage, thread
advancing device i I will occur only after that de
preparation of a thread in the lform of a hydrated
colloid, ,the apparatus will .be specifically dis
vice has been threaded up.
`cussed in .conjunction with ,the manufacture 4of
course, ñrst necessary to initiate rotation of
To do this it is, of
.viscose rayon.
vshafts 56 and '59, which, through the intermediate
¿At spaced points along Vthe iength of the -rear
gearing, cause rotation of shafts 41 and 55 .and
wall of spin `bath container I4, godets 3l arepro
the rollers 4.6 and 45, carried thereby. This is
vided, each of these consisting v,of a driven wheel 30 done by starting motor I'I, which action likewise
`3,2 .and a freely rotatable one 33. The vthread
causes operation ofthe pumps I5as well as godets
Yissuing from .eachspinneret .I0 _is first led around
3 i. At this stage, the spinning solution is extrud
the respective godet _3i and .then to the thread
ed from each spinneret I0. The operator then
storage, thread-advancing unit II.
grips the material issuing from the spinneret,
As can «be seen in the drawings, each unit VII
>is comprised of two generally horizontally ex
pulls it up from the bath and winds the result
„tending .rollers .£5 and A6.
ing thread several times around godet wheels 32
and 33, making enough «convolutions .to prevent
slipping. The thread is .then ledfrom the godet,
v Although rollers 45 and .45 both extend gen
erally horizontally, it is the usual practice to
.dispose >,theraxis of roller 46 ina truly horizontal
and »wound around rollers 45 and 46 in the form
40 of a closed coil consisting of a number of con
.direction while that of roller 45 is slightly in
clined with _respect to the horizontal so that
thread wound around `the two rollers will neces
tiguous or superimposed convolutions. This coil
may be Wound near the supported end Vof the unit
I i in which case it will move as a body tothe un
_Íïsa-rily progress in _the direction of convergence,
supported end of the unit and the successively
spun thread will be wound on in a position deter
i. e., toward the »unsupported end 4of ythe unit.
As illustrated in Figure 2, rollers 45 .and 46
which constitute unit .LI are arranged `in such
«e »Way «that ,their .axes-.lie
the Same vertical
plane :but are convergent in the direction of the
unsupported end of the unit. This is convenient v
from the standpoint of space economy, but is vnot
essential. It is evident that the axial feeding
.theory will likewise obtain in any .arrangement
involvingat least -two rollers, the axes .of which
lie in intersecting planes.
The thread leaving the godet .'3.I is first led
.on to the upper cylinder 45 of unit I I over a guide
mined vby the >angular.disposition of the roller 45.
As the coil begins to move toward the unsupport
ed end of _unit I I, the operator drops the connect
ing -thread into freely rotatable guide roller 6,8 so
that Aeach newly »formed coil will be located _di
rectly adjacent the supported end of the device,
the thread is bro-ken between the unsupported ,
end of the unit II, the thread is broken between
vthe coil and the spaced convolutions on the roller
and the coil is removed and discarded. The re
sulting free end or” thread is then led under roller
‘1,5 and over roller '1I and onto- a rotating tem
roller SS, located adjacent the supported end or"
porary collecting device 71. This device is moved
`cylinder ¿15, said guide roller being supported on
bodily from the >position shown in Figure 1 to a
a 'bracket extending from collection trough 69 60 position overlying a guide roller 'I8 bearing a
which underlies roller 45. YIt is led off of the
position with respect to thread-storage, thread
opposite side of upper _roller 45 of _unit I I, under
advancing unit I2 similar to the position of guide
a guide vroller "Iii adjacent 'the free end of the
it with respect to unit II. Unit I2 may then be
unit, over a guide roller v'II and from thence over
threaded up in the manner just described.
a >guide roller ’I8 to a thread-storagefthread 65
>Upon consideration of Figures 1 and 2, it will
advancing unit I2 which is mounted on the oppo
site side ‘of themachine. Guide roller 'i5 is sup
ported on `a lbracket extending upwardly from
` be seen that some difficulty may be encountered
in winding a closed coil aroundrollers 45 and 46
near their supported ends because of bath trough
collection trough ‘I2 underlying roller 46, while
'12, It is entirely possible to mount bath trough
guide roller 'II is supported on a bracket attached 79 i2, however, in such a way that it may be .tilted
-to a _portionof` the machine frame. The path
to a position sufliciently spaced from the roller so
¿of Vthe thread to and from unit II is shown in
as to obviate interference with threading up as
>Figure l, the spaced coils wound around the two
previously described; in this .Connection see Fig
rollers being omitted for convenience in illustra
ures 14 through 16 to be hereinafter more fully
`tion, see Patent No. 2,194,4761130 Hartmann et al. 75 described. The tilting of trough 12, while of con
veniencein some installations, is inno sense es
sential. In Figure 1 it can be seen that the fre'e
bodily movement of the temporary collecting de
end of roller L36 extends beyond the end of trough
12. When this arrangement is used, any of the
vice Vacross the machine from right to left in
Figure l that the` cumulative take-up effective
at thev free end of unit II is very slight in excess
thread-storage, thread-advancing units may be
threaded up by winding the closed coil adjacent
the unsupported end thereof and manually lead
the occurrence of slack is avoided while the
ofl the delivery speed of that unit. In this way,
thread is not subjected to excessive tension.
ing the connecting thread over freely rotatable
, So that a plurality of adjacent pairs of thread
guide roller 63. If this is done, a stop'guide 'I9
storage, thread-advancing units may be threaded
must be used to prevent the coil from running off 10 up with maximum convenience, another small
the end of the unit while it is threading itself.
cylindrical temporary collecting device 8l is dis
In Figure 2 it can be seen that guide 'I9 is in the
posed in horizontally offset position with respect
form of a porcelain loop pivotally attached to a
to device Il' a distance equal to the space between
bracket arlixed to trough 69. In the full line posi
the axes of ,adjacent units. Device 8| is sup
tion of Figure 2, guide 'I9 functions to prevent Athe
ported and driven from a motor' 32 of structure
thread loop from moving axially off the end of
and functional characteristics similar to motor
the unit. When not in use, guide'lâ may be
manually swung to the broken line position of
8d. Upon reference to Figures 1 and 5, it can be
seen that collecting devices ‘I'I and SI are nor
mally disposed on opposite sides of the machine.
Figure 2 where it will not longer contact the
thread connecting tangentially rollers 55 and 46. 20 Thus, when collecting device 'I'I is overlying a
thread-storage, thread-advancing device I I, tem
I When the closed coil is wound adjacent the free
porary collecting device BI is in a similar posi
end of unit II, around cylinders 4'5 and 46, the
tion over an adjacent thread-storage, thread
threading action of the unit is brought about by
advancing device I2.
the winding of additional coils of newly spun
Upon reference now to Figures 2 and 3, the
thread thereon and by the pulling of a few of the ..25
manner of threading up a, machine by the use
convolutions off of the closed coil in the direction
of collecting devices ‘I'I and 8l may be ascer
of the supported end of the unit, the latter oc
tained. In Figure 2, temporary collecting device
TI is disposed above a thread-storage, thread
the speed of delivery of the thread thereto. As 30 advancing unit II designated by the reference
curring when the takeup speed of the thread
storage, thread-advancing device is in excess of ~
threading up commences, the spacing between
coils will be relatively great, but will gradually
lessen until the spacing predetermined by the
angular adjustment of roller 45 has been reached.
At this time, the closed coil can be broken off and
discarded and the thread led to a new stage- as,
for example, temporary collecting device -I‘I in the
case of a unit I I-
lletter A. At the same time, temporary collecting
device 8l is over a thread-storage, thread-ad
vancing device l2 in aligned position behind the
unit I I marked B on Figure 2. When unit A has
been threaded up, the operator leads the free end
of thread around temporary collecting device TI,
which is , driven by motor 8G
throughout the threading up period. Thereafter,
motorßll is bodily moved to the opposite side-of
- While the foregoing description of threading
the machine, carrying with it the thread issuing
up has been confined to the threading up of unit
from unit A which is being concurrently wound
ll, it is evident that exactly the same procedure
on device Tl. At the same time, temporary col
may be followed in the case of unit I2. Thus, the
lecting device 8l is moved toward the operator
trough underlying the lower roller of each unit
on the spin bath side of the machine to a posi
I2 may be moved away from the roller to permit
tion over unit B similar to the position previously
threading up by winding a closed coil adjacent
occupied by temporary collecting. device 'Il -over
the supported end of the unit or a guide such as
unit A. Thus, one operator vonv the spin bath
guide 79 may be used to perrr‘iit winding the closed
side of the machine may be threading up a unit
coil adjacent the unsupported end of the'unit.
B while another operator on the finishing side
Neither of these is illustrated in Figure l. It is
contemplated, however, that a guide such as guide 50 may be threading a unit I2 in alignment with
the unit II marked A. In this way, both of the
‘I9 be associated with the trough of the upper
operatorsare continuously occupied. It will, of
roller of unit I2 in the same manner that guide
course, be understood that when the temporary
`I9 is associated with trough 6E),
After the thread-storage, thread-advancing'
collecting device completes its bodily movement
unit Il has been threaded up, it has been stated 55 across the machine,v it will have wound thereon
a very small. amount of thread. This is treated
that the thread is carried from a point adjacent
as waste and the thread is broken by the operator
the free end of that unit to a point adjacent the
supported end of thread-storage, thread-advanc
directly adjacent the collecting device and led
from thread-storage, thread-advancing unit lII
the position of temporary collecting devices ‘I'I
to a small rotating cylinder 'I'I constituting a tem
porary collecting device. Collecting device TI is
breaks the thread adjacent temporary'collecting
around the thread-storage, thread-advancing
ing unit I2 so that the latter may be threaded up
in the manner previously described. This move 60 unit in question in a> manner previously described.
After the unit B of Figure2 has been threaded,
ment is eifected by leading the free end of thread
supported by and driven through suitablegear
ing from a motor Si). Thus, the free end of
thread is wound around rotating temporary col
lecting device TI, and motor 89, with the 'tem
porary collecting device, is bodily moved from
and 8| is again reversed.
The operator then
device 8l and begins threading the unit I2 which
65 is in alignment with unit B of Figure 2. Thread
storage, thread-advancing unit TI', in its return
movement from the ñnishing side to the spinning
side of the machine, carries no thread over tov a
point above unit A since this unit has already
right to left as viewed in Figure 1 so that tempo 70 been threaded. Accordingly, immediately after
rary collecting device 'I'I is positioned adjacent
breakage of the thread adjacent temporary col
the` supported end of-thread-storage, thread-ad
lecting‘device SI, asthe operator starts to thread
vancing unit I2. The peripheral speed of 4the
the unit I2 behind B of Figure`2, the entire as
small cylinder _'I‘I constituting the temporary` co1
sembly supporting temporary collecting devices
lecting device is so correlated with the speedof 75 'I‘I and 8l is moved to the right of Figure 2 a dis
damage of the equipment caused by either of
tance equal to twice the distance between the»
centers of adjacent units. This brings collecting
members 89 or 8'I exceeding the full amplitude
device ‘Ir'I over. unit I| marked C and device 8| ~
of' movement on screws 83 and ‘84. This is con
over a unit I2 behind and in alignment` with unit
veniently done by providing a magnetic brake
|92, (Figs. 2 and 5) the control circuit for which
is in circuit` with the limit switches. This brake
D. When this. stage has been reached, the pre
viously described operation is repeated and so on
until the entire machine is threaded up.
It; has been stated that motors 89 andi 82 and
the temporary collecting devices supported and
driven thereby are bodily moved across the width
of the machine. This movement is effected by
thev concurrent rotation of oppositely threaded
screws 83 and 84v (Figs. 5 and 6) supported in
rectangular frame 85. and in respective driving
engagement. with interiorly threaded members 86
|92. is conveniently located on the end of the ro
tor shaft of motor 93 opposite pinion 9.4.
The bodily movement of temporary collecting
devices 11: and 8| across the machine has now
been described. It has been previously stated,
however, that frame 85 is subject to bodily move
ment lengthwise of the machine. To this end
frame 85 is supported from a car |93' having two
pairs of hanged wheels |94 and |95 which ride
in rails |96 and |91 supported above the machine
and 8l which surround the threaded shafts 93
and 94 and have depending Shanks 88 and 89
in any convenient manner, see Figure l. Wheels
|95 may>` turn freely on axle |99 or may be at
which serve to support motors 8.9 and 82, respec
tively'` To prevent pivotal movement of motors
tached thereto, the, only requisite being that the
89 and 82 and the assemblies carried thereby 20 wheel and axle assembly is freely rotatable.
about threaded shafts 83 and 84 as axes, brought
Wheels |99,` however, are attached for free ro
tation at the ends of axle |99 and this axle, mid
about by the rotation of those shafts, members
way of its length, carries a keyed pinion I I9 which
86 and 81 are provided with arms 99 and 9| eX
tending in mutually convergent relation at right
is adapted to mesh with a rack III which ex
angles to respective shanks 88 and 89. The free 25 tends for the full length of the machine at a po
sition midway between rails I 99 and |91. The
ends of arms 99 and 9| are slotted and receive
manner of driving car |93 through rack and pin
therein a guide rail 92 which extends for the
full width of the machine and is suitably sup
ion | |9-| || can now be described. To this end,
ported in frame 85.
„axle |99 is provided with a keyed sprocket II2
Since shafts 83 and 84 are oppositely threaded, 30 connectedL by a chain II3 with a sprocket ||4 on
it will be apparent that, if both are driven, mem
the rotor shaft of a motor H5. Thus, upon ro
bers 86 and iS’I will moveacross frame 85 in op.
tation of motor |I5, sprocket H2 keyed to axle
posite directions carrying with them the respec
H39> will cause rotation of pinion | I9, which mesh
tive' motors 89 and 82 and temporary collecting
ing with rack I | I, will pull the car |93 in a direc
devices 'I'I- and 8 I.
tion opposite to the direction of rotation of pinion
The intermittent rotation of shafts 83 and 84 is
H9. By energizing motor IIE, the car |98 is
eiîected through a reversible motor 93, the. rotor
moved lengthwise of the spinning machine. It
shaft of which is provided with a pinion 94. Pin
is desirable, however, that the lengthwise move
ion 94 is operatively connected to threaded shaft
ment> be controlled so that temporary collecting
83 through> an idler gear 95 which meshes with a _
devices 'I'I and 8| will be moved a distance ex
gear 96 keyed to threaded shaft 83. A4 similar
gearing arrangement including an idler 9T and
a gear 98 keyed to shaft 84 serves to establish
a driving connection between the latter and pin
actly equal -to twice the distance between the
centers of adjacent units. This controlled move
ment is effected by so arranging the diameter of
pinion ||9 that 360° of movement thereof will
ion 94.
Imove the car exactly the desired distance.
Conveniently, the gearing connecting
the rotor of lmotor 93 and shafts 83 and 84' isk en
closed in a dust-proof housing 99. It can now
be seen that for any given direction of rotation
of motor 93, members 86 and 8'! will be driven
in. opposite directions. It is necessary, however, ;
that the direction of ‘bodily movement of collect
ing devices 'I'I and 8l be reversed each succeed
ing. operation thereof. It is for this reason that
motor S3 is of a reversible type. The exact-con
completion» of this. movement, motor |I5 is auto
matically cle-energized and the inertia thereof
automatically overcome. This is eifected through
atiming disc. I I9. keyed to axle |99 adjacent pin
ion ||9. This disc, as may be seen in Figure 2, is
provided with a notch and serves to position a
switch arm II'I. Disc IIS is so disposed on axle
|99 that the notch therein will be in registry with
switch arm | |‘I upon completion of the desiredV
struction of'motor 93 forms no part of this inven- ,
movement lengthwise of the machine.
tion, it being contemplated that any conventional
reversible electric motor of suitable character
istics may be used. The motor is controlled
through. a circuit, not shown, from a pair of push
arm I l1 is normally held in a position to maintain
the circuit vto motor I I5 closed. It serves to open
buttons |99 and |9| , (Figfl) each of which serves
to drive the motor in one direction only.
stoppage of motor 93 is effected automatically
by a pair of limit switches `>of any conventional
construction disposed on opposite sides of bar 92
adjacent one of its ends, one switch being in the
path of each of- arms 99 and 9i'. Thus, forex
ample, the rotation of motor 58' in one direction
may be stopped when arm 99 reaches a predeter
mined position and the rotation in the other di
rection may be stopped when arm 9| reaches a
similar predetermined position at the' same. end
of frame 85. Since _motor 93 will necessarily de
velop a certain amount of inertia in` operation,
it is highly desirable that the» stoppage thereof
the circuit to motor II5, however, when in reg
istry with the notch of disc H8, and, at the same
time, through relays to operate a magnetic brake
I|8 of' a type similar to magnetic brake |92 pre
viously described. Thus, motor II.5 is auto
matically stopped. Initiationof rotation -thereof
is effected through switch arms I I9 and |29 con
nected at the ends of a long. shaft |2| which ex
tends vfor the full width of the machine. Switch
arms |.I.9 and |29 are disposed- ina position to `be
conveniently operated from either side of the
machine byvpull- cords». A linkage |22, k|28, |24
connects shaft I2I with switch box |25 in which
the various controls for both motors’ I-I-âiand S3
are located, as well as the relays for the opera
tion of the magnetic brakes. It can be seen that
if the operator «pulls switch arm H9 and then
.be effected instantaneously to prevent >possible 75 immediately releases it, motor4 H5 willv operate
until the notch 1n disc
| I1 to open the circuit.
matically stop. On the
ator should hold switch
||6 permits switch .arm
At this point it will auto
other hand, if the oper
arm I I9 during the time
tached to the bottom of and extending down
wardly from housing 58. The free end of shaft
64 is located adjacent a removable dust cap 61
and is adapted for engagement by a socket wrench
operated from the front of the machine. When
in registry, motor ||5 would continue to- run.
shaft 64 is rotated, bifurcated member 66 is
Thus, while the lengthwise travel of car |03, when
moved through agency of the nut, either closer
initiated, is normally deñned by the mechanismy
to or further away from pivoted end bearing 65
described, the starting and stopping thereof is
of shaft 64, depending on the direction of rota.
also fully under the control of the operator. 10 tion. Movement of bifurcated member 61 _toward
Switch arm |20 is used to drive motor ||5 in the
end bearing 65 lowers the unsupported end of
other direction and is normally employed for re
roller 45 while movement in the other direction
turning the entire threading up assembly to one
has the vreverse effect. Housing 58 is of course
end of the machine after threading up has been
pivoted about tubular support 63 to permit chang#
that the notch in disc | I6 and switch arm I I1 are
Having now described the manner in which
the machine is threaded up including the ap
paratus for transferring the free ends from the
units Il to their respective units |2, the details
of the latter units will be discussed. '
Each unit I 2 consist-s of two rollers |26 and |21,
supported at one end only, and having their free
ends extending generally horizontally. As in the
15 ing the angular position of shaft 55 and the roller
45 concentrically mounted thereon. _Since screw
means are used for altering the position of shaft
is ` self-locking.
threaded shaft |44 which corresponds to similar
20 shaft 64 and dust >cap |4| through removal of
which access to shaft |413 may be gained _in order
to adjust the angular disposition of roller |26.
Housing |32, which corresponds to housing 5| on
case with lower roller 46 of unit | I, lower
the other side of the machine, is mounted on a
roller |21 is mounted on a, shaft which extends 25 portion of the mainframe in such a way that
axially of the roller and is in a truly horizontal
position. This shaft, designated by numeral |23,
is provided with a driving gear` |29 keyed thereto
which meshes with a lgear |30, keyed to a main
shaft |28 extends in a truly horizontal position.
It will be recalled that the angular position of
shaft 41 is not adjustable. This is also trueoi
shaft |28.
drive shaft |3I. Drive shaft |3| is similar to 30. It is, of course, necessary that each upper roller
drive shaft 5U and is provided with a plurality of
|26 and its corresponding lower roller |21 `be
gears |30, one for coaction with each gear |29
driven at the same peripheral speed. It is like,
for each of lower rollers |21. Each meshing pair
wise desirable that the take-up speed of unit I2
of gears |23, |3|| is disposed in a housing |32
be approximately >the same as the delivery speed
ñxedly mounted on a portion of the main frame 35 0f unit | I. Upon reference to Figure 4, the man
of the machine. Housing |32 ís provided with a
ner of accomplishing this may be ascertained.
bearing |33 for supporting shaft |28.
In that figure, it can be noted that main drive
Upper roller |26 of the thread-storage, thread
shafts |32 and |31 are provided with gears |42
advancing unit | 2 is likewise provided with an
and |43 respectively. These gears are driven by
axially extending drive shaft, said shaft bearing 40 gear |44 on a shaft |45, the opposite end of which
the ldesignation |34. Shaft |34 is provided with a
carries a gear |45 in mesh with a, gear |41 which
gear |35 which meshes with a gear |36 mounted
rests against and meshes with driving gear 15.
on main drive shaft |31. Shaft |31 is similar in
The latter, it will be recalled, serves also to ac-V
structure and function to shaft 59 and it is pro
tuate shafts 54 and 59 to drive the component
vided along its length with a number of gears |36
rollers of unit I I. By substitution of gears of var#
corresponding to the number of rollers |26. The
ious diameters in the gear train |44, |46, |41, it
pairs of gears |35 and |36 are mounted in housing
is possible to bring about any desired speed on the
|38, each of which extends for a considerable dis
part of rollers |26 and |21 with respect to rollers
tance into the interior of a roller |26. Housings
45 and 46. Since, however, all rollers |26 and |21
|38 are elongated in this manner so that the 50 are driven from the same gear, |44, it is apparent
bearings for shaft |34 are spaced apart a suíii
that they will have identical peripheral speeds.
cient distance to insure rigidity of that shaft and
Like the rollers 45 and 4S, the rollers |26 and |21
to prevent wobbling movement of roller |26 in re
are provided with liquid supply pipes 263 and 21 I,
sponse to radial thrust. Only one bearing for
and with liquid collecting troughs 214 and 211
shaft |34 can be seen in Figure 1, this being desig 55 respectively.
nated by the numeral |39. Note that the elon
As has been previously stated, thread-storage,
gated housing structure is likewise carried out
thread-advancing unit I2 is threaded up inthe
in lower roller |26. The remaining portions of
same manner as the respective unit |I. vOn
housings |32 and'|38 will be hereinafter more
thread-storage, thread-advancing unit I2, the
fully described in conjunction with the detailed 60 thread is subjected to further aftertreatments,
construction of rollers |26 and |21.
and, when it leaves that unit, is in iinished form.
It is contemplated that housing |38 be mounted
It is then led directly to a ring -twister mecha
for pivotal movement on tubular support 806, the
nisrn, best shown in Figures l, 3 and 8 to 11, in
construction of which is conveniently identical
clusive. The twister mechanism shown is largely
to the construction of tubular support 63 asso
conventional, being somewhat modiñed, however
ciated with housings 58. It is understood that
to fit under unit >I2 in the interest of space con
the angular disposition of shaft |34 may be varied
servation. Twister spindles I3 are driven in pairs
by the employment of a construction such as that
from belts |48 which pass over and are propelled
used in changing the angular position of shaft 55.
by a cylindrical pulley |49 keyed to a power shaft
LThe apparatus employed is identical to that used
|5|l driven in any convenient manner, not shown.
in conjunction with roller 45. In the structure
’The usual idler pulleys |5| are associated with
associated with roller 45 (Fig. 1) a shaft 64 is
belt |48 and a counter-weighted belt tightener
provided with threads over which rides a nut
pulley |52 is employed.
which is pivotally supported between the depend
I3 is provided with the usual brake |53 for local#
ized stoppage of the spindle for the exchange of
ing arms of a bifurcated member 66 in turn at
Each twister spindle
spools. The brake,.itself, is conventional in form
but is >provided with vnovel engaging‘means con
sisting of a depending arm |54 cooperating with
delivery speed ,from unit l2 :being contemplated.
Thus, thethread ‘will be under `veryslight 'ten
an upwardly extending arm >|55 provided with a
bifurcated end. Arm '|55 is driven through a rod
|56 provided with a curved operating surface 4|51
sion .at >this stage and will ëfollow the path des
ignated by the reference letter A vin Figure 8.
The operator then pulls the thread A to therleft,
as viewed in Figure r6, and -threads it'throug‘n a
adapted to be engaged by the -leg of the oper
guide |12 mountedon the ’motor-drum assem
ator as he stands beside the machine. A spring
|58 normally biases rod |56 and hence arm |55
to release position. Thus, depending arm |54 is
normally biased ina clockwise direction' as viewed
bly and through guide |69 above the twister
spindle. The thread is then passed under `trav
eler |1|. Once this is-done,‘the thread is >broken
between twister traveler |-~1| land the drum,'the
free end being thrown :into therapidly rotating
twister-bobbin lïâ‘mounted -on spindle |3 shown
in Figure 8. The relatively small amount <of
in TFigure 1 thereby urging brake |53 away from
the bottom> of the -spindle,«arms |54 and >brake
arm -|53 functioning mechanically as a bell
crank. Upon reference to Figure 7, it will be 15 thread collected on the bobbin of drum |62fm'ay
noted I.that operating surface |51 is disposed in
-be removed therefrom and discarded as waste.
registry with notched-out portions |59 ci a grill
In order that themotor-drum unit |62-|66 can
work |60 lserving as a platform on which the
be'rnoved from spindle to spindle as the respec
operator may stand while threading unit i2.
tive twisters associated >with each unit `f|2 are
Grill work |68 is supported by braces |6| ex 20 threaded up, the wheel-rail 'assembly is provid
tending from the Amain frame of the machine.
ed. As a consequencawhen‘one ‘twisterfspindle
As‘can be seen in Figure 1,»braces |6| constitute
has been served, the motorcar is moved "to the
guide bearings for rod |56. The operator, on the
next “adjacent one. At-each unit, however, -the
other hand, stands .on .the >.ground floor of the
motor is locked .in operative position. This is
operating room when twister. spindle |3 is thread
done by means of a lever |11-4 pivoted at |15 to
ed up, and, as -a consequence, .the twister brake
the motor housing. Lever |14 is provided with
operating surface is located for manipulation
an operating yhandle |~16Yand a'pin |11, adapted
from that level.
for cooperation with'holes |18 provided at spaced
It is contemplated that the thread issuing Vfrom
points along lowertrack |68. ‘Whenpin | 11 is
unit |2 will be .delivered at a rate approximating 30 received'in a hole 418, the 'motor 'and 'drum unit
60 to `100 meters a minute. Ring twisters, on
is restrained against movement along the'tracks.
theother hand, are normally used with thread
When it is to be'moved, however, the handle '|16
being ¿pulled from a stationary package. As a
is pushed in toward the ‘twister Yspindle there
consequence, it is impossible for an operator to
by extracting pin |11 from hole |18 and Vallow
thread up the traveler of a ring twister with a
ing the device to be manually moved along the
thread moving at a speed such .as is here con
track to the next stage.
templated, theslack produced being so great as
In order that drum-motor assembly |62 and
to cause substantial diñiculty. For this reason,
|63 need not be spotted at v4the various stations,
a novel device and method for threading .up the
-pivot l|15il1cludes a coil 'spring which normally
ring twister has beenprovided. This device con 40 urges pin |11 against rail |68. In this way, the
sists 'of a temporary collecting .drum |62, driven
operator -may push handle |16 in toward the
through a verysen'sitive clutch, hereinafter more
machine toextract pin |11, then release handle
fully described, by an electric motor |63. The
|16 and push the car along --the track.' When
housings Yof electric motor |63 and drum |62 are
thenext station is reached, pin |11 will be urged
fastened together to form a unitary structure 45 automatically into the next hole |18.
and that structure is provided with arms |64,
In Figures 3 and 8, a wire guide |19 can be
|65 and |66 (Figs. 3 and 8) on the respective ends
seen extending from a portion of the motor hous
of which Wheels are provided. These wheels are
ing. This guide ris to insure that the thread is
arranged to ride in tracks |61 and |88 afñxed to
wound on drum |62 and cannot be accidentally
` the moving traverse ring board, which, during
wedged in between the drum and the motor ‘as
twisting, is reciprocated -in a vertical direction in
sembly tobe engaged by moving parts.
a conventional manner.
Tracks |61 and |68, in
Attention is directed to the fact that the vari
ous spindles I3 are not located 'directly under the
IGZ-|63 for movement therealong, act as con
corresponding thread-storage, thread-advancing
ductors for the supply of electric current to mo
tor |63. It is contemplated that motor >|63 be a 55 unit I2, see Figure 3. lI'l'ie reason for locating
the twister spindles between adjacent units is a
low voltage unit and that one of the poles be
dual one. In >the first place, more space is al
served through the machine while the other pole
lowed for >guides |69, and, secondly, and of even
is visolated from the machine by the use of in
addition to supporting motor-drum assembly
sulating material in the mounting of one of the
greater importance, a relatively long path is pro
60 vided between upper roller |26 and the twister
spindle. Since the last stage of aftertreatment
Referring now to Figure 8, >it will be seen that
normally consists of drying the thread, by the
a thread guide |69 supported by a rod '|18 is
rails |61, |68.
application of heat, thereto, and since, according
located vertically above and in alignment with
to this apparatus drying is to be effected on
'twister spindle I3. When the twister traveler
|1| is to be threaded, the operator leads the 65 rollers |26, the relatively long path ‘between the
said rollers Vand the associated spindles I3 allows
free end of thread issuing from roller ‘|26 of
time Vfor the thread to cool before twisting.
thread-storage, thread-advancing unit |12 and
In Figures 9, l0, and 11, the internal structure
wraps it around a cylindrical spool ñttted over
of collecting drum |62 Aand the driving connection
drum |82 which has been caused to rotate by
energizing motor |63. The driving arrangement 70 between said drum and motor |63 is illustrated.
It can be seen that drum ‘|62 is in the form of a
between motor |63 and drum .|62 is such'that the
takeup speed of drum |62 will be in excess of the
hollow cylinder supported from shaft `| 80 extend
delivery -speed from thread-storage, thread-ad
ing from the housing of motor V| 63 and connected
vancing unit l2, a drum takeup speed of lapprox
to the rotor of said motor by suitable <reduction
imately Afive meters a minute in excess of. the
gearing, not shown. Flangedfspiders 18| 'and |82
interiorly support drum |62, said spiders being
spaced from shaft |88 by ball bearing assemblies
|83 and |84. It is contemplated that drum |62
be made of hard rubber and be provided with a
plurality of spring latches |85 for the purpose of
holding in position a thread collecting bobbin of
conventional form, not shown. This is a matter
of convenience, since waste yarn wound on the
collecting bobbin can be removed from drum |62
by sliding the bobbin axially off the unsupported
end of the drum without interference with the
driving connections for the latter.
It can be seen that flanged spiders I8| and |82
-do not establish a driving connection between
shaft |89 and drum |62. On the contrary, these
hub |99. For maintaining the adjustment, a
lock is effected between a flanged spider 283 and
cap 282. Flanged spider 283 is marginally con
nected to drum |62 by three circumferentially
spaced screws 284 while its hub portion is mount
ed for free rotation on the exterior of hub |99
of cam |96. AS can be seen in Figure 11, the
hub of spider 283 is provided with a plurality of
circumferentially spaced sockets 295, each of a
size to accommodate a pin 286. Pin 286 is per
manently mounted in cap 282_and is adapted to
extend into any selected one of the sockets 286.
So that a connection may be maintained between
bearings merely serve to support the drum from
cap 282 and spider 283 except during periods of
adjustment, the cap is normally biased to the
left, as viewed in Figure 8, by a spring 28? mount
the shaft in such a way that the two are freely
ed Within a recess in hub |99.
This spring nor--
mally urges a pin 298 to the left, as viewed in
relatively rotatable. At the free end of shaft
Figure 9, the shank of said pin being threaded
|88 a small cylindrical collar |86 is keyed in posi
tion by a screw key |8'|. Screw key |81 not only 20 into cap 282.
By the arrangement just described, itis possible
functions to key collar |86 for rotation with shaft
to quickly and conveniently vary the loading of
|88, but likewise maintains said collar and the
springs |92 and |93 to any desired extent within
shaft against relative axial displacement. Above
the limits defined by the configuration of cam
and below collar |86 arcuate brake shoes |88 and
|96. To do this, the operator grasps cap 282 and
|89 are loca-ted. These shoes are disposed on the
pulls it axially away from motor housing |63.
ends of metallic arms |98 and I9|, respectively,
This die-engages pin 286 from one of the sockets
the other ends of said arms being pivotally con
nected to spider |82. From this it can be seen
285 in spider 203. Thereafter, the cap is turned
either to the right or left, depending upon whether
that so long as brake shoes |88 and |89 are urged
into engagement with :collar |86 a driving con 30 the loading of the springs |92 and |93 is Ito be
nection is established from shaft |88 through the
increased or decreased. Since the springs are
shown at the minimum loaded position in Figure
brake shoes and arms |98 and I9! to spider |82
and from thence to cylindrical drum |62.
10, itis evident that the cam in that position may
It has been previously stated that the clutch
be turned only counterclockwise, as viewed in Fíg
required in this installation be extremely sensi
ure 10. When the desired adjustment is reached,
tive in operation. For this reason, means are
it is only necessary to release cap 282 in any posi
provided for varying the load on brake shoes |88
tion such that the pin 286 is in registrywith one
and |89. Midway of the lengths of arms |98 and
of the sockets to allow spring 281 to draw the
|9|, identical coil springs |92 and |93 are at
cap to locked position.
tached, these springs being connected to the free 40
The effect of the structure just described dur
ends of arms |94 and |95, respectively, the other
ing the threading up of a ring twister from a unit
ends of said arms being anchored by pins to
of a continuous spinning machine is that the
spider |82, the anchorage being of a nature to
peripheral speed of drum |62 may be set to a
permit pivotal movement about the pin. It is now
predetermined value in excess of the delivery
evident that if arm |95 be rocked in a counter
-`i speed of thread-storage, thread-advancing unit
clockwise direction, as viewed in Figure l0', and
I2. This excess in speed will be effective, how
arm |94 be similarly moved, springs |93 and |92
ever, only so long as there is no resistance to
will be extended to thereby increase the pressure
rotation of drum |62. When thread is wound
on shoes |89 and |88 thereby increasing the fric
around the bobbin, which is fitted over drum | 62,
tional contact between said shoes and collar |86
the tendency of the drum to take 4up faster than
to increase the power resistance differential
the thread-storage, thread-advancing units de
necessary to cause slippage. The loading and
livers tends to load drum |62 so that resistance
unloading of springs |92 and |93 is accomplished ` to turning movement will cause slippage of the
by the employment of a cam |96 having faces of
clutch construction just described, thereby pre
identical curvature disposed 180° apart. The 'con
venting breakage cf -thread while at the same .time
figuration of cam |96 may be readily Viewed in
maintaining suflicient tension so that thread will
Figure 10. Bearing against the surfaces of cam
be taut between the free end of the thread
|96 are followers |91 and |98 connected to arms
storage, _thread-advancing device and drum |62
|94 and |95 respectively. Thus, by rotation of
at all times. Similarly, as the build of ythread on
cam |96 in a counterclockwise direction, as it is
viewed in Figure 10, the distance of followers |9`|
and |98 from the center of shaft |88 may be in
the bobbin surrounding drum |62 increases, and
so tends to increase the takeup speed of the tem
porary collecting device, the clutch mechanism
creased. yDue to the fact that the two cam sur
faces of cam |96 are identical in configuration,
such movement will bring about an identical in
crease in loading of both of springs |92 and |93
¿7 functioning to maintain the thread tau-t as shown
» in Figure 8 while the operator prepares to thread
to thereby increase the clutching effect between
shoes |88 and |89 and collar |86. The movement
up twister spindle I3. The clutch mechanism just
described may be used in temporary collecting ole-
will slip to prevent thread breakage while still
vices '|‘| and 8| to avoid excessive tension of the
and maintenance of cam |96 in vposition is effected
by apparatus shown in Figures 9 and ll. Cam TT ì thread during transfers from .the units || to the
corresponding units I2 in threading up.
|96 is connected for rotation with hub |99 pro
In Figures 12 and 13, there is shown a modified
vided with a square end 288. Square end 288 is
type Of continuous spinning machine constructed
received in a bushing 28| pressed within knuried
according to this invention. The liquid treatment
cap 282. Thus, when cap 282 is turned, the torque
is transmitted to cam |96 directly through its 75 steps effected on this machine may be similar to
those of the Figure 1 apparatus or maybe‘varied
in a manner to be hereinafter described.
As can be seen upon reference to Figure 12,
lthe modiiied type of spinning machine is assem
-bled in conjunction with a two-bath system in
which bath troughs »300 and 30|, their support
ing framework 332, and spinning pump assembly
303 are adapted >from a conventional two-bath
spinning layout. Bath troughs 300 and 33| ex
tend continuously for the entire length of the
machine, pump units 333 being provided at spaced
cooperation with a corresponding 4gear 343
mounted for rotation with shaft 335. Thus, shaft
33S is caused to rotate and through chain v333
drives shaft 335 at an identical speed. Hence the
peripheral speeds of rollers 333 and 334 will be
It will be recalled that lower roller 22 'of unit
|| is mounted with its axis extending truly hori
zontally while the axis of upper roller 2| extends
generally horizontally but slopes in the direction
of the unsupported end of the unit.
This ar
>points along the length of trough 300, each to
rangement also prevails in 'conjunction with
serve a spinneret 304.
thread-storage, thread-advancing unit '301. The
In the modiñed type of apparatus now under
discussion, the thread follows much the same
course as in the machine of Figure 1. The thread
leaving a spinneret 304 in ltrough 300 is passed
over a long path guiding device 305 and godet
300. rFrom godet 305 it may be led into the bath
of trough 30|, and from thence to a thread-stor
shaft 336 for lower roller'334 is mounted in anti
friction bearings 343 supported in fixed position
from a plate 335 'bolted to frame 302. On the
other hand, shaft 335 is mounted for movement
age, thread-advancing device indicated generally
at 301 or it may be led directly to said device.
After device 301 is threaded up, by winding a
in a vertical Plane so that the angle of converg
ence of the axes of rollers 333 and 334 may be
varied to produce varying coils spacings of thread
wound around the two rollers.
Once the .adjustment'of the angle of shaft 335
has been effected in a -manner to cause coil
thread band adjacent the supported end thereof
as described in connection with device || of Fig
ure 1, the thread is led to a temporary collecting
device 308 which is bodily moved to ia position ad
spacing in conformity with the time factor of the
treatment eiîected on thread-storage, thread-ad
vancing unit 331, that unit is threaded up in the
manner previously described in conjunction with
jacent another thread-storage, thread-advancing
unit ||, see Figure l. The thread is passed from
ydevice designated generally at 303. On this de
roller 33| in bath trough 30| to roller 332 adja
vice further treatments are consummated. From 30 cent the supported end of unit 301. From this
there the thread is led to a collecting device in
roller it goes onto the thread-storage, thread-ad
dicated generally at 3|0.
vancing unit and it leaves that unit adjacent a
roller 335e. The thread is led around roller 363
ledinto a second bath located in trough 30|,
and from thence to a roller 333 (Fig. 12) disposed
around an immersed freely rotatable roller 33| 35 adjacent the supported end of unit 303. As is the
After the thread leaves godet 306, it may be
`and then to >threari-storage, thread-advancing
unit 301 over guide roller 332. It will be under
case of the apparatus illustrated in Figure l, the
apparatus of Figure l2 `comprises two units 301
stood that the threading arrangement shown in
and 309 which are disposed on opposite sides of
Figure 12 is merely exemplary showing the me
the machine. Hence, it is difficult to pass the
chanical possibilities of the illustrated apparatus.~ 40 thread from roller 365er to roller 333 by solely
It is evident lthat long path guiding device 305
manual means. As a consequence, a rocker arm
may be used either with or without subsequent
301 (Fig. 13) is provided for the purpose of mov
passage of the thread through bath 30|. In the
ing a temporary collecting device 368 from a point
latter case, of course, the thread is led directly
adjacent the discharge end of unit k331 to a point
from godet 306 to thread-storage, thread-advanc
adjacent the takeup end of unit 309. Arm 301
ing device 301. Similarly, device 305 maybe
is mounted for pivotal movement about shaft 34|,
omitted and the thread led directly to godet
anti-friction bearings 339 serving to connect the
306 and from thence either through the bath of
two. Within the housing defining arm 331 a pul
trough 30| or directly to thread-storage, thread
ley 310 (Fig. 13) is located, connected by a V-belt
advancing device 301 dependent upon the par 50 31| with another pulley 312. This pulley is keyed
ticular chemical treatment'undertaken. It will be
to a shaft 313 which likewise carries a temporary
understood that godet 336 must be driven in timed
collecting device 333. Thus, the rotation of shaft
relation with the spinning pump and hence it is
33| is carried over to temporary collecting device
connected with shaft 321 by means of suitable
368. In view of the fact that pulley 310 is some
drive mechanism.
55 what larger than pulley 312, the peripheral speed
Thread-storage, thread-advancing device 331 is
of collecting device 338 is somewhat increased.
similar in >structure and operation to the corre
The two connecting pulleys are so adjusted that
sponding unit | i of the continuous spinning ma
the takeup speed of device 368 is just barely in
chine of Figures l and 2. It is threaded up in
excess of the delivery speed of rollers 333 and 33d
the same manner and it will cause axial -feed of 60 so that the thread will not slack during a thread
spaced connected coils of thread wound there
ing up operation. Upon reference to Figure v13,
around. Unit 331 consists of two rollers 333 and
it will be seen that a pair of stops 314 depend
» 334 mounted on axially extending shafts 335 and
from the lower edge of arm 331. These members
33B lying in the same vertical plane which are
cooperate with a stop 315 attached in any con
supported at a common end. Each shaft is pro 65 venient manner to a portion of the machine
vided with sprocket 331 over which is trained an
frame so that arm 331 will, by gravity, always
endless chain 333 so that both rollers will be
assume the same extreme positions, regardless of
driven at the same speed. The power source for
whether collecting device 330 is adjacent unit
ldriving rollers 333 and 334 through their respec
301 or unit 309.
tive shafts is a shaft 330 caused to rotate by any 70
It can now be seen how temporary collecting
conventional means not shown. Shaft 340 is con
device 368 is operated. To move that device from
nected by a sprocket and chain drive to a shaft
its position adjacent unit 301 to the broken line
33| which extends for the full length of the ina
position shown in Figure 12 adjacent the sup
chine. At spaced points along the length of shaft
ported end of unit 339, a crank 316 (Figs. 12 and
34|, gears .342 are located, one being provided for 76 13) is operated, this crank causing rotation Aof a
sprocket 311, which, through a chain 318, oper
ates a sprocket 319 keyed to the housing bearings
closed coil is wound near the unsupported end
of unit 309.
Because of the fact that a two-roller thread
of arm 361. It can be seen that rotation of crank
316 will cause the desired movement to take place,
the rocking of arm 361 being entirely independent
of pulleys 210, which, of course, is keyed to shaft
341. Once the temporary collecting device 368
has been moved to the broken 1ine position of
Figure 12, the thread is broken adjacent that de
storage, thread-advancing device supported at
one end only may be threaded up with great con
venience, it is contemplated that all forms of the
present invention be so`arranged.
In connection with Figure 12, a trough 400 is
illustrated, which trough may be moved into and
vice and is led over roller 366 after which time the 10 out of collecting position beneath roller 381, the
coils are wound around the rollers of unit 309 in
purpose being to facilitate threading up of that
the manner previously described in conjunction
roller. A modified fonm of construction adapted
with thread-storage, thread-advancing unit 1 1.
to the same purpose is illustrated in Figures 14
The thread shown leaving unit 309 (Fig, 12) is
to 16, inclusive. For convenience of illustration,
passed over roller 319a and from thence is led to 15 only a single roller is shown and this is of the
collecting device 310 of any conventional type,
type used on the right-hand side of the machines
the illustration of Figure 12 being diagrammatic
of Figures 1 and 12. It is to be understood that
and intended to include a thread supporting body
this construction may be incorporated. in either
driven at its periphery and used in conjunction
of these machines. Only the lower roller is
with any conventional traverse mechanism; for 20 shown, it being evident that the troughsV asso
example, of the type employed in coning ma
ciated with the upper roller cannot interfere with
threading up since a closed coil need not be
The unit 309-is made up of two rollers 380 and
wound underneath the upper roller. The single
381, the axes of which lie in the same vertical
roller illustrated in Figures 14 and 15 is desig
plane and are convergent in the direction of the 25 nated by the numeral 526 and is supported and
unsupported end of the rollers. As before, the
driven by any of the previously described means
axis of roller 381 is truly horizontal, while the
through a shaft 521. Through supply pipes, not
axis of roller 380 slopes downwardly from right
shown in Figures 14 and 15, liquids are sprayed
to left as it is viewed in Figure 12. Rollers 389
upon roller 526 and are recovered in a trough 531
and 381 are carried on shafts 382 and 383, respec 30 which may be drained by pipes 533. In threading
tively, supported in bearings 384 and 385 suit
up, troughs 531 will interfere with the passage
ably attached in any convenient way to the left
of coils around the bottom of roller 526. Thus,
hand main frame generally designated at 386.
trough 531 is provided with a U-bar 535, the
Bearings 385 are ñxed, and shaft 383 carries a
transverse portion of which is añ‘ixed to the un
gear 381 which meshes with a gear 388 carried 35 derside thereof at a point adjacent the supported
on a main drive shaft 389. Shaft 389 is similar
end of roller 526. The shanks of U-bar 535 are
in structure and function to shaft 341, a plurality
provided with registering apertures and a bolt
of gears 388 being provided at spaced points
536 is passed through them and through a bored
along its length, one for coaction with each gear
portion of a frame supported block 531. In this
381. In this regard, it will be understood that 40 way, trough 531 is pivotally attached to a portion
a gear 381 is associated with each unit 309. In
of the main frame of the spinning machine. The
a manner similar to the arrangement shown in
under surface of trough 531 has depending there
conjunction with unit 301, roller 380, through its
shaft 382, is driven fro-m shaft 383. The drive
from a bifurcated member 538 at a point remote
is a chain and sprocket one indicated generally
'“ trough to the main frame of the machine. The
arms of bifurcated member 538 are provided with
registering apertures which receive a bolt 539 on
from the pointl of pivotal attachment of the
at 390.
Again in the interest of controlling the space
between adjacent coils on the thread-storage,
which a bell crank 540 is pivoted between the two
thread-advancing unit, the upper shaft 382 of
arms. Bell crank 540 is provided with an oper
unit 309 is rendered angularly adjustable. The 50 ating handle 541 (Fig. 15) at the end of one arm
adjustment is effected by pivotally attaching a
and is pivotally connected between two arms 542
plate 384er, which supports bearings 384, at a
by a pin 543 near the end of the other arm. Arms
point 391. Pìvoted plate 384cv. is provided, at a
542 are pivotally connected between the arms of
point remote from pivot point 391, with an ex
U-member 544 which is affixed to a portion of
tending portion 392 onto which a threaded rod 55 the main frame. The extreme end of the arm of
393 is pivotally attached through a bifurcated
bell crank 540 which is pivotally attached at 543
Threaded rod 393 passes through a
to members 542 has extending thereacross a stop
plate 545, see Figure 16, of a width suñicient to
frame 386. Within the arms of bracket 394 a
contact the upper surface of both of the members
hand nut 395 is located. It can be _seen that by 60 542. 'I‘he effect of this is that the weight of trough
turning nut 395, the length of threaded rod 393
531 tends to rock bell crank 540 in a counter
between that nut and the point of pivotal attach
clockwise direction as it is viewed in Figure 14.
bifurcated bracket 394 fiXedly attached to main
ment to projecting portion 392 is varied and that
Thus, plate 545 is pressed tightly against bars
the effect of this variance will be to tilt the plate 65 542. In this connection it is important to note
carrying bearings 384 in which shaft 382 is lodged.
that the left arm of bell crank 540 and bars 542
A small sprocket located rearwardly of gear
are not in alignment and that pivot point 543 is
388 drives a chain 396, which in turn drives a
below a dead-center‘position. When the trough
sprocket 391 carried on a stub shaft. The stub
is to be lowered, bell crank 540 is rocked about
shaft also carries a pulley 398 which is connected 70 pivot 539 in a clockwise direction making pivot
by a b-elt 399 to a pulley mounted on a stub shaft
point 543 into an elbow joint so that the front
with roller 366. Thus, roller 366 is driven through
end of the trough may be lowered.
connections so adjusted that it has a takeup speed
Modification of the process and the apparatus
just a little in excess of the delivery speed from
will readily be foreseen by those skilled in the
unit 301. This assists in threading up when the 75 art, and I desire to include all modifications
and variations coming within -thevscope of the
ranged to rotate at a thread take-up speed which
is somewhat -greater than the speed of the thread
issuing from the treating devices of the station
appended claims.
This is a division of my application Serial No,
450,934, filed July 14, 1942, entitled "Process and
apparatus for the manufacture of synthetic
from which the thread is being collected so as to
keep said thread under tension while being col
lected and transferred to within Stringing-up
proximity of the station located at a distance
at least two thread-storage, thread-advancing
3. A continuous spinning machine comprising
devices and a twister device` al1 mutually offset 10 Ameans for forming a thread, a plurality of thread
and spaced from each other, temporary collecting
treating stations located at a distance from each
means interposed between at least two of said
other but constituting a unitary machine, each
devices and bodily movable into thread receiving
station including a plurality of thread treating
position with respect to at least one of them, a
devices over which thread passes while being
power source associated with the temporary col 15 treated, rail means disposed between said sta
lecting means, a yielding driving connection be
tions, transfer apparatus adapted to be moved
I claim:
l. In a continuous spinning machine including
tween said power source and said temporary col
lecting means, and means associated with said
on said rail means between said stations and
adapted for passing treated thread issuing'from
yielding driving connection for adjusting the de
one of said stations to within Stringing-up prox
gree of yield thereof to a predetermined value 20 imity of another of said stations located at a
to maintain a constant thread tension during
distance therefrom, rotary means carried by said
bodily movement of the temporary collecting
transfer apparatus for temporarily collecting said
thread while said apparatus is traveling from one
station to another, said rotary means being ar
means for forming a thread, a plurality of thread 25 ranged to rotate at a thread take-up speed which
treating stations located at a distance from each
is'somew'nat greater than the speed of the thread
other but constituting a unitary machine, each
issuing from the treating devices of the station
station including a plurality of thread treating
from which the thread is being collected so as
devices over which thread `passes while being
to keep said thread under tension while being
treated, rail means disposed between said sta 30 collected and transferred to within Stringing-up
tions, thread transfer apparatus adapted to be
proximity of the station located at a distance
moved on said rail means between said stations
therefrom and means for retaining the rotary
and adapted for passing treated thread issuing
thread-collecting device in alignment with a sta
from one of said stations to within Stringing-up
tion while the thread is being initially collected
prom'mity of another of said stations located at a 35 thereon-at said station and in alignment with
2. A continuous spinning machine comprising
distance therefrom, rotary means carried 'by said
transfer apparatus for temporarily collecting said
thread while said apparatus is traveling from one
station to another, said rotary means being ar
another station after said rotary collecting de
vice has been brought to ÁWithin Stringing-up
proximity of said other station.
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